You are on page 1of 4

Russia Rearms for a New Era - The New York Times

1 of 4

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/12/24/world/asia/russia-arming...

Skip to content
Asia Pacific|Russia Rearms for a New Era

Email
Share
Tweet
More

SUBSCRIBE NOW
Subscribe

search sponsored by

Site Search Navigation


Search NYTimes.com
http://nyti.ms/1Jx1vtW
1.

1.

Chinese Official Vows Punishment Over Shenzhen Landslide


2.

Narendra Modi of India Meets With Pakistani Premier During Surprise Visit
3.

Afghan Province Tucked in Mountains Lies Beyond Reach of Aid and Time
4.

Suicide Bomber Strikes at Ahmadi Mosque in Bangladesh


5.

The China Factor | Part 6

China Plans a New Trade Route, but Partners Are Wary


6.

In Hong Kong, Fears for an Art Museum


7.

Ex-News Executive in China Gets 4-Year Sentence for Extortion


8.

Sinosphere

Westerners in Beijing Are Warned of Possible Threats


9.

2 Sentenced to Death in Killing of British Tourists in Thailand


10.

Play Video

Sinosphere

Hiding in Plain Sight as Beijing Disappears Into Blanket of Smog


11.

Taliban Chief Rebuked by Religious Leaders in Sign of Turmoil


12.

World Briefing

Indonesia: Boat Disasters Toll Rises


13.

World Briefing

Japan: Court Paves Way for Utility to Restart 2 More Nuclear Reactors
14.

Migrant Workers in Shenzhen Bear Brunt of Landslide


15.

Sinosphere

A Peek Into the Mind of Chinas Internet Users


16.

World Briefing

Thailand: 2 Sentenced to Death for Murders of British Tourists


17.

Sinosphere

Stephon Marbury Gains Museum, and Green Card, in China


18.

China Landslide: Man Pulled Alive From Shenzhen Debris After 67 Hours
19.

Shenzhen Landslide Casts Shadow Over Chinas Success Story


20.

Sinosphere

Companies in South China See Opportunity in Beijings Smog


21.

Japan Selects New Plan for 2020 Olympic Stadium in Tokyo


22.

News Analysis

Conviction of Pu Zhiqiang Affirms Chinas Resolve to Muzzle Rights Lawyers


23.

Play Video

Sinosphere

Video Exemplifies Lawyers Civil Rights Campaign in China


24.

Yogyakarta Journal

Transgender Muslims Find a Home for Prayer in Indonesia


25.

Before Shenzhen Landslide, Many Saw Warning Signs as Debris Swelled


26.

In the Dirtiest Cities, Air Pollution Forces Life Changes


27.

12/25/2015 2:56 PM

Russia Rearms for a New Era - The New York Times

2 of 4

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/12/24/world/asia/russia-arming...

British Forces Rush to Help Afghans Hold Off Taliban in Helmand


28.

Play Video

Crash Near New Delhi Airport Leaves 10 Dead


29.

Journalist Says China May Expel Her for Article on Uighurs


30.

World Briefing

India: Lawmakers Vote to Lower Age for Trying Some Teenagers as Adults
31.

Ho Chi Minh City Journal

In Search of Their Fathers: Seeking Redemption in Vietnam


32.

Op-Ed Contributor

Indian Schools Are Failing Their Students


33.

Op-Ed Contributor

Chinas Dangerous Ambiguity in the South China Sea


34.

Late-Night Earthquake Rattles Pakistani Capital, Afghanistan


35.

India's Modi Arrives in Pakistan on First Visit as Premier


36.

Strong Earthquake Hits Northeast Afghanistan


37.

French Journalist at L'Obs to Be Expelled From China


2. Loading...
See next articles
See previous articles

Site Navigation
Home Page
Home Page
World
U.S.
Politics
N.Y.
Business
Business
Opinion
Opinion
Tech
Science
Health
Sports
Sports
Arts
Arts
Fashion & Style
Fashion & Style
Food
Food
Travel
Magazine
T Magazine
Real Estate
Obituaries
Video
The Upshot
Conferences
Crossword
Times Insider
Multimedia
Photography
NYT Store
NYT Wine Club
nytEducation
Times Journeys
Subscribe
Manage Account
Today's Paper
Blogs
Times Topics
Tools & Services
Jobs
Classifieds
Corrections
More

Site Mobile Navigation


Advertisement

Share

Asia Pacific

Russia Rearms for a New Era


By CATRIN EINHORN, HANNAH FAIRFIELD and TIM WALLACE DEC. 24, 2015
Russia has bolstered its military and asserted itself on
the world stage with a forcefulness not seen since the
Cold War, ratcheting up tensions with the West. Here
is what Russia has been doing to reclaim its influence.

Russia Is Building and


Expanding Bases in the Arctic
Russia is reinvesting in its bases in the Arctic: building new ones,
expanding old ones and deploying personnel to operate them.
Analysts say Russias efforts in the Arctic are driven in part by
climate change, as the country seeks to exploit and defend maritime
trade routes and oil and natural gas resources in areas made more
accessible by melting ice.
Northern military activity since early 2014:

New or updated military bases

Source: Center for Strategic and International Studies

Its Military Budget Has


Been Growing Steadily
Russia has made big increases to its military budget, including a
jump of nearly $11 billion from 2014 to 2015. According to
Moscow, it is making up for years of disinvestment after the collapse
of the Soviet Union. But sanctions from the Ukrainian conflict,
dropping oil prices and other financial problems have weakened the
Russian economy, and analysts expect military spending to slow.

