0 Stimmen dafür0 Stimmen dagegen

84 Aufrufe162 SeitenDC

Jan 27, 2016

© © All Rights Reserved

DOC, PDF, TXT oder online auf Scribd lesen

DC

© All Rights Reserved

Als DOC, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

84 Aufrufe

DC

© All Rights Reserved

Als DOC, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- SPM 2007 Mathematics P2
- Add Math Spm - English
- 2. Quadratic Equations
- Section 3.2 Page 157 to 167
- 9 Math LM_U1.M2.v1.0
- Chapter 3- Quadratc Functions(Pearl™)
- Dues Lesson Plan
- DLL Grade 9 Math-Completing the Squares
- Intense Study Plan
- MAT495_Chapter 10
- k-12 math 10 m1 quad fxns
- Matemtica y Basketbol
- AMCAT & NAC
- Indices Surds Transformations Quadratics Circles
- Quadratic equation.docx
- 03PC11 Chapter03 8th D
- SPM Trial 2009 AddMath Q&A (Sabah)
- Quadratic equation
- Lesson Plan - b Name: Barry Lewis Subject of Lesson:
- observation 2 lesson 17 4

Sie sind auf Seite 1von 162

TAMBAHAN

MAAHAD TAHFIZ NEGERI PAHANG, 26060

KUANTAN

NAMA :

.

.

KELAS : ................................................

JANUARI 2016

2

CONTENT

TOPIC

1. FUNCTIONS

2. QUADRATIC

EQUATIONS

3. QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS

4. SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

5. INDICES AND LOGARITMA

6. COORDINATES GEOMETRY

7. CIRCULAR MEASURES

8. STATISTICS

9. DIFFERENTIATION

10.SOLUTIONS OF TRIANGLES

11.NUMBER INDEXS

PAGE

23

22

35

51

53

66

85

97

100

121

139

FUNCTIONS ( CHAPTER 1 )

3

1.

P = { 1, 2, 3}

Q = {2, 4, 6, 7,

ordered pairs

{ (1, 4), (1, 6), (2, 6), (3, 7) }.

State

(a) the

(b) the

(c) the

(d) the

(e) the

(f) the

2.

image of 1,

object of 4,

domain,

codomain,

range,

type of relation

P = { 2, 4, 6}

Q = {2, 3, 6, 7,

of ordered pairs

{ (2, 2), (4, 2), (6, 7) }.

State

(a) the

(b) the

(c) the

(d) the

(e) the

(f) the

image of 4,

objects of 2,

domain,

codomain,

range,

type of relation

e

f

g

Set P

Set Q

(a) the

(b) the

(c) the

(d) the

(e) the

(f) the

image of g

objects of x,

domain,

codomain,

range,

type of relation

, find

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

f (0)

f (3)

f(-2)

f(4)

f(-3)

g : x x 2 3 x , find

a) g (0)

b) g (2)

c) g (4)

d) g (-3)

e) g (-1)

a)h (0)

b) h (1)

1

c) h ( )

2

d) h(-3)

1

e) h (

)

4

h:x

6

, find

3 4x

4

3.

value of x if

f(x) = 17.

x =5

4. Given that f : x 2 x 10 ,

g : x 4 x 2 , find the value of x if

f(x) = g(x).

value of x if f(x) = 4.

x = -1

5. Given f : x 3 x 9 ,

g : x x 7 , find the value of x if

f(x) = 3 g(x).

the value of y if g(y) = 2y + 4.

y=6

values of x if f (x) = x2.

x = 4 , -2

x = -6

x=5

values of y if g (y) = 45 .

the values of p if g(p) = - 5p .

the values of

y if g (y) = 6 .

y = -2 , 2

x = -5 , 5

p = 1/2 , -3

5

f : x 2 x 5 and

g : x x 2 , find

a) the value of x if

b) the value of y if

c) the value of p if

d) the value of x if

f(x) =

g(y) =

f(p) =

f(x) =

f : x 3 x 4 and

g : x 2 x , find

7

2y - 3

g(p)

g(x)

x = 6, y = 5, p = 7, x = 1

b) the value of k if g(k) = 3k - 4

c) the value of x if 2 f(x) = g(x)

d) the values of y jika f(y) = y2

and

g : x 12 4 x , find

a) the image of 3 that is mapped by

f.

b) the values of x if f(x) = x,

c) the values of y if f(y) = g(y).

9, x = 0, 1 ; y = 6, -2

6

4.

g : x 3x ,

find f g(1) .

g : x 1 3x ,

find gf(3).

g : x x 2 , find gf(4).

and

g : x 4 x 1 , find

a) f g(1)

(b) gf(1)

f : x 3 x 7 and

g : x 4 2 x , find

a) f g(0)

(b) gf(0)

g : x 2 x 2 , find

(a) fg(-2)

(b) gf(-2)

7

5.

3. Given that g : x 2 x 1 ,

gg(3) .

evaluate g 2(3).

f(0) .

f(1) .

8. Diberi f : x 2 x 2 4 x 3 . Nilaikan

gg(-2).

f 2(0) .

(2) .

(1).

6.

1. Given

f : x 2x 3 ,

f(x)

thus (a)

7.

f(2)

2 Given

= 2x + 3

=

(b)

f(a)

(c)

f(p)

(d)

f(2k) =

(e)

f(x2)

(f)

f(-x2 ) =

(g)

f( - 3x)

thus

4 Given

g(-1)

(b)

g(2x)

(c)

g(x-1) =

(d)

g(3x) =

(d)

g(-x) =

(e)

g(x2) =

(e)

g(x2) =

g (3+2x) =

(f)

g (1+2x) =

g (2)

(b)

g(a)

(c)

g(s)

(g)

thus

g : x 2( x 2) ,

g(x) =

(a)

(a)

(f)

=

g : x 2 4x .

g(x) =

=

=

g(2 4x) =

g : x 4x ,

find fg(x) .

g : x 5 x , find the composite

function gf .

and

g : x 2 x 1 , find

(a) fg(x)

(b) gf(x)

9

4. Given that f : x 3 x 4 and

g : x 5 2x ,

find

(a)f g

(b) gf

function f 2.

g : x 2 x 2 , find the composite

functions

(a)fg

(b) gf

8. Given that g : x

1

x , find g 2(x).

2

g : x 1 x 2 , find the composite

function

(a)fg

(b) gf

9. Given that h : x

function f 2.

2

, find the

x2

10

8.

1

.

g 1 .

g1.

1

.

1

.

6. Given that g : x 3

find g1 .

1

.

8. Given that g : x 3

g

1

(x).

3x 2

, find g

6

1

3

x , find

4

(x).

x2

, find f

4x 2

(x).

g1 (x).

1

x ,

2

2x 5

, find f

4

2x

, find

4 x

11

9.

value of

f 1(3).

value of

g1(2).

the value of

f 1(-5).

the value of

g1 (5).

value of

f 1 (10).

value of

g1(2).

7. Given that g : x

the value of

g1(4).

1

x , find

2

8. Given that f : x

value of

f 1 ( -1 ).

4

, find the

x3

9. Diberi g : x

g-1(-1).

3

, cari nilai

2 x

12

10. Finding the other related component function when given a composite function and one of its component function ( Method 1)

1. Given the functions f : x 2x 3

and

fg : x 2x + 3, find the function g .

Answer :

gf : x 2x , find the function f .

Answer :

and

fg : x 6x + 1, find the function

g.

Answer :

and

gf : x 6x + 7 , find the function f .

Answer :

and

fg : x 2 2x , find the function g,.

Answer :

pq : x 4 2x , find the function q.

Answer :

and

gf : x 6 + 4x2, find the function f

.

Answer :

and

hg : x 1 3x2, find the function g.

Answer :

and

hf : x 7 9x2 , find the function

f.

Answer :

13

METHOD 2

1. Given the functions f : x 2x - 3

and

gf: x 2x , find the function g,.

Answer :

and

fg : x 2x + 3 , find the function f.

Answer :

and

gf : x 6x + 7, find the function g,.

Answer :

and

fg : x 6x + 1 , find the function

f.

Answer :

and

gf : x 4 2x , find the function g,.

Answer :

and

fg : x 2 2x , find the function f.

Answer :

and

gf : x 1 - 3x , find the function

and

gf : x 5 + 16x + 16x2, find the

14

g,.

function g,.

Answer :

Answer :

1. The following information refer to the set A and set B.

Set A = { -3 ,- 2 , 2 , 3 }

p ,where k and p are constants, find the value of k and of p.

Set B = { 4, 9 }

The relations between set A and set B is defined by the

set of ordered

pair { ( -3 , 9 ) , ( -2 , 4 ) , ( 2 , 4 ) ,( 3 , 9 )

a) State the type of relations

b) Using the functions notation, write a relation between

set A and set B

K=

= -3

3.

Given the functions f : x x + 4 and fg : x 2x 3 ,

find

a) g(x)

b) the value of x when gf(x) = 5

1

2

2x 3

4. Given the inverse functions f-1(x) =

, find the value of

2

a) f (4)

1

b) k if f-1(2k) =

2

15

[ f(4) = 11/2 , k = 1 ]

[ g(x) = 2x-7 , x = 2]

, where a and b are constants. Find

a) f2(x)

b) the value of a and b such that if f2(x) = g(x)

P = { -3 ,- 2 ,-1, 0, 1, 2 }

Q = {-1, 0, 1, 2, 3 }

Based on the above information, the relation between P and Q

is defined by the set of ordered pairs { (-2, 1), (-1,0), (0,1),

(1,2),(2,3) }. State

a) the image of 2

b) the object of 0

[ f2(x) = 16x 5 , a = 8 , b= 5 ]

7. The function f is defined by f : x kx2 + p and the

function g is defined by

g : x 1 + 2x. Given the

composite fg : x x2 + x + 6, find the values of k and p.

h

h maps y to z. f

y

x

z

3

7

State

a) f-1(3)

11

16

[k=

p = 23/4 ]

b) hf(7)

10. The following information is about the function h and the

inverse

function h-1.

4

,x k.

9. The function g-1(x) =

2x 1

a) State the value of k

b) Find g(x)

h : x 4 + ax and h-1 : x

2

+ 2bx

3

, where

, g(x) =

[ k=

4 x

,x 0]

2x

Find the values of a and b.

[ a = -6 , b = -1/12]

Find

g(x) = 3 x2 . Find

f(-2)

a) h(x)

b) the value of hf(-2)

[

h(x) = x2 + 7x + 11

[7]

-1 ]

such that

f(x) = 7

f:x

2x 3

f : x 2x + 1

g : x 3x 2

Find

a) f-1(5)

b) gf-1(5)

`

17

[ a) 2

b) 4 ]

[ x = 5 or, -2 ]

f-1 : x x 1 and

b) The values of x if

gf : x 3x2 2 , find

a) h(3)

b) the values of x which maps onto itself by h(x)

g(x) + 3 = x

[ g(x) =

3x2 6x + 1

, x = 1, 4/3 ]

[ h(3) = 33

, x = 0 or -2 ]

SPM QUESTIONS

1.

P={ 1,2,3}

Q = { 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 }

ditakrifkan oleh

set pasangan bertertib { (1 , 2) , ( 1 , 4 ), ( 2 , 6 ) , (2 , 8

) }.

Nyatakan

c) Imej bagi 1

d) Objek bagi 2

2. ( SPM 03 , P1, Q2 )

Diberi g : x 5x + 1 dan h : x x2 2x + 3, carikan

a) g-1 (3)

b) hg(x)

a)

25x2 + 2

2

5

b)

18

d

5

, dengan

8

keadan m dan k adalah pemalar, carikan nilai m dan nilai k.

e

f

x

Set P

Set Q

Nyatakan

a) Julat hubungan itu,

b) Jenis hubungan itu

m = -5/2 k = 1/8

5. ( SPM 04, P1 , Q3 )

Diberi fungsi

h(x) =

6

x

,x

a) g (x)

b) nilai x apabila gh(x) = 5

2

[ g(x) =

, x 0 , x = 15 ]

x

7. ( SPM 05, P1, Q1 )

Dalam Rajah 1, fungsi h memetakan x kepada y dan fungsi g

memetakan y kepada z.

5

2x

, x 2

a) w-1 (x)

b) w-1 (4)

2x 5

,x 0

x

[ w-1(x) =

,

3

4

Maklumat berikut adalah berkaitan dengan fungsi h dan fungsi

h : x 2x 3

g : x 4x - 1

19

g.

z

8

Tentukan

a) h-1(5)

b) gh(2)

gh-1(x) = 2x + 5

9.

Given the function f : x 3 x 2 and

g:x

x

1 , find

5

(a) f 1 (x) ,

(b) f 1 g(x) ,

(c) h(x) such that hg(x) = 2x + 6 .

10.

Diagram 2 shows the function h : x

x 0 , where m is a constant.

x

mx

x

1

2

Diagram 2

m x

,

x

20

(a)

x 15

(c) 10x 4

15

11. (SPM 07, P1, Q1)

Diagram show the linear function h.

x

x2

3

(b)

m=4

Given the function f : x x 3 , find the values of x such that

h(x)

(a) f(x) = 5

(b) f(x) < 5

1

2

4

0

1

m

(b) Using the function notation, express h in terms of x.

(a) m = 3

(b) h : x x + 1

13. (SPM 2008, P1, Q1)

Diagram 1 shows the graph of

0 x 5.

y

State

Given the functions g :

find

(a) g-1 (6)

(b) hg(x)

y = f(x)

(a) x = 8,

-2

x 5x 2

and h : x x 2 4 x 3 ,

21

(a) the value of t,

(b) the range of f(x) corresponding to the given domain.

(a)

(b) 0 f ( x) 9

15. (SPM 2008, P1 , Q3)

Given the functions f(x) = x 1 and g(x) = kx + 2,

find

1

2

(a) 4/5 or

0.8

Diagram shows the relation between set X and set Y in the

graph form

s

r

(a) f(5),

(b) the value of k such that gf(k) = 14.

Set Yq

p

2

4

Set X

State

a) the objects of q

b) the codomain of the relation

(a) 4

b) 4, -3

(a) 2 or 6

Given the functions

g : x 2x 3 and h : x 4x, find

a) hg(x)

b) the value of x if hg(x) =

1

g(x)

2

(b) { p, q , r , s }

Given the function g : x 3x 1 , find

a) g(2)

b) the value of p when g-1 (p) = 11

22

[ hg(x) = 8x 12

, x = 3/2 ]

[ g(2) = 5 , p = 32 ]

Diagram shows the relation between set X and set Y in the

graph form

s

r

Set Yq

p

a) g-1(x)

b) hg-1(9)

Given the functions

g : x 2x + 1 and h : x 3x + 6,

find

State

a) the relation in the form of ordered pairs

b) the type of the relation

c) the range of the ralation

Set X

x 1

2

; 18 ]

Given the functions

, find

The value of hg(10)

to one c) { p, r , s }

g 1

g:xx8

and h : x

x

2

,x

3x 2

3

1

]

2

1. Determine if 3 is a root of the

equation 2x2 x 15 = 0.

equation 4x2 + 2x 2 = 0.

equation

x2 2x + 3 = 0.

23

x2 2kx + 12 = 0 , find k.

quadratic equation 2x2 + 3x + k =

0, find the value of k and p.

quadratic equation px2 4x + 3p

8 = 0, find p.

L1. Solve

x2 4x 5 = 0.

L2. Solve x ( 1 + x) = 6.

1) = 6.

Ans :

Ans : 1 , 5

3,2

x=

24

Solve (x 3)2 = 1.

Ans : 2, 4

Ans : 5 , 5

Ans :

3

2

or

x= 2

1, 3/2

Ans : , 1

Ans : 3 , 3

Ans : 2 , 9/2

Solve x2 + 4x 5 = 0 by method

of completing the square.

L1. Solve x2 + 4x + 3 = 0 by

method of completing the square.

your answers correct to 4 significant

figures.

