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Section

page

Rechtsfragen / Legal questions


1
Question juridiques / Cuestiones de derecho
2
Sicherheit / Safety / Scurit / Seguridad
3
Service safty hints
4
User manual ..................................................................................................................... 4
Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 4
List of modifications ........................................................................................................ 4
Adjustments...................................................................................................................... 4

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Copyright
Ohne vorherige schriftliche Erlaubnis der Firma Leica AG, Heerbrugg (Schweiz), darf dieses Dokument
weder insgesamt noch auszugsweise mit mechanischen, fotografischen, elektronischen oder
irgendwelchen anderen Mitteln (einschlielich ihrer Umwandlung oder bertragung in
maschinenlesbarer Form) kopiert, in einem Informationsspeicher abgelegt, auerhalb des dafr
vorgesehenen Zwecks oder in irgend einer Form an von Leica AG, Heerbrugg nicht ausdrcklich befugte
Dritte zugnglich gemacht oder abgegeben werden.

Haftung
Dieses Dokument richtet sich ausschlielich an qualifizierte Servicetechniker und Servicetechnikerinnen,
welche ber die notwendigen Fachkenntnisse verfgen.
Qualifizierte Servicetechniker und Servicetechnikerinnen sind solche, die den entsprechenden
Servicekurs bei Leica AG, Heerbrugg erfolgreich besucht haben und bei Unternehmen der Leica Gruppe
oder bei von Leica AG, Heerbrugg autorisierten Vertretungen oder Servicewerksttten ttig sind.
Wird dieses Dokument von nicht qualifizierten Servicetechniker und Servicetechnikerinnen verwendet,
so lehnt Leica AG, Heerbrugg jegliche Haftung ab fr direkte und indirekte Schden, die durch nicht
fachgeme Anwendung und/oder Interpretation dieses Dokumentes entstehen.

Copyright
Without prior permission in writing by Leica AG, Heerbrugg (Switzerland), this document shall not be
reproduced as a whole or in part, by mechanical, photographic, electronic, or other means (including into
or transmission in machine-readable form); stored in any retrieval system; used for any purpose other
than that/those for which it is intended; nor made accessible or communicated in any form to any third
party not expressly authorized by Leica AG, Heerbrugg to have access thereto.

Liability
This document is strictly for the use of qualified service engineers with the requisite technical skills.
Only persons who have successfully completed the appropriate service training provided by Leica AG,
Heerbrugg and are in the employ of a company in the Leica Group or of an agency, distributor, or service
workshop duly authorized by Leica AG, Heerbrugg have the status of qualified service engineer.
Leica AG, Heerbrugg accepts no liability whatever for direct or indirect damage that may occur due to
the
unauthorized or improper use or interpretation of this document by any person who is not a qualified
service engineer in accordance with the above definition.



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Copyright
Sans autorisation crit pralable de Leica AG, Heebrugg il est interdit de reproduire ce document,
entirement ou partiellement, par quelque procd que ce soit (mcanique, lectronique ou autres, y
compris la transformation ou la transmission sous une forme exploitable machinellement), de le y mettre
en mmoire sur un support informatique, de l'utiliser d'autres fins que celles prvues, de la rendre
accessible uo de le transmettre sous quelque forme que ce soit des tiers non authoriss expressment
par Leica AG, Heerbrugg.

Responsabilit
Ce document s'adresse exclusivement au personnel technique qualifi, disposant des connaissances
requises.Ce personnel doit avoir suivi une formation approprie chez Leica AG, Heerbrugg au terme de
laquelle ses aptitudes auront t juges satisfaisantes, travailler dans des socits du Groupe Leica ou
dans des reprsentations ou ateliers de maintenance agrs par Leica AG, Heerbrugg.
Si ce document est utilis par un personnel non qualifi, Leica AG, Heerbrugg dcline toute
responsabilit face des dommages directs ou indirects dus une application non conforme ou une
mauvaise interprtation de ce document.

Copyright
Sin el permiso previo por escrito de Leica AG, Heerbrugg (Suiza), este documento no puede ser
reproduzido total ni parcialmente por medios mecnicos, fotogrficos, electrnicos o de calquier otro tipo
(incluyendo la conversin en forma legible por mquinas), ni ser introducido en un sistema informtico o
utilizado para fines distintos de los previstos. Bajo ningn concepto puede hacerse accesible a terceros
sin la autorizacin explicita de Leica AG, Heerbrugg.

Responsabilidad
Este documento va dirigido exclusivamente al personal tcnico cualificado que disponga de los
conocimientos requeridos.
Estos tcnicos deben haber atendido en Leica AG, Heerbrugg el correspondiente curso de formacin de
forma satisfactoria, as como trabajar, bien en una de las sociedades del Grupo Leica, bien en
representaciones de o talleres autorizados por Leica AG, Heerbrugg.
Si este documento se utiliza por personal no cualificado, Leica AG, Heerbrugg declina toda
responsabilidad en caso de producirse, directa o indirectamente, daos debidos a un empleo inapropiado
y/o interpretacin errnea de este documento.



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Fr die Servicetechniker und Servicetechnikerinnen gelten folgende Pflichten:
Sie verstehen und befolgen die Sicherheitsinformationen und die Instruktionen auf dem Produkt sowie

in der Gebrauchsanleitung.
Sie kennen die ortsblichen gesetzlichen, betrieblichen und ausserbetrieblichen

Unfallverhtungsvorschriften im Wissen, dass sich diese auf dem aktuellsten Stand befinden.
Sie benachrichtigen Leica schriftlich, sobald an der Ausrstung Sicherheitsmngel auftreten.

Service technicians have the following obligations:


To understand and follow the safety information and instructions on the product and in the user

manual.
To be familiar with local regulations relating to industrial and non-industrial accident prevention in

the knowledge that these regulations are up to date.


To inform Leica immediately in writing if the equipment becomes unsafe.

Le personnel technique a les obligations suivantes.


comprendre et suivre les consignes de scurit et les instructions mentionnes sur le produit ainsi que
dans le manuel d'utilisation.
connatre, en matire de prvention des accidents, les prescriptions locales en vigueur dans l'entreprise
et l'extrieur de l'entreprise.
informer immdiatement Leica par crit si l'quipement prsente un dfaut de scurit.

El personal tcnico ha de cumplir las siguientes obligaciones:


Comprender y seguir las informaciones de seguridad e instrucciones del producto y las del manual de

empleo.
Conocer, en materia de prevencin de accidentes, las normas locales en vigor, tanto en el interior de la

empresa, como en el exterior.


Informar a Leica por escrito si el equipo presenta defectos en materia de seguridad.



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The user manual also contains important safety notices. Please read the
user manual thoroughly before switching on the instrument for the first
time.

,QWURGXFWLRQ

This handbook is only for use by Leica-trained service personnel. It is no


substitute for attendance at a training course about the T(C)(M) 1100 /
1700 / 1800. The reader is assumed to be familiar with the user manual
supplied with each instrument. Before starting to study the present
handbook, the service technician must be able to use the instrument in
accordance with the user manual.
CAUTION:

Opening the T(C)(M) 1100 / 1700 / 1800 is only permitted in dust-free


rooms and by trained technicians, because dust on the circles or on the
diode arrays interferes with the measurement of angles. The use of a
flow box is recommended. If the instrument has been opened, check to
see that no dust has entered. After repair, always use the cleanliness
machine to inspect the circles.

/LVWRIPRGLILFDWLRQV

Before exchanging a PCB or a unit, refer to the list of modifications in


section 2 of part 1 of this handbook in order to make sure that the PCB or
the unit can in fact be fitted in that particular instrument. Always start by
inspecting the modification index (extension a,b,c...) which follows the
board number on the PCB.

$GMXVWPHQWV

After exchanging a PCB or a unit, always carry out the adjustments


stipulated. Refer to the section about software for adjusting and testing.



December 99

Leica Geosystems AG,


Heerbrugg

REVISION
Documentation

: Service manual TPS1000-System, part II

Status

: Edition 11/94

Revision (last): 02/99


new: 12/99

Reason for revision : Sealing of the surface between eyepiece tube and telescope
housing inclusive screws, with sealing grease AF2 534 013

Steps to be taken
Section

File

:
Remove page,(s)

Introduce, page(s)

Title sheet

Title sheet

6-15/16

6-15/16

: Insert this sheet (Revision) into the Service manual TPS-System 1000
part I, section 2. (The section Revisions/Service News is valid for
part I and II)

With kind regards

Rolf Aerni
Instrument-Service & Dokumentation

June 99

Leica Geosystems AG,


Heerbrugg

REVISION
Documentation

: Service manual TPS1000-System, part II

Status

: Edition 11/94

Revision (last): 04/98


new: 02/99

Reason for revision : Corrections


Steps to be taken
Section

:
Remove

Introduce

Title sheet

Title sheet

2-13/14, 15/16, 21/22, 25/26

2-13/14, 15/16, 21/22, 25/26

6-1/2, 3/4, 21/22

6-1/2, 3/4, 21/22

14

14-I/II

14-I/II

14

14-3/4, 9/10, 11/12

14-3/4, 9/10, 11/12

File

: Insert this sheet (Revision) into the Service manual TPS-System 1000
part I, section 2. (The section Revisions/Service News is valid for
part I and II)

With kind regards

Rolf Aerni
Instrument-Service & Dokumentation

April 1998

/HLFD*HRV\VWHPV$*
+HHUEUXJJ

5(9,6,21
Dokumentation

: TPS-System 1000 Service manual, part II

Status

: Edition 11/94

Revision (last): 01/98


new: 04/98

Reason for revision : Corrections


Steps to be taken

Section

Remove page(s)

Number of
sheets

Introduce page(s)

Number of
sheets

--

Title sheet

Title sheet

complete

Contents, Lega questions

5-5 to 5-10

5-5 to 5-10

Contents, 6-23/24, 6-27/28

Contents, 6-23/24, 6-27/28

13

13-3/4, 5/6, 9/10, 11/12

13-3/4, 5/6, 9/10, 11/12

14

14-3/4, 9/10, 11/12, 13/14

14-3/4, 9/10, 11/12, 13/14

20

complete

20-1 to 20-8

File

: Insert this yellow sheet (Revision) into the TPS-System 1000 Service manual
part I, section 2 (That section Revisions/Service News is valid for part
I and II).

With kind regards,

Rolf Aerni
Instrument-Service & Documentation

LGS Service News


Leica Geosystems AG
No.
To
Date / from

12/2004

Leica Geosystems AG
Heinrich-Wild-Strasse
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
(Switzerland)

Service staff
24.2.2004 / HGA-3766

www.leica-geosystems.com
File
Subject

Service Manuals TPS300 / TPS1000 / TPS1100 / TPS2000 / TPS5000


ATR Adjustment

ATR Adjustment
Background

In many Leica Geosystems Service-Centres, the method used to adjust


centring of the CCD-array is not the conventional method documented in
the relevant Service manuals. Instead, a somewhat simpler, but still
perfectly valid alternative method is applied.

Conventional
Method

The conventional method uses the telescope 501160 in conjunction with


the measuring jig 500933 and IR-auxiliary diodes 470925 to establish a
centring target for the CCD array.

Fig. 1
Set-up of special tools for
conventional method of centring
CCD-Camera

Alternative Method

Fig. 2
Measuring jig 500933
no longer available!

Fig. 3
Telescope 501160

Fig. 4
IR-auxiliary diodes
470925

In essence, the alternative method differs from the conventional method


in the following way. With the ATR-fibre-optics tube (of TCWII or
TCWIII telescope) attached to ATR-transmitter diode, the crosshairs of
the TCWII (or TCWIII) telescope are simply aimed to the centre of a
GPR1 reflector prism, located at a distance of approx.10m instead, as
with the conventional method, to the crosshairs of telescope 501160 (as
illustrated in Fig. 1). The rest of the CCD-array adjustment procedure is
identical to the conventional method described in the relevant ServiceManuals.

Fig 5:
To adjust centring of ATR-array, telescope is aimed at a GPR1
reflector located at at distance of approx. 10m

1(2)

ATR Focus
Adjustment

As a consequence of this, measuring jig 500933 is no longer offered.


However, to adjust the focus position of the CCD-array, it is necessary to
illuminate the crosshairs of the auxiliary telescope 501160. As this was
also done with the aid of measuring jig 500933, we now offer a simple
and inexpensive auxillary illumination holder as a substitute:

739931 Auxiliary Illumination Holder

Which method to
use?

Revision of Service
Manuals

Please be aware, that all Service Centres already in possession of


measuring jig 500933 may continue to use this tool as an illuminator for
the adjustment of the ATR-array focus. It is also perfectly okay to
continue to use the conventional method documented in the relevant
service manuals. However, all newly established Service Centres can
only be furnished with the new tool (739931 auxiliary illumination for
ATR) and hence only the alternative method to centre the CCD-array
may be used.
At this stage, we plan to publish revisions for the relevant Service
Manuals in due course. The revisions will mention the new adjustment
method.

Leica Geosystems AG
Andre Hug
Customer Support & Services

2(2)

ATR Adjustment

Service News
Leica Geosystems AG
No.

07/2004

For

Service Personnel

Date/Author
File under
Subject

Leica Geosystems AG
Heinrich-Wild-Strasse
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
(Switzerland)

25.02.2004 / 3691 DMF

service.leica-geosystems.com

Service Manual TPS1000, TPS2000 & 5000


Keyboards for the TPS1000, TPS2000 & 5000

Keyboards for the TPS1000, TPS2000 &


5000
Leaks found

Leaks have been reported to us that occurred in individual keyboards of


the TPS1000 (TC/TCA 1800), TPS2000 (TC/TCA 2003) and TPS5000
family of instruments.
The affected eyboards are:
Keyboard: mat. no. 704924 for TPS1000/2000
Keyboard: mat. no. 706276 for TPS1000/
GTS11 conversion set for a second keyboard:
mat no. 664779 for TPS1000/2000

Cause

Insufficient gluing between the cover glass and the front frame.

Preventive measure

To avoid any further complaints, we are recalling all keyboards kept as


spare parts at service warehouses or which are on instruments still at sales
departments. They will be checked and if required reglued.
Sales departments are instructed to send affected instrumnents in stock to
their respective service departments to have the kayboards exchanged.
Ordering (under warranty) is done as usual through SAP or with the
Repair Report to Factory. Please mention Service News 07/2004 as
reference.
Important:
Perform a complete function test (service SW-keyboard test) after
exchanging the keyboard.

TPS5000

TPS5000 instruments are mostly used indoors and therefore, our recall is
limited to those instruments of the TPS5000 series that are used outdoors,
typically the TDM5005& TDA5005.
Affected instruments are:
TDM5005, serial N.> 439586 & TDA5005, serial N. > 439661 as from
delivery data January 2003

Keyboards for the TPS1000, TPS2000 & 5000

1(2)

Inspection mark

Inspected or reglued keyboards are identified by a dot located at the top


of the front frame beside the middle locking tappet.

