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Technical

Data

Engine
Number of cylinders
Bore/Stroke
Total displacement
Engine output acc. to SAE
Engine output acc. to DIN')
Max. torque acc. to SAE
Max. torque acc. to DIN')
Compression
Oil capacity crankcase max./min.
Capacity of cooling system
Generator
Battery
Max. speed
Tyres, tubeless
Fuel
Fuel consumption acc. to DIN 70030')
Tank capacity
incl. reserve
Weights
Kerb weight
Permissible total weight
Trailer load with brake')
Trailer load without brake')

M ercedes-Benz 200 D

Morcodes -Benz 220 D

4
3.43/3.29 ins.
121 .3 cu. ins.
60 gr. H P/4,200 rpm
55 net b.h.p./4,200 rpm

4
3.43/3.64 ins.
134 cu. ins.
65 gr. HP/4,200 rpm
60 net b.h.p./4,200 rpm
96 It. lbs./2.400 rpm

87 It. lbs./2.400 rpm


83 ft. lbs./2.400 rpm
21
7 /4.4 Imp. pis.
18.8 Imp. pts.

93 ft. lbs./2.400 rpm


21
7/4.4 Imp. pis.
18.8 Imp. pts.
14V/35 A
12V/88Ah
approx. 84 mph.

14V/ 35A
12V/ 66Ah
approx. 81 mph.
6.95-14/175-14/4 PR
Diesel
35 m.p. Imp. gal.
14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 2 Imp. gals.

6.95-14 / 175-14/4 PR
Diesel
33 m.p. Imp. gal.
14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 2 Imp. gals.

3.000 lbs.
4,145 lbs.
2,645 lbs.
1,575 lbs.

3,020 lbs.
4,165 lbs.
2,645 lbs.
1,5go lbs.

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') The output given in net b.h.p/ DIN


is effectively available at the clutch for driving the vehicle,
as any other power consumption
has already been deducted.
Output data given in gr. HP/SAE
include the power used for operating auxiliary units
not required to operate the engine.

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2) Technical data acc. to DIN 70020 and 70030.

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The consumption values quoted are therefore calculated


under the same conditions and provide a real basis for
comparison.

c
A
B

However, they do not correspond to the actual amount of


tuel consumed, as this varies according to the way of driving,
road and climatic conditions etc.

D
E
F

Fuel consumption according to DIN 70030 is therefore only


a comparative value and not tho actual amount of fuel
consumed.

G
H
J
K
L

3) The weights quoted are maximum weights.


By reason of legal stipulations in various countries
outside the Federal Republik of Germany
other figures will apply.

') Dimensions vary acc. to sitting position.


The contents are not binding
and the right is reserved for modifications.

Overall height, unloaded


Overall width
Overall length
Wheelbase
Steering wheel - driver's seat backrest')
Seat height, unloaded front
Driver"s backrest- rear seat backrest')
Seat height at rear
Width at centre of upholstery, front

Width at shoulder height, front


Width at centre of upholstery, rear
M Width at shoulder height, rear
Track width, front
Track width, rear
Turning circle diameter
Boot space

56.7
69.7
184.5
108.3
13.4
37.8
32.1

ins.
ins.
ins.
ins.
ins.
ins.
ins.

34
ins.
58.7 ins.
55.5 ins.
58.5 ins.
55.3 ins.
56.85 ins.
56.69 ins.
35.6 ft.
approx. 20.5 cu. ft.

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Fuel consumption according to DIN 70030.


This value is obtained
at a consistent speed of 110 km/h
on a level road, plus 10%.
This method is used by all German automile manufacturers.

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Mercedes-Benz builds two cars with max im um comfort


yet greatest possible economy: the 200 D and the 220 D.
In construction they are exactly the same as t h e p etrol models,
but as far as economy i s co ncern ed they a re unbeatable,
even when compared with many conside rably small er ca rs,
which m o r eover offer a good deal l ess comfort and safety.
Mercedes-Benz were the fi rst to build diesel engines for passenger cars
and aft er 30 years o f development
h ave made them a n outstanding internation a l success.
In the course of this development
Mercedes-Benz has improved not only performance
but at the same time quietness and vibration level to a degree
which was not t h ought possible.
Mercedes-Benz bu ilds these cars for all those
who consider high average speeds, economic running costs,
maxim u m comfort and safety mo r e important
than high top speeds and accelerati o n .
The maximum speeds reached by t h e 200 D and 220 D,
130 and 135 km / h, are cruis ing speeds if you like over hundreds o f kilometers
without interruption and great physical strain ,
which cannot always be taken f or granted elsewher e:
The 200 D and 220 D are ca rs
w hic h offer a ll the known advantages o f M e rcedes-Benz passenger cars,
plus low fuel and insurance costs.

People buy Mercedes- Benz cars


because they are comfortab le and safe.
fast. rel iable and long lasting .
It is not just the sum
but above all the almost perfect combination of these qualities
which make Mercedes-Benz cars so remarkable.

Comfort

Mercedes-Benz passenger cars are


compact, but not constricted. They are
designed from the interior outwards. The
interior allows 5 or 6 people enough room to
move comfortably, while the outside
measurements permit good handling in traffic.
Mercedes-Benz passenger cars are easily
manceuvrable.
Seat s
Mercedes-Benz passenger cars make sure t he
driver's reactions are not impaired by
incorrectly shaped seats. The seats are
anatomically contoured with firm lateral
support. The seat springing is coordinated to
the vehicle suspension. Both seat springing and
vehicle suspension are equally effective at all
speeds. Mercedes- Benz make firm seats and
cush io ns to support the body. The semiflut ing separated by double seams with a
special fill ing, and rubberized hair mat
guarantees that the seats are ventilated and
that any moisture is absorbed. The position of
the driver in relation to the steering wheel is
anatomically correct.

Efficient heating and ventilation


system, infinitely variable for warm and
cold air up and down and to the right or
the left. Above this:
large, adjustable fresh air duct.

This is a boon on long journeys.


The front seat backrests can be reclined .
The passengers in the rear have ample legroom
even when the two front seats are pushed
right back.

flow can be adjusted to any degree. Even when


the outside temperature is as low as - 20 C
it is possible to heat the interior to over 25 C.

H eating a nd ventilat ion


are combined in a highly effective system by
which direction and temperature of the air

C hassis
The tailor-made Mercedes-Benz diagonal
swing axle is just right for compact bodywork
and ensures that suspension is neither too hard
nor too soft. Fatiguing vibrations are eliminated
even on long runs.
The bumps in the road are ironed out by the
rubber mountings of the axle supports and are
not passed on to the body.
The front axle has an anti-dive control.
Anti -roll bars eliminate unpleasant side tilt in
bends.

Contoured seats
with infinitely adjustable backrest
(reclining seats),

Hydraulic gas-filled telescopic shock absorbers


(de Carbon system) guarantee constant effect
even under heavy load. The non -friction
mechanism makes the Mercedes-Benz
circulating ball-type steering extremely light
and positive. Movements of the steering wheel
are therefore transferred directly and precisely
to the front wheels. This gives a direct contact
with the road, making for safe driving, even on
wet and icy surfaces. The steering damper
absorbs bumps in the road without transferring
them to the steering wheel.

Bodywork
Some smaller automobiles cannot be parked as
easily as a Mercedes- Benz. The outside
measurements of Mercedes-Benz passenger
cars permit easy handling in traffic.
They have four large doors and a spacious,
easily accessible lighted boot.
Axles and bodywork are separated by rubber
mountings.
Engine and passenger compartments are
hermetically shut off from each other.
This makes Mercedes-Benz passenger cars
practically free of vibrations and very quiet.
Mercedes- Benz pays no attention to showy
interior fittings. Non-dazzle materials are better
than optical effects.
Oddments tray, illuminated glove compartment,
pockets on the front doors, large rear window
shelf, four padded arm rests, armrests between
the rear seats, tough carpeting - these are just
a few examples of what Mercedes- Benz means
by functional comfort.
Mercedes- Benz passenger cars have that
"special something" in comfort, overall view
and ease which will become indispensable for
the driver.

The way
the dust and draught-free
c ontinuous ventilation works.

The outside measurements, large


wheel locking angle, and all round view
permit easy handling in traffic.

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The chassis can cope with all speeds,


as shown in test drives on the proving
ground. Here a slalom test. Although the
direction is changed abruptly, the driver
retains full command of the vehicle.

Safety

You can talk about safety, you can lavishly


apply rubber padd ings, or you can attack the
problem of safety at the roots.
The latter way is trying and expensive, but more
responsible, although the results of serious
safety research cannot be immediately seen.

The dua l c ircuit servo-assisted


braking system
has all-round disc-brakes which can be
subjected to continuous stress, are effectively
cooled, self- adjusting and ensure uniform
braking without swerving. Warning light
indicates failure of a brake circuit.

In a single year of testing Mercedes-Benz drove


80 brand new passenger cars on to the scrap
heap in the most varied ways, in order to track
down certain problems.
After many series of tests, for example,
Mercedes- Benz developed an instrument panel
which yields in stages depending on the force
of impact, thus largely eliminating serious
injuries.
Foam padding alone is obviously the least
important part of the Mercedes- Benz
instrument panel protection.
The Mercedes-Benz safety cell was developed
in countless crash tests in the course of
systematic and scientific safety research.
Mercedes-Benz does not rely on the reduc ed
rig idity in the front and rear sections, which can
be expected to absorb energy.
The decisive factor is for the maximum amou nt
of impact to be absorbed in distorting the
bodywork, while the passenger compartment
remains rigid and is undamaged.
In issue 4/1969, the German motor magazine
"auto motor und sport" writes:
Expiry o f 'crumple' patent
"On January 23rd 1969 a piece of car safety
became legally accessible to all automobile
manufacturers. This was the expiry date for the
Mercedes- Benz patent on safety structure for
car bodies, which involved a distortion resistent passenger cell and progressively
yielding crumple zones at the front and rear of
the car.
This safety structure was rapidly recognized by
other automobile manufacturers as the best yet
developed. It has been imitated for years all
over the world.
In this instance t he firm of Daimler-Benz
generously overlooked infringements of patent
rights, in order not to curb the others' safety
efforts.
In Unterturkheim they know in any case that
although the crumple principle is easy to
understand it is very difficult to put into
practice. Even Mercedes- Benz needed years
of development work before it could give the
kind of perfect crash and crumple
demonstration already seen on several
occasions in Unterturkheim by the press and

The parking brake


with extra brake shoes and brake drums.
And much more
Anatomically correct driving position
eliminates fatigue and keeps driver's reflexes
intact. firmly anchored "breathable" seats are
contoured to provide lateral support, seat
springs and vehicle suspension are perfectly
tuned.
Diagram showing the distortion
principle: rigid passenger compartment
but energy-absorbi ng collapsible front
and rear section .

Steering damper absorbs road jolts, rubber


mountings on t he axle supports absorb
unevennesses in the road, gas-filled
telescopic shock absorbers guarantee constant
effect.

hence by the public too. With the expiry of the


patent this safety structure will now probably
be found more often in the advertising
campaigns of competitors."
Mercedes- Benz safety is a system based on
scientific research. Its individual elements are
all interdependent.
It is a system which is forever being extended
and perfected. Here are just a few examples:
The Mercedes-Benz safety door
locks
will not suddenly burst open in an accident
(hence prevent passengers being flung out),
and do not jam if the doors have to be opened
quickly after an accident.
The safety steering
has a large padded boss on the centre of the
steering wheel with an impact absorber under
the padded boss, and a collapsible steering
column with the steering box located well
behind the front axle. This avoids the
dangerous "impaling" effect of the steering
column in a crash.
Straight line stabil ity
and reliable road holdi ng - a result of
individual suspension and separate location are indispensable factors in driving safety.
Anti-roll bars on the front and rear axles
eliminate unpleasant side-tilt in corners.

Steering without "impaling" effect.


Steering column telescopic under
impact.
Impact absorber under the large padded
boss on the steering wheel.
The impact absorber
has been patented.

Four large disc brakes, dual-circuit


servo-assisted hydraulic system.

Clearly recognizabl e:
the strong pin of the safety door locks.
This is yet another of the Mercedes- Benz
patented features.
Today Mercedes-Benz' i ntensive
resea rch g oes b eyond the automo bile
proper.
The second decisive factor tested is man and
his rea ctions.
Mercedes- Benz sends its vehicles on to the
test track with unprepared drivers at the wheel.
Specialists simulate hazards not expected by
the driver. All reactions are registered. From the
total of certain reactions it is possible to
calculate the average reaction of t he average
driver.
T he experience gained is then put into
practice to obtain even better designs.

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Maximum comfort on long journeys


and unique economy
are the strongest points of the MercedesBenz passenger car with diesel engine.

Economy

Jn 1~;:so IVlercedes-tsenz built the t1rst


diesel-driven passenger car in the world, the
260 D.
In 1949the170 D
In 1954 the 180 D
In 1958 the 190 D
In 1965 the 200 D
and we have been building the new 200 D and
the 220 D since 1968.

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To date we have built a total of 700000 dieseldriven cars.


In order to find out exact running costs, the
diesel engine was subjected to long-distance
test runs.
Here is the resu lt of a rally
Five independent teams (each consisting of 3
people plus luggage) started from Stuttgart in a
200 D on a journey to Lisbon, Syracuse,
Istanbul, Moscow and Rovaniemi on the Arctic
Circle. They all had a motoring experience
unsurpassed in comfort and economy.
Despite varying conditions - climate, roads,
quality of fuel etc. - the fuel consumption was
as follows:
Stuttgart-Lisbon and back (6,012 km)
9.34 liters per 100 km
Stuttgart-Syracuse and back ( 4,714 km)
9.04 liters per 100 km
Stuttgart- Istanbul and back (5, 134 km)
8.71 liters per 100 km
Stuttgart- Moscow and back (6,576 km)
9.38 liters per 100 km
Stuttgart-Rovaniemi and back (6,234 km)
9.24 liters per 100 km
Unfortunately one repair on the 28,600 km
journey was unavoidable. A tyre burst.
The consumption figures could not be achieved
by any other car of the same size.
Even the 220 D does not consume much more
fuel and oil than the 200 D, despite the 10%
hig.her output.
The reasons for this extremely
low fuel consumption
Mercedes- Benz diesel engines are equipped
with an automatic phasing adjustment. Fuel is
injected only at the best possible moment.
The high compression ratio of 21 : 1 produces a
very good degree of thermal efficiency. (This
compression ratio is impossible with petrol
engines). The amount of fue l injected is put to
better use.

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One tank full ...


you can see for yourself on the map
how far you c an go with it.

Both of the cars drive 30% further with one


tank filling (65 liters d iesel oil) than
comparable cars with petrol engines.
In the question of economy three other
important factors must be considered in
addition to the low consumption rates.
1. The minimum amount
of repairs needed
A pneumatic governor on the injection pump
limits the maximum engine speed. Thus the
engine cannot be overloaded even on very
long journeys at high speeds.
The engine works according to the MercedesBenz pre-chamber system, which has been
proved seven hundred thousand times.
The eng ine runs smoothly by means of special
throttle valves with pre-injection. The injection
system is maintenance free. There is no electric
ignition system.
2. T h e l ong life
78% of the diesel cars bought in the Federal
Republic of Germany since 1946 are still in use
today. Incredible perhaps, but true.
3. The h igh resal e value
The 200 D and 220 D fetch the undisputed
highest prices even as second-hand cars which
have already done many kilometers. Every
second - hand car buyer is on the look- out for
these robust, long lasting and extremely
economical cars.

The heart of the robust, economical


diesel engine: the i njection pump, which
meters the precise amount of fuel per
cylinder. It is maintenance free and
completely immune against splash water
and ice - as is the entire diesel system.

The Mercedes-Benz pre-chamber


system. Only this system ensures a
smooth combustion process.

Mercedes-Benz is reliable even in


extreme weather conditions.

Reliability

A reliable car is one which functions


perfectly and operates without trouble over a
long period of time.
Mercedes- Benz cars are reliable.
Seats, seat springs and door locks
have been successfully subjected to
continuous tests.
4 doors made to fit exactly
The deep thud when closing the doors is not
an accoustic gimmick, but a sign that the door
fits exactly. Mercedes - Benz employs experts
whose only job it is to check the measurements
of the doors.
All electrical units
( headlights, starter, dashboard lighting etc.)
are separat ely earthed, which is more
expensive, but also more reliable.
All parts
supplied by other firms are subjected to a strict
test again before being installed, although they
have already been inspected at the
manufacturers.
For example. a high percentage of every
delivery of rubber sleeves for the constantvelocity joints of the rear axle must undergo a
100 hout test in an oil bath. The batch is only
released for production when it has passed
this test.

Reliability is based on precision in


manufacture.
Every single cylinder bor e is measured
pneumatically.
Every single re ar axle
undergoes 4 different tests to see that it is tight
after it has been assembled.
Every engine, transmission and axle
is subjected to extensive test runs under
varying conditions. Only after they have
withstood their trials without any adverse
effects are they worthy of being installed in a
Mercedes- Benz.
Safety knob
The door is only shut properly if the arrester
knob for the door lock can be pushed down .

The seat suspension must coo rdinate


with that of the bodywork.
Only in this way
will the driver's well-being
be ensured in the long run.
Thorough tests guarantee this.

This is not absolutely necessary, but


it is safer and more reliable: Every
Mercedes-Benz engine block is painted
on the inside before assembly.
This means better cohesion of the cast
iron molecules.
When the engine is being run it is
impossible for particles to be loosened
and clog the oil ducts.
This costs money, and the purchaser
cannot see it.
It could of course be left out ... but
reliability?

Gas-filled double-action telescopic


s hock absorbers are a feature of all
Mercedes-Benz cars.
The gas pressure prevents the oil from
frothing and thus ensures constant
damping effect, even under extreme
c onditions.
Details which people do not usually talk
about and which are therefore included
o nly in a few standard cars.

In the question of paintwork no


research rnethods are too costly. Salt on
the road and chemicals in the air - only
the best paintwork can combat this.
The paintshops at Mercedes- Benz
correspond to the most up-to-date
research findings.

Lasting Value

Lasting value in an automobile means


that years of service do not detract to any great
extent from its value or, in other words, that a
high re-sale price is obtained. Mercedes- Benz
passenger cars are lasting in value.
V e hic le sha pe
Fashion will always attract certain purchasers.
Mercedes-Benz, however, cannot afford to go
alo ng wi th this trend. New models wi t h t he
three- pointed star o nly come on the market
w hen a g enuine technica l improvement has
been made.
For this reason Mercedes- Benz do not have
bodies which are attractive today and dull
tomorrow. They are modern but not mod ish.
The only shape which lasts for years is the
" right" one. It lasts a long time - as long as a
Mercedes-Benz.
Lasting value means that the quality of material
and workmanship must be equally high.
The paintwork
M ercedes- Benz passenger cars are g iven a
particularly hardw earing paint covering
(around 20 kg. per v ehicle).
After the applicat io n of phosphates and the
passivation, up to five coats are applied. These
are organically coordinated. First comes a
primer, then the second primer, followed by a
protective coating, then the basic coa ting, and
finally the special cover coat.

Sheet metal joints must be


scrupul o u sly c l ea n
All joints, no matter how small, are sealed on
the inside as well as the outside.
This is not only for the sake of appearance, but
to make sure that corrosive influences have no
chance whatsoever.
Mercedes- Benz model conti nuity
results in high resale prices, ma ximum
precision and reliability of manufacture.
Unc ompromis ing inspectors
15% of all personnel engaged in passenger car
production carry out control w ork.
They have to weed out everyt hing which does
not come up 100% to the qualit y standard
req uired. An import ant point: they really to do
this.
Service
M ercedes- Benz has over 3,700 service stations
in 162 countries w ith experienced specialists
who have frequent refresher courses given by
experts from t he plant. A reassuring feeling,
especially fo r ho liday trips.

The permanent undersea !


(around 14 kg. per vehicle) fo r the
undercarriage, the mudguards, t he sills and the
undersid e of the front section.
The extra protective w ax c o ating
for the engine compartment and t he whole
underside of t he vehicle, including axles, drive
shaft, fuel and brake lines.
Hollow parts whic h bec ome
i naccessible later are coated wi t h zinc paint
before assembling to prevent inside corrosion.
The ax le housings and engine block
are coated inside w ith a special heat and oilresistant paint developed accord ing t o t he
findings of the Mercedes-Benz research
laborat ory.

Important screws
are tested one by one by hand
at the end of the production line.
A coloured seal means:
test passed, released.

Every body shell is dipped in primer.


The protective coating covers inner part$
which are difficult to get at.

The vehicle's underfloor a d th


heel arches. In some places the best
a intwork is useless if it is damaged by
t ones. Here Mercedes-Benz passenger
a rs have an extra flexible plastic c oating
pplied as standard .

Basic Equip111ent

Axl es
Front axle: Axle support with double
wishbones and anti-dive control.
Rear axle: Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing axle.
Tra nsmission
Fully synchronized 4 -speed transmission with
steering column gear shift or floor shift, self
adjusting d iaphragm spring clutch.
Suspension
On front and rear axle two coil springs,
one anti-roll bar, two double action hydraulic
telescopic shock absorbers each.
Windscreen
W indscreen washer, foot operated with w iper
contact. 2-speed wind screen wipers, butterfly
type, operated by the combination switch on
the steering wheel.
Li ghting system
Parking light, assymetric low beam (dimmer) ,
high beam headlights, fog lamps, side marker
lights, reversing light. infinitely variable
instrument lighting, boot light, interior lights
with door contact and hand switch, lighting for
ashtray, glove compartment and heater knob.
Bra kes
Dual -circuit servo-assisted braking system,
all- round disc brakes, parking brake with
additional brake shoes and brake drums, indica tor lampforthefunctioning of both brake circuits.
Steering
Exact, light recirculating ball steering, steering
damper, large padded steering wheel boss,
impact absorber under the padded boss,
telescopically collapsible steering column,
steering box located far behind the front axle.
Bodywor k
Frame floor unit firmly welded to the body,
rigid, torsion resistant passenger compartment
(safety cell), energy absorbing front and rear
sections, optimal vision on all sides. panoramic
safety glass windows, four doors, easy to close,
rubber strips on both sides, bumpers with broad
rubber strips.
Seats
Seating anatomically contoured, firmly
anchored, shaped to give perfect hip support,
seat springing, vehicle suspension and sitting
position carefully tuned, front seats adjustable
forwards or backwards, plus backrest angle,
reclining seat fittings, on request bench seat
w ith firm, continuous backrest.

Instrument s
Instrument panel padded. yielding on impact.
speedometer, oil pressure gauge, fuel gauge,
cooling water temperature gauge, indicator
light for parking brake, for functioning of both
brake circuits. battery,
blinkers, high beam and fuel reserve, g low
plug control, electric clock, total mileage
counter, daily mileage counter.
Heating and ventilation
Continuous warm or cold air flow, dust and
draught-free, with additional blower for
windscreen, side windows, front and rear
legroom, air volume and air distribution for
warm and cold air, infinitely variable up and
down, heating separately controlled for rig ht
and left, right and left of the instrument panel
adjustable spherical vents for warm and cold
air, large fresh-air opening in the middle of the
instrument panel, infinitely variable adjJstment
to right and left.
Signalling system
Headlight fl asher, self-cancelling blinker,
operated by the combination switch on the
steering wheel. 2 high-frequency horns, brake
lights, warning blinker system.
Locks
Safety locks on all doors with a child- proof
locking system on the rear doors, boot lid lock,
steering wheel lock combined with glowing
and starting switch, master key for the doors,
steering wheel lock and boot, second key for
doors and steering wheel lock only.
Miscellaneous
Parcel tray between front se3ts, p:>ckets on the
front doors, glove compartment, rear win::low
shelf, rear view mirror, adjustable to anti-glare
position. padded sun visors on passenger side
w ith make-up mirror, grab handles on roof
frame, clothes hooks on grab handles,
padded armrests on doors, armrest between
re ar seats, cigar lighter, ashtrays at the front and
rear, anchor points for safety belts front and
re ar. carpeting, towing lug front and rear.

The contents are not binding and the right is


reserved for modifications.

Optional

The standard M ercedes-Benz passenger


cars are very well equipped and offer maximum
comfort.

M ercedes- Benz Power Steering


Mercedes- Benz power steering facilitates
driving. This becomes obvious when parking
and going round narrow bends. Hydraulic
equipment reduces the power required at the
wheel and the number of turns. In spite of
this, full ground contact is maintained in all
situations.

If you want to add to your Mercedes- Benz


according to your own w ishes and ideas, in
order to provide it with a personal note and an
individual atmosphere, you can order many
extras.

M ercedes- Benz Automatic


Optional with steering column gear shift or
floor shift.
You can drive at different speeds according to
the traffic fl ow without having to change gear
or operate the clutch. When overtaking you
only need to "kick down" the accelerator into
what is called the forced throttle position in
order to obtain the necessary speed.
The automatic transmission changes into tl-te
appropriate gear and, aher overtaking,
automatically changes back. Gear changing
takes place without interruption of the power
flow, and it is just this which is one of the
greatest advantages of a Mercedes- Benz
automatic transmission.
Self-levelling suspension
The rear of the car is raised automatically
according to the load (e.g. w ith a trailer and
on journeys with a fully loaded boot), so a
Mercedes-Benz always has the same level.
The camber of the rear wheels hardly changes.
Even with a really heavy load at the rear the
angle of the headlights is not affected.
Sliding roof
The steel sliding roof on a Mercedes-Benz
passenger car is weatherproof and maintenance
free. There are mechanically or electronically
operated versions.
Electric ally heated rear window
An electrically heated rear window can be deiced more quickly and does not steam up.