25

x = -5 or

x = 1

(Ans :

1, 3)

Ans : 7.317, 0.6834

Solve x2 2x 9 = 0 by

completing the square, give your

answers correct to 4 significant

figures.

your answers correct to 4 significant

figures.

Ans :

answer correct to 4 significant figures.

2.212 , 4.162

your answer correct to 4 significant

figures.

your answer correct to 4 significant

figures.

correct to two decimal places.

26

(Ans : 0.7016, -5.702)

correct to two decimal places.

Solve

- x2 7x + 3 = 0 by

completing the square.

correct to 4 significant figures.

two decimal places.

3 x2 = - 3(4x 3) correct to two

decimal places.

b 4ac

2a

2

formula, give your answer correct to

two decimal places.

27

(Ans: 0.52 , 11.48 )

(Ans : 1.28, -0.78)

2

Give your answer correct to

4

significant figures.

x(x 4) = (3 x )(x + 3). Give your

answer correct to two decimal places.

formula, qive your answer correct to

two decimal places.

(Ans : 4.449 , -0.4495)

1. Find the quadratic equation with

roots -3 dan 5.

roots 0 dan - 3.

roots - dan 6.

28

Ans : x2 2x 15 = 0

Ans : x2 + 3x = 0

quadratic equation 3x2 + kx + p 2 =

0 are 4 and

- . Find k and p.

equation

x2 + (h 2)x + 2k = 0 are 4 and -2 .

Find h and k.

quadratic equation 2x2 + (3 k)x + 8p

= 0 are p and 2p , p 0. Find k and

p.

(Ans : h = 0, k = -4)

1.

b2 4ac > 0

Q.E. has two distinct roots. The Graph y = f(x) cuts the x-axis at TWO distinct points.

(Ans: p = 2, k = 15)

29

y=f(x)

a>

0

y=f(x)

a<

0

2.

b2 4ac = 0

Q.E. has real and equal roots. The graph y = f(x) touches the x-axis [ The x-axis is the tangent to the curve]

y=f(x)

a>

0

y=f(x)

a<

0

<

3.

b2 4ac

0

Q.E. does not have real roots. Graph y = f(x) does not touch x-axis.

y=f(x)

Graph is above

a>

0

y=f(x)

a<

0

negative.

1.Find the range of k if the quadratic

equation 2x2 x = k has real and

px has equal roots. Find the possible

equation 2x2 + 4x + 5 + p = 0 has

30

distinct roots.

values of p.

equation x2 + px = 2p does not have

real roots.

p

q

7. Given

and

are roots of the

2

2

equation kx(x 1) = m 4x. If p + q

= 4 and pq = - 5, find the values of k

real roots.

2x2 + 8 = (k 3)x are real and

different. Determine the range of values

of k.

8

Given 2 and m are roots of the

equation (2x 1)(x + 3) = k (x 1), with

k as a constant, find k and m.

[4]

(Ans : p - 3 )

quadratic equation x2 + 2kx + k + 6

= 0 has equal roots.

( Ans : k -2 , 3 )

9.

Show that the straight line y =

2 x does not meet the curve

2x2 y2 + k = 0 if k > 8.

[3]

31

and m

[5]

( k = -4 , m = -5 )

( k = 15 , m = 3 )

line y = 2x + k does not intersect the

curve

x2 + y2 6 = 0.

[5]

11.

he quadratic equation

2x2 + px + q = 0 has roots -2 and 3.

Find the value of p anf q so that

2x2 + px + q = k has real roots.

which the equation x2 + kx + 2k 3 =

0 has no real roots.

[3]

( p = -2 , q = -12 ; k

(k < -5.477 atau k > 5.477)

- 12.5 )

( 2 <k <6 )

32

1 . One of the roots of the equation 9x 2 + 3x + k = 0 is

two times the other root, find the possible value of k.

2

.

3

Give your answer in the form of ax2 + bx + c = 0, where a, b

and c are constant.

2.

[ k = 2/9 ]

[ 3x2 + 10x 8 = 0 ]

3.

1

. Give your answer in the form of ax 2 + bx + c = 0,

2

where a, b and c are constant.

4. Given that

1

is one of the roots of the quadratic equation

p

px2 + 7x 2p

[ p = 2 or -2 ]

[ 2x2 11x 6 = 0 ]

2 ), find

a) the sum of roots

b) the product of roots.

find the range of values of k.

33

[ k > -2 ]

[ -4/3

7.

2/3 ]

Give your answer correct to four significant figures.

1) .

Give your answer correct to three decimal places.

[ x = 8.531 , 0.4689 ]

[ x = 0.928 , -5.928 ]

equation 15 px = 2x2 .

Find the values of p.

general form.

[p=7]

[ 2x2 4x 1 = 0 ]

x 2 2x

8x2 + 12x + 7 = p has two different roots.

12.

[ p > 5 /2 ]

[ -1 < x < 3 ]

intersects the straight line x + 2y = p , where p is a

constant. Find the range of values of p.

27 = 0 is the square of the other root.

a) Find the value of p

b) State the roots of the quadratic equation

< 3.

34

-8 <

x < 8 ]

[ p=6

, x = -3 , 9 ]

35

SPM QUESTIONS

1.

( SPM 03 , P1, Q3)

Selesaikan persamaan kuadratik 2x ( x 4 ) = ( 1 x ) ( x

+ 2 ). Tuliskan jawapan anda betul kepada empat angka

bererti.

2.

( SPM 03, P1, Q4)

Persamaan kuadratik x ( x + 1 ) = px 4 mempunyai dua

punca berbeza. Carikan julat nilai p.

( p < -3 or p > 5 )

( 2.591 , -0.2573 )

3.

( SPM 04, P1, Q4 )

Bentukkan persamaan kuadratik yang mempunyai puncapunca -3 dan .

Berikan jawapan anda dalam bentuk ax2 + bx + c = 0,

dengan keadaan a, b, dan c adalah pemalar.

Cari julat nilai x bagi x ( x 4 ) 12.

( -2 x 6 )

( 2x2+ 5x 3 = 0 )

5. (SPM 05 , P1 , Q4 )

Garis lurus y = 5x 1 tidak bersilang dengan lengkung y =

2x2 + x + p. Carikan julat niilai p.

Selesaikan persamaan kuadratik x ( 2x 5 ) = 2x 1 . Berikan

jawapan anda betul kepada tiga tempat perpuluhan.

(3.153 , 0.149 )

( p> 1 )

Suatu persamaan kuadratik x2 + px + 9 = 2x mempunyai

dua punca sama.

Carikan nilai-nilai p yang mungkin.

8.

(SPM 06 , P1, Q5 )

Cari julat nilai x bagi ( 2x 1 )( x + 4 ) > 4 + x

36

( x < -4

or x > 1 )

( p = 8 or -4 )

9.

(SPM 07 , P1, Q4 )

a) Solve the following quadratic equation : 3x 2 + 5x 2

=0

10.

(SPM 07 , P1, Q5 )

Find the range of values of x for which

2x 2

1 + x

k are constants, has two equal roots. Express h in terms of k.

( -1/2

( x = or -2 , h = k2/12 )

11.

(SPM 08 , P1, Q4 )

It is given that -1 is one of the roots of the quadratic

equation x2 4x p

= 0, find the values of p.

1)

12.

(SPM 09 , P1, Q4 )

The quadratic equation x2 + x = 2px p2 , where p is

constant, has two different roots. Find the range of values of

p.

[ p =-3 ]

[ p < ]

The quadratic equation x2 5x + 6 = 0 has roots h and k,

where h > k.

a) Find

37

i)

ii)

the range of x if x2 5x + 6 > 0

[ 5 marks ]

b) Using the values of h and k from 13 (a) , form the

quadratic equation which has roots h + 2 and 3k 2 .

[ 2 marks ]

[ h=3 ,k

=2

, x < 2 or x > 3 ]

No.

1.

Function

f(x) = x2

f(x) = ax2 + c ,

Minimum value of

Corresponding

Minimum

value of x

Point

x=0

(0, 0)

a>0

(Sketched) Graph

2.

y = x2 + 3

3.

g(x) = x2 - 5

(0, -4 )

38

y

h(x) = 10x2 + 1

4.

p(x) = 4 + 2x2

5.

y

x

f(x) = a (x

+ p) + q , a > 0

No.

Function

Minimum value of

Corresponding

Minimum

value of x

Point

1.

f(x) = (x 1)2 + 2

2.

(x 1)2 = 0

x=1

(1, 2)

(x 2)2 = 0

x=

(Sketched) Graph

(1,2

xx

x

O

39

3.

h(x) = (x 1)2 - 3

y

x

4.

(x 2)2

5.

x

O

6.

x

O

x

O

7.

f(x) = 2 + (x + 1)2

x

O

40

8.

f(x) = 1 + 2 (x 3)2

x

2

3. To state the Maximum Value of a Quadratic Function in the form f(x) = ax + c , a < 0

Maximum value of

Corresponding

Maximum

No.

Function

y

value of x

Point

(Sketched) Graph

1.

f(x) = - x2

x=0

(0, 0)

y

O

2.

g(x) = - x2 + 4

y

4

3.

p(x) = 9 - x2

41

4.

f(x) = -2x2 + 3

y

x

O

2

g(x) = - x - 1

5.

y

x

4.

To state the Maximum Value of a Quadratic Function in the form. f(x) = a (x + p)2 + q , a < 0

No.

1.

Function

f(x) = (x 1)2 + 2

Maximum value of

Corresponding

Maximum

value of x

Point

(x 1)2 = 0

x=1

(Sketched) Graph

(1, 2)

y

2.

x

O

42

3.

h(x) = - (x 1)2 - 3

x

O

4.

x

O

5.

f(x) = 2 - (x + 1)2

x

O

f(x) = a (x + p)2 + q and state the equation of the axis of

symmetry

Case I :

a > 0 Shape of Graph is

atau

No.

Function

1.

f(x) = (x 1)2 + 2

Min. Point : (1, 2)

Axis of Symmetry :

x=1

Sketched Graph

Function

f(x) = (x 1)2 + 4

Min. Point. : ( , )

Axis of Symmetry : x =

Sketched Graph

y

O

(1,2

)

O

43

2.

f(x) = (x + 2)2 + 1

Min. Point. :

Axis of Symmetry :

f(x) = (x + 1)2 + 2

Min. Point. :

Axis of Symmetry :

x=

(-2,1)

3.

f(x) = (x+3)2

Min. Point :

Axis of Symmetry :

No.

1.

a<0

Function

f(x) = - (x 1)2 + 2

Max.Point : (1, 2)

Axis of Symmetry :

x=1

f(x) = (x+4)2

Min. Point :

Axis of Symmetry :

Case 2 :

Shape of Graph :

or

Sketched Graph

Function

f(x) = - (x + 1)2 + 4

Max.Point:

Axis of Symmetry :

y

(1,

Sketched Graph

2)

O

x

O

44

f(x) = - (x 3)2 + 1

Max.Point :

Axis of Symmetry :

2.

f(x) = - 2(x 1)

Max.Point:

Axis of Symmetry :

f(x) = - (x 3)2

Max.Point :

Axis of Symmetry :

f(x) = 5 - (x 2)2

Max.Point :

Axis of Symmetry :

4.

f(x) = 3 - (x 1)2

Max.Point. :

Axis of Symmetry :

3.

f(x) = - x 2 + 2

Max. Point :

Axis of Symmetry :

6. To express Quadratic Functions f(x) = ax2 + bx + c in the form a(x+ p)2 + q : Method of COMPLETING THE SQUARE

1.

f(x) = x + 4x + 3

2.

g(x)

= x - 6x - 7

(x + 2)2 - 1

4.

y=

x + x - 6

O

2

3.

h(x) = x

- 4x

( x - 2 )2 - 4

(x 3)2 - 16

5.

y =

x + x - 6

6.

= x + 3x + 2

45

(x + )2 - 25/4

7.

y = 2x - 6x + 3

(x + )2 - 25/4

8.

g(x) = 3x - 12x + 10

(x + 3/2)2 -

9.

h(x) = 2x

+ 6x - 5

2 x

7. Quafratic Function

the graph y = f(x)

Case1

19

2

3(x 2)2 - 2

y=f(x)

a>

0

x

y=f(x)

a<

0

46

Case 2

b2 4ac

y=f(x)

a>

0

Case 3

a<

0

y=f(x)

y=f(x)

a>

0

always positive.

y=f(x)

a<

0

always negative.

1. Show that the function 4x 2x 2

5

is always negative for all values of

x.

is always positive for all values of x.

y = 9 + 4x2 12x touches the

x-axis.

quarritic function f(x) = x2 + px 2p

cuts the x-axis at TWO different points.

f(x) = 2x2 + (3 k)x + 8 does not

touch the x-axis. Determine the range

the quadratic function y = x2 + 2kx +

k + 6 touches the x-axis.

47

of k.

p < -8 , p > 0

k = -3 , k = 2

-5 < k < 11

range

of x so that f(x) is positive.

(b) Find the range of x which

satisfy the

inequality (x 1)2 > x 1

x > 2 )

3) 4x + 1

(b) Solve 5 + m2 > 9 3m.

m > 1

(b) x < 1,

2) 15

(b) State the range of x if 5x >

2 3x2.

(a) x -5 , x 3

-2 , x > 1/3

(b) x <

1. Express f(x) = x2 - 4x + 3 in

the form

(x + p)2 + q; with p and

q as constants. Hence

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

f(x) and the corresponding

value of x,

Sketch the graph of y = f(x)

and state the equation of the

axis of symmetry.

the form

a (x + p)2 + q. Hence

constant) has a minimum value 4.

and state the coressponding value of

x,

b) Sketch the graph of y = f(x) and

state the equation of the axis of

symmetry.

determine the TWO positive values of

k

b) Sketch the graph of y = f(x) for the

bigger value of k and state the

equation of the axis of symmetry.

48

k = 1 or

k=4

4. Express f(x) = - x - 8x + 9 in

the form

- (x + p)2 + q. Hence

2 (x+1)2 - 5

5. Express f(x) = 5 8x - 2x2 in the

6.

Given y = h + 4kx 2x2 = q

2

form

q - a (x + p) . hence

2(x + p)2

and state the coressponding value of

x,

b) Sketch the graph of y = f(x) and

state the equation of the axis of

symmetry.

and state the coressponding value of

x,

b) Sketch the graph of y = f(x) and

state the equation of the axis of

symmetry.

p = -2 , q = - 1

2

k.

b) If h = -10 and k = 3,

State the equation of the axis of

symmetry,

Sketch the graph of y = f(x)

49

p = 4 , q = 25

13 2 (x+2)2

(Ans : p = -k , q = 2k2 + h ; axissymmetri : x = 3)

1. ( SPM 03, P2, Q2 )

Fungsi

f(x) = x2 4kx + 5k2 + 1 mempunyai nilai

maksimum r2 + 2k, dengan keadaan r dan k ialah pemalar.

a) Dengan menggunakan kaedah menyempurnakan

kuasa dua, tunjukkan bahawa r = k -1.

b) Seterusnya atau dengan kaedah lain, carikan nilai k

dan nilai dan nilai r jika graf bagi fungsi itu bersimetri

pada x = r2 1

2.

(SPM 04 , P1, Q6 )

Rajah 2 menunjukkan graf bagi fungsi

dengan keadaan k adalah pemalar.

y

0

-3

y = - ( x k ) 2 2,

( 2 ,-3

)

50

Carikan

a) nilai k,

b) persamaan paksi simetri

c) Koordinat titik maksimum

( r = 3 or -1 k = 4 or 0 )

Rajah 2 menunjukkan graf kuadratik f(x) = 3 ( x + p ) 2 + 2,

dengan keadaan p ialah pemalar.

y

Rajah 3 menunjukkan suatu graf fungsi kuadratik y = f(x). Garis

lurus y = - 4 ialah tangent kepada lengkung y = f(x).

y

y=

f(x)

y=

f(x)

(1 ,

q)

x

0

Lengkung y = f(x) mempunyai titik minimum ( 1, q ) dengan

keadaan q ialah pemalar. Nyatakan

a) nilai p,

b) nilai q,

c) persamaan paksi simertri

5.