2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016


The New York Times | Source: IHS Janes

Large-Scale Military Exercises


Russia has scheduled mobilizations of more than 100,000 troops, as
well as unannounced exercises that move thousands of troops with
almost no notice. These efforts serve as combat training for the
troops and as a show of military strength to the world. They often
involve units that control Russias nuclear arsenal, calling attention
to the countrys nuclear abilities. NATO has responded by expanding

12/25/2015 2:56 PM

Russia Rearms for a New Era - The New York Times

3 of 4

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/12/24/world/asia/russia-arming...

its own exercises.


The image that Russian official sources convey is that theyre
preparing for large-scale interstate war, said Johan Norberg of the
Swedish Defense Research Agency. This is not about peacekeeping
or counterinsurgency.

One military exercise, March 16 to 21: 80,000 troops

Military
deployment

In the first phase, units in the Northern Fleet were


deployed to the Barents and Norwegian Seas. Troops
in the Arctic mobilized. Naval helicopters began
antisubmarine drills, and antiaircraft missile battalions
defended the skies.

In the second phase, units from central, eastern and


western Russia joined the exercise. Ships, aircraft and
troops rehearsed exercises and combat, including
shooting down enemy drones.

The third phase was a scenario simulating a war with


the United States and/or NATO, according to the
European Leadership Network. It brought the total
exercise to 12,000 pieces of heavy equipment, 65
warships, 15 submarines and 220 aircraft.

Source: European Leadership Network

Confrontation in Other
Countries Airspace
Russia has repeatedly entered or skirted the airspace of other
countries, including the United States. Since it annexed Crimea in
March 2014, the incidents have grown in number and seriousness. In
November, Turkey shot down a Russian plane it said entered its
airspace. The pilot was killed, as was a marine on a subsequent
rescue mission.
Other incursions have been dangerous, like a near collision in March
2014 between a commercial plane carrying 132 passengers and a
Russian reconnaissance plane that did not transmit its position.
Putin is trying to provoke the United States and NATO into military
action and create the appearance that they are posing a threat to
Russia, in order to bolster his own popularity, said Kimberly
Marten, a professor at Barnard College and director of the United
States-Russia Relations program at Columbia Universitys Harriman
Institute.
Air incidents, March 2014 to March 2015:

High-risk or serious incidents

Low-risk incidents

RUSSIA
Russian plane
shot down
on Nov. 24

Source: European Leadership Network

Deploying Its Military in Foreign Conflicts


In several regions, Russia has exerted its military authority, rattled
its rivals, and seeded instability to preserve its influence.
Russias role in the Syrian war escalated in September 2015 when it
started airstrikes to support the Syrian government of President
Bashar al-Assad. Most of Russias airstrikes have been in rebel-held
territory, rather than areas controlled by the Islamic State. Amnesty
International has accused Russia of using cluster munitions and
unguided bombs that it says have killed hundreds of Syrian civilians.
In early 2014, Russia sent special forces troops into Crimea, when
Ukraines pro-Moscow president was ousted. Crimea then joined
Russia in a referendum that Ukraine and Western leaders consider
illegal. Later that year, Ukrainian forces in eastern Ukraine fought
Russia-backed separatists. A cease-fire agreement in February 2015
slowed the fighting, but clashes continue.
Russia won a war with Georgia in 2008, driving Georgian forces
away from the separatist region of South Ossetia. The Kremlin
asserts that it is protecting the interests of ethnic Russians in those
areas.

Modernizing Its Military Equipment


The country is buying, updating and developing its military
equipment, with the intent to modernize 70 percent of its military by
2020.
This is Russia catching up on where the West has gotten itself
technologically, said Nick de Larrinaga at IHS Janes.

Illustrations by Guilbert Gates/The New York Times | Source: IHS Janes

Sources: European Leadership Network


Email
Share
Tweet
More

More on NYTimes.com
Powerful Syrian Rebel Leader Reported...
Dec. 25, 2015
The death of the leader, Zahran Alloush, who commanded the Army of Islam, is a significant blow to the armed opposition in the Syria...

Narendra Modi of India Meets With Pakistani Premier During Surprise Visit
Dec. 25, 2015

The China Factor | Part 6

China Plans a New Trade Route, but Partners Are Wary


Dec. 25, 2015

Hear the One About Jeb Bushs Humor? You Have to Listen Closely
Dec. 25, 2015

12/25/2015 2:56 PM

Russia Rearms for a New Era - The New York Times

4 of 4

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/12/24/world/asia/russia-arming...

Marco Rubio Looks in the Mirror and Sees a Republican Obama


Dec. 24, 2015

Site Information Navigation


2015 The New York Times Company
Home
Search
Accessibility concerns? Email us at accessibility@nytimes.com. We would love to hear from you.
Contact Us
Work With Us
Advertise
Your Ad Choices
Privacy
Terms of Service
Terms of Sale

Site Information Navigation


Site Map
Help
Site Feedback
Subscriptions
Go to the next story

12/25/2015 2:56 PM