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LESSON PLAN

CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

1.0

COURSE INFORMATION
COURSE NAME

COURSE CODE
:
PROGRAM
:
SEMESTER
:
CREDIT HOURS :
CONTACT HOURS :
COURSE STATUS :
PRE-REQUISITE :
LECTURER
:
EMEL
:
CONTACT NO.
:
:

MATERIALS AND ENERGY BALANCE AND


SIMULATION
CHE243
EH110
3
4
7
CORE
NIL
MOHD ZAKI BIN SUKOR
mdzaki@johor.uitm.edu.my
07-381 0000 / Ext: 8525
012-7573488

2.0

SYNOPSIS
This course is educates students to identify, formulate and solve mass and energy
balance problems based on the concept of conservation of mass and energy as the
fundamental tool of engineering analysis. Some of the topics covered in this course
are systems of units and dimensions, material balances for process with and without
chemical reaction, gases and vapors, saturation, energy concept and balances, physical
and chemical heat effects and the use of steam tables. Application of simulation
software (HYSIS) in solving the mass and energy balances is also introduced.

3.0

COURSE OUTCOME
Upon completion of this module, students are expected to be able to:
1.
Explain the fundamental concept of material and energy balances.
2.
Apply the basic engineering calculation related to process variables and
chemical process principle for the operation of process units or processes
units.
3.
Formulate the material and energy balance to solve chemical process
problems.
4.
Construct mass and energy balances equations necessary to solve non-reactive
and reactive systems by computer simuation software (HYSIS).

4.0

METHODS OF INSTRUCTION
Lecture and tutorial
Lecture
:
Tutorial and laboratory session
:

4 hrs/wk
3 hrs/wk

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

5.0

LESSON PLAN

WEEK

DURATION

1-2

36

78

CHAPTER
ACTIVITIES
Chapter 1: Introduction
 Units and Dimensions
 Dimensional Equations and
Lecture & Tutorial
Consistency
 Read Textbook pp 8  Concept of Mass, Volume,
22
Flowrate, Composition,
 Read Textbook pp 42
Concentration, Pressure and
- 63
Temperature
Chapter 2: Material Balance for
Non-Reactive Systems
Lecture & Tutorial
 Definition and types of processes,
Operation and System
Read Textbook Sec. 4.1
 Fundamental of Material Balance - Sec. 4.5
for Steady State
 Flow Chart, Flow Chart Scaling,
Quiz 1
Basis of Calculations and Degree
of Freedom (DOF)
Assignment 1
 Material Balance Calculation on
Single-Unit Process and MultipleUnit Processes
 Recycle and Bypass Calculations
Chapter 3: Materials Balance for
Simple Reactive Systems
Lecture & Tutorial
 Chemical Reaction Stoichiometry
 Limiting & Excess Reactants, Read Textbook Sec. 4.6
Fractional Conversion & Extent of - Sec. 4.8
Reaction, Yield & Selectivity
 Multiple Reactions, Yield &
Quiz 2
Seectivity
 Balances on Reactive Process
 Atomic
Species
Balance COMMON TEST 1
Method
(Chapter 1-2)
 Extent of Reaction Method
 Overall & Single-Pass Conversions
and Purging
 Combustion Reaction
 Theoretical & Excess Air
 Material
Balances
on
Combustion Reaction

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

9 11

12 13

14

6.0

Chapter 4: Energy Balance for NonLecture & Tutorial


Reactive System
 Energy Balance on Closed System
 Read Textbook Sec
and Open System at Steady State
 Reference States, State Properties
8.1a 8.4c
and Steam Tables for H2O System
 Review
Textbook
Sec. 7.1-7.6
 Procedure for Energy Balance
Calculations involving H2O System
 Reference States and Hypothetical
Quiz 3
Process Path for Other Systems
 Changes in pressure at constant
temperature
 Changes in temperature, Sensible
heat and heat capacity
 Changes in Phase and latent heat
 Procedure for Energy Balance
Calculations
Chapter 5: Energy Balance for Lecture & Tutorial
 Read Textbook Sec
Reactive System
 Heat of Reaction
9.5a
 Formation Reactions and Heats of
Formation
 Heat of Combustion
 Energy Balance on Reactive
Assignment 2
Processes
 Heat of Reaction Method
TEST 2 (Chapter 3 -5)
 Heat of Formation Method
Chapter 6: Starting with HYSYS
 Starting with HYSYS
 Simulation Basis Manager
 Fluid Package Selection
 Thermodynamic Model Selection
 Simulation Environment and
Adding Material Streams
 Equation of State with HYSYS
 HYSYS Simulation on Reactions
and Reactors

ASSESSMENT
Tests/Quizzes/Assignments/Laboratory
Project
Final Examination

: 30%
: 10%
: 60%

HYSYS: An
Introduction to Chemical
Engineering Simulation

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

7.0

GRADING SCALE
A+
A
AB+
B
BC+

90-100
80-89
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59

C
CD+
D
E
F

50-54
47-49
44-46
40-43
30-39
0-29

8.0

TEXT BOOK USED


i)
Felder, R. M.,Rousseau R.W. (2005). Elementary Principle of Chemical
Processes (3rd ed.). John Wiley and Sons Publ.
ii)
Mohd. Kamaruddin, A. H. (2007). HYSYS : An Introduction to Chemical
Engineering Simulation. Skudai: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Publication.