Sliding roof

Safety Headrests
The Mercedes- Benz safety headrests can be
adjusted in height or backwards and forward s.
They provide a wide or narrow contact surface
according to adjustment.
Apart from increased comfort (muscle
relaxing head support) they are also a safety
precaution for driver and passengers, since
they protect the neck from injury in collisions.

Safety Hoadrests

Radio
A car radio is not only recommendable on
account of the comfort it affords. Programmes
regularly bring reports about road conditions,
traffic holds-ups, diversions etc.
Thus by finding out beforehand, you can avoid
annoying delays. At the works the Europa,
Mexico and Grand Prix models are installed,
and for the foreign market Brescia or Monte
Carlo are available. Any other makes can be
installed later at Mercedes- Benz branches or
agencies.
Safety belts
No other special equipment had such a
difficult time fighting prejudice. Today the
efficacy of safety belts is undisputed.
From the experience gained in systematic
scientific investigations concerning safety belts
Mercedes-Benz supplies a three-point safety
belt which holds both the upper and lower part
of the body firmly in the seat in case of an
accident.

Here are a few more examples: air conditioning,


mechanical or automatic aerial, MB Tex or
leather upholstery, orthopaedic backrests,
whitewall tires, a set of suitcases, special
paintwork in one or two tones, Halogen extra
long distance headlights instead of the
standard fog lamps, and much more.

Safety Belts

Further details are contained in our


catalogues
Mercedes-Benz Special Equipment and
Mercedes-Benz Automatic Transmission,
Power Steering and Air Cond itioning

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Engine
Number of cylinders
Bore/Stroke
Total displacement
Engine output acc. to SAE
Engine output acc. to DIN1)
Max. torque acc. to SAE
Max. torque acc. to DIN1)
Compression
Oil capacity crankcase max./min.
Capacity of cool ing system
Generator
Battery
Max. speed
Tyres, tubeless
Fuel
Fuel consumption acc. to DIN 700302)
Tank capacity
incl. reserve
Weights
Kerb weight
Permissible total weight
Trailer load with brake1)
Trai ler load without brake1)

Mercedes-Benz 200
4
3.43/3.29 ins.
121.3 cu. ins.
105 gr. HP/5,000 rpm
95 net b.h.p./4,800 rpm
124 ft. Ibs./3,000 rpm
115 ft. lbs./2,800 rpm
9
7.9/5.3 Imp. pts.
18.8 Imp. pts.
14 V/35 A
12 V/55 Ah
approx. 99 mph.
6.95 S 14/175 S 14/4 PR
Premium
26 m.p. Imp. gals.
14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 2 Imp. gals.

Mercedes-Benz 220
4
3.43/3.64 ins.
134 cu. ins.
116 gr. HP/5,000 rpm
105 net b.h.p./4,800 rpm
142 ft . lbs./3,000 rpm
132 ft. lbs./2,800 rpm
9
7.9/5.3 Imp. pts.
17.8 Imp. pts.
14 V/35 A
12 V/55 Ah
approx. 104 mph.
6.95 S 14/175 S 14/4 PR
Premium
25.5 m.p . Imp. gals.
14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 2 Imp. gals.

2,920 lbs.
4,065 lbs.
2,645 lbs.
1,545 lbs.

2,920 lbs.
4,065 lbs.
2,645 lbs.
1,5 45 lbs.

....""'
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1)

The output given in net b.h.p./DIN


is effectively available at the clutch
for driving the vehicle,
as any other power consumption
has already been deducted.
Output data given in gr. HP/SAE
include the power used
for operating auxiliary units
not required to operate the engine.

c
a
.

1
A

2) Technical data acc. to DIN 70020 and 70030.


Fuel consumption according to DIN 70030.
This value is obtained
at a consistent speed of 110 km/h (68 mph.)
on an even road,
plus 10%.
This method is used by all German automobile
manufacturers.
The consumption values quoted
are therefore calculated under the same conditions
and provide a real basis for comparison.
However, they do not correspond to
the actual amount of fuel consumed,
as this varies according to the way of driving ,
road and climatic conditions etc.
Fuel consumption according to DIN 70030
is therefore only a comparative value
and not the act ual amount of fue l consumed.
1)

The weights quoted are maximum weights.


By reason of legal stipu lations in various countries
outside the Federal Republic of Germany
other figures will apply.

'l Dimensions vary acc. to sitting position.


The contents are not binding
and the right is reserved for modifications.

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H

Overall height, unloaded


Overall width
Overall length
Wheelbase
Steering wheel - driver's seat backrest')
Seat height, unloaded, f ront
Driver's backrest - rear seat back rest')
Seat height at rear
J Width at centre of upholstery, front
K Width at shoulder height, front
L Width at centre of upholstery, rear
M Width at shoulder height, rear
Track width, front
Track width, rear
Turning circle diameter
Boot space

56.7 ins.
69.7 ins.
184.5 ins.
108.3 ins.
13.4 ins.
37.8 ins.
32.1 ins.
34
ins.
58.7 ins.
55.5 ins.
58.5 ins.
55.3 ins.
56.85 ins.
56.69 ins.
35.6 ft.
approx. 20.5 cu. ft.

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The Mercedes-Benz range Is shaped to include cars to meet all demands.


It is divided into two main groups.
The first one ranges from the 200 D to the 250 CE.
The second covers models from the 280 S to the 300 SEL 6,3.
Above this is the Mercedes-Benz 600.
The 200 D and 220 D, with their diesel engines, occupy a special position
in the first main group.
The two main groups are distinguished by different body shapes and sizes
(the 280 SISE also has a roomier interior).
All models vary slightly in technical specification, equipment
and driving performance.
There is no difference in the quality of materials or workmanship,
nor in safety equipment or research investment.
For comparison purposes, detail specification and price
are the standards which will determine the model best suited
to meet individual requirements.
In the first main group, (from the 200 D to the 250 CE) there are two fast,
reliable cars with particularly flexible and economical four-cylinder carburettor
engines: the Mercedes-Benz 200 and 220.

These cars, which have outstanding driving characteristics, are ideal in


city traffic or on cross-country journeys, because of their size and speed.
They are economical, thanks to the cross-draught carburettor which works
on the "Constant Vacuum Principle."
The amount of fuel is metered in exact proportion to the air intake. Fuel
consumption remains moderate even when the car is driven hard.
The Mercedes-Benz 200 has a power output of 105 gr. HP/SAE
at 5000 rpm (95 bhp/DIN at 4800 rpm), and maximum torque of 17.1 mkp/SAE
at 3000 rpm (15.9 mkp/DIN at 2800 rpm).
The basic construction of the Mercedes-Benz 220 is the same as that of the
Mercedes-Benz 200. The only difference is the greater engine capacity,
due to larger piston displacement: 116 gr. HP/SAE at 5000 rpm (105 bhp/DIN
at 4800 rpm), maximum torque 19,6 mkp/SAE at 3000 rpm (18.2 mkp/DIN
at 2800 rpm).

Mercedes-Benz cars are compact but not


cramped for space. They are designed
outwards from the interior. There is enough
room for five people to be comfortable,
while the exterior dimensions are such
that handling in heavy traffic is easy.
Seats
In a Mercedes-Benz, the driver's reactions
are not impaired by incorrectly-shaped
seats. The seats are body-contoured with
firm lateral support. The seat springing is
matched to the suspension and both are
equally effective at all speeds.
Mercedes-Benz fit firm-based seats with soft
cushioning to support the body. The semifluting separated by double seams; a special
filling, a rubberised hair backi ng, interlocking steel springs; these guarantee that
the seats are ventilated and that any
moisture is absorbed. The position of the
driver in relation to the steering wheel is
anatomically correct. This is a great asset on
long journeys. The front seat backrests
recline.
Passengers in the rear have ample legroom
even when the front seats are right back.
Heating and Ventilation
are combined in a highly effective system
which enables the direction and temperature
of the air flow to be adjusted over a very
wide range. When the outside temperature
is as low as - 20 C the interior can be
heated to 25 C.
Suspension
The Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing axle
is ideal for a car of this size and it ensures
that the ride is neither too hard nor too soft.
Fatigue-inducing vibrations are eliminated.

Bumps in the road are ironed out by the


rubber mountings of the axle supports
and they are not transmitted to the body
of the car.

to the front wheels, giving direct contact


with the road, ensuring safety, even on wet
and icy surfaces.
The steering damper absorbs road shocks
without passing them on to the steering
wheel.
Because of its steering, the car is more
manoevrable than many smaller vehicles.
Bodywork
A Mercedes-Benz is easier to park than
many smaller cars, and because of its
compact overall size it is easy to handle
in traffic. There are four large doors and a
spacious, illuminated, easily-accessible
luggage compartment.

The front axle has an anti-dive control.


Anti-roll bars eliminate unpleasant roll
in bends.

Hydraulic gas-filled telescopic shock


absorbers (de Carbon system) operate
evenly, even with heavy loads. The nonfriction mechanism of the Mercedes-Benz
re-circulating ball-type steering makes it light
yet positive. Movements of the steering
wheel are transferred directly and accurately

Between the axles and bodywork there


are rubber mountings and the bulkhead
between the engine and passenger
compartment is sealed, so the car is very
quiet and almost free from vibrations.
Mercedes-Benz do not believe in showy
interior fittings.
Non-dazzle materials are better than visual
opulence.

)ddments tray, il luminated glove compartnent, map pockets on front doors, large rear
vindow shelf, four padded arm rests,
:entre arm rest on rear seat, tough carpets hese are just a few examples of
11ercedes-Benz functional comfort.

ilercedes-Benz passenger cars have that


'special something" in comfort, all-round
isibility and relaxation which are
ndispensable to the driver.

ti

Contour.cl
with nflnittr dfuta '9 baclcretta

The renrcft departmenl VrkKl1 IJpe.a


of aound lts are canl9d ou1 here

,,

Test Drive: " The unexpected often


happens." Obstacles are flung into the path
of the unsuspecting driver.
Speed : 60 km/h.
How does he react?
All of the driver's reactions are measured.
This helps to improve the design of brakes,
steering and axles.

v111::: <.;all ta1K. auuu t Ball:!ty, onl:! can app1y


lavish rubber padd ing, or one can attack
the safety problem at its roots.
The last method is difficult and expensive,
but more responsible, even though the
results of serious safety research are not
immediately obvious.

In a single year of testing, Mercedes-Benz


drove 80 new cars on to the scrap heap in
many varied ways, to solve various problems.
For example, after many series of tests,
Mercedes-Benz developed an instrument
panel which deforms progressively
according to the force of impact, thereby
largely eliminating serious injuries.
Foam padding is, in itself, the least
important part of the Mercedes-Benz
instrument panel protection.
The Mercedes-Benz safety-cell principle
was developed through countless crash
tests in the course of systematic and
scientific safety research. Mercedes-Benz
do not rely on the reduced rigidity of the
front and rear sections, which can be
expected to absorb energy.,
The decisive factor is that the maximum
amount of impact is absorbed in distorting
the bodywork, while the passenger
compartment remains rigid and undamaged.

aeve1opment worK betore 1t could give the


kind of perfect crash and crumple
demonstrations already seen on several
occasions in Unterturkheim by the press
and hence by the public.
With the expiry of the patent this safety
design will now probably be seen more
often in the advertising campaigns of
competitors.
Mercedes-Benz safety is a system based
on scientific research.
Its individual elements are all
interdependent. It is a system which is
forever being extended and perfected.
Here are just a few examples:
The Mercedes-Benz safety door locks
will not suddenly burst open in case of an
accident (hence preventing passengers
being flung out}, and do not jam , so that
the doors can be opened quickly after an
accident.

The safety steering


has a large padded boss on the centre of
the steering wheel with an impact absorber
under the padded boss, a telescopically
collapsible steering column with the
steering box located well behind the front
axle.
This avoids the dangerous "impaling "
effect of the steering column in a crash.

In its issue No. 4, 1969, the German motor


magazine "Auto Motor Und Sport" says:
Expiry of "crumple" patent
On January 23rd 1969 a piece of car safety
became legally accessible to all automobile
manufacturers.
This was the expiry date of the
Mercedes-Benz patent on safety design for
car bodies, which involved a distortionresistant passenger cell and progressively
yielding impact-absorbing zones at the front
and rear of the car. This safety design was
rapidly recognized by other automobile
manufacturers as the best yet developed.
It has been imitated for years all over the
world.
In this instance the firm of Daim ler-Benz
generously overlooked infringements of
patent rights, so as not to curb the others'
safety efforts.

10

In any case they know in Unterturkheim


that although the crumple principle is easy
to understand, it is very difficult to put into
practice.
Even Mercedes-Benz needed years of

C ear y recognlzabte
I e 1lro1i9 pln of the aatety door lodts
Thta a yet other of the
Mercedes Benz
patented t.aturea

Straight-line stability
and reliable road holding - a result of
independent wheel suspension and separate
location - are indispensable factors in
driving safety.
Anti-roll bars on the front and rear axles
eliminate unpleasant rolling in corners.

::neerlng wllhoul "lmpUng Hect


Steering column tlacop" under Impact
Impact bsotber
\lnder th tge ptrrtcted
on th '-ring wh"I

The Impact ebaort>er


ha* bffn patented.

bo

The dual-circuit servo-assisted


braking system
has disc brakes all round which can be
subjected to continuous stress, are
effectively cooled, self-adjusting and ensure
uniform braking without swerving. A warning
light indicates failure of a brake circuit.
The parking brake
with extra brake shoes and brake drums.

And much more

Rear axl.

The anatomically correct driving position


eliminates fatigue and keeps the driver's
reflexes intact. Firmly anchored "breathable"
seats are contoured to provide lateral
support, seat springs and vehicle suspension
are perfectly tuned.
Steering damper absorbs road jolts, rubber
mountings on the axle supports absorb
unevennesses in the road, gas-filled
telescopic shock absorbers guarantee
constant operation.

Today, Mercedes-Benz' inte nsive


research goes beyond the automobile itself

The second decisive factor being tested is


man and his reactions.
Mercedes-Benz sends its vehicles on to the
test track with everyday drivers at the wheel.
Unexpected hazards are simulated by
experts. All reactions are noted. From the
resu lts of these tests it is possible to
calculate the average reaction of the
average driver.
The experience gained is then put into
practice, to produce even better designs.

Ii'

..

Front ule
it rdy axl upporta,
lrong 1 ta~ular wishbones
nd very large disc brakes
....fllt.d te..scoplc ahodl-abaor&>.r1
ntkHv cont ol 11nHroll bar
he safetv s stem on th front xi

Diagonal awing axle,


rugged alltound welded a1le 1upport
allround we1ckld semi trailing atn11,
separation of driving and auppor1tna
elements Anti ron bar

The proving ground in Unterti.irkheim:


Huge blowers produce cross winds up to
force 9. Here the aerodynamic bodywork
with Its low centre of gravity shows its
excellent road holding qualities. This ls
important at high speeds on motorways.

speea

Mercedes-Benz do not produce racing cars


for family men.
Mercedes-Benz builds cars to constant
design principles, with above-average
cruising speeds and performance not
restricted to dry roads and good weather
conditions.
Acceleration in the medium speed range is
just as important.
For example, when it is necessary to
accelerate quickly from 60 km/h to 90 km/h
so as to overtake safely. In this instance the
responsive yet economical 4-cylinder
carburettor engines of the Mercedes-Benz
200 and 220 models, with their high torque
and above-average power reserves, show
their mettle.
Until now this characteristic of the 4-cylinder
engines - provided by the carburettor
system - could only be found in 6-cylinder
models.

por .ant wMn overtaking


e anatomlcally-cortect relaHonahlp
blween the steer ng wh el and drrver
aeal Good overa I view of traffic
through large w ndows..

The unsophisticated cross-draught


carburettor employs the "Constant Vacuum
Principle."
The amount of fuel is metered in exact
proportion to the air intake.
The engine responds immediately.
This means : fast acceleration
from low engine speed,
good pulling power,
no hesitation even with changing load.
Behaviour similar to that of injection
engines.

All MtN"Ce-dBnt cr

This modern carburettor system is matched


with the rest of the engine conception:
forged crankshaft within 5 multi-layer
steel-backed bearings, connecting rods also
in multi-layer steel-backed friction bearings,
silent, chain-driven, overhead camshaft
with automatic adjustment, and much more.

hJdt.u c al"rtng damper

The suspension is efficient at all speeds.

F n an ng touche1

to 1"9 teohnlcal

h
14

~ul9ment

-iere are some examples, representative


:>f the many features:

The Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing axle


A.ccurate wheel location by means of semitrailing arms, exceptionally good trackholding properties and maximum stability
in corners.
Comfortable but not too soft suspension.
Whi le one wheel follows the bumps in the
road, the other runs straight ahead
independently. This is why the
Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing axle is so
much better than any other rigid axle.

Straight-line stability
The wheels are individually suspended on
the semi-trailing arms of the rear axle
and on the triangular wishbones of the front
suspension, they do not tend to come off
course even on very bumpy roads, thus
considerably reducing the driver's
steering effort.

Cornering stability
Due to their neutral driving characteristics
and perfect steering response
Mercedes-Benz cars take corners smoothly
and make constant steering corrections
unnecessary.

Anti-roll bars on both front and rear axles


prevent unpleasant rolling. A hydraulic
steering damper absorbs road jolts, so that
they are not transmitted to the steering
wheel. Together all these features make for
easy travelling, even on twisting roads.

Reliable road holding and maximum sidewind stability. In Mercedes-Benz cars wide
track, long wheelbase and low centre of
gravity are combined ideally with streamlined bodywork and a well-co-ordinated
chassis with independent wheel suspension.

This perfect technical layout is matched


to maximum comfort.
A 500 or 1000 km journey is still a pleasure
in a Mercedes-Benz.

Fue a r ml1tur supplied by cr'a


draught carburettor Una ph allcted yet
very elf c ent la1out Prompt reaponae to
pressure on lhf! acce alor p dal 11mlla
to that of lnt.eUon p mpa

...

The test car of our research department:


Sounds that even the driver cannot possibly
hear are recorded in the test car. Standard
cars can only be said to be reliable
if they are regularly tested.

...,

A reliable car is one wh ich functions


perfectly and operates without trouble over
a long period of time.
Mercedes-Benz cars are reliable.
Seats.
Seat springs and door locks
are subjected to continuous tests, equivalent
to a journey of 400,000 km.
4 doors which really fit
The deep thud when closing the doors is
not an acoustic gimmick, but a sign that
the doors fit properly.
Mercedes-Benz employ experts whose only
job is to check the measurements of doors.
All electric units
(headlights, starter motor, dashboard
lighting etc.) are separately earthed, which
is more expensive, but also more reliable.

E ery engine chedced on the test

bencn

Scayeng ng run wllh contlnuou or


exch nge and dynmometer teal come next
hendom lealt re not ~naugh

All parts
supplied by outside contractors are
subjected to a strict test before being
installed, although they have already been
inspected by the manufacturers.
For example, a high percentage of every
batch of rubber sleeves for the constantvelocity rear axle joints, must undergo a
100-hour test in an oil bath.
The batch is only released for production
when it has passed this test.
Every single rear axle
undergoes 4 different tests after it has been
assembled, to see that it is tight.
Every engine, transmission and axle
is subjected to extensive test runs under
varying conditions.
Only after they have withstood these trials
without any adverse effects are they worthy
of being installed in a Mercedes-Benz.
Safety knob
The door is only shut properly if the
arrester knob for the door lock can be
pushed down.

18

Inductive crank1h1ft hardening meana


lht lhe mportanl po nts rKeive part cutar
attention without the surface lructure be ng
affected. Nofhlna tan to chance

It 11 only ponlble to bulld reliable


automoblle11 on the ba111 of thorolJih
Investigation and development work, and
fer this purpose 1pc1ally-conatructd test
at.nets re Just Important aa le-c:tronlc
storage apparalus
The reHablllty of Mercedes-Benz is result
of the outstanding quality of aJI lhl

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6cr which hold vnal secUona a


sled ind vidwtfly by hand at the end of tM
oductlon llne

coloured MI mns
t pmd. released.

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The lasting value of a Mercedes-Benz


begins with a perfect surface finish.
The paint shop at Mercedes-Benz is one of
the most modern in the world.

alue

Lasting Value

Lasting value in a car means that years of


service do not detract from its value to any
great extent.
In other words, that a high resale price
can be obtained. Mercedes-Benz cars
have lasting value.
Body shape

Fashionable appearance will always attract


certain buyers.
Mercedes-Benz, however, cannot afford to
follow this trend.
New models with the three-pointed star are
only introduced when genuine technical
improvements have been made.
Frequent model changes mean that a car's
obsolescence already begins when it is
brand new. This is particularly true of body
styling. For this reason Mercedes-Benz
do not have bodies which are attractive
today and out-of-date tomorrow.
They are modern but not modish.
The on ly shape which lasts for years
is the "right" one.
It lasts a long time - as long as a
Mercedes-Benz.

Me ee s Ben.i seat&ng
On op the cover ng
Next lntenmtd ate ayer
Then the poro s bul tr m rubberilod hilt

mat
and flnal y
the progre1slv lyoperatlng steel aprtng
cortt

Lasting value means that the quality


of material and workmanship must be
equally high.
The Paintwork

Mercedes-Benz cars are given a particularly


hardwearing covering of paint (around
20 kg. per vehicle).
After the application of phosphates and the
passivation, up to five coats are applied.
These are organ ically co-ordinated.
First comes a primer, then the second
primer followed by a protective coating,
then the basic coating, and finally the
special top coat.
Permanent undersealing

(around 14 kg. per vehicle)


of the undercarriage, the fenders, the
sills and the underside of the front section.
The extra protective wax coating

