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CE-Conformity of

Stationary Electrical
Storage Systems
Varro Werner, TV-SD Product Service GmbH

CE-Conformity of Stationary
Electrical Storage Systems
[Geben Sie den Untertitel des Dokuments ein]
Like all electrical equipment and consumer
products energy storage systems must meet the
requirements of the applicable laws of the
markets in which they are put into operation. For
most of the storage systems there is no product
standard. It is the responsibility of the
manufacturer to consider the legal requirements
and define and fulfill the safety requirements for
the product. Starting from the basic design of an
energy storage device this paper gives an
overview of existing mandatory and technical
specifications and standards and their application
to the known storage technologies.
Varro Werner, TV-SD Product Service GmbH
12.09.2012

Contents
1
2

3
4
5
6
7
8

Introduction ............................................................................................................... 4
TV-SD Strategy.................................................................................................... 5
2.1 Step 1: Applicable directives, standards and regulations for your product ......... 6
2.2 Step 2: Applicable conformity assessment module ............................................ 8
2.3 Step 3: Risk assessment and measures based on harmonized standards ........ 8
2.4 Step 4: Implementing the measures................................................................. 11
2.5 Step 5: Technical file ........................................................................................ 11
2.6 Step 6: Declaration of Conformity and CE-Marking.......................................... 12
Certification for North America: ............................................................................... 12
Annex 1 Template for a Risk Assessment .............................................................. 14
Risk estimation table .................................................................................................. 23
Annex 2: European battery standards an overview ............................................. 24
European National Stadard Organisations.............................................................. 27
American Standard Organisations .......................................................................... 29
Internet-Links .......................................................................................................... 30
8.1 CE-Marking ...................................................................................................... 30
8.2 EU-Directives and harmonized standards ........................................................ 30
Referneces ............................................................................................................. 31

CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

1 Introduction
During the last years a lot of manufacturers have developed new energy storage systems
based on different technologies and have introduced them or are introducing them into the
countries of the European Union. This products haw to fulfill a lot of requirements that come
from different parties, e.g.:

European Commission - legal requirements


power provider - technical specifications and requirements
residential user technical specifications and requirements

The legal requirements are defined by the European legislation and belong to products
produced in or imported to the European Union. As other products, storage systems must
comply with the CE marking regulations and related directives and bear the CE-mark. With
this mark, the manufacturer, his authorized representative or the importer indicate that the
product meets the legal requirements described in the applicable directive(s). These
requirements are addressing system safety, health and environmental protection. Helpful for
the manufacturers are the harmonized product standards. Following this standards,
compliance is presumed.
The user requirements refer to the function, the quality and the lifetime of the storage system
as well as to economical requirements, e.g. the price. Usually this requirements are defined
at the product specification of the system.
The power provider requires values for power quality e.g.:
standby efficiency
storage efficiency
speed of response
performance curve
stability of voltage and frequency
interfaces to the grid and the management system
of such a storage system.
Table 1 gives an overview of the different requirements and typical specifications for storage
systems.

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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

Table 1: Requirements and typical specification of electrical storage systems


Economic

low investment cost


low operating costs

Environmental

low risks for manufacturing


low risks at operation
recycling

Lifetime

energy cycles
calendar life
high energy efficiency
high energy density/capacityhigh power density
low energy input
low energy loss
low self discharge
low auxiliary energy
requirements of power provider

Power Quality

Grid Quality
Safety

safety and security


low potential damage

This presentation deals with small residential and utility storage systems and presents a
strategy to achieve safety and CE-compliance. Following the same strategy it can be easily
adopted to large storage systems.

2 TV-SD Strategy
All the different requirements mentioned before have to be considered when developing a
storage system. There are a lot of European directives and harmonized standards for
components and subsystems but not for storage systems. Most of them are addressing
applications in vehicles, mobiles, power supplies or information technology equipment and
are not completely applicable to storage systems.
The main problem is:
there are no product standards for stationary storage systems

requirements for mobile applications are oversized

The manufacturer of a energy storage system has to create his own specification/standard
according to the applicable requirements listed before.
One possibility to create such a specification and ensure compliance with the European
requirements is the TV-SD strategy presented in this paper. It is based on a risk
assessment and derived from the conformity procedures for well known products as
machinery, laboratory or medical equipment. The advantages are the following:
proven in use strategy and methodology
based on the CE-marking procedure and EN/ISO/IEC standards
risk assessment will become mandatory with the revised Low Voltage Directive.

