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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

Diagram 1 shows organelle A, B and C that are found in a cell.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan organel A, B dan C yang dijumpai dalam suatu sel.
Z
X

Organelle A
Organel A

Organelle B
Organel B

Organelle C
Organel C

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

(a)

Name structure X, Y and Z.


Namakan struktur X, Y dan Z.
X :
Y : ....
Z : ....
[3 marks]
[ 3 markah ]

(b) Name and state the functions of :


Namakan dan nyatakan fungsi bagi :
(i) Organelle A : ......
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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

Organel A
Function
Fungsi

: ..................................................................
......................................................................................................

(ii) Organelle B : ..
Organel B
Function
Fungsi

: ............
......................................................................................................
[4 marks]
[ 4 markah ]

(c) Name a cell in a leaf where the organelles C are most abundantly found.
Give a reason for your answer.
Namakan satu sel dalam daun di mana organel C dijumpai dalam kepadatan yang
tinggi.
Nyatakan alasan bagi jawapan anda.

....................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[ 2 markah ]

(d) Organelles A and B on Diagram 1 involve in synthesis of enzyme.


Explain how an enzyme is produced.
Organel A dan B dalam Rajah 1 berperanan dalam penghasilan enzim.
Terangkan bagaimana enzim dihasilkan.
............................................................................................................
.......................

...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]
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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

[ 3 markah ]

Diagram 2.1 shows the structure of a plant cell as seen under an electron microscope.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan struktur satu sel tumbuhan yang dilihat di bawah mikroskop
electron.

Nucleus
Nukleus

Ribosome
Ribosom

Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.1

(a) (i)

Name organelles P, Q and R.


Namakan organel P, Q dan R.
P : ...............................................................................
Q : ...............................................................................
R : ...............................................................................
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(ii) Explain the function of organelle P in the plant cell.


Terangkan fungsi organel P dalam sel tumbuhan.

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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

...............................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(b) The ribosomes in Q synthesize proteins to form hormone.
Explain the effect to the plants growth if the cells in the shoot tip are lacking in
ribosomes.
Ribosom dalam Q mensintesis protein untuk membina hormone.
Terangkan kesan ke atas pertumbuhan suatu tumbuhan jika sel pada bahagian
hujung pucuk tumbuhan kekurangan ribosom.
...............................................................................
..................................................................................
..................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(c) Diagram 2.2 shows a plant.
Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan suatu tumbuhan.

Diagram 2.2
Rajah 2.2
(i)

State the level of cell organisation of part S.


Nyatakan aras organisasi sel bagi bahagian S.
.........................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii)

Explain how the cell organisation is build up.


Terangkan bagaimana organisasi sel bagi S dibina.
..............................................................................................................................
.
..............................................................................................................................
.
..............................................................................................................................
.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(d) Diagram 2.3 shows a variegated leaf.


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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

Rajah 2.3 menunjukkan satu daun beraneka warna.

Purple colour
Warna ungu
Green colour
Warna hijau

Diagaram 2.3
Gambarajah 2.3

Which coloured part of the leaf contains more starch when tested for the presence
of starch ?
Explain your answer.
Bahagian berwarna manakah pada daun mengandungi lebih banyak kanji apabila
ujian kehadiran kanji dilakukan ?
Terangkan jawapan anda.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
3

Diagram 3 shows the three organelles in the plant cell.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan tiga organel dalam sel tumbuhan.

X
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Y
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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

Diagram 3
Rajah 3
(a) Name the organelle X, Y and Z.
Namakan organel X, Y dan Z.
X : ...............................................................................
Y : ...............................................................................
Z : ...............................................................................
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
(b) (i)

Name the structure in the organelle X which is involved in the light reaction
of photosynthesis.
Namakan struktur dalam organel X yang terlibat dalam tindakbalas cahaya
proses fotosintesis.
.........................................................................................................
....................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii)

Describe briefly the function of the structure named in (b)(i) in photosynthesis.


Huraikan secara terperinci fungsi struktur yang dinamakan di (b)(i) dalam
fotosintesis.
..............................................................................................................................
.
..............................................................................................................................
.
..............................................................................................................................
.
[ 2 marks ]
[ 2 markah ]

(iii)

State the substances produce from the reaction in (b)(ii).


Nyatakan bahan yang terhasil dari tindakbalas yang berlaku di (b)(ii).
..............................................................................................................................
.
[ 1 mark ]
[ 1 markah ]

(c) Organelle Z involve in synthesize extracellular enzyme. Explain the relationship


between photosynthesis process in organelle X with organelle Y and organelle Z in
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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

production of the enzyme.


Organel Z terlibat secara aktif dalam sintesis enzim luar sel. Terangkan perkaitan
antara proses fotosintesis yang berlaku dalam organel X dengan organel Y dan
organel Z dalam penghasilan enzim tersebut.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
(d) Organelle Z is found abundantly in the cells of a root cap. Explain what happen to
the cell if the organelle Z is not function ?
Organel Z banyak ditemui di sel jidal akar. Terangkan apa yang akan berlaku
kepada sel jika organel Z tidak berfungsi.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
.....................................................................................................................................
.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

Diagram 4 shows cell organisation in plant. Cells J undergo differentiation and


specialisation to form several tissues in a leaf of a green plant.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan sel organisasi dalam tumbuhan. Sel J mengalami pembezaan
and pengkhususan untuk membentuk beberapa tisu dalam daun suatu tumbuhan hijau.

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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

Cell J
Sel J

Cell
specialisation
Pengkhususan

Cross section
of leaf
Keratan
rentas daun

Xylem
tissue
Tisu xilem

Diagram 4
Rajah 4
(a) Name tissue K and tissue L.
Namakan tisu K dan tisu L.
K : ..
L

: .
[2 marks]
[ 2 markah ]

(b)

State the function of cells K and M in a leaf.


Nyatakan fungsi sel-sel K dan M dalam suatu daun.
K : ..................
M: ..................
[2 marks]

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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

[ 2 markah ]

(c) (i) Explain the differentiation of cells J to form the xylem tissue.
Terangkan pembezaan sel-sel J untuk membentuk tisu xylem.
.............
.............
.............
[2 marks]
[ 2 markah ]

(ii) During the formation of the xylem tissue, the plant was unable to
synthesise lignin.
Explain the effect on the function of the leaf.
Semasa pembentukan tisu xylem, tumbuhan tidak dapat mensintesis lignin.
Terangkan kesannya terhadap fungsi daun.
.............
.............
.............
[2 marks]
[ 2 markah ]

(d) Based on Diagram 4, state the meaning of cell specialization.


Berdasarkan Rajah 4, nyatakan maksud pengkhususan sel.
.................
.................
[2 marks]
[ 2 markah ]
(e) Leaf is the main photosynthetic organ of a plant.
Explain the adaptation of tissue L to enable the leaf to carry out its function.

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SOLAF2014

BIOLOGI

MODUL 1

Daun adalah organ terpenting dalam pengkhususan sel.


Terangkan adaptasi tisu L untuk membolehkan daun menjalankan fungsinya.
.................
.................
.................
.................
[3 marks]
[ 3 markah ]

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