~
~~~~~~~e bodywo k 11 we ded logether
In eompletely 1utomatic proc sa with
thou.1.anda of wtldtng points
Mode n weldlng rnadt ns carry out the Job
mo1e evenly and hence more safely
than the most skilled soec 8 Isl

for the eng ine compartment and the whole


underside of the vehicle, includ ing axles,
drive shaft, fuel and brake lines.
Hollow parts which become
inaccessible

after assembly are coated with zinc paint


before assembling to prevent interior
corrosion.

The axle housings and engine block


~ re

coated inside with a special heat and


) ii-resistan t paint developed by the
Vfercedes-Benz research laboratory.

Sheet metal joints must be


>crupulously clean

!\II joints, no matter how small, are sealed


)n the inside as well as the outside.
f his is not only for the sake of appearance,
)Ut also to make sure that corrosion
;annot set in.
Continuity of Mercedes-Benz models

esults in high resale prices, maximum


>recision and reliability in manufacture.
Ruthless inspection

15/o of all personnel in car production are

~n gaged in quality control.


rhey have to weed out everything which
joes not come up to the required standard,
lnd they really do this.

Service

vlercedes-Benz has over 3700 service


;tations in 162 countries, with experienced
;pecialists who have frequent refresher
:ourses given by factory experts.
\ reassuring feeling , especially for holiday
ourneys.

In a Mercedes-Benz car important


chas1ts components are nol 1usl pressed
steel section. For example, the svm1tralllng arms on the rear axle are welded
k>gether from two parts Thr& means lhat
thev last longer. as they are waterproof
and thus protect d from corrosion.

Axles
Front axle:
Axle support with double wishbones
and anti-dive control,
Rear axle:
Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing axle.
Transmission
Fully synchronized 4-speed transmission
with steering column or floor sh ift,
self-adjusting diaphragm spring clutch.
Suspension
On front and rear axle two coil springs,
one anti-roll bar.
Two double action hydraulic telescopic
shock absorbers front and rear.
Windscreen
Screen washer, foot-operated , with wiper
contact, 2-speed windscreen wipers,
butterfly type, operated by the combination
switch on the steering column.
Lighting System
Parking lights, assymetric low beam
(dimmer), high beam head lights, fog lamps,
side indicator lights, reversing light,
infinitely variable instrument lighting,
luggage compartment light, interior lights
w ith door contacts and hand switch,
lighting for ashtray and heater control.
Brakes
Disc brakes on al l four wheels, dual circuit
power braking system , parking brake
with additional brake shoes and brake
drums, brake-fai lure warning light.
Steering
exact, lig ht recirculating ball steering ,
steering damper, large padded steering
wheel boss, impact absorber under the
padded boss, telescopical ly collapsible
steering column, steering box located well
beh ind the front axle.

Bodywork
Frame floor un it firmly welded to the body,
rigid, torsion-resistant passenger
compartment (safety cell), energy-absorbing
front and rear sections, optimal vision on al l
sides, panoramic safety glass widows,
four doors, easy to close, rubber strip
inserts on both sides, bumpers with broad
rubber inserts.
Seats
Anatomically contoured seating firmly
anchored, shaped to give hip support,
seat springing , vehicle suspension and
sitting position careful ly tuned, front seats
adjustable forwards or backwards, plus also
angle of backrest reclining seat fittings.
On request, bench seat w ith fixed backrest.
Signalling system
Headlight flasher, self-cancelling indicators,
operated by the combination switch on the
steering colu mn , 2 high-frequency horns,
brake lights, indicator warning lights.
Instruments
Instrument panel padded, yielding on
impact, speedometer, oil pressure gauge,
fuel gauge, water temperature gauge,
indicator lights for parking brake,
for fu nctioni ng of both brake circuits,
for battery, indicators, high beam and fuel
reserve, electric clock, total mileage,
recorder, daily mileage recorder.
Heating and Ventilation
Continuous warm or cold air flow,
dust and draught free, with add itional
booster for windscreen, front and rear
foot wells, air volume and air distribution
for warm and cold air infinitely variable up
and down . heating separately controlled
for right and left sides, right and left of the
instrument panel, adjustable spherical vents
for warm and cold air, large fresh-air
opening in the middle of the instrument
panel, infinitely variable ad justment to right
and left.
Locks
Safety locks on all doors with a chi ld-proof
locki ng system on the rear doors, luggage
compartment lid lock, steering wheel
lock combined with ign ition and starter
switch, master key for the doors,
ig nition lock and luggage compartment,
second key for doors and ignition only.

24

Miscellaneous
arcel tray between front seats, pockets
1 the front doors, glove compartment,
~a r window shelf, rear view mirror,
jjustable to anti-glare position,
:idded sun visors with vanity mirror
1 passenger side, grab handles on roof
ame, clothes hooks on grab handles,
:idded armrests on doors, centre armrest
1 rear seat, cigar lighter, ashtrays
: the front and rear, anchorage points
r safety belts fron t and rear, carpet,
wing lugs front and rear.
Jrther details are contained in our
:ttalogues Mercedes-Benz Special
::iuipment, and Mercedes-Benz Automatic
ransmission, Power Steering and Aironditioning.

)ntents not binding,

~onal

Mercedes-Benz cars are very well equipped


and otter maximum comfort. If you want to
personalize your Mercedes-Benz car
and give it individuality, there are many
extras available.

Mercedes-Benz power steering


Mercedes-Benz power steering makes
driving easier.
This becomes obvious when parking and
in narrow bends. Hydraulic equipment
reduces the power required at the wheel,
also the number of turns. In spite of this,
feel tor the road is maintained under all
conditions.

Mercedes-Benz automatic transmission


either with steering column or floor shift.
You can drive at speeds dictated by the
traHic flow without having to change gear
or operate the clutch.
When overtaking you need only to
" kick-down " the accelerator into what is
called the forced-throttle position in order
to obtain the necessary speed.
The automatic transmission then changes
into the appropriate gear and, after
overtaking, automatically changes back.
Gear changing takes place without interruption of the power flow. This is one of
the greatest advantages of Mercedes-Benz
automatic transmission.

Self-levelling suspension
The rear of the car is raised automatically
according to the load (e.g. with a trailer
and on journeys with a fully loaded rear
compartment), so that a Mercedes-Benz ca
is always level.
The camber of the rear wheels hardly
changes. Even with a really heavy load
at the rear the angle of the headlights is not
affected.
Sliding roof
The steel sliding roof on a Mercedes-Benz
car is weatherproof and maintenance-free.
There are mechanically or electrically
operated versions.

Electrically heated rear window


An electrically heated rear window can be
de-iced more qu ickly and does not steam up

26

Sltdlng roof

Safety headrests
The Mercedes-Benz headrests can be
adjusted in height or backwards and
forwards. They provide a wide or narrow
contact surface according to adjustment.
Apart from increased comfort (musclerelaxing head support) they are also a
safety precaution for driver and passengers,
since they protect the neck from injury
in collisions.
Radios
A car radio is useful not only for the
comfort it gives.
Programmes bring regular reports about
road conditions, traffic hold-ups, diversions,
etc. Thus by finding out beforehand you can
avoid annoying delays.
At the factory, Europa, Mexico and
Grand Prix models are installed, and for
foreign markets Brescia or Monte Carlo
are available. Any other makes can be
installed later at Mercedes-Benz branches
or agencies.
Safety belts
No other special equipment had such
difficulty fighting agai nst prejudice.
Today, the effectiveness of safety belts is
undisputed.
From the experience gained in systematic
scientific investigation concerning safety
belts, Mercedes-Benz fit a three-point
safety belt which holds both the upper and
lower part of the body firmly in the seat
in case of an accident. Thus passengers
are kept from being flung against the
interior of the car and are protected to a
high degree against resultant injuries.
Here are a few more examples:
air-conditioning, mechanical or automatic
aerial, MB Tex or leather upholstery,
orthopaedic backrests, whitewall tires,
set of suitcases, special paintwork in one
or two tones. Halogen extra long-distance
headlight instead of standard fog lamps,
and much more.

Further details are contained in our


brochures on:
Mercedes-Benz Special Equipment
and Mercedes-Benz Automatic
Transmission, Power Steering and
Air-Conditioning.

---

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2200

I.
In September 1971
the 1,000,000 th Mercedes-Benz diesel passenger car
came off the production line.

200 D AND 220 D - THE 1WO MERCEDES-BENZ DIESEL MODELS

I
I

combination of driving pleasure and economy:


Mercedes-Benz 200/220 diesel. In other words:
Comfort, safety, perfect technology, reliability,
lasting value and individual extras. All well-known
Mercedes-Benz advantages. But as far as operating costs
are concerned, the vehicles are considerably lower down
on the scale.

.FO.rt.DJ.E

F'[)JW.BR!J.NU
I EZK..EJ-JJGS.,
.SJGH.EJ~J.arr

19y-J

The Daimler-Benz AG
wins the first
Max Thoennissen
Gold Medal.
In 1972 the Daimler-Benz AG
was awarded the newly donated
Max Thoennissen Gold Medal
for all the efforts it has made
over the years to promote road
safety in its advertising.

In autumn 1971 the 3 millionth Mercedes-Benz came off the


production line. At the same time the 1 millionth diesel.
One million customers have decided in favour of the diesel.
A levelheaded decision. They calculated that alone the
approx. 30 percent saving on fuel can make up for the
higher purchase price in as little as one year.

A customer will decide on the Mercedes-Benz diesel if,


on long journeys, he expects Mercedes-Benz comfort and
safety but also a passenger car with greatly reduced costs
per kilometre. And yet the top speed of 130or135 km/h
can be driven as a cruising speed. (How many people
have the chance on today's crowded motorways to drive
at faster cruising speeds?)
Only those who are unaware of the facts today still accuse
the diesel of things which were eliminated years ago. For
example, that it is loud. Yet in city traffic you can confuse
it with a petrol model as far as engine noise is concerned.
In the course of time Mercedes-Benz designers have
improved not only the performance but also the silence of
operation and degree of vibration to such an extent that
inside you can hardly tell a diesel from its petrol
counterparts.

MERCEDES-BENZ DRIVERS AND THEIR DEMANDS

uccess is no coincidence. Anyone who has got on


in his profession has usually had to work hard for it.
He is generally critical when choosing the "tools".
He makes great demands on them.
Naturally, this also applies to his car. Here too the
successful man seeks an above-average measure of
perfection. Individual advantages are not enough for him.
Everything must combine to give maximum performance.
Mercedes-Benz vehicles are specifically constructed to
meet such demands.
Reliable, aesthetically pleasing cars for individualists.
Modern but not modish. Comfort and technology to
relieve the driver, safety to protect him - that is the
Mercedes-Benz concept for passenger cars. MercedesBenz makes it easy to be courteous and to drive with
consideration for others without losing time.
Courtesy and highly developed technology - these are
what make Mercedes-Benz drivers superior in today's
traffic.

Dear Reader,
This catalogue consists of two
parts. The first part contains
all the important information
concerning the vehicle you
are interested in, in iuord and
picture.
If however, you zuish to have
more detailed information.
- for which zue would be very
grateful to you - you can. obtain
this from the second - fold-out part of the catalogue.

SAFE

or more than 30 years now Mercedes-Benz has


systematically investigated questions of automobile
safety. Hardly any other automobile manufacturer today
offers such a complete safety system as Mercedes-Benz,
with features which complement one another.
More important than theoretical statements and discussions are results which show tangible proof of success.
Mercedes-Benz has developed "active safety" and
"passive safety" to a high level: the former to try to avoid
accidents, the latter to eliminate or reduce injuries in the
case of an accident.
Straight-line stability, comfort which keeps the driver alert,
ease of operation and numerous other features make it
easy for the driver to drive safely. He can handle the car
more easily and therefore devote all his attention to the traffic.
Safety cell, padded interior, safety steering and an
instrument panel which yields on impact - all these are
standard in every Mercedes-Benz car.
The Mercedes-Benz safety cell design (passenger cell of
maximum rigidity, crumple zones at the front and rear)
dates from 1951.

Mercedes-Benz safety: a comprehensive system of complementary measures

The best results are obtained where research is most


advanced.
Safety bodywork

Diagonal swing axle

COMFORTABLE

he built-in comfort of a Mercedes-Benz 200 D and


220 D gives the .driver a feeling of relaxation which
will help to overcome the strain of presentday traffic.
Everything works together:
Comfortable suspension, effective damping, upholstery
which is not too soft, easily accessible operating elements,
clear instrument arrangement, generously proportioned
. interior - these are just a few detailstrom the wide range
of satety-comfort features of Mercedes-Benz models.
But comfort is not only an integral part of physiological
safety. In a Mercedes-Benz everything possible is done
to give you an all-round feeling of ease and well-b@ing.

ECONOMICAL

ercedes-Benz diesel models 200 D and 220 D


are c.onstructed for drivers who attach particular
importance to economy. These vehicles owe
their economy of operation to their diesel engines.
With one tank filling (65 I) the Mercedes-Benz diesel
travels approx. 25-30 % further than comparable petrol
models. This is made possible by the unusually good
utilization of fuel - with a compression ratio of 21 :1.
The particularly sturdy engine parts, e.g. pistons,
cylinder head gasket or crankshaft, have all been suited
to this compression ratio to result in the long-life which
has always characterized the Mercedes-Benz diesel.
Mercedes-Benz diesel drivers cover, on the average, twice
as many kilometres a year as other car drivers (32,000 km
against 16,000, related to the Federal Republic of
Germany). Despite this, 78 % of all diesel models purchased
in the Federal Republic since 1949 are still in service.
Long service life, minimum repairs, low costs per kilometre
and optimal comfort combine to make a bundle of economy
which seeks its equal in this class.

1
J

.,

RELIABLE

II car drivers agree on one point: They prefer to see


the workshop from outside rather than inside.
That is why Mercedes-Benz builds reliable cars.
Reliability is only assured when all parts are subjected to
uncompromising tests before assembly. And yet again
after assembly. At Mercedes-Benz, for example, every
engine, every gearbox, every rear axle is individually
checked on the test bench. For every vehicle.
Our best proof of reliability: A Mercedes-Benz only needs
to be serviced every 15,000 km. That speaks for the
design, the quality of the materials and the workmanship.
Mercedes-Benz drivers thus save both time and money.

Inside paint coating of the engine block

.-

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LASTING VALUE

ercedes-Benz has made a name for itself with


quality workmanship, which is reason enough to
cultivate this image. That is why one in every ten
experts employed in production work is responsible for
quality controls.
These experts have the task of weeding out everything
which does not come up 100 percent to the required
quality standards. Only strict controls like these at all stages
of production can guarantee the quality standard which
ensures continuing success for Mercedes-Benz.
But there is more to lasting value.
For example, the functionally correct vehicle shape which,
uninfluenced by fashion fads, never loses its appeal.
It has a long life, as long as a Mercedes-Benz, and
guarantees high resale prices.

BASIC EQUIPMENT 200 D, 220 D

his catalogue describes


the basic equipment
laid down for the
Federal Repu/;Jlic of
Germany. In various
other countries the basic equipment can vary, due partly to
different legal requirements.
We therefore request our
custorners to obtain information from their
1\1ercedes-Benz distributors
as to the equipment actually
available.

J.

...

200 D I 220 D engine


Diesel system;
four-cylinder in-line with
1,988 cm3 and 2,197 cm3 ;
mechanical 4-plunger injection
pump with automatic timing
device; pre-combustion chamber
injection system .
Transmission/clutch
Fully synchronized 4-speed
transmission with steering
column or floor shift, self-adjusting diaphragm spring clutch.
Optional: Mercedes-Benz
automatic transmission.
Axles
Front axle:
Axle support with double
wishbones and anti-dive control,
Rear axle:
Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing
axle with brake torque compensation.
Optional : level control.
Suspension
On front and rear axle two coil
springs, one anti-roll bar.
Two double action hydraulic
telescopic shock absorbers front
and rear.
Brakes
Dual circuit power braking
system; disc brakes on all four
wheels; parking brake with
additional brake shoes and brake
drums; brake-failure warning
light for both circuits.

Steering
Exact, light recirculating ball
steering, steering damper, large
padded steering wheel boss,
impact absorber under the
padded boss, telescopically
c.ollapsible steering column,
steering box located well behind
the front axle.
Optional: Mercedes-Benz power
steering.
Bodywork
Frame floor unit firmly welded
to the body, rigid, torsionresistant passenger compartment
(safety cell), energy-absorbing
front and rear sections, optimal
vision on all sides, panoramic
safety glass windows, four
doors, easy to close, rubber
strip inserts on both sides,
bun1pers with broad rubber
inserts.
Seats
Anatomically contoured seats
shaped to give lateral support,
seat springing adjusted to vehicle
suspension and sitting position,
front seats adjustable forwards
or backwards plus backrest angle,
firmly anchored, reclining seat
fittings.
Heating and ventilation
Continuous warm or cold air
flow, draught free, with additional booster for windscreen,
side windows, front and rear foot
wells, air volume.and air distribution for warm and cold air
infinitely variable up and down,
heating separately controlled for
right and left sides on the
instru1nent panel, large fresh-air
opening in the middle of the
instrument panel, infinitely
variable adjustment to right and
left.
Windscreen
Laminated safety glass, screen
washer foot-operated with wiper
contact, 2-speed windscreen
wipers with intermittent control,
operated by the combination
switch on the steering column.

Lighting system
Parking lights, assymetric low
beam (dimmer), high beam
headlights, foglamps (optional:
halogen H 4 lamps), side indicator
lights, reversing light, infinitely
variable instrument lighting,
luggage compartment light,
interior lights with door contacts
and hand switch, lighting for
ash tray, glove box and heater
control.
Instruments
Instru1nent panel padded,
yielding on impact, speedometer,
oil pressure gauge, fuel gauge,
water temperature gauge,
indicator lights for parking
brake, for battery, flashing
indicators, high beam and fuel
reserve, electric clock, total
mileage recorder, daily mileage
recorder.
Signalling system
Headlight flasher, self-cancelling
indicators, operated by the
combination switch on the
steering column, high-frequency
horn , brake lights, indicator
warning lights.
Locks
Safety locks on all doors with
safety catch and child-proof
locking system on the rear doois,
luggage compartn1ent I id lock,
steering wheel lock combined
with glowing and starting switch;
master key for the doors, steering
wheel lock and luggage compartment, second key for doors and
steering wheel lock only.
Miscellaneous
Parcel tray between front seats,
pockets on the front doors, glove
compartment, rear window shelf,
interior rear view mirror
adjustable to anti-glare position,
padded sun visors with vanity
mirror on passenger side,
grab handles on roof fra1ne,
clothes hooks on rear grab
handles, padded armrests on
doors, grab handle on passenger
side; centre armrest on rear
seat, cigar lighter, ashtray at the
front and rear, anchorage
points for safety belts front and
rear, carpets throughout, towing
lugs front and rear.

The contents are not binding and


the right is reserved for modifications.

OPTIONAL

f you want to personalize


your Mercedes-Benz
in order to give it an
individual atmosphere
many extras are available.
I-Iere are just a few examples.

Safety belts

Mercedes-Benz three-point
safety belts hold both the upper
and lower parts of the body
firmly in the seat in an accident.
Radio

A car radio not only provides


entertainment. Reports on road
conditions, traffic hold-ups,
Easy steering when parking and
diversions, etc. help the driver
on narrow bends.
to avoid annoying delays.
Considerable reduction in power
required and number of wheel
Installed by the factory:
"Europa", "Grand Prix",
turns thanks to hydraulic boost.
"Europa Stereo" and "Mexico
Complete "feel" for the road
Cassette Stereo" models.
in all situations.
In addition for foreign markets:
"Monte Carlo" model.
Mercedes-Benz
Other makes: can be installed
automatic transmission
later at Mercedes-Benz branches
With the Mercedes-Benz
or agencies.
automatic transmission you can
drive at speeds dictated by traffic
Safety headrests
flow, without having to operate
A Mercedes-Benz development
the clutch or change gears.
which serves comfort and safety.
When overtaking you need only
Can be adjusted in height or
to "kick-down" the accelerator
backwards and forwards . .
into what is called the forced
Provide a wide or narrow contact
throttle position in order to
surface.
change into the appropriate gear.
After overtaking the transmission Additional safety mechanism
in case they are accidentally
automatically changes back
knocked out.
again into the higher gears.
Gearchanging takes place without
Headlight cleaning
interruption of the power flow.
equipment
It is possible to override the
automatic transmission any time Headlights are kept clean even
while driving.
by moving the selector lever.
Operated together with windscreen wiper unit.
Electrically heated rear
window
Every time the windscreen is
washed headlights are auto.The electrical heating de-ices
matically cleaned if the light is
the rear window quickly and
prevents fogging up.
switched on.
Switches off automatically after
Sliding roof
about half an hour to avoid
unnecessary current consumption. Steel sliding roof - weatherproof
and maintenance-free.
Mechanically or electrically
Level control
operated versions available.
The vehicle remains at a constant
level, even when it is loaded;
Air-conditioning
the rear of the car is raised
The Mercedes-Benz air-conditionautomatically according to the
ing system looks after your
load.
physical comfort: in bumper-toThis ensures that full spring
bumper traffic on motorways,
travel is always available in cities during the peak-hour
whether you drive alone or with
rush.
a fully loaded car.
Easy operation - first button :
The angle of the headlights
on/off; second button:
remains constant.
temperature regulator.
Adjustable louvres for controlling
the strea1n of air.
The air-conditioning system
works on the proven refrigerator
principle.
Mercedes-Benz
power steering

Other extras

Mechanical or electric antenna,


MB Tex of leather upholstery,
orthopaedic backrests, set of
suitcases for better use of space,
special paintwork in one or two
tones, and much more.
Further details are contained in
our catalogues:
"Mercedes-Benz Special
Equipment", "Selection instead
of Changing" and
"Mercedes-Benz Automatic
Transmission, Power Steering
and Air-Conditioning".

Mercedes-Benz has been


conscious of its responsibility
for road safety wnger than the
public has been discussing
the subject. Safety research
began here more than JO years
ago.
Since then it has developed a
comprehensive system of safety
measures which complement
one another.
Disk brakes on alt four wheels
Just a few examples:
Active safety
1939: development of safety
(To avoid accidents.)
features in the research and
This includes safe brakes,
development vehicle 11;
a running gear which holds its
an extremely rigid base, threecourse as also all measures for
part steering column.
keeping the driver alert,
1949: safety door lock; patented
making his task easier in traffic
23. 4. 1949.
and giving hin1 maximum
1951/52 development of the first
safety design for car bodies in
safety under all conditions.
For example: comfortable
the world; patented 23. 1. 1951;
seats, all-round visibility, little
extremely distortion-resistant
effort needed for operation.
passenger compartment;
yielding, impact-absorbing front
Passive safety
and rear sections (crumple zones).
(To eliminate or reduce the
1957: heating and ventilation
consequences of an accident.)
with blower assisted ventilation
This includes interior and
of the interior;
exterior safety.
patented 12. 10. 1957.
1959: first safety design for car
Interior safety protects driver
bodies is put into series
and passengers of the vehicle.
production.
It is only possible through a host
l 963 : standard. dual-circuit
of individual measures which
braking system.
are all interdependent and come
196 7: Mercedes-Benz safety
into effect gradually.
steering based on patents of 1954
Passenger compartment rigid
and 1960; this prevents the
enough to protect the occupants
feared "impaling effect" of the
should the vehicle overturn;
steering column.
yielding, impact-absorbing front
1970: presentation of the Antiand rear sections (crumple
Bloc-System; when braking hard zones).
even when cornering - the vehicle
Anti-burst locks - the doors
holds its course and can still be
remain closed even in an
steered; the braking distance is
accident.
considerably reduced.
All parts the occupants could be
thrown against are padded,
flattened or recessed or designed
so that they yield on impact.
Padded instrument panel yielding
in stages.

Safety steering with large padded


boss on the steering wheel;
collapsible impact absorber
under the padded boss; steering
column "telescoping" under
impact; steering box located well
behind the front axle;
non-splintering steering wheel.
Padded door and roof pillars.
Front seat backrest supports
deeply recessed in the thick
upholstery.
Headrests (optional).
Wide strips of padding on upper
edge of backrest rear panels.
Armrests yield on impact.
Flexible operating knobs
Inside mirror detaches on
impact.
Flush-fitted door handles.
Flexible grab handles.
Padded sun visors.
Centre console yields on impact.
Safety belts (optional).
Foam-padded steering column
or floor shift lever.

Exterior safety helps to reduce


or eliminate injury to other road
users.
No projecting parts.
The exterior contour of the
bodywork is so designed that in
the event of an a.ccident
pedestrians or other vehicles are
not caught on it.
No sharp edges.
Round design of bumpers with
wide rubber inserts.
Rounded safety door handles.

large padded
wheel;
.bsorber
)SS; steering
7" under
~located well
e;
ring wheel.
of pillars.
;upports
1e thick
~

.) .

ing on upper
r panels.
npact.
~nobs

Better utilization of fuel thanks


Exceptionally low
consumption figures
to a sturdy engine design
coupled with minimum repair
Under the technical supervision
requirements explain the
of the ARBO and OAMTC
convincing economy and long
motoring organizations,
service life of the
Austrian automobile journalists
Mercedes-Benz 200 D and
subjected the Mercedes diesel
220 D.
to a gruelling series of tests:
12 Mercedes 220 D covered a
Mercedes-Benz builds these
total of 22,000 km in the course
cars for drivers who consider
of the GroBglockner-Felbertauern
low costs per kilometre,
mountain test at an average
optirnal comfort and safety at
speed of 70.94 km/h and with an
high average speeds more
average consumption rate of only
important than a top speed
8.46 1/100 km.
which can only rarely be made
use of.

Long service life

78 O/o of the Mercedes-Benz diesel


passenger cars sold in the
Federal Republic of Germany
since 1949 are still in service
today.
Quality backed up by statistics.
High resale prices

Even as used cars with high


mileages the 200 D and 220 D
undisputedly fetch the highest
prices.
Every used car dealer is on the
look-out for these sturdy, longlived and extremely economical
cars.

hes on

1ndles.
es.

Is on impact.
1al) .
ng column

s to reduce
to other road

1r of the
gned that in
dent
: vehicles are

1mpers with

;.

)r handles.

Mercedes-Benz built the world's


first passenger car with diesel
engine in 1936.
In September 1971 the
1,000,OOOth Mercedes-Benz
diesel to be manufactured since
1949 left the production line.

Clean

JOO/o beller utilization of fuel


In the city test covering 13.5 km
through the centre of Vienna in
24-hour.non-stop operation
a Mercedes-Benz 220 D achieved