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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

Basic steps of the TV-SD strategy are:


Step 1: Find the applicable directives, standards and regulations for your product
Step 2: Determine the applicable conformity assessment module
Step 3: Carry out a risk assessment and define measures based on harmonized standards
Step 4: Implement the measures defined at the risk assessment
Step 5: Create the technical file (TF)
Step 6: Declare conformity and do the CE-marking

2.1 Step 1: Applicable directives, standards and regulations for your product
The New Approach Directives broadly describe the essential requirements for a lot of
product categories that these products have to comply. It is the responsibility of the
manufacturer to indicate how the product complies to the essential directives and standards.
Often European harmonized product standards (EN) are used, because they give precisely
the technical requirements that a product must meet. An advantage to apply harmonized
standards is the presumption of conformity with the essential requirements of the applicable
directive(s).
Depending on the used technology for storage systems the European Directives listed in
table 2 could apply.
Table 2: European Directives
Storage system

European Directive for


Low
Voltage
2006/95
/EU

Electro-chemical storage technology


Lead-Acid
Li-Ion
Sodium-Sulfur
Redox-Flow-Batteries
H2-Energy storag

EMC
2004/1
08/EU

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

Machi
nery
2006/4
2/EU

ATEX

Pressure
Equipment

Pressure
Vessel

Batter
y

ROHS

X
X

X
X

EUP

X
X
X
X
X

Electrical storage technology


Double-layer Capacitor
Superconducting magnetic coil
Mechanical storage technology

Pumped Hydro
X
X
CAES (compressed air)
X
X
Flyweel
X
X
X: EUP is applicable for subsystems or components used, e.g. motors

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

As shown in table 2 for electrical and electro-chemical storage systems the Low Voltage
Directive 2006/95/EU and the EMC-Directive 2004/108/EU are the applicable directives.
Based on these directives the conformity assessment and the harmonized standards have to
be selected and considered during the risk assessment and design of the storage system.
Because for most of the storage systems there are no harmonized product standards
available but there exists a lot of standards for the components and subsystems used, e.g.
batteries, converters, or others, these have to be considered when developing a storage
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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

system. To select appropriate standards it is useful to take a look at the model of an energy
storage system described at Fig. 1. The model describes a technology independent storage
system and is helpful to select applicable standards. For mechanical storage technology
where the Machinery Directive applies, the EN ISO 12100 is the basic standard to be
considered over the product life cycle. In addition for electrical safety, power management or
communication the related product standards apply, e.g. EN IEC 60204-1, EN 61800 or EN
61850.
For electro-chemical applications, the Low Voltage and EMC-Directive applies and e.g. the
standard for battery rooms EN 60272-1 has to be considered.
When software is part of the implemented safety functions, EN 61508 has to by considered.
Fig. 1: Applicable standards for subsystems and components of storage systems

Appendix 2 gives an overview of applicable standards for batteries and storage systems.
It is the responsibility of the manufacturer to identify the applicable standards and then to
design and construct the storage system according to this standards.
Power provider specifies the conditions to connect storage systems to the grid, to operate,
control and maintain them. Typical values are the ratings for voltage, frequency, peak load
management, net load ramping, communication, etc. The specifications are not harmonized
and could differ from one provider to another but the harmonization process is ongoing, the
first results are specified in Germany e.g. at the VDE-AR-N 4105:2011-08.

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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

2.2 Step 2: Applicable conformity assessment module


Conformity Assessment is a mandatory step for the manufacturer in the compliance process
with specific EU legislation. The purpose of conformity assessment is to ensure consistency
of compliance during all stages of the production process to facilitate acceptance of the final
product. EU product legislation gives manufacturers some choice with regard to conformity
assessment, depending on the level of risk involved in the use of their product. These range
from self-certification, type examination and production quality control system, to full quality
assurance system. You can find conformity assessment bodies in individual Member State
country in this list by the European Commission.
The modules cover the design and production phases and are divided into eight assessment
procedures (see table 3):
internal production control (module A);

CE type-examination (module B);

conformity to type (module C);

production quality assurance (module D);

product quality assurance (module E);

product verification (module F);

unit verification (module G);

full quality assurance (module H).

