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Issue 2.1

en-GB

Storing chassis and components

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

Contents

Contents

Beware of the following

Changes in the properties of materials ..................... 3

Corrosion

Influencing environmental factors............................ 4

Action plan for complete chassis

Storage for up to 6 months ....................................... 5


Repeat every 3 weeks ............................................... 6
Storage for more than 6 months ............................... 7
Repeat every 6 months ............................................. 8

Action plan for components

Storing components .................................................. 9


Diesel engine with complete fuel and cooling
system ..................................................................... 10
Engine without fuel and cooling system ................ 12
Taking the engine back into service after longterm storage ............................................................ 13
Batteries.................................................................. 14
SCR system ............................................................ 14
Cooling system ....................................................... 14

Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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Beware of the following

Beware of the
following
These instructions can be applied when storing
vehicles, chassis or components for a period of
a few months up to several years. For longer
storage periods, full preservation should be
carried out.
When storing these items it is important to take
measures to prevent damage to chassis and
bodywork during storage. A stored chassis is
subject to several types of negative influence
that must be counteracted.
When chassis and engines fitted with SCR
system are to be stored, special measures must
be taken, see instructions in the section SCR
system.

Changes in the properties


of materials

The greatest problem during storage is


corrosion. Most metal components corrode
unless they are protected.

Some additives in oils etc. can oxidise.


However, this problem varies depending
on the type of oil.

Fabric and rubber components can dry out.

Batteries can discharge and suffer


permanent damage. For more information,
refer to the section Batteries.

Components under load can deform, for


example tyres, spring brake chambers and
brake drums.

Some fluids such as reductant, coolant and


fuel are perishable and deteriorate in
quality over time.

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

Corrosion

Corrosion
One condition for corrosion is that there is
oxygen and water in the vicinity. Both oxygen
and water can be found in air in the form of
water vapour. Warm air takes up more water
vapour than cold air. When warm air is cooled
down, water vapour condenses and the water is
precipitated.
Corrosion is an electrochemical reaction
between a material and the surrounding
environment. The term corrosion is normally
used to refer to attacks on metals, but also
applies to plastics, paintwork, rubber etc. (Rust
is only the corrosion of steel.)
Condensation combined with air pollution
results in a sharp increase in the rate of
corrosion. Thus the outdoor storage location is
of great significance for the rate of corrosion.
In desert climates the rate of corrosion is very
low. It is higher in industrial areas with high
atmospheric humidity and high levels of air
pollution.

Influencing environmental
factors
Climate
Corrosion and other changes in the properties
of materials vary depending on the climate in
which the chassis is stored.
The importance of temperature is especially
great at a relative atmospheric humidity of
between 65% and 85%. The air humidity varies
with fluctuations in temperature.
A relative atmospheric humidity of 55% or
more, together with a rise in temperature and
high levels of air pollution, will result in a
sharp increase in corrosion. The growth of
mould and microorganisms will also increase.

Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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Action plan for complete chassis

Action plan for complete chassis


Storage for up to
6 months
Before storage
1 Warm up the engine to at least 80C.
2 Drain the pressure tanks and renew the fuel
filter.
3 Fill the fuel tanks, otherwise condensation
can form in the tanks.

Additional for the storage of a


used vehicle
Painting instructions can be found in booklet
00-04:02.
1 Wash the vehicle very carefully.
2 Change the engine oil.

4 Seal air intakes and exhaust pipes.

3 Renew oil, air and fuel filters.

5 Remove the batteries or disconnect the


battery negative terminals. Ensure that they
are fully-charged (does not apply to dry
charged batteries).

4 Clean the centrifugal oil cleaner, see the


Workshop Manual for instructions.

6 Close windows and doors. Cover the


ventilation system air intake.
7 If possible choose a storage site with
protection from precipitation and sunlight,
preferably indoors.

5 Drain the cooling system and fill with a


50/50 mixture of clean drinking water and
BASF Glysantin G40-91.
6 Lubricate the chassis and check the levels
of lubricating oil and grease.
7 Top up the corrosion protection of the cab.

8 If the chassis cannot be protected against


sunlight, cover the tyres and light coloured
plastic components.

8 Top up the corrosion protection of the


frame. Spray or brush it on, particularly on
edges, corners and screw joints.

9 Lubricate the link yoke between the brake


slack adjuster and brake chamber.