(SPM 07 , P1, Q5 )

Find the range of values of x for which

( -1/2

2x 2

1 + x

0 1

y = -4

a) Tuliskan persamaan paksi simetri lengkung itu

b) Ungkapkan f(x) dalam bentuk ( x + b)2 + c, dengan

keadaan b dan c ialah pemalar

6.

(SPM 07 , P1, Q6 )

The quadratic function f(x) = x2 + 2x 4 , can be expressed in

the form

f(x) = ( x + m )2 n , where a m and n are

constants. Find the value of m and of n .

1)

[m =1 .n=5]

51

7.

(SPM 08 , P1, Q5 )

The quadratic function f(x) = p ( x + p ) 2 + r, where p, q and

r are constants, has a minimum value of -4. The equation of

the axis of symmetry is x = 3.

State

a) The range of values of p

b) The value of q

c) The value of r

8.

(SPM 08 , P1, Q6 )

Find the range of the values of x for ( x 3 ) 2 < 5 x .

[1 < x < 4]

9.

(SPM 09 , P1, Q5 )

Diagram shows the graph of a quadratic function f(x) = - ( x

p )2 +q, where p and q are constant.

y

( -3 , 0

x

0

)

10.

(SPM 09 , P1, Q6 )

The quadratic function f(x) = -x2 + 4x + a2, where a is a

constant, has maximum value 8. Find the values of a.

( 0 ,-9

)

y = f(x)

State

a) The value of p,

b) The equation of the axis of symmetry

[ a = -2 or 2 ]

Diagram below shows the curve of a quadratic function f(x)

= -x2 + kx 5 . The curve has a maximum point at B( 2 , p )

and intercepts that f(x)-axis at point A.

O

f(x)

B

( 2 ,p )

Diagram below shows the curve of a quadratic function y =

f(x)

y

x

5

-1

y=

f(x)

3

52

State

a) State the coordinate of A.

[ 1 marks ]

b) By using the method of completing the square , find

the value of k and of p.

[ 4 marks ]

c) Determine the range of values of x , if f(x) -5

[ 2 marks ]

= -1

c)

0 x4

A( 0 , -5 )

, b) k = 4

,p

b) The equation of the axis of symmetry of the curve

[ 3 marks ]

[ x = -1 , x = 3 , axis symmetry

x=1]

13.

(SPM 10 , P1, Q5 )

The quadratic function ( 1 p )-x2 - 6x + 10, where p is a

constant, has two difference roots . Find the range of values

of p.

14.

(SPM 10 , P1, Q6 )

The quadratic function f(x) = -x2 + 4x 3 can be expressed in

the form of

f(x) = -(x 2 )2 + k , where a is k constant.

a)

Find the value of k

b)

Sketch the graph of the function f(x) on the given axes.

53

f(x)

O

[ p > 1/10 ]

[ k =1 ]

1. ( SPM 00, P2, Q1 )

Solve the simultaneous equations

Solve the simultaneous equations :

3x 5 = 2y

x+y3

y(x + y) = x(x + y) 5

x2 + y2 xy

21

54

( x=

(x=3 y=2)

1, y = 4 ; x = 4, y = 1 )

Solve the simultaneous equations :

4x + y

x2 + x y

Solve the simultaneous equations p m = 2 and p 2 + 2m =

8. Give your answers correct to three decimal places .

= 8

=

( x=

2,y=0 ; x= 3,y=4)

( m = 0.606, p = 2.606 ;

m = 6.606 , p = 4.606 )

5.

10 = 2x

1

y 1 and y2

2

Solve the simultaneous equations 2x + y = 1 and 2x 2 + y2

+ xy = 5. Give your answers correct to three decimal places

.

55

( x=

( x = 1.618, y = 2.236

4,y=3 ; x= ,y=3)

, x = 0.618, y = 0.236)

7.

8.

x 3y + 4 = 0

x2 + xy 40 = 0

( x

( x = 5,

= 3,y=3 ; x=1,y= 1)

y=3 ;

x = - 6 , y = - 2/3 )

Solve the simultaneous equations

k 3p = 1 and p + pk

2k = 0 . Give your answers correct to three decimal

places.

Solve the simultaneous equations x 2y = 7 and xy x =

9y . Give the answers correct to two decimal places.

( p = 1.577 or

0.423 , k = 3. 731 or 0.269 )

Basic formulae that must be remember

56

am

an =

am a n =

am + n

(am)n

am n

a0 =

amn

a m

(ab)m =

1

am

am b m

a.

e)

i)

m)

53 X 5 4 =

23 =

2 4

5n 3 53n 1

9n 2

31 n 271 n

b.

f)

j)

n)

2x

23x =

( 73) -2 =

2 2 n 1 23n 1

3 3n 1

c)

g)

k)

o)

23

X 53 =

(33)-2 X 32

n 1 3

72n

2n 2n 1

1

24

d)

a a

h)

2 n 1 8n 1

ab

3 2

l)

p)

a 4b

a 3b

5n 1 5n 5n 1

57

a)

3x = 81

b)

e)

4x = 32

f)

27x = 9

i)

271 x = 92x

j)

2 82x

m)

q)

x+1

= 64

5( 4-x ) = 80

n)

r)

2x = 32

1

3

c)

g)

= 16x + 3

2 x 1

81

64(163x) = 1

k)

4x = 64

8x

d)

= 16x 3

16 42x 3

x

1

16

o)

4x 3

s)

3x-1 = 9x

= 322

8x

= 16

h)

4x+2 = 32x - 1

l)

251 3x = 5

125x

p)

t)

4x+1 = 8x

x+2

= 27

1x

58

No.

Index Form

1.

102 = 100

2.

23

3.

pq

Logaritmic Form

Index Form

Logaritmic Form

11.

log3

= 8

12.

loga

= r

13.

log2

32

4.

104 = 10000

14.

log3 (xy)

5.

a3

= b

15.

logy

10x

6.

81

= 34

16.

log10 100y

17.

logp

7.

m = pk

8.

2x

9.

v =

10.

log10 100 = 2

No.

= y

10x

64 = 43

18.

Log5 125 = 3

19.

1

= log8 2

3

20.

Logy 5 = -3

loga ax : =

IMPORTANT

59

1.

log10 1000 = 3

6.

log p

p8

11.

log a

a2

2.

log2

7.

log m

m-1

12.

logm

1

m2

3.

log10

0.01

8.

log a

13.

log p

4.

log 4

64

9.

loga

14.

log b bk

5.

log p

10.

log p (pp2) =

15.

log p

32

1

a4

p-5

Laws of Logaritm

x

+ loga y

= loga x

loga

y

loga y

loga xm

m loga x

loga xn =

loga x

loga 1 =

loga a =

1.

+ loga r

2.

loga 2mn =

3.

loga 3aq =

60

4.

log10 10yz =

7.

loga

p

q

= loga p loga q

10

=

kx

10.log10

13.

loga x3 = 3 loga x

5.

log10 1000xy =

8.

loga

p

2r

xy

100

11. log10

14.

6.

9.

log2 ( xy 4 ) =

log2 4mn =

log2

15.

4

m

3a

=

m

loga

1

x2

61

16.

log2 ( 4 y 4 ) =

17.

19.

log10 10000x

log2

k2

4x 3

log4

y3

64

=

20.

22.

log2

y4

8

logp ( 8 p 5 ) =

23.

y4

x

18.

log2

21.

log2 (

24.

log10 100x3 =

xy 4

) =

8

1. 3x = 18

log10 3x = log10 18

x log10 3 = log10 18

log10 18

log10 3

2.631

2. 5x+2 = 16

log10 5x+2 = log10 16

(x+2) log10 3 = log10

18

x2

x+2

log10 16

log10 5

3. 2x = 9

4. 7x = 20

62

x

5. 4x+1

6. 3x-2 = 8

28

9. 63x-2 = 66

10.2

3x + 1

1.

log4 8 =

=

3

2

log 2 8

log 2 4

2.

7. 2x+3

=5

loga x =

11.3

8. 71-x

= 5

12. 7 = 9l0g3 x

2.8

log b x

log b a

log4 32 =

log 2 32

log 2 4

log2 x

= 200

3. log16 8 =

4.

log8 2 =

63

5.

log9 27 =

6. log25 625

7.

log9 3 =

8. log4 2 =

1.

log4 9 =

=

log10 9

log10 4

1.585

(a) log5 20 =

log10 20

log10 5

(c) log7 2 =

(d) log9 77 =

(h) log12 6 =

Solve the equation log2 (x+1) = 3.

Answers:

log2 (x+1) = 3

x + 1 = 23

x+1= 8

x

= 7

2.

x=7

= 1.

2.

= 1.

x

= 0.7

5. Solve the equation log10 (1+ 3x)

= 2

64

Ans : x = 0.3

log2 4 = 5 .

Ans : x = 15

Ans : x = 33

log4 (x 2) + 3log2 8 = 10.

log2 (x + 5) = log2 (x 2) +

3.

Ans : x = 6

Ans : x = 14

log5 (4x 7) = log5 (x 2) + 1.

Ans : x = 3

Ans : x = 3

Ans : x = 12

Ans : x = 1

Given log2 3 = 1.585, log2 5 =

2.322. Without using a calculator

find the value of

(a) log2 15 =

=

=

=

log2 (3 5)

log2 3 + log2 5

1.585 + 2.322

(b) log2 25 =

log2 (5 5)

log2 (

3

)

5

65

(d) log2 10

(e) log4 5

(g) log5 2

1.771 . Withouf using calculator,

evaluate

(b) log3 49 =

(a) log3 35 =

(d) log3 21 =

(f) log5 3

(e) log9 21 =

SPM QUESTIONS

1. ( SPM 01, P1, Q )

Given log3 x = m and log2 x = n. Find logx 24 in terms of m

and n.

Given log3 x = p and log9 y = q. Find log3 xy2 in terms of p and

q.

66

( 3/n + 1/m )

( p + 4q )

Given log 2 T - log4 V = 3, express T in terms of V.

Solve the equation 42x 1 = 7x

( T = 8V

( 1.677 )

Solve the equation 82 x 3 48 x 6 .

Given that log 5 2 m and log 5 7 p , express

terms of m and p.]

( x=3

( 2p m - 1 )

Solve the equation 2 x 4 2 x 3 1 .

Solve the equation log 3 4 x log3 (2 x 1) 1 .

( x = -3 )

( x = 3/2 )

9.

10.

in terms of p and r.

27 m

log m

2 x 3

1

4x2

log 5 4.9 in

67

( 3r 2p + 1 )

( x=1)

Given log2 xy = 2 + 3log2 x log2 y, express y in terms of

x.

Solve the equation 2 log 3 ( x 1) log 3 x .

( x= 9/8

( y = 4x )

Given that log2 b = x and log2 c = y, express

8b

Given that

9 ( 3n-1 ) = 27n , find the value of n.

in terms of x and y.

3 x y

]

2

15. ( SPM 08, P1, Q7 )

Solve the equation

: 162x 3 = 84x

[

log4

[ n=]

16. ( SPM 08, P1, Q8 )

Given that log4 x =

68

[ x = -3 ]

[x=9]

Given

3n-3 X

27n = 243 , find the value of n.

Given that log8 log2 q = 0, express p in terms of q.

[ n = 2 ]

[ p = q3 ]

18.

( SPM 2010 , P1 , Q7)

Solve the equation:

3x 2 3x

Given log2 3 = a and log2 5 = b, express log8 45 in terms of a

and b.

8

9

[ x = -2 ]

b

3

2a

3

69

1. To Find the distance between two points

[BACK TO BASICS] .

A( x1 , y1 ) and B( x 2 , y 2 ) :

AB =

( x2 x1 ) 2 ( y2 y1 ) 2 .

Eg. 1 Given two points A(2,3) and

B(4,7)

E1.

E2.

PQ =

Distance of AB =

E3.

(4 2) (7 3)

2

4 16

20 unit.

[2]

[ 10 ]

E4.

E5.

[ 52 ]

[ 18 ]

points P(-1, 3) and Q(k, 9) is 10.

Find the possible values of k.

points R(-2, 5) and S(1, k) is 10 .

Find the possible vales of k.

41 ]

E1. The distance between two points

A(1, 3) and B(4, k) is 5. Find the

possible vales of k.

7, -9

7, -1

6, 4

70

E4. The distance between two points

K(-1, p) and L(p, 9) is 50 . Find p.

points U(4, -5) and V(2, t) is 20 .

Find the possible vales of t.

p = 0, 6

and P(k, 2k) is the same as the

distance between the points A(-4,

3) and B(1, -7), find the possible

values of k.

t =-9, -1

k = 5, -5

2. To find the mid-point of Two Given Points. Formula :

Eg.

E1

E4

x1 x 2 y1 y 2

,

2

2

Midpoint M =

E2

E5

35 27

,

2

2

9

=

(4 ,

)

2

Midpoint, M =

(2, 3)

E3

(- , -3)

(7 , 4)

(4, 1)

(-6 , -5)

71

m

m

P(x1, y1)

Q(x, y)

R(x2, y2)

Q(x, y)

R(x2, y2)

P(x1, y1)

nx1 mx 2 ny1 my 2

,

mn

mn

Q (x,y) =

line segment joining the point M(3,7)

and N(6,2) in the ratio 2 : 1. Find the

coordinates of point P.

1

2

the line segment joining the point M

(4,5) and N(-8,-5) in the ratio 1 : 3.

Find the coordinates of point P.

Find the coordinates of P if

a) A(2, -3) and B( -8, 7)

N(6, 2)

P(x, y)

M(3, 7)

,

2 1

2 1

15 11

,

=

3 3

P=

= 5,

11

5

1,

2

(b) (2 , -1)

72

straight line RS such that 3RM = MS. If

the coordinates of the points R and S

are (4,5) and (-8,-5) respectively, find

the coordinates of point M.

3RM = MS

RM

1

=

,

MS

3

2PU. If the coordinates of the points

T and U are (-9,7) and (1,-3)

respectively, find the coordinates of

point P.

divides BC internally in the ratio m :

n , find (a) m : n , (b) the

value of p.

RM : MS = 1 : 3

Ans :

1,

E1. P(0, 1), Q(1, 3) and R(2,7)

Area of PQR =

(a) 2 : 3

Area of a polygon

1

2

x1

y1

x2

y2

x3 ... x1

y3 ... y1

ABC are (5, 10), (2,1) and (8, k)

respectively. Find the possible

values of k, given that the area of

triangle ABC is 24 units2.

Area of PQR =

1 0 1 2 0

2 1 3 7 1

1 unit 2

(b) p = 4

(-5, 3)

17

unit2

2

k = 3 , 35

73

3. The coordinates of the triangle RST

are (4, 3), (-1, 1) and (t, -3)

respectively. Find the possible values

of t , given that the area of triangle

RST is 11 units2.

Area of PQRS =

8 unit 2

t = 0 , -22

5.

-1).

[27]

and R(-5, k) are collinear, find the value of

k.

k= 33

and M(1, -1) are collinear.

and C(5,6) are collinear, find the value of

k.

p=2

74

6.

point:

y y1 = m( x x1 )

that passes through the point (5,2)

and has a gradient of -2.

that passes through the point (-8,3)

3

and has a gradient of

.

4

P(x1, y1)

Gradient = m

y = -2x + 12

Note : You may find the gradient first,

then use either (a) y = mx + c

Or

(b) y y1 = m( x x1)

Or

(c)

that passes through the points (2, -1)

and (3,0)

4y = 3x + 36

that passes through the points (-4,3)

and (2,-5)

y y1

y 2 y1

=

x x1

x 2 x1

y=x-3

4x + 3y +7 = 0

75

of the straight line PQ are 4 and -8

respectively. Find the gradient and the

equation of PQ.

are given:

y int ercept

m = -

x int errcept

respectively. Find the gradient and the

equation of PQ.

y int ercept

x

y

+

=1

a

b

m PQ =

x int errcept

y

8

=

4

= 2

O

-8

Equation :

x

y

+

=1

4

8

y 2x 8

AB is -5 and its gradient is -3. Find the

y-intercept of the straight line AB and

the equation of AB.

