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103 學年度第 2 學期統計學 期末會考

1. A Type II error is committed if we make:

 A. a correct decision when the null hypothesis is false. B. a correct decision when the null hypothesis is true. C. an incorrect decision when the null hypothesis is false. D. an incorrect decision when the null hypothesis is true. 2. If a test of hypothesis has a Type I error probability of .05, this means that: A. if the null hypothesis is true, we don't reject if 5% of the time. B. if the null hypothesis is true, we reject it 5% of the time. C. if the null hypothesis is false, we don't reject it 5% of the time. D. if the null hypothesis is false, we reject it 5% of the time. 3. Which of the following is an appropriate null hypothesis? A. The mean of a population is equal to 60. B. The mean of a sample is equal to 60. C. The mean of a population is not equal to 60. D. All of these choices are true.

4. Which of the following conclusions is not an appropriate conclusion from a hypothesis test?

 A. Reject H 0 . Sufficient evidence to support H 1 . B. Accept H 0 . Sufficient evidence to support H 0 . C. Fail to reject H 0 . Insufficient evidence to support H 1 . D. All of these choices are true. 5. The power of a test is measured by its capability of: A. rejecting a null hypothesis that is true. B. not rejecting a null hypothesis that is true. C. rejecting a null hypothesis that is false. D. not rejecting a null hypothesis that is false.

6. A major electronics store chain is interested in estimating the average amount its credit card customers spent on their first visit to the chain's new store in the mall. Fifteen credit card accounts were randomly sampled and analyzed with the following results: = \$50.50 and s 2 = 400. A 95% confidence interval for the average amount the credit card customers spent on their first visit to the chain's new store in the mall is:

 A. \$50.50 ± \$9.09. B. \$50.50 ± \$10.12. C. \$50.50 ± \$11.08. D. None of these choices.

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7. Based on sample data, the 90% confidence interval limits for the population mean are LCL = 170.86 and UCL = 195.42. If the 10% level of significance were used in testing the hypotheses H 0 : µ = 201 vs. H 1 : µ 201, the null hypothesis:

 A. would be rejected. B. would be accepted. C. would fail to be rejected. D. would become H 0 : µ ≠ 201

8. A random sample of 25 observations is selected from a normally distributed population. The sample variance is 10. In the 95% confidence interval for the population variance, the upper limit is:

 A. 19.355 B. 17.391 C. 17.11 D. 6.091

9. In a hypothesis test for the population variance, the hypotheses are H 0 : σ 2 = 100 vs. H 1 : σ 2 100. If the sample size is 15 and the test is being carried out at the 10% level of significance, the rejection region is:

 A. χ 2 < 7.790 or χ 2 > 21.064. B. χ 2 < 6.571 or χ 2 > 23.685. C. χ 2 < 8.547 or χ 2 > 22.307. D. χ 2 < 7.261 or χ 2 < 24.996.

10. The use of the standard normal distribution for constructing confidence interval estimate for the population proportion p requires:

 A. n and n(1 − ) both greater than 5. B. np and n(1 − p) both greater than 5. C. n(1 + ) and n(1 − ) both greater than 5. D. sample size greater than 5.

11. A survey claims that 9 out of 10 doctors recommend aspirin for their patients with headaches. To test this claim against the alternative that the actual proportion of doctors who recommend aspirin is less than 0.90, a random sample of 100 doctors' results in 83 who indicate that they recommend aspirin. The value of the test statistic (z) in this problem is approximately equal to:

 A. −1.67 B. −2.33 C. −1.86 D. −.14

12. When determining the sample size needed for a proportion for a given level of confidence and sampling error, the closer to 0.50 that p is estimated to be:

 A. the smaller the sample size required. B. the larger the sample size required. C. the sample size is not affected. D. the effect cannot be determined from the information given.

13. As a manufacturer of guitars, a major corporation wants to estimate the proportion of guitar players who are right-handed. How many golfers must be surveyed if they want to be within 0.02, with a 95% confidence? (Assume that there is no prior information that could be used as an estimate of .)