Shipments as of
19.02.2004

On these instruments keyboards, the cover glasses have been reglued.

By the way

The entry fields of the keyboard are protected by a hardly visible foil.
The slighthly glossy surface is that of the foil on the instrument. Please
remove the foil before handing the instrument over to the customer.

Leica Geosystems AG
F. Dal Molin
Customer Support & Services

2(2) Keyboards for the TPS1000, TPS2000 & 5000

Leica Geosystems AG Service News


Leica Geosystems AG
No.
To
Date/Author

Leica Geosystems AG
Heinrich-Wild-Strasse

25/2001

CH-9435 Heerbrugg
(Switzerland)

Service Staff
20TH July 2001 / 3691-DMF

www.leica-geosystems.com
File
Subject

Workshop folder Service News, Service Manual TPS100/TPS1100


Laser Guide GUS64 and GUS74

Laser Guide GUS64 and GUS74


IMPORTANT NOTICE:
Safety related
retrofits

Safety related retrofits for TPS1000 and TPS1100 instruments with


laser guide, GUS64 and GUS74 (deliveries ex Heerbrugg before 31TH
May 2001, 120 instruments are world wide).
We were confronted with the possiblity that the GUS64/GUS74 laser
guide beam reflected from a prism or a reflective surface could cause
harm to the eye of the observer looking through the telescope.
Eventhough this is not a likely scenario while operating the instrument,
we have nonetheless decided to provide a safety related retrofit.

New reticle for


GUS64 / GUS74

The safety related retrofit for the affected instruments is a new reticle.
With this measure, eye safety is assured.
It must be noted, that when the new reticle is used the telescope provides
a daylight picture with a just barely visible discoloration.
Retrofitted instruments can be recognized by a white mark, visible when
the ejepiece is removed and by the reddish hue of the lens when looking
at the eyepiece.
The retrofit may only be carried out by workshops with trained staff
authorized by Leica Geosystems AG.
Part no. of the mounted reticle:

TPS1000/GUS64

725 675

TPS1100/GUS74

Laserguide GUS64 und GUS74

1(2)

Contacting
customers

By instruction of Leica Geosystems AG in Heerbrugg, our sales units are


to request customers in writing to have the instruments retrofitted at an
authorized workshop. Several worhshops will be contacted by the
customers in the next weeks to obtain an early appointment for
retrofitting.
Order the required number of mounted reticles free-of-charge from Mr.
Plut Erich. Erich.Plut@leica-geosystems.com

Adjusting and
testing

Retrofits require that after adjusment of Hz-collimation and the V-index


all EDM and ATR adjustments are also inspected and readjusted if
necessary.

GUS64 / GUS74

For reasons of laser safety, please only undertake the fitting and
adjusting of the mounted reticle to the TPS1000 or TPS1100
respectively.
Ask the customer to perform the adjustment of the laser guide in
accordance with the User Manual, prior using the instrument.

Feed back

Feed back must be given immediately to Leica Geosystems AG (via Geosupport) on each instrument that has been successfully retrofitted. You
report must include customer details (Name and adress), instrument type
and serial number.
GeoSupport@leica-geosystems.com

Leica Geosystems AG
Peter Tanner
Customer Support & Services

2(2) Laserguide GUS64 und GUS74

F. Dal Molin
Customer Support & Services

LGS Service News


Leica Geosystems AG
No.
To
Date / from
File
Subject

58/99

Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg
(Switzerland)

Service staff
06.10.99 / 3429 MIK
Workshop binder "Service News", Service Manual TPS 1000
TPS1000 version 2.26

TPS1000 version V2.26


New software
V2.26

Change the software as soon as possible on all of the TPS1000


instruments listed below where their software version is earlier than the
version indicated:
on demonstration instruments before delivery to customers;
on customers instruments the next time they arrive for servicing.
We do not consider that a general recall of customers instruments is
necessary.

Improvements

Please refer to Fax News 36-99.

Checking the
instruments

After the new software has been loaded it is not necessary to fill in a test
report in accordance with the service program. It is enough to determine
and inspect the Hz-collimation and the V-index.
If however you carry out a complete inspection, either the costs must be
passed on to your customer or your organization must absorb them as
support measures for the customer. Work of this nature is not covered
by the guarantee and so Leica Heerbrugg are not responsible for the
resulting costs.
Please inform your sales personnel about this matter.

Download

The TPS1000 systems software can itself be downloaded from the


Service home page in Internet.
The address is :http://www.leica-geosystems.com/tech-service/
Please refer to LSG Service News 06/97.

Leica AG
Rolf Aerni
Instr. Service & Documentation

Kurt Mittelberger
Service Documentation

TPS1000 version V2.26

1(1)

September 30, 1999

FaxNews

GEO/GPS Surveying

36/99

Geodesy Marketing Information, Leica Geosystems AG, Heerbrugg


Helga Katowski, Tel. +41 71 727 33 87, Fax +41 71 727 47 02; www.leica-geosystems.com

TPS1000

We are pleased to announce the release of a new TPS1000/2000/5000 CD-ROM V2.26, dated 30
September 1999. CD-ROM V2.26 principally contains mainly bug fixes. No additional functionality
has been added.
The new System software V2.26 is now valid for all types of TPS1000/2000/5000 instruments.
V.2.26 will replace the versions 2.24 and 2.25.
New version 2.26 of the application RoadPlus has been released, too.
Note that the new version 2.26 will be installed on all new TPS1000/2000/5000 instruments from
30 September 1999 onwards.

System Software V2.26

System software V2.26 contains several improvements:

After pressing MEAS, the autocollimation lamp remains on (in version 2.24, it was switched
off)

The compensator routines have been changed to improve measurement accuracy after the
instrument has been turned.

TCA 2003, 5005 and 5100 instruments have had a firmware modification to avoid occasional
shutdowns during Lock Mode.
Problems in application RoadPlus (computing station near spiral begin/end points) and in
application Cogo (computing intersection with directions near North/South and East/West)
are solved.

RoadPlus V2.26

RoadPlus V2.26 contains several improvements:

Height difference now correct when on slope on the right side of a cross section

Height difference sign now matches stakeout (cut/fill)

Maximum cross section points (that is, per single template) increased to 64 (not for GPS)

Greatly increased speed performance when reading cross section file, particulary noticeable
when checking large files

Corrected 'unable to calculate stationing' at point close to spiral


Note: This correction affects spirals with starting radius other than infinity.

Added parameter 'editable height' when calling stakeout (sent as FALSE).

Corrected display of cross section name when using cross section assignment file.

Full path name to DTM Stake Out correcting problem with init and reading of DTM (files
should be in \DTM).

Improved handling of leading zeroes in cross section name display.

Added elevation to reference point screen.

Configuration dialog refreshes after sleep.


For more information about this release, in particular more detailed release notes and update
recommendations, please refer to the respective Communication to Representative (to be mailed
early October)
The new software versions mentioned above can be downloaded free of charge from the Leica
Service Internet Home Page at the following address:
http://www.leica-geosystems.com/tech-service/

For internal use only

- 1/1 -

LGS Service News


Leica Geosystems AG
No.

17/99

Leica AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg

To
Date / from
File
Subject

Service staff

(Switzerland)

22.03.98 / 3429 MIK


Workshop binder "Service News", Service manual TPS System 1000
TPS1000 version 2.25

TPS1000 version V2.25


New software
V2.25

Change the software as soon as possible on all of the TPS1000


instruments listed below where their software version is earlier than the
version indicated:
on demonstration instruments before delivery to customers;
on customersinstruments the next time they arrive for servicing.
We do not consider that a general recall of customersinstruments is
necessary.

New versions

The changes relative to the older software version are described in the
appendix Whats New ! TPS1000 V2.25 .

Checking the
instruments

After the new software has been loaded it is not necessary to fill in a test
report in accordance with the service program. It is enough to determine
and inspect the Hz-collimation and the V-index.
If however you carry out a complete inspection, either the costs must be
passed on to your customer or your organization must absorb them as
support measures for the customer. Work of this nature is not covered
by the guarantee and so Leica Heerbrugg are not responsible for the
resulting costs.
Please inform your sales personnel about this matter.

Ordering

The TPS1000 systems software can itself be downloaded from the Service
home page in Internet.
The address is :http://www.leica.com/lsg-service/
Please refer to LSG Service News 06/97.

Leica AG
Rolf Aerni
Instr. Service & Documentation

Kurt Mittelberger
Service Documentation

TPS1000 version 2.25

1(1)

30

40

50

What's New! - TPS1000 V2.25


Important Notice!
The new software-version is valid for TPS1000 series only, including
TDM/TDA5000.

Tuesday, March 23, 1999

Total no. of pages: 1

1. About this release


Whats New

The system-software 2.25 contains mainly bug fixes. No additional


functionality has been added.
Software Upgrade to 2.25 is necessary ONLY if the System V2.25
improvements listed below will affect your work. Otherwise, you
may upgrade at your option to maintain peak performance of your
instrument.

2. Changes made in 2.25 (compared to version 2.22)


Does not go to sleep-mode anymore during lengthy file
operations (e.g. delete block in a large file). In order to delete a
block, the memory card must have free space at least equal to or
greater than the size of the file being edited. An error message
shows up if there is not enough free space.
Year 2000 is now recognized as a leap year (29.February 2000)
TDM/TDA5000 are displaying and recording angles with a
resolution of 0.1 second.
Bug fixed in handling of very large coordinates (>1'000'000.000)
in US-feet.
Bug fixed in Quickset function Coordinate recall.
GeoBasic improved for a special application
Bug in GeoCOM was fixed (Prism offset in QuickDist).
On some instruments temperatures below approximately -5C
caused the electronic bubble and angles not to display. This is
solved.
Leica Geosystems AG
Business Area GEO
W.Hardegen

Business Area GEO


Leica Geosystems AG, Heinrich-Wild-Strasse
CH-9435 Heerbrugg, (Switzerland)
www.leica.com

LGS Service News


Leica Geosystems AG
No.
To
Date / from
File
Subject

Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg

04/99

(Switzerland)

Service staff
03.02.99 / 3691-DMF
Workshop binder Service News, SML TPS System 100 TCWII, 1000 Part I, 2000, 5000
Torque of screws on telescope housing cover (EDM)

Torque of screws on telescope housing cover


(EDM)
Correcting the
torque

Since the TCWII distancer was introduced, the securing screws for the
telescope housing cover have been tightened with a torque of 40Ncm.
This value is in accordance with the present state of our manufacturing
procedures and has not been entered in our Service Manuals.
In the Service Manuals, a value of 35Ncm is given instead of the correct
value of 40Ncm. The Service Manuals which are affected will be
revised shortly; they are the Service Manuals for TPS-System 100,
1000, 2000 and 5000.

Moisture in the
EDM housing

Under extreme weather conditions the torque of 35Ncm


may not be sufficient to keep the telescope housing watertight, with the
result that moisture penetrates into the telescope housing.
Repeated tests have confirmed that the torque of 40Ncm is correct.

Instruments
affected

The only instruments which could be affected are those in which the
EDM has been repaired or from which the telescope housing cover has
been removed.
Test these instruments when they next come in for servicing, and tighten
the screws with 40Ncm.

Measures to be
taken

Set the torque wrench to 40Ncm and calibrate.


(This torque is also used for the TPS300 and TPS1100 series)
Fit new gaskets to the telescope housing cover whenever the EDM is
serviced (see Service Manual)
Use the 49mm-long blade of the torque wrench (article no. 529 126)

Leica Geosystems AG
Rolf Aerni
Instr. Service & Documentation

F. Dal Molin
Service Documentation

Torque of screws on telescope housing cover (EDM) 1(1)

LGS Service News


Leica Geosystems AG
No.
To
Date / from
File
Subject

Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg

23/98

(Switzerland)

Service staff
01. 07. 98 / 3691 DMF
Workshop binder Service News, Service Manuals TPS-System 1000 Part 1,
TPS System 2000 and TPS System 5000
Short-range measuring with TCAs

Short-range measuring with TCAs


ATR vibrates at
short range

During the manufacturing process we have recently observed on several


occasions that some TCA instruments vibrate when used for measuring at
short ranges (3m to 12m).
These vibrations are caused by the ATR receiver channel.
The scatter of the tolerances of the CCD arrays between the different
batches delivered is a major factor.

Different types of
user

There are basically two types of user.


Those who use the instrument for medium- to long-range measurements
are not affected.
Those who use the instrument for short-range work may notice the fault.

The instruments
affected

The fault cannot arise in many TCA units, because the problem has
already been solved during the manufacturing process by using a new
filter.

Procedure in
Technical Service

For TCA units which have given rise to customer complaints, the red filter
564 736 (with gold-coloured coating) in the receiver objective must be
replaced by the filter 710 383 (with dark coating). This filter can be
ordered under warranty from the Spare Parts Service if reference is made
to this issue of Service News.
Note:
If there is a high ambient brightness level, e.g. in bright sunshine, the new
filter affects the range of the TCAs and the maximum range is reduced by
about 20%. The new filter can therefore only be fitted if the use of the
instrument is to be restricted to short ranges.
After this modification, the instrument must be adjusted and inspected.
The cost of the time expended (about 2 hours) can be reclaimed under
the conditions of the warranty.

Leica Geosystems AG
Rolf Aerni
Instr. Service & Documentation

Fulvio Dal Molin


Service Documentation

Short-range measuring with TCAs

1(1)

LGS Service News


Leica Geosystems AG
No.
To
Date / from
File
Subject

Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg

22/98

(Switzerland)

Service staff
26.06.98 / 3429 MIK
Workshop binder Service News, Service Manual TPS System 1000
Keyboard caps

Keyboard caps
Protective caps

The protective cap between the keyboard and the keyboard carrier
presses against the integrated circuit on the print. No negative
consequences have been reported so far, but in principle the situation
could lead to the unit becoming no longer watertight, or shock effects
could shorten the life of the integrated circuit.

Improvement

If instruments come in for servicing and the keyboard is removed,


proceed as follows:
Remove the caps between the keyboard and the keyboard carrier. Use
Kapton tape to make the holes watertight.

1. Remove the caps


2. Make holes watertight with
Kapton tape

Leica Geosystems AG
Rolf Aerni
Instr. Service & Documentation

Kurt Mittelberger
Service Documentation
1(1)

LGS Service News


Leica Geosystems AG
No.
To
Date / from
File
Subjectt

Leica Geosystems AG
CH-9435 Heerbrugg

15/98

(Switzerland)

Service staff
11.05.98 / 3691-DMF
Workshop binder Service News, Service Manual TPS-System 1000
TPS1000 Support 571 368

TPS-System 1000 Support 571 368


Modifications to the
support

So that the TPS-System 1000 support 571 368 can also be used for the
new TPS-System 2000 series, it has had to be modified.
The changes relate to the region of the keyboard, and enable the modified
support to be used with the steep keyboard. The stock number of the
modified support remains unchanged.

