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CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

PAPER 1
1 The elements in a periodic table are arranged according to the
Unsur-unsur dalam jadual berkala disusun berdasarkan
A
B
C
D

nucleon number
Nombor nukleon
number of neutrons
Nombor neutron
proton number
Nombor proton
number of isotopes
Nombor isotop
3.4 / KNOWLEDGE / L

The above diagram shows the physical changes in the state of a matter. Which of the
following processes involve the release of heat energy?
Rajah di atas menunjukkan perubahan keadaan jirim.Yang manakah proses-proses
berikut membebaskan tenaga haba?
A
B
C
D

K, M, P
L, N, O
L, M, P
L, M, O
3.1 / APPLICATION / M

The above table shows the subatomic particles in an atom and their charges. Which
of the following is X, Y and Z?
Jadual di atas menunjukkan zarah subatom dan casnya dalam sesuatu atom.Antara
berikut, yang mana satu ialah X, Y dan Z?
A
B
C
D

X
Neutron
Electron
Proton
Proton

Y
Electron
Proton
Electron
Neutron

Z
Proton
Neutron
Neutron
Electron
3.2 / UNDERSTANDING / M

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

An atom has 9 electrons and a nucleon number of 19. How many neutrons are there
in this atom?
Satu atom mempunyai 9 elektron dengan nombor nukleon 19.Berapakah bilangan
neutron dalam atom ini?
A
B
C
D

9
10
19
28
3.3 / APPLICATION / H

The substances that are classified as molecular substances are


Bahan-bahan yang dikelaskan sebagai bahan molekul ialah
A
B
C
D

ammonia and oxygen


ammonia dan oksigen
carbon and sulphur
karbon dan sulfur
iron and carbon
besi dan karbon
sodium chloride and ammonia
natrium klorida dan ammonia
3.5 / KNOWLEDGE / H

Which of the following is not a usage of non-metals?


Antara berikut ,yang manakah bukan kegunaan bahan bukan logam?
A
B
C
D

To make matches
Dijadikan mancis
To destroy germs in a water treatment plant
membunuh kuman dalam loji pembersihan air
As fuel
Sebagai bahan api
To make wires
Dijadikan wayar
3.6 / KNOWLEDGE / M

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

Which of the following pairs of elements in the above diagram allows electrical flow in
molten state when they are chemically combined?
Antara pasangan unsur dalam rajah diatas, yang manakah mengalirkan arus elektrik
semasa dalam keadaan leburan apabila digabungkan secara kimia ?
A
B
C
D

R and W
R and U
R and V
T and U
3.5 / APPLICATION / H

The graph in the above diagram shows the cooling of liquid acetamide in relation to
time.What happen during the period of time from X to Y?
Graf dalam rajah diatas menunjukkan penyejukan cecair asetamida berhubung
dengan masa.Apakah yang berlaku dalam masa di antara X dan Y?
A
B
C
D

Heat is absorbed from the surroundings.


Tenaga haba diserap daripada sekeliling
The temperature increases dramatically.
Suhu meningkat dengan ketara
The movement of particles slow down
Gerakan zarah-zarah menjadi lambat
The particles separate further
Zarah-zarah lebih berjauhan
3.1 / UNDERSTANDING / H

A substance can conduct electricity in solid state. This substance may be


Suatu bahan boleh mengkonduksi arus elektrik dalam keadaan pepejal. Bahan ini
mungkin ialah
A
B
C
D

Aluminium
aluminium
Naphthalene
naftalena
sodium nitrate
natrium nitrat
Bromine
bromin
3.5 / KNOWLEDGE / H

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

10

The above table shows the properties of three materials X, Y and Z. Which type of
particles are in X, Y and Z?
Jadual di atas menunjukkan sifat-sifat tiga bahan X,Y dan Z. Apakah jenis zarah
dalam X, Y dan Z?
A
B
C
D

X
Ion
Ion
Molecule
Molekul
Atom
Atom
Atom
Atom

Y
Molecule
molekul
Ion
ion
Molecule
molekul
Ion
ion

Z
Atom
atom
Atom
atom
Ion
ion
Molecule
molekul
3.5 / APPLICATION / M

11 Molten sodium chloride is allowed to cool until it freezes completely. The graph of
temperature versus time that best illustrates the change is
Leburan natrium klorida disejukkan sehingga beku sepenuhnya. Graf suhu lawan
masa yang paling sesuai menggambarkan perubahan ini ialah

3.1 / APPLICATION / L

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

12 The diagram below shows the change in the arrangement of atoms before and after a
force is applied on a metal
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan perubahan susunan atom sebelum dan selepas suatu
daya dikenakan pada logam tersebut.