RS is 2 and its gradient is 3. Find

the y-intercept of the straight line RS

and the equation of RS.

2y = x+6

E5. Find the gradient and the equation

of AB.

y

6

O

-2

B

x

3x + 5y +15 = 0

y = 3x + 6

x 3y = 6

76

7.

Eg. y = 3x 2 and

3x y = 4

Parallel lines, m1 = m 2

1. y = 2x +5 and

4x + 2y = 5

Perpendicular lines, m1 m 2 = -1

2. 2x 3y = 5 and 6y = 4x + 9

y =3x2 ,

m1 = 3

3x y = 4

y = 3x 4 , m2 = 3

Since m1 = m2 , the two line

are parallel .

Eg. y = 3x 2 and

x + 3y = 4

y =3x2 ,

x + 3y = 4

3y = x + 4

1.

3y = 2x 2 and

2x + 3y = 1

2. x 3y = 2 and

4.

6y = 2 - 3x and

x y

4

3 6

5.

6x + 2y = 5

m1 = 3

1

4

1

y x , m2 =

3

3

3

1

Since m1 . m2 = 3 1 ,

3

The two given lines are

perpendicular .

3. y = 2x +5 and

4x + 2y = 9

x y

1 and 8y + 6x 3 = 0

3 4

y

R

8.

P

Diagram

2

Diagram

3

S

O

O

A

x

Diagram

4

77

78

Equation of a Locus

9. To Find the equation of the locus of the moving point P such that its distances of P from the points Q and R are

equal.

E1. Q(2,5) and R(4,2)

4x 6y+9 =0

18x + 8y = 43

-4). Find the equation of the

perpendicular bisector of AB.

3x 2y 9 = 0

3y =2x - 13

3x 4y + 3 = 0

E6. Given two points P(4, 10) and QB(6, 0). Find the equation of the the

perpendicular bisector of PQ.

x+y=4

79

10. : To find the equation of the locus of the moving point P such that its distances from the points A and B are

in the ratio m : n

E1.

:1

x2+y2 10x 2y + 19 = 0

1:2

2:1

x2+y2 10x 6y + 13 = 0

3

2

x2+ y2 3x 3y = 0

3:2

80

x2+ y2 16x + 6y + 33 = 0

1. ( SPM 03, P1, Q9 )

2. ( SPM 03, P1, Q11 )

The points A(2h, h) , B( p , t ) and C (2p, 3t) are on a straight

y x

1 and 5y = 3x

The equations of two straight lines are

line. B divides AC internally in the ratio 2 : 3 . Express p in

5 3

terms of t.

+ 24. Determine whether the lines are perpendicular to each

other.

(Yes )

( p = -2t )

3.

( SPM 04, P1, Q14 )

Diagram 4 shows a straight line PQ with the equation

x y

1.

2 3

Find

the

equation

of

the

straight

y

Q

P

O

Diagram

4

line

4.

( SPM 04, P1, Q15 )

The point A is (-1, 2) and B is (4, 6). The point P moves such

that

PA : PB = 2 : 3. Find the equation of locus of P.

81

2

3

( y x 3)

5. ( SPM 05, P1, Q14 )

The following information refers to the equations of two

straight lines, JK and RT, which are perpendicular to each

other.

JK

:

y = px + k

RT

(5x2+5y2+50x+12y+163=0)

Diagram 5 shows the straight line AB which is perpendicular to

the straight line CB at the point B.

y

A(0,

4)

B

y = (k 2)x + p

Express p in terms of k.

O

C

Diagram

5

7.

1

2k

x y

1 has a y-intercept of 2 and is

The straight line

6 h

parallel to the straight line y + kx = 0. Determine the value

of h and of k.

(2, 3)

The vertices of a triangles are A(5,2) , B(4,6) and C(p,-2).

Given that the area of the triangles is 30 unit 2 , find the values

of p.

82

[ h = 2 , k = 1/3 ]

[ p = -9 or 21 ]

Diagram 13 shows a straight line passing through S(3,0)

and yT(0,4).

The point (0 ,3), ( 2 ,t) and ( -2 , -1 ) are the vertices of a

triangles. Given that the area of the triangle is 4 unit 2, find the

values of t.

T(0,4)

S (3,0 )x

a) Write down the equation of the straight line ST in the

x y

form of 1

a b

b) A point P(x ,y) moves such that PS = PT. Find the

equation of the locus of P.

[

x y

1 , 6x 8y 7 = 0 ]

3 4

11.

(SPM 09 , P1, Q15 )

Diagram shows a straight line AC.

y

A(-2,3)

[ t = 11 or 3 ]

12.

(SPM 10 , P1 , Q13 )

A straight line passes through A ( -2, -5 ) and B ( 6,7).

a) Given C(h , 10 ) lies on the straight line AB , find the value

of h.

b) Point D divides the line segment AB in the ratio 1 : 3. Find

the coordinates of D.

B (h,k )

C( 4,0 )

the coordinates of B.

Find

Point P moves such that its distance is always 5 units from Q(3,4). Find the equation of the locus of P.

83

5 3

, ) ]

2 4

1. (SPM 2002, P2, Q11)

[ B = (

Point P moves such that the ratio of AP to PB is always 1 :

2.

A point P moves along the arc of a circle with centre A(2, 3).

The arc passes through Q(-2, 0) and R(5, k).

(a) Find

(a)

Show that the point C(0, -5) lies on this locus.

[2

(c)

(d)

[3 marks ]

(ii)

the values of k.

[6 marks]

at point T.

Find the area of triangle OQT.

marks]

[2 marks]

(b)

(i)

[3 marks]

marks]

[4

84

[ x2 + y2 - 4x - 6y - 12 = 0, k

= -1 or 7 , T(0, -8/3) , 8/3 ]

Diagram 1 shows a straight line CD which meets a straight

line AB at the point D. T he point C lies on the y- axis.

y

Diagra

m1

C

O

In Diagram 5, ABC = 900 and the equation of the straight

line BC is 2y + x + 6= 0.

A (-4,

9)

y

B(9,

0)

A(0,

6)down the equations of AB in the form of

(a) Write

(b)

Find

intercepts.

[ 1 mark ]

Diagra

m5

(c)

(i)

(ii)

the coordinates of B

AB : BD =

[5 marks]

[2 marks]

[ 2 marks ]

(c) Given that CD is perpendicular to AB, find the yintercept of CD.

[ 3 marks ]

(d)

always 5 units.

Find the equation of the locus of P.

marks]

[3

85

[ x/9 y/6 = 1 ,

D( 3 , -4 ) ,y-intercept = ]

y2 + 8x - 18y + 72 = 0 ]

5.

(SPM 2006, P2, Q9)

Diagram 3 shows the triangle

AOB where O is the origin.

Point C lies on the straight line AB.

In diagram below, the straight line AB has an equation y + 2x

+ 8 = 0. AB intercepts the x-axis at point A and intercepts the

y

y-axis at point B.

A(-3,

4)

Diagra

m3

B(6,

-2)

(a)

y + 2x + 8 = 0

[2

marks]

(b)

C.

(c)

[2 marks]

always twice its distance from point B.

(i)

(ii)

intercepts the y-axis.

[6 marks]

a) The coordinates of P

[ 3 marks ]

b) The equation of the straight line that passes through P

and perpendicular to AB.

[ 3 marks ]

86

[ P([ a) 9

b) ( 12/5 , 2/5 )

c) i) 3x 2 + 3y2

3, -2) ,

Diagram below shows a triangle OPQ. Point S lies on the

line PQ. y

P(

3

,k)

2

1

1

x ]

2

2

8. ( SPM 09, P2 , Q9 )

Diagram below shows a trapezium OABC. The line OA is

perpendicular to the line AB, which intercepts the y-axis at the

3

point Q. It is given that the equation of OA is y = x and

2

the equation of yAB is 6y = kx + 26.

B

6y = kx + 26

S ( 3, 1))

Q

x

AQ

1

always 2

units.

2

[ 3 marks ]

b) It is given that point P and point Q lie on the locus of

W. Calculate

i)

the value of k

ii)

the coordinates of Q

[ 5 marks ]

c) Hence, find the area, in unit 2 , of triangle OPQ.

O

a) Find

i)

ii)

C

x

the value of k

the coordinates of A

[ 4 marks ]

b) Given AQ = QB = 1 : 2 , find

i)

the coordinates of B

ii)

the equation of straight line BC

87

[ 2 marks ]

[ 4 marks ]

c) A point P ( x, y ) moves such that 2PA = PB. Find

the equation of the locus of P

[ 2 marks ]

[ 4x + 4y 24x 8y + 15 = 0 , k

2

= 3 , Q (4 , -1 ) , 7 ]

9. ( SPM 10, P2 , Q5 )

Diagram below shows a straight line AC which intersects the

y-axis aty point B .

C

O

A (- 3, -7) B

a) the equation of the straight line which passes through

point A and perpendicular to AV

[ 4 marks ]

b) i) the coordinates of B

ii)the coordinates of C, given AB : BC = 2 : 7

[ 3 marks ]

[

a) k = 4 , A( -2, 3)

3y2 + 24x 10y 13 = 0 ]

b) B( 4 , 7 ) , 2y + 3x = 26

c) 3x 2 +

88

1. RADIAN

1.1 Converting Measurements in Radians to Degrees and Vice Versa

Example: 25.8o

Since 180o = rad

25.8 25.8

180

0.4504 rad

(a) 30o =

A

o

25.8

O

[0.5237 rad]

(c) 81.5o =

(d) 122.8o =

[1.423 rad]

(f) 225o 36 =

(b) 45o =

[0.7855 rad]

(e) 154o 20 =

[2.144 rad]

(g) -50o =

[2.694 rad]

(h) -950 =

89

[3.938 rad]

Since rad = 180o

180

0.75 rad 0.75

42.97

[-0.02773 rad]

P

0.75 rad

O

[88.22o]

[34.37 ]

o

18

rad

(c)

5

(e) (1 + ) rad =

1

(d) - 2 rad

3

[206.24o]

[237.29o]

[-133.67o]

S

=> S = r

r

(b) r = 15 cm and = 1.4 rad

[12 cm]

(d) r = 10 cm and = 60o

[21 cm]

(e) r = 1.5 m and = 82.8o

[10.47 cm]

[2.168 m]

2.1 For each of the following, find the length of the arc S given the values of r and .

Example:

P

r = 10 cm and = 1.5 rad

Since S = r

= 10 1.5 S 1.5 rad O

= 15 cm

Q

(c) r = 30 cm and =

[15.71 cm]

rad

6

2.2 For each of the following, calculate the length of the radius r given the values of S and .

S

=> S = r

r

90

Example:

A

S = 4.5 cm and = 1.5 rad

r

Since S = r

4.5 = 1.5r

O 1.5 rad

4.5

r

1.5

B

= 3 cm

(c) S = 9 m and = 30o

[17.19 m]

[6 cm]

[2.5 cm]

(e) S = 10 cm and =

rad

8

[26.20 cm]

[25.46 cm]

S

2.3 For each of the following, find the angle in radian given the values of r and S..

=> S = r

r

Example:

(a) r = 9 cm and S = 36 cm

(b) r = 7 cm and S = 5.6 cm

A

r = 5 cm and S = 10 cm

Since S = r

10 = 5

O

10

=

5

= 2 rad

B

[4 rad]

[3.5 rad]

[0.8 rad]

[224.34o]

3. AREA OF SECTOR

3.1 For each of the following, find the area of the sector A given the values of r and .

[96.43o]

91

Example:

r = 3 cm and = 1.8 rad

1

Since A r 2

2

1

32 1.8

O

2

= 8.1 cm2

1.8 rad

[10 cm2]

2

3 rad

[6.075 cm2]

4

(d) r = 12 mm and = 5 rad

[3.962 cm2]

[180.98 mm2]

[2.411 m2]

3.2 For each of the following, find the length of the radius r given the values of and A

Example: = 1.2 rad and A = 15

cm2

1

Since A r 2

2

1

15 r 2 1.2

2

O

15

2

r2

r

r

1.2

1.2 rad

= 25

P

Q

r = 5 cm

[2 cm]

[13 cm]

92

(c) =

rad and A = 3 m2

6

3

(d) = 1 rad and A = 78.25 cm2

7

[6 m]

[109.55 cm]

[15.54 cm]

93

3.3 For each of the following, find the angle in radian given the values of r and A.

Example: r = 5 cm and A = 9

1 2

r

2

3 1

9 52

8 2

75 2

8 25

3

rad

4

3

cm2

8

Since A

5 cm

_3 cm2

98

A

[0.5 rad]

[55.95o]

[80o]

Area of segment

1 2

1

r r 2 sin

2

2

1 2

r sin

2

[2 rad]

(a) r = 15 cm and A = 50 cm

[85.93o]

94

4 Perimeter and Area of Segments of a Circle

For each of the following diagrams, find

(i)

(ii)

the area of the shaded segment.

A

(a)

(b)

(c)

P

O

0.5 rad

1 rad

O

O

1. ( SPM 04, P1, Q19 )

95

The diagram shows a circle with centre O. Given that the length of the

major arc AB is 45.51 cm, find the length, in cm, of the radius.

(Use = 3.142)

A

O

The diagram shows a circle with centre O. The length of the minor arc AB is 16

cm and the angle of the major sector AOB is 290o.

Using = 3.142, find

(a) the value of , in radians,

(Give your answer correct to four significant figures.)

(b) the length, in cm, of the radius of the circle.

0.354 rad

( 7.675

cm2 )

3. ( SPM 06 P1 Q16 )

4. ( SPM 07 P1 Q18 )

sector AXY with centre A. Given that OB = 10 cm, AY = 4 cm,

< POQ = 1.1 radians and the length of the arc AB = 7 cm, calculate

(a) the value of , in radian,

(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

It is given that (AD = 8 cm) < AOD = 1.85 radians and

BA = AO = OD = DC = 5 cm. Find

(a) the length, in cm, of the arc BC,

(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

A

Y

X

A

1.85 rad

O

(a) 0.7 rad

(b) 13.09 cm

5. ( SPM 08 P1 Q18 )

The diagram shows a circle with centre O and radius 10 cm. Given that P, Q

(a) 18.5 cm

6. ( SPM 09 P1 Q12 )

96

and R are points such that OP = PQ and < OPR = 900, find

that OP = PQ and <OPR = 90o, find

[Use = 3.142]

(a) <QOR, in radians,

(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

It is given that < BOC = 1.42 radians , AD = 8 cm and

OA = AB = OD = DC = 5 cm. Find

(a) the length, in cm, of the arc BC,

(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

10 cm

=

P

A

1.85 rad

O

(a) 1.047

(b) 30.72

cm2

(a) 14.2 cm

cm2

7. ( SPM 10 P1 Q17 )

The diagram shows a sector OPQ of a circle with centre O and sector

NRS of a circle with centre N.

P

10 cm

N

S

8 cm

Q

R

It is given that < POQ = 1.5 radians and < RNS = 0.5 radian, find the area ,

in cm2 of the shaded region

(b) 59

97

. ( SPM 03 P2 Q4 )

The diagram shows a sector POQ with centre O and radius

10 cm. Point R lies on the straight line OP with condition that

OR : OP = 3 : 5. Calculate

(a) the value of, in rad,

(b) the area, in cm2 of the shaded region.

P

2. ( SPM 04 P2 Q9 )

The diagram shows a circle PQRT with centre O and radius 5 cm.