Effects on technical
service

If dropping a support damages it beyond repair, then very probably the


keyboards have also been damaged and will need to be replaced by the new
steep keyboards.
For this reason we want to discontinue providing the reworked support for
flat keyboards. This support is anyway only used rarely.
Unfortunately this information is reaching you too late, and we should like
to apologize. However, since introducing the modification last year we
have received only one report from outside.

Procedure

If, when repairing an instrument with a flat keyboard, you require a new
support, you must also order the keyboard carrier and keyboard for the
steep version if these are not available in your agency.
In addition, the container insert 636 771 needs to be replaced in
accordance with Service News 07/97.

Leica Geosystems AG
Rolf Aerni
Instr. Service & Documentation

Fulvio Dal Molin


Service Documentation

1(1)

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Section
page
General descriptions
1
T(C)(M) 1100 / 1700 / 1800 ............................................................................................ 1
Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 1
Cleanliness ....................................................................................................................... 1
List of modifications ........................................................................................................ 1
Adjustments...................................................................................................................... 1
Advantages over other instruments.................................................................................. 2
Angle measurement.......................................................................................................... 2
Inclinometer ..................................................................................................................... 2
Mass storage..................................................................................................................... 2
Distancer .......................................................................................................................... 2

Appendix

number

Product information
Chargers and batteries ...................................................................................................... 2/95

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The T(C)(M) 1100 / 1700 / 1800 is a new development, and has a new
keyboard/display unit, a new interface (GEOCOM instead of GSI), and a
new user concept. Recording is by means of a memory card. The DI1600
serves as the EDM module for the TC(M) 1100 / 1700 / 1800.

,QWURGXFWLRQ

This handbook is only for use by Leica-trained service personnel. It is no


substitute for attendance at a training course about the T(C)(M) 1100 /
1700 / 1800. The reader is assumed to be familiar with the user manual
supplied with each instrument. Before starting to study the present
handbook, the service technician must be able to use the instrument in
accordance with the user manual.

&OHDQOLQHVV
CAUTION:

Opening the T(C)(M) 1100 / 1700 / 1800 is only permitted in dust-free


rooms and by trained technicians, because dust on the circles or on the
diode arrays interferes with the measurement of angles. The use of a
flow box is recommended. If the instrument has been opened, check to
see that no dust has entered. After repair, always use the cleanliness
machine to inspect the circles.

/LVWRIPRGLILFDWLRQV

Before exchanging a PCB or a unit, refer to the list of modifications in


part 1 of this handbook in order to make sure that the PCB or the unit can
in fact be fitted in that particular instrument. Always start by inspecting
the modification index (extension a,b,c...) which follows the board
number on the PCB.

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After exchanging a PCB or a unit, always carry out the adjustments


stipulated. Refer to the section about software for adjusting and testing.



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User interface :
Function-key concept provides a more flexible, customer-specific
display mode
More information is visible at any one time
Simple graphic display for user-support during program flow
Improved alphanumeric input
Better contrast
New data structure :
Quicker data search
Point numbers with more than 8 characters
A sufficient number of places before and after the decimal point
Options of object storage and of more flexible attribution
Layer acquisition possible even in field, by using attributes
Loss-free data transfer to GIS / LIS
PenPad etc. for more flexible communication
Clear structure with station point, target, meteorological data, several
coordinates per point, etc.
Accuracy and reliability of various data are indicated
Exchangeability with GPS data
Compatible with standardized national data formats

Motorized system :
Advantages in setting out, for sets of angles, and when changing face

Other advantages :
Two-axis compensator
Data storage by memory card
Software is interchangeable and expandable
High-performance applications programs
Various language versions for systems software and for applications
programs
Time and date incorporated

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The angle-measurement system is a modified version of the one used in


the TC500. This angle-scanning permits continuous measurement of
angles and requires no initialization when switching on. The Hz
orientation is retained after switching on or off.

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The tilt-measurement system is a modified version of the one used in the


TC500. This biaxial inclinometer is available as an independent module.
The tilt corrections are computed by software.

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A memory card of type PCMCIA 2.0 is used for storage. These memory
cards are exchangeable storage modules which can be installed in pen
pads and in palmtops. Their capacity and technology are constantly being
improved.

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The electronics of the DI1600 or TCWII are used.



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Section

page

TPS 1000 electronics


1
Block diagram .................................................................................................................. 1
Battery connection ........................................................................................................... 1
Switching logic / self-sustenace ....................................................................................... 1
Supply voltage.................................................................................................................. 2
Powering and maintenance of memory............................................................................ 2
Multiplexer/analog-digital converter ............................................................................... 2
Real-time clock ................................................................................................................ 3
GSI/RS232 ....................................................................................................................... 3
Microprocessor (CPU) ..................................................................................................... 4
Memory ............................................................................................................................ 4
Non-volatile memory ....................................................................................................... 4
Gatearray .......................................................................................................................... 4
Angle sensors ................................................................................................................... 5
CCD multiplexer and amplifier........................................................................................ 5
Keyboard / display interface ............................................................................................ 6
EDM interface.................................................................................................................. 6
Memory card- / motor PCB interface............................................................................... 6
Other interfaces ................................................................................................................ 6

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The electronic components of the T(C)(M) family consist essentially of


the main PCB, the memory card PCB and the motor PCB. The main PCB
is the core of the system and ensures angle measurement, motorized
functioning, and input and output.

Mainboard

Memorycard

Memory
1MByte RAM
3MByte FLASH

Ueberwachung

Realtime
Clock

Data-Bus
Addressbus

MC68332

Ctrl-Bus

Memorycardboard

Portbus
QSM-Bus
TPU-Bus

Gatearray

GSI/RS232

EDMInterface

Power
MMISupport

MUX
und
A/D-Converter

GSI/RS232

Anschluss
Interner Akku
Externer Akku

Motorboard

KBD/Displaymodul

Anschluss
TCW/TCW2
oder
TC500

Anschluss
4 Winkelsensoren
1 Neigungssensor
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The internal battery is connected through P1. The main PCB is powered
from the external battery through P7 (RS232/ext. battery). A transzorb
protects the main PCB against excessive voltage.

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The switching logic enables the instrument to be switched on from the


keyboard or from the serial interface. A LOW signal from the keyboard
to one of the two ~ON_KEY signals starts a monoflop. This in turn
supplies power to the power switch for about one second. Similarly a
second monoflop, together with a positive input flank of the interface
signal (RXDTH), activates the power switch for the same period. The
processor and its outlet port PE7 then inspect the battery voltage and take
over control of the power supply. Without software, or if the battery is
low, the instrument can be switched on only for short periods, if at all.



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A stabilized 5V input (+5V DC) is produced using the PWM (pulsewidth modulator) switch and the rectified transformer voltage (tap 8).
The second tap of the transformer (tap 2) is smoothed and is used to
produce both the +12V and the -15V voltages. The supply from this tap
is not rectified and so these voltages are influenced by direct loading,
including the 5V loading. A voltage regulator is used to produce +12V.
The -15V input required for the interface and for the LCD is generated
by a voltage inverter. The other transformer taps (6 and 7) serve for the
EDM interface to the TC500 telescope (+5.5V AC and -5V AC). The
stabilized and switchable -5V supply is obtained from a separate
transformer tap (tap 7) by means of the horizontal control.
Characteristic values for supply unit :
Minimum switching threshold VBatMin:

9.0

Maximum current consumption for the specific voltages:


+5V DC
+12V DC
-15V DC
+12V ON (supply to EDM and motor)
-5V LASER
+5V MEM (see powering of memory)

700
500
40
1
140
200

mA
mA
mA
A
mA
mA

3RZHULQJDQGPDLQWHQDQFH The switching of the supply voltage between +5VDI and lithium backup
battery (1.5Ah) occurs at the reset threshold of 4.65V. Also, the CS
RIPHPRU\
(chip-select) logic is only activated at this threshold, and the 12V supply
is inspected by the power-fail comparator at 9.0V, corresponding to
about 9.5V at the battery.

0XOWLSOH[HUDQDORJGLJLWDO All voltages important for correct functioning of the instrument are
inspected and corrected internally along with its temperature.
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Voltage measurement
At the input to the multiplexer/analog-digital converter, all voltages
are adjusted through a potentiometer and a filter capacitor. In
addition, a FET (field-effect transistor) switch ensures that the
internal battery is disconnected when the instrument is switched off
and that it is realistically loaded when in use.
Temperature measurement
Circuitry from the TC500 was adopted in order to measure the
temperature within the instrument. This circuitry consists of an
LM35DM temperature sensor and a diode connected in series as
offset for the measurement of negative temperatures. The voltage
difference is a direct measure of the temperature, 10mV
corresponding to one degree Celsius. In addition, a sensor is used to
determine the temperature at the inclinometer.
Current consumption of motor
The voltage measured is proportional to the motor current.

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Analog-digital converter
The analog-digital converter consists of an integrated 8-channel
multiplexer and an 8-bit analog-digital converter with 2.5V
reference. The deviation from linearity, and the error of the analogdigital converter over the temperature range, amount to a maximum
of 1 LSB (least significant bit). The analog-digital converter is
controlled across the serial bus interface of the microprocessor.

The following signals are measured :


Signal:
Channel
+12V ON
1
+12V DC
2
+VBAT
3
Motor current1 0
4
Motor current1 1
5
int. temp. (differential voltage)
6.8
ext. temp. (differential voltage)
7.8

Full scale

Resolution

15V
60mV
5V
1.25V
1.25V
-40..70oC
-40..70oC

60mV
60mV
20mV
5mV
5mV
1oC
1oC

5HDOWLPHFORFN

A clock/calendar chip establishes the absolute time and date. The


calendar chip has an incorporated quartz crystal and is also controlled
across the serial bus interface (QSPI) of the microprocessor. The power
is obtained from the supply to the (non-volatile) memory. The time is
displayed with a least count of one second; the system keeps time with an
accuracy of 510ppm (about one second per day).

*6,56

The serial interface used in this family of instruments accepts older


instruments with GSI voltage level and standard instruments with RS232
voltage level. This was made possible by using the circuitries of the
TC1600 and TC500 respectively.
Voltage-level detection
The voltage-level detection system consists of an operation amplifier
and its circuitry. The input signal (REC_TH) is integrated by the RC
network and is compared with a negative voltage by means of the
operation amplifier.
Transmitter
Via FETs, the output of the voltage-level detection system governs
the voltage level of the output drivers, which are constructed as
simple amplifiers, in accordance with the input level (REC_TH). The
signal from the processor interface (TXD) is therefore automatically
matched to the input level. To suppress input impulses on the
transmitter line, the processor signal is locked by a NOR gate and the
inverted RESET signal. The output of the interface is proof against
short-circuiting.
Receiver
The input signal (REC_TH) of the interface is accessible to the serial
interface of the processor by means of a filter network and a Schmitt
trigger inverter.
CTS/RTS option
As for the standard interface, there exists the option of expanding the


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interface with two control lines (RTS/CTS). These are governed via
a port outlet (PE4) or a port inlet (PE3) of the processor. The
structure is identical with that of the standard interface.
Characteristic values for serial interface :
Voltage level: (low/high)
GSI
RS232
Maximum baud rate

0/+5 V
-5/+5 V
19200 BAUD

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The MC68332 microcontroller from Motorola is used as a


microprocessor. The clock frequency of 16MHz is generated by an
internal voltage-control oscillator and by an external 32kHz quartz
crystal.

0HPRU\

The memory is divided into four groups, each with a maximum size of
one megabyte, because these groups can still be directly accessed from
the microprocessor (chip-select logic restricted to one megabyte). A
group consists of two memory chips and can be equipped with either
SRAM or FLASH. The chips used are 128k x 8 or 512k x 8.

1RQYRODWLOHPHPRU\

To ensure data retention even when the instrument is switched off, the
SRAM are powered from the same source as the memory. When the
instrument is switched off, all chip-selects are disconnected by means of
the OR gate and their inputs are defined with the pull-down resistor in a
defined condition or with the RESET signal (active-low with instrument
switched off). These gates are also connected to the memory supply.

*DWHDUUD\



Microprocessor interface
The gate array is connected to the processor via the address- and data
bus. The gate array uses the bus synchronization which is supported
by the microcontroller, through the DSACK signal. In addition to the
CS (chip-select) signal for selecting the module (CS9), a second
chip-select (CS10) is required to confirm interruption (IACK). The
interruption itself is activated through the port input PF4 of the
microcontroller.
Angle measurement
The angle-measuring submodule (ANGLE) is responsible for
controlling up to five CCDs and for their exposure for angle
measurement. It controls the analog-digital conversion of the CCD
signals and their acceptance by the processor. The CCD signals can
therefore be transmitted to the processor, pixel by pixel.
Alternatively, the signals can be processed on-line by an integrated
calculator and made available to the processor in pre-processed form
with a resultant saving in time.
PWM (pulse-width modulator)
Pulse-width-modulated controllable variables are used for governing
the two spindle drives. For this purpose the gate array generates two
PWM signal outputs with flexible periods and with duty cycles. The

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controllable variable for the motor carries a prefix, and so each


PWM channel has available an outlet for selecting the direction of
the motor current.
Encoder
The encoder module processes the phase signals from five optoelectronic incremental encoders. The module has a current-saver.
Keyboard/display interface
From the control lines, address bus and data bus of the uP, the
keyboard/display module creates the control lines, address bus and
data bus of the keyboard display module (matching of timing).
8-bit port
A free 8-bit register serves as exit port.

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Five ZIF plugs (J9 to J13) are used for connecting the angle sensors
(CCD line array and LED for illumination). Each of these connectors has
its own drive step for the illumination LED. In addition, each supply is
blocked separately. The connection for the inclinometer (J9) has been
expanded for connecting an external temperature sensor.

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The signals from the CCDs (HZ1, Hz2, V1, V2, NM) are passed through
the multiplexer to a high-speed operation amplifier which makes them
available to the analog-digital converter.The gate array governs the
digitizing and further processing of these signals. The entire circuitry and
the CCD sensors are supplied from two FETs which serve as switches.
The input is prepared and smoothed with condensers and inductances.
The gate array also controls the switching on and off of the power.
Example of an Hz1 CCD signal :

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The keyboard/display interface enables two keyboard/display modules to


be attached to the main PCB (J2, J5, J23, J24), and provides the voltages
required for setting the contrast of the displays and the back-lighting.
Setting the contrast
The contrast is set by integrating and inverting the PWM signals
(TP6) from the microprocessor. The integration circuit from the
keyboard of the TC1600 is used for this purpose. The bias voltage is
adjustable within the range from -15V to -9V. The contrast setting
operates directly on both displays.
Back-lighting
An LED array provides the back-lighting of the display, and so a
simple current regulator is used and is set to 100mA. The PWM
signal (TP5) can also be used to adjust the back-lighting. Here the
integration capability of the eye is utilized and the brightness is
adjusted with the pulse-width repetition rate. The back-lighting of a
second display (if attached) is governed indirectly, by means of the
current in the first display.
Signal-tone encoder
The signal-tone encoder is governed by the PWM and a driver.