pull
pull

tarik

tarik
before
sebelum
This change shows that metals
perubahan ini menunjukkan bahan logam..........
A
B
C
D

after
selepas

Can be melted
Boleh dileburkan
Can be beated
Boleh ditempa
Can be polished
Boleh digosok
Can be pulled into wires
Boleh ditarik menjadi dawai
3.6 / UNDERSTANDING / H

13

X atom has proton number of 12 and nucleon number of 25. This means a neutral X
atom has
Atom X mempunyai nombor proton 12 dan nombor nukleon 25. Atom X yang neutral
mempunyai
A 12 electrons
12 elektron
B 13 electrons
13 elektron
C 12 neutrons
12 neutron
D 13 protons
13 proton
3.3 / APPLICATION / L

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CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

The above diagram shows the structure of an oxygen particle. Which of the following
is true about the particle?
Rajah di atas menunjukkan struktur satu zarah oksigen. Antara berikut yang
manakah adalah benar?
A
B
C
D

It has a proton number of 8.


Ia mempunyai nombor proton 8
It has a nucleon number of 18.
Ia mempunyai nombor nukleon 18
The particle is a neutral atom
Zarah itu adalah atom yang neutral
It has 16 positive charges
Ia mempunyai 16 cas positif
3.2 / APPLICATION / M

15 Diagram below shows the arrangement of ions in an ionic compound


Rajah berikut menunjukkan susunan ion dalam suatu sebatian ion.
+
+

+
+

+
+

Which of the following substances most likely the particles as shown in the above
diagram?
Mana satu bahan berikut paling mungkin merupakan zarah yang ditunjukkan dalam
rajah?
A
B
C
D

Hydrogen chloride
Hidrogen klorida
Mercury
merkuri
Sodium chloride
Natrium klorida
Sulphur
surfur
3.5 / APPLICATION / L

16

The above diagram shows a change in the state of a matter. Which of the following
happens in the change above?
Rajah di atas menunjukkan suatu perubahan keadaan bahan. Manakah antara
berikut berlaku semasa perubahan tersebut?

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

A
B
C
D

The particles release energy


Zarah-zarah membebaskan tenaga
The force of attraction among particles increased.
Daya tarikan antara zarah bertambah
The particles become smaller.
Zarah-zarah menjadi lebih kecil
The particles absorb energy
Zarah-zarah menyerap tenaga
3.1 / UNDERSTANDING / H

17 The diagram below shows an experiment conducted to study the diffusion of iodine
particles through solid gel.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan suatu eksperimen mengkaji resapan zarah iodin
melalui agar-agar.

Which of the following statements is true?


Mana satu pernyataan berikut adalah benar?
A
B
C
D

The particles are always moving randomly.


Zarah-zarah adalah sentiasa bergerak secara rawak
Iodine particles are lighter than the gel particles
Zarah-zarah iodin adalah lebih ringan daripada zarah-zarah agar-agar
Iodine particles have more kinetic energy than the gel particles
Zarah-zarah iodin mempunyai lebih banyak tenaga kinetik daripada zarah-zarah
agar-agar
Iodine particles fill in the spaces between the gel particles
Zarah-zarah iodin mengisi ruang antara zarah-zarah agar-agar
4.1 / KNOWLEDGE / M

18 The figure below shows the structures of P atom and Q atom.


Rajah berikut menunjukkan struktur atom P dan Q

Keys
Electron
Proton
Neutron
P

What is the similarity between P atom and Q atom?


Apakah persamaan antara atom P dan atom Q?

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

A
B
C
D

The number of neutrons


Bilangan neutron
The nucleon number
Nombor nukleon
The proton number
Nombor proton
Number of the subatomic particles
Bilangan zarah-zarah subatom
3.2 / APPLICATION / H

19 Why is it easier for a gas to be compressed compared to a liquid and a solid?


A
B
C
D

Gas particles are far apart


Zarah-zarah gas berjauhan antara satu sama lain
Gas particles are very small
Zarah-zarah gas sangat kecil
Gas particles are closely arranged
Zarah-zarah gas disusun secara rapat
Gas particles are held together by strong forces
Zarah-zarah gas ditarik bersama oleh daya yang kuat
3.1 / UNDERSTANDING / L

20 In the periodic table below, which element represents a metal?


Dalam jadual berkala berikut,unsur yang manakah mewakili bahan logam?

3.4 / KNOWLEDGE / L
21 Diagram below shows the position of elements P, Q, R and S in the Periodic Table.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kedudukan unsur P, Q, R dan S dalam Jadual Berkala.

P
Q

Which of the elements is a noble gas ?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah gas nadir ?