JQK is the tangent to the circle at Q.The straight lines JO and KO,

intersect with the circle

at P and R respectively. OPQR is a rhombus. JLK is an arc of the

circle with centre O. Calculate

L

rad

K

R

(b) the length, in cm, of the arc JLK,

(c) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

3. ( SPM 05 P2 Q10 )

The diagram shows a sector POQ of a circle, centre O. The

(a)

(b) 20.95 cm

4. ( SPM 06 P2 Q10 )

The diagram shows the plan of a garden. PCQ is a semicircle

98

point A

lies on O P, the point B lies on OQ and AB is perpendicular to

OQ. The length of OA = 8 cm and <POQ =

given that OA : OP = 4 : 7.

(Use = 3.142) Calculate

P

radian. It is

6

with

centre A and has a radius of 14 m. Sector COQ is a lawn. The

shaded

region is a flower bed and has to be fenced. It is given that AC

=8m

and <POQ = 1.956 radians.

(Use = 3.142) Calculate

R

A

8 cm

_ rad

6

Q

B

(a) the length, in cm, of AP,

[1]

(b) the perimeter, in cm, of the shaded region,

[5]

(c) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

[4]

(a) the

(b) the

the

(c) the

length, in m, of the fence required for fencing

flower bed,

area, in m2, of the flower bed.

(a) 62.592 m2

(a) 6 cm

(b) 24.403 cm

(c) 37.463 cm 2

(b) 38.252 m

(c) 14.71 m2

[2]

[4]

[4]

99

5. ( SPM 07 P2 Q9 )

The diagram shows a circle, centre O and radius 10 cm

inscribed in a sector APB of a circle, centre P. The straight

lines,

AP and BP are tangents to the circle at point Q and R,

respectively.

[Use = 3.142] . Calculate

(a) the length, in cm, of the arc AB,

[5]

(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

[5]

A

O

Q

6. ( SPM 08 P2 Q9 )

The diagram shows two circles. The larger circle has centre X

and radius 12 cm. The smaller circle has centre Y and radius 8

cm.

The circles touch at point R. The straight line PQ is a common

tangent

to the circles at point P and point Q.

[Use = 3.142]

Given that<PXR = radian,

(a) show that = 1.37 (to two decimal places),

[2]

(b) calculate the length, in cm, of the minor arc QR,

[3]

(c) calculate the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

[5]

60 o

P

100

(a) 14.176 cm

(a) 31.41 cm

(b) 88.6 cm

7. ( SPM 09 P2 Q10 )

In diagram below, POQ is a sector of a circle with centre O

and radius 26 cm. SRT is a quadrant of a circle R and radius

5 cm.

P

7. ( SPM 10 P2 Q11 )

Diagram below shows a circle with centre O.PD is the midpoint

of AC and <DOC = 60o .

S

O

O

60o

give the answers correct to two decimal places . Calculate

(a) POQ, in radian

[ 2 marks ]

(b) the perimeter in cm of the coloured region .

[ 4 marks ]

(c) the area in cm2, of the coloured region .

[ 4 marks ]

B

It is given that the area of the major sector OAC is 209

Use = 3.142 Find

(a) the value of in radian

[1 marks ]

(b) radius , in cm , of the circle,

[2 marks ]

(c) perimeter , in cm, of the shaded region ,

[ 4 marks ]

(d) the area , in cm2 , of segment ABC

[ 3 marks ]

7

cm2.

15

101

[1.047, 21.99,

159.14 , ]

2

STATISTICS ( CHAPTER 8 F4 )

1. ( SPM 05 P1 Q23 )

The mean of four numbers is m . The sum of the squares of

the

numbers is 100 and the standard deviation is 3k. Express m

in terms of k.

2. ( SPM 06 P1 Q24 )

A set of positive integers consists of 2, 5 and m. The variance

for this set of integers is 14. Find the value of m.

( 11 )

25 - 9k2

3. ( SPM 07 P1 Q22 )

A set of data consists of five numbers. The sum of the

numbers is 60 and

the sum of the squares of the numbers is 800. Find, for the

five numbers

(a) the mean,

(b) the standard deviation. [ 3 ]

4. ( SPM 08 P1 Q22 )

A set of seven numbers has a mean of 9.

(a) Find x.

(b) When a number k is added to this set, the new mean is

8.5.

Find the value of k.

(a) 63

(a) 12

(b) 4

5. ( SPM 09 P1 Q24 )

A set of 12 numbers x1 , x 2 ,.............., x12 , has a variance of

(b) 5

102

40 and it is given that x2 = 1080 . Find

(a) the mean , x.

(b) the value of x .

(a) 7.0711

(b) 84.853

1. ( SPM 03 P2 Q5 )

A set of test marks: x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, x6 has a mean value of 5

and standard deviation of 1.5.

(a) Find the

(i) sum of marks, x,

(ii) sum of squared marks,x2. [ 3 ]

(b) Each mark is multiplied by 2 and then 3 is added.

For the set of new marks, find the

(i) mean,

(ii) variance.

[4]

(a) (i) 30

(ii) 163.50

2. ( SPM 04 P2 Q4 )

A set of data contains 10 numbers. The sum of these numbers

is 150

and the sum of their squares is 2472.

(a) Find the mean and variance for these 10 numbers.

(b) Another number is added to this set of data and the

mean

increase by 1.

Find

(i) the value of this number,

(ii) the standard deviation for the set of 11 numbers.

[4]

(a) mean = 15, variance = 22.2

(b) (i) 26 (ii) 5.494

3. ( SPM 05 P2 Q4 )

The diagramshows a histogram which represents the

distribution of

14

12the marks obtained by 40 pupils in a test.

Number of Pupils

10

8

6

4

2

0

0.5

10.5

20.5

30.5

40.5

50.5

Marks

4. ( SPM 06 P2 Q6 )

The table beside shows the frequency distribution of the

scores of a group

of pupils in a game.

Number

Score

of

Pupils

10 - 19

1

20 - 29

2

30 - 39

8

40 - 49

12

103

(a) Without using an ogive,

calculate the median mark.

[3]

(b) Calculate the standard deviation of the distribution.

[4]

(a) 24.07

42.

Calculate the value of k.

(b )Use the graph paper provided by the invigilator to

answer this

question.

Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 scores on the horizontal

axis and 2 cm to

2 pupils on the vertical axis, draw a histogram to

represent the

frequency distribution of the scores.

Find the mode score.

(c) What is the mode score if the score of each pupil is

increased by 5?

(b) 11.74

a) 4

5. ( SPM 07 P2 Q5 )

The table below shows the cumulative frequency distribution

for the scores of 32 students in a competition.

Score

Number of

students

< 10

4

< 20

10

< 30

20

< 40

28

< 50

32

(a) Based on the table above, copy and complete the table

below. [ 1 ]

Score

0-9

10 - 19 20 - 29 30 - 39 40 - 49

Number of

students

(b) Without drawing an ogive, find the interquartile range of

the distribution.

[5]

(a)

(b) 42.6

(c) 47.6

6. ( SPM 08 P2 Q6 )

The table beside shows the marks obtained by 40 candidates

in a test.

Marks

Number of

Candidates

10 - 19

1

20 - 29

x

30 - 39

y

40 - 49

10

50 - 59

8

Given that the median mark is 35.5, find the value of x and of

y.

Hence, state the modal class.

104

4, 6, 10, 8, 4

(b)

22

3

x = 13, y

= 5, modal class = 20 - 29

7. ( SPM 10 P2 Q6 )

The table shows the frequency distribution of the marks of a

group of student.

Marks

Number of

Students

1 - 10

5

11 - 20

8

21 -30

20

31 - 40

10

41

50

7

a)

Using a scale of 2

cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 2

students on the vertical axis , draw a histogram to

represent the frequency distribution of the marks in the

above table. Hence , find the mode mark

[ 4 marks ]

b) Calculate the standard deviation of the marks.

[ 4 marks ]

x = 13, y =

5, modal class = 20 29

DIFFERENTIATION ( CHAPTER 9 F4 )

1. To Determine the first derivative of the function y = ax n using formula.

y= x3

y= x4

y= x7

dy

= 3 x 31

dx

= 3 x2

[4x3]

y= 5x

y= 8x

y = 5x

[ 7x6]

f(x) = 2x -4

f(x) =

[15x2]

f(x) = 6x -1

f(x) =

105

dy

=

dx

[-40x ]

[ -20x ]

y=

3 4

x

2

[- x85 ]

y=

1 3

x

6

y=

1 4

x

2

[- x62 ]

y=

1

x

3

dy

=

dx

2 3

x

3

dy

2 31

=3

x

dx

3

= 2 x2

y=

y=

2

x

3

[2x5 ]

2 x3

[ 2x1 4 ]

[ 6x3]

f(x) =

5

2x

f(x) =

f(x) =

4

3x 6

f(x) =

[- 2x5 2 ]

[ x47 ]

[- x87 ]

y= x ( x3+1)

u=x , v =x3+1

du

dv

1,

3x 2

dx

dx

dy

d

(uv)

dx dx

dv

du

u

v

=

dx

dx

=

2

x(3x )+(x3+1)(1)

y= x ( x4+2)

y= ( x 5+1)x

y= ( x3-1)x

106

=

3 x3+x3+1

= 4x3 +1

y= 3x2 ( x3-1)

[ 5x4+2]

3

[ 6x5+1]

3

y= ( x -1)(5x )

[ 15x4-6x]

y= ( x -1)(-4x )

[ 25x4-10x]

y= (2x+1) (

x

+1)

2

[4x3 -1]

3

[ -20x4+8x]

y= (x4+1) (

x

+1)

3

[4 x3-3x2+1]

y= (3-x3) (

5 4

1

3

[ x 4x ]

1

3

3

[2x+ 2 ]

[ -4x3+6x2-3]

2

3. To determine the first derivative of a quotient of two polynomials using formula

x

x 1

v x 1

dv

1

dx

Example : y

ux

dy

1

dx

1. y

5x

2x 3

2.

y =

3x

4x 5

3. y =

x

+1)

3

[-

4 3

x 3x 2 1 ]

3

6x

2x 7

107

du

dv

u

dy

dx 2 dx

dx

v

x 11 x1

x 1 2

x 1 x

x 1 2

1

x 1 2

v

4. y =

15

(2x+3)2

5x 4

3x 2

5. y =

1 4x

1 x

15

(4x+5)2

7. y =

x2

x 3

5

- (1+x)

2

22

- (3x-2)

2

42

- (2x-7)

2

8. y =

x2 1

5x 3 4

x

x-3

(5x 3 -4)2

Example

1

Exercise

y ( x 2) 2

dy

2( x 2)1 1

dx

2( x 2)

y (3 x 2) 2

y ( x 3) 4

y ( x 2) 5

y ( x 8) 3

[3(x+8)2]

[4(x+3) ]

[5(x+2) ]

y (2 x 3) 4

y ( 4 x 2) 5

y (5 x 8) 3

108

dy

2 (3 x 2)1 3

dx

6(3 x 2)

[8(2x+3)3]

y 2( x 2)

dy

2 2( x 2)1 1

dx

4( x 2)

2

y 5( x 2)

[20(4x+2)4]

4

y 3(4 x 2)

[20(x+2)3]

2

( x 2) 2

y 2( x 2) 2

dy

2 2( x 2) 3

dx

4( x 2) 3

4

( x 2) 3

5

( x 2) 4

y 2( 2 x 8) 3

[60(4x+2)4]

3

( x 2) 5

[12(2x+8)3]

5

2(3 x 4) 4

15

[- (x+2)

6 ]

20

[- (x+2)

5]

5.

[15(5x+8)2]

5

10

[ (3x-4)

5]

yf(x)

dy

f'(x)

dx

time

First

derivative

Differentiate the

second time

d2y

f ' ' ( x)

2

dx

Second

derivative

Example :

5

Given that f ( x ) 3 2 x 2 , find f (x) .

Hence, determine the value of f (1)

Solution:

y 2 x 3 4 x 2 6 x 3 , find

d2y

dx 2

109

f ( x) 3 2 x 2

4x

-20x 3 - 2x

f ' ( x) 5 3 2 x 2

2 4

20(3 2 x 2 ) 4 320 x 2 (3 2 x 2 ) 3

20 3 - 2x 2 16 x 2 (3 2 x 2 )

12x + 8

20(3 - 2x 2 ) 3 18 x 2 3

f(x).

60(3 - 2x 2 ) 3 (6x 2 - 1)

f " (1) 60(1)(5)

300

(3) Given that f ( x ) ( 4 x 1) 5 , find f (0)

,calculate the value of

t=

d 2s

when

dt 2

1

.

2

320

160 36x

3

6.

tangent to the curve

y 2 x 3 3x 2 7 x 5 at the point (2,5)

the gradient of tangent at point P on

the curve

y = f(x) is 29, find the

coordinates of the point P.

parabola is y 1 4 x 2 x 2 , find the

gradient of the tangent to the curve at

the point (-1,-3)

110

Solution:

y 2 x 3 3x 2 7 x 5

dy

6x 2 6x 7

dx

At point (-2,5), x=-2

Hence, the gradient of tangent at

the point (-2,5)

dy

when x 2

dx

6 x 2 6 x 7 when x 2

mT

6(2) 2 6(2) 7

Solution:

y f (x )

y = 2x2 3x since f(x) =

x(2x-3)

dy

4x 3

dx

dy

29

At point P,

dx

4x 3 = 29

x=8

y = 104

The coordinates of P is (8 , 104)

mT 8

to the curve y x 2 x 3 at the

point (3,6).

tangent at point P on the curve

2

y 2 x 5 is 4, find the coordinates

the point P.

mT 7

P(2 , 1)

(4) Given f ( x) x

4

and the

x2

value of x.

2

3

Example 1 :

Find the equation of the tangent at

the point (2,7) on the curve

Example 2 :

Find the equation of the normal at the

point

x = 1 on the curve

y 3x 5

y 4 2 x 3x

the point (1,9) on the curve

y 2 x 5

111

Solution:

Solution:

y 3x 2 5

y 4 2 x 3x 2

dy

6x

dx

dy

2 6 x

dx

dy

when x 1,

2 6(1) 4

dx

when x 2,

dy

6(2) 12

dx

Equation of tangent is

y y1 mT x x1

y 7 12 x 2

y 7 12 x 24

y 12x 17 0

y 2 x 1 x 1 at the

to the curve

point where its x-coordinate is -1.

1

4

when x = 1 , y = 4

2(1) + 3(1)2 = 5

Equation of normal is

Gradient of normal, m N

y y1 m N x x1

1

x 1

4

4 y 20 1( x 1)

x 4 y - 21 0

y 5

y 12 x 21

the curve y 2 x 2 3 x 2 at the point

where its

x-coordinate is 2.

y 3 x 3

4

y

at the point (-2,-4) and

2x 3

hence determine the equation of the

normal passing through that point.

mT 8 ; x 8 y 30 0

x 5 y 22 0

Example :

Find the turning points of the curve

points on the curve y x x 2 3 and

y x 2 4x 4 .

minimum point of

112

y 2 x 3 12 x 2 18 x 3 and

determine

whether each of them is a

maximum or a

minimum point.

2

y 2 x 3 12 x 18 x 3

dy

Solution:

dx

At turning points,

maximum or a minimum point.

dy

0

dx

6 x 2 24 x 18 0

x 2 4x 3 0

x 1 x 3 0

x 1 or x 3

y 2 x 3 12 x 2 18 x 3

When x = 1 ,

y 2(1) 3 12(1) 2 18(1) 3 11

When x = 3 ,

y 2(3) 3 12(3) 2 18(1) 3 33

Thus the coordinates of the turning

points are

and

2

d y

12 x 24

dx 2

When x = 1 ,

d2y

12(1) 24 12 0

,

dx 2

Thus (1 , 11) is the

When x=3,

point

d2y

12(3) 24 12 0

dx 2

(2 , 0)

(1 , 2) and (1 , 2)

113

Thus , (3 , 33) is the

point

9. Problems of Maximum and Minimum Values of a Function.

x = that satisfies

dy

d2y

0 will minimize y if the value of

0 at x =

dx

dx 2

x = that satisfies

dy

d2y

0 will maximize y if the value of

0 at x =

dx

dx 2

value of x for which L is maximum.