the incredibly low consumption
rate of only 7.22 1/100 kin.
50 Mercedes-Benz passenger cars
completed the 731. 7 km longdistance test route Salzburg Graz - Vienna - Linz - Salzburg
at an average speed of 90 km/h
and with an overall average fuel
consumption of just 9.92 I/
100 km.
10 vehicles which were driven at
an average speed of 80 km/ h
attained a result of 7 .791/l 00 km.

A correctly adjusted injection


pump ensures optimal combustion of the fuel injected.
Toxic contents in the exhaust
gases of the diesel amount to
only half of those found in
comparable petrol engines as far
as nitrous oxide is concerned and
to as little as a tenth as regards
carbon monoxide.
These excellent features secure
a good market for the diesel even
in the future.

A driver must be able to expect Hydraulic dual-circuit brakes


that his vehicle will start any
with vacuum boost; disc brakes
time, and will do its job
all round.
reliably and without problems. Every engine, every axle, every
gearbox is subjected to extensive
With this knowledge the driver
is relaxed and at ease. Safe
tests under all possible
reactions and a technically
conditions.
sound vehicle provide the
In addition to this, every single
perfect team. Reliability is the
rear axle undergoes four different
result of mature designs, hightests to see that it is tight after
quality materials and precise
assembly.
manufacture.
Engines

Engines constructed to last a long


time.
The self-supporting body is
Injection unit unaffected
extremely torsion-resistant.
Parts supplied by outside
by moisture.
Frame-floor assembly; central
contractors
Forged, inductively hardened
members and box-type side and
All parts which Mercedes-Benz
crankshaft is, like the connecting
cross members firmly welded
does not produce itself,
rods, carried in multi-layer,
to the floor.
are subjected to a strict test
steel-backed bearings.
Four large doors which fit exactly.
before they are installed although
All electrical units are separately Every valve turns a fraction of a
they have already been inspected
earthed; this is expensive but
revolution on every stroke.
by the manufacturers.
absolutely reliable.
This m~kes burnt spots between In addition, random samples are
the' valve seat and valve disc
subjected to severe tests on test
Running gear
practically impossible.
stands, corr~sponding to many
Running gear with high safety
Two valve springs for every
years of driving on the road.
reserves.
valve; if one spring fails to work
the valve continues to operate
Front axle support suspended
on the front frame side members
with the other spring.
by rubber mountings.
The shaft of every exhatst valve
Engine and gearbox resting
is filled with sodium. This results
in the heat being dissipated.
on the front axle support with
Valve seat rings made of
two rubber mounts at the front
and with one rubber mount
chrome-nickel-molybdenum alloy
on the frame at the rear.
increase resistance to wear.
Bodywork

. Injection pu1np of the


diesel engine

Minimum repairs

Maintenance-free injection unit.


A pneumatic governor on the
injection pump limits the
maximum engine speed; even on
long journeys at top speed it is
impossible to overtax the engine.
The Mercedes-Benz precombustion chamber system has
shown its worth a million times
over: the 1,000,OOOth diesel
proves it. Here lies the secret this is why Mercedes-Benz diesels
are so exceptionally quiet and
smooth-running.

Manual checking of important


screws

Painting the inside of the


engine block

A forward-looking vehicle
design, high-class quality of
material and workmanship,
model continuity which does
away with fashion fads - these
are the most important factors
behind the classic image for
which Mercedes-Benz
has always been renowned.
This policy ensures high resale
pnces.
Quality of material
and workmanship

Hollow parts are coated with


zinc paint before assembly to
prevent inside corrosion.
The body shell is washed and
coated with phosphates.
This provides the first protective
coat of compact-grained zinc
phosphates. After the application
of phosphates con1es the
passivation which. in conjunction
with the paint covering, helps to
prevent corrosion.
The first primer is applied by
dipping in a bath.
Sharp edges are coated with
liquid plastic by hand to make
sure that corrosive influences
have no chance here either.
The front and sides are given
a flexible plastic coating to
protect them against damage
caused by stones.
The second primer guarantees
a good, even coating for all parts
of the bodywork.
Vehicle underfloor, wheel arches,
entry and the lower part of the
front are given special protection
with a thick, flexible PVC
coating.
The next coating provides a basis
for the top coat and improves the
quality of the finished surface.
The final top coat not only
makes the car good to look at,
but also provides excellent
protection against the harsh
properties of the air.
Every coat of paint is annealed
at temperatures between 130 and
165 c.
All hollow parts are treated with
another special wax which
"creeps" and stays put even on
vertical surfaces. Corrosive
influences resulting from water of
condensation are therefore
reduced to a minimum.

Service at longer intervals


All parts which are installed later
(axles, drive shaft, track rods etc.) A Mercedes-Benz passenger car
are, together with the engine
only has to be brought in for
service after 15,000 kilometres.
compartment and the whole
underside of the vehicle,
Extract from the "Frankfurter
provided with a thick protective
Allgemeine Zeitung"
wax coating.
of 15th November 1971:
Altogether, approx. 34 kg of paint,
High insurance premium for
undersea! and wax are needed
cars needing many repairs
per vehicle.
The Austrian insurance
The axle housings and engine
companies are changing their
block are coated inside with a
comprehensive and collision
special heatand oil-resistant paint.
insurance system .. .
A total of 19 types of repairs
frequently carried out
(e.g. fenders, doors, bumpers)
were included in calculations.
The result will surprise many
drivers.
Daimler-Benz ca1ne out best.
In future the M~rcedes vehicles,
whose body work repairs are
35.3 /o of the purchase price,
will the refore have the best
insurance rate in Austria . ..
Eve1:y coat of paint is
annealed at temperatures
Two Mercedes-Benz among
the best in the world
between 130and16.5 C
A well-known 1notoring magazine
Service
chooses the top ten automobiles
There is a total of 4,345 service
from the entire world production.
stations in 164 countries in the
In 1971 four vehicles from
world.
Germany were included.
Experienced service experts
And two of these were
are continually being trained by
Mercedes-Benz.
factory specialists.
That means safety and support
A member of the editorial staff
especially on holiday trips.
commented as follows: "If you
judge all the cars in the world
on the basis of engineering,
construction integrity, reliability
and the degree of perfection with
which they fill their intended
function, then the best cars in .
the world are probably all built
by Mercedes-Benz."
(Source: Road & Track,
August 1971)

Standard underseal

Running gear
Comfort is more than a general
feeling of ease. Mercedes-Benz Individual wheel location and
suspension; at the front: double
com/ort is the product of
wishbones with anti-dive control;
scientific research - the interat the rear : diagonal swing axle
play of many factors with the
with brake torque compensation.
goal of relieving the driver and
Co1nfortable suspension, good
keeping him alert.
vibration damping.
This interplay is planned right Anti-roll bars at the front and
rear to eliminate unpleasant roll
from the stage of development
of the body on corners.
and design. Running gear,
interior, seating, controls and
Hydraulic telescopic shock
absorbers filled with gas.
much niore, are exactly
cool'dinated and form an
Mercedes-Benz recirculating ball
steering, very easy to control
inseparable unit.
thanks to steering box which
works without friction .
Steering dampers.

Seats

Anatomically sound design for


correct, relaxed sitting position.
Firm lateral support.
Infinitely adjustable backrests.
Any body moisture constantly
absorbed.
Steel spring core with graded,
relatively firm spring action,
hence no tiring vibrations.
Sufficient distance from the
steering wheel and windscreen.
Good leg room.
Plenty of room for head and
shoulders.

Bodywork

Roomy interior while exterior


dimensions permit good handling
in traffic. This bodywork
provides the optimal solution for
two basically contradictory
demands.
Sn1all turning circle and good
Important note
all-round visibility.
Certain constructional features
Fou r large doors .
are repeated in the follow ing
Roomy luggage compartment,
chapters under different headings.
well-lit and easy to load.
These repetitions are necessary.
Rubber pads between wheel
For one technical detail often
suspension and the bodywork
fulfils several functions.
provide insulation against
vibrations and noises.
For exainple, individual
Hermetic separation of engine
wheel location anti suspension.
and passenger compartn1ents.
It is decisive for :
Non-dazzle materials.
Parcel tray, well-lit glove
1. Comfort
compartment, pockets on front
Bumps in the road are not
doors, spacious rear window
transferred to the bodywork,
shelf.
thanks to s1nooth, even driving
Four upholstered armrests, centre
behaviour.
armrest between rear seats.
Hard-wearing carpets.
2. Safety
Directional st.ibility and active
Interior
driving safety are decisively
Greatest possible freedom of
influenced.
movement.
Physiologically correct design
3. Reliability
and arrangement of all switches
and levers, almost impossible
Possible speeds can be fully
to confuse.
used thanks to precise straightline stability and constant road
Non-dazzle central arrangement
adhesion of wheels.
of instruments.

Folding centre annrest


on rear seat
Heating and ventilation

Draught-free continuous airstream for warm or cold air with


additional blower for windscreen,
side windows and footwells.
Air volume and air distribution
for warm and cold air infinitely
variable up and down,
to the left and right.
Large adjustable fresh air vent.
Continuous ventilation.
A total of 9 individually
controlled air inlets.

goo4L~ll>qa}

11 '71!

t.I>Iii A.;;;
?:r:;i.7 :--m fJJ~.U:itft

: P:Uil!IS:Z:;M-T 0 6 'flOS T L.Ol(UZ) I 4 1

TECHNICAL
DATA

1)

The output given in net


b.h.p.!01 N is effectively
available at the clutch for
driving the vehicle . tts any
other 11owcr consumption has
alrcadv bec11 deuuc1cd.
Oulpui dal:l gi,cn in gr. TIP/SAE
inc.:luclc Ille power Ued [or
operating uuxi liary units not
required 10 operate lhc engine.
The da1:1 given in SI unils
(kW = Kilow,.lt
Nm - '1cw1on metre)
ha \'C been cu1wcrlcd and
rOu ndcu Off lO I he ncnrCSl

unit.

Nun1ber of cylinders
Bore/stroke
Total displace1nent
Engine output a.cc. to SAE
Engine output acc. to DIN 1)
Max. torque acc. to SAE
Max. torque acc. to DIN 1)
Compression
Oil capacity crankcase
max./min.
Capacity of cooling system
Generator
Battery
Max . speed
Tyres, tubeless
Fuel
Fuel consumption
acc. to DIN 70030 2)
Tank capacity
incl. reserve
Weights
Kerb weight
Perm. total weight
Trailer load with brake 3 )
T railer load without brake 3 )

') Tcchnkal d:ila <1'C. to


DIN 70020 and 70030.
Fuel consumption according to
DIN 70 OiO. This value is
obtuincd m a consistent peed
of >/, or muximun1 speed. on an
even road . plus 100/o.
This method i used by all
nuiomobilc manufacturers in the
Federal Republic of Germany.
The consumption values quoted
are therefore calcul11tcd under
the same conditions and
provide a real ha!>i~ for con1 ..
parbon . I lowcvcr. they do not
correspond 10 the uctua l
amount of fuel consumed,
as this varies according to the
\V<lY or driving, road and
climmic conditions etc.
Fuel cons11111p1 ion nccording 10
l>l"\i 100;0 is therefore only a
compan11ivc value <md not the
actual amount of fuel consumed.

l) The weights quoted are

nu1xin1un1 \VCights . valid \Vithin


Ilic l'c<kr:I Republic of
Gcrnlany. 1n various
eou111rics other figures w ill
apply.
') Oimcnsh.>ns vary acc. to

Mercedes-Benz 200 D
4
87/83.6 mm
1988 cm3
60 gr. HP/SAE at 4200 rpm
55 net b.h.p. at 4200 rpm
40 kW at 4200/min
12.0 mkp/2400 rpm
11.5 mkp/2400 rpm
113 Nm/2400/n1in
21

Mercedes-Benz 220 D
4
87/92.4 mm
2197 cm3
65 gr. HP/SAE at 4200 rpn1
60 net b.h .p. at 4200 rpm
44 kW at 4200/min
13.3 mkp/2400 rpm
12.3 mkp/2400 rpm
126 Nm/2400/min
21

4.5/3 litres
10.7 litres
14 V/35 A
12 V/66 Ah
approx. 130 km/h
6.95-14 I 175-14/4 PR
Diesel

4.5/3 litres
10.3 litres
14 V/35 A
12 V/88 Ah
approx. 135 km/h
6.95- 14 I 175-1 4/4 PR
Diesel

8.1 litres/100 km
65 litres
approx. 9 litres

8.5 litres/100 km
65 litres
approx. 9 litres

~illinr. po~ition.

TM c'1ntcnts arc 1101 binding

and the right is reserved


for 111odifica1ions.

' -- - - - B ------~

i.-- - - -

Overall height, unloaded


1440 mm
1770 mm
B Overall width
C Overall length
4685 mm
D Wheelbase
2750 min
4
, Steerina wheel - driver's seat backrest )
340mm
F
Seat height, unloaded, front
960mm
4
G Dri ver's backrest - rear seat backrest )
815 1nm
H Seat height at rear
8601nm
J Width at centre of upholstery, front
1490 mm
K Width at shoulder height, front
1410 mm
L Width at centre of upholstery, rear
1485 mm
M Width at shoulder height, rear
1405 mm
T rack width, front
1444 n11n
T rack width, rear
1440 1nn1
Turn ina circle diameter
10 .85 Ill
Boot space
approx. 0.53 m3
A

/ / ............._-..........._,

(~

1365
1885
1200
720

kg
kg
kg
kg

1375 kg
1895 kg
1200 kg
725 kg

_ \I

~~ r

L-----_ ~ ,\

...

__...

'

'

'

~I

'

'

'

....._

),

B ----.-

."" ndividual motoring has unrivalled advantages: you can choose where,
when and with whom you want to travel. Since there is no substitute which
gives this independence, the car will always be irreplaceable.
It is, however, an indisputable fact of life that traffic problems do exist.
But is there a Utopian solution ? There is not the slightest sign of any real
alternative to the car for individual transport either now or for the foreseeable future. Theoretical discussions have so far got us nowhere.
Every single Mercedes-Benz car bears witness to the fact that a sense of
responsibility towards society can be reconciled with the aims of an economically-orientated business organisation.
We have always been fully aware of the cost/benefit ratio in the constant
development and improvement of our products.
Naturally, our designers are limited in what they can do. Limited by the laws
of nature, by the level of technological know-how and by costs. But with
every new model, we endeavour to extend these limits.
For you the obvious improvements are safer, more comfortable and effartless motoring. But even the superlative Mercedes-Benz technology cannot
relieve you of the responsibility of driving with courtesy and consideration.
Today the driver's own self-control is just as important as having a car which
is easily controlled. Individual motoring will only remain acceptable if the
driver, the car designer and the road engineer in combination all contribute
towards a common end. This really is the only way it can be achieved.

The most successful Mercedes-Benz


models, the range from the 200 D to the
280 CE, now come even closer to
perfection.
They incorporate the results of the most
recent research, in particular those
measures designed to improve safety
even further, and they also include a
number of safety features derived from
the Experimental Safety Vehicle (ESV).
The fundamental concept, unsurpassed
to this day, and which has proved itself
a hundred thousand times, has been
retained. This, incidentally, is also the
basis for the new S-class vehicles.
An example of this is the safety suspension with the diagonal swing-axle,
and the front and rear disc brakes.

Additional improvements now include:


Rain channel in the windscreen pillars
to help keep the side windows clean.
The rear lights have ridged lenses,
developed in the wind tunnel, which
largely prevent dirt clinging to the surface.
A rain runnel above the rear window
which diverts the water to the sides.
The rear view thus remains unobscured.
iii The exterior mirror which is adjustable
from inside, even with the windows
closed. Less likely to get dirty because
it is recessed in the frame, it is located
well within the driver's field of vision.
~ Another measure to improve the safety
of the occupants: From 1st January 1974,
normal three-point safety belts will be
compulsory in the Federal Republic of
Germany. But Mercedes-Benz already
fit what they consider a sensible
combination in all their vehicles:
inertia reel seat belts, and headrests.

A particular advantage of the


Mercedes-Benz three-point seat belts is
that they roll up automatically. They are
never in the way when not in use.
When fastened, they still allow complete
freedom of movement.
Only when the seat belt is subjected to
stress or the vehicle suddenly decelerates
does the belt lock itself automatically.
Both the upper and lower parts of the
body are simultaneously restrained.
The height and angle of the headrests
on the front seats will adjust to suit tall
or short people alike, in any driving
position. They are shaped to minimize
"backlash" of the head.
fll The styling of the front of the car has
been altered as well: the bonnet is flatter,
and the radiator is lower and wider.
Additional cooling air enters through wide
louvres situated beneath the bumpers.

l====~=~~~~!!!

The Mercedes-Benz
Diesel range:
200 D - 220 D - 240 D

... , ... he 200 D, 220 D , and 240 D are each a combination


of comfort and econo:ny. In addition, all the well-known advantages of
Mercedes-Benz, safety, advanced technology, reliability and lasting value,
but the operating costs are no more than those of much smaller cars.
They hold their prices very well, this is clearly shown by the consistently
good trade-in allowances they command. A customer will decide on the
Mercedes-Benz diesel if, on long journeys he expects Mercedes-Benz comfort
and safety combined with the maximum economy.
More than one million customers have decided in favour of the diesel.
Cool, level-head decisions. ''Mobile Money Box" is the expression coined by
the Motoring Press for the Mercedes-Benz diesels. Only those who are
unaware of the facts still accuse the diesel of today of shortcomings which
were eliminated years ago. Acoustically you can confuse it with a petrol
model. In the course of time Mercedes-Benz designers have improved not
only the performance but also the smoothness and have reduced vibration to
such an extent that you can hardly tell a diesel from its petrol-driven
counterparts. This is why it is said that Diesel success is a Mercedes-Benz
success.
The smooth, quiet running characteristics result from the use of high quality
materials and decades of engineering experience. Mercedes-Benz are not only
the oldest motor-car manufacturers but also produced the first diesel-powered
cars in the world. The first vehicle of this type was introduced as long
ago as 1936.
The bodywork and running gear, the amount of space, seating comfort and
manoeuvrability in the diesel range are absolutely identical with the corresponding Mercedes-Benz petrol versions. The same running gear can easily
accommodate the high-performance engine of the 280 E which develops
185 DIN/hp. All three diesel models therefore have tremendous reserves of
safety because the running gear can more than cope with the engine output
of this range.
Anyone looking for a safe car which combines maximum comfort,
low running costs, high reliability, rugged durability and high trade-in
allowance really has no alternative - it must be a Mercedes-Benz diesel.

The radial-ply tyres illustrated are an optional extra.

'l

The Mercedes-Benz safety instrument


panel was developed as a result of
innumerable crash tests. The surface is
of polyurethane foam on extruded sheet
metal. Underneath there are energyabsorbing cavities so that the instrument
panel can deform in stages depending
on the force of impact.
Particularly important: there are no hard,
protruding parts in the cavities.

~ The anatomically contoured seats,

Radio in the centre console can be


supplied as on optional extra.

Pictures and texts markecl l11us i'


apply to all the models described in t111s
brochure: 200 D. 220 D, 240 D.

shaped to give lateral support, are neither


too soft nor too hard. Safety seat belts
and head-rests are standard fittings on
the front seats.
Mercedes-Benz is the only car manufacturer in the Federal Republic of
Germany which has been fitting them as
standard since April 1973.

ih! _
flJ The illuminated and easily accessible
luggage compartment has a capacity of
approx. 18.7 cu. ft. A sizeable amount of
holiday luggage can be comfortably
accomodated.

it There is forced ventilation of the interior


by means of slits in the very sturdy,
rear roof pillars. A rain-runnel above the
rear window diverts water to the side.

1f Side windows remain free from dirt,


due to a newly designed surface on the
front roof pillars. Rainwater is diverted
away from the windows.

~i The safety seat-belts, which roll up

automatically, allow complete freedom


of movement. Only when the the seatbelt is subjected to stress or the vehicle
suddenly decelerates does the belt lock
itself.

The combination switch on the


steering column operates headlight
flasher, headlight switch, indicator switch
fingertip contact for changing lanes,
windscreen wiper switch with intermittent
control and two wiper speeds.

Arlti-burst locks won't open in an


accident, and do not jam if they have
to be opened quickly afterwards.

. ~n the outside only a model number on the boot lid distinguishes


the three vehicles of the diesel range from each other - a marked difference,
however, will be obvious during a test drive. What they do have in
common is the maximum comfort, space and seating accommodation which
are unsurpassed in their class. Also the world famous Mercedes-Benz safety
design and unequalled manoeuvrability.
In addition to their legendary economy and lasting value, the high trade-in
prices, reliability and long service life are further factors which will influence
your decision to buy one of the three diesels. 78/o of all Mercedes-Benz
diesel cars sold since 1949 are still on the road today.

This is the most economical vehicle in


the diesel range: 35 mp Imp. gal.
(Din 70 030).
The top speed of 81 mph is also the
cruising speed giving high average
speeds on long runs.
And yet this 4 cylinder, 1988 cc diesel
engine, developing 55 DIN/hp, can never
be pushed beyond its capabilities.
On all three engines, there is a monitoring device on the injection pump which
automatically limits maximum revs.

Because of its larger capacity, 2197 cc,


the 4 cylinder diesel engine in the 220 D
develops 60 DIN/hp (44 kW).
Maximum torque is 12.8 mkp (126 Nm),
compared to 11.5 mkp (113 Nm)
in the 200 D.
The marked improvement in acceleration,
however, particularly at low and medium
engine speeds, is more important than
the higher top speed (about 3 mph).
But fuel consumption remains low at
33 mp Imp. gal. (DIN 70 030).

A lively newcomer to the range - the


Mercedes-Benz 240 D, a car matured
over the years but now powered by a
new four cylinder diesel engine.
This engine sets new standards for
diesel cars: 65 DIN/hp (48 kW) from a
total piston displacement of 2404 cc.
Of particular interest is the economy in
relation to output. Driving the different
diesel models at the same speed has
demonstrated that consumption in this
car is no more than that of the 220 D.
Only when the greater power of the
240 D is used on motorways will there
be marginally higher consumption.
Maximum torque (14.0 mkp, 137 Nm) is
reached at only 2400 rpm. Acceleration
from 0 - 62 takes 24.6 secs., a very
good time for a diesel when you consider the overall weight (3065 lbs) of this
car, which was designed with safety and
comfort in mind.
The cruising speed of 86 mph makes it
more economical on long run s.
The maximum comfort which distinguishes all Mercedes-Benz models
makes even long journeys a pleasure.

The electrically heated rear window illustrated is an optional extra.

240 D

~ The Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing

axle ensures that the driving wheels


hold the road under all conditions.
When one spring is compressed, when
driving over bumps in the road for
example, the other is unaffected and
maintains a straight line. The axle is so
designed that the rear wheels present a
slightly negative camber.

A lively newcomer to the Mercedes-Benz


diesel range - the 4-cylinder diesel
engine in the 240 D develops
65 DIN/hp at 4200 rpm (48 kW at
4200/min). To guarantee good acceleration, maximum torque, 14.0 mkp
(137 Nm). is reached at only 2400 rpm.

Negative camber ensures good lateral


road holding, i.e. very good cornering
stability.

ifll The crumple zone principle of the

l\'I Individual wheel location and

bodywork: rigid passenger compartment


(safety cell), with deformable front and
rear sections to absorb impact energy.

suspension - at the front, double wishbones with anti-dive control.

Principle of the Mercedes-Benz


safety steering. Above: original condition
Below: deformation following an accident.
showing deformed impact-absorber
under the padded boss, and the
"telescoped" steering column.

The economical 4-cylinder diesel engine


in the Mercedes-Benz 200 D:
35 mp Imp. gal. (DIN 70 030).

The injection pump on all three diesel The 220 D has a top speed of approx.
engines is fitted with a pressure monitor. 84 mph. As this is also its cruising speed,
very acceptable averages are possible.
It automatically limits the maximum
engine speed. Therefore the engines can
never be pushed beyond their
capabilities.

c:t_,,r-!Jf\,q11 \,...,.. /.\' L..


[)/\J;LX,

1,-,. . . l

' ) The oupul given in


DIN/hp. or kW is effectively
available at the clutch for
driving lhe vehicle. any other
power consumption has
already been deducted.
The data given in SI units
(kW - kilowatt.
Nm - Newton metre)
has been converted and
rounded off to the nearest unit
2

Number of cylinders
Bore/stroke
Total displacement
Engine output acc. to DIN1)
Max. torque acc. to DIN')
Compression
Oil capacity crankcase
max./min.
Capacity of cooling system
Generator
Battery
Max. speed
Tyres. tubeless
Fuel
Fuel consumption
acc. to DIN 70 030 2)
Tank capacity
incl. reserve
Weights
Kerb weight
Perm. total weight
Trailer load with brake3)
Trailer load without brake 3)

Technical data acc. to


DIN 70 020 and 70 030.
Fuel consumption according to
DIN 70 030. This value is
obtained at a consistent speed
of ~. of macimum speed. on an
even road. plus 10%.

This method is used by all


automobile manufacturers in lhe
Federal Republic of Germany.
The consumption values quoted
are therefore calculated under
the same c onditions and
provide a real basis for comparison. However. they do not
correspond to lhe actual
amount of fuel consumed.
as this varies according to lhe
way of driving. road and
c limatic conditions etc.
Fuel consumption according lo
DIN 70 030 is therefore only a
comparative value and nol lhe
actual amount of fuel consumed.

') The weights q uoted are


maximum weights. valid within
the Federal Republic of
Germany. In va11ous
countries other figures will apply.
' ) Dimensions vary acc. to
silting position.
The contents of this brochure are
not binding and the right is reserved
lo make modifications without notice.

......

200 D

220 D

240 D

4
87/83.6 mm
1988 cc
55 net b.h.p. at 4200 rpm
40 kW at 4200/min
11.5 mkp at 2400 rpm
113 Nm at 2400/min
21

4
87/92.4 mm
2197 cc
60 net b.h.p. at 4200 rpm
44 kW at 4200/min
12.8 mkp at 2400 rpm
126 Nm at 2400/min
21

4
91/92.4 mm
2404 cc
65 net b.h.p. at 4200 rpm
48 kW at 4200/min
14.0 mkp at 2400 rpm
137 Nm at 2400/min
21

5.0/3.5 litres, 8.8/6.2 Imp. pis.


10. 7 litres, 18.8 Imp. pts.
14 V/35 A
12 V/66 Ah
approx. 130 km/h, 81 mph
6.95-14/175-14/4 PR
Diesel

5.0/3.5 litres, 8.8/6.2 Imp. pis.


10.3 litres. 18.1 Imp. pis.
14 V/35 A
12 V/88 Ah
approx. 135 km/h, 84 mph
6.95-14/175-14/4 PR
Diesel

5.0/3.5 litres, 8.8/6.2 Imp. pts.


10.0 litres, 17.6 Imp. pts.
14 V/35 A
12 V/88 Ah
approx. 138 km/h, 86 mph
6.95-14/175-14/4 PR
Diesel

8.1 litres/100 km, 35 mp Imp. gal.


65 litres. 14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres, 2.0 Imp. gals.

8.5 litres/100 km, 33 mp Imp. gal.


65 litres, 14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres, 2.0 Imp. gals.

9.5 litres/100 km, 30 mp Imp. gal.


65 litres, 14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres. 2.0 Imp. gals.

1375 kg
1895 kg
1200 kg
725 kg

1385 kg
1905 kg
1200 kg
730 kg

1390 kg
1910kg
1200 kg
750 kg

3030 lbs.
41751bs.
2645 lbs.
1600 lbs.

3055 lbs.
4200 lbs.
2645 lbs.
161O lbs.

3065
4210
2645
1655

lbs.
lbs.
lbs.
lbs.

. ilt.v.,.his catalogue describes


the basic equipment laid down for the
Federal Republic of Gernany.
In various other countries the basic
equipment can vary, due partly to
different legal requirements
We therefore request our customers
to obtain information from their
Mercedes-Benz distributors as to the
equipment actually available.

200 D, 220 D, 240 D


engine
Diesel system;
four-cylinder in-line with
1,988 cc, 2,197 cc or
2404 cc. Mechanical
4-plunger injection pump
with automatic timing
device; pre-combustion
chamber injection system.

Transmission/ Clutch
Fully synchronized
4-speed transmission with
steering column or floor
shift, self-adjusting
diaphragm spring clutch.
Optional extra:
Mercedes-Benz automatic
transmission.

The contents of this brochure are not


binding and the right is reserved to
make modifications without notice.

Axles
Front axle:
Axle support with double
wishbones and anti-dive
control,
Rear axle:
Mercedes-Benz diagonal
swing axle with brake
torque compensation.
Optional extra: level control.

Suspension
On front and rear axle two
coil springs, one anti-roll
bar. Two double action
hydraulic telescopic shock
absorbers front and rear.
Brakes
Dual circuit power braking
system; disc brakes on all
four wheels; parking brake
with separate brake shoes
and brake drums; brakefailure warning light for
both circuits.
Steering
Exact, light recirculating
ball steering, steering
damper, large padded
steering wheel boss,
impact aborber under the
padded boss. telescopically collapsible steering
column, steering box
located well behind the
front axle.
Optional extra:
Mercedes-Benz power
steering.

Bodywork
Frame floor unit firmly
welded to the body, rigid,
torsion-resistant passeng1
compartment (safety cell)
energy-absorbing front or
rear sections, optimum
vision on all sides, panoramie safety glass
windows. four doors,
easy to close, rubber sW1
inserts on both sides,
bumpers with broad rubt
inserts.

Seats
Anatomically contoured
seats shaped to give
lateral support, seat
springing adjusted to
vehicle suspension and
sitting position, front seal
adjustable forwards or
backwards plus backrest
angle, firmly anchored,
reclining seat fittings.
Three-point inertia reel
safety belts which roll up
automatically and safety
head-rests on the front SE

t firmly
)Ody, rigid,
t passenger
safety cell).
ng front and
)ptimum
jes, pano~
ass
joors,
rubber strip
sides,
Jroad rubber

ontoured
:ogive
seat
3ted to
ision and
front seats
1ards or
s backrest
1chored,
'ittings.
~rtia reel
1ich roll up
ind safety
the front seats.

Heating and ventilation

Lighting system

Signalling system

Miscellaneous

Continuous warm or cold


air flow, draught free,
with additional booster for
windscreen, side windows,
front and rear foot wells,
air volume and air distribution for warm and cold
air infinitely variable up and
down, heating separately
controlled for right and
left sides. Large fresh-air
inlet in the middle of the
instrument panel, infinitely
variable adjustment to right
and left.

Parking lights: assymetric


low beam (dimmer), high
beam headlights, foglamps
(optional extra: halogen
H 4 lamps), side indicator
lights, reversing light;
infinitely variable instrument lighting, luggage
compartment light, interior
lights with door contacts
and hand switch, lighting
for ashtray, glove box and
heater control.

Headlight flasher, selfcancelling indicators


and finger-tip contact for
changing lanes, operated
by the combination switch
on the steering column;
high-frequency horn,
brake lights, indicator
warning lights.

Parcel tray between front


seats, pockets on the front
doors, glove compartment.
rear window shelf, interior
rear view mirror adjustable
to anti-glare position,
exterior mirror adjustable
from inside. padded sun
visors with vanity mirror on
passenger side, grab
handles on roof frame,
clothes hooks on rear grab
handles, padded armrests
on doors, grab handle on
passenger side; centre
armrest on rear seat,
cigar lighter, ashtray at the
front and rear, anchorage
points for safetay belts at
the back. carpets throughout, towing lugs front and
rear.

Windscreen

Laminated safety glass,


screen washer footoperated with wiper
contact, 2-speed windscreen wipers with intermittent control, operated
by the combination switch
on the steering column.

Instruments

Instrument panel padded,


yielding on impact;
speedometer, oil pressure
gauge, fuel gauge, water
temperature gauge;
indicator lights for parking
brake, for battery, flashing
indicators, high beam and
fuel reserve; electric clock;
total mileage recorder,
crysral-controlled, total
mileage recorder, daily
mileage recorder.

Locks

Safety locks on all doors


with safety catch and
child-proof locking system
on the rear doors; luggage
compartment lid lock;
steering wheel lock combined with glowing and
starting switch ; master key
for the doors, steering
wheel lock and luggage
compartment, second key
for doors and steering
wheel lock only.

...

f you want to personalise your Mercedes-Benz in


order to give it an individual
atmosphere many extras are
available. Here are just a few
examples.
1a11

Mercedes-Benz powerassisted steering

Easy steering when parking


and on tight corners.
Considerable reduction in
effort required and number
of wheel turns because of
hydraulic assistance.
Complete "feel" of the road
in all situations.
Air-conditioning

The Mercedes-Benz air


conditioning system looks
after your physical comfort,
in bumper-to-bumper
traffic on motorways, in towns
during the rush hour.
Easy operation - first
button: on/off.
Second button: temperature
regulator. Adjustable
louvres for directing the
stream of air. The airconditioning system works

Mercedes-Benz
automatic transmission

With Mercedes-Benz
automatic transmission you
can drive at speeds
dictated by traffic flow,
without having to operate
the clutch or change gear.
When overtaking you need
only to "kick-down" the
accelerator into what is
called the forced throttle
position in order to change
into the appropriate gear.
After overtaking, the transmission automatically
changes back again into
the higher gears.
Gear changing takes place
without interruption of the
power flow.
It is possible to override
the automatic transmission
any time by operating the
selector lever.
Headlight cleaning
equipment

Headlights are kept clean


while you are driving.
Operated in conjunction
with the windscreen wiper
unit. When the lights are

cleaned automatically
every time the windscreen
washer is used.
Telephone

With a car telephone you


can be more independent.
Important decisions can
be made while travelling
and passed on to others.
Information about car
telephone systems can be
obtained from any
Mercedes-Benz branch or
distributor.
Radio

A car radio not only


provides entertainment.
Reports on road conditions,
traffic hold-ups, diversions
etc. help the driver to
avoid annoying delays.
"Europa", "Grand Prix",
"Grand Prix Stereo" and
"Mexico Cassette Stereo"
can be installed at the
factory. In addition, for
foreign markets there is
the "Monte Carlo" model.
Other makes can be fitted
at Mercedes-Benz
branches or agencies.

Electrically heated
rear window

The electric heating


de-ices the rear window
quickly and prevents
fogging up.
Switches off automatically
after about half an hour to
avoid unnecessary
current consumption.
Sliding roof

Steel sliding roof weatherproof and maintenance-free. Manually


or electrically operated
versions available.
Other extras

Level control;
manual or electric aerials;
,
MB Tex or leather
'
upholstery; orthopaedic
backrests; set of suitcases ~
for better use of boot
space; special paintwork,
and many more.
~i

m'

Further details

can be found in our


~
brochure "Mercedes-Benz ~.
Special Equipment".

AFTER-SALES SERVICE TAILORED TO INDIVIDUAL NEEDS

..I
I

A
B

'

Overall height, 1Jnladen


1440 mm
Overall width
1770 mm
4680 mm
c Overall length
0
Wheelbase
2750 mm
4
E
Steering wheel - driver's seat backrest )
400 mm
F
Seat height, unladen, front
965 mm
4
G Driver's backrest - rear seat backrest )
755 mm
H
Seat height at rear
860 mm
J
Overal seat width front
1490 mm
K
Width at shoulder height, front
1410 mm
Overall seat width front
L
1485 mm
M Width at shoulder height. rear
1405 mm
Track width, front
1448 mm
Track width, rear
1440 mm
Turning circle diameter
10.98 m
Boot space
approx. 0.53 m3

..,,,,,,1 .',,,.. ercedes-Benz


became conscious of their responsibility
for road safety long before the public
began discussing the subject.
Our safety research began more than
30 years ago. Since then a comprehensive system of safety measures.
complementary to each other, has been
developed.

1
Driving
safety

Active
safety

Passive
safety

Exterior
safety

Mercedes-Benz safety system.

Just a few examples:


~) 1939. Development of
safety features in the
research and development
vehicle 11; an extremely
rigid base, three-part
steering column.
~ 1949. Safety door lock.
itl 1"951/52. Development
of the world's first safety
design for car bodies with
distortion-resistant
passenger compartment.
Impact-absorbing front and
rear sections (crumple
zones).
~~ 1957. Heating and
ventilation with fan-assisted
ventilation for the interior.
'"' 1959. First seriesproduction cars with
safety-design bodies.
I.ti 1963. Standard dualcircuit braking system.
~ 1967. Mercedes-Benz
safety steering; this
prevents the dreaded
"impaling" by the steering
column.

This scheme argues that


safety must be effective in
two directions:

Active safety
(To avoid accidents)
This includes safe brakes,
running gear which holds
its course. as well as steps
taken to keep the driver
alert, for making his task
easier in traffic and for
affording him maximum
safety under all conditions.
For example, comfortable
seats, all-round visibility,
economy of effort.

Passive safety
(To eliminate or reduce the
effects of an accident.)
This includes interior and
exterior safety.
Interior safety protects the
driver and passengers
w ithin the vehicle. This is
only made possible by a
host of individual elements
which are all interdependent and take effect
Conscious of their respon- progressively.
@ Rigid passenger
sibility, Mercedes-Benz
compartment; deformable,
have pursued a proimpact-absorbing front and
gramme of systematic
rear sections (crumple
safety research.
zones.)
A safety scheme was
Anti-burst locks.
developed many years
ei All parts against which
ago and in 1966 it was
presented in the USA at an the occupants could be
thrown are either padded,
international conference.
flattened or recessed,
or so designed that they
yield on impact.
~) Padded, deformable
instrument panel which
yields in stages.
$ Safety steering with
large padded boss on the
steering wheeel; collapsible impact absorber
under the padded boss;
steering column "telescopes" under impact;

steering box located well


behind the front axle;
non-splintering steering
wheel.
@ Padded door and roof
pillars.
~' Front seat backrest
supports deeply recessed
in the thick upholstery.
~ Wide strips of padding
on upper edge of backrest
rear panels.
~ Interior mirror springs
out on impact.
:{to Flush-fitting door
handles.
@ Flexible grab-handles.
fl Padded sun visors.
~ Centre console deforms
on impact.
Safety belts and headrests.
Exterior safety helps to
reduce or eliminate injury
to other road users.
tJ.!:! No projecting parts;
the exterior shape of the
bodywork is so designed
that in the event of an
accident pedestrians or
other vehicles are not
caught on it.
~ No sharp edges
:3 Round design of
bumpers with wide rubber
inserts.
@ Rounded safety door
handles.

,_ 1_'Ao.,1,_ 1rv
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E:CONQ~.J1Y

1. ~.l.~

~ ~:
1

.Nell

1g

oof

t
ssed

{.

jing
:krest
gs

es.

etter utilization of fuel


thanks to sturdy engine design coupled
with minimum repair requirements
explain the convincing economy and
long service life of the Mercedes-Benz
Diesel.
Mercedes-Benz build these cars for
drivers who consider low costs per mile,
optimum comfort and safety at high
average speeds more important than a
top speed which can only rarely be
made use of.
Mercedes-Benz built the world's first
passenger car with diesel engine in 1936.
In September 1971 the 1,000,000th
Mercedes-Benz diesel to be manufactured since 1949 left the production line.

orms
?ad-

jury
'

the

1ed
I

or

bber
or

With one full tank any of the three


Mercedes-Benz diesels will cover approx.
30% more miles than comparable
petrol-driven cars.

Exceptionally low
consumption figures
fi1 Under the technical
superyision of the ARBO
and OAMTC motoring
organizations. Austrian
automobile journalists
subjected the Mercedes
diesel to a gruelling
series of tests:
~ 12 Mercedes 220 D
covered a total of
22,000 km in the course
of the GroBglocknerFelbertauern mountain
test at an average speed
of 70.94 km/h and with an
average consumption rate
of only 8.46 1/100 km.
In the city test covering
13.5 km through the centre
of Vienna in 24-hour nonstop operation a
Mercedes-Benz 220 D
achieved the incredibly
low consumption rate of
only 7.22 1/100 km.
.~ 50 Mercedes-Benz
passenger cars completed
the 731. 7 km longdistance
test route Salzburg Graz - Vienna - Linz Salzburg at an average
speed of 90 km/h and with
an overall average fuel
consumption of just 9.92 II
100 km.
~JI 10 vehicles which were
driven at an average
speed of 80 km/h attained
a result of 7.79 11100 km.

Minimum repairs
41: Maintenance-free
injection unit.
$ A pneumatic governor
on the injection pump
limits the maximum engine
speed; even on long
journeys at top speed it is
impossible to overtax the
engine.
4 The Mercedes-Benz
precombustion chamber
system has shown its
worth a million times over:
the 1,000,000th diesel
proves it. Here lies the
secret - this is why
Mercedes-Benz diesels
are so exceptionally quiet
and smooth-running.

Long service life


~ 78% of the MercedesBenz diesel passenger
cars sold in the Federal
Republic of Germany
since 1949 are still in
service today.
~P Quality backed up by
statistics.

'''""

l,. . driver is entitled to

expect that his vehicle will start at any


time, and will do its job reliably and
without problems. With this knowledge
the driver is relaxed and at ease.
Safe driver reactions and a technically
impeccable vehicle provide the perfect
team. Reliability is the result of mature
design, high-quality materials and
quality workmanship.

High resale prices


~, Even as used cars with
high mileages the
Mercedes-Benz diesels
undisputedly fetch the
highest prices.
~ Every used car dealer is
on the look-out for these
sturdy. longlived and
extremely economical cars.
Clean
~; A correctly adjusted
injection pump ensures
optimum combustion of
the fuel injected.
Toxic contents in the
exhaust gases of the
diesel amount to only half
of those found in comparable petrol engines as far
as nitrous oxide is concerned and to as little as a
tenth as regards carbon
monoxide.
(/) These excellent features
will secure a good market
for the diesel in the future.

Important bolts are checked individually


by hand - the paint seal indicates they
have been passed.

Bodywork
\~ Frame-floor unit firmly
welded to the integral
body, therefore extremely
torsion-resistant.
@ Unpleasant noises
(rattles etc) eliminated.
~ Four large exactlyfitting doors, easy to get in
and out - for passengers
in the back as well.
'ifJ All electrical units are
separately earthed. This is
expensive but also absolutely reliable.

Running gear
itr,1 Running gear with high
reserves of safety.
f!P Frame-floor assembly,
central members and
box-type side and cross
members firmly welded to
the sheet steel floor.
~ Front axle support
suspended on the front
frame side members by
rubber mountings.
~ Engine-gearbox unit
rests on the front axle
support with two rubber
mounts at the front and
one rubber mount on the
frame at the rear.
1~1 Spring stop on the
telescopic shock absorbers.
~1 Hydraulic, dual-circuit
brakes with servo assistance; disc brakes all
round.
W Every type of engine,
axle and gearbox is
subjected to extensive
tests under all possible
conditions.
~ In addition, every single
rear axle undergoes four
diferent test for sealing
after assembly.

Engines
~ Engines constructed to
last a long time.
6 Injection unit unaffectec
by moisture
~ Overhead camshafts.
~ Forged, inductivelyhardened crankshaft.
10 Every valve turns a
fraction of a revolution on
every stroke. This makes
burnt spots between valve
seat and valve disc
practically impossible.
M The shaft of every
exhaust valve is filled with
sodium. This reduces the
temperature of the reinforced valve seats.

Parts supplied by
outside contractors
All parts which
Mercedes-Benz do not
produce themselves
undergo rigorous testing
before they are installed
even though they have
already been inspected b)
the manufacturers.
In addition, random
samples are subjected to
severe testing on test
stands, corresponding to
many years driving on the
road.

*)

, t.'r, .. 1-,
:)
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,

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1'"

Important note
Certain design features are
repeated under different
.headings in the following
chapters. This repetition is
necessary because one
technical feature often
fulfils several functions.

For example:
Individual wheel location
and suspension.
It is important for:

3. Reliability
Constant wheel-adhesion
ensures that the engine
power is reliably transmitted to the road.

1. Comfort
Bumps in the road are not
transmitted to the bodywork, thanks to smooth,
even handling characteristics.
2. Safety
It influences directional
stability and active driving
safety.

I ,

WL....,,orward-looking vehicle design,

high-class quality of material and workmanship, model policy which does not
follow fashion for fashion's sake - these
are the most important factors behind the
classic image for which Mercedes-Benz
has always been renowned. This policy
ensures high resale prices.

It is a comforting thought, particularly on


holiday - there are approx. 4300
service stations in 165 countries.

Quality of material and


workmanship
~ Hollow parts are coated
with zinc paint before
assembly to prevent
inside corrosion.
1
The body shell is
washed and coated with
phosphates. This provides
the first protective coat of
fine-grained zinc phosphates. After the application of
phosphates comes the
passivation which,
in conjunction with the
paint covering, helps to
prevent corrosion.
~ The first primer is
applied by dipping in a
bath.
'~) Sharp edges are coated
by hand with liquid plastic
to prevent rust here as
well.
~ The front and sides are
given a flexible plastic
coating to protect them
against damage caused
by stones.
~ The second primer
guarantees a good, even
coating on all parts of the
bodywork.
Vehicle underfloor,
wheel arches, door-sills
and the lower part of the
front are given special
protection with a thick,
flexible coating.
The next coating
provides a base for the top
coat and improves the
quality of the finished
surface.
@1 The final top coat not
only makes the car good
to look at, but also
provides excellent protection against any harsh
elements in the air.

Every coat of paint is


annealed at temperatures
between 130 and 165 C.
!iii All hollow parts are also
treated with a special way
which "creeps" and stays
put even on vertical surfaces. Corrosive influences
resulting from condensation are therefore reduced
to a minimum.
~ All parts which are
installed later (axles,
transmission shaft, track
rods etc.) are, together
with the engine compartment and the whole
underside of the vehicle,
covered with a thick
protective wax.
$ Altogether, approx.
20 kg of paint, 14 kg
underfloor coating and wax
are needed for each
vehicle.
l!~ The axle housings and
engine block are coated
inside with a special heat
and oil-resistant paint.

Service
There is a total of
4,345 service stations in
165 countries in the world.
~ Experienced service
experts are kept up to
date by factory specialists.
~~ That provides safety
and attention especially on
holiday trips.
Extract from the
"Frankfurter Allgemeine
Zeitung" of 15th
November 1971:
High insurance premium
for cars needing many
repairs
Austrian insurance
companies are changing
their comprehensive and
collision insurance
system ...

St A total of 19 types of
bodywork repairs frequently
carried out (e.g. wings,
doors, bumpers) were
included in the calculations.
The result will surprise
many drivers.
l1 Daimler-Benz came out
best. In future the
Mercedes vehicles, for
which replacement of all
body panels amounts to
35.3% of the purchase
price, will therefore have
the best comprehensive
insurance rate in Austria ...

~,"~~~4

omfort is more than a


general feeling of ease. Mercedes-Benz
comfort is the product of scientific
research - the interplay of many factors
with the aim of keeping the driver
relaxed and yet alert.
This interplay is planned right from the
design and development stages.
Running gear, interior, seating, controls
and many other factors are all properly
coordinated and form an inseparable unit.

Two Mercedes-Benz
among the best ten in
the world
A well-known motoring
magazine chose the top
ten cars from the entire
world.
.{!~ In 1971 four vehicles
from Germany were
included.
~ And two of these were
Mercedes-Benz.
@ A member of the
editorial staff commented
as follows: "If you judge all
the cars in the world on
the basis of engineering,
construction integrity,
reliability and the degree
of perfection with which
they fulfil their intended
function, then the best
cars in the world are
probably all built by
Mercedes-Benz."
(Road & Track, August 1971)

Running gear
Reliable road-adhesion
of the wheels.
,~ Safe cornering stability.
I!' Good straight line
stability.
t~ Individual wheel location
and suspension. At the
front: double wishbones
with anti-dive control;
at the rear: diagonal swing
axle with brake torque
compensation.
(ti Comfortable suspension,
good vibration damping.
\I) Anti-roll bars at the front
and rear to eliminate
unpleasant body-roll on
corners.
'P Hydraulic telescopic
shock absorbers filled with
gas.
~ Movements of the
steering wheel are transmitted directly and accurately to the front wheels
with little effort thanks to
Mercedes-Benz recirculating ball steering.
Steering dampers.

'*

Bodywork
Roomy interior yet
exterior dimensions permit
good handling in traffic.
This bodywork provides
the optimum answer to
basically contradictory
demands.
mSmall turning circle and
good all-round visibility.
(!;! Large doors; getting in
and out is easy and
comfortable.
4') Windscreen wipers with
two speeds and intermittent control.
Pl) Side windows largely
free of dirt thanks to the
aerodynamically designed
deflectors on the front
pillars.

>'1J

All control switches and instruments are


designed to be within easy reach and
within the driver's field of vision. They are
also laid out in a way which avoids
confusion.

Rear light covers which


minimise dirt adhesion.
High-intensity headlights
and foglamps.
~ Clearly visible signals.
Roomy luggage
compartment, well-lit and
easy to load.
Rubber pads between
wheel suspension and the
bodywork provide insulation against vibrations and
noises.
{I! Hermetic separation of
the engine and passenger
compartments.

Seats
"! Headrests and inertia
reel three-point safety belts
which roll up automatically.
~(/ Driver is kept alert by
contoured seats.
~1 Anatomically correct
sitting position.
fl Firm lateral support.
~ Infinitely adjustable
backrests.
({~ Continuous absorption
of any body-moisture.
l!J> Steel spring core with
graduated, relatively taut
spring action.
'13 No tiring vibrations.
Interior
Thighs adequately
Iii~ Design from the inside
supported.
outwards, hence greatest
Relaxed posture.
possible freedom of move- ~ Sufficient distance from
ment inside with exterior
the steering wheel and
dimensions permitting
windscreen.
good handling in traffic.
~1 Ample leg room.
.fl< Little effort required for
G Plenty of room for head
operation so that the
and shoulders.
driver does not become
tired.
Heating and ventilation
~ All switches and levers
~ Draught-free continuous
designed and positioned
air-stream of warm or cold
in a manner which is
air with additional blower
logically and physiologifor windscreen, side
cally sound; they are easy windows and footwells.
to locate and almost
~; Air volume and air
impossible to confuse.
distribution for warm and
Non-dazzle, central
cold air infinitely variable
arrangement of instruupwards and downwards.
ments in a cluster in the top ~ Separate heating
section of the instrument
controls for left and right
panel.
sides.
19) Outside mirror can be
$ Infinitely adjustable
adjusted from the inside.
wide-range spherical
Parcel tray, well-lit glove
vents for warm and cold
compartment, pockets on air on the right and left of
front doors, spacious rear the dashboard.
window shelf.
~1 Large fresh air inlets in
@ Four upholstered armthe middle of the dashrests, centre armrest
board adjustable in all
between rear seats.
directions.
e Hard-wearing carpets. (ti Continuous ventilation.

T E L.

',.

I
r

ndividual motoring has unrivalled advantages: you can choose where,


when and with whom you want to travel. Since there is no substitute which gives
this independence, the car will always be irreplaceable.
It is, however, an indisputable fact of life that traffic problems do exist. But is there
a Utopian solution? There is not the slightest sign of any real alternative to the
car for individual transport either now or for the foreseeable future. Theoretical
discussions have so far got us nowhere. Every single Mercedes-Benz car bears
witness to the fact that a sense of responsibility towards society can be reconciled
with the aims of an economically-orientated business organisation. We have
always been fully aware of the cost/benefit ratio in the constant development and
improvement of our products.
Naturally, our designers are limited in what they can do. Limited by the laws of
nature, by the level of technological know-how and by costs. But with every new
model, we endeavour to extend these limits.
For you the obvious improvements are safer, more comfortable and effortless
motoring. But even the superlative Mercedes-Benz technology cannot relieve you
of the responsibility of driving with courtesy and consideration. Today the
driver's own self-control is just as important as having a car which is easily
controlled. Individual motoring will only remain acceptable if the driver, the car
designer and the road engineer in combination all contribute towards a common
end. This really is the only way it can be achieved.
,l</. .

The most successful Mercedes-Benz


models, the range from the 220 D to the
280 CE, now come even closer to
perfection.
They incorporate the results of the most
recent research, in particular those
measures designed to improve safety
even further, and they also include a
number of safety features derived from
the Experimental Safety Vehicle (ESV).
The fundamental concept, unsurpassed
to this day, and which has proved itself
a hundred thousand times, has been
retained. This, incidentally, is also the
basis for the new S-class vehicles. An
example of this is the safety suspension
with the diagonal swing-axle, and the
front and rear disc brakes.

1~

.:/~
. -w_.J

Additional improvements now include :


~ Rain channel in the windscreen pillars
to help keep the side windows clean.
t~ The rear lights have ridged lenses,
developed in the wind tunnel, which
largely prevent dirt clinging to the surface.
t~ A rain runnel above the rear window
which diverts the water to the sides.
The rear view thus remains unobscured.
(<t The exterior mi rror which is adjustable
from inside, even with the windows
closed. Less likely to get dirty because
it is recessed in the frame, it is located
well within the driver's field of vision.
~~ Another measure to improve the safety
of the occupants: From 1st January 1974,
normal three-point safety belts will be
compulsory in the Federal Republic of
Germany. But Mercedes-Benz already fit
what they consider a sensible combination in all their vehicles : inertia reel
seat belts, and headrests.

A particular advantage of the


Mercedes-Benz three-point seat belts is
that they roll up automatically. They are
never in the way when not in use. When
fastened, they still allow complete freedom
of movement.
Only when the seat belt is subjected to
stress or the vehicle suddenly decelerates
does the belt lock itself automatically.
Both the upper and lower parts of the
body are simultaneously restrained.
Th~ height and angle of the headrests
on the front seats will adjust to suit tall
or short people alike, in any driving
position. They are shaped to minimize
"blacklash" of the head.
~ The styling of the front of the car has
been altered as well : the bonnet is flatter,
and the radiator is lower and wider.
Additional cooling air enters through wide
louvres situated beneath the bumpers .

'

The Mercedes-Benz 200 is a mature, compact and easy-to-handle vehicle which


demonstrates its outstanding value day after day. Its 4-cylinder petrol engine,
producing 95 DIN/hp ( = 70 kW), is a power unit which has proved itself
a hundred thousand times and provides good performance. This engine is not
tuned like that of a sports car. Its strength lies in its excellent flexibility and high
engine speeds. The Mercedes-Benz 200 is suitable for the smooth, relaxed driver
as it is for the live-wire motorist.
Carburation is by a crossdraught carburettor which ensures the best possible
fuel/air mixture at all engine speeds. The engine output characteristics are similar
to those of a fuel injection engine, especially when accelerating from the lower
speed ranges.
The 200 seats five people comfortably, yet its compact body design and exterior
dimensions make it easy to handle in traffic. A test drive will very soon show
you that the seating and interior comfort are unrivalled. The passenger space,
designed as a safety cell, is surrounded by a complete system of sound-absorbing
components. Engine and passenger compartments are hermetically separated.
rhe driver always has both the front and the rear of the car well within his field
of vision. Driving into or out of parking spaces is no longer a question of
hit-or-miss, you know the exact size of your car. There are layers of rubber
insulation on all connection points to prevent vibrations and tyre or engine noises
from being transferred to the body.
As in all the vehicles in the passenger car programme, the entire range of
Mercedes-Benz safety features is incorporated in the 200.

'