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

A
B
C
D

P
Q
R
S
3.4 / KNOWLEDGE / L

22 Diagram shows the changes in the arrangement of the atoms of a substance when it
is being heated and cooled.
Rajah menunjukkan perubahan dalam susunan atom-atom di dalam suatu bahan
apabila ia dipanaskan dan disejukkan.
A

Which of the changes represents evaporation ?


Antara perubahan yang manakah mewakili sejatan ?
3.1 / KNOWLEDGE / M
23 What is the number of proton and the number of neutron in an atom of the isotope of
carbon with proton number 6 and nucleon number 14?
Berapakah bilangan proton dan bilangan neutron di dalam isotop karbon yang
mempunyai nombor proton 6 dan nombor nukleon 14 ?

A
B
C
D

Number of proton
Bilangan proton
6
6
6
8

Number of neutron
Bilangan neutron
6
8
14
6
3.3 / APPLICATION / H

24 Which of the following is true about impure substance.


Antara pernyataan-pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang bahan yang
tidak tulen?
A
B
C
D

It has a fixed boiling point


Ia mempunyai takat didih yang tetap
It has a fixed melting point
Ia mempunyai takat lebur yang tetap
It consists of one type of substance
Ia mengandungi hanya satu jenis bahan
It consists of more than one type of substance
Ia mengandungi lebih daripada satu jenis bahan
3.7 / UNDERSTANDING / L

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

25 Based on the table below, which elements are isotopes ?


Berdasarkan jadual di bawah, unsur yang manakah merupakan isotop ?
Element
Unsur
P
Q
R
S
A
B
C
D

Number of proton
Bilangan proton
17
18
17
19

Number of neutron
Bilangan neutron
17
17
18
19

P and Q
P dan Q
P and R
P dan R
Q and R
Q dan R
Q and S
Q dan S
3.2 / APPLICATION / H

26 Diagram below shows the heating of iodine crystal in a beaker. It is then cooled
instantly .
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan pemanasan hablur iodin di dalam sebuah bikar dan
disejukkan serta-merta.

Ais
Bintil hitam

Piring kaca
Bikar
xxxxxxxxxx
xx

Hablur
iodin

The process that occur in the beaker is


Proses yang berlaku di dalam bikar adalah
A
B
C
D

Melting
Peleburan
Boiling
Pendidihan
Sublimation
Pemejalwapan
Condensation
Kondensasi
3.1 / UNDERSTANDING / H

10

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

27 A student wants to get a pure X liquid from a mixture of X and Y liquids . Table below
shows the boiling points of both liquids.
Seorang pelajar ingin mendapatkan cecair X daripada suatu campuran X dan Y.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan takat didih kedua-dua cecair.
Liquid
cecair
X
Y

Boiling point ( o C )
Takat didih ( o C )
78
100

Which of the following is the most suitable method for separating the liquids?
Antara kaedah beriku ,yang manakah paling sesuai untuk mengasingkan cecaircecair tersebut?
A
B
C
D

Filtration
Penurasan
Condensation
Kondensasi
Distillation
Penyulingan
Crystallisation
Penghabluran
3.7 / APPLICATION / M

28 Table below shows electrical conductivity of X and Y substances .


Jadual berikut menunjukkan kekonduksian bahan X dan bahan Y.
Substance
bahan
X
Y

Electrical conductivity
Kekonduksian elektrik
Solid state
Molten state
Keadaan pepejal
Keadaan leburan
Yes
Yes
No
Yes

Which of the following are examples of substances X and Y?


Yang manakah antara berikut merupakan contoh bahan X dan Y?

A
B
C
D

Substance X
Bahan X
Lead
plumbum
Sulphur
sulfur
Zinc
zink
Aluminium oxide
Aluminium oksida

Substance Y
Bahan Y
Lead (II) bromide
Plumbum(II) bromida
Iron
besi
Carbon
karbon
Chlorine
Klorin

11

CHAPTER 3 :MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

3.5 / KNOWLEDGE / H
29 P substance boils at 105C. What is P?
Suatu bahan P mendidih pada suhu 105 C. Apakah P?
A Alcohol
alkohol
B Pure water
Air tulen
C Naphthalene
naftalena
D Sugar solution
Larutan gula
30
A
B
C
D

3.7 / UNDERSTANDING / L
Distilled water in a beaker will boil at 1020C if
Air suling di dalam bikar akan mendidih pada 1020C sekiranya
the volume of the distilled water is reduced
isipadu air suling dikurangkan
one spatula of fine salt is added
satu spatula garam halus ditambahkan
a bigger beaker is used
sebuah bikar yang besar digunakan
the beaker is heated with a stronger flame
bikar dipanaskan dengan nyalaan yang kuat
3.1 / KNOWLEDGE / H

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