Hence, determine the maximum

value of L.

value of x for which y is maximum.

Hence, determine the maximum value

of y.

(3) Given y

1

(3 x 2 8 x 2) , find the

2

value of x

for which y is minimum.

Hence, determine the minimum

value of y.

x 43 , y min 53

114

25

3

, Lmax 15625

27

x 92 , y max 88

skeleton of a wire . Box with a

rectangular base of x by 3x and the

height of h.

form a sector OPQ, of a circle of centre

O and radius r as shown in the diagram

below.

h

x

3x

Given the total length of the wire is

348 cm,

express h in terms of x, show that the

volume of the box, V cm3 , is given by

V = 3x2 (87 4x),

find the stationary value of V, stating

whether it is maximum or minimum

value.

cylinder with circular cross-section of

radius r and the height of h.

r

160

2

r

(ii) the area, A, of the sector

is

given by A = 80r r 2

(b) Find the value of and r when the

area is a

maximum.

(d) Determine the maximum area.

cylinder is

300 cm2 ,

(a) express h in terms of r,

(b) show that the volume of the

cylinder, V cm3 , is given by V = 150 r

r3,

(c) determine the maximum volume of

the

cylinder when r varies.

115

18291.75 cm

2

(a) h = 150r (b) (c) 100

r

9. Problems of Rates of ChangeIf y = f (x) and x = g(t), then using the chain rule

50

or 399

dy dy dx

,

dt dx dt

dy

dx

is the rate of change of y and

is the rate of

dt

dt

change of x.

where

increasing at a

constant rate of 2 unit per

second, find the rate of

change of

y when x = 4 unit.

dx

2

dt

y 3x 2 2 x

dy

6x 2

dx

When x 4

dy

6( 4) 2

dx

22

dy

dy dx

dt

dx dt

( 22)(2)

44 unit s 1

increasing at a constant rate of 4 unit

per second, find the rate of change of

y when x = 0.5 unit.

1

and x is

x

increasing at a

constant rate of 3 unit per second, find

the rate of change of v when x = 1

unit.

116

12 unit s 1

30 unit s 1

increases at a constant rate of 10

cm2 per second. Find the rate of

change of r when r = 2 cm.

( Use = 3.142 )

increases at a constant rate of 16 cm 2

per second. Find the rate of change of

r when r = 3 cm.

( Use

= 3.142 )

cm increases at a constant rate of 20

cm3 per second. Find the rate of change

of r when r = 1 cm. ( Use = 3.142 )

Answer :

dA

10

dt

A r2

dA

2 r

dr

When r 2 cm

dA

2 ( 2)

dr

4

dA

dA dr

dt

dr

dt

dr

10 4

dt

dr

0.7957 cm s 1

dt

1 3

container is given by V h 8h,

3

where h cm is the height of the

water in the container. Water is

poured into the container at the rate

of 10 cm 3 s -1 . Find the rate of

change of the height of water, in

cm 3 s -1 , at the instant when its

1.591 cm s 1

0.8487 cm s

the base of a pond. When the bubble

moves to the surface of the water, it

expands. If the radius of the bubble is

expanding at the rate of 0.05 cm s 1 ,

find the rate at which the volume of the

bubble is increasing when its radius is

2 cm.

at the rate of 0.2 cm s 1 , find the rate

of decrease of the area of the circle

when its radius is 3 cm.

117

height is 2 cm.

5

6

cm s 1

balloon increases at the rate of 0.5

cm s 1. Find the rate of change in the

volume when the radius is 15 cm.

0.8 cm s

3

1.2 cm2 s 1

1

at the rate of 3 cm s 1. Find the rate of

change in the volume when the

volume is 64 cm3.

container with a

diameter of 60 cm and height of 40

cm. Water is

poured into the container at a constant

rate of

1 000 cm 3 s -1 .

60 cm

40 cm

Water

Diagram 1

Calculate the rate of change of the

radius of the water

level at the instant when the radius of

the water is 6 cm.

(Use = 3.142; volume of cone

1

r 2 h )

3

118

450 cm3 s 1

144 cm3 s 1

6.631cm3 s 1

right circular cone of base radius 6

cm and height 18 cm at the rate of

2 cm 3 s -1 . Find the rate of increase of

the height of water level when the

water level is 6 cm high. ( Use =

3.142 )

(14)

4 cm

(15)

V

4x

cm

E

20 cm

h

cm

cone with a

height of 20 cm and a base-radius of 4

cm. Water is poured into the cone at

the rate of 5 cm s 1 but at the same

time, water is dripping out from the

cone due to a leakage a the rate of 1

cm s 1 .

6x

cm

6x

A

B

The above diagram

shows

a

solid

which

cm

consists

of a cuboid with a square base of side

6x cm,

surmounted by a pyramid of height 4x

cm. The

volume of the cuboid is 5832 cm.

water at time t s are h cm and V cm

respectively, show that

1

V

h 3 .

75

the solid,

3888

2

.

A cm, is given by A 96 x

x

water level in

rate

119

the cone at the moment the water

level is 12 cm.

( Use = 3.142 )

increase of the

total surface area of the solid at the

instant

x = 4.

0.1591 cm s 1

(b) 0.2210 cm s 1

42 m2 s 1

Small

Changes

small

change in y when x increases from

2 to 2.01.

Approximate

Value

A 3x 2 x ,

2

change in the area when the width

decreases from 3 cm to 2.98

cm.

Answer :

4

, calculate the

x5

dy

if

dx

x = 2. Hence, estimate the values

value of

of

4

2.03 5

Solution :

120

y x 2 4x

dy

2x 4

dx

x 2 2.01

x 2.01 2

0.01

dy

2(2) 4 when x 2

dx

8

dy

y

x

dx

y (8)(0.01)

y 0.08

A 3x 2 2 x

dA

6x 2

dx

x 3 2.98

x 3 2.98

0.02

dA

6(3) 2 when x 3

dx

20

dA

A

x

dx

A (20)(0.02)

A 0.4 cm s

2 1

small

change in y when x decreases from

8 to 7.98.

2

total surface area, A 3x 4 x , where

Find the small change in the total

surface area when the length of the

side of the base decreases from 5 cm

to 4.99 cm.

4

4 x 5

5

x

dy

20

20 x 6 6

dx

x

dy

20

5

When x 2, 6

dx

16

x

(a )

y new y original y

y original

dy

x

dx

4

4

4

5 y , where y 5 and x 2 2.03

5

2.03

2

2

dy

4

5

x

dx

2

4

5

5 2.03 2

2

16

4

3

32 320

0.116525

(6) Given y

27

dy

, find the value of

3

dx

x

of

27

.

3.033

121

0.26 cm2

dy

dx

1 ; 0.97

0.62

dy

.

dx

Hence, find the small change in y

when x increases from 4 to 4.02.

(7) Given that y 4 x , find

dy

dx

2

x

rectangular base is given by

V x 3 2 x 2 3 x , where x cm is the

width of the base. Find the small

change in the volume when the width

increases from 4 cm to 4.05 cm.

; y 0.02

32

dy

, find

. Hence,

4

dx

x

32

.

estimate the value of

1.99 4

(9) Given y

dy

dx

128

x5

; 2.04

1.75 cm3

20

, find the

2 x

approximate change in x when y

increases from 40 to 40.5.

(10) Given that y

of the side of the cube decreases by

0.1 cm, find the

approximate decrease in the total

surface area

of the cube.

5

, find the value of

x3

dy

when

x = 4.

dx

Hence, estimate the value of

5

(a)

(b)

4.02 3

5

3.99 3

122

1

160

7.2 cm2

dy

dx

15

; (a) 0.07930 ; (b) 0.07871

256

1. ( SPM 03 P1 Q15 )

Given that y = 4x ( 5 x ), calculate

a) the value of x when y is a maximum

b) the maximum value of y

[ 3 marks ]

2. ( SPM 03 P1 Q16 )

Given that y = x2 + 5x, use differentiation to find the small

change in y when x increases from 3 to 3.01

[ 3 marks ]

123

( x = 5 /2 , y = 175/2 )

( 0.11 )

3. ( SPM 04 P1 Q20 )

Differentiate 3x2 (2x 4)4 with respect to x.

[3 marks]

4. ( SPM 04 P1 Q21 )

Two variables, x and y are related by the equation y = 3x +

2

. Given that y increases at a constant rate of 4 units per

x

second, find the rate of change of x when x = 2.

[ 3 marks ]

( 8/5 )

[ 6x (6x 5 )(2x 5 )

5.

( SPM 05 P1 Q19 )

Given that h( x)

3x 5

, evaluate h "(1) .

[4

marks ]

6. ( SPM 05 P1 Q20 )

The volume of water, V cm3, in a container is given by

1 3

h 8h , where h cm is the

3

cm3 s -1. Find the rate of change of water, in cm s-1, at the

instant when its height is 2 cm.

[3

marks]

( 27/8 )

( 0.8333 )

7. ( SPM 06 P1 Q17 )

The point P lies on the curve y = (x 5)2. It is given that the

8.

( SPM 06 P1 Q18 )

It is given that y

2 7

u , where u = 3x 5.

3

Find

dy

in

dx

124

gradient of the normal at P is

P.

1

.

4

terms of x.

[ 3 marks ]

[ 3 marks ]

[ 14 (3x 5 )6 ]

[ P(7,4 ) ]

9. ( SPM 06 P1 Q19 )

Given that y = 3x2 + x 4 ,

(a) find the value of

dy

when x = 1,

dx

from 1 to

1 + p, where p if a small value.

[ 4 marks ]

[ 7

, 7p ]

11.

( SPM 07, P1, Q20 )

The curve y = x2 32x + 64 has a minimum point at x = p

, where p is a constant . Find the value of p.

[ 3 marks ]

10.

dy

= 3kx + 5 , where k is a

dx

value of k

[ 2 marks ]

[ k = 2/3 ]

12.

16

.

x2

changes from 4 to 4 + h, where h is a small value.

[ 3 marks ]

125

[p = 16 ]

13.

( SPM 08, P1, Q20 )

The normal to the curve y = x2 5x at point P parallel to the

straight line

y = -x + 12 . Find the equation of the normal

to the curve at point P

[ 3 marks ]

1

h ]

2

14.

( SPM 09, P1, Q19 )

[

dy

= kx 6 , where k is

dx

1 ) . Find

a) the value of k

[ y = -x 3 ]

A block of ice in the form of a cube with sides x cm, melts

at a rate of 9.72 cm3 per minutes. Find the rate of changes

of x at the instant when

x = 12

[ 3 marks ]

[ - 0.0225 ]

The volume of a sphere is increasing at a constant rate of

12.8 cm3s-1 . Find the radius of the sphere at the instant

when the radius is increasing at a rate of 0.2 cms -1.

4

r 3

[ Volume of sphere =

[3

3

marks ]

[k=3 ]

Given y = 2x ( x 6 ) , find

dy

a)

,

dx

b) the value of x when y is minimum,

c) the minimum value of y

[ 3 marks ]

[ 4x 12, x = 3 , y = -18 ]

126

[r = 4 ]

1. ( SPM 05, P2, Q2 )

A curve has a gradient function px2 4x, where p is a

constant . The tangent to the curve at the point ( 1 , 3 ) is

parallel to the straight line

y + x 5 = 0. Find

a) the value of p,

3 marks ]

A curve with gradient function 2 x

2

x2

at ( k, 8 )

[

[ 3 marks ]

b) Determine whether the turning point is a maximum or

minimum point.

[ 2 marks ]

[p = 3 ]

The gradient function of a curve is hx2 kx , where h and k

are constant. The curve has a turning point at ( 3, -4 ) . The

gradient of the tangent to the curve at the point x = -1 is 8.

Find

4.

( SPM 10, P2, Q8 )

The curve y = x3 6x2 + 9x + 1 passes through the point A

( 2 , 3 ) and has two turning points, P(3,1) and Q. Find

a) the gradient of the curve at A

[ 3 marks ]

b) the equation of the normal to the curve at A

127

a) The value of h and of k

[ 5 marks ]

[ 3 marks ]

c) the coordinates of Q and determine whether Q is the

maximum or the minimum point.

[ 4 marks ]

[ h = 2 and k = 6 ]

find unknown sides :

Use Sine Rule to find the unknown sides or angles of aTo

triangle.

a

b

c

sin A sin B sin C

a

b

c

1. Find the unknown sides of a triangle when two of its angles and one of the corresponding sides are known.

(a) Diagram 1 shows the triangle

ABC.

D

15

cm

Diagram 1

350

0

E

16

Diagram

Calculate the length

of DE.

3

60

Diagram

Calculate the length

of PQ. 2

Calculate the length of BC.

128

8.794 cm

10.00 cm

12.32

KLM.

L

K

420

0

63

15

cm

M

Diagram 5

Diagram

4

Diagram 6

Calculate the length of PR.

[11.56 cm]

[ 6.527 cm ]

[ 11.26 cm ]

its angles and the side not corresponding to the angles are known.

7.2

R

0 triangle PQR.

(a) Diagram 10 shows the triangle

(b) Diagram

11

shows25

the

(c) Diagram 12 shows the triangle DEF.

P

cm

0

28

ABC.

72

E

Q

Diagram

11

510

5.6

cm

Diagram

129

Calculate the length of DE.

[ 3.810 cm ]

[ 5.189 cm ]

[ 4.517 cm ]

3.

Find the unknown angles of a triangle when two sides and a non-included angle are given.

(a) Diagram 1 shows the triangle

(b) Diagram 2 shows the triangle KLM

(c) Diagram 3 shows the triangle DEF.

15

ABC.

L

A

D

K

cm

10

cm

B

15

cm

9 cm

3.5

cm

500

60

0

Diagra

m1

Find KLM

430

E

24

Diagram

Find DFE. 3

Diagram

2

12.5

cm

F

Find ACB.

[ 27.360 ]

A

[ 35.27o]

13

R

(d) Diagram

4 shows the triangle

P

cm

PQR.

13

00

Q

10

cm

Diagram

4

14

(e) Diagram 5 shows the

cmtriangle ABC.

1100

Diagra

m5

[ 11.090 ]

4.2

L

cm

(f) Diagram 6 shows the triangle KLM.

K

B

9 cm

Diagra

m6

250

2.8

cm

M

130

Find ABC.

Find QPR.

Find KLM.

[ 32.84o]

[ 138.640 ]

[ 36.11 ]

0

4.

Find the unknown angles of a triangle when two sides and a non-included

(a) Diagram 1 shows the triangle

(b) Diagram 2 shows the triangle KLM

ABC.

9 cm

L

A

K

14

40

37

0

cm

0

7 cm

B

Diagram

M

Diagra

9 cm

C

2

m1

Given that KLM is an obtuse angle,

Given that ACB is an obtuse angle,

find

find

the length of ML.

the length of AC.

(c) Diagram 3 shows the triangle DEF.

D

8 cm

420

F

Diagram

3 is greater

Given that the value of EDF

than

900, find the length of DE.

11

cm

131

[ 2.952 cm ]

8.018 cm

PQR.

8.5

R

P

cm

460

6.9

cm

23

Q

Diagram

4

second

quadrant of the cartesian plane, find

the

length of QR.

17.3

9.2

cm is an angle in cm

Given that KLM

the

Diagram

second

5

M find

quadrant

of the cartesian plane,

the

length of KL.

[ 5.040 cm ]

132

[ 9.686 cm ]

[ 2.707 cm

b2 c2 a 2

cos A

of a triangle. 2bc

cos B

a2 c2 b2

2ac

cos C

a2 b2 c2

2ab

1.

Find the unknown side of a triangle when twoRsides and an included angle are given.

(a) Diagram 1 shows the triangle

(b) Diagram 2 shows the triangle PQR

(c) Diagram 3 shows a triangle with

PQR such

such that

sides 5 cm ,

x

5 cm

5 =5 cm and PQR =

that PR =12.3 cm , QR =16.4

PQx =7 cm, QR

13 cm and an included

angle 43 .

cm

cm and

cm

75 . cm

75 5cm

PRQ = 67 .