Table 3: conformity assessment modules


Production Phase

Module A
internal production control
Module C
conformity to type
Module D
production quality assurance
Module B
Module E
CE typeproduct quality assurance
examination
Module F
product verification
Module G
unit verification
Module H
full quality assurance

CE-Marking

Manufacturer

Design Phase

For products like storage systems usually Module A is selected, CE-conformity is under the
full responsibility of the manufacturer.

2.3 Step 3: Risk assessment and measures based on harmonized standards


What is risk assessment?
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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

A risk assessment is a careful and systematic examination of locations and situations that
could cause harm to people. Risk assessment requires the examination of a variety of
technical aspects and needs the long-time professional experience and knowledge of safety
experts and safety standards.
Please consider: Risk assessment is teamwork!
The risk assessment is an overall process of
risk identification,

risk analysis and

risk evaluation.

and includes the following (see ISO 31010 or ISO 12100):


Boundary definition
Hazard identification
Risk estimation
Risk evaluation
Risk reduction
Documentation record of results
The manner in which this process is applied is dependent not only on the context of the risk
management process but also on the methods and techniques used to carry out the risk
assessment. There are a lot of technics that can be used, e.g. Check Lists, Brainstorming,
Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP), Preliminary Hazard Analyse (PHA), Failure Mode
Effect Analysis (FMEA), etc. For more details refer to IEC/ISO 31010. In this paper the PHAmethod is used because it is a simple inductive method to identify hazards and hazardous
situations and is most commonly carried ou early in the development of a project.
Nevertheless the PHA can be combined and enlarged easily with HAZOP or FMEA.

2.3.1.1 Boundary definition

Each risk assessment begins with the description of the product to be assessed and consists
the following:

definition of the limits of the system (environment, dimensions, clearance, working


space weight, etc.

definition of the intended use and think about misuse

definition of the time limits: probable lifetime under proper use, service intervals,
preventive maintenance

2.3.1.2 Hazard identification

A hazard is anything that may cause harm, such as electricity, hot surfaces, moving parts,
chemicals, radiation, electromagnetic fields, light,. Each conceivable hazard situation and
each hazard over the product lifecycle (PLC) has to be identified, e.g.:
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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

transport
assembly and Installation
set up
normal operation
service and maintenance
decommitioning
dissasambly and disposal

For each phase of the PLC identify:


all conceivable hazards (electrical, chemical, mechanical, agronomical, radiation, )
possible interaction between the system with the environment
possible malfunctions
the proper use
fix the requirements for personnel, e.g. protective equipment

2.3.1.3 Risk estimation

A risk is the chance - high or low - that somebody could be harmed by these hazards,
together with an indication of how serious the harm could be and depends on. Estimate the
level of risk for each identified hazard, establishing the probability of its occurrence
(frequency) and the severity of potential harm using the table below.
Table 4: Levels of risk used for risk estimation
Severity
Frequency
frequent

probable

occasional

remote

improbable

catastrophic

critical

marginal

negligible

Acute, unacceptable
High, undesirable
Moderate, acceptable with review
Low, acceptable without review

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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

2.3.1.4 Risk evaluation

The decision whether the residual risk is acceptable or whether risk reduction measures are
necessary requires experienced experts. EN ISO standards and others provide relevant
guidance.
2.3.1.5 Risk reduction

Reduce the risk following this three guiding principles:

hazard elimination;
technical protective measures;
user information.

Evaluation
result
Acute

Reduction

High
Moderate
Low

measure
hazard elimination by design required
hazard elimination or technical protective measures
required
protective measures and user information required, define
personel protective equipment for user (PPE)
user information required.