('0LQWHUIDFH

These interfaces are all defined as serial interfaces (duplicated). These


two interfaces are realized by means of TPU and TPU-programming
(UART) of the CPU. The signals of the TPU (TP12, TP14) are inverted
by NOR gates and are accessed by the EDM through a filter network. To
avoid unwanted switching imposes, the signals are locked with
~ENTXD. The signals from the EDM are also prepared by using an input
filter and a Schmitt trigger inverter. In addition, the telescope
illumination can be varied using the PWM signal (TP11) along with the
drive which is used as an inverter.
The power for the EDM originates from the switchable battery voltage,
which is controlled by the processor by means of the signals TP7 and
TP10 and by means of the switching FETs.

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A 30-pin ZIF plug (J8) forms the connection to the memory-card PCB. It
makes available to the memory board the address bus and data bus, and
additional control signals.
The 30-pin socket strip forms the connection to the motor PCB (power
circuit and connection for step encoder and motors).

2WKHULQWHUIDFHV

For purposes of development and on-board programming of the FLASH,


a 10-pin strip (P4) is provided to connect the BGND debugging device
or the background programmer.



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Section

page

Board- and module replacement


1
Board replacement / Module replacement ....................................................................... 1
Main Board....................................................................................................................... 1
EDM Boards..................................................................................................................... 1
Keyboard .......................................................................................................................... 1
Motors .............................................................................................................................. 1
Tilt compensator .............................................................................................................. 2
Hz- or V- array ................................................................................................................. 2
Emitter diode.................................................................................................................... 2
Receiver diode.................................................................................................................. 2
Loading instrument- and application software using the serial interface
3
Loading over the COM1 or COM2 serial port................................................................. 3
Load the SW on the PC.................................................................................................... 3
Loading the instrument software over the parallel port
3
Errors which can occur when loading over the serial port............................................... 3
Loading the software by using the parallel port............................................................... 3
Connect TPS1000 to PC................................................................................................... 3
Loading the SW on the PC............................................................................................... 4
Loading the SW over the parallel port LPT1 ................................................................... 4
Test points in motorized TPS1000
5
J4 pin layout ..................................................................................................................... 5
Oscillogram of manual encoder ....................................................................................... 6
Oscillogram of motor rotation.......................................................................................... 6
Oscillogram of motor encoder ......................................................................................... 7
Oscillogram of motor supply............................................................................................ 7
Fault-finding..................................................................................................................... 8
Test points of angle array
9
Pin layout of H1, V1, and tilt measurement..................................................................... 9
Oscillogram of CCD clock pulse ..................................................................................... 10
Oscillogram of pixel display ............................................................................................ 10

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The necessary adjustment and calibration must be performed after boards


or modules have been replaced.
The introduction to replacing boards and modules can be found in the
section Dismantling / Assembly.
A test report (according to the service manual and service program),
covering all parts installed in the TPS1000, must be completely filled in
after replacing a board or module.

0DLQ%RDUG

All adjustment and calibration data are lost when the main board is
replaced.
The following points from the TPS1000 service program menu must be
performed:
Cleanliness program
Checking the cleanliness of the encoded circles and determination of
the circle correction
Adjustment / Theodolite
All points from the menu
No error messages should appear when turning-on the TPS1000 after
performing all of the points in the Adjustment / Theodolite menu.

('0%RDUGV

All EDM parameters must be entered anew after replacing the EDM
board:
The following points from the TPS1000 service program menu must be
performed:
Adjustment / EDM
All points from the menu
No error messages should appear when measuring a distance using the
EDM after performing all of the points in the Adjustment / EDM menu.
Please refer to the service manual, section EDM Electronics

.H\ERDUG

No adjustment is needed following replacement of a keyboard.

0RWRUV

After replacing the motors, only the mechanical adjustment (as given in
the service manual) is required. Electrical adjustment is not required.



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After replacing the tilt compensator the following points from the
Adjustment / Theodolite- and Adjustment / L&T Tilt- menus must be
performed:
Adjustment / Theodolite
All points concerning the Longitudinal- and Transverse- Tilt
Adjustment / L&T Tilt
All points from the menu
Please refer to the chapter Dismantling / Assembly for other optical or
mechanical components.

+]RU9DUUD\

Once the Hz-array has been replaced the following points from the
Adjustment / Theodolite menu must be performed:
Adjustment / Theodolite
All points from the menu

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After replacing the emitter diode, the centring of the diode and the
calibration signal must be checked (see section EDM Electronics).

5HFHLYHUGLRGH

After the receiver diode has been replaced, the centring of the diode and
the calibration signal must be checked (see section EDM Electronics).
Furthermore, the EDM parameters must be entered anew:
The following points from the TPS1000 service program menu must be
performed:
Adjustment / EDM
All points from the menu
No error messages should appear when measuring a distance using the
EDM after performing all of the points in the Adjustment / EDM menu.
The additive constant (AddC) must be determined for the EDM after
replacing a board or module, or the emitter or receiver diodes.



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The system and application software can be loaded into the instrument by
using the Leica Workbench program "SOFTUPGB.EXE". This program
is not found on the TPS1000 service diskette.
The program comes with an on-line help file SOFTUPGB.HLP which
contains information on how the program operates.

/RDGWKH6:RQWKH3&

Because the original TPS1000 software is too large to fit onto the
diskette it has been compressed. Before loading the software you must
first decompress it. Proceed as follows:
Copy the software files from the diskette to any directory on your hard
disk.
Reconstitute the files using the command:
PKUNZIP Filename <ENTER>

CAUTION:

The instrument software format loaded using the serial port is not the
same as that used for loading over the parallel port. For each loading
method you must use the corresponding software format.

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It may occasionally happen that voltage fluctuations, power interruptions


or program errors prevent loading of the TPS1000 software with the
serial RS232 cable. If this happens just once, further attempts to load
with the RS232 cable will also be unsuccessful. This is because it is no
longer possible to restart the loader in the FlashProm.

/RDGLQJWKHVRIWZDUHE\
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If the above fault arises, the software can only be loaded by using the
parallel port (printer connection). Provided that the hardware is in order,
the software can always be loaded this way.
The following special tools are required :
Background plug
Art. no. 566 181
Adapter cable
Art. no. 500 696
Diskette with required software
The background plug is a standard tool for the TC500 and should already
be available in the service workshops.

&RQQHFW736WR3&

Connect the TPS1000 to the PC in the following manner :


Connect the background plug to printer port 1 on the PC (printer
connection LPT1).
Connect the adapter cable to the background plug.
Caution : Do not confuse pin 1.
Pin 1 on the background plug is designated by an arrow.
Pin 1 on the adapter cable is coded (connecting wire to pin is
missing).



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Connect the adapter cable to plug P6 on the main board of TPS1000.


Caution : Do not confuse pin 1.
Pin 1 on the TPS1000 main board is on plug P6 below and to the left.
This Pin 1 should be absent (coding). If this pin is still present, nip it
off.

/RDGLQJWKH6:RQWKH3&

Because the original TPS1000 software (Load or Reload) is too large to


fit onto the diskette it has been compressed. Before loading the software
you must first decompress it. Proceed as follows:
Copy the software files from the diskette to any directory on your hard
disk.
Reconstitute the files using the command:
PKUNZIP Filename <ENTER>

/RDGLQJWKH6:RYHUWKH
SDUDOOHOSRUW/37

Now the software can be loaded into the TPS1000.


Inspect the connections between PC and TPS1000 once again.
LSYS_N05 220 : Reload, V2.20, 0.5MB Board
LSYS_N20 220 : Reload, V2.20, 2MB Board
LSYS_C05 220 : Load, V2.20, 0.5MB Board, destoys caldata
LSYS_C20 220 : Load, V2.20, 2MB Board, destoys caldata
Caution : The TPS1000 now switches off, and must be switched on
again immediately by pressing the ON key several times until the
loading procedure has been triggered.
The loading procedure is indicated by the following display :
C:\TEMP>fprg /p1 /s0 /dbeta_xl.drv /fboot_xl.s19 /fsldr15.s19
/from101nc.s19
FPRG - On-Board Flash Programer V1.3 - (c) LEICA Heerbrugg AG,
1994
Initialise port 1 at speed 0...done.
Load driver [BETA_XL.DRV]...done.
Erase Flash...done.
Programming flash [BOOT_XL.S19]...done.
Programming flash [SLDR15.S19]...done.
Programming flash [ROM_220.S19]...|

The software should be loaded after about 5 minutes (this depends on the
type of PC).
If an error report appears, press the Reset key on the background plug
(black knob) and restart the loading procedure. The software should not
be loaded from WINDOWS.
Example of error report :
FPRG - On-Board Flash Programer V1.3 - (c) LEICA Heerbrugg AG,
1994
Initialise port 1 at speed 0...done.
Load driver [BETA_XL.DRV]...done.
Erase Flash...aborted.
>>> ERROR: BGND-Error. Check connections and power! Elapsed time
0s.

CAUTION:



The application software cannot be loaded over the background cable


using the parallel LPT1 port. Loading application software is only
possible by using the Leica Workbench software, LOADUPGB.

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These test points apply only to motorized TPS1000.


Viewed from outside, J4 is on the main board at bottom left.

30

29

J4 / P4

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

+5V DC supply
+5V DC supply
No test signal
Manual encoder V, channel A
Manual encoder V, channel B

MAINBOARD

Screw

(see CRO graph, manual encoder)


(see CRO graph, manual encoder)

Manual encoder Hz right, channel A (see CRO graph, manual encoder)


Manual encoder Hz right, channel B (see CRO graph, manual ncoder)
GND
Manual encoder Hz left, channel A
Manual encoder Hz left, channel A

(see CRO graph, manual encoder)


(see CRO graph, manual encoder)

Manual encoder V, channel A


Manual encoder V, channel B
GND

(see CRO graph, manual encoder)


(see CRO graph, manual encoder)

Manual encoder Hz, both channels A


Manual encoder Hz, both channels B
GND
Hz motor, sense of rotation
Hz motor, encoder signal
V motor, sense of rotation
V motor, encoder signal
GND
Supply to Hz motor
Supply to V motor
-12V DC supply
+12V DC supply
+12V DC supply

(see CRO graph, manual encoder)


(see CRO graph, manual encoder)
(see CRO graph, motor rotation)
(see CRO graph, motor encoder)
(see CRO graph, motor rotation)
(see CRO graph, motor encoder)
(see CRO graph, motor supply)
(see CRO graph, motor supply)



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To checke the CRO display, turn the manual encoder under test, i.e. Hz1,
Hz2, or V. The signal displayed depends on the speed of rotation.

}
If one of the signals Hz right, Hz left, or V is missing or the
manual encoder does not turn the motor:
1
2
3

2VFLOORJUDPRIPRWRU
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In the drive, replace the encoder responsible for the missing signal;
or
Check the motors;
or
Replace the main board.

The signal switches from 0 to +5V or from +5V to 0, depending on the


sense of rotation input on the manual encoder.

In case of malfunction, see: oscillogram of manual encoder.



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Check the signal from the motor encoder while the motor is running.
When the motor stops, the pulse width becomes progressively smaller.
When it settles at 0 after a few seconds, it shows that the motor has
stopped.

If one of these signals is missing or the motor runs on in one


direction when you turn the manual encoder slightly:
1
2
3

2VFLOORJUDPRIPRWRU
VXSSO\

Replace the motor and encoder;


or
Check the wiring;
or
Replace the main board.

The graph below shows the motor-supply signal. Note that the supply
voltage is extremely small.



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If one of these signals is missing or the motor does not turn:


}

1
2
3

)DXOWILQGLQJ

Replace the motor and encoder;


or
Check the wiring;
or
Replace the main board.

If the motor drive is faulty, proceed as follows:


Neither motor is
running.

Reload software with


LOAD.BAT or adjust as
described in point 1 of service
program.

OK

Replace main board.


Replace motor board.
Replace motors.

OK
}

Hz or V motor not
running.

Check encoder signal and


replace rotary encoder.

OK

Check and replace motors.

OK

Replace main board.


Replace motor board.

OK
}

Hz or V motor runs
on in one direction.

Check signal of motor


encoder; if necessary replace
motor.

OK

Replace main board.


Replace motor board.

OK
}

Motor runs unevenly,


jams, or makes
abnormal noises.

Adjust motor mechanically.


Replace motor, gear, or crown
gear.

OK
}



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3LQOD\RXWRI+9DQGWLOW The signals at connectors J9, J10, und J12 are identical. To check them,
remove the side panel. The Hz2 and V2 encoders are on the rear; access
PHDVXUHPHQW
to them is rather difficult.

The angle-array signals are not static, i.e. you can check the supply
voltage only during measurement. hence all signals pulsate, as does the
supply voltage.
To check the signals, run a continuous angle measurement on the
service program. The terminal displays the pixel image.
If one of the signals described below is missing or the voltage level
is significantly different:
1
2

Replace the faulty angle array;


or
Replace the main board.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

+5V static supply


GND
CCD clock pulse (see pulse oscillogram)
Pixel display
(see pixel oscillogram)
Analog GND
Analog GND
+12V pulsed supply
+5V pulsed supply
+12V pulsed supply
GND
GND

Flexible cable J9, J10, or J12

<<== Links Main Board


}



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If one of the signals shown above is missing or the voltage level is


significantly different:
1
2



Replace the faulty angle array;


or
Replace the main board.

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Section

page

Warnings and error messages


1
Error messages in the user manual................................................................................... 1
Error-message groups....................................................................................................... 1
Warning- and error-message displays.............................................................................. 2
Warnings .......................................................................................................................... 2
Error messages ................................................................................................................. 3
EDM Error messages ....................................................................................................... 6
EDM error messages - TPS1000...................................................................................... 8

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:DUQLQJVDQGHUURUPHVVDJHV
(UURUPHVVDJHVLQWKHXVHU The TPS1000 system error messages are described in the user manual
which accompanies this service manual.
PDQXDO

This chapter includes descriptions of error messages which are important


to servicing procedures. All other messages are described in detail in the
TPS1000 user manual or directly on the TPS1000 (error display).
The list of service errors has been extended using previous experience.