9.0

REFERENCES
i)
Himmelblau, D. M. and Riggs, J. B. (2004). Basic Principles and Calculations
in Chemical Engineering. (7th ed.). Prentice Hall Publ.
ii)
McCabe, W. L., Smith, J. C. and Harriot, P. (2005). Unit Operations of
Chemical Engineering (7th ed.) New York: Mc Graw-Hill.
iii)
Murphy, R. M.. (2007). Introduction to Chemical Processes: Principles,
Analysis and Synthesis. New York: McGraw-Hill.

10.0

OTHER INFORMATION/DETAILS
PREPARED BY:
SIGNATURE:

APPROVED BY:
SIGNATURE:

NAME: MOHD ZAKI SUKOR


POSITION: LECTURER
DATE: 7 JUNE 2015

NAME: SITINOOR ADEIB IDRIS


POSITION: COORDINATOR
DIPLOMA OF CHEMICAL
ENGINEERING
DATE : 7 JUNE 2015

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

COURSE CODE
COURSE NAME
CREDIT HOURS

PO1
PO2
PO3
PO4
PO5
PO6
PO7
PO8

CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY BALANCE
AND SIMULATION
4

PROGRAM
PREPARED BY

EH110
NUR SHAHIDAH BINTI AB AZIZ

DATE

8 JUNE 2014

Program Outcomes
Ability to acquire and apply the knowledge of basic sciences, mathematics and engineering fundamentals to solve basic chemical
engineering problems
Ability to conduct experiments, collect, analyzes and interprets data.
Ability to recognize the importance of safety, health and the environment including sustainable development
Ability to recognize the importance of professional ethics.
Ability to communicate effectively as an individual or in a group
Ability to assist in undertaking problem identification, formulation and solution in engineering
Ability to recognize the need of life-long learning and acquire the capacity to do so.
Ability to recognize the importance of the entrepreneurship in engineering related business

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

COURSE OUTCOMES

PO1

PO2

6
Program Outcomes
PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6

PO7

PO8

INSTRUCTIONAL
METHOD

(CO1)
Apply the methods of calculating variables
Lectures
which characterize the operations of the process
2
3
Tutorials
unit or processes units in order to solve the
unknowns that relate to these variables.
(CO2)
Identify the known information about process
Lectures
variables, set up material balance equation and
1
1
3
Tutorials
solve the unknown variables using this equation
for non-reactive and reactive systems.
(CO3)
Identify the known information about process
Lectures
variables, set up energy balance equation and
2
1
3
Tutorials
solve the unknown variables using this equation
for non-reactive and reactive systems.
(CO4)
Construct mass and energy balances equations
Lectures
necessary to solve non-reactive and reactive
2
Hands on exercises
systems by computer simulation software
(HYSYS)
Numbers Indicator: 3 Strongly emphasized, 2 Moderately emphasized, 1 Slightly emphasized

ASSESSMENT

Quiz, Test,
Examination

Quiz, Test,
Assignment,
Examination

Quiz, Test,
Assignment,
Examination

Laboratory
works

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

Week
1-2

3-6

Chapter/content

Course outcome

Course learning outcome

CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Units and
Dimension
1.2 Dimensional
Equations and
Consistency
1.3 Concept of Mass,
Volume, Flowrate,
Composition ,
Concentration and
Temperature
1.3 Properties of Gases
and Vapours

(CO1)
Ability to apply the methods
of
calculating variables which
characterize the operations
of the
process unit or processes
units in order to solve the
unknowns that relate to
these variables.

The student should be able to:


-Convert a quantity expressed in one
set of unit into its equivalent in other
dimensionally consistent units using
conversion factor table.
- Identify the units commonly used in
SI,
CGS and American Engineering units.
- Perform the concept of dimensional
homogeneity of equations.
- Explain the concepts and solve the
problems related to the mass, volume,
flow rate, composition, concentration,
pressure and temperature.