Based on the directives and harmonized standards define at the risk assessment the
measures to be implemented by design or documentation. Keep the records of the risk
assessment to demonstrate compliance with the directives and to demonstrate that the
process was conducted properly and in accordance with European legislation. A practical
template is given in Annex 1.
2.4 Step 4: Implementing the measures
Working out the Risk Assessment is the basic requirement of the TUV strategy. But it is
undesirable to verify if the measures are effective!
Apply the standards and implement the measures worked out at step 3. Review the risk
assessment, to demonstrate that the measures are implemented, than test the performance
of the system as well as the safety functions, if any. Verify by test, e.g. at a testing laboratory
that the requirements of the standards are met and keep the test reports at the technical file.
2.5 Step 5: Technical file
The CE marking directives require the manufacturer of the product to create a technical file
(TF) to demonstrate that the product complies with the requirements of the applicable
directives.
The TF includes the following:
the general description of the product;
general arangement drawing
the list of standards and essential requirements that are met;
the risk assessment to identify health and safety requirements on the applicable
product;
the design and fabrication drawings;
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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

detailed technical information on key aspects of the product;


reporting of calculations and tests;
description of control philosophy/logic
wiring and circuit diagrams including part list
certificates and test reports
manuals for installation, user, maintenance,
for series production, the internal rules that are adhered to ensure accordance with
the Directive(s)
Declaration of Conformity, specifications, datasheets for sub-assemblies
copies of any markings and labels
quality control & commissioning procedures
Declaration of Conformity (DoC) (see 6.1)

2.6 Step 6: Declaration of Conformity and CE-Marking


The conformity to the applicable directives has to be declared with the EC Declaration of
Conformity. With this document the manufacturer, his agent or importer declares that the
product conforms to the essential requirements of the relevant New Approach Directive(s).
Please consider: The DoC is a legal compulsory document!
The Declaration of Conformity contains the following:

Company name, complete address of the manufacturer and, where appropriate, his
agent
Product identification (name, function, model, type, serial number and trade name
and any relevant additional information)
The directives concerned and where appropriate harmonized standards or other
technical standards and specifications (see step 1 and 3)
Identity and signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the manufacturer or
his representative to compile the declaration
The date on which the declaration is issued
When Machinery Directive applies: the name and address of the person who is
responsible to compile the technical file in the Community,
When a notified body is used: name, address and identification number of the

The CE marking symbolizes conformity to all requirements for the product according to the
essential requirements out of the New Approach directives.

3 Certification for North America:


What is the difference between EU requirements and North America Requirements?
The main difference is the listing of the equipment by a Nationally Recognized Testing
Laboratory (NRTL) and the applicable codes and standards, e.g.:
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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

Code of Federal Regulations CFR

National Electrical Code (NEC) and/or Canadian Electrical Code

National or binational standards, e.g. ANSI, NFPA, UL, CAN/CSA.

Usually IEC and ISO standards are not applicable for listing of products for the North
American market. Table 5 gives an overview of the different requirements between European
Union and North Amerika.
Table 5: comparison of requirements EU vs. North America
Step 1:

Step 2:
Step 3:

Step 4:
Step 5:
Step 6:

European Union
Find the applicable directives,
standards and regulations for your
product
Determine the applicable conformity
assessment module
Conduct a risk assessment and define
measures based on harmonized
standards
Implement the measures defined at the
risk assessment)
Create the technical file (TF)
Declare conformity and do the CEmarking

North America
Find the applicable code (CFR),
standards and regulations for your
product
Listing of the product by an NRTL is
required
Conduct a risk assessment and define
measures based on CFR, NEC, CEC,
ANSI, NFPA, UL, CSA standards
Implement the measures defined at
the risk assessment
Create the technical file (TF without
DoC)
print the listing mark onto the product

and voluntary

Once prepared, the same strategy and risk assessment can be used for certification for
North America!

Contact
Werner Varro
Ridlerstr. 65
80339 Mnchen
werner.varro@tuev-sued.de

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CE-Conformity of Stationary Electrical Storage Systems

4 Annex 1 Template for a Risk Assessment

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Projektname:

Risikobeurteilung
Risk Assessment

Nach Anforderungen der


according to requirements of

Maschinenrichtline 2006/42/EG / Niederspannungsrichtlinie 2006/95/EG


Machinery Directive 2006/42/EU / Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EU

und harmonisierten europischen Normen


and harmonized European standards

Projekt: .
Project:

Diese Vorlage wurde von TV SD Product Service GmbH entworfen. Der Anwender ist fr den Inhalt der Risikobeurteilung verantwortlich!
This template is designed by TV SD Product Service GmbH. The applicant of the hazard assessment is responsibility for the content!
by TV-Sd Product Service