(UURUPHVVDJHJURXSV

The error messages are arranged in groups. The groups should be mainly
similar to the groups used in previous instruments. There is a clear
difference between errors and warnings: an error generates an alarm
beep; whereas other messages generate a single, normal beep.
Previous grouping, e.g. with the TC600, etc.
Previous GROUPS
General error
GSI transmission error
EDM transmission error
Device-specific error
Word-Index (WI) error
Registration error - RECModule
System error - Message

Previous numbers
01-19
20-29
30-39
40-59
60-69
70-79
90-99

New grouping:
New GROUPS
System error - Message
Various messages
EDM error
Measurement error
Program error
Calibration error
Loading error
Positioning error
Data-structure error
GeoDB Data bank error
Memory-card error
Memory error
GSI error
Unknown error

New numbers
0-59
100-156
200-293
300-353
400-452
551-557
600-656
700-753
800-874
1000
1100-1161
1200-1253
1300-1357
9999

Normally, the special message numbers start at x51 (e.g. 51-56 or 351353). The whole 100s numbers (e.g. 0 or 100 or 300, etc.) describe a
general error coming from the related message group.



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A warning- or an error-message is displayed on the TPS1000. This text is


usually self-explanatory.
Example of the warning message Battery nearly empty:
Specifications-Text

1234567890123456789012345678901
SYSTEM
14:04
WARNING: 53
Battery is almost empty !
Battery should be changed as
soon as possible...
OK

:DUQLQJV
Warning :

Cause :

Warning 53 :
Battery nearly flat

The battery is almost flat. The message Battery should be changed as


is first shown when the battery still has soon as possible.
between 2 and 5% of its capacity
remaining. After this message is shown
for the first time it is still possible to
make between 10 and 20 distance
measurements (depending on the
outside temperature and the age of the
battery).

This error message is displayed when


Warning 54 :
Theodolite back-up battery the back-up battery in the theodolite is
weak. If the battery gets too weak it is
is nearly flat
possible that data and parameter
settings could be lost.
Note 58 :
Remote Mode active



The theodolite is being controlled


externally using GeoCOM. If nothing is
written on the display from the remote
station, and if no functions have been
called, this message remains on the
display. Additionally, the on-line icon
is displayed.

Rectification :

Change the back-up battery.

This mode can only be quitted


by giving the GeoCOM localmode command over the
serial interface or by
switching off the instrument.

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Error message :

Cause :

Rectification :

Nothing intelligible is
shown on the display

System software is defective or has not


been loaded.

Load the system software


anew. See the section Board- /
Module replacement.

Error 0 :
Hardware error

An electronic or other piece of


hardware is probably defective.

Switch the instrument off, and


then on again. Try changing
the main board if this message
appears frequently. Perform
the adjustment and check
program according to the
service program.

Error 52 :
Battery flat

The battery is flat. The theodolite does


not have enough power to continue
working. If the internal battery is flat
the power is taken from the external
battery, and vice versa. This message
only appears when both the internal and
external batteries cannot supply enough
power (voltage) to the theodolite. This
message cannot be displayed when then
the power supply drops suddenly (e.g.
when taking out the battery).

After confirmation of the


message by pressing OK, or
after a maximum of 10
seconds, the theodolite will
automatically switch off.

Error 60 :
Initialization

The system has not been initialized or


has lost the system constants.

Perform the adjustment and


checking program according
to the service program.

Error 61 :
Calibration data

Perform the adjustment and


The system has not been calibrated.
checking program according
The individual instrument calibration
data have not been determined or have to the service program.
been overwritten or deleted, e.g. after a
system crash or after loading new
system software. The wrong calibration
data can lead to erroneous
measurements. Correct measurements
can no longer be guaranteed.

Error 100 :
General error

This message points to a software error. Load the system software


anew. See chapter Board- /
Module replacement.

Error 300 :
Angle measurement
system error

A measurement error has occurred in


the angle array, or the angle array is
defective.

Check the angle array.


Perform the adjustment and
checking program according
to the service program.



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Error 551 :
Measured V-Index >1g

See Adjustment : V, L, T
During determination of the V-index
coarse-index adjustment.
error I, it became apparent that this
value is greater than 1 gon. Either the
device is maladjusted and must be
checked-out at the service centre, or the
user has not measured carefully
enough, or the instrument was not
stable enough (e.g. standing on a
bridge, etc.).

Error 552 :
Measured Hz-collimation
> 1g

When determining the Hz-collimation See Adjustment : Adjusting


the Hz-collimation using the
error it became apparent that the
reticle.
collimation error is larger than 1 gon.
Either the device is maladjusted and
must be checked-out at the service
centre, or the user has not measured
carefully enough, or the instrument was
not stable enough (e.g. standing on a
bridge, etc.).

See Adjustment : Adjusting


When determining the V-collimation
Error 554 :
Measured V-collimation > error it became apparent that this value the V-collimation error
mechanically.
was larger than 0.1 gon. Either the
0.1g
device is maladjusted and must be
checked-out at the service centre, or the
user has not measured carefully
enough, or the instrument was not
stable enough (e.g. standing on a
bridge, etc.).
See Adjustment : V, L, T
When determining the compensator
Error 556 :
coarse-index adjustment.
Measured l/q index > 0.1g index in the longitudinal- and
transverse directions (l and t) it became
apparent that the longitudinal- and/or
transversal- tilt index was greater than
0.1 gon. Either the device is
maladjusted and must be checked-out at
the service centre, or the user has not
measured carefully enough, or the
instrument was not stable enough (e.g.
standing on a bridge, etc.).



Error 700 :
General positioning error

This error occurred when automatically


positioning using the motors. This
message is displayed when either a
software- or hardware error occurs.

Try to position the theodolite


again. If unsuccessful, check
the motor and gear
adjustments.

Error 753 :
Required position not
reached

Either the positioning system is


defective, the theodolite has been held
in position, or an attached EDM has
been used which makes it impossible
for the theodolite to position correctly
(e.g. it cannot rotate further due to the
EDM impinging on the alidade, etc.).

Try again, but if using an


attachable EDM check to see
if the correct EDM has been
chosen. If still unsuccessful,
check the adjustment of the
motors and gears.

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Error 900 :
Data in data pool is
incomplete

Attempting to access the internal data


pool generated a general error. This
message should not usually be seen on
the theodolites display.

Replace the main board if this


message is shown regularly.
Perform the adjustment and
checks according to the
service program.

Error 1000 :
General GeoDB error

The GeoDB structure or data access has


caused a general databank error. This
message is shown only when a
software- or hardware- error has
occurred.

Check the data in all of the


data banks (e.g. with DATAVIEW). Replace the main
board if this message is
shown frequently. Perform
the adjustment and checks
according to the service
program.



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Description

The detailed description of the EDM error messages can be found in the
related service manual.
The error messages which have been generated by the EDM are shown
on the TPS1000 as follows:
DI
5S

DI
DI
DI
DI
DI
DI
DIOR DI
DIOR
Shown on
3002
1000 1001 1600 2000 2002 3000
3000S 3002S Disto the TPS1000
display

Invalid entry
03
03
Wrong entry for station point or target point
height
Hs-Hr>Slope distance
Entry for the relative
humidity before air
pressure and temperature
Additional WI not
available
Undefined EDM error
Battery voltage
12
12
12
< 11.0 V
Parity error
21
21
21
Terminator (CR set but 23
CRLF sent)
Too many characters sent 24
to data stream (max. 20
characters including
CRLF are allowed)
Illegal GSI data format 25
Last command was
26
incomplete
System error
50-52 50-52 Internal temperature
more than 50C or temp.
when charging the
battery more than 40C
Internal temperature too 52,53
high or too low
Warning: temperature is only 5 above the
minimum temperature
Warning: temperature is only 5 below the
maximum temperature
System error
Disturbance during
55
55,56 55
distance measurement,
signal interrupted, or
strong heat haze, etc.


03
-

03
-

03
04

03
04

03
04

03
04

03
-

No message
No message

05

05

05

05

No message

06

06

06

06

No message

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

-12

B10
B12

21
23

21
-

21
23

21
-

21
-

21
-

21
-

21
-

B21
B21

24

24

24

24

24

24

24

B21

25
26

25
26

B21
B21

50-52 50-52 50-52 50-52


52

B50
B53

52,53 53

52,53 53

53

53

53

B53

54

54

54

54

B54

55

55

55

55

B54

55

55

55

54
-

B99
B55
B56-2000

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Signal returned too weak 56


or no signal returned

55,56 55

55

56

55

55
B55
mess B56-2000
>10s
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
B56
>9.9 >9.9 >9.9 >9.9 >9.5 >9.5 >9.5 >9.5
B56-2000
mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

DIL-Measurement
program: difference to
last measurement too
large
Fell short of ambiguity
range
Erroneous measurement
Invalid WI
Battery temperature
sensor defective
System error

57

57

57

B57

62
-

62
-

62
-

57
62
76

B57-DISTO
No message
No message

89

89

70-99 70-99 90

Measurement signal too strong


Hardware error
91-9F 91-9F Object too bright
-

70-99 89-99 89-99 88-99 88-99 63-74 B99


79,
82
B82

93

83-99 B99
56
B93

Interpretation of the EDM error number according to the EDM


type:
Number
B10
B12

Message text
Unknown EDM message
Battery voltage too low
Important: (If this message is displayed, the battery symbol on the theodolite must
also show empty, i.e. the EDM may not generate this message, rather the theodolite
(theodolite battery) must do so itself, especially when TC versions are used!)

B21

Parity- or other EDM-interface error


(with corresponding number)

B50
B53
B54
B55
B56
B56-2000

B57

System error (error caused by built-in filter in the signal attenuation)


Internal temperature too high or too low
Warning: temperature only 5C over the minimum, or 5 under the maximum
Disturbance during distance measurement, signal interrupted, strong heat
haze, signal too weak, no signal.
Difference to last measurement too great (>9.5mm)
If a DI2000 has been chosen, the message must read as follows

Disturbance during distance measurement, signal interrupted, strong heat


haze, signal too weak, no signal, or with the DIL-Measurement program the
difference to the last measurement is too great.
Fell short of ambiguity range (cannot be caused in the TPS-1000 system!!, see
also the description for this message, below)

B57-DISTO

If a DISTO has been chosen, the message must read as follows:

B82
B99
B93

Erroneous measurement: use the target plate.


Measurement signal too strong
System- or hardware error. Contact service (using corresponding number)
Object is too bright. e.g. use the target plate


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The following error messages point to a communication problem


between the EDM and the TPS1000. The EDM error messages cannot be
sent to the display on the TPS1000.

Error message :

Cause :

Rectification :

Error 200 :
General EDM error

The (removable) EDM is defective or


has sent a message which has not been
defined in the system.

EDM probably defective.


Check or adjust the EDM
according to the EDM
electronics section in this
manual.

Error 200 :
EDM system error

The (removable) EDM is defective or


has sent a message which has not been
defined in the system.

EDM probably defective.


Check or adjust the EDM
according to the EDM
electronics chapter found in
this manual.

Error 210 :
No reaction from the
EDM interface

The system has not received any


reaction from the EDM over the
interface.

Check the EDM contacts,


remove the black cap from the
theodolite, check the EDM
functionality.

Error 212 :
Not enough power for
EDM

The EDM needs more power than the


theodolite in normal theodolite mode,
so it can happen that the EDM cannot
work properly even though the
theodolite works perfectly.

Replace the battery with a


freshly-recharged one so that
further distances can be
measured.

Error 220 :
EDM interface error

The removable EDM has an


incompatible interface parameter
setting and cannot therefore
communicate with the theodolite, or the
EDM interface is not working properly.
This message can only be shown on
T(M)-versions.

Check the parity and other


interface parameter settings
on the EDM, and check the
EDM contacts.

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Section

page

Service Codes
1
Service Codes................................................................................................................... 1
Minimum requirements for the PC .................................................................................. 1
Interfaces
1
Interfaces .......................................................................................................................... 1
Connecting the TPS1000 to a PC..................................................................................... 2
Features of the GEOCOM interface................................................................................. 2
GEOCOM commands ...................................................................................................... 3

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CAUTION:

The adjustment and checks for the WILD T(C)(M) 1100 / 1700 / 1800
theodolites can only be made using software over the serial interface. No
service commands can be called-up using the keyboard!
Therefore, each service centre must be equipped with a PC.
A diskette having the necessary software is enclosed with this service
manual.
For further information see the section Service Software.

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IBM compatible
MS DOS 3.3 or higher
16Mbyte RAM
80Mb hard disk
Monitor : VGA
A parallel interface
Two serial interface
RS232 interface cable
Windows 3.1 installed

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,QWHUIDFHV

The old GSI format has been replaced by GeoCOM on the new
TPS1000 theodolites.
GSI
Geo. Serial Interface
GeoCOM
GEO Communication Interface
CAUTION:

GEOCOM is not upwards-compatible with GSI.


Therefore, only GEOCOM programs can be used with the TPS1000
theodolites. GSI programs no longer work.
The TPS1000 has an RS232 interface using the voltages:
+12V / -12V
The standard interface parameters are :
9600 Baud
No Parity
8 Data Bits
1 Stop Bit

The service programs allow interface speeds of up to 19200 baud using


the standard RS232 Y-cable.



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The theodolite should be connected to the PC as follows:


12V Powersupply

IBM
compatible
Personal
Computer
TC(M)1100
TC(M)1700
TC(M)1800

5
6FDEOH $UWLFOH1R

CAUTION:

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Always connect the instrument using just the RS232 cable (article no.
565 855). The service GIF may not be used.

The operation of the TPS1000 over the GEOCOM interface and from the
keyboard are totally separate and can therefore not be used together. This
means :
If the TPS1000 is operated from the keyboard, GEOCOM cannot be
used. In order to use GEOCOM it must be started from the TPS1000
main menu Extra / On line mode (GEOCOM)".
If the TPS1000 is being remotely controlled over the GEOCOM
interface, the TPS1000 keyboard is no longer active. This display
shows "On line mode (GEOCOM)". The only keyboard command
accepted is the instrument "OFF" command.
Creating the PC-TPS1000 on-line connection:
Using the TPS1000 keyboard, call the main menu function "Extra /
On line mode (GEOCOM)"
The TPS1000 is switched-off when the service program is started.

To avoid problems do not abort an ERO with <OK> when the following
message is displayed:
An ERO transaction is in progress
Click OK if you wish to ABORT the ERO

These "ERO transaction" are e.g. pixel, array correction, or circle


correction data. They communicate large amounts of data (larger than
1kByte) and the communication can last up to a minute (at 9600 baud).



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If, during communication, an error occurs which cannot be dealt with any
other way (the error message Abort / Retry / Ignore is repeatedly
shown), perform the following actions:
Switch off the instrument using the keyboard
Start the instrument again by using the Terminal/On menu point in
the service program.

