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CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

1.0

COURSE INFORMATION

COURSE NAME

COURSE CODE

:

PROGRAM

:

SEMESTER

:

CREDIT HOURS :

CONTACT HOURS :

COURSE STATUS :

PRE-REQUISITE :

LECTURER

:

EMEL

:

CONTACT NO.

:

:

SIMULATION

CHE243

EH110

3

4

7

CORE

NIL

MOHD ZAKI BIN SUKOR

mdzaki@johor.uitm.edu.my

07-381 0000 / Ext: 8525

012-7573488

2.0

SYNOPSIS

This course is educates students to identify, formulate and solve mass and energy

balance problems based on the concept of conservation of mass and energy as the

fundamental tool of engineering analysis. Some of the topics covered in this course

are systems of units and dimensions, material balances for process with and without

chemical reaction, gases and vapors, saturation, energy concept and balances, physical

and chemical heat effects and the use of steam tables. Application of simulation

software (HYSIS) in solving the mass and energy balances is also introduced.

3.0

COURSE OUTCOME

Upon completion of this module, students are expected to be able to:

1.

Explain the fundamental concept of material and energy balances.

2.

Apply the basic engineering calculation related to process variables and

chemical process principle for the operation of process units or processes

units.

3.

Formulate the material and energy balance to solve chemical process

problems.

4.

Construct mass and energy balances equations necessary to solve non-reactive

and reactive systems by computer simuation software (HYSIS).

4.0

METHODS OF INSTRUCTION

Lecture and tutorial

Lecture

:

Tutorial and laboratory session

:

4 hrs/wk

3 hrs/wk

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

5.0

LESSON PLAN

WEEK

DURATION

1-2

36

78

CHAPTER

ACTIVITIES

Chapter 1: Introduction

Units and Dimensions

Dimensional Equations and

Lecture & Tutorial

Consistency

Read Textbook pp 8 Concept of Mass, Volume,

22

Flowrate, Composition,

Read Textbook pp 42

Concentration, Pressure and

- 63

Temperature

Chapter 2: Material Balance for

Non-Reactive Systems

Lecture & Tutorial

Definition and types of processes,

Operation and System

Read Textbook Sec. 4.1

Fundamental of Material Balance - Sec. 4.5

for Steady State

Flow Chart, Flow Chart Scaling,

Quiz 1

Basis of Calculations and Degree

of Freedom (DOF)

Assignment 1

Material Balance Calculation on

Single-Unit Process and MultipleUnit Processes

Recycle and Bypass Calculations

Chapter 3: Materials Balance for

Simple Reactive Systems

Lecture & Tutorial

Chemical Reaction Stoichiometry

Limiting & Excess Reactants, Read Textbook Sec. 4.6

Fractional Conversion & Extent of - Sec. 4.8

Reaction, Yield & Selectivity

Multiple Reactions, Yield &

Quiz 2

Seectivity

Balances on Reactive Process

Atomic

Species

Balance COMMON TEST 1

Method

(Chapter 1-2)

Extent of Reaction Method

Overall & Single-Pass Conversions

and Purging

Combustion Reaction

Theoretical & Excess Air

Material

Balances

on

Combustion Reaction

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

9 11

12 13

14

6.0

Reactive System

Energy Balance on Closed System

Read Textbook Sec

and Open System at Steady State

Reference States, State Properties

8.1a 8.4c

and Steam Tables for H2O System

Review

Textbook

Sec. 7.1-7.6

Procedure for Energy Balance

Calculations involving H2O System

Reference States and Hypothetical

Quiz 3

Process Path for Other Systems

Changes in pressure at constant

temperature

Changes in temperature, Sensible

heat and heat capacity

Changes in Phase and latent heat

Procedure for Energy Balance

Calculations

Chapter 5: Energy Balance for Lecture & Tutorial

Read Textbook Sec

Reactive System

Heat of Reaction

9.5a

Formation Reactions and Heats of

Formation

Heat of Combustion

Energy Balance on Reactive

Assignment 2

Processes

Heat of Reaction Method

TEST 2 (Chapter 3 -5)

Heat of Formation Method

Chapter 6: Starting with HYSYS

Starting with HYSYS

Simulation Basis Manager

Fluid Package Selection

Thermodynamic Model Selection

Simulation Environment and

Adding Material Streams

Equation of State with HYSYS

HYSYS Simulation on Reactions

and Reactors

ASSESSMENT

Tests/Quizzes/Assignments/Laboratory

Project

Final Examination

: 30%

: 10%

: 60%

HYSYS: An

Introduction to Chemical

Engineering Simulation

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

7.0

GRADING SCALE

A+

A

AB+

B

BC+

90-100

80-89

75-79

70-74

65-69

60-64

55-59

C

CD+

D

E

F

50-54

47-49

44-46

40-43

30-39

0-29

8.0

i)

Felder, R. M.,Rousseau R.W. (2005). Elementary Principle of Chemical

Processes (3rd ed.). John Wiley and Sons Publ.

ii)

Mohd. Kamaruddin, A. H. (2007). HYSYS : An Introduction to Chemical

Engineering Simulation. Skudai: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Publication.