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Projektname:

Teammitglieder
Team members
Name
Name

Abteilung/Funktion
Department/Function
Moderator

Datum
Date

Ersteller, Unterschrift
Compiled by, Signature

Datum
Date

Prfung und Freigabe Unterschrift


Approved by, Signature

Mechanik
Mechanics
Elektrik
Electrics
Fluidtechnik
Fluidic
Software
Software
Dokumentation
Documentation

Dokument Historie
Document history
Version
Version
0.1

Datum
Date
01.01.2012

nderungen
Changes

Name
Name

Abteilung
Department

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Projektname:

Projektdaten
Projekt
Project
Kunde
Customer
Auftrags-Nr.
Contract No.
Anlage
Plant
Ausrstung
Equipment
Hersteller / Bevollmchtigter
Manufacture / authorised
representative
Mitgeltende Unterlagen
Referenced documen
Sprache(n)
Language(s)
Ersatz fr
Substitute for

Areal / Area
Modell
Model

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Projektname:

Festlegung anwendbarer Richtlinien und Normen (Ergebnisse der Recherche)


Applicable directives and standards
Richtlinie
Directives
Maschinenrichtlinie 2006/42/EG
Machinery Directive
Elektromagnetische Vertrglichkeit 2004/108/EG
EMC-Directive
Niederspannungsrichtlinie 2006/95/EG
Low Voltage Directive
ATEX Gerte und Schutzsysteme zur Verwendung in
explosionsgefhrdeten Bereichen 94/9/EG
equipment for use in explosive athmospheres
Druckgerte 97/23/EG
Pressure Euqipment
Einfache Druckbehlter 87/404/EWG
Pressure Vessel
Outdoor 2000/14/EG
Outdoor
Umweltgerechte Gestaltung energiebetriebener Produkte
(ko-Design) 2005/32/EG
Batterierichtlinie 2006/66/EG
Battery directive
RoHS 2002/95/EG
Restriction of Hazardous Substances
EuP 2005/32/EG
Ecodesign directive

Anwendbar
applicable

Anwendbare Normen:
Applicable standards

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Projektname:

Grenzen der Anlage


Border of the equipment
1

bestimmungsgeme Verwendung
Verwendungszweck
intend of use
Vorhersehbare Fehlgebrauch
forseeable missuse
Rumliche Grenzen
space limits
Zeitliche Grenzen
time limits
Umfeld der Nutzung
application
gewerblich
residential/industrial
privat
houshold
Nutzergruppen
user group
Fachpersonal
professional
Laien
non-professional
Materialien
gefhrliche Stoffe
hazardous substances

Beschreibung

zugehrige Unterlagen

Beschreibung
description

zugehrige Unterlagen
related documentation

Aufgabe

Qualifikation

zugehrige Unterlagen
related documentation

Material

Verwendung

zugehrige Unterlagen
related documentation
Sicherheitsdatenblatt des Herstellers
safety data sheet

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Projektname:

Lebensphasen
life cycle
Transport, Installation
transpoer, installation
Inbetriebnahme
start up
Betrieb
operation
Wartung und Instandhaltung
service and maintenence
Auerbetriebnahme, Demontage,
Entsorgung
deinstallation and disposal

Beschreibung
description

zugehrige Unterlagen
related documentation

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Projektname:

Gefhrdung
Hazard
1.

Gefahrenort
Place of
hazard

Lebensphase Ursprungs- Schutzmanahme


risiko
Life cycle
Protective measur
Initial risk

Restrisiko
residual risk

Manahme
ausreichend
Precaution fulfilled

Manahmen wer/was/wann
to do, who, what when

Elektrische Gefhrdungen
Electrical hazards:

Voltage

Current

Energy

elctrostatic discharge

arc flash

Lightning

2.

Elektromagnetische Felder
Electromagnetic Fields:

electric fiel

magnetic field

electromagnetic field

3.

Mechanische Gefhrdungen
Mechanical hazards

Crushing hazard

Cutting or severing hazar

Impact hazard

High pressure fluid injection


or ejection hazard

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Projektname:

Gefhrdung
Hazard
4.

