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ANIMESH SHARMA

ROLL NO: 2
AIAE

AIM:
To plot the graph between Transmissibility Ratio (TR) and frequency ratio ( r ) for
different values of zeta with the help of MATLAB program

THEORY:
The effectiveness of vibration isolation is measured in terms of ratio called
Transmissibility. Force transmissibility is defined as the ratio of amplitude of force
transmitted to that of the excitation force. In similar way motion transmissibility is
the ratio of amplitude of displacement transmitted to that of the displacement
applied. The lesser the force or motion transmitted, greater is the isolation in the
system.
Transmitted force =
Fo sin
wt

TR=

TR=

FT
Fo

1+(2 r)2
(1r 2)2 +( 2 r )2

CODE:
r=0:0.01:4;
A=1-r.^2;
A=A.^2;
for zeta=[0,0.01,0.05,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.5,0.8,1,2,3]
B=2*zeta*r.^2;
C=(1+B).^(0.5)
D=(A+B).^(-0.5);
TR=C.*D;
grid on, hold on, plot(r,TR);
end
axis([0,4,0,5]);
hold on, plot([sqrt(2),sqrt(2)],[-1,5]);

kx +c x

CONCLUSIONS:

All curves start from the unity value of TR, pass through the unity value of
again at

r= 2

and after that they tend to 0 as r reaches infinity.

For 0<=r <

For r>=

The curves can be divided into three regions. These regions are respectively
controlled by the three parameters of the system: mass, damping coefficient,
stiffness.
o There region where isolation is really effective is when r is large

, TR >1

, TR<1

(greater than

). This is the mass controlled region. Large m gives

low natural frequency and consequently higher r.

o
o

Second region is the spring controlled region. Here r is small. Larger


value of k gives higher value of natural frequency and hence low r.
The middle region always to be avoided is the damping controlled
region.

AIM:
To plot the graph between Transmissibility Ratio (TR) and frequency ratio ( r ) for
vibration isolation without damper with the help of MATLAB program

THEORY:
The effectiveness of vibration isolation is measured in terms of ratio called
Transmissibility. Force transmissibility is defined as the ratio of amplitude of force
transmitted to that of the excitation force. In similar way motion transmissibility is
the ratio of amplitude of displacement transmitted to that of the displacement
applied. The lesser the force or motion transmitted, greater is the isolation in the
system.

Fo sin
wt

Fo sin wt =kx +m x
Fo =k x o ; F T =kx

TR=

TR=

1
1r 2

F T xT
=
F o xo

CODE:
r=0:0.01:4;
TR=1-(r.^2);
TR=TR.^-1;
plot(r,TR);
grid on;
axis([0,4,-5,10]);
hold on, plot([sqrt(2),sqrt(2)],[-5,10]);
hold on, plot([0,4],[-1,-1]);

CONCLUSIONS:

When the machine is mounted directly n the foundation (k -> , wn -> , r


-> ) then TR=1. This means amplitude of force transmitted equals the
amplitude of excitation force.

When r= 2 , TR = -1. It means mounting the machine on the spring makes


no difference.

When r is between 0 and

When r>

, TR>1, spring makes the matter worse.

, TR<1. This means applying spring is beneficial in isolating the

system from vibrations.

INDEX
S.
No

Experiment

Date

Pag
e

To plot the graph between Transmissibility Ratio


(TR) and frequency ratio ( r ) for different values
of zeta with the help of MATLAB program

7/4/201
5

To plot the graph between Transmissibility Ratio


(TR) and frequency ratio ( r ) for vibration
isolation without damper with the help of
MATLAB program

7/4/201
5

Sign