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The service programs use the Windows GEOCOM communications


module GEOCOM.DLL.
This means that all commands and data received are coded and decoded
in this module.
Example of a GEOCOM command :
SE Programm

TMC_GetAngle1

GEOCOM.DLL

"Coding"

RS232 interface

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Example of the corresponding GEOCOM reply:


RS232 interface

%R1P,0,0:0,4.175
444494264480e+
00,1.6368145564
98121e+00,4.712
388999905670e-0
6,1024032,-2.3403
81766207036e-02,
-3.5583659532206
48e-02,4.71238899
9905670e-06,1024
032,0

GEOCOM.DLL

"Decoding"

SE Programm

265.8171 / 104.2029

The format or coding of the RS232 data can change at any time during
further development of the instrument. This is taken care of by always
using the latest GEOCOM.DLL module.
CAUTION:

For the service program, this means:


The usable commands are those in the service program.
No commands can be sent manually using the terminal window.
The service program terminal window serves as information regarding
the GEOCOM commands and replies sent and received on the interface.
This data is not identical with the data passing over the RS232 interface.



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Example of the service program terminal :

TMC_GetAngle1 :
Get the Hz and V angle
ANG_Meas <H1_Sens> :
Get the raw angle from the Hz1
sensor

A similar communication from the RS232 interface is shown with the


TPSTerm program as follows:

Using the TPSTerm program, all RS232 data can be displayed and a few
commands from the menu can be started.
This program only shows the communication over the RS232 interface
between the PC and the TPS1000 and is otherwise not very useful.



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Section

page

Introduction
1
EDMs............................................................................................................................... 1
Boards .............................................................................................................................. 1
Cross reference chart TCs............................................................................................... 1
Fibre optics installed in WILD Distance modules ........................................................... 2
Fibre Guide: ..................................................................................................................... 2
Error reports
3
TC error reports................................................................................................................ 3
EDM error reports ............................................................................................................ 3
Service codes
6
Service Codes................................................................................................................... 6
Access .............................................................................................................................. 6
Liste der Service Codes.................................................................................................... 6
Board replacement
8
Removal of board............................................................................................................. 8
Boards .............................................................................................................................. 8
Adjustments after board replacement .............................................................................. 8
CPU board........................................................................................................................ 9
AD power board............................................................................................................... 9
Synthesizer-receiver module............................................................................................ 9
Light barriers and filter motor.......................................................................................... 10
R1 on CPU board ............................................................................................................. 10
Optical components.......................................................................................................... 10
Expansion boards
11
Assembly.......................................................................................................................... 11
Optical components.......................................................................................................... 13
Test points ........................................................................................................................ 13

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DI1600 EDM modules are used in the following TPS System 1000 total
stations :
TC(M)1100 / TC(M)1700 / TC(M)1800
The detailed description can be found in the DI1600 service manual.

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The boards differ from one another, as follows:


AD power board
No difference, identical for all instruments.
CPU board
Varies according to software version; see sticker on board.
Synthesizer board
Later boards from about 1991 have a seven-digit serial number. The
first two digits identify the instrument model:
30: TPS System 1000

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TC(M)1100

TC(M)1700

TC(M)1800

Ident Type

30

30

30

Ident Code

Act. Software

1.32

1.32

1.32

AD Power
Board

407 209

407 209

407 209

CPU
Board

407 208

407 208

407 208

Synthesizer
Board

635 974

635 9747

635 974

Filter Motor

560 586

560 586

560 586



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TC(M)1100

TC(M)1700

TC(M)1800

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Transmitter

200m

452 855

Receiver

200m

452 855

Transmitter

200m

452 855

Receiver

200m

452 855

Transmitter

200m

452 855

Receiver

200m

452 855

The enclosed fibre guide improves the accuracy of the instrument and is
to be attached to the fibro optics, if specified in the table.

L = 28mm ==> 556 173


L = 20mm ==> 556 174



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The TC error reports are described in the chapter error messages.

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GSI format : @E 2xx


2 = EDM error
xx = number of error report
Cancel all error reports by CE on the keyboard or by c at the interface.
No further input is possible until you have cancelled the error report.

Cause

Remedy

03

There is no RUN code as input, or the code is


accessible only in service mode.

Use correct RUN code.

12

Battery voltage less than 10.5V, or voltage


limiter set too low.

Check battery voltage; if necessary


replace AD power and/or CPU
board(s).

21

Data-transmission error, wrong baud rate, or


wrong parity.

Check baud rate and parity; EDM code


70, 71.

23

CR/LF received partially only, or only LF sent.

Check CR/LF; EDM code 73.

24

More than 20 characters transmitted, excluding


CR/LF.

Check PC program and try again.

25

Stop bit not recognized.

Check baud rate; EDM code 70.

26

Some characters not yet processed.

Check PC program and try again.

52

APD or oscillator temperature >75C.

Check temperature; if necessary replace


synthesizer board.

53

APD or oscillator temperature <28C.

Check temperature; if necessary replace


synthesizer board.

55

Return signal too weak; time-out after about 30s


or boomerang.

Check pointing to reflector and returnsignal strength; if necessary replace


synthesizer board.

55

Excessive background radiatiation. Error occurs


shortly after you start distance measurement.

Reduce background radiation, check


high voltage; if necessary replace
synthesizer board.

56

dist between measurements >99.9mm.

Check measuring signal.

57

Filter position <200A DC or return signal >150A Use LDIL only for distances >4700m.
DC; distance assumed <4700m.

62

WI number invalid or accessible only in service


mode.

Use correct WI number.

70

First break voltage minus second break voltage


>12V.

Initialize instrument again, check


receiver diode; if necessary, replace
AD power and/or synthesizer board(s).


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70

At initialization, temperature <12C or >35C; or Check temperature and receiver diode;


if necessary replace AD power and/or
break voltage <170V or >265V.
synthesizer board(s).

71

High-voltage rise <28V or >32V per 100pwm.

Replace AD power and/or synthesizer


board(s).

72

Control voltage of synthesizer <400A DC or


>3700A DC.

Replace synthesizer board.

73

Frequency error >2500Hz in relation to 50MHz.

Check EEPROM data.

75

Oscillator temperature >90C or <-35C.

Replace AD power and/or synthesizer


board(s).

76

APD temperature >90C or <-35C.

Replace synthesizer board.

77

Offset of BF signal <1950A DC or >2150A DC,


or settling period too long.

Replace AD power board.

80

Timer 0 or timer 2 overflow.

Program error; check EEPROM data.

81

Program error in key analyzer or display output.

Program error; check EEPROM data.

82

Measuring signal >4000A DC.

Filter motor blocked or faulty; replace


CPU board.

83

Calibration signal >3500A DC, or APD voltage


has had to be reduced by more than 20V.

Check calibration signal.

84

Calibration signal <300A DC.

Check calibration motor and calibration


signal. Replace fibre-optics light guides
and AD power and/or synthesizer
board(s).

86

Filter motor checked after power ON.

Replace AD power board.


For details of filter motor, see Service
News 91-21.

87

Position detector faulty; difference between light Check light barrier; R1 on CPU board
and dark voltage <80A DC, regardless of filter
is missing; if necessary replace AD
position.
power and/or CPU board(s).

88

Filter motor wrongly calibrated; filter minimum Recalibrate filter motor; if necessary
>400A or maximum <1800A DC; or temperature replace AD power board and/or CPU
board.
<12C or >35C.
For details of filter motor, see Service
News 91-21.

89

Unable to read one or more constants in


EEPROM; default values being loaded in
EEPROM.

Initialize instrument again, load


EEPROM data.

89

New EEPROM, new software version, or


initialization error after power ON.

Initialize instrument again, load


EEPROM data.

90

Default constants set.

Load EEPROM data.

91

Division by 0.

Program error; check EEPROM data.

92

Floating format.

Program error; check EEPROM data.

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93

Exponent underflow.

Program error; check EEPROM data.

94

Exponent overflow.

Program error; check EEPROM data.

95

Conversion

Program error; check EEPROM data.

96

RAM error.

Replace CPU board.

97

EPROM error.

Replace CPU board.

98

EEPROM error.

Replace CPU board.

99

Wrong identification.

Boards wrongly connected; if necessary


replace AD power board, CPU, and/or
synthesizer board(s).



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CAUTION:

You can now call up all service codes for adjustments and tests on the
TPS1000 service programs.
It is no longer possible to input these manually by means of the GTS5
or keyboard !!!
Use the TPS1000 service program.
Use the GTS5 only if the EDM is direct connected (see expansion
boards).
If necessary refer to the DI1600 service manual for a detailed description
of all user codes, service codes, and WIs.

$FFHVV

Instrument model

Access to service Code

End service Code

T(C)(M)1100
T(C)(M)1700
T(C)(M)1800

RUN STOP 998 RUN

RUN . RUN oder OFF

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Manual access to service codes is only possible via the service program
TPS1000 menu point GTS5. Access service codes as follows :

If necessary refer to the DI1600 service manual for a detailed description


of all user codes, service codes, and WIs.
Always use the menu point GTS5 (via service program TPS1000) for
manual input of a user or service code.
Use the GTS5 only if the EDM is direct connected (see expansion
boards).
The table below gives a brief list of the main service codes and the
output WI numbers :

Service code

Description

Parameter (x)

WI n

RUN 801 RUN x RUN

Input/output of F0

Quartz constant F0

WI 901

RUN 802 RUN x RUN

Input/output of K1

Quartz constant K1

WI 902

RUN 803 RUN x RUN

Input/output of K2

Quartz constant K2

WI 903

RUN 804 RUN x RUN

Input/output of K3

Quartz constant K3

WI 904

RUN 806 RUN x RUN

Input/output of Add C

Additive constant

WI 906

RUN 808 RUN x RUN

Input/output of serial number

Board number

WI 12

RUN 809 RUN x RUN

Input of instrument type and


temperature monitor

0 = All DIs (default)


1 = All TCs
2 = DI temperature off

WI 12

RUN 810 RUN x RUN

Switches filter motor on/off

0 = Motor off
1 = Motor on

WI 933

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RUN 811 RUN x RUN

Calibration-motor control
during distance measurement

0 = Normal (default)
1 = External
2 = Calibration

WI 934

RUN 812 RUN 1 RUN

Initializes light barrier to


filter motor

RUN 860 RUN x RUN

Input/output of boomerang
value

RUN 861 RUN 991 RUN

Output of calibration signal

WI 991

RUN 861 RUN 992 RUN

Output of external signal

WI 991

RUN 870 RUN 870 RUN

Initializes EDM

WI 931
WI 932
WI 940
0 = boomerang off
6 = default
9 = max. boomerang

WI 934



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Take care when you remove a board. To avoid damage to contacts, make
certain that you lift off the board parallel to its base.

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The EDM has three boards:


CPU board
AD power board
Synthesizer-receiver module with transmitter and receiver diodes

CAUTION:

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Do not turn or kink the fibre-optics light guides.

A PC is essential equipment in every service workshop.


Adjustments to and tests of Wild DIs and TCs are possible only via the
serial interface and require appropriate software. A diskette with the
requisite software is supplied with this service manual.
Make the following adjustments whenever you replace a circuit board, or
any mechanical or electrical components.



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Run EDM program points Adjust 1 to 5


Fit R1 for the filter motors light barrier.

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If you are reusing the old light barrier, you can also reuse R1 from the
old CPU board.
Initialize EDM.
Input EEPROM values or load from file:
Instrument serial number
Quartz constants F0, K1, K2, K3
Additive constant Add C
Boomerang constant Boomerang
Transfer EEPROM values to EEPROM.
Focus and centre transmitter and receiver diodes; see Mechanical
system of TC.
Adjust calibration signal; see Mechanical system of TC.
Run final tests listed in EDM and theodolite test logs.

Run EDM program points Adjust 1 to 5


Initialize EDM.
Input EEPROM values or load from file:

6\QWKHVL]HUUHFHLYHU
PRGXOH

Run EDM program points Adjust 1 to 5


Initialize EDM.
Input EEPROM values or load from file:

CAUTION:

Instrument serial number


Quartz constants F0, K1, K2, K3
Additive constant Add C
Boomerang constant Boomerang
Transfer EEPROM values to EEPROM.
Focus and centre transmitter and receiver diodes; see Mechanical
system of TC.
Adjust calibration signal; see Mechanical system of TC.
Run final tests listed in EDM and theodolite test logs.

Instrument serial number


Quartz constants K1, K2, K3
Additive constant Add C
Boomerang constant Boomerang
Transfer EEPROM values to EEPROM.
Focus and centre transmitter and receiver diodes; see Mechanical
system of TC.
Adjust calibration signal; see Mechanical system of TC.
Run final tests listed in EDM and theodolite test logs.

Check additive constant of EDM; if necessary, determine new constant.



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Load Options/Terminal/Adj Mot in EDM program. Always

initialize the light barriers again if you have replaced, removed,


dismantled, or fitted the motor or a light barrier.
Adjust these by resistance R1 on the CPU board.
Stock number

R1 on CPU board

425 857

262

425 859

383

425 860

464

425 861

562

Adjustment of the light barrier becomes necessary if error 88 displays, if


the minimum light-barrier value is >400A DC, or if the maximum lightbarrier value is <1200 ADC or >3000 ADC; see also Checks: 12 Light
barrier in EDM program.

5RQ&38ERDUG

Location of R1 on CPU board:

2SWLFDOFRPSRQHQWV

Run EDM program points Adjust 2 to 5


Input EEPROM values or load from file:

Additive constant Add C


Transfer EEPROM values to EEPROM
Focus and centre transmitter and receiver diodes; see Mechanical

system of TC.
Adjust calibration signal; see Mechanical system of TC.
Run final tests listed in EDM and theodolite test logs.

CAUTION:



Check additive constant of EDM; if necessary, determine new constant.

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For fault-finding or test measurements on the boards, fit the boards on


the board adapter and connect the extension cables.
If necessary, connect a DI1600 display to plug P8 on the CPU board.
You need the following special tools for this assembly:
Board adapter 520 267
Extension cables 520 240, 520 241, 520 242, 520 243, and 520 244
CAUTION:

The pictures / drawings of expansion boards and the optical /


mechanical diagrams are identical for all TCs (TC(M)1100,
TC(M)1700 and TC(M)1800)..
If necessary seperate the EDM from the theodolit for operate the EDM as
DI1600 with GTS5 :
Connect DI1600 display at P8 from the CPU board,
Connect lemo plug (Nr.: 533837) at P5 from the CPU board,
Power the EDM via the GTS5 and the lemo plug with 12V.



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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

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The test points make it possible to measure the following voltages and
signals. For a detailed description, refer to the DI1600 service manual.