Gefahrenort
Place of
hazard

Lebensphase Ursprungs- Schutzmanahme


risiko
Life cycle
Protective measur
Initial risk

Restrisiko
residual risk

Manahme
ausreichend
Precaution fulfilled

Manahmen wer/was/wann
to do, who, what when

Thermische Gefhrdungen
Thermal hazards

burns

scalds

5.

Lrm Gefhrdungen
Noise hazards

hearing loss

interference

6.

Schwingungsgefhrdungen
Vibration hazards

Whole body vibration,

neurological and vascular


disorders
7.

Strahlungsgefhrdungen
Radiation hazards

non ionazing radiation

ionazing radiation

8.

Material / Substanzgefhrdungen
Material / substances hazards):
substances used directly

dust and fumes

9.

Ergonomische Gefhrdungen
Ergonomic hazards

musculoskeletar risks

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Projektname:

Gefhrdung
Hazard

10.

Gefahrenort
Place of
hazard

Lebensphase Ursprungs- Schutzmanahme


risiko
Life cycle
Protective measur
Initial risk

Restrisiko
residual risk

Manahme
ausreichend
Precaution fulfilled

Manahmen wer/was/wann
to do, who, what when

Gefhrdungen im Zusammenhang mit der Einsatzumgebung


Hazards associated with environment

Flooding

Freezing temperatures

Seismic and volcanic


activity
Snow and ice

Storm

11.

Kombination von Gefhrdung


Combination of hazards

Risk estimation table


Severity
Frequency
frequent

probable

occasional
remote
improbable

C
D
E

catastrophic
1

critical
2

marginal
3

negligible
4

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5 Annex 2: European battery standards an overview


Standard Number

Title

Component level
General Battery Standards
IEC 60050
International electrotechnical vocabulary. Chapter 486: Secondary
cells and batteries.
IEC 60086-1
Primary Batteries General
IEC 60086-2

Batteries General

USNEC Article 480

Storage Batteries

Lithium Battery Standards


EN 60086-4
Primary batteries. Safety standard for lithium batteries
IEC 62281. Ed.1.
EN 60086-4

Safety of primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries during


transport
Primary batteries. Safety standard for lithium batteries

Nickel Metal Hydride Battery Standards


EN 61436
Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid
electrolytes. Sealed nickel-metal hydride rechargeable single cells
EN 61808
Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid
electrolytes. Sealed nickel-metal hydride button rechargeable single
cells
EN 61436 Ed 2. Sealed nickel-metal hydride rechargeable single
cells (IEC Document 21A/303/CD)
Nickel Cadmium Battery Standards
EN 2570
Nickel-cadmium batteries. Technical specification
EN 2985

Nickel-cadmium batteries of format A type

EN 2986

Nickel-cadmium batteries of format B type

EN 2987

Nickel-cadmium batteries of format C type

EN 2988

Nickel-cadmium batteries of format D type

EN 2991

Nickel-cadmium batteries of format E type

EN 2993

Nickel-cadmium batteries of format F type

EN 60285

Alkaline secondary cells and batteries. Sealed nickel-cadmium


cylindrical rechargeable single cells
Sealed nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells

EN 60622
EN 60622

EN 60623

Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid


electrolytes. Sealed nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single
cells
Vented nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells

EN 60623

Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid

EN 60993

electrolytes. Vented nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single


cells
Electrolyte for vented nickel-cadmium cells

EN 61440

Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid


electrolytes. Sealed nickel-cadmium small prismatic rechargeable
single cells
EN 62259
Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid
electrolytes. Nickel-cadmium prismatic secondary single cells with
partial gas recombination
94/216281 DC
Guide to the equipment manufacturers and users of alkaline
secondary cells and batteries on possible safety and health hazards.
Part 1:Nickel-cadmium. (21A/163/CD)
IEC 1914.
Technical report type 2. Alternative publication for vented nickelcadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells
IEC 61959-1, ED.1
Mechanical tests for sealed portable alkaline secondary cells and
batteries. Part 1. Secondary cells
EN 60285. Ed.4.
Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid
electrolytes. Sealed nickel-cadmium cylindrical rechargeable single
cells
Lead Acid Battery Standards
IEC/TR 62060
Monitoring of lead-acid stationary batteries User guide
EN 60896-1

Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of


test. Vented types
EN 60896-2
Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of
test. Valve regulated types
EN 60896-11
Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of
test. Vented types. General requirements and methods of tests
EN 61429
Marking of secondary cells and batteries with the international
recycling symbol ISO 7000-1135
EN 60896-1 Ed.2.
Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of
test. Part 1. Vented types
IEC 60254-1
Lead-acid traction batteries. Part 1. General requirements and
methods of tests
EN 60095-1
Lead-acid starter batteries. General requirements and methods of
test
Photovoltaic Battery Standards
IEC 61427
Secondary cells for solar photovoltaic energy systems General
requirements and test methods
EN 50314-1
Photovoltaic systems. Charge regulators. Part 1. Safety. Test
requirements and procedures
EN 50314-2.