The excellent torque characteristics of


the very flexible 4-cylinder engine in the
Mercedes-Benz 200 provide for both
unhurried and faster styles of driving.
95 DIN/hp at 4,800 rpm or 70 kW at
4,800/min.

The Mercedes-Benz sa fety instrument


panel has been developed from
experience gained in innumerable crash
tests. The surface is of polyurethane
foam padding on extruded sheet metal.

Untorneath there are energy-absorbing


cavities so that the instrument panel can
yield in stages, depending on the force
of the impact. Particularly important:
there are no hard and protruding parts
in the cavities.

Ill ustrations and text marked thL1s


apply to all the models described In 111111
brochure: 200, 2304, 2306 and 250

Carburation is by a crossdraught carThe crumple-zone principle of the body: ~ Independent wheel location and
burettor which ensures the best possible rigid passenger compartment (safety cell), suspension; at the front: double wishfu el/air mixture at all engine speeds.
with deformable, energy-absorbing front bones with anti-dive control.
and rear sections.

The exterior mirror can be adjusted


from inside the car with the window
closed.

Headrests and inertia reel safety belts


are standard. The height and angle
of the headrests can be adjusted to suit
people of any height.

Heating and ventilation. The supply


and direction of fresh warm or cool air
can be infinitely and separately cont1olll'd

l~

with the new 4-cylinder engine


For years the Mercedes-Benz 230 has been making friends all over the world.
Now there is a new 2304 model with a 4-cylinder engine. It is a sophisticated, highperformance car which gets its power from its cubic capacity rather than from
high engine speeds. This performance is due to the special characteristics of
its short-stroke engine. It is exactly right for today's traffic conditions. It is not so
important to reach very high top speeds as to have fast-accelerating, flexible
engines which can cope with a great variety of traffic situations.
In urban traffic, with its constantly changing patterns, the new 4-cylinder 2304 can
be driven effartlessly with few gear changes. The car makes life decidedly
easier for the driver. The new 4-cylinder engine develops 110 DIN/hp at 4,800 rpm
or 81 kW at 4,800/min. Maximum torque: 19.0 mkp at 2,500 rpm or 186 Nm at
2,500/min.

with 6-cylinder engine


For years, the 2306, with its 6-cylinder engine, has had its established place
in the extensive range of elegant and powerful Mercedes-Benz cars. The engine
has proved itself in tens of thousands of Mercedes-Benz vehicles all over
the world. The discriminating few who demand refined automotive technology will
find it in the vibration-free engine. It adapts itself effortlessly to all traffic
conditions. Its basic design makes it a sturdy, reliable and, for a 6-cylinder engine,
very economical unit. The 6-cylinder engine of the Mercedes-Benz 2306
develops 120 DIN/hp at 5,400 rpm or 88 kW at 5,400/min. Maximum torque:
18.2 mkp or 178 N rn at 3,600/min.
Both cars can be driven continuously
at top speed without any qualms.
Mercedes-Benz engines are known for
their sturdiness. The running gear ensures
steady and safe driving characteristics,
even at top speeds. The car is easy to
control at all times.

It can seat five people; functional comfort


is the keynote for its interior finish, which
will satisfy any demand. In this car, longdistance travelling is still a pleasure for
driver and passengers alike.
The quality of materials and workmanship is of a standard as yet unsurpassed .

There are no distracting noises, nor lack


of attention to detail.
Quality is the guiding principle not only
at all stages of production but also
during the whole design process, which
begins on the drawing board .

The radial ply tyres shown in the pictu re are optional extras, as are the car radio and the manually or electrically retractable aerial.

I,

Jl

Above: 2.3 I 4-cylinder engine with


110 DIN/hp at 4,800 rpm or 81 kW at
4,800/min.
Below: 2.3 I 6-cylinder engine with
120 DIN/hp at 5,400 rpm or 88 kW at
5,400/min.

m All Mercedes-Benz models have dualcircuit servo-assisted disc brakes on all


four wheels.

Although the spacious interior seats


five people comfortably, the car has
exterior dimensions which permit easy
handling in traffic, and a very small
turning circle (36.03 ft). The seats give
firm lateral support and are neither too

soft nor too hard; their anatomically


correct design is the result of exhaustive
research. Front headrests and inertia reel
safety belts are standard. MB-Tex
upholstery is available on request.

n A low waistline and a good view of


front and rear make for excellent (87 /o)

l.'I Principle of the Mercedes-Benz safety

IN The combination switch on the steering


steering.
column operates headlight flasher, high
Above: original condition.
beam headlights, indicators, fingertip
Below: deformation following an accident, contact for changing lanes, windscreen
showing deformed impact-absorber under wipers with two speeds and intermittent
the padded boss, and the "telescoped"
control.

Anti-burst locks won't open in an


accident, and do not jam when they
have to be opened quickly afterwards.

all-round visibility.

r.t All switches, levers and handles are

flexible or flush-mounted. One switch


controls headligths, parking lights,
foglamps, rear foglight and side lights.

The Mercedes-Benz250 has a powerful 6-cylinder engine with 130DIN/hp (96kW).


Here again, it must be said that a fast, powerful engine alone does not make a
perfect car. Mercedes-Benz apply more exacting standards. Safety and comfort are
of at least equal importance. The running gear does not transmit uncomfortable
vibrations to the passengers, and it ensures safe roadholding, even under extreme
conditions. The 250 is a combination of the very best features one can ask
a car to have: spacious interior, a smooth ride, power and safety.
The 6-cylinder engine reaches its maximum torque of 22 mkp (216 Nm)
at 3,200 rpm. This means very good acceleration, even in lower speed ranges.
Engine valve control is by overhead camshaft.
Fuel mixture is effected in two compound downdraught carburettors. Only the frrst
stage, which the driver controls directly with the accelerator, operates in the
lower and middle engine speed ranges. When higher engine performance is
required and a specific intake manifold vacuum pressure is exceeded, the second
stage of the carburettor cuts in automatically. This type of carburettor design
is best for the 6-cylinder engine of the 250.
With their 250, Mercedes-Benz have made sure that driving requires as little effort
as possible. The overall concept, based on safety principles, keeps the driver
calm and cool. This is indispensable in today's traffic.

The radio shown in the picture is an optional extra, as is the electrically heated rear winaow, operated by a switch on the
centre! console, and which switches itself off automatically after a specified time.

The 6-cylinder engine of the 250 with


overhead camshaft and two compound
downdraught carburettors:
130 DIN/hp at 5,000 rpm or 96 kW at
5,000/min.

\ff Between the rear seat with its folding

legroom. Space is not the only criterion


centre armrest - seat depth 19.7 in. , over- for comfort. Anatomically-contoured seats,
all width 58.5 in. - and the front seats,
the result of exhaustive physiological
passengers in the back have ample
research, also contribute.

At low and medium speeds, only the first ltil The bodywork has all-round protection.
Wide rubber strips in the bumpers at the
stages of the carburettors are used.
When a higher engine output is required, front and rear, and rubber inserts in the
chrome strips along the sides.
the second stages automatically cut in.

ll! The Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing

axle ensures safe and constant roadadhesion of the driving wheels. When
one wheel is deflected, by bumps in the
road for example, the other maintains a
straight line.

Large doors make getting in and out


Fully-reclining front seats are adjusteasy. The safety instrument panel was
able forwards and backwards and for
developed after innumerable crash tests. rake.
The radio shown here is an optional extra.

11 The ridged profile of the rear light


unit helps prevent dust and dirt clinging
to the surface.

1
)

The output given in DIN/hp. or kW is


effectively available al the clutch for driving the
vehicle, any other power consumption has
already been deducted.
The data given in SI units (kW= kilowatt,
Nm = Newton metre) has been converted and
rounded off to the nearest unit.

2
)

Technical data acc. to DIN 70 020 and 70 030.


Fuel consumption according to DIN 70 030.
This value is obtained at a consistent speed
of 110 km/ h (68 mph) on an even road,
plus 10 0/o. This method is used by all
automobi le manufacturers in the Federal
Republic of Germany. The consumption
values quoled are therefore calculated under
the same conditions and provide a real basis

200
Number of cylinders 4
87/83.6 mm
Bore/stroke
Total displacement 1988 cc
Engine output
95 net b.h.p. at 4800 rpm
acc. to DIN')
70 kW at 4800/min
Max. torque
15.9 mkp at 2800 rpm
acc. to DIN')
156 Nm at 2800/min
Compression
9
Oil capacity
5.0/3.5 litres
crankcase max./min. 8.8/6.2 Imp. pts.
10.7 litres
Capacity
of cooling system
18.8 Imp. pts.
Generator
14 V/35 A
Battery
12 V/55 Ah
Max. speed
approx. 160 km/h 99 mph
Tyres, tubeless
6.95 S 14I175 S 14/4 PR
Fuel
Premium
Fuel consumption
10.9 litres/100 km
2
acc. to DIN 70030 ) 26 mp Imp. gal.
Tank capacity
65 litres 14.3 Imp. gals.
incl. reserve
approx. 9 litres
2.0 Imp. gals.
Weights
Kerb weight
1340 kQ 2955.lbs.
Perm. total weight
1860 kg 4100 lbs.
Trailer load
with brake 3 )
1200 kg 2645 lbs.
Trailler load
without brake 3 )
705 kg 1550 lbs.

for comparison. However, they do no!


correspond to the actual amount of fuel
consumed, as this varies according to the
way of driving, road and climatic conditions etc.
Fuel consumption according to DIN 70030
is therefore only a comparative value and
not the actual amount of fuel consumed .
3)

The weights quoted are maximum weights,


valid within the Federal Republic of Germany.
In various countries other figures will apply.

') Dimensions vary acc. to sitting position.


The contents of this brochure are not binding
and the right is reserved to make
modifications without notice.

230 4

230 6

250

93.75/83.6 mm
2307 cc
110 net b.h.p. at 4800 rpm
81 kW at 4800/min
19.0 mkp at 2500 rpm
186 Nm at 2500/rnin
9
5.0/3.5 litres
8.8/6.2 Imp. pts.
10.0 litres
17.6 Imp. pis.
14 V/35 A
12 V/55 Ah
approx. 170 km/h 106 mph
6.95S 14/175S14/4 PR
Premium
11.4 litres/100 km
25 mp Imp. gal.
65 litres 14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres
2.0 Imo. gals.

81. 75/72.8 mm
2292 cc
120 net b.h.p. at 5400 rpm
88 kW at 5400/min
18.2 mkp at 3600 rpm
178 Nm at 3600/min
9
6.0/4.5 litres
10.6/7.9 Imp. pts.
10.1 litres
17.8 Imp. pis.
14 V/55 A
12 V/55 Ah
approx. 175 km/h 109 mph
6.95S14/175S14/4 PR
Premium
11.2 litres/100 km
25 mp Imp. gal.
65 litres 14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres
2 O Imp. gals.

86.5/78.8 mm
2778 cc
130 net b.h.p. at 5000 rpm
96 kW at 5000/min
22.0 mkp at 3200 rpm
216 Nm at 3200/min
8.7
6.0/4.5 litres
10.6/7.9 Imp. pts.
10.5 litres
18.5 Imp. pts.
14 V/55 A
12 V/55 Ah
approx. 180 km/h 112 mph
6.95 H 14/175 H 14/6 PR
Premium
12.5 litres/100 km
23 mp Imp. gal.
78 litres 17.2 Imp.gals.
approx. 10 litres
2.2 Imp. gals.

1350 kq 2975 lbs.


1870kg 41201bs.

1365 kg 3010 lbs.


1885 kg 4155 lbs.

1395 kg 3075 lbs.


1915 kg 4220 lbs.

1200 kQ 2645 lbs.

1200 kg 2645 lbs.

1200 kg 2645 lbs.

710 kg 1565 lbs.

720 kg 1590 lbs.

735 kg 1620 lbs.

~--w~
his brochure describes
the basic equipment as offered in the
Federal Republic of Germany. In various
other countries the basic equipment
can vary, due partly to different legal
requirements. We therefore request our
customers to obtain information from
their Mercedes-Benz distributors as to
the equipment actually available.

200 engine
4-cylinder in-line 1,988 cc.
Vacuum-con trolled crossdraught carburettor.
95 DIN/hp at 4,800 rpm
or 70 kW at 4,800/min.
230 4, 230 6 engine
2304: 4-cylinder in-line
2,307 cc. Vacuumcontrolled crossdraught
carburettor; 110 DIN/hp
at 4,800 rpm or 81 kW
at 4,800/min.
2306: 6-cylinder in-line
2,292 cc; dual compound
downdraught carburettor.
120 DIN/hp at 5,400 rpm
or 88 kW at 5,400/min.
250 engine
6-cyl inder in-line with
dual compound downdraught carburettor.
130 DIN/hp at 5,000 rpm
or 96 kW at 5,000/min.

The contents of this brochure are not


binding and the right is reserved
to make modifications without notice.

Brakes
Dual circuit power braking
system; disc brakes on
all four wheels; parking
brake with additional
brake shoes and brake
drums; brake failure warning light for both circuits.

Axles
Front axle: Axle support
with double wishbones
and anti-dive control .
Rear axle: Mercedes-Benz
diagonal swing axle with
brake torque compensation. Optional extra:
level control.

Steering
Precise. light recirculating
ball steering, steering
damper, large padded
steering wheel boss,
impact absorber under the
padded boss, telescopically collapsible steering
column, steering box
located well behind the
front axle. Optional extra:
Mercedes-Benz powerassisted steering.

Suspension
On front and rear axles,
two coil springs, one antiroll bar. Two doubleaction hydraulic telescopic Bodywork
shock absorbers front and Frame/floor unit firmly
welded to the body, rigid,
rear.
torsion-resistant passenTransmission/ clutch
ger compartment (safety
Fully synchronized
cell), energy-absorbing
4-speed transmission with front and rear sections,
steering column or floor
optimum vision on all
sides, panoramic safety
shift, self-adjusting diaglass
windows, four doors,
phragm spring clutch .
easy to close, rubber strip
Optional extra:
Mercedes-Benz automatic inserts on both sides,
transmission.
bumpers with broad
rubber inserts.

Seats

ting

the
iicg

Ira:

~id,

n-

ty

y
::>rs,
trip

Anatomically-contoured
seats shaped to give
lateral support, seat
springing adjusted to
vehicle suspension and
sitting position, front seats
adjustable forwards or
backwards and for rake,
firmly anchored, reclining
seat fittings. Inertia reel
three-point safety belt.
Safety headrests for the
front seats.
Heating and ventilation
Continuous warm or cold
air flow, draught-free, with
additional booster, for
windscreen, side windows,
front and rear foot wells.
Air volume and air distribution for warm or cold
air infinitely variable up
and down, heating separately controlled for right
and left sides. Large
fresh-air inlet in the middle
of the instrument panel,
variable adjustment to
rioht and left.
Windscreen

Laminated safety glass,


foot-operated screen

washer with wiper contact,


two-speed windscreen
wipers with intermittent
control, operated by the
combination switch on the
steering column.
Lighting system

Parking lights, assymetric


low beam (dimmer), high
beam headlights, foglamps (optional extra:
halogen H 4 lamps), side
lights, reversing light,
infinitely variable instrument lighting, luggage
compartment light, interior
lights with door contacts
and hand switch, lighting
for ashtray, glove box
and heater controls.
Instruments

Instrument panel padded,


yielding on impact, speedometer, oil pressure
gauge, fuel gauge, water
temperature gauge,
indicator lights for parking
brake, for battery, indicators, high beam and fuel
reserve, electric clock,
total mileage recorder,
daily mileage recorder.

Signalllng system

Miscellaneous

Headlight flasher, selfcancelling indicators with


fingertip contact for
changing lanes, operated
by the combination switch
on the steering column.
High-frequency horn;
brake lights; indicator
warning lights.

Parcel tray between front


seats, pockets on the front
doors, glove compartment,
rear window shelf, interior
rear view mirror adjustable
to anti-glare position,
padded sun-visors with
vanity mirror on passenger
side; grab handles on
roof frame, clothes hooks
or rear grab handles,
padded armrests on doors,
grab handle on passenger
side; centre armrest
on rear seat, cigar lighter,
asthrays at front and
rear, anchorage points for
safety belts front and rear,
carpet throughout; towing
lugs front and rear.

Locks

Safety locks on all doors


with safety catch and
chi ld-proof locking system
on the rear doors, luggage
compartment lid lock;
steering wheel lock combined with ignition lock,
starter and starter nonrepeat unit; master key
for the doors, ignition lock
and luggage compartment; second key for doors
and ignition lock only.

i!b,_,,,

f you want to personalize your Mercedes-Benz


in order to give it an individual
atmosphere many extras are
available. Here are just a few
examples.

Mercedes-Benz
automatic transmission

With Mercedes-Benz
automatic transmission
you can drive at speeds
dictated by traffic flow,
without having the operate
Mercedes-Benz
the clutch or change gear.
power-assisted steering
When overtaking you only
Easy steering when parking
need to "kick-down" the
and on tight corners.
accelerator into what is
Considerable reduction in
called the forced throttle
effort required and number of position in order to change
wheel turns because of
into the appropriate gear.
hydraulic assistance. Complete After overtaking, the
"feel" of the road in all
transmission automatisituations.
cally changes back
again into the higher gears.
Air-conditioning
Gearchanging takes place
The Mercedes-Benz air-conwithout interruption of the
ditioning system looks after
power flow. It is possible
your phy~ical comfort, in
to override the automatic
bumper-to-bumper traffic on
transmission at any time,
motorways, in towns during the by using the selector lever.
rush-hour. Easy operation first button: on/off; Second
Sliding roof
button: temperature regulator. Steel sliding roof Adjustable louvres for directing weatherproof and mainthe stream of air. The airtenance-free. Manually or
conditioning system works on electrically operated
the proven refrigerator prinversions available.
ciple, with a compressor.

Telephone

With a car telephone you


can be more independent.
Important decisions can
be made while travelling
and passed on to others.
Information on car telephone systems can be
obtained from any
Mercedes-Benz branch or
distributor.
Radio

Acar radio not only


provides entertainment.
Reports on road condilions, traffic hold-ups,
diversions etc. help the
driver to avoid annoying
delays. "Europa", "Grand
Prix" "Grand Prix Stereo"
'
and "Mexico
Cassette
Stereo" models can be
installed at the factory.
In addition, for foreign
markets there is the
"Monte Carlo" model.
Other makes can be fitted
at Mercedes-Benz branches or agencies.

Electrically heated
rear window

The electric heating deices the rear window


quickly and prevents
fogging up. Switches off
automatically after about
half an hour to avoid
unnecessary current
consumption.
Headlight cleaning
equipment

Headlights are kept clean


while you are driving.
Operated in conjunction
with the windscreen wiper
unit. When the lights are
on, the headlights are
cleaned automatically
every time the windscreen
washer is used.
Other extras

Level control; manual or


electric aerials; MB-Tex
or leather upholstery;
orthopaedic backrests; set
of suitcases for better use
of boot space; special
paintwork, and many more.
Further details

AFTER - SALES SERVICE TAILORED '1.8 INDIVIDl'.:JAL NEEDS


)

A Overall height, unladen


B Overall width
C Overall length
D Wheelbase
E Steering wheel - driver's seat backrest')
F Seat height, unladen, front
G Driver's backrest - rear seat backrest')
H Seat heipht at rear
J Overall seat width, front
K Width as shoulder height, front
L Overall seat width , rear
M Width at shoulder height, rear
Track width, .front
Track width, rear
Turning circle diameter

1440 mm
1790 mm
4680 mm
2750 mm
400 mm
965 mm
755 mm
860 mm
1490 mm
1410 mm
1485 mm
1405 mm
1448 mm
1440 mm
10.98 m

,
nercedes-Benz
became conscious of their responsibility
for road safety long before the public
began discussing the subject. Our safety
research began more than 30 years ago.
Since then a comprehensive system
of safety measures, complementary to
each other, has been developed.

Just a few examples:


@ 1939. Development of
safety features in the
research and development
vehicle 11; an extremely
rig id base, three-part
steering column.
@ 1949. Safety door lock.
@ 1951/52. Development
of the world's first safety
design for car bodies with
distortion-resistant passenger compartment.
Impact-absorbing deformable front and rear sections
(crumple zones).
1957. Heating and
ventilation with fanassisted ventilation for the
interior.
.e 1959. First seriesproduction cars with
safety-design bodies.
1963. Standard dualcircuit braking system.
$ 1967. Mercedes-Benz
safety steering; this prevents the dreaded
"impaling" by the steering column.

Conscious of their responsibility, Mercedes-Benz


have pursued a programme of systematic safety
research.
A safety scheme was
developed many years ago
and in 1966 it was presented in the USA at an
international conference.

Mercedes-Benz is the only car manufacturer in the Federal Republic which


has been including inertia reel three-point
safety belts and individually adjustable
headrests as standard equipment since
April 1973.

This scheme argues that


safety must be effective in
two directions:
Active safety
(To avoid accidents)
This includes powerful
engines, safe brakes,
running gear which holds
its course as well as the
steps taken to keep the
driver alert, for making his
task easier in traffic and
for affording him maximum
safety under all conditions.
For example: comfortable
seats, all-round visibility,
economy of effort.
Passive safety
(To eliminate or reduce
the effects of an accident.)
This includes interior and
exterior safety.

Interior safety protects the


driver and passengers
within the vehicle. This is
only made possible by a
host of individual elements
which are all interdependent and take effect
progressively.
Rigid passenger compartment; deformable,
impact-absorbing front
and rear sections (crumple
zones).
Ill- Anti-burst locks.
~ All parts against which
the occupants could be
thrown are either padded,
flattened or recessed,
or so designed that they
yield on impact.
Padded, deformable
instrument panel which
yields in stages.

(~

Safety steering with


large padded boss on the
steering wheel; collapsible impact absorber
under the padded boss;
steering column "telescopes" under impact;
steering box located well
behind the front axle; nonsplintering steering wheel.
~ Padded door and roof
pillars.
0 Front seat backrest
supports deeply recessed
in the thick upholstery.
Headrests on the front
seats.
\Y>l Wide strips of padding
on upper edge of backrest rear panels.
~ Interior mirror springs
out on impact.
>fl~ Flush-fitted door
handles.
C!> Flexible grab-handles.
it~ Padded sun visors.
11' Centre console deforms
on impact.
@ Safety belts on front
seats.
Exterior safety helps to
reduce or eliminate injury
to other road users.
~ No projecting parts;
the exterior shape of the
bodywork is so designed
that in the event of an
accident pedestrians or
other vehicles are not
caught on it.
ti' No sharp edges.
1 Round design of
bumpers with wide rubber
inserts.
>$ Rounded safety door
handles.

,_

l
~<l'llllla

peed 1s not entirely a


matter of engine power. Fast driving
and high average speeds dictate that
the driver must be kept alert and the
running gear designed to transmit
engine power safely to the road. That
is why Mercedes-Benz make sure that
the running gear and brakes are
matched to the engine power.

ii.
f

it

!
,\

Mercedes-Benz 200
Four-cylinder engine
95 DIN/hp at 4,800 rpm
or 70 kW at 4,800/min.
Max. tourque 15.9 mkp
(DIN) at 2,800 rpm, or
156 Nm at 2,800/min.
Mercedes-Benz
2304, 2306
2304: 2.3 litre four-cyli nder
engine; 110 DIN/hp at
4,800 rpm or 81 kW at
4,800/min.
Max. torque 19.0 mkp
(DIN) at 2,500 rpm or
186 Nm at 2,500/min.
230 6: 2.3 litre six-cylinder
eng ine; 120 DIN/hp at
5,400 rpm or 88 kW at
5,400/min.
Max. torque 18.2 mkp
(DIN) at 3,600 rpm or
178 Nm at 3,600/min.
Mercedes-Benz 250
Six-cyli nder engine
130 DIN/hp at 5,000 rpm
or 96 kW at 5,000/min.
Max. torque 22.0 mkp
(DIN} at 3,200 rpm or
216 Nm at 3,200/min.

'I

lS

Other distinctive features


of these cars
~ Automatic starting and
warming up unit.
High torque and therefore good accelerating
power in the medium
speed range.
(fa Overhead camshaft.
0 Crankshaft and connecting rods carried in
multi-layer steel-backed
bearings.
~ Fully-synchronised 4speed transmission with
steering column or floor
shift.
(ti Easily operated, selfadjusting diaphragm
spring clutch.
~ Optional extra:
Mercedes-Benz automatic
transmission.

Running gear
$ Front axle with double
wishbones and anti-dive
control.
~ Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing axle with
brake torque compensation.
~ On the front and rear
axles, two coil springs,
one anti-roll bar, two
double action gas-filled
hydraulic telescopic shock
absorbers, effective even
under continuous extreme
stress. Optional extra:
Mercedes-Benz powerassisted steering. Optional
extra: Level control.

er

All Mercedes-Benz models excel in their


high degree of driving safety and their
neutral, good-tempered driving characteristics.

Safe brakes
~ Dual circuit powerassisted braking system.
ct> Accurate, responsive
braking.
$1' Anti-dive control.

G Straight-line stability
under braking. No tendency to pull to one side.
Separate brake circuits
front and rear.
~ Self-adjusting nonfading brakes on all four
wheels.
@ Parking brake with
separate brake shoes
and brake drums.

"j:_.,
.,.
driver is entitled
to expect that his vehicle wi ll start at any
11m1

time, and will do its job reliably and


without problems. With this knowledge
the driver is relaxed and at ease. Safe
driver reactions and a technically
impeccable vehicle provide the perfect
team. Reliability is the result of
mature design, high-quality materials
and quality workmanship.

Straight-line stability
~ Independent wheel
suspension.
-~ Minimum deviation in
camber and track.
<~ Effective vibration
damping.
~ Individual wheel location and suspension.
Outstanding cornering
and swerving ability.
Maximum resistance to
sidewind.
~ Neutral driving characteristics.
~ Precise, easily operated
Mercedes-Benz recirculating ball steering.
~~ Favourable axle load
distribution (engine at
front, drive at rear).
$ Wide track.
'<S' Long wheelbase.
~ Low centre of gravity.
G Streamlined bodywork.
W> Centre of gravity and
area of wind impact very
close together.
,g, Minimal body-roll.
II) Anti-roll bars front and
rear.
!/fl Independent wheel
suspension.
~ Constant, reliable roadwheel adhesion.
;t~. Effective vibration
damping.

Bodywork
O Frame-floor unit firmly
welded to the integral
body, therefore extremely
torsion-resistant.
@ Unpleasant noises
(rattles etc.) eliminated.
~ Four large exactlyfitting doors (easy to get
in and out - for passengers in the back as
well.
l'l> All electrical units are
separately earthed. This is
expensive but also
absolutely reliable.
Running gear
@ Running gear with high
reserves of safety.
tl Frame-floor assembly,
central members and boxtype side and cross
members firmly welded to
the sheet steel floor.
~ Front axle support
suspended on the front
frame side members by
rubber mountings.
@ Engine-gearbox unit
rests on the front axle
support with two rubber
mounts at the front and
one rubber mount on the
frame at the rear.
l.ll Spring stop on the
telescopic shock absorbers.

The special inside coating in the engine


block ensures better bonding between
paintwork and metal.

Hydraulic, dual-circuit
brakes with servo
assistance; disc brakes all
round.
~ Every type of engine,
axle and gearbox is subjected to extensive tests
under all possible conditions.
~ I n addition, every single
rear axle undergoes four
different tests for sealing
after assembly.
Engines
Hard-wearing, robust and
powerful four- and sixcylinder engines.
q~ Automatic starting and
warming-up device.
~ Air oil-cooler.
tffl Overhead camshafts
enable the engine to be
driven hard and provide
brisk acceleration. The
special design of the
cams produces excellent
cylinder filli ngs and good
torque characteristics,
particularly in the lower
speed range.
tel Forged, inductivelyhardened crankshaft is,
like connecting rods,
carried in multi-layer, steel
backed bearings.
@ Every valve turns a
fraction of a revolution on
every stroke. This makes
burnt spots between the
valve seat and valve disc
practically impossible.
it Two valve springs to
each valve; it if one spring
fails to work, the valve
continues to operate with
the other.
e The shaft of every
exhaust v.alve is filled
with sodium. This reduces
the temperature of the
reinforced valve seats.

Parts supplied by outside


contractors
~ All parts which
Mercedes-Benz do not
produce themselves
undergo rigorous testing
before they are installed
even though they have
already been inspected
by the manufacturers.
~ In addition, random
samples are subjected to
severe testing on test
stands, corresponding to
many years of driving on
the road.

I -r ir1\Jf~
.,.., \'A!
l-~.::>I
V ... UE~
.=

Important note

Certain design features


are repeated under different headings in the following chapters. This repetition is necessary because
one technical feature often
fulfils several functions.

For example:
Individual wheel location
and suspension. It is
important for:
1. Comfort

3. Speed

Potential performance can


be fully used thanks to
accurate straight-line
stability and constant road
adhesion of the wheels.

Bumps in the road are


not transmitted to the
bodywork, thanks to
