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Sumit Noor ME-122006


Basics:;working principal;parts of computer;compiler and

b.definition of program,importance of C,format/structure of simple C
c.Bit and bytes,ASCII Chart,memory address(T)
d.Variable,data type,declaration,initialization and assignment,variable
names(rules),size,token,keywords,identifier,format specifier,printf() and
e.Operator(B,U,T,A,L,R) and operand;expression;(increment and decrement
operators use);assignment operators;uses of (<,>,<=,=>,&&,||)-True and
False.(LC and T)
Control statements: A.if,if else,nested if else,else if chain,switch.
B.Loop:for,nested for loop,while loop,do while. C.break and continue
Function:definition,library and user-defined function,components(function
definition,prototype and calling),recursion and recursive function,local and
global variable,stack.
Array:array,declaration,2-D array,size,matrix multiplication.
Pointer:definition,finding out the address of a variable,declaration,pointer
and array.Dereferencing a pointer.
String:definition,size,string and char[] variable,array of string,input and
output.Library functionsstrlen,strcat,strcpy,strcmp,strupr,strlwr,strrev,strdup,strstr,atoi,atof,atol,strto
Structure and union:custom data type(practice and analyze the related
programs),difference between structure and union.
File:appending,reading and writing methods. (T)


Memory:1.Registered 2.Cache 3.RAM 4.Hard-disk

5.ROM(PROM,EPROM,EEPROM) 6.Flash-memory-Differences: a.RAM-ROM
b.EEPROM-Flashmemory-Capacity(GB) and density(LC)
Software: Definition,OS definition,Key functions of OS(6-M,D,P,U,F,S),main
purposes of OS.(LC)
Number system:Converisions: A.Decimal to base n. B.Base n to decimal.
C.Base n to base n(Step 1:convert base n to decimal,step 2:convert decimal
to base n) extra:binary to hex,binary to octal directly.
Flowchart:Study the basic format and practice in case of programs.

Extra: a.Implicit and explicit type of conversion with examples.

b.Equivalent expression of x%8
c.two input and output devices.
d.Calculate the content of the register after each
e.Difference between array variable and ordinary variable. by reference and call by value
g.Disadvantages and advantages of the use of
h.size of pointer(int,float,double,char)
i.Why operating system is necessary?(This is included in the OS
portion of the software contents)
j.Differences between break and continue keyword

k.Programs to convert numbers based on the number

l.Difference between null array and empty array.


m.Demirits and merits of goto statement.

n.Key features of PnP(Plug and play)
o.difference between the types of loops.
p.In any case do while loop must be executed at least
onceexplain. q.
q.Why ampersand isnt used while taking string input?
r.explain assembler,pow(),sqrt()
s.Design AND,OR,NOR gate using universal NAND gate.
u.Define ALU(Arithmatic and logic unit)