430

0

Q

P

E

7

13

cm

Diagram

cm

Diagram

133

P

12.3

cm

x

cm

Q

67

0

R

16.4

cmDiagram

1

Find the value of x.

[ 9.946 ]

[ x = 16.21 ]

7 cm

C

PQR.

A

0

53

6.3

cm

K

48

5.8

cm

R

[ 5.967 cm ]

[ 7.475 ]

Diagra

m4

4

cm

Diagram

5

P

M

750

31

5.40

2.23

cm

Q

Diagram

cm

6

Find the length of PR.

[ 4.312 cm ]

[ 5.302 cm ]

134

2.

Find the unknown angle of a triangle when three sides are given.

(a) In Diagram 1, ABC is a triangle

(b) Diagram 2 shows a triangle ABC

where

where

AB = 13 cm, AC = 14 cm and

AB = 11 cm, AC = 13 cm and BC=

BC= 15 cm.

16 cm.

A

A

14 cm

13cm

where

AB = 13 cm, AC = 16 cm and BC =

17.5 cm.

15 cm

Diagram 1

13 cm

11cm

Find BAC .

16 cm

Diagram 2

where

AB = 12.67 cm, AC = 16.78 cm

and

BC= 19.97 cm.

A

12.67cm

16.78 cm

19.97 cm

Diagram 4

Calculate BCA

Find BAC .

[ 67.38o ]

16 cm

13cm

17.5 cm

Diagram 3

Calculate BAC

[ 83.17]

that

PR = 6.45 cm, RQ = 2.23 cm and

PQ = 5.40 cm.

R

6.45 cm

P

2.23 cm

Q

5.40 cm

Diagram 5

Find RQP .

[ 73.41]

that

PR = 23.5 cm, RQ = 12.5 cm and

PQ= 18.7 cm.

R

23.5

cm

P

12.5

cm

Q

18.7 cm

Diagram 6

Calculate the smallest angle in the

triangle.

135

[108.07]

[39.17]

= 8.56

cm, AC = 11.23 cm and BC=

14.51 cm.

A

14.5 1cm

16 cm

13cm

11.23cm

8.56cm

[31.96]

= 13

cm, AC = 16 cm and BC= 17.5 cm.

Diagram 7

Calculate the largest angle in the

triangle.

17.5 cm

Diagram 8

the

triangle.

[61.19]

[93.33]

1

1

1

bc sin A =

of = ab sin C =

ab sin C or its equivalent to find the area of Area

a triangle.

2

2

2

(a) In Diagram 1, ABC is a triangle

(b) In Diagram 2, ABC is a triangle with

with

AC= 6 cm, BC = 5 cm and

AB= 6 cm, AC = 9 cm and

ACB 78 .

BAC 53 .

53

B

8 cm

A

9 cm

AC= 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and

ACB 120 .

6 cm

120

B

Diagram

1

C

6 cm

A

Diagram 3

136

A

6 cm

[ 21.56 ]

[ 20.78 cm2 ]

5 cm

78

C

Diagram 2

Find the area of ABC.

[ 14.67 cm2 ]

with

AC= 6 cm, BC = 12.5 cm and the

reflex

angle ACB 250 .

B

that

AB= 12.5 cm , AC = 6 cm and

ACB=80.

C

80

6 cm

12.5 cm

250

12.5 cm

that

AB= 11 cm , AC = 15 cm and

ACB=4534.

15 cm

6 cm

Diagram 4

A

Diagram 5

Find (a) CBA,

(b) the area of the triangle.

[ 35.24 cm2

such that

AC = 7 cm, AB = 15 cm and

ACB = 11530.

11cm

[ 28.21o , 35.62 ]

where

AB= 15 cm, BC =11 cm and AC=8

cm.

4534'

C

Diagram

Find (a) CBA, 6

(b) the area of the triangle.

AB= 30 cm, BC =25 cm and AC=20

cm.

137

A

15 cm

8cm

7cm 11530'

C

11 cm

15 cm

30 cm

Diagram 7

25 cm

20 cm

Diagram 9

Diagram 8

(b) the area of the triangle

(b) the area of ABC.

(b) the area of ABC.

H

H

G

[ (a) 24.91 (b) 33.46 cm ]

0

[ 31.30o , 42.86 ]

[ (a) 82.820 (b) 248.04 cm2

(1)

C

B

(b)

A

138

ABCD. Given that AB = 6cm, BC = 4cm and CG=3 cm.

Find BHC

base ABCD. Given that AB = 16 cm, BC = 4cm and CG=13

cm. Find BHC

G

H

E

(c)

[ 30.81o ]

E

(d)

cuboid with a rectangular base

ABCD. Given that DG=6.1 cm,

[10.98]

BG=7.2 cm and BGD =41.02.

B

139

rectangular base ABCD. Given that AB = 6

cm, BC = 4cm and CG = 3 cm.

Find BGD.

[74.44]

[ 4.772 cm ]

(1) Diagram 1 shows a trapezium

LMNO.

line.

and G is

the midpoint of FH.

140

L

13 cm

32o

16 cm

14 cm

10 cm

7 cm

16 cm

31o

O

18 cm

Diagram 1

Calculate (a) LNM,

(b) the length of LN,

(c) the area of OLN.

KLNM.

5 cm

Diagram 2

line.

Diagram 3

(b) the length of BC,

(c) the area of triangle ABD.

10 cm

(b) the length of EG,

(c) the area of triangle EGH.

line.

141

Diagram 4

Calculate (a) the length of LM,

(b) MNL,

(c) the area of

quadrilateral KLNM.

Diagram 5

Find (a) QPR,

(b) the length of RS,

(c) the area of triangle PRS.

Diagram 6

Calculate (a) the length of AB,

(b) CAD,

(c) the area of triangle

ACD.

[ (a) 6.678 cm (b)84.740 (c) 13.17 cm2 ]

142

1. ( SPM 03 P2 Q15 )

Diagram below shows a tent VABC in the shape of a pyramid

with triangle ABC as the horizontal base. V is the vertex of

the tent and the angle between the inclined plane VBC and

2. ( SPM 04 P2 Q13 )

Diagram below shows a quadrilateral ABCD such that A BC is

acute.

(a)Calculate

(i) ABC

(ii) ADC

(iii) the area, in cm2, of quadrilateral

ABCD

[

(a) the length of BC if the area of the base is 3 m 2.

[ 3 marks ]

(b) the length of AV if the angle between AV and the base is

250.

[3 marks]

(2.700, 3.149, 2.829 )

(c) the area of triangle VAB

[4 marks]

given for triangle ABC, that is, AC=12.3 cm, CB=9.5cm and

B ' A 'C ' 40.5o , but which is different in shape to triangle ABC.

(i)sketch the triangle ABC

(ii) State the size of A'B'C'

[2 marks]

143

( 57.23, 106.07, 80.96, 122.77)

5. ( SPM 05 P2 Q12 )

Diagram below shows triangle ABC

marks]

6. ( SPM 08 P2 Q9 )

Diagram below shows a quadrilateral ABCD.

[2

AC is a diagonal, ACD 40o and AD =16 cm.

Calculate the two possible values of ADC

[2 marks]

( c) By using the acute A DC from (b) , calculate

(i)

(ii)

(ii) the area, in cm2, of the quadrilateral

BCD is acute. Calculate

(a) BCD ,

marks]

(b) the length, in cm, of BD,

marks]

(c) ABD ,

marks]

[2

[2

[3

144

5.

( SPM 07 P2 Q15 )

6. ( SPM 08 P2 Q14 )

In the diagram below, ABC is a triangle. ADFB,AEC and BGC are

straight lines. The straight line FG is perpendicular to BC.

(a) Calculate

(i) the length, in cm, of AC

(ii) ACB

[4 marks]

(i) Sketch A ' BC

(ii) Calculate the area , in cm2 , of A ' BC

marks ]

[6

DAE 80 and FBG 45

(a) calculate the length, in cm, of

(i)

DE

(ii)

EC

[5 marks]

(b) The area of triangle DAE is twice the area of triangle

FBG,

Calculate the length , in cm, of BG

[4 marks]

(c) Sketch triangle ABC which has a different shape from

triangle ABC

[ 1 mark]

( 13.36, 23.88

13.80)

145

Diagram below shows a trapezium KLMN. KN is parallel to

LM and LMN is obtuse.

N

Diagram below shows triangle ABC and triangle CDE where

BCE and ACD are straight lines.

A

12.5 cm

80

25o

4 cm

E

M

5.6 cm

32o

L

Find

a) the length, in cm of LN

[ 2 marks ]

b) the length, in cm, of MN

[ 3 marks ]

c) LMN

[ 3 marks ]

d) The area , in cm2 , of triangle LMN

[ 2 marks ]

6 cm

50o

C

2.5 cm

D

a)Calculate the length, in cm ,

i) BC

ii)

DE

[5 marks ]

b)Point C lies on BE such that AC = AC

i) Sketch triangle ACB

ii)

Find ACB

iii) Calculate the area, in cm2, of triangle ACB

[5 marks ]

146

98o12, area LMN = 60.308 ]

147

NUMBER INDEXS ( CHAPTER 11 F4 )

1.

school A increased from

768 students in year 1999

to 960 students in year

2002. Calculate the index

number to show the change

in the student population in

year 2002 based on year

1999.

a school B decreased from

800 students in year 2000

to 720 students in year

2002. Calculate the index

number to show the change

in the student population in

year 2002 based on year

2000.

of a certain model of DVD

player in year 2001. It only

managed to sell 441 units in

year 2003. Calculate the

index number in year 2003

based on year 2001.

[87.50]

[125]

i)

Given

Price of a semi Year

auto washing

machine

RM480

2002

RM560

2003

Calculate the price index for the year

a) 2003 based on year 2002

b) 2002 based on year 2003

Round off your answer to the nearest

integer.

units of a certain model of

television in year 2002. It

managed to sell 1021 units

in year 2003. Calculate the

index number in year 2003

based on year 2002.

[112.2]

[90]

ii)

Given

Cost of cell

Year

phone

RM 5010

1992

RM 1550

2005

Calculate the price index for the year

a) 2005 based on year 1992

b) 1992 based on year 2005

Round off your answer to the nearest

integer.

noodles in the year 1998 and the year

2005 are RM2.40 and RM3.00

respectively. Calculate the price index

for a plate of fried noodles in the year

1998 based on the year 2005.

148

[117, 86]

[80]

[31,323]

the year 1997 and RM0.90 in the

year 1999. Calculate the price index

of the pen in the year 1999 based on

year 1997.

v) Given

Item

vi) Given

Price

in

1990

Price

in

1995

RM2.0 RM2.5

0

0

Q

RM6.0 RM9.0

0

0

Find the value of x and y

Price

index

in

1995

based

on

1990

x

y

Item

Price in Price in

2000

2005

RM15.

RM16.5

00

0

S

RM24.

RM30.0

00

0.

Find the value of x and y

Price

index

in

2005

based

on

2000

x

y

[112.5]

[ 125, 150]

vii) Given

Ingredie

nts

1.05

Price

index

for the

year

2004

based

on the

year

2001

x

0.70

Price per

kg

(RM)

Yea

r

200

1

P

0.8

0

Q

0.4

5

Find the value of

Year

200

4

x and y

indices of three types of house.

Year

house

Terrace

Bungalow

Apartmen

t

1995

(1990=1

00)

160

q

175

2000

(1990=1

00)

240

180

r

2000

(1995=1

00)

p

200

140

[ 110 , 125]

indices of three types of fruit.

1996

(1992=1

Year

00)

house

Banana 125

Rambut q

an

Durian

110

Find the value of p,

2003

(1992=1

00)

2003

(1996=1

00)

150

150

p

120

r

q and r.

135

149

[120, 125, 148.5]

[131.3, 155.6]

a)The price of a plate of fried noodles

in year 2005 was RM3.00 The price

index for a plate of fried noodles in the

year 1998 based on the year 2005

was 80. Calculate the price of the

fried noodle in year 1998..

[RM2.40]

1996 is RM12200. The price index for

Hanims total salary is 134 in the year

2000 based on the year 1996.

Calculate Hanims total salary in the

year 2000.

information

b)A particular pen cost RM0.80 in the

year 1997 and the price index of the pen

in the year 1999 based on year 1997 was

112.5. Calculate the price for that

particular pen in year 1999.

[RM0.90]

2002 was RM1.20. The price index of 1

kg of salt in the year 2002 using year

2001 as the base year was 150.

Calculate the price of 1 kg of salt in the

year 2001.

a school in the year 2000 was

RM60.00. The price index of the phone

bill was 125 in the year 2004, using

year 2000 as the base year. Calculate

the average monthly phone bill for the

school in the year 2004.

[RM75]

in the year 2002 were RM1.8 million.

The price index of the profit from

online sales through internet for the

company in year 2002 based on year

2001 is 120. Calculate the profits from

online sales in the year 2001.

150

[RM1.5 million]

[RM16,348]

[RM0.80]

1987 and 1999 based on year 1996

were 105 and 120 respectively. If the

price of the same item in year 1999

was RM50.40, find the price of the

item in year 1987.

[RM44.10]

a)The table below shows the index

numbers and the weightages of three

items. Calculate the composite index

of all the items.

Item

A

B

C

Index

105

120

116

number

weighta 4

1

5

ge

calculator in the year 1998 and the year

2000 are 130 and 145 respectively when

the year 1985 is used as the base year.

Find the price of the scientific calculator

in the year 1998 if the price in the year

2000 is RM58.00

[RM52]

numbers and the weightages of three

items. Calculate the composite index of

all the items.

Item

A

B

C

Index

117

105

120

number

weighta 3

1

2

ge

indices of four types of food items in

year 2000 based on year 1995,

together with their respective

weightages.

Food Item

Price Index

weightag

e

Meat

120

8

Rice

110

7

Milk

130

2

vegetable

90

3

Calculate the composite index of all

the food items in year 2000 based on

151

year 1995.

[112]

[116]

[113]

indices of four types of magazines in

year 2002 based on year 2000,

together with their respective

weightages.

Magazine

Price Index

weightag

e

EDGE

115

3

DIGEST

105

6

TRADING 85

7

WOMEN

180

4

Calculate the composite index of all

the magazines in year 2002 based on

year 2000.

percentage of usage of four items, P,Q, R

and S, which are the main ingredients in

the production of a type of biscuit

Item

Price Index Percentage of

in year

usage (%)

2002

based on

year 1999

P

115

20

Q

125

40

R

120

10

S

85

30

Calculate the composite index of all the

items in year 2002 based on year 1999.

percentage of usage of four items,

P,Q, R and S, which are the main

ingredients in the production of a type

of pie.

Item

Price

Percentage of

Index in

usage (%)

year 2004

based on

year 2000

P

80

20

Q

120

30

R

110

10

S

85

40

Calculate the composite index of all

the items in year 2004 based on year

2000.

[110.5]

[114.5]

a)The table below shows the price

b)The table below shows the price

index and the weightages of three

indices and the weightage of four types

types of item in the year 1997 using

of food for the year 2000 using 1995 as

[97]

index and the weightages of three

types of item in the year 2001 using

152

1993 as the based year.

Item

Price

Weightag

index

e

P

105

x

Q

120

1

R

116

5

The composite index of all the items in

year 1997 based on year 1993 was

112. Find the value of x.

Food

Price

Weightag

index

e

chicken 123

7

fish

115

p

Beef

138

5

prawn

148

3

The composite index of the four types of

food for the year 2000 based on year

1995 was 128.5.

Calculate the value for p

Item

Price

Weightag

index

e

W

a

3

X

90

2

Y

110

5

The composite index of all the items in

year 2001 based on year 1999 was

133. Find the value of a.

[200]

[4]

[5]

indices of four types of bag sold by a

trader for the year 1998 using 1995 as

the base year.