CHAPTER 2
MATERIAL
BALANCE FOR
NON-REACTIVE
SYSTEMS
2.1 Definition and
types of processes,

(CO2)
Ability to identify the
known information
about process variables set
up material
balance equation and solves
the
unknown variables using
this equation
for non-reactive and reactive
systems

The student should be able to:


- Explain the process classifications,
DOF
(Degree of Freedom), recycle, bypass,
purge, fractional conversion, limiting
and excess reactants, yield and
selectivity, dry and wet basis

Instructional
method
Lectures
Tutorials

Lecture
Tutorials

Assessment

Quiz
Test
Examination

Quiz
Test
Assignment
Examination

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

7-8

Operation and Systems


2.2 Fundamental of
Material Balances for
steady state
2.3 Flow Chart, Flow
Chart Scaling,
Basis of Calculations
and Degree of
Freedom (DOF).
2.4 Material Balance
Calculation on
SingleUnit Process
and Multiple
Unit Processes
2.5 Recycle and
Bypass Calculations
CHAPTER 3
MATERIAL
BALANCE FOR
SIMPLE REACTIVE
SYSTEM
3.1 Chemical Reaction
Stoichiometry
3.2 Limiting and
Excess reactant,
Fractional Conversion

8
composition, theoretical and
percent of excess air, complete and
incomplete combustion.
- Explain the fundamental of material
balance.
- Analyze the problems given, draw
the flowchart, identify scaling factor
and basis of calculation, identify subsystem for multiples unit process,
perform DOF analysis, write the
equations to calculate
the specified process variables and
perform the calculations for single
unit processes, multiple unit
processes, recycle, bypass, and purge
systems.
- Identify the molecular species
balances, atomic species balances and
extent of reaction method to solve the
chemical reactive problems.
- Analyze and solve problems related
to
combustion system.

Lectures
Tutorials

Quiz
Test
Assignment
Examination

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

and Extent of Reaction


3.3 Multiple Reaction,
Yield and selectivity
3.4 Balances on
Reactive Processes
3.4.1 Atomic Species
Balance Method
3.4.2 Extent of
Reaction Method
3.5 Overall & Single
Pass Conversion
and Purging
3.6 Combustion
Reaction
3.6.1 Theoretical &
Excess Air
3.6.2 Material
Balances on
Combustion Reaction
9-11

CHAPTER 4
ENERGY
BALANCE FOR
NON-REACTIVE
SYSTEM
4.1 Energy Balances

(CO3)
Ability Identify the known
information
about process variables, set
up energy
balance equation and solve

The student should be able to :


Explain the internal energies,
enthalpies, Heat capacity at constant
volume and pressure, heat of fusion,
heat of vaporization and heat of

Lecture
Tutorials

Quiz
Test
Assignment
Examination

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

on Closed System
and Open System at
Steady
4.2 Reference States,
State Properties
and Steam Tables for
H2O System
4.3 Procedure for
Energy Balance
Calculations Involving
H2O System
4.4 Reference States
and Hypothetical
Process Path for Other
Systems
4.5 Changes in
Pressure at Constant
Temperature
4.6 Changes in
Temperature, Sensible
Heat and Heat
Capacities
4.7 Changes in Phase
and Latent Heat
4.8 Procedure for
Energy Balance

10

the
solution.
unknown variables using
Calculate changes of enthalpies and
this equation
internal energies for given problems.
for non-reactive and reactive
Explain the concept of reference
systems.
state and hypothetical of process path.
Able to perform the energy balance
calculation.
Analyze and solve the problems
related to the changes in pressure at
constant
temperature, changes in temperature
and
changes in phase.
Explain the dry-bulb temperature,
absolute humidity, relative humidity,
dew point, humid volume, wet-bulb
temperature, specific enthalpy of
saturated air and enthalpy deviation.
Determine the information from the
psychometric chart.
Explain the concept of the mixing
and
solution.
Solve the problems related to the
mixing and solution.

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

12-13

14

Calculations
CHAPTER 5
ENERGY
BALANCE FOR
REACTIVE
SYSTEM
5.1 Heats of Reaction
5.2 Formation
Reactions and Heats
of Formation
5.3 Heats of
Combustion
5.4 Energy Balances
on Reactive
Processes
5.4.1 Heat of Reaction
Method
5.4.2 Heat of
Formation Method
CHAPTER 6
STARTING WITH
HYSIS
2.1 Starting with
HYSYS
2.2 Simulation Basis
Manager

(CO4)
Construct mass and energy
balances
equations
necessary to solve nonreactive
and
reactive
systems
by
computer
simuation
software

11

The student should be able to :


Explain the concepts of heat of
reaction, heat of formation, Hesss
Law, heat of combustion.
Analyze and solve the problems
related to the energy balance for the
reactive system

Lectures
Tutorials

Quiz
Test
Assignment
Examination

The student should be able to :


Identify the basic tool and
familiarize the HYSYS simulation
interface
Understand the basic concepts of
simulation using HYSIS
Analyze and solve the problems

Lectures
Tutorials

Hands On
Exercises
Project

LESSON PLAN
CHE243
MATERIALS AND ENERGY
BALANCE AND SIMULATION

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PAGE

2.3 Fluid Package


Selection
2.4 Thermodynamic
Model Selection
2.5 Simulation
environment and
Adding
Material Streams
6.6 Equation of State
with HYSIS
6.7 HYSYS
Simulation on
Reactions and
Reactors.

(HYSIS).

12
related to mass and energy balance by
using
Equation of state