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Section A Short Questions (Mechanics only)

1. The lifting members of a crane can be modelled using a pin-jointed frame as shown in Figure Q1. For the system determine the load in the members AB and BC, stating if it is a tie or strut. Take g = 9.81 m/s 2 .

A o 20 B C 500 kg
A
o
20
B
C
500 kg

Figure Q1

Pin-jointed Frame

2. Two members are connected by a bolt as shown in the Figure Q2.

[4 marks]

If the load P is

36 kN and the allowable shear stress in the bolt is 90 MNm -2 , find the minimum diameter of the bolt.

[4 marks]

- 2 , find the minimum diameter of the bolt. [4 marks] Figure Q2 Towing Bar

Figure Q2 Towing Bar Joint

3. In a few sentences, describe briefly the difference between a quarter bridge circuit and a full bridge circuit used in strain measurement. State the advantages of the full bridge

circuit.

[4 marks]

Section B Long Questions (Mechanics Only)

1. The maximum output power of a test engine is 300 kW at a rotational speed of 2000 rpm. The diameter and length of the output shaft are 65 mm and 125 mm respectively. At this operating condition: -

a) Determine the output torque,

[3 marks]

b) Determine the polar second moment of area of the output shaft cross-section, [2 marks]

c) Show on a suitable diagram the shear stress distribution across the output shaft cross-section together with its maximum value,

[4 marks]

d) Determine the angular deflection of the shaft along its length assuming the shear modulus of the material, G, to be 82 GNm -2 .

[4 marks]

Also, give two design reasons why the actual working shear stress could be higher than the maximum determined in part c).

[2 marks]

2. A simply supported beam is to be loaded as shown in Figure Q2. For the system

a) Determine the unknown loads R A and R C ,

 

[3 marks]

b) Plot the shear force diagram for the beam,

 

[4 marks]

c) Plot the bending moment diagram for the beam and

 

[6 marks]

d) Determine the stress due to bending at the 20 kN load given the section modulus, Z, is 5 x 10 -4 m 3 .

20 kN

1.5 kN/m

4 m 3 m
4 m
3 m

R A

R C
R C

[2 marks]

Figure Q2 Simply Supported Beam Configuration

3.

A solid steel circular bar 12.5 mm diameter and length 60 mm is subject to a tensile load of 16.7 kN, as shown in Figure Q3. Given that steel has a Young’s Modulus and Poisson’s Ratio of 207 GN/m 2 and 0.29 respectively, determine: -

a) tensile stress in the direction of the applied load,

 

[3 marks]

b) strain in the direction of the applied load,

 

[3 marks]

c) change in length of the bar in the direction of the applied load,

 

[3 marks]

d) change of the diameter of the bar,

 

[3 marks]

e) safety factor given that the allowable stress is 300 MN/m 2 .

 

[3 marks]

16.7kN

that the allowable stress is 300 MN/m 2 .   [3 marks] 16.7kN 12.5mm dia. 60mm

12.5mm

dia.

that the allowable stress is 300 MN/m 2 .   [3 marks] 16.7kN 12.5mm dia. 60mm

60mm

16.7kN

Figure Q3 Loaded Bar

Formula Sheet

Stress and Strain

Displacement, velocity, acceleration, force and torque

Properties of Shapes

Energy, power and momentum

Static equilibrium

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