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Mechanics of Materials CH05 Probs62-69

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62

is in. thick and is made of SAE 4340 heattreated steel (see Appendix D for properties).

Determine the maximum safe load P if a

factor of safety of 2 with respect to failure by

yield is specified.

Fig. P5.62

Solution

allow =

yield

FS

132 ksi

= 66 ksi

2

Fillet:

D 3.0 in.

=

= 1.5

d 2.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At

Kt

r 0.4 in.

=

= 0.2

d 2.0 in.

= 19.19 kips

1.72

Hole:

d 0.5 in.

=

= 0.1667

w 3.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At

Kt

K t 1.72

(a)

K t 2.48

= 16.63 kips

2.48

Controlling Load:

The hole controls in this case; therefore,

Pallow = 16.63 kips

(b)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

10 mm thick and is made of cold-rolled 18-8

stainless steel (see Appendix D for

properties). Determine the maximum safe

load P if a factor of safety of 1.5 with respect

to failure by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.63

Solution

allow =

yield

FS

1,138 MPa

= 758.67 MPa

1.5

Small Hole:

d 16 mm

=

= 0.1

w 160 mm

Pallow =

allow At

Kt

= 416,979 N = 417 kN

2.62

Large Hole:

d 64 mm

=

= 0.4

w 160 mm

Pallow =

allow At

Kt

K t 2.62

(a)

K t 2.20

= 331, 056 N = 331 kN

2.20

Controlling Load:

The large hole controls in this case; therefore,

Pallow = 331 kN

(b)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

transmitting an axial tensile load of 500

pounds. After the load is applied, a 1/64-in.diameter hole is drilled through the bar, as

shown in Fig. P5.64.

(a) Determine the stress at point A (on the

edge of the hole) in the bar before and after

the hole is drilled.

(b) Does the axial stress at point B on the

edge of the bar increase or decrease as the

hole is drilled? Explain.

Fig. P5.64

Solution

(a) Stress at point A:

Before hole is drilled:

P

500 lb

A = =

= 1, 000 psi

A (4 in.)(0.125 in.)

d 1/ 64-in.

=

= 0.003906

w

4 in.

A =

Ans.

Kt 3

PK t

(500 lb)(3)

=

= 3, 010 psi

(4 in. 1/ 64-in.)(0.125 in.)

At

Ans.

The axial stress at point B decreases. Since the average stress changes very little with the introduction

of the small hole and since the stress at A is larger than the average stress, the axial stress far from the

hole must be less than the average stress.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

200 mm wide by 25 mm thick and is made of

2014-T4 aluminum (see Appendix D for

properties). Determine the maximum safe

load P if a factor of safety of 2.25 with

respect to failure by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.65

Solution

allow =

yield

FS

290 MPa

= 128.89 MPa

2.25

Hole:

d

80 mm

=

= 0.4

w 200 mm

Pallow =

allow At

Kt

=

= 175, 759 N = 175.8 kN

2.20

Notches:

r 25 mm

=

= 0.25

b 100 mm

Pallow =

allow At

Kt

K t 2.20

d 50 mm

=

=2

r 25 mm

K t 1.95

= 165, 244 N = 165.2 kN

1.95

Controlling Load:

The notches control in this case; therefore,

Pallow = 165.2 kN

(a)

(b)

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

P5.66 is -in.thick and is made of

structural steel (see Appendix D for

properties). Determine the maximum

safe load P if a factor of safety of 3

with respect to failure by yield is

specified.

Fig. P5.66

Solution

allow =

yield

FS

36 ksi

= 12 ksi

3

Fillets:

D 4.0 in.

=

=2

d 2.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At

Kt

r 1.0 in.

=

= 0.5

d 2.0 in.

=

= 4.29 kips

1.40

Hole:

d 0.75 in.

=

= 0.1875

w 4.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At

Kt

allow At

Kt

(a)

K t 2.45

= 3.98 kips

2.45

Notches:

r 0.375 in.

=

= 0.3

b 1.25 in.

Pallow =

K t 1.40

d 0.375 in.

=

=1

r 0.375 in.

K t 1.83

= 2.05 kips

1.83

Controlling Load:

The notches control in this case; therefore,

Pallow = 2.05 kips

(b)

(c)

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

is 20 mm thick, is made of AISI 1020 coldrolled steel (see Appendix D for properties),

and is subjected to a tensile load of P = 100

kN. Determine the minimum radius r that

can be used between the two sections if a

factor of safety of 2 with respect to failure

by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.67

Solution

allow =

Kt =

yield

FS

allow At

Pallow

427 MPa

= 213.5 MPa

2

= 1.708

100, 000 N

D 80 mm

=

=2

d 40 mm

Then, from Fig. 5.15

r

r

=

= 0.25

d 40 mm

rmin = 10 mm

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(d/r = 1) edge grooves, shown in Fig. P5.68,

is made of structural steel (see Appendix D

for properties) and will be subjected to an

axial tensile load P of 10 kips. Determine the

minimum safe width B for the bar if a factor

of safety of 1.8 with respect to failure by

yield must be maintained.

Fig. P5.68

Solution

allow =

yield

FS

36 ksi

= 20 ksi

1.8

Edge Grooves:

d

=1

r

A (20 ksi)(0.5 in.)b

K t = allow t =

=b

10 kips

P

r 0.5 in.

=

b

b

Kt

=1

b

0.5 in.

b =

r /b

1.3

1.2

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

Kt

0.5 in.

b=

r /b

Kt

b

2.02

1.92

1.85

1.75

2.500

2.000

1.667

1.429

0.808

0.960

1.110

1.225

1.1

Kt/b

r

b

1.0

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

r/b

r

0.5 in.

=

= 1.887 in.

0.265 0.265

B = b + 1 in. = 1.887 in. + 1 in. = 2.89 in.

b=

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P5.69, is made of annealed 188 stainless steel (see Appendix D for

properties). The bar is 25 mm thick and will

be subjected to an axial tensile load P of 125

kN. Determine the minimum safe width D for

the bar if a factor of safety of 2 with respect

to failure by yield must be maintained.

Fig. P5.69

Solution

allow =

yield

FS

248 MPa

= 124 MPa

2

Hole:

allow = K t

124 N/mm 2 =

P

At

K t (125, 000 N)

( D 30 mm)(25 mm)

d d 30 mm

= =

D w

w

Kt

= 0.02480 mm 1

( D 30 mm)

D = w =

30 mm

d /w

0.06000

0.05000

d

w

w=D

Kt

Kt

D 30 mm

0.40

0.30

0.20

0.10

75 mm

100 mm

150 mm

300 mm

2.20

2.30

2.42

2.62

0.048889

0.032857

0.020167

0.009704

Kt/(D- 30)

0.04000

0.03000

0.02000

0.01000

0.00000

0.00

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

d/w

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

w=

Kt

= 0.02480 mm 1 , d / w 0.25.

( D 30 mm)

d

30 mm

=

= 120 mm

d /w

0.25

(a)

Fillet:

r 16 mm

=

= 0.25

d 64 mm

A (124 N/mm 2 )(64 mm)(25 mm)

K t = allow t =

1.6

P

125,000 N

D / d = 1.5

D = 1.5(64 mm) = 96 mm

Controlling Plate Width:

The hole controls; therefore,

Dmin = 120 mm

(b)

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

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