 A. 600 B. 1101 C. 1200 D. 2401

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14. The quantity

2

s p

is called the pooled variance estimate of the common variance of two unknown but equal population variances. It is the weighted average

of the two sample variances, where the weights represent the:

 A. Sample variances. B. Sample standard deviations. C. Degrees of freedom for each sample. D. None of these choices.

15. Two independent samples of sizes 20 and 30 are randomly selected from two normally distributed populations. Assume that the population variances are

unknown but equal. In order to test the difference between the population means,

is:

A. Normal.

C. Student-t with 48 degrees of freedom.

B.

D.

, the sampling distribution of the sample mean difference,

Student-t with 50 degrees of freedom. None of these choices.

,

16. In testing the difference between the means of two normal populations using two independent samples when the population variances are unequal, the sampling distribution of the resulting statistic is:

 A. Normal. B. Student-t. C. Approximately normal. D. Approximately Student-t.

17. If some natural relationship exists between each pair of observations that provides a logical reason to compare the first observation of sample 1 with the first observation of sample 2, the second observation of sample 1 with the second observation of sample 2, and so on, the samples are referred to as:

 A. Matched pairs. B. Independent samples. C. Nonrandom samples. D. None of these choices.

18. When testing for the difference between two population variances with sample sizes of n 1 = 8 and n 2 = 10, the degrees of freedom are:

 A. 8 and 10 B. 7 and 9 C. 2 and 18 D. 18 and 2

19. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the percentile points of the F-distribution?

 A. F 0.05,10,20 = 1/F 0.95,10,20 B. F 0.05,10,20 = 1/F 0.05,20,10 C. F 0.95,10,20 = 1/F 0.05,20,10 D. F 0.95,10,20 = 1/F 0.95,20,10

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20. For testing the difference between two population proportions, the pooled proportion estimate should be used to compute the value of the test statistic when the:

 A. Populations are normally distributed. B. Sample sizes are small. C. Null hypothesis states that the two population proportions are equal. D. Samples are independently drawn from the populations.

21. Which of the following is a required condition for using the normal approximation to the binomial in testing the difference between two population proportions?

A.

C.

,
,

, and

B.

D. Choice b is the true requirement, but choice c is the one you actually check.

,
,

, and

22. Given the following information about a hypothesis test of the difference between two means based on independent random samples, which one of the

following is the correct rejection region at a significance level of 0.05? H 0 :

µ µ

A

B

, H 1 :

µ >µ

A

B

.

X

1

= 12 ,

X

2 = 9 , s 1 = 4, s 2 = 3.9, n 1 = 13, n 2 = 10.

 A. Reject H 0 if Z > 1.96 B. Reject H 0 if Z > 1.645 C. Reject H 0 if t > 1.721 D. Reject H 0 if t > 2.08

23. Given the following information about a hypothesis test of the difference between two means based on independent random samples, what is the standard deviation of the difference between the two means? Assume that the samples are obtained from normally distributed populations having equal variances. H 0 :

µ µ

A

B

, H 1 :

µ >µ

A

B

.

X

1

= 12 ,

X

2 = 9 , s 1 = 5, s 2 = 3, n 1 = 13, n 2 = 9.

 A. 2.823 B. 3.21 C. 4.313 D. 5.281

24. Given the following information about a hypothesis test of the difference between two means based on independent random samples, what is the calculated

.

value of the test statistic? Assume that the samples are obtained from normally distributed populations having equal variances. H 0 :

µ µ

A

B

, H 1 :

µ >µ

A

B

X

1

= 12 ,

X

2 = 9 , s 1 = 5, s 2 = 3, n 1 = 13, n 2 = 9.

 A. t = 1.064 B. t = 1.604 C. t = 1.894 D. t = 2.824

25. Given the following information about a hypothesis test of the difference between two variances based on independent random samples, what is the calculated

value of the test statistic? Assume that the samples are obtained from normally distributed populations. H 0 :

5, s 2 = 3, n 1 = 13, n 2 = 9.

σ =σ

A

2

2

B

, H 1 :

σ σ

A

2

2

B

.

X

1

= 12 ,

X

2

= 9 , s 1 =

 A. 1.333 B. 1.667 C. 2 D. 2.778

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