9.0

REFERENCES

i)

Himmelblau, D. M. and Riggs, J. B. (2004). Basic Principles and Calculations

in Chemical Engineering. (7th ed.). Prentice Hall Publ.

ii)

McCabe, W. L., Smith, J. C. and Harriot, P. (2005). Unit Operations of

Chemical Engineering (7th ed.) New York: Mc Graw-Hill.

iii)

Murphy, R. M.. (2007). Introduction to Chemical Processes: Principles,

Analysis and Synthesis. New York: McGraw-Hill.

10.0

OTHER INFORMATION/DETAILS

PREPARED BY:

SIGNATURE:

APPROVED BY:

SIGNATURE:

POSITION: LECTURER

DATE: 7 JUNE 2015

POSITION: COORDINATOR

DIPLOMA OF CHEMICAL

ENGINEERING

DATE : 7 JUNE 2015

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

COURSE CODE

COURSE NAME

CREDIT HOURS

PO1

PO2

PO3

PO4

PO5

PO6

PO7

PO8

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY BALANCE

AND SIMULATION

4

PROGRAM

PREPARED BY

EH110

NUR SHAHIDAH BINTI AB AZIZ

DATE

8 JUNE 2014

Program Outcomes

Ability to acquire and apply the knowledge of basic sciences, mathematics and engineering fundamentals to solve basic chemical

engineering problems

Ability to conduct experiments, collect, analyzes and interprets data.

Ability to recognize the importance of safety, health and the environment including sustainable development

Ability to recognize the importance of professional ethics.

Ability to communicate effectively as an individual or in a group

Ability to assist in undertaking problem identification, formulation and solution in engineering

Ability to recognize the need of life-long learning and acquire the capacity to do so.

Ability to recognize the importance of the entrepreneurship in engineering related business

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

COURSE OUTCOMES

PO1

PO2

6

Program Outcomes

PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6

PO7

PO8

INSTRUCTIONAL

METHOD

(CO1)

Apply the methods of calculating variables

Lectures

which characterize the operations of the process

2

3

Tutorials

unit or processes units in order to solve the

unknowns that relate to these variables.

(CO2)

Identify the known information about process

Lectures

variables, set up material balance equation and

1

1

3

Tutorials

solve the unknown variables using this equation

for non-reactive and reactive systems.

(CO3)

Identify the known information about process

Lectures

variables, set up energy balance equation and

2

1

3

Tutorials

solve the unknown variables using this equation

for non-reactive and reactive systems.

(CO4)

Construct mass and energy balances equations

Lectures

necessary to solve non-reactive and reactive

2

Hands on exercises

systems by computer simulation software

(HYSYS)

Numbers Indicator: 3 Strongly emphasized, 2 Moderately emphasized, 1 Slightly emphasized

ASSESSMENT

Quiz, Test,

Examination

Quiz, Test,

Assignment,

Examination

Quiz, Test,

Assignment,

Examination

Laboratory

works

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

Week

1-2

3-6

Chapter/content

Course outcome

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Units and

Dimension

1.2 Dimensional

Equations and

Consistency

1.3 Concept of Mass,

Volume, Flowrate,

Composition ,

Concentration and

Temperature

1.3 Properties of Gases

and Vapours

(CO1)

Ability to apply the methods

of

calculating variables which

characterize the operations

of the

process unit or processes

units in order to solve the

unknowns that relate to

these variables.

-Convert a quantity expressed in one

set of unit into its equivalent in other

dimensionally consistent units using

conversion factor table.

- Identify the units commonly used in

SI,

CGS and American Engineering units.

- Perform the concept of dimensional

homogeneity of equations.

- Explain the concepts and solve the

problems related to the mass, volume,

flow rate, composition, concentration,

pressure and temperature.

CHAPTER 2

MATERIAL

BALANCE FOR

NON-REACTIVE

SYSTEMS

2.1 Definition and

types of processes,

(CO2)

Ability to identify the

known information

about process variables set

up material

balance equation and solves

the

unknown variables using

this equation

for non-reactive and reactive

systems

- Explain the process classifications,

DOF

(Degree of Freedom), recycle, bypass,

purge, fractional conversion, limiting

and excess reactants, yield and

selectivity, dry and wet basis

Instructional

method

Lectures

Tutorials

Lecture

Tutorials

Assessment

Quiz

Test

Examination

Quiz

Test

Assignment

Examination

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

7-8

2.2 Fundamental of

Material Balances for

steady state

2.3 Flow Chart, Flow

Chart Scaling,

Basis of Calculations

and Degree of

Freedom (DOF).