smooth, even handling
characteristics.
2. Safety

It influences directional
stability and active driving safety.

orward-looking vehicle
design, high-class quality of material
and workmanship, model policy which
does not follow fashion for fashion's
sake - these are the most important
factors behind the classic image for
which Mercedes-Benz has always been
renowned. This policy ensures high
resale prices.

Quality of material and


workmanship

, Every coat of paint is


annealed at temperatures
between 130 and 165C.
f!S All hollow parts are
also treated with a special
wax which "creeps" and
stays put even on vertical
surfaces. Corrosive influences resulting from
condensation are therefore reduced to a
minimum.
flt- All parts which are
installed later (axles,
transmission shaft, track
rods etc.) are, together
with the engine compartment and the whole
underside of the vehicle,
covered with a thick protective wax.
\'& Altogether, approx.
20 kg of paint, 14 kg of
underfloor coating and
wax are needed for each
vehicle.
The axle housings
and engine block are
coated inside with a
special heat and oilresistant paint.

Hollow parts are coated


with zinc paint before
assembly to prevent inside
corrosion.
The body shell is
washed and coated with
phosphates. This provides
the first protective coat of
fine-grained zinc phosphates. After the appli cation of phosphates
comes the passivation
which, in conjunction with
the paint covering, helps
to prevent corrosion.
The first primer is
applied by dipping in a
bath.
Jt Sharp edges are
coated by hand with liquid
plastic to prevent rust
here as well.
The front and sides are
given a flexible plastic
coating to protect them
against damage caused
by stones.
\'I! The second primer
guarantees a good, even
coating on all parts of the
bodywork.
Service
There is a total of 4,345
Vehicle underfloor,
service stations in 165
wheel arches, door-sills
and the lower part of the
countries in the world .
front are given special
Experienced service
protection with a thick,
experts are kept up to
flexible coating.
date by factory specialists.
~ The next coating pro<I That provides safety
vides a base for the top
and attention especially
on holiday trips.
coat and improves the
quality of the finished
Extract from the
surface.
"Frankfurter Allgemeine
The final top coat not
Zeitung" of 15th Novemonly makes the car good
to look at, but also prober 1971: High Insurance
In 165 countries, there are approx.
vides excellent protection premium for cars
4,300 service stations with excellent
needing many repairs
against any harsh
technical equipment where experts carry elements in the air.
Austrian insurance comout the servicing and maintenance of
panies are changing their
your car and thus help to safeguard its
comprehensive and colvalue.
lision insurance system ...
t//

A total of 19 types of
bodywork repairs frequently carried out (e.g.
wings, doors, bumpers)
were included in the
calculations. The result
will surprise many drivers.
Daimler-Benz came out
best. In future the
Mercedes vehicles, for
which replacement of all
body panels amounts to
35.3 /o of the purchase
price, will therefore have
the best comprehensive
insurance rate in
Austria ...

"w!S

;;;

'~ '} omfort is more


than a general feeling off ease.
Mercedes-Benz comfort is the product
of scientific research - the interplay
of many factors with the aim of keeping
the driver relaxed and yet alert.
This interplay is planned right from the
design and development stages.
Running gear, interior, seating, controls
and many other factors are all
properly coordinated and form an
inseparable unit.
'"'

Two Mercedes-Benz
among the best ten in the
world

A well-known motoring magazine chose the


top ten cars from the
entire world.
In 1971 four vehicles
from Germany were
included.
.,.. And two of these were
Mercedes-Benz.
A member of the
editorial staff commented
as follows: "If you judge
all the cars in the world
on the basis of engineering, construction
integrity, reliability and the
degree of perfection with
which they fulfil their
intended function, then
the best cars in the world
are probably all built by
Mercedes-Benz."
(Road & Track,
August 1971)

Running gear

'/I Rear light covers which

Seats

'' Reliable road-adhesion


of the wheels.
~ Safe cornering stabi lity.
~1 Good straight-line
stability.
Individual wheel location and suspension. At
the front: double wishbones with anti-dive
control; at the rear; diagonal swing axle with brake
torque compensation.
~~ Comfortable suspension, good vibration
damping.
Anti-roll bars at the
front and rear to eliminate
unpleasant body-roll on
corners.
'11 Hydraulic telescopic
shock absorbers filled
with gas.
t Movements of the
steering wheel are transmitted directly and accurately to the front wheels
with little effort thanks
to Mercedes-Benz recirculating ball steering.
~1 Steering dampers.

minimise dirt adhesion.


~\ High-intensity headlights and foglamps.
~ Clearly visible signals.
~ Roomy luggage compartment, well-lit and easy
to load.
Rubber pads between
wheel suspension and the
bodywork provide insulation against vibrations and
noises.
~ Hermetic separation
of engine and passenger
compartments.

Headrests and inertia


reel three-point safety
belts on the front seats.
Iii Driver is kept alert by
contoured seats.
~ Anatomically correct
sitting position.
Firm lateral support.
' Infinitely adjustable
backrests.
~ Continuous absorption
of any body-moisture.
?> Steel spring core with
graduated, relatively taut
spring action.
No tiring vibrations.
n Thighs adequately
supported.
<1$ Relaxed posture.
S~ Sufficient distance from
the steering wheel and
windscreen.
Ample leg room.
Plenty of room for head
and shoulders.

Bodywork

Mercedes-Benz seats are anatomically


correct and provide firm lateral support.

Roomy interior, yet


exterior dimensions permit
good handling in traffic.
This bodywork provides
the optimum answer to
basically contradictory
demands.
'll Small turning circle
and good all-round
visibility.
Large doors; getting in
and out is easy and
comfortable.
~it Windscreen wipers with
two speeds and
intermittent control.
Side windows largely
free of dirt thanks to the
aerodynamically designed
deflectors on the front
pillars.

Interior

Design from the inside


outwards, hence greatest
possible freedom of
movement inside with
exterior dimensions permitting good handling in
traffic.
w Little effort required
for operation so that the
driver does not become
tired.
0 All switches and levers
designed and positioned
in a manner which is
logically and physiologically sound; they are easy
to locate and almost
impossible to confuse.
@ Non-dazzle, central
arrangement of instruments in a cluster in the
top section of the instrument panel.
Outside mirror can be
adjusted from the inside.
~ Parcel tray, well-lit
glove compartment,
pockets on front doors,
spacious rear window
shelf.
Four upholstered armrests, centre armrest
between rear seats.
c;. Hard-wearing carpets.

Heating and ventilation


.J. Draught-free continuous air-stream of warm or
cold air with additional
blower for windscreen,
side windows and footwells.
Air volume and air
distribution for warm and
cold air infinitely variable
upwards and downwards.
ti> Separate heating controls for left and right sides.
Infinitely adjustable
wide-range spherical vents
for warm and cold air on
the right and left of the
dashboard.
~ Large fresh air inlets in
the middle of the dashboard adjustable in all
directions.
Continuous ventilation.

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""'' ndividual motoring has unrivalled advantages: you can choose where,
when and with whom you want to travel. Since there is no substitute which
gives this independence, the car will always be irreplaceable.
It is, however, an indisputable fact of life that traffic_ problems do exist.
But is there a Utopian solution? There is not the slightest sign of any real
alternative to the car for individual transport either now or in the foreseeable future. Theoretical discussions have so far got us nowhere.
Every single Mercedes-Benz car bears witness to the fact that a sense of
responsibility towards society can be reconciled with the aims of an economically-orientated business organisation.
We have always been fully aware of the cost/benefit ratio in the constant
developmept and improvement of our products.
Naturally, our designers are limited in what they can do. Limited by the laws
of nature, by the level of technological know-how and by costs. But with
every new model, we endeavour to extend these limits.
Before you make a decision you should be sure, from the start, exactly what you
will get for your money, that is, what features are sta11dard or optional extras
on the car you have in mind. Find 011t the exact price you will have to pay.
An1ong the standard features offered. by Mercedes-Benz are:

Automatic three-point safety belts in


conjunction with integrated head
restraints on the front seats

e1l>

Double-acting, gas-filled shock


absorbers front and rear

-1.<:<

Quartz clock

Intermittent control in addition to the


two wiper speeds

Ql

Child-proof locks on rear doors

~r

Windscreen made from laminated


two-layer glass

Standard cavity conservation with


special wax

11!~

4 doors

Radial-ply tyres

disc brakes front and rear

(l$

Exterior mirror adjustable from inside


the car

I!.~

Tank lock

1l'll Rubber inserts in the bumpers


~-

Protective rubber strips all round

i},~

Fog lamps in the headlight unit

~~

Side lights can be switched on separately left and right

t'~

Steering shock absorbers

f'

r ,.

The Mercedes-Benz
Diesel range:
200 D - 220 D 240 D - 240 D 3.0.

.'l\.

_ ~\.,....,, he 200 D , 220 D, 240 D and 240 D 3.0 are each a


combination of comfort and economy. In addition, all the well-known
advantages of Mercedes-Benz, safety, advanced technology, reliability and
lasting value, but the operating costs are no n1ore than those of much
smaller cars. They hold their prices very well, this is clearly shown by the
consistently good trade-in allowances they command. A customer will decide
on the Mercedes-Benz diesel if, on long journeys he expects comfort
and safety combined with maximum economy.
More than one million customers have decided in favour of the diesel.
Cool, level-headed decisions. "Mobile Money Box" is the expression coined
by the Motoring Press for the Mercedes-Benz diesels. Only those who are
unaware of the facts still accuse the diesel of today of shortcomings which
were eliminated years ago. Acoustically you can confuse it with a petrol
model. In the course of time Mercedes-Benz designers have improved not
only the performance but also the smoothness and have reduced vibration to
such an extent that you can hardly tell a diesel from its petrol-driven
counterparts. This is why it is said that Diesel success is a Mercedes-Benz
success.
The smooth, quiet running characteristics result from the use of high quality
materials and decades of engineering experience. Mercedes-Benz are not only
the oldest motor-car manufacturers but also produced the first diesel-powered
cars in the world. The first vehicle of this type was introduced as long
ago as 1936.
The bodywork and running gear, the amount of space, seating comfort and
manoeuvrability in the diesel range are identical with the corresponding
Mercedes-Benz petrol versions. The same running gear can easily
accommodate the high-performance engine of the 280 E which develops
185 DIN/hp. All four diesel models therefore have tremendous reserves of
safety because the running gear can more than cope with the engine output
of this range.
Anyone looking for a safe car which combines maximum comfort,
low running costs, high reliability, rugged durability and high trade-in
allowance really has no alternative - it must be a Mercedes-Benz diesel.

The radial-ply tyres illustrated are an optional extra.

I ,

Radio in the centre console can be


supplied as an optional extra.

The anatomically contoured seats,


shaped to give lateral support, are neither
too soft nor too hard.

w The illuminated and easily accessible

Side windows remain free from dirt,


al There is forced ventilation of the interior
due
to a newly designed surface on the
by means of slits in the very sturdy,
front roof pillars. Rainwater is diverted
rear roof pillars. A rain-runnel above the
away from the windows.
rear window diverts water to the side.

I The safety seat-belts, which roll up


automatically, allow complete freedom
of movement. Only when me seatbelt is subjected to stress or the vehicle
suddenly decelerates does the belt lock
itself.

luggage compartment has a capacity of


approx. 18. 7 cu. ft. A sizeable amount of
holiday luggage can be comfortably
accommodated.

Pictures and texts marked thus 11


apply to all the models described in this
brochure: 200 D, 220 D, 240 D, 240 D 3.0

~l

The Mercedes-Benz safety instrument


panel was developed as a result of
innumerable crash tests. The surface is
of polyurethane foam on extruded sheet
metal. Underneath there are energyabsorbing cavities so that the instrument
panel can deform in stages depending
on the force of impact.
Particularly important: there are no hard,
protruding parts in the cavities.

1 The combination switch on the

steering column operates headlight


flasher, headlight switch, indicator switch
fingertip contact for changing lanes,
windscreen wiper switch with intermittent
control and two wiper speeds.

Anti-burst locks won't open in an


accident. and do not jam if they have
to be opened quickly afterwards.

240D 5.0
n the outside only a model number on the boot lid distinguishes
the four vehicles of the diesel range from each other - a marked difference,
however, will be obvious during a test drive. What they do have in
common is the maximum comfort, space and seating accommodation which
are unsurpassed in their class. Also the world famous Mercedes-Benz safety
design and unequalled manoeuvrability.
In addition to their legendary economy and lasting value, the high trade-in
prices, reliability and long service life are further factors which will influence
your decision to buy one of the diesels. 78/o of all Mercedes-Benz diesel
cars sold since 1949 are still on the road today.

20() 11
The most economical vehicle in the
diesel range: 8.1 litres/ 100 km
(acc. to DIN 70 030), 35 miles per
Imp. gal. Since 1968, the 200 D has
had its own place in the MercedesBenz passenger car programme.
The reasons: Economy and
legendary reliability.

Because of its larger cylinder


capacity of 219 7 cc, the 4-cylinder
diesel engine of the 220 D develops
60 DIN/hp (44 kW). The top speed of
135 km/h (84 mph) is also its
cruising speed; thus. very good
average speeds on long journeys are
possible.

The Mercedes-Benz 240 D is a car that


has matured over many years. Its new
4-cylinder diesel engine develops
65 DIN/hp (48 kW). More important
than a higher top speed - compared
with the 200 D and 220 D - is the
marked improvement in acceleration,
particularly at low and medium engine
speeds.

A new model in the Mercedes-Benz


diesel rang e: the 240 D 3.0 with a new,
lively 5-cylinder diesel engine.
With its cubic capacity of 3 litres, it
develops 80 DIN/hp (59 kW). This
makes for spirited motoring at high
cruising speeds. An astonishing feature
for a diesel engine is its ability to
accelerate rapidly from 0 to 100 km/h in
19.9 secs.
Not only in its acceleration but also with
its top speed of 148 km/h (92 mph) is
the 240 D 3.0 the fastest diesel. To
cover a kilometer from standstill, this
1430 kg car only needs 39.8 secs.
Fuel consumption (acc. to DIN 70 030)
fully lives up to the diesel's economy
image: 10.8 litres/ 100 km/h, 26 miles per
Imp. gal.
While exterior design and basic
equipment are the same for all four
diesel cars, the 240 D 3.0 incorporates
a very interesting novelty: both
pre-glowing and starting are controlled
by the start/stop key. The key is
turned once for automatic pre-glowing.
If it is turned further, the engine starts.

A lively newcomer to the MercedesBenz diesel range: the 5-cylinder diesel


engine of the 240 D 3.0 with 80 DIN/hp
at 4000 rpm or 59 kW at 4000/min.
This makes for good acceleration:
19.9 secs. from 0-100 km/h.

..rI~ -

5-plunger pump.
An automatic injection timer ensures
that the injection point is optimally
adapted to any engine speed.

240D

220D

200D

240 D 4-cylinder .diesel engine:


65 DIN/hp at 4200 rpm or 48 kW at
4200/min; 14.0 mkp at 2400 rpm or
137 Nm at 2400/min. One particular
advantage of all four Mercedes-Benz
diesel engines is their very low
consumption in city traffic. In the course
of acceleration, excess air as opposed
to excess fuel (in the case of gasoline
engines) is needed.

The 4-cylinder diesel engine of the


220 D develops 60 DIN/hp at
4200 rpm or 44 kW at 4200/min.
Maximum torque is 12.8 mkp at
2400 rpm or 126 Nm at 2400/min.
During each stroke, the maintenancefree valve rotation device, installed in all
four diesel engines, turns the valve by
a fraction of a complete rotation. This
avoids burnt points between valve seat
and valve disc.

4-plunger pump.
A pneumatic governor automatically
limits the maximum engine speed.
This avoids over-rewing of the engine.

The 4-cylinder diesel engine of the


200 D consumes 8.1 litres/ 100 km
(acc. to DIN 70 030), i. e. 35 miles per
Imp. gal. It develops 55 DIN/hp at
4200 rpm or 40 kW at 4200/min. Its
maximum torque is 11.5 mkp at
2400 rpm or 113 Nm at 2400/min.

~ The Mercedes-Benz diagonal swing

axle ensures that the driving wheels


hold the road under all conditions.
When one spring is compressed, when
driving over bumps in the road for
example, the other is unaffected and
maintains a straight line. The axle is so
designed that the rear wheels present a
slightly negative camber.

Negative camber ensures good lateral


road l1olding, i.e. very good cornering
stability.

mJ The crumple zone principle of the

~t~ Individual wheel location and

~1 Principle of the Mercedes-Benz

bodywork: rigid passenger compartment


(safety cell), with deformable front and
rear sections to absorb impact energy.

suspension - at the front. double wishbones with anti-dive control.

safety steering. Above: original condition


Below: deformation following an accident.
showing deformed impact-absorber
under the padded boss. and the
''telescoped" steering column.

f:
,\'I i Number of cylinders
Bore/stroke
Total displacement
Engine output acc. to DIN')
Max. torque acc. to DIN 1)
Compression
Oil capacity crankcase
max./min.
Capacity of cooling system
Gene1ator
Battery
Max. speed
Tyres. tubeless
Fuel
Fuel consumption
acc. to DIN 70 0302)
Tank capacity
incl. reserve
Weights
Kerb weighf)
Perm. total weight
4
Trailer load with brake J
Trailer load without brake4)

220 0
4

240 0
4

87/83.6
1988 cc
55 net b.h.p.
at 4200 rpm
40 kW at 4200/min
11.5 mkp at 2400 rpm
113 Nm at 2400/min
21
5.0/3.5 litres.
8.816.2 Imp. pls.
10.3 litres. 18.1 Imp. pis.
14 V/35 A
12 V/66 Ah
approx. 130 km/h,
8 1 mph
175 SR 14
Diesel
8.1 litres/ 100 km,
35 miles per Imp. gal.
65 litres. 14 .3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres,
2.0 Imp. gals.

87/92.4 mm
2 19 7 cc
60 net b.h.p.
at 4200 rpm
44 kW at 4200/min
12.8 mkp at 2400 rpm
126 Nm at 2400/min
21
5.0/3.5 litres.
8.816.2 Imp. pts.
10.3 litres. 18 .1 Imp. pts.
14 V/35 A
12 V/88 Ah
approx. 135 km/h,
84 mph
175 SR 14
Diesel
8.5 litres/ 100 km.
33 miles per Imp. gal.
65 litres. 14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres.
2.0 Imp. gals.

91/92.4 mm
2404 cc
65 net b.h.p.
at 4200 rpm
48 kW at 4200/min
14.0 mkp at 2400 rpm
137 Nm at 2400/min
21
5.0/3.5 litres
8.816.2 Imp. pis.
10.0 litres. 17.6 Imp. pts.
14 V/35 A
12 V/88 Ah
approx. 138 km/h,
86 mph
175SR 14
Diesel
9.5 litres/ 100 km,
30 miles per Imp. gal.
65 litres. 14 .3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres.
2.0 Imp. gals.

9 1192.4 mm
3005 cc
80 net b.h.p.
at 4000 rpm
59 kW at 4000/min
17.5 mkp at 2400 rpm
1 72 Nm at 2400/min
21
5.514.0 litres.
9.717.0 Imp pis.
10.8 litres. 19.0 Imp. pts.
14 V/35 A
12 V/88 Ah
approx. 148 km/h,
92 mph
175 SR 14
Diesel
10.8 litres/ 100 km
26 miles per Imp. gal.
65 litres. 14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres,
2.0 Imp. gals.

1,3 75
1,895
1.200
725

1.385 kg
1,905 kg
1,200 kg
730 kg

kg
kg
kg
kg

3,0 30
4, 175
2.645
1,600

lbs.
lbs.
lbs
lbs

3.055
4,200
2,645
1,61 0

lbs.
lbs.
lbs
lbs.

1,390
1,9 1
1.200
750

kg
kg
kg
kg

3.065
4.2 10
2,645
1,655

lbs.
lbs.
lbs.
lbs.

200
4

230.
4

87/83.6 mm
1988 cc
95 net b.h.p. at 4800 rpm
70 kW at 4800/min
15.9 mkp al 2800 rpm
156 Nm al 2800/min

93.75183.6 mm
2307 cc
11 O net b.h.p. at 4800 rpm
81 kW al 4800/min
19.0 mkp at 2500 rpm
186 Nm at 2500/min

8 1.75/72.8 mm
2292 cc
120 net b.h.p. al 5400 rpm
88 kW at 5400/min
18.2 mkp al 3600 rpm
178 Nm al 3600/min

Oil capacity crankcase


max./min.
Capacity ol coohng system
Generator
Battery
Max. speed
Tyres. tubeless
Fuel
Fuel consumption
acc. to DIN 70 0302)
Tank capacity
incl. reserve

5.0/3.5 litres
8.8/6.2 Imp. pis.
10.7 litres. 18.8 Imp. pts
14 V/35 A
12 V/55 Ah
approx. 160 km/h 99 mph
175 SR 14
Premium
10.9 litres/100 km
26 mp Imp. gal.
65 titres 14.3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres
2.0 Imp. gals.

5.0/3.5 litres
8.8/6.2 Imp. pts.
10.0 litres. 17.6 Imp. pts.
14 V/35 A
12 V/55 Ah
approx. 170 km/h 106 rl)ph
175SR1-1
Premium
11.4 litres/100 km
25 mp Imp. gal.
65 titres 14 .3 Imp. gals.
approx. 9 litres
2.0 Imp. gals.

6.0/4.5 litres
10.617.9 Imp. pts.
10.1 litres. 17.8 Imp. pts.
14 V155 A
12 V/55 Ah
approx. 17 5 km/h t 09 mph
175 SR 1-1
Premium
11.2 litres/100 km
25 mp Imp. gal.
65 litres 14.3 tmp. gals.
approx. 9 litres
2.0 Imp. gals.

Kerb weighl 3)
Perm . total weight
Trailer load with brake4)
4
Trailer load without brake )

1,340
1.860
1.200
705

1.350
1.870
1.200
71 0

1,365
1,885
1.200
720

Number of c tinders
Bore/stroke
Total displacement
Engine output acc. to DIN

1
)

Max. torque acc . to DIN ')

'

240 0 3.0

200 0
4

kg
kg
kg
kg

2.955
4,100
2,645
1,550

lbs.
lbs.
lbs.
lbs

1.430 kg
1,950 kg
1.200 kg
750 kg

3.1 55 lbs.
4.000 lbs.
2.645 lbs.
1.655 lbs.

BA~) IC !~.~()LJ IPf'v1F: i\lr


r) QC) r) - ') r;) ("\ [.), ') /J. (~l r)
' - ~
')4C)
[. .).
t- L
.(_ - ...,.
11... I , l
"

2,975
4, 120
2.645
1.565

lbs.
lbs.
lbs.
lbs.

kg
kg
kg
kg

3.010
4, 155
2,645
1,590

lbs.
lbs.
lbs.
lbs

""' ~l.."'

his catalogue describes


the basic equipment laid down for the
Federal Republic of Germany.
In various other countries the basic
equipment can vary, due partly to
different legal requirements.
We therefore request our customers
to obtain information from their
Mercedes-Benz distributors as to the
equipment actually available.

2306

kg
kg
kg
kg

-..) .

Engine 200 D, 220 D,


240 D, 240 D 3.0
Diesel system;
four-cylinder engines with
1,988 cc, 2,197 cc,
2404 cc or 3005 cc.
Mechanical 4-plunger or
5-plunger injection pump
with automatic timing
device; pre-combustion
chamber injection system.
Transmission/Clutch
Fully synchronized
4-speed transmission with
steering column or floor
shift, self-adjusting
diaphragm spring clutch.
Optional extra:
Mercedes-Benz automatic
transmission.

The contents of this brochure are not


binding and the right is reserved to
make modifications without notice.

Axles
Front axle:
Axle support with double
wishbones and anti-dive
control,
Rear axle:
Mercedes-Benz diagonal
swing axle with brake
torque compensation.
Optional extra: level control.

Suspension
On front and rear axle two
coil springs, one anti-roll
bar. Two double action
hydraulic telescopic shock
absorbers front and rear.
Brakes
Dual circuit power braking
system; disc brakes on all
four wheels; parking brake
with separate brake shoes
and brake drums; brakefailure warning light for
both circuits.
Steering
Exact, light recirculating
ball steering, steering
damper, large padded
steering wheel boss,
impact absorber under the
padded boss, telescopically collapsible steering
column, steering box
located well behind the
front axle.
Optional extra:
Mercedes-Benz power
steering.

Bodywork
Frame floor unit firmly
welded to the body, rigi<
torsion-resistant passen1
compartment (safety eel
energy-absorbing front <
rear sections, optimum
vision on all sides, pano
ramie safety glass
windows, four doors,
easy to close, rubber str
inserts on both sides.
bumpers with broad rub
inserts.

Seats
Anatomically contoured
seats shaped to give
lateral support, seat
springing adjusted to
vehicle suspension and
sitting position, front sea
adjustable forwards or
backwards plus backre~
angle. firmly anchored,
reclining seat fittings.
Three-point inertia reel
safety belts which roll u1
automatically and safety
head-rests on the front ~

firmly
ody, rigid,
passenger
afety cell).
1g front and
Jtimum
3S, panoss
oors,
Jbber strip
sides.
road rubber

ntoured
>give
5eat
ed to
;ion and
front seats
:irds or
backrest
:hored,
1ings.
1ia reel
ch roll up
id safety
ie front seats.

You can choose the colour of your car from a comprehensive


standard and special paintwork chart.

The upholstery range otters a wide choice of colours to match


the paintwork of your car.

Heating and ventilation


Continuous warm or cold
air flow, draught-free.
with additional booster for
windscreen, side windows,
front and rear foot wells,
air volume and air distribution for warm and cold
air infinitely variable up and
down, heating separately
controlled for right and
left sides. Large fresh-air
inlet in the middle of the
instrument panel, infinitely
variable adjustment to right
and left.

Signalling system
Headlight flasher. selfcancelling indicators
and finger-tip contact for
changing lanes, operated
by the combination switch
on the steering column;
high-frequency horn,
brake lights, indicator
warning lights.

Windscreen
Laminated safety glass.
screen washer footoperated with wiper
contact, 2-speed windscreen wipers with intermittent control, operated
by the combination switch
on the steering column.

Lighting system
Parking lights. asymmetric
low beam (dimmer). high
beam headlights. foglamps
(optional extra: halogen
H 4 lamps), side indicator
lights. reversing light;
infinitely variable instrument lighting, luggage
compartment light, interior
lights with door contacts
and hand switch, lighting
for ashtray, glove box and
heater control.
Instruments
Instrument panel padded,
yielding on impact:

speedometer. oil pressure


gauge, fuel gauge, water
temperature gauge:
indicator lights for parking
brake, for battery, flashing
indicators, high beam and
fuel reserve: electric clock;
total mileage recorder,
ntrolled, total
mileage recorder, daily
mileage recorder.

Locks
Safety locks on all doors
with safety catch and
child-proof locking system
on the rear doors; luggage
compartment lid lock;
steering wheel lock combined with glowing and
starting switch: master key
for the doors, steering
wheel lock and luggage
compartment, second key
for doors and steering
wheel lock only.

Miscellaneous
Parcel tray between front
seats. pockets on the front
doors, glove compartment,
rear window shelf, interior
rear view mirror adjustable
to anti-glare position,
exterior mirror adjustable
from inside, padded sun
visors with vanity mirror on
passenger side, grab
handles on roof frame,
clothes hooks on rear grab
handles. padded armrests
on doors. grab handle on
passenger side; centre
armrest on rear seat,
cigar lighter. ashtray at the
front and rear. anchorage
points for safety belts at
the back, carpets throughout, towing lugs front and
rear. warning triangle.

" f you want to personalise your Mercedes-Benz in


order to give it an individual
atmosphere many extras are
available. Here are just a few
examples.

Mercedes-Benz powerassisted steering


Easy steering when parking
and on tight corners.
Considerable reduction in
effort required and number
of wheel turns because of
hydraulic assistance.
Complete "feel" of the road
in all situations.

)p-r'()Nl\L
I
I

J \

E-yr 1l"''\.'.1AC'v
_/\

Mercedes-Benz
automatic transmission
With Mercedes-Benz
automatic transmission you
can drive at speeds
dictated by traffic flow,
without having to operate
the clutch or change gear.
When overtaking you need
only to "kick-down" the
accelerator into what is
called the forced throttle
position in order to change
into the appropriate gear.
After overtaking, the transmission automatically
changes back again into
the higher gears.
Gear changing takes place
without interruption of the
power flow.
It is possible to override
the automatic transmission
any time by operating the
selector lever.
Headlight cleaning
equipment
Headlights are kept clean
while you are driving.
Operated in conjunction
with the windscreen w iper
unit. When the lights are
on, the headlights are

cleaned automatically
every time the windscreen
washer is used.

Telephone
With a car telephone you
can be more independent.
Important decisions can
be made while travelling
and passed on to others.
Information about car
telephone systems can be
obtained from any
Mercedes-Benz branch or
distributor.
Radio
A car radio not only
provides entertainment.
Reports on road conditions,
traffic hold-ups, diversions
etc. help the driver to
avoid annoying delays.
"Europa". "Grand Prix",
"Grand Prix Stereo" and
"Mexico Cassette Stereo"
can be installed at the
factory. In addition, for
foreign markets there is
the "Monte Carlo" model.
Other makes can be fitted
at Mercedes-Benz
branches or agencies.

Electrically heated
rear window
The electric heating
de-ices the rear window
quickly and prevents
fogging up.
Switches off automatically
after about half an hour to
avoid unnecessary
current consumption.
Sliding roof
Manually or electrically
operated versions available
Other extras
Level control;
manual or electric aerials:
1