Fibre-optics light guide to transmitter


Transmitter lens
Calibration-signal beamsplitter
Calibration motor and shutter
Filter disk
Filter motor
Light barrier
Infra-red lens
Infra-red beamsplitter
Telescope lens
Deflecting prism
Semi-transparent mirror
Receiver lens
Fibre-optics light guide to receiver
Calibration-signal mirrors and prisms
Calibration-signal attenuator

Signal

Board, test point

Description, purpose

12V batt

AD power P3.10

12V battery voltage

12V on

AD power P3.9

Backlight to display

+5V

AD power P3.1

Mikroprocessor, calibration motor

+5V sy

AD power J1.8

Synthesizer board, A/D converter

-15V

AD power J1.7

Synthesizer board, A/D converter

+9V

AD power J1.9

Synthesizer board, receiver module

+12V meas

AD power P3.5

Filter motor

UAPD

AD power J1.1

High tension for receiver diode

TEMP1

Synthesizer P1.4

Temporary receiver diode 10mV/K

TEMP2

Synthesizer P1.10

Temporary reference oscillator


10mV/K

UVCXO

Synthesizer P1.6

Control voltage 0.5V to 4.5V

191Hz

Synthesizer P1.12

Test-signal reference frequency

12.5MHz

Synthesizer P1.7

50MHz/4 reference frequency

HF MIX

Synthesizer X1

Mix frequency for receiver

LF SIG

Synthesizer X4

LF receiver signal, 6103.5Hz, 25mV to


5V peak to peak

GSI in

CPU P10/3 , P5/2

GSI: theodolite-EDM interface

GSI out

CPU P10/4 , P5/3

GSI: EDM-theodolite interface

GND

CPU P4/12

Ground



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Section

page

Communicating with the TCWII................................................................................................ 9-1


Communicating from the menu............................................................................................. 9-1
Communicating from the TCWII keyboard.......................................................................... 9-2
Direct communication with the TCWII ................................................................................ 9-2
Error reports ............................................................................................................................... 9-3
Service Codes............................................................................................................................. 9-5
List of WIs.................................................................................................................................. 9-7

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Communication with the TCWII can take place through the TPS1000
service program. The TCWII commands and replies correspond to the
GSI data format and their structure is similar to that in the DI 1600. The
TCWII commands can be sent to the TCWII in two ways:
Defined commands
To select these commands, use the menu Terminal/TCWII
Freely-selectable TCWII commands
To send these commands, use the TCWII keyboard

&RPPXQLFDWLQJ
IURP WKH PHQX

The commands and replies are displayed in the terminal window.

e.g. to read out the TCWII Cal signal:


1. Call the menu point TCWII/Signal/Cal
EDM_Send N861N991N Command to read Cal signal
2. Call the menu point TCWII/Get Data
EDM_Receive
991...+00000976
Cal signal is read out
The replies from the TCWII are not automatically transferred to the
interface. The data can be received and displayed by means of the menu
point TCWII/Get Data .



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All service commands required by the TCWII can be sent from the
TCWII keyboard.
Use the menu point TCWII/Keyboard TCWII to start the TCWII
keyboard.

e.g. to read out the TCWII Cal signal:


1. Press the commands on the TCWII keyboard
RUN 6 8 1 N 9 9 1 N Go
The reply EDM_Receive 991...+00001010 appears automatically in
the terminal window

'LUHFWFRPPXQLFDWLRQZLWK There are no plans for direct communication between the PC and TCWII
and no corresponding software program exists.
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Error
number

Meaning

Explanation
Correction

Error
@203

Command not valid

Parameters not within specified range, wrong syntax,


wrong WI number.
STOP / CE
Correct value / enter command

Error
@212

Battery too low

Supply voltage too low


Change battery

Error
@E221
@E224

RS232 interface error

Error in data transfer, or overflow in input buffer


Inspect connecting cable
Change EDM board

Error
@E251

Boomerang

Prism badly targeted


STOP / CE
Search for maximum signal

Error
@E252

Temperature too high

The operating temperature is above +65C


Keep within prescribed temperature range
Inspect temperature sensor

Error
@E253

Temperature too low

The operating temperature is below -25C


Keep within prescribed temperature range
Inspect temperature sensor

Error
@E254

Timeout

No valid distance measurement could be carried out within


30 seconds.
(measurement signal too weak, beam interrupted etc. ...)
STOP / CE
Restart measurement

Error
@255

Measurement signal too The mean amplitude of the aggregate measurement signal
weak
is
< 10 A DC
STOP / CE
Search for maximum signal

Error
@E256

DIL outside tolerance


limits

The DIL measurements diverge by more than 99.9mm


from the first measurement
STOP / CE
Search for maximum signal

Error
@E257

Coarse phase error

Defective EDM boards;


STOP / CE
Change EDM board

Error
@E258

Too much background

Signal-to-noise ratio too low


STOP / CE
Search for maximum signal

Error
@E259

Fluctuation

Strong fluctuation
STOP / CE
Search for maximum signal

Error
@E296

System error

System error
Change EDM board


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6HUYLFH0DQXDO:,/'7366\VWHP
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Error
@E272

Error in synthesizer

PLL voltage is outside required range.


Inspect the frequencies
Change EDM boards

Error
@E273

Measurement
frequency out of
tolerance

The deviation of the calculated measurement frequency


from the 50MHz reference frequency is >2500Hz.
Inspect quartz constants
Inspect temperature sensor
Change EDM boards

Error
@E274

Receiver noise too


great

The receiver noise is too great even after the high voltage
has been reduced by 10V
Inspect high-voltage constants
Change EDM boards

Error
@E281

Software error

EEPROM has transferred wrong parameters


Inspect quartz constants
Change EDM boards

Error
@E282

Measurement signal too Measurement signal is >3800 A DC


great

Error
@E283

CAL signal too great

The CAL amplitude is above 3800 A DC.


Inspect CAL value (filter strips)

Error
@E284

CAL Signal too small

The CAL amplitude is below 300 A DC.


Inspect CAL value (filter strips)

Error
@E286

Fault in filter motor

The CAL position was not found.


Filter motor defective
Filter carrier not properly positioned
Light barrier defective

Error
@E289

Missing constants

Quartz constants and/or additive constants were not


completely stored.
Inspect quartz constants

Error
@E291
@E298

System error

Error in software, in system or in EEPROM


STOP / CE
Change EDM boards

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6HUYLFH&RGHV
Name

Command

Parameter

Reply

Description

ON
OFF
CLEAR
EGL1

a
b
c
f

?
?
?
?

DIST

g, G

d or WI31 or binary

TRK
DIL

h, H
i

d or WI31 or binary
d,n,s or WI31, WI52

DI

j, J

d or WI31 or binary

TEST
GDIST

k, K
l, L

s or WI53 or binary
d or WI31 or binary

RTRK

m, M

d or WI31 or binary

EGL1

EGL1

Ident
EGL1

N00N
N30NxN

WI13
? / @E203

EDM ON
EDM OFF
Clear, error confirmation
EGL1 fast mode (rapid blink frequency)
(also during TEST, TRK, RTRK)
Distance measurement (standard
measurement)
Distance tracking
Repetitive distance measurement
(averaging)
Distance measurement (rapid distance
measurement)
Signal measurement
Distance measurement (precise
measurement)
Rapid tracking, approx. 8 measurements per
second
EGL1 reset timeout (also during TEST,
TRK, RTRK)
EGL1 slow mode (slow blink frequency)
(also during TEST, TRK, RTRK)
Identification / software version
Enables / disables target finder

WI70 / @E203

Sets intensity of EGL1

? / @E203

Set / change EGL1 blink frequency

? / @E203

EGL1 blink patterns, channels 1 and 2

WI71 / @E203

Default value: Number of measurements in


DIL program
Activates / deactives boomerang filter

DIL

Disable 0 .. EGL1
Enable 1 .. EGL1
N31NxN
0 .. low intensity
1 .. moderate intensity
2 .. high intensity
N32NxN
0 .. normal
1 .. fast
N33Nxxxxx [0..65535] Pattern 1
NyyyyyN
[0..65535] Pattern 2
N41NxxxN
[2 .. 100]

BOOM

N42NxN

TRK

N43NxxxN

Frequency

N49N

Format

N78NxN

Template

N83NxxN
...

User WI

EGL1

EGL1
EGL1

0 .. Boomerang inactive
1 .. Boomerang active
[32, 36, 40, .. 100]

WI72 / @E203
WI73 / @E203
f or WI57

0 .. new ASCII format


1 .. GSI format
Add xx .. WI
Delete -xx .. WI
Delete 00 .. all WIs
apart from WI (31)
99 .. all WIs

? / @E203

N87NxxN

xx .. WI - number

EEProm

N800NxN

0 .. Hexadecimal values
1 .. Values (clear text)

Quartz

N801Nxxxx
xxxxN

[49991500..49996500]

d,s,f,g,n or
WI xx / @203
EEP. Dump /
List (clear text) /
@E203
WI901 / @E203

? / @E203

Tracking interval [0.32sec to 1.00sec] in


steps of 0.04sec
"Frequency measurement". Measures quartz
temperature and uses quartz coefficient to
calculate measurement frequency

Standard recording mask (at present the


following user WIs are available):
Distance (WI31), signal (WI53), quality
(WI54), MWNr (WI55) and frequency
(WI57);
Maximum length of string: 22 characters
(including. CRLF)
Displays user-WI
Displays EEPROM values:

Enter reference frequency -> EEPROM



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Quartz

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EDM serial
number
Ident
EGL1 serial
no.
Cross-talk

N802Nxxx
xxN
N803Nxxx
xxN
N804Nxxx
xxN
N806Nxxx
xN
N807Nxxxx
N
N808Nxxxx
xxxxN
N809NxxN
N819Nxxxx
xxxxN
N822NxN

Temp.

N826N

WI981 ,
WI9000..WI9015 ,
WI971 / @E203
WI940

PLL

N829N

WI948

EGL1

N833N

Quartz
Quartz
Additive
constant
Serv.WI

Temperature N838NxN

APD

APD

N846Nxxxx
N
N847Nxxx
N
N848Nxxx
N
N849NxN

APD
UBATT
BOOM
Signal
Noise

N850N
N851N
N860NxN
N861Nxxx
N

Init
Service

N870Nxxx
N
N998NxxN

Help

N999N

APD
APD



[-32000 .. 32000]

WI902 / @E203

Enter quartz coefficient 0 -> EEPROM

[-32000 .. 32000]

WI903 / @E203

Enter quartz coefficient 1 -> EEPROM

[-32000 .. 32000]

WI904 / @E203

Enter quartz coefficient 2 -> EEPROM

[-9999..9999]

WI906 / @E203

Additive constant [1/10mm] -> EEPROM

[0..9999] (Wi-Nr)

WI xxxx

Read off WI value

[0..99999999]

WI12 / @E203

[0 .. 255]
[0..99999999]

WI13 / @E203
WI14 / @E203

Enter instrument serial number ->


EEPROM
Instrument identification (TCWII = 40)
Enter EGL1 serial number -> EEPROM

0 .. without phase
rotation
1 .. with phase rotation

Cross-talk measurement program

Measures PLL voltage (repetitive


measurement). Abort with Clear "c".
Activates EGL1 permanent light (light
output measurement). The intensity
required must be entered before this
function is called.
The function waits for the clear command
and then switches the EGL1 off again.
Configurates temperature monitoring

0 .. no monitoring
1 .. only upper limit
2 .. only lower limit
3 .. both limits
[550 .. 3000]

WI75 / @E203

[100 .. 400 ]

? / @E203 / @E298

[0 .. 100]

? / @E203 / @E298

0 .. 6

? / @E203 / @E298 /
@E289

? / @E203 / @E298

WI941 / WI944
WI949
[0 .. 9] Boomerang Stufe WI72 / @E203
WI990 / WI991 /
990 .. CAL1
WI992 / WI993 /
991 .. CAL2
WI994 / WI995 /
992 .. Mess-Signal
@E203
993 .. Noise
994 .. RMS-Noise
995 .. Mess-Signal
870
? / @E203
998 .. activate
-998 .. deactivate
999

Temperature measurement (oscillator- and


EDP temperatures)

Voltage value [ 1/10V ] for high-voltage


control -> EEPROM
Temperature value [1/10] for high-voltage
control -> EEPROM
Temperature coefficient [1/100V per 1] for
high-voltage control -> EEPROM
Determines the method by which the high
voltage is determined / controlled during
the distance measurement. Mode 2 (control)
is not possible until the appropriate
parameters have been entered
-> EEPROM
Measures APD voltage.
Measures battery voltage
Boomerang steps 0 to 9
Output of selected signals for measurement,
calibration or noise

Initializes EEPROM

? / @E203

Activates / deactivates service mode

Menu (clear text)

Displays service commands

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/LVWRI:,V
WI
no.

Description

GSI
format

Meaning
Range / units
[ 0 .. 99999999 ]
xxxx ... Identification / yyy .. software version
[ 0 .. 99999999 ]
y..0 Distance in mm
y..6 Distance in 1/10 mm
n [ 2..100 ] / s [ 1/10mm ]

12
13
14
31

EDM serial number


Identification / software version
EGL1 serial number
Distance

12....+xxxxxxxx
13....+xxxx+yyy
14....+xxxxxxxx
31..0yxxxxxxxx

52

52....+xxxx+yyy

53
54
55
57
70

Number of measurements / Sigma


(single measurement)
Measurement signal (amplitude)
Quality / (signal to noise)
Measurement-value number
Measurement frequency (calculated)
EGL1 status

71
72

Number of DIL measurements


Boomerang

71....+00000xxx
72....+000x000y

73
74

Tracking interval
Distance units

73....+00000xxx
74....+0000000x

75

CRLF/phase rotation

75....+00000xyz

901
902
903
904
906
910

Reference frequency
Quartz coefficient 0
Quartz coefficient 1
Quartz coefficient 2
Additive constant
APD regulation / control

901...+xxxxxxxx
902...000xxxxx
903...000xxxxx
904...000xxxxx
906...0000xxxx
910...+0000000x

915
916
917

APD standard temperature


APD standard voltage
APD standard offset / temperature
coefficient
Position of filter motor
Status of light barrier
Adjustment amplitude
Number of phase measurements /
duration of measurement

915...+00000xxx
916...+0000xxxx
917...+xxxx+yyy

940

Temperature measurement values

940...xxxxyyy

941
942

Ad offset NF
APD voltage values

941...+0000xxxx
942...+xxxxyyyy

943

Noise

943...+xxxxxxxx

930
931
933
934

53....+0000xxxx
54....+xxxxxxxx
55....+xxxxxxxx
57....+xxxxxxxx
70....+00xyzzzz

930...+00000xxx
931...+0000000x
933...+0000xxxx
934...+abcdxxxx

[ 0.. 4096 ] in A DC-Inc


?
( for TRK, RTRK = 0 )
[ 0.. 999] ( for DI, DIST, GDIST, DIL = 0)
in Hz (emitter)
x .. EGL1 (0 .. inactive, 1 .. active)
y .. EGL1 control (0 .. internal, 1 .. external)
z .. EGL1 intensity [ 0 .. 2 ]
[ 2 .. 255 ]
x .. Boomerang filter (0 .. inactive, 1 .. active)
y .. Boomerang step 0..9
[ 32 .. 100] in steps of four 32 -> 0.32sec
0 .. Distance in 0.001m
6 .. Distance in 0.0001m
x .. (0..none, 1..upper, 2..lower, 3..both)
Temperature limit (s)
y .. (0.. GEOCOM, 1 .. terminal mode)
z .. (0 .. without, 1 .. with phase rotation)
in Hz (mixer)
[ -30000 .. +30000 ]
[ -30000 .. +30000 ]
[ -30000 .. +30000 ]
[ -9999 .. +9999 ] in 1/10 mm
0 .. noise-based adjustment
1 .. noise-based adjustment with CAL check
2 .. CAL-signal-based adjustment
3 .. CAL-signal-based adjustment, with noise
check
4 .. Control (temperature)
5 .. Control (temperature) with CAL check
6 .. noise-based adjustment (longer noise
measurement)
[ 100 .. 300 ] in 1/10C
[ 800 .. 2500 ] in 1/10V
xxxx APD voltage at 0C in 1/10V
yyy Temperature coefficient in 1/100V / C
[ 0 .. 200 ] in []
[0,1] -> 0 .. Filter in Ls position
[ 2.. 3500 ] in A DC-Inc (required value)
a .. [1..9] no. of external ph. meas. G912m
b .. [1..9] no. of external ph. meas. G840m
c .. [1..9] no. of external ph. meas. G48m
d .. [1..9] no. of external ph. meas. fine phase
xxxx Measurement time in 0.01 sec
xxxx .. APD temperature in 1/10 C
yyy .. OSZ temperature in 1/10 C
[0 .. 4096 ] in A DC-Inc -> corresponds to mV
xxxx Break voltage in 1/10V (required value)
yyyy APD working voltage in 1 /10V (required
value)
Noise



('0HOHFWURQLFV 7&:,,
0,.