9 Zinc plated components need their


corrosion protection topped up.
10 Apply corrosion protection to the terminals
in the central fuse unit.
11 Touch-up any paintwork damage.

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

Action plan for complete chassis

Repeat every 3 weeks


1 Check the battery voltage.
IMPORTANT! If the battery is connected it
must be under absolutely no load for at least
24 hours before checking the voltage.
2 Charge both batteries if the voltage in
either of them is below 12.6 V.
3 Renew the batteries if the voltage in either
of them is below 12.4 V when fully
charged. Always renew both batteries at
the same time.

Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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Action plan for complete chassis

Storage for more than


6 months
The procedures for storage lasting more than
6 months are the same as for shorter storage
periods, with the following addition.
If the vehicle is to be stored for more than
6 months, pure high quality diesel must be
used. The diesel must also contain cleaning
additives to prevent deposits from forming.
The additive to be used should be discussed
with the diesel supplier.

IMPORTANT!

The diesel used during storage must be entirely


free of biodiesel. Even a small admixture of
biodiesel can have an adverse effect. Biodiesel
should never be used for storage of longer than
6 months since its decomposition forms acids
which increase the risk of corrosion. Deposits
can also form in the engine. Biodiesel is a more
hygroscopic fluid than normal diesel, which
increases the risk that microorganisms will be
formed.

Additional before storage for


more than 6 months
1 Support the vehicle on stands, see the
Workshop Manual for instructions.
Support vehicles with air suspension with
chocks between the frame and axle
housing.
2 Top up the corrosion protection. Spray or
brush it on, particularly on edges, corners
and screw joints.
3 Unscrew the release bolts in the parking
brake chambers.

WARNING!

The parking brake is now inoperative.


The truck has no operational brakes
because the brake system is
depressurised.

IMPORTANT! Mark on the steering wheel and


axle stands that the vehicle has no operational
brakes.

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

Action plan for complete chassis

Repeat every 6 months


(Every 3 months if the chassis is stored in a
dry, heated location.)
1 Remove the seal on air intakes and exhaust
pipes.
2 Warm up the engine to at least 80C.
3 Support the vehicle on stands. Engage one
gear at a time and allow the transmission to
work for a short period while running the
engine at operating temperature.
4 Engage and disengage the differential lock
several times.
5 Trucks with a trailing axle hoist: Raise and
lower the trailing axle hoist.
6 With the vehicle supported on stands: Turn
the front wheels to the end positions a
couple of times.
7 Depress the brake pedal several times.
8 Depress the clutch pedal several times.
9 Start the air conditioning.
10 Rotate the wheels a few turns.
11 Raise and lower the cab.
12 Check all electrically controlled systems.
13 Check whether the chassis or components
have been attacked by rust. Fix the rust if
this is the case.
14 Drain the pressure tanks.
15 Fill the fuel tanks, otherwise condensation
can form in the tanks.
16 Seal air intakes and exhaust pipes.
17 Remove the batteries or disconnect the
battery negative terminals. Ensure that they
are fully-charged (does not apply to dry
charged batteries).
18 Close windows and doors. Cover the
ventilation system air intake.
19 Lubricate the link yoke between the brake
slack adjuster and brake chamber.

Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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Action plan for components

Action plan for components


Storing components
Engines and other components should be stored
indoors in warm and dry premises, protected
from precipitation and sunlight.
Normally, an engine can be stored for up to
6 months indoors and 3 months outdoors
without any special measures. This is provided
that the engine is run with the Scania
recommended oil, coolant and fuel before
storage.
New exchange engines direct from the factory
can be stored without any precautions for up to
3 years. However, the only condition is that the
engine is stored, packed correctly, indoors.

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

Action plan for components

Diesel engine with complete fuel


and cooling system
This method applies to storage for up to
3 years. If the engine is to be stored longer, the
procedure must be repeated every 3 years.
For engines that can be started, an alternative
storage method can also be used. The
alternative method assumes that the engine will
be started and warmed up every 6 months and
is suitable for all fuel types, see Action plan for
complete chassis.
1 Wash a previously used engine carefully.
2 Drain the cooling system and fill with a
50/50 mixture of clean drinking water and
preservative coolant BASF Glysacorr
P113.
3 Fill up the fuel tank with pure high quality
diesel. The diesel must also contain
cleaning additives to prevent deposits from
forming. The additive to be used should be
discussed with the diesel supplier to make
sure that they are both fully compatible
with one another.

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IMPORTANT!