~~~;~e~: ~~~~~aedic ~'n~ l~

backrests; set of suitcases


for better use of boot
space; special paintwork,
and many more.

Further details
can be found in our
brochure "Mercedes-Benz
Special Equipment".

AFTER-

ES SERVICE TAILORED TO INDIVIDUAL NEEDS

.___ _ B

B
C
D

E
F

G
H
J
K
L

Overall height, 1:1nladen


Overall width
Overall length
Wheelbase
Steering wheel - driver's seat backrest si
Seat height. unladen, front
Driver's backrest - rear seat backrests)
Seat height at rear

Overall seat width front

Width at shoulder height, front


Overall seat width front
M Width at shoulder height, rear
Track width, front
Track width, rear
Turning circle diameter
Boot space
5) Dimensions varv acc. to sitting pos11ton

1440 mm
1770 mm
4680 mm
2750 mm
400 mm
965 mm
755 mm
860 mm
1490 mm
1410 mm
1485 mm
1405 mm
1448 mm
1440 mm
10.98 m
approx. 0.53 m3

- - -I

()J1F'E-T'-1
'-

~ ercedes-Benz
became conscious of their responsibility
~' .

.,,.,iJA

(f

.. "'

for road safety long before the public


began discussing the subject.
Our safety research began more than
30 years ago. Since then a comprehensive system of safety measures,
complementary to each other, has been
developed.

2
Active
safety

Phys1olog1cal
safety

Passive
safety

Extenor
safely

4
Vis1onal
safety

Mercedes-Benz safety system.

The rear foglight is available as optional extra

Just a few examples:


fn 1939. Development of
safety features in the
research and development
vehicle 11; an extremely
rigid base, three-part
steering column.
1949. Safety door lock.
1951/52. Development
of the world's first safety
design for car bodies with
distortion-resistant
passenger compartment.
Impact-absorbing front and
rear sections (crumple
zones).
~ 1957. Heating and
ventilation with fan-assisted
ventilation for the interior.
1
i11i 1959. First seriesproduction cars with
safety-design bodies.
~ 1963. Standard dualcircuit braking system.
o 1967. Mercedes-Benz
safety steering; this
prevents the dreaded
"impaling" by the steering
column.

This scheme argues that


safety must be effective in
two directions:
Active safety
(To avoid accidents)
This includes safe brakes,
running gear which holds
its course, as well as steps
taken to keep the driver
alert, for making his task
easier in traffic and for
affording him maximum
safety under all conditions.
For example, comfortable
seats, all-round visibility,
economy of effort.

Passive safety
(To eliminate or reduce the
effects of an accident.)
This includes interior and
exterior safety.
Interior safety protects the
driver and passengers
within the vehicle. This is
only made possible by a
host of individual elements
which are all interdependent and take effect
Conscious of their respon- progressively.
sibility, Mercedes-Benz
Rigid passenger
compartment; deformable,
have pursued a proimpact-absorbing front and
gramme of systematic
rear sections (crumple
safety research.
A safety scheme was
zones.)
Anti-burst locks.
developed many years
All parts against which
ago and in 1966 it was
presented in the USA at an the occupants could be
thrown are either padded,
international conference.
flattened or recessed,
or so designed that they
yield on impact.
0 Padded, deformable
instrument panel which
yields in stages.
Safety steering with
large padded boss on the
steering wheel; collapsible impact absorber
under the padded boss;
steering column "telescopes" under impact;

steering box located well


behind the front axle;
non-splintering steering
wheel.
Padded door and roof
pillars.
Front seat backrest
supports deeply recessed
in the thick upholstery.
Wide strips of padding
on upper edge of backrest
rear panels.
o Interior mirror springs
out on impact.
' Flush-fitting door
handles.
11 Flexible grab-handles.
~ Padded sun visors.
a'fl Centre console deforms
on impact.
o Safety belts and headrests.
Exterior safety helps to
reduce or eliminate injury
to other road users.
No projecting parts;
the exterior shape of the
bodywork is so designed
that in the event of an
accident pedestrians or
other vehicles are not
caught on it.
No sharp edges
Round design of
bumpers with wide rubber
inserts.
Rounded safety door
handles.

F~ELIAB!Lll-Y

ell

of

ng
:rest

s.

' etter utilization of fuel


thanks to sturdy engine design coupled
with minimum repair requirements
explain the convincing economy and
long service life of the Mercedes-Benz
Diesel.
Mercedes-Benz build these cars for
drivers who consider low costs per mile,
optimum comfort and safety at high
average speeds more important than a
top speed which can only rarely be
made use of.
Mercedes-Benz built the world's first
passenger car with diesel engine in 1936.
In September 1971 the 1,000,000th
Mercedes-Benz diesel to be manufactured since 1949 left the production line.

rms

1d-

Jry

ie
ed

iber

With one full tank any of the three


Mercedes-Benz diesels will cover approx.
30% more miles than comparable
petrol-driven cars.

Exceptionally low
consumption figures
i.'li Under the technical
supervision of the ARBO
and OAMTC motoring
organizations, Austrian
automobile journalists
subjected the Mercedes
diesel to a gruelling
series of tests:
9 12 Mercedes 220 D
covered a total of
22,000 km in the course
of the Grol3glocknerFelbertauern mountain
test at an average speed
of 70.94 km/h and with an
average consumption rate
of only 8.46 1/100 km.
11>~ In the city test covering
13.5 km U1rough the centre
of Vienna in 24-hour nonstop operation a
Mercedes-Benz 220 D
achieved the incredibly
low consumption rate of
only 7.22 1/100 km.
~ 50 Mercedes-Benz
passenger cars completed
the 731. 7 km long distance
test route Salzburg Graz - Vienna - Linz Salzburg at an average
speed of 90 km/h and with
an overall average fuel
consumption of just 9.92 II
100 km.
~h' 10 vehicles which were
driven at an average
speed of 80 km/h attained
a result of 7.79 1/100 km.

Minimum repairs
Maintenance-free
injection unit.
l\il A pneumatic governor
on the injection pump
limits the maximum engine
speed; even on long.
journeys at top speed it is
impossible to overtax the
engine.
11 The Mercedes-Benz
precombustion chamber
system has shown its
worth a million times over:
the 1.000.oooth diesel
proves it. Here lies the
secret - this is why
Mercedes-Benz diesels
are so exceptionally quiet
and smooth-running.

Long service life


78% of the MercedesBenz diesel passenger
cars sold in the Federal
Republic of Germany
since 1949 are still in
service today.
Quality backed up by
statistics.

driver is entitled to
expect that his vehicle will start at any
time, and will do its job reliably and
without problems. With this knowledge
the driver is relaxed and at ease.
Safe driver reactions and a technically
impeccable vehicle provide the perfect
team. Reliability is the result of mature
design, high-quality materials and
quality workmanship.

High resale prices


G Even as used cars with
high mileages the
Mercedes-Benz diesels
undisputedly fetch the
highest prices.
,. Every used car dealer is
on the look-out for these
sturdy. longlived and
extremely economical cars.
Clean
':b A correctly adjusted
injection pump ensures
optimum combustion of
the fuel injected.
o Toxic contents in the
exhaust gases of the
diesel amount to only half
of those found in comparable petrol engines as far
as nitrous oxide is concerned and to as little as a
tenth as regards carbon
monoxide.
, These excellent features
will secure a good market
for the diesel in the future.

Bodywork
<') Frame-floor unit firmly
welded to the integral
body, therefore extremely
torsion-resistant.
" Unpleasant noises
(rattles etc) eliminated.
~ Four large exactlyfitting doors. easy to get in
and out - for passengers
in the back as well.
~ All electrical units are
separately earthed. This is
expensive but also absolutely reliable.

Running gear
~ Running gear with high
reserves of safety.
~ Frame-floor assembly,
central members and
box-type side and cross
members firmly welded to
the sheet steel floor.
... Front axle support
suspended on the front
frame side members by
rubber mountings.
, Engine-gearbox unit
rests on the front axle
support with two rubber
mounts at the front and
one rubber mount on the
frame at the rear.
1 Spring stop on the
telescopic shock absorbers.
<"tJ Hydraulic, dual-circuit
brakes with servo assistance; disc brakes all
round.
Every type of engine,
axle and gearbox is
subjected to extensive
tests under all possible
conditions.
l' In addition, every single
rear axle undergoes four
different tests for sealing
after assembly.

"

Important bolts are checked individually


by hand - the paint seal indicates they
have been passed.

Engines
l'fl Engines constructed to
last a long time.
<IOI Injection unit unaffected
by moisture
:1 Overhead camshafts.
.u1 Forged, inductivelyhardened crankshaft.
0 Every valve turns a
fraction of a revolution on
every stroke. This makes
burnt spots between valve
seat and valve disc
practically impossible.
'fl The shaft of every
exhaust valve is filled with
sodium. This reduces the
temperature of the reinforced valve seats.
Parts supplied by
outside contractors
All parts which
Mercedes-Benz do not
produce themselves
undergo rigorous testing
before they are installed
even though they have
already been inspected by
the manufacturers.
f2l In addition, random
samples are subjected to
severe testing on test
stands, corresponding to
many years driving on the
road.

' 1r=-
L f\s, r!.l f\.tr:"
~ -..J 'V'~
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Important note
Certain design features are
repeated under different
.headings in the following
chapters. This repetition is
necessary because one
technical feature often
fulfils several functions.

I .

For example:
Individual wheel location
and suspension.
It is important for:

3. Reliability
Constant wheel-adtiesion
ensures that the engine
power is reliably transmitted to the road.

1. Comfort
Bumps in the road are not
transmitted to the bodywork, thanks to smooth,
even handling characteristics.
2. Safety
It influences directional
stability and active driving
safety.

" orward-looking vehicle design,


high-class quality of material and workmanship, model policy which does not
follow fashion for fashion's sake - these
are the most important factors behind the
classic image for which Mercedes-Benz
has always been renowned. This policy
ensures high resale prices.

.],

It is a comforting thought, particularly on


holiday - there are approx. 4,300
service stations in 165 countries.

Quality of material and


workmanship
~ Hollow parts are coated
with zinc paint before
assembly to prevent
inside corrosion.
ol1' The body shell is
washed and coated with
phosphates. This provides
the first protective coat of
fine-grained zinc phosphates. After the application of
phosphates comes the
passivation which,
in conjunction with the
paint covering, helps to
prevent corrosion.
@ The first primer is
applied by dipping in a
bath.
+) Sharp edges are coated
by hand with liquid plastic
to prevent rust here as
well.
~ The front and sides are
given a flexible plastic
coating to protect them
against damage caused
by stones.
The second primer
guarantees a good, even
coating on all parts of the
bodywork.
~ Vehicle underfloor,
wheel arches. door-sills
and the lower part of the
front are given special
protection with a thick,
flexible coating.
The next coating
provides a base for the top
coat and improves the
quality of the finished
surface.
~ The final top coat not
only makes the car good
to look at, but also
provides excellent protection against any harsh
elements in the air.

~~ Every coat of paint is

~~

A total of 19 types of
baked on at temperatures bodywork repairs frequently
between 130 and 165 C. carried out (e.g. wings,
All hollow parts are also doors, bumpers) was
treated with a special wax included in the calculations.
which "creeps" and stays The result will surprise
put even on vertical surmany drivers.
faces. Corrosive influences 'h Daimler-Benz came out
resulting from condensabest. In future the
tion are therefore reduced Mercedes vehicles, for
to a minimum.
which replacement of all
' All parts which are
body panels amounts to
installed later (axles,
35.3% of the purchase
transmission shaft, track
price, will therefore have
rods etc.) are, together
the best comprehensive
with the engine compartinsurance rate in Austria ...
ment and the whole
underside of the vehicle,
Two Mercedes-Benz
covered with a thick
among the best ten in
protective wax.
the world
~ Altogether, approx.
~ A well-known motoring
20 kg of paint, 14 kg
magazine chose the top
underfloor coating and wax ten cars from the entire
are needed for each
world.
vehicle.
0 In 1971 four vehicles
'i~ The axle housings and
from Germany were
engine block are coated
included.
inside with a special heat And two of these were
and oil-resistant paint.
Mercedes-Benz.
') A member of the
Service
editorial staff commented
There is a total of
as follows: "If you judge all
4,345 service stations in
the cars in the world on
165 countries in the world. the basis of engineering,
Experienced service
construction integrity,
experts are kept up to
reliability and the degree
date by factory specialists. of perfection with which
That provides safety
they fulfil their intended
and attention especially on function, then the best
holiday trips.
cars in the world are
probably all built by
Extract from the
Mercedes-Benz."
"Frankfurter Allgemeine (Road & Track, August 1971)
Zeitung" of 15th
November 1971:
High insurance premium
for cars needing many
repairs
Austrian insurance
companies are changing
their comprehensive and
collision insurance
system ...

ii~ omfort is more than a

,r ill~
,., "'

<.l;f

general feeling of ease. Mercedes-Benz


comfort is the product of scientific
research - the interplay of many factors
with the aim of keeping the driver
relaxed and yet alert.
This interplay is planned right from the
design and development stages.
Running gear, interior, seating, controls
and many other factors are all properly
coordinated and form an inseparable unit.

All control switches and instruments are


designed to be within easy reach and
within the driver's field of vision. They are
also laid out in a way which avoids
confusion.

Running gear
~ Reliable road-adhesion
of the wheels.
' Safe cornering stability.
"'~ Good straight line
stability.
Individual wheel location
and suspension. At the
front: double wishbones
with anti-dive control;
at the rear: diagonal swing
axle with brake torque
compensation.
,'Ii Comfortable suspension,
good vibration damping.
~ Anti-roll bars at the front
and rear to eliminate
unpleasant body-roll on
corners.
~ Hydraulic telescopic
shock absorbers filled with
gas.
e'# Movements of the
steering wheel are transmitted directly and accurately to the front wheels
with little effort thanks to
Mercedes-Benz recirculating ball steering.
tp Steering dampers.
Bodywork
Roomy interior yet
exterior dimensions permit
good handling in traffic.
This bodywork provides
the optimum answer to
basically contradictory
demands.
""' Small turning circle and
good all-round visibility.
@ Large doors; getting in
and out is easy and
comfortable.
41> Windscreen wipers with
two speeds and intermittent control.
e Side windows largely
free of dirt thanks to the
aerodynamically designed
deflectors on the front
pillars.

Rear light covers which


minimise dirt adhesion.
t High-intensity headlights
and foglamps.
"' Clearly visible signals.
Roomy luggage
compartment, well-lit and
easy to load.
~11 Rubber pads between
wheel suspension and the
bodywork provide insulalion against vibrations and
noises.
,.. Hermetic separation of
the engine and passenger
compartments.

Seats
,, Headrests and inertia
reel three-point safety belts
which roll up automatically.
Driver is kept alert by
contoured seats.
Anatomically correct
sitting position.
Firm lateral support.
"' Infinitely adjustable
backrests.
fi> Continuous absorption
of any body moisture.
Steel spring core with
graduated, relatively taut
spring action.
i~ No tiring vibrations.
Interior
Ji Thighs adequately
~ Design from the inside
supported.
outwards, hence greatest
@ Relaxed posture.
possible freedom of move- ~:ii Sufficient distance from
ment inside with exterior
the steering wheel and
dimensions permitting
windscreen.
good handling in traffic.
O Ample leg room.
ti! Little effort required for
0 Plenty of room for head
operation so that the
and shoulders.
driver does not become
tired.
Heating and ventilation
Ill All switches and levers
Draught-free continuous
designed and positioned
stream of warm or cold
in a manner which is
air with additional blower
logically and physiologifor windscreen, side
cally sound; they are easy windows and footwells.
Air volume and air
to locate and almost
impossible to confuse.
distribution for warm and
cold air infinitely variable
Non-dazzle, central
arrangement of instruupwards and downwards.
ments in a cluster in the top c, Separate heating
section of the instrument
controls for left and right
panel.
sides.
,. Outside mirror can be o Infinitely adjustable
adjusted from the inside.
wide-range spherical
Parcel tray, well-lit glove
vents for warm and cold
compartment, pockets on air on the right and left of
front doors, spacious rear the dashboard.
window shelf.
~ Large fresh air inlets in
It Four upholstered armthe middle of the dashrests, centre armrest
board adjustable in all
between rear seats.
directions.
~ Hard-wearing carpets.
m Continuous ventilation.