2.4 Material Balance

Calculation on

SingleUnit Process

and Multiple

Unit Processes

2.5 Recycle and

Bypass Calculations

CHAPTER 3

MATERIAL

BALANCE FOR

SIMPLE REACTIVE

SYSTEM

3.1 Chemical Reaction

Stoichiometry

3.2 Limiting and

Excess reactant,

Fractional Conversion

8

composition, theoretical and

percent of excess air, complete and

incomplete combustion.

- Explain the fundamental of material

balance.

- Analyze the problems given, draw

the flowchart, identify scaling factor

and basis of calculation, identify subsystem for multiples unit process,

perform DOF analysis, write the

equations to calculate

the specified process variables and

perform the calculations for single

unit processes, multiple unit

processes, recycle, bypass, and purge

systems.

- Identify the molecular species

balances, atomic species balances and

extent of reaction method to solve the

chemical reactive problems.

- Analyze and solve problems related

to

combustion system.

Lectures

Tutorials

Quiz

Test

Assignment

Examination

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

3.3 Multiple Reaction,

Yield and selectivity

3.4 Balances on

Reactive Processes

3.4.1 Atomic Species

Balance Method

3.4.2 Extent of

Reaction Method

3.5 Overall & Single

Pass Conversion

and Purging

3.6 Combustion

Reaction

3.6.1 Theoretical &

Excess Air

3.6.2 Material

Balances on

Combustion Reaction

9-11

CHAPTER 4

ENERGY

BALANCE FOR

NON-REACTIVE

SYSTEM

4.1 Energy Balances

(CO3)

Ability Identify the known

information

about process variables, set

up energy

balance equation and solve

Explain the internal energies,

enthalpies, Heat capacity at constant

volume and pressure, heat of fusion,

heat of vaporization and heat of

Lecture

Tutorials

Quiz

Test

Assignment

Examination

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

on Closed System

and Open System at

Steady

4.2 Reference States,

State Properties

and Steam Tables for

H2O System

4.3 Procedure for

Energy Balance

Calculations Involving

H2O System

4.4 Reference States

and Hypothetical

Process Path for Other

Systems

4.5 Changes in

Pressure at Constant

Temperature

4.6 Changes in

Temperature, Sensible

Heat and Heat

Capacities

4.7 Changes in Phase

and Latent Heat

4.8 Procedure for

Energy Balance

10

the

solution.

unknown variables using

Calculate changes of enthalpies and

this equation

internal energies for given problems.

for non-reactive and reactive

Explain the concept of reference

systems.

state and hypothetical of process path.

Able to perform the energy balance

calculation.

Analyze and solve the problems

related to the changes in pressure at

constant

temperature, changes in temperature

and

changes in phase.

Explain the dry-bulb temperature,

absolute humidity, relative humidity,

dew point, humid volume, wet-bulb

temperature, specific enthalpy of

saturated air and enthalpy deviation.

Determine the information from the

psychometric chart.

Explain the concept of the mixing

and

solution.

Solve the problems related to the

mixing and solution.

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

12-13

14

Calculations

CHAPTER 5

ENERGY

BALANCE FOR

REACTIVE

SYSTEM

5.1 Heats of Reaction

5.2 Formation

Reactions and Heats

of Formation

5.3 Heats of

Combustion

5.4 Energy Balances

on Reactive

Processes

5.4.1 Heat of Reaction

Method

5.4.2 Heat of

Formation Method

CHAPTER 6

STARTING WITH

HYSIS

2.1 Starting with

HYSYS

2.2 Simulation Basis

Manager

(CO4)

Construct mass and energy

balances

equations

necessary to solve nonreactive

and

reactive

systems

by

computer

simuation

software

11

Explain the concepts of heat of

reaction, heat of formation, Hesss

Law, heat of combustion.

Analyze and solve the problems

related to the energy balance for the

reactive system

Lectures

Tutorials

Quiz

Test

Assignment

Examination

Identify the basic tool and

familiarize the HYSYS simulation

interface

Understand the basic concepts of

simulation using HYSIS

Analyze and solve the problems

Lectures

Tutorials

Hands On

Exercises

Project

LESSON PLAN

CHE243

MATERIALS AND ENERGY

BALANCE AND SIMULATION

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PAGE

Selection

2.4 Thermodynamic

Model Selection

2.5 Simulation

environment and

Adding

Material Streams

6.6 Equation of State

with HYSIS

6.7 HYSYS

Simulation on

Reactions and

Reactors.

(HYSIS).

12

related to mass and energy balance by

using

Equation of state

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