The diesel used during storage must be entirely


free of biodiesel. Even a small admixture of
biodiesel can have an adverse effect during
long-term storage. Biodiesel should never be
used for storage of longer than 6 months since
its decomposition forms acids which increase
the risk of corrosion. Deposits can also form in
the engine. Biodiesel is also a more
hygroscopic fluid than normal diesel, which
increases the risk that microorganisms will be
formed.

4 Warm up the engine to at least 80C.


5 Drain the oil from the engine.
6 Fit new fuel, air and oil filters.
7 Clean the centrifugal oil cleaner.
8 Fill the engine with Scania LDF engine oil.

Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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Action plan for components

9 Start the engine and run it at about


1,000 rpm for 20-25 minutes.
10 Seal air intakes and exhaust pipes.
11 Spray the starter motor and alternator with
moisture-repellent oil CRC 226, LPS1 or
similar.
12 Uncoated exterior engine parts should be
preserved first with a penetrating oil of
type DINITROL 25B and then with
DINITROL 112 or similar products.
13 Lubricate other moving parts.
14 Mark the engine with the storage
preparation date, and state that the engine
must not be started or cranked. The
marking must be positioned in a clearly
visible location.
15 Pack the engine in a sealed plastic bag to
reduce the impact of external factors such
as air humidity etc.

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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Action plan for components

Engine without complete fuel and


cooling system
This method applies to storage for up to
3 years. If the engine is to be stored longer, the
procedure must be repeated every 3 years.
1 Drain the cooling system and fill with a
50/50 mixture of clean drinking water and
preservative coolant BASF Glysacorr
P113. Where it is not possible to fill with
preservative coolant, inlets and outlets
should be sealed.
2 Drain the oil from the engine.
3 If the engine has previously been used, the
oil filter must be renewed and the
centrifugal oil cleaner cleaned.
4 Fill the engine with preservative oil
DINITROL 40 to the lowest mark on the
oil dipstick.
5 Oil the valve mechanism generously with
preservative oil DINITROL 40.
6 Drain the preservative oil from the engine
before storage.
7 Seal air intakes and exhaust pipes.
8 Spray the starter motor and alternator with
moisture-repellent oil CRC 226, LPS1 or
similar.
9 Uncoated exterior engine parts should be
preserved first with a penetrating oil of
type DINITROL 25B and then with
DINITROL 112 or similar products.
10 Mark the engine with the storage
preparation date and with text indicating
that the engine must not be started or
cranked. The marking must be positioned
in a clearly visible location.
11 Pack the engine in a sealed plastic bag to
reduce the impact of external factors such
as air humidity etc.

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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Action plan for components

Taking the engine back into


service after long-term storage
1 Remove the seals on air intakes and
exhaust pipes.
2 Drain the cooling system and top up the
engine with its normal coolant.
3 Drain the oil from the engine and renew the
oil filter.
4 Lubricate the valve mechanism, pushrods
and injection mechanism well using the
engine's normal engine oil.
5 Top up the engine with its normal engine
oil to the normal level on the oil dipstick.
6 Bleed the fuel system.
7 Wash off any preservative oil from
external parts using white spirit.

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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Action plan for components

Batteries

SCR system

Batteries are perishable. They can discharge by


themselves. Discharge will take place more
quickly the hotter the surrounding
environment.

The reductant in the SCR system is perishable


and may deteriorate in quality over time.

An incompletely charged battery can begin to


sulphate, causing permanent damage to the
battery. In order to avoid battery damage due to
sulphating, the charging level of batteries must
always be above the sulphating limit. A vehicle
battery begins to sulphate when the battery
charge drops below approximately 4050% of
its total capacity (Ah).

If the system is to be stored for more than


1 year, the reductant tank should be drained
and filled with distilled water instead.
Before putting the system back into operation,
drain the distilled water and top up with new
reductant.

Cooling system

In order to avoid shortening the service life of


the battery due to sulphating, the battery should
be connected to a battery charger with cyclic
charging.

The coolant in the cooling system is perishable


and can deteriorate in quality over time, so the
coolant should therefore be changed every
3 years.

Use battery charger 588 877 or similar when


storing batteries.

Even if antifreeze is not required for climate


reasons, plain water should never be used as
coolant.
Coolant should always consist of a 50/50
mixture of pure drinking water and BASF
Glysacorr P113 or BASF Glysantin G40-91
depending on the purpose.

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Scania CV AB 2012, Sweden

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