Bag Price

Monthly

index

expenditure in

year 1998(RM)

A

x

3000

B

122

4000

C

119

5000

D

110

2000

The composite index of the four types

of bag for the year 1998 based on

year 1995 was 113.

Calculate the value for x

percentage of usage of four items, P,Q, R

and S, which are the main ingredients in

the production of a type of biscuit

Item

Price Index Percentage of

in year

usage (%)

2002

based on

year 1999

P

115

20

Q

125

p

R

x

10

S

85

30

The composite index of all the items in

year 2002 based on year 1999 was

110.5.

Find the value of p and x.

percentage of usage of four items,

P,Q, R and S, which are the main

ingredients in the production of a type

of pie. The composite index of all the

items in year 2004 based on year

2000 was 97

Item

Price

Percentage of

Index in

usage (%)

year 2004

based on

year 2000

P

80

20

Q

120

30

R

110

x

S

y

40

Calculate the value for x and y .

153

[95]

[40, 120]

[ 10, 85]

a. Table below shows the prices, price indices and the

weightage

for Mr. Loos various expenditures.

expenditu

re

Price

200 200

0

3

Food

900

Transport

Clothing

Utility

Rental

x

300

600

250

108

9

480

336

y

275

Price

index for

the year

2003

based on

the year

2000

121

Weightage

120

z

117

110

5

4

6

3

b. Table below shows the prices and the price indices for the

four

ingredients, P,Q,R and S, used in making biscuits of a particular

kind.

Price per kg

Ingredie

nts

10

Find

a) the value for x, y and z

b) the composite index for the year 2003 using year 2000

P

Q

R

S

(RM)

Year

2001

0.80

2.00

0.40

z

Year

2004

1.00

y

0.60

0.40

year 2004 based on

the year 2001

x

140

150

80

amount

of the ingredients P,Q,R and S, used in making these biscuits.

154

as the

based year.

c) Mr. Loos monthly expenditure in year 2003 was

RM4200.00.

Find his corresponding monthly expenditure in the year

2000.

Find the value of x, y and z.

(i) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making these

biscuits

in the year 2004 based on the year 2001.

(ii) hence, calculate the corresponding cost of making these

biscuits

in the year 2001 if the cost in the year 2004 was RM2985.

Answer (a) 125, 2.80, 0.50 (b) 129.44, RM2306.09

usage of four items, P,Q, R and S, which are the main

ingredients in the production of a type of biscuit.

Ite

Price index for the

Percentage of

m

year 1995

usage (%)

Based on the year

1993

P

135

40

Q

x

30

R

105

10

S

130

20

Calculate

a) the price of S in year 1993 if its price in the year

1995 is RM37.70.

b) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the

year 1991 if its

155

price index in the year 1993 based on the year 1991

is 120.

c) The composite index number of the lost of biscuit

production

for the year 1995 based on the year 1993 is 128,

Calculate

i)

the value of x

ii)

the price of a box of biscuit in the year 1993 if

the corresponding

price in the year 1995 is RM32.00

156

1. ( SPM 03 P2 Q13 )

Diagram below is a bar chart indicating the weekly cost

of the items P,Q,R ,S and T for the year 1990. Table

below shows the prices indices for the items.

Items

Price in

1990

Price in

1995

Price index in

1995 based

on 1990

RM 0.70

175

RM2.00

RM2.50

125

RM4.00

RM5.50

RM6.00

RM9.00

150

RM2.50

120

(i) x (ii) y (iii) z

[3 marks]

(b) Calculate the composite index for the items in the year 1995 based on

the year 1990.

[2 marks]

(c) The total monthly cost of the items in the year 1990 is RM456. Calculate

the corresponding total monthly cost for the year 1995.

[2 marks]

(d) The cost of the items increases by 20% from the year 1995 to the year

2000. Find the composite index for the year 2000 based on the year 1990.

[3marks]

157

2. ( SPM 04 P2 Q12 )

Table below shows the price indices and the percentage

of usage of four items, P,Q, R and S, which are the main

ingredients in the production of a type of biscuit.

Items

Price index

Percentage

for the year

of usage

1995 based

(%)

on the year

1993

3. ( SPM 05 P2 Q13 )

Table below shows the prices and the price indices for the four ingredients,

P,Q, R and S, used in making biscuits of a particular kind.

Price per kg (RM)

Price index for

Ingredient

the year 2004

s

based on the

Year 2001 Year 2004

year 2001

P

0.80

1.00

135

40

2.00

140

30

0.40

0.60

150

105

10

0.40

80

130

20

Diagram below show a pie chart which represents the relative amount of the

ingredients P,Q,R and S, used in making these biscuits.

(a)Calculate

(i)

the price of S in the year 1993 if its price

in the year 1995 is RM 37.70

(ii)

the price index of P in the year 1995

based on the year 1991 if its price index

in the year 1993 based on the year 1991

is 120.

[5 marks]

(b)The composite index number of the lost of biscuit

production for the year 1995 based on the year

1993 is 128. Calculate

(i)

the value of x,

(ii)

the price of a box of biscuit in the year

1993 if the corresponding price in the

year 1995 is RM32.

[5 marks]

(b) (i) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making these

biscuits in the year 2004 based on the year 2001.

(ii) hence, calculate the corresponding cost of making these biscuits in

the year 2001 if the cost in the year 2004 was RM2985.

158

Answers: RM29, 162, 125, RM25

4. ( SPM 06 P2 Q15 )

A particular kind of cake is made by using four

ingredients, P,Q, R and S. Table below shows the prices

of the ingredients.

Ingredient

Price per kilogram (RM)

Year 2004

Year 2005

5.00

2.50

4.00

4.00

4.40

based on the year 2004 is 120. Calculate the value of w.

[ 2 marks]

(b)The index number of ingredient R in the year

2005 based on the year 2004 is 125. The price

per kilogram of ingredient R in the year 2005 is

RM2.00 more than its corresponding price in

the year 2004. Calculate the value of x and of y.

[3 marks]

(c) The composite index for the cost of making the

cake in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is

127.5

Calculate

(i)

the price of a cake in the year 2004 if its

corresponding price in the year 2005 is RM

30.60

(ii)

the value of m if the quantities of

ingredients P,Q,R and S used in the ratio of

7: 3: m : 2

[5 marks]

159

5. ( SPM 07 P2 Q13 )

Table below shows the prices and the price indices of

five components, P,Q,R,S and T. used to produce a kind

of toy.

compone

Price (RM) for the year

Price index

nt

for the year

2004

2006

2006 based

on the year

2004

P

1.20

1.50

125

2.20

110

4.00

6.00

150

3.00

2.70

2.00

2.80

140

relative quantity of components used.

[3marks]

(b) Calculate the composite index for the production cost

of the toys in the year 2006 based on the year 2004

[3marks]

(c) The price of each component increases by 20% from

the year 2006 to the year 2008. Given that production

cost of one toy in the year 2004 is RM55, calculate the

corresponding cost in the year 2008

[4marks]

160

6. ( SPM 08 P2 Q13 )

Table below shows the prices and the price indices of four

ingredients, fish, flour, salt and sugar, used to make a type of

fish cracker.

Ingredients

year

Price index

for the year

2005 based

on the year

2004

[3 marks]

(b) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making

these crackers in the year 2005 based on the year 2004.

[3 marks]

(c) The composite index for the cost of making these

crackers increases by 50% from the year 2005 in the

year 2009.

2004

2005

Fish

3.00

4.50

150

Calculate

Flour

1.50

1.80

(i)

Salt

0.90

112.5

Sugar

1.40

1.47

105

(ii)

these crackers in the year 2009 based the year

2004

the price of a box of these crackers in the year

2009 if its corresponding price in the year 2004

is RM25

[4 marks]

161

7. ( SPM 09 P2 Q13 )

Table below shows the prices , the price indices and

weightages for four types of stationery P, Q, R and S.

Stationer

y

Price index

for the year

2008 based

on the year

2007

Weightage

2007

2008

2.8

2.1

4.00

4.80

120

2.00

13

5.8

116

i) x

8. ( SPM 10 P2 Q15 )

Table below shows the price indices for three items, P, Q and

R used in the production of a type of bag.

Items

Price index

Price index

for the year

for the year

2006 based

2008 based

on the year

on the year

2004

2004

P

125

150

116

120

(a) Find the price index of item P in the year 2008 based

on the year 2006

[2 marks]

(b) The price of item Q in the year 2004 is RM 7.50 and its

price in the year 2008 is RM 10.50. Find

(i)

the value of x,

162

ii) y

iii)z

(ii)

[ 3 marks ]

b) The composite index for the price of stationery in the

year 2008 based on the year 2007 is 108.4. Calculate

the value of m.

[ 3 marks ]

c) The total expenditure for the stationery in the year 2007

is RM 525. Calculate the corresponding total expenditure

in the year 2008.

d) The price index for Q in the year 2009 based on the year

2007 is 132. Calculate the price index for Q in the year

2009 based on the year 2008.

[ 2 marks ]

b) m = 6 , c) RM 569.10

d) 110]

[3 marks]

(c) The composite index for the production cost of the bag

in year 2006 based on the year 2004 is 118.5. The

cost of the items P, q and R used are in the ratio 2 : 1 :

3. Find the value of y. [3 marks ]

(d) Given the price of the bag in the year 2006 is RM

47.40, find the corresponding price of the bag in the

year 2004.

[ 2 marks ]

- SPM 2007 Mathematics P2Hochgeladen vonpss smk selandar
- Add Math Spm - EnglishHochgeladen vonDin Ika
- 2. Quadratic EquationsHochgeladen vonAthirahRara
- Section 3.2 Page 157 to 167Hochgeladen vonKnoll711
- 9 Math LM_U1.M2.v1.0Hochgeladen vonHana Mae Trillado
- Chapter 3- Quadratc Functions(Pearl™)Hochgeladen vonUmair Pearl
- Dues Lesson PlanHochgeladen vonDevyn Dues
- DLL Grade 9 Math-Completing the SquaresHochgeladen vonCyrene Joy Bermido
- Intense Study PlanHochgeladen vonvfky
- MAT495_Chapter 10Hochgeladen vonMuhamadSadiq
- k-12 math 10 m1 quad fxnsHochgeladen vonapi-289125744
- Matemtica y BasketbolHochgeladen vonMaría Ester Penela López
- AMCAT & NACHochgeladen vonVeeraragavan Subramaniam
- Indices Surds Transformations Quadratics CirclesHochgeladen voncarnagecox
- Quadratic equation.docxHochgeladen vonAffy Love
- 03PC11 Chapter03 8th DHochgeladen vonYi-Ying Lu
- SPM Trial 2009 AddMath Q&A (Sabah)Hochgeladen vonSimPor
- Quadratic equationHochgeladen vonCharity Lenogon
- Lesson Plan - b Name: Barry Lewis Subject of Lesson:Hochgeladen vonbarryjgl
- observation 2 lesson 17 4Hochgeladen vonapi-317511549
- week 4 diy moduleHochgeladen vonapi-354498922
- 4th Quarter - Calendar of Activities.docxHochgeladen vonLeianneza Pioquinto
- Week 11 NotesHochgeladen vonclements20077994
- 10_sm_math_english_2019_20Hochgeladen vonashishg123456
- Algebra 2 Flipped classroom syllabus 2013-2014Hochgeladen vonbennettem1233
- algebra 2 honors course expectations 15-16Hochgeladen vonapi-263610151
- Caps Fet _ Mathematics _ Gr 10-12 - FormattedHochgeladen vonbiccard7338
- Repaso_Funciones_y_Ecuaciones__1.docxHochgeladen vonEdson Mamani
- Additional Mathematics - List of Formulae (Form 4)Hochgeladen vonSyazleen Nabilah Akmal
- Syllabi_Grades9-10Hochgeladen vonkalloli

- Soalan Peperiksaan Matematik Tingkatan 1 Kertas 1Hochgeladen vonsyukrie3
- ReputHochgeladen vonrahim
- XLEH GUNEHochgeladen vonrahim
- Peserta KHochgeladen vonrahim
- absract PTI GENIUS.docxHochgeladen vonrahim
- Cover p2 Add MathsHochgeladen vonrahim
- AstHochgeladen vonrahim
- me401dis14.docHochgeladen vonrahim
- AKTIVITI_2017_ -Hochgeladen vonrahim
- ghost.docxHochgeladen vonrahim
- Badminton StafHochgeladen vonrahim
- Trial for document.docxHochgeladen vonrahim
- ReceiptHochgeladen vonrahim
- Trial for document.docxHochgeladen vonrahim
- Trial for DocumentHochgeladen vonrahim
- GhostHochgeladen vonrahim
- Launching Jun2017Hochgeladen vonrahim
- Exercise Integer With Number LineHochgeladen vonrahim
- Cover TepiHochgeladen vonrahim
- surat ip7Hochgeladen vonrahim
- Contoh Chemical Register 2 (SODIUM HYDROXIDE)Hochgeladen vonrahim
- Aquaponic CodeHochgeladen vonrahim
- Sensory Jun 16Hochgeladen vonrahim
- Application Form Iiduitmcns 2017 Smart Home MtnpHochgeladen vonrahim
- Application Form Iiduitmcns 2017 Palm Oil MtnpHochgeladen vonrahim
- Matematik Tingkatan 1 Kertas 1 SKEMA JAWAPANHochgeladen vonrahim
- Abstract Smart HomeHochgeladen vonrahim
- Abstract AquaponicHochgeladen vonrahim

- Glencoe Pre-Cal Chapter 4 PracticeHochgeladen vonjohnantan hopkirk
- Module 2 - Quadratic Equation & Quadratic FunctionsHochgeladen vonNana Diyana
- Algebra 1 CST Release QuestionsHochgeladen vonmillikanarts
- Merged DocumentHochgeladen vonMuhammad Hazwan Rahman
- unit 9 rubricsHochgeladen vonapi-215086988
- Quadratic Equations _ Perfect MathsHochgeladen vonDoreen Ting
- Solving Quadratic EquationHochgeladen vonMarites Balmas
- Form 4 Chapter 1 to 3Hochgeladen vonKe Ke Saw
- Quadratic EquationsHochgeladen vonErwani Kamaruddin
- week 22 geo lp wheelerHochgeladen vonapi-350364406
- ch4Hochgeladen vonLawrence Dumalag
- AS Level Revision Pure Mathematics 1Hochgeladen vonJoshua Meyer
- Obj. 5 Vertex Form (Presentation)Hochgeladen vonSandra Miller
- digital unit plan templateHochgeladen vonapi-249526014
- mathematics standard levelHochgeladen vonadar
- u9l6 - completing the square lesson planHochgeladen vonapi-242122700
- 27956 MAT 1111 Online Winter 2011 Schedule RevisedHochgeladen vongrandea
- Quantitative AnalysisHochgeladen vonsor_68m
- Revision Guide Higher Algebra WorksheetHochgeladen vonDon Wilson
- Quadratic EquationsHochgeladen vonRaymond
- Alg 1 Sem 2 Practice Final SolutionsHochgeladen vonAngelo Pizarro
- 4PM0_01_rms_20170301Hochgeladen vonBen Chan
- Umb Tma1 Sem2 (3))Hochgeladen vonJenna Jennani
- Maths Quest 12 Mathematics Methods CASHochgeladen vonYianni
- 274328391-completing-the-square1.pdfHochgeladen vonAngel Lawson
- Ulangkaji PATHochgeladen vonZulhanif Idris
- BA101 ENGINEERING MATHEMATIC Chapter 1 Basic AlgebraHochgeladen vonAh Tiang
- X Math Ch4 Quadratic Equations Chapter Notes SeptHochgeladen vonBishara Vaheed
- learning targetsHochgeladen vonAmra Maksumic
- Form 4 Add MathsHochgeladen vonAry Esun

## Viel mehr als nur Dokumente.

Entdecken, was Scribd alles zu bieten hat, inklusive Bücher und Hörbücher von großen Verlagen.

Jederzeit kündbar.