6HUYLFH0DQXDO:,/'7366\VWHP
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944
945
946
948

APD voltage values


APD-Reg. (Startwert)
APD break offset
PLL voltage

944...+0000xxxx
945...+0000xxxx
946...+00000xxx
948...+0000xxxx

949
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
961
962
971

Battery voltage
CAL fine phase
Measurement fine phase
CAL coarse phase 48m
Measurement coarse phase 48m
CAL coarse phase 840m
Measurement coarse phase 840m
CAL coarse phase 912m
Measurement coarse phase 912m
10 km phase
CAL fine phase (shift 180)
Measurement fine phase (shift 180)
Fine amplitude

949...+0000xxxx
951...+00xxxxxx
952...+00xxxxxx
953...+00xxxxxx
954...+00xxxxxx
955...+00xxxxxx
956...+00xxxxxx
957...+00xxxxxx
958...+00xxxxxx
959...+00xxxxxx
961...+00xxxxxx
962...+00xxxxxx
971...+xxxxyyyy

972

Coarse amplitude 48m

972...+xxxxyyyy

973

Coarse amplitude 840m

973...+xxxxyyyy

974

Coarse amplitude 912m

974...+xxxxyyyy

975
976
977
978
981

Signal-to-noise, fine phase


Signal-to-noise, coarse 48m
Signal-to-noise, coarse 840m
Signal-to-noise, coarse 912m
Fine packages

975...+xxxxxxxx
976...+xxxxxxxx
977...+xxxxxxxx
978...+xxxxxxxx
981...+xxxxyyyy

982

Coarse packages 48m

982...+xxxxyyyy

983

Coarse packages 840m

983...+xxxxyyyy

984

Coarse packages 912m

984...+xxxxyyyy

990
991
992
993
994
995
9000

CAL signal (mean amplitude)


CAL signal (peak amplitude)
Measurement signal (peak amplitude)
Noise (peak noise)
Noise RMS
Measurement signal (mean amplitude)
Summation of array, fine phase

990...+0000xxxx
991...+0000xxxx
992...+0000xxxx
993...+0000xxxx
994...+0000xxxx
995...+0000xxxx
90xx..+yyyyyyyy

9100

Summation of array, coarse phase 48m

91xx..+yyyyyyyy

9200

Summation of array, coarse phase


840m
Summation of array, coarse phase
912m

92xx..+yyyyyyyy

9300

Error



Error report

93xx..+yyyyyyyy

@E2xx

APD voltage in 1/10 V (measurement value)


xxxx starting value in 1 /10 V
[ 0 .. 999 ] in 1/10 V
[ 0 .. 4096 ] in A DC-Inc -> corresponds to
mV
in mV (5V supply)
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
[ 0 .. 131071 ]
xxxx [0 .. 4095] Measurement amplitude
yyyy [0 .. 4095] CAL amplitude
xxxx [0 .. 4095] Measurement amplitude
yyyy [0 .. 4095] CAL amplitude
xxxx [0 .. 4095] Measurement amplitude
yyyy [0 .. 4095] CAL amplitude
xxxx [0 .. 4095] Measurement amplitude
yyyy [0 .. 4095] CAL amplitude
[0 .. ->] Measurement fine phase
[0 .. ->] Measurement coarse phase 48m
[0 .. ->] Measurement coarse phase 840m
[0 .. ->] Measurement coarse phase 912m
xxxx Measurement packages
yyyy CAL packages
xxxx Measurement packages
yyyy CAL packages
xxxx Measurement packages
yyyy CAL packages
xxxx Measurement packages
yyyy CAL packages
[0 .. 4095]
[0 .. 4095]
[0 .. 4095]
[0 .. 4095]
[0 .. 4095]
[0 .. 4095]
xx [ 0..15] Measurement phase (Shift 0)
xx [16..31] Measurement phase (Shift180)
xx [32..47] CAL phase (Shift 0)
xx [48..63] CAL phase (Shift 180)
xx [ 0..15] Measurement phase
xx [16..31] CAL phase
xx [ 0..9] Measurement phase
xx [10..19] CAL phase
xx [ 0..11] Measurement phase
xx [12..23] CAL phase
xx Error no.

6HUYLFHPDQXDO:,/'7366\VWHP
'RF&RGH

6HUYLFHVRIWZDUH
0,.

&RQWHQWV
Section

page

Windows Service programs


Service using PC .............................................................................................................. 13-1
Minimum requirements for the PC .................................................................................. 13-1
Test environment.............................................................................................................. 13-1
Dongle .............................................................................................................................. 13-2
New service software ....................................................................................................... 13-2
Other Windows 3.1 Programs .......................................................................................... 13-2
Installation........................................................................................................................ 13-3
Directories ........................................................................................................................ 13-3
Starting the program......................................................................................................... 13-4
Service programs: TPS1000, TPSBase, TPSHzV, Fread and TPClean........................... 13-4
New : Service software and Service News distributed via Internet ................................. 13-4
Arranging for an Internet link .......................................................................................... 13-4
Instructions for downloading software ............................................................................ 13-5
Updating the home page................................................................................................... 13-6
E_Mail.............................................................................................................................. 13-6

6HUYLFHPDQXDO:,/'7366\VWHP
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6HUYLFHPDQXDO:,/'7366\VWHP
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6HUYLFHXVLQJ3&

CAUTION:

0LQLPXPUHTXLUHPHQWVIRU
WKH3&

7HVWHQYLURQPHQW

The adjustment and checking of the WILD T(C)(M) 1100 / 1700 / 1800
theodolites can only be performed over the serial interface using
software. No service commands can be performed from the keyboard !
Therefore, each service centre must be equipped with a PC.
A diskette containing the necessary software is enclosed with this
service manual.

IBM compatible
MS DOS 3.3 or higher
4Mb RAM
80Mb hard disk
Monitor : VGA
A parallel interface
A serial interface
Interface cable
Windows 3.1 installed

The theodolite is connected to the PC as follows:


12V Powersupply

IBM
compatible
Personal
Computer
TC(M)1100
TC(M)1700
TC(M)1800

5
6FDEOH $UWLFOH1R

CAUTION:

To connect the instrument an RS232 cable (Article no. 565 855) must
be used. The service GIF may not be used.



6HUYLFHVRIWZDUH
0,.

6HUYLFHPDQXDO:,/'7366\VWHP
'RF&RGH

'RQJOH

According to our LSG strategy, all service software is protected by the


use of a coding device (dongle), in order that the service software cannot
be used illegally.
In this way, the service sector can help to:
protect our know-how
recover market shares.
Each dongle has a serial number, visible on the case, which is registered
in Heerbrugg. The dongle can be newly programmed in situ when a new
service program is introduced. In this way, it is not necessary to return
the dongle or to replace it with a new one.
Leica Heerbrugg charges SFr.300.- for each dongle. This is chargeable
just once, as the dongle can be used for all LSG service programs.
Please register the dongle number and the related unlocked programs
in your organization.
General test programs such as BaseLine, etc., are not protected by a
dongle.

1HZVHUYLFHVRIWZDUH

As noted previously in GEO Service News 15/94, all new service


programs will only run under Windows 3.1.
The first two service programs which will run under Windows 3.1 but
not under DOS are:
TC600 Service Software
TPS1000 Service Software

2WKHU:LQGRZV
3URJUDPV

Another diskette containing the following GSI Windows 3.1 programs is


also available:
GSIWin
This program checks the GSI (RS232) interface to any GSI
instrument.
EDM BaseLine
This program is a Windows version of the old DOS EDM program. It
can repeatedly measure and calculate distances.
Theo HzVBase
This program is a Windows version of the old DOS Theo program. It
can repeatedly measure and calculate angles.
FreeProg
This program is a Windows version of the old DOS freely
programmable program. It is used to repeatedly send freely-defined
command sequences over the GSI interface.



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From the Windows menu File Run.... call A:SETUP, or from the File
manager, double-click with the mouse on the program SETUP.EXE
on the diskette.
All messages and prompts used in the installation program are given
in English. If in doubt, you can answer all questions with OK
<ENTER>.
The installation program creates the program group TPS1000 and an
icon TPS1000 is used to start the service program.

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If you would like all of the service data files to be grouped into one
directory, please insert the following lines into your
AUTOEXEC.BAT file:
SET SE_PROGS=C:\{Path}
The directory C:\{Path} must already have been created.
All files, e.g. test report, parameter data, etc., will now be saved in
this directory.

The files on the diskette have not been compressed. Files can therefore
be copied directly into a previously-created directory and started from
there.
If installed in such a manner no program group and no program icon will
be created.

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The installation program creates the directory C:\SERVICE\TPS1000 in


which to store all files.



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Double-click the service program icon.


Double-click the entry for the service program in the File manager
program

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6HUYLFHSURJUDPV736 The description of these programs is found on the program diskette and
can be called-up using the menu points Help/Info and Help/Contents in
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the programs themselves.
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With immediate effect we have a home page on Internet (in English


only), within which we offer the following services :
Service software for all current instruments
Systems software required by service workshops
Service News
Various Help programs.
The advantages of this home page are the rapid availability of the newest
software version and of Service News, and the fact that faults in the
service software can be corrected quickly.
If your workshop repairs TC400 -TC900 and TPS1000 instruments,
please arrange for an Internet link. From now on we will only be
sending software on diskettes if the circumstances are exceptional.
The software can be downloaded from these pages by anyone, but will be
coded so that it can only be accessed by authorized service workshops.
To decode it, the Leica service dongle and the appropriate authorization
are required along the lines of the example below:
Software type
TC400 - TC900 *
TPS1000
TDM5000
Service News

Dongle with the following permit:


TC600
TPS1000
IMS Products
Service News

The new dongle bit (Service News Update) necessary for the Service
News can be ordered from Mr Beat Benz in Service GEO/BAC/IMS,
internal telephone extension 3688 or fax. +41 (0)71 727 4690.
The address of the LSG-Service home page is :

http://www.leica.com/lsg-service/


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For a good-quality display on the monitor, a "frame"-compatible browser


is needed, e.g. Netscape or Internet Explorer. If you use a different
browser, which only displays parts of the page, you can enter the
following address :
http://www.leica.com/lsg-service/index2.htm
First step : Download and install the VB40 run-time files :
Enter the address http://www.leica.com/lsg-service
Select Download from the GEO menu
Select VB40RUN
Select VB40-Runtime
Enter Saving File... in any empty directory on the hard disk (ZIP file)
(depending on the browser, other windows may appear here)
Unzip VB40RUN.ZIP , e.g. with PKUNZIP.EXE
Call SETUP.EXE and proceed as follows:
Second step : Download and install the Decript program :
Select Download from the GEO menu
Select Decript twice
Enter Saving File... in any empty directory on the hard disk (ZIP file)
(depending on the browser, other windows may appear here)
Unzip DECRIPT.ZIP , e.g. with PKUNZIP.EXE
DECRIPT.EXE is the decoding program for all further service
programs and for Service News.
Third step : Download a service program and install it
(e.g. TPS1000 Service Software) :
Select Download from the GEO menu
Select TPS1000
Select TPS1000 Service Software
Enter Saving File... in any empty directory on the hard disk (BIN file)
(depending on the browser, other windows may appear here)
Start DECRIPT.EXE, select TPS1000.BIN , press Go.

The TPS1000 service software is decoded, decompressed and


installed.
The installation of the VB40RunTime files (first step) and the
downloading of the decoding program (second step) only need to be
carried out once on each PC. No service dongle is required for these two
programs.


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Repeat the third step for each type of software required. To decode the
TPS1000 service software, the service dongle with the TPS1000 bit is
required, and service training is also needed to carry out this operation.
The procedure described in Step 3 is also required for Service News. The
decoding program creates WinWord V6.0 DOC files from the BIN files.
To decode Service News, the service dongle with the Service News bit is
needed (see above).
If WinWord V6.0 is not installed on your PC, you can download the
program WinWord6 View and use that. No service dongle is needed for
downloading and installing this program.

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The LSG Service home page is updated weekly. Each week, please look
at the "List of different software versions" and the Service News page, in
order to know immediately about changes and about the new software.
The range of information offered in the LSG home page will be
expanded later.

(B0DLO

The E_Mail point serves for reporting back errors in the LSG service
home page and in the service software. For all other questions, please use
the usual hot-line.
E_Mail is not a hot-line.



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Section

page

Symbols
1
Listing of symbols and their meaning.............................................................................. 1
Additional information..................................................................................................... 1

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DANGER:

Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will


result in death or serious injury.

WARNING:

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could


result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION:

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may


result in minor or moderate injury and/or appreciable material, financial
and environmental damage. The symbol is also used to alert against
unsafe practices.

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Important paragraphs which must be adhered to in practice as they
enable the product to be used in a technically-correct and efficient
manner.



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