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THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF

NIGERIA
THE NIGERIAN

COAT OF ARMS

NATIONAL FLAG

The green colour represents the forests


and abundant natural wealth of the
country while white stands for peace
and unity.

The eagle, two horses,Y shape, green and


yellow colours all represent strength, dignity &
pride, two rivers, fertile soil and national
flower.

DO YOU CARE TO KNOW ABOUT NIGERIA AT ALL?


The federal republic of Nigeria is a federal constitutional republic which has
36 states and a federal capital territory. It is located in the heart of the west
African region and it shares borders with chad and Cameroon in the east,
republic of Benin in the west and Niger in the North. The country has more
than 160 million citizens and that makes her the 9th most populous country
in the world. This is why its known as the giants of Africa.
She gained her independence from Britain on the 1st October, 1960. There
are more than 500 ethnic groups in the country and the three major ones
being the Yorubas, Hausas and Igbos. The official language is English and
there are about 60% of Muslims majorly resident in the northern part the
country.
Nigeria is a member of UN, ECOWAS, African union, commonwealth of
nations, International criminal court, OPEC etc., and this makes her the 8th
worlds largest exporter of crude oil.
The country has one of the highest deposits of natural resources in the
world like tin, cotton, steel, gas, crude oil, aluminum, copper, gold, bronze,

THE NIGERIAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM


Being a mixed economy emerging market, US is the largest trading partner
of the country as it gets 11% of its total oil. Besides South Africa, Nigeria has
the largest economy in the whole of Africa and the largest in the west African
sub-region.
The key movers of the economy are telecommunications, petroleum,
agriculture, science and technology, transport, Nigerian stock exchange
(NSE), manufacturing, service industry etc. Despite all these, corruption,
former military dictatorships regime and mismanagement of resources have
hindered the development of the country.
Transportation in Nigeria is can be traced down to the pre-colonial era when
However, for any nation to develop, one of the key areas to be developed is
the transport sector. This enhances developments in the economic and
social aspects. In view of this, in 2010 the federal government of Nigeria
drafted the National transport policy whose fundamental goal is to develop
an adequate, safe, environmentally sound, efficient and affordable integrated
transport system within the framework of a progressive and competitive
market economy.

TYPES OF TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN NIGERIA


The transport system in Nigeria is mainly divided into three parts namely:
v LAND: This comprises the movements of cars, lorries, jeeps, heavy

vehicles, bicycles, motor bikes, etc. through 198,000 km of road networks


and trains through the 3,500 km of railways.
Although, the road transportation is commonest in the country, yet there
still a number of railways which transport people from one state to another.
As a developing economy, road accidents are the commonest in the
country. All forms of road transportation are deregulated by the government
and therefore, the charged fares are unstable i.e. fluctuate with respect to
the whims and fancies of the bus operator.
Usually, the conductors collect money from the passengers during trips but
in some cases, a concept of OMO which means one man operator still
exists.
Many citizens prefer to travel through buses, metered taxis etc. Also, there is
Bus rapid transit (BRT) in many places. However, accidents mainly occur
through road transportation due to reckless driving, drugism and alcoholism.

A CROSS-SECTION OF ACCIDENTS ON
NIGERIAN ROADS

CONTD.

CONTD.
SEA: This involves travelling from one place to another through boats,
canoes, submarines, ships on seas, rivers, oceans, lakes etc. Nigeria has
approximately 12,932.752 (1.4%) of its total landmass covered by sea.
However, most Nigerians do not like travelling by sea as they believe it
poses a great deal of danger to them.
Goods and cargoes are imported and exported from the country through
this means by the shipping industry which involve the shipping agents. The
sector is also known as Maritime sector in Nigeria and its regulated by
the federal government of the country. The government has made some
policies to enhance the smooth running of the industry and generated a
huge form of revenue into the economy. Also, the annual budget contains
some quotas for the maritime sector.
There are about 8,600km of inland waterways in the country and the sector
is controlled by many delegated authorities.
There are a total of six sea ports in Nigeria which are all spread across the
country.

A CROSS-SECTION OF THE NIGERIAN MARITIME


SECTOR

THE NIGERIAN PORTS AUTHORITY


This is the main body which controls the activities in the maritime sector

CONTD.
v AIR TRANSPORT: No transport organization can operate profitably

unless there is a demand for its services. Air transport in Nigeria


comprises aircraft movements, freight traffic, passenger traffic and mail
traffic. In Nigeria, the demand for air transport has been on the increase
for the past three decades and the growth has significantly contributed
positively to the development of the economy. Fast connections
between the diverse economic situations are better achieved through
air transportation
Nigeria has a total of 22 airports out of which 5 are internationals and
17 local.
The sector is regulated by the federal government under various
designated agencies. Nigeria has a number of local and international
airlines which transport passengers, freights, mails etc. within and
outside the borders of the country.
Among all the modes of transport, air is still the fastest and its time utility
function is the best.
However, there are few number of reported accidents which were

A CROSS-SECTION OF THE NIGERIAN AIR


TRANSPORT

A CROSS-SECTION OF PLANE CRASHES IN NIGERIA

TRANSPORT AUTHORITIES IN NIGERIA


There are lots of transport authorities in Nigeria which control all activities
in the road, sea and airways sectors. All these are under the powers of the
federal government i.e. the federal ministry of transport. These are:
qNigerian Shippers Council (NSC)
qNigerian Ports Authority (NPA)
qNigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA)
qMaritime Academy of Nigeria (MAN)
qNigerian Institute of Transport Technology (NITT)
qNigerian Railway Corporation (NRC)
qNigerian Inland Waterways Authority (NIWA)
qNational Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW)
qFederal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN)
qNigerian Clearing and Forwarding Agency (NCFA)

IMPORTANCE OF TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TO


NIGERIAN ECONOMY
Stimulates national development and enhances quality of life for all.
Allows markets to operate by enabling seamless movement of goods and

people.
Provides access to employment, health, education and services.
Alleviates regional inequality and fosters national integration.
Increases access to markets and links local, regional, national and

international markets.
It increases governments revenues.
It facilitates and boosts the tourism sector.

CHALLENGES AND PROBLEMS


qThe size of the country.
qNigerias vast natural resources.
qEnvironmental pollution and energy consumption.
qPoor government investments in infrastructure development.
qPoor implementation and enforcement of government policies.
qInadequate design and construction.
qPoor maintenance.
qPoor and ineffective transport management.
qAccidents and safety.
qTraffic congestion and parking difficulties.

REFERENCES
Anekwe, C. M. (1987), Some Factors Affecting Transportation
Development In Nigerian Society.

Nigeria, Journal of the Federation of Building and Civil Engineering


Contractors in Nigeria, Vol. 4 No. 2,

Steward, C. E et al: (1976), Loading and Securing Wheel chairs in


transportation

Students, Transportation Research Board, No, 578, Lee, B, et al,


(1972), Taxi Cab Usage in New York City Poverty Areas, Highway
Research Record, No. 403.

ANY QUESTIONS FOR ME?


SELAMAT AIDUL ADHA
BALIK KAMPUNG

TERIMA KASIH!!!!!!!!!!