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Thomas Jeerson HSST’s American Invitational Mathematics Examination

Akshaj Kadaveru Joshua Lee Lilian Wang

1 Rules

1. This is a 3-hour, 15-question contest. This test is meant to be DIFFICULT, so do not be discouraged or intimidated by the problems.

2. This contest (and therefore the submission period) will end on 03:00 am EST, January 27th. Delays, however, are very possible.

3. No aids other than rulers, protractors, compasses, writing utensils, and paper are allowed.

4. All answers are INTEGERS between 000 and 999, inclusive.

5. Include all necessary proceeding 0’s. For example, if an answer obtained is 65, please submit as 065, and if an answer obtained is 9, please submit as 009.

6. A correct answer will give 1 point, while an incorrect answer or a blank submission will give 0 points.

7. Submit all answers on the google doc, along with your username. Please do not troll us; we don’t like trolls.

8. If you have any questions, comments, or concerns, please PM joshualee2000, or just post in the forum.

2

2 T J’AIME

1. Franklyn chooses a random positive divisor of 2016, and calls it x. Then, Franklyn
1. Franklyn chooses a random positive divisor of 2016, and calls it x. Then, Franklyn
randomly chooses a positive divisor of x, and calls it y. The probability that y = 42 can
be expressed as m , where gcd(m,n) = 1. Find m.
n
2. Let point P be in ABC. Let D, E, and F be the feet of the perpendiculars from P to
AB, AC, and BC, respectively. Point P is reflected across AB to D , AC to E , and BC to
1
BF
AD
F . Given that AE
=
=
3 1 , and
= 1, the ratio between the area of D E F to
EC
5 ,
FC
DB
ABC can be expressed as m/n, with m,n positive integers and gcd(m,n) = 1. Find m + n.

3. Consider ABC, where B is acute and greater than C. Let D be the intersection

of the internal angle bisector of A and segment BC. Suppose there exists E on ray AD such that ABC is similar to CDE. If AB = 15 and BD = 10, then AE can be expressed as m/n, where m and n are relatively prime positive integers. Find m + n.

1)( n 4 +3n 2 −4 4. Find the sum of the first 5 positive
1)( n 4 +3n 2 −4
4.
Find the sum of the first 5 positive integers n such that ( n 2 −1
+ 1) is divis-
5
25
ible by 9.
5. Akshaj has a special coin. If n is the largest non-negative integer such that his coin’s
1
last n flips were all heads, then his coin will flip heads with a probability of 2 n+1 (and
1
tails with probability 1 − 2 n+1 ). For example, on the first flip, the coin will flip heads with
a probability of 1 2 because n = 0. Let x be the expected number of flips it will take Ak-
1
shaj to flip four heads in a row. Find 2 x.
6. Let n be the number of distinct ordered pairs (x,y) of positive integers such
6. Let n be the number of distinct ordered pairs (x,y) of positive integers such that 1 ≤
x,y ≤ 49 and x 2 + xy + y 2 is an integer. Find n.
49
n 2 7. Find the number of positive integers n such that 1 ≤ n
n
2
7.
Find the number of positive integers n such that 1 ≤ n ≤ 1000 and 73 is even.
8. In a regular octahedron with side length 1, we inscribe sphere O. Let r be the radius
of the largest possible sphere we can inscribe in the octahedron but outside sphere O.
If r can be expressed in the form v √ w − x √ y where v,w, x,y, z are positive integers such
z
that w,y are square-free and gcd(v, x, z) = 1, find v + w + x + y + z

3

9. Let A and B be two points on a plane, with AB = 28.
9. Let A and B be two points on a plane, with AB = 28. Denote ω 1 as the circle with
center A and radius 20, and denote ω 2 as the circle with center B and radius 32. Let the
intersections of ω 1 and ω 2 be X and Y . Let l be the line passing through X that is per-
pendicular to XY , and let C be the second intersection of ω 2 and l, and let D be the sec-
ond intersection of ω 1 and l. If [Y CD] can be expressed in the form m √ n, where n is not
divisible by the square of a prime, find m + n.
10. If cos 4 (1 ◦ ) + cos 4 (2 ◦ ) + ···
10. If cos 4 (1 ◦ ) + cos 4 (2 ◦ ) + ··· + cos 4 (179 ◦ ) = m where m,n are
relatively prime positive
n
integers, find m + n. (Note: cos 4 (θ) = (cos θ) 4 )

11.

Ant world is a 40 by 40 grid of squares. An ant starts on A, the bottom left corner,

and wants to reach B, the upper right corner, by traveling along the edges of the squares only up and right in the grid. One day, however, the 20 by 20 grid in the bottom right corner of ant world is demolished. If n is the number of ways the ant can still travel from A to B, find the remainder when n is divided by 1000.

12.

There are 10 guests at a party: 5 pairs of identical twins. The 10 guests sit around

a circular table such that each pair of identical twins have at least 2 other people in be- tween them. Assuming the identical twins in each pair are indistinguishable from each other, and the table is fixed to the ground, what are the last 3 digits of the number of ways the 10 guests can be seated?

13. Let x,y be two non-negative real numbers such that y √ 2016 − x
13. Let x,y be two non-negative real numbers such that y √ 2016 − x 2 + x 2016 − y 2 =
2016. Then, the maximum possible value of x + 3y can be expressed as m √ n, where n is
not divisible by the square of any prime. Find m + n.

14. Wolfland is a five by five square grid habituated by five hungry wolves. Each wolf

must live on its own square in the grid. If any two wolves live a distance of less than three away from each other, however, they will riot and eat each other. How many ways can five squares be chosen on the grid for the wolves to peacefully live on? (Note: If we define the square in row r and column c as (r, c), then the distance between (x 1 ,y 1 ) and (x 2 ,y 2 ) is defined as |x 1 x 2 |+|y 1 y 2 |.)

15. Let ABC have incenter I, centroid G, circumcircle ω, and circumcenter O. Let X
15. Let ABC have incenter I, centroid G, circumcircle ω, and circumcenter O. Let X
lie on the minor arc AC of ω such that AX
= 7 4 . Let XG intersect OI at Y . Given AB :
CX
AC : BC = 10 : 17 : 21, if OY can be expressed as p with p,q relatively prime positive
Y I
q
integers, find p + q.