Photovoltaic systems. Charge regulators. Part 2. EMC. Test


requirements and procedures
EN 50314-3.
Photovoltaic systems. Charge regulators. Part 3. Performance. Test
requirements and procedures
EN 50315-1.
Accumulators for use in photovoltaic systems. Part 1. Safety. Test
requirements and procedures
EN 50315-2.
Accumulators for use in photovoltaic systems. Part 1. Performance.
Test requirements and procedures
Subsystem and System level
IEC 61508
Functional safety of Electrical/Electronic/Programmable Electronic
Safety Related Systems
EN 45510-2-3
EN 50272-2

Guide for the procurement of power station equipment. Electrical


equipment. Stationary batteries and chargers
Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations.
Stationary batteries
Page 25 of 31

EN60950-1

Low Voltage Directive (Safety)

IEC/TR2 61430

Test methods for determining the performance of devices designed


for reducing explosion hazards - Lead-acid batteries
Possible safety and health hazards in the use of alkaline secondary
cells and batteries - Guide to equipment manufacturers and users
Guidelines for equipment intended for use in potentially Explosive
Atmospheres (ATEX) Tests
Stationary Battery
Standards for different UPS Topologies and Methods of Performance
Measurement ( V indicates a prestandard)
Batteries and accumulators containing certain dangerous
substances. (Currently being revised)
Marking of secondary cells and batteries with the international
recycling symbol ISO 7000-1135

IEC/TR2 61438
ATEX Directive 94/9EC
IEC 60896-1
IEC 62040-3 ENV 50091-3
EEC Directive 91/157
EN 61429

Communication level Battery Monitoring Standards


IEC/TR 61431

Guide for the use of monitor systems for lead-acid traction batteries

EN 61850

Standard for the design of electrical substation automation

IEC/TR 62060

Secondary cells and batteries - Monitoring of lead acid stationary


batteries - User guide

Grid conformity
VDE-AR-N 4105

Erzeugungsanlagen am Niederspannungsnetz

Further links to applicable standards:


United Nations recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods
Functional Safety Standards
Military Standards

Page 26 of 31

6 European National Stadard Organisations


AENOR

AFNOR

AS

BSI

CEN

CENELEC

DIN

DS

Asociacin Espaola de Normalizacin y Certificacin


(AENOR)
Gnova 6
E-28004 Madrid
Telefon: + 34 91 432 60 00
Telefax: + 34 91 310 31 72
E-Mail: info@aenor.es
Association Franaise de Normalisation
11 Avenue Francis de Pressens
F93571 Saint-Denis La Plaine Cedex
Telefon: + 33 1 41 62 80 00
Telefax: + 33 1 49 17 90 00
Austrian Standard
Heinestrae 38
A-1020 Wien
Telefon: + 43 1 213 00 0
Telefax: + 43 1 213 00 355
E-Mail : office@as-plus.at
British Standards Institution
389 Chiswick High Road
GB-London W4 4AL
Telefon: + 44 208 996 90 01
Telefax: + 44 208 996 70 01
E-Mail: cservices@bsigroup.com
European Comittee for Standardization
Avenue Marnix 17 B-1000 Brussels
Telefon: + 3225500811
Telefax: + 3225500819
E-Mail: infodesk@cenorm.be
European Comittee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Avenue Marnix 17
B-1000 Brussels
Telefon: + 3225196871
Telefax: + 3225196919
E-Mail: info@cenelec.eu
Deutsches Institut fr Normung e.V.
Burggrafenstr. 6
D-10787 Berlin
Telefon: + 49 30 26 01 0
Telefax: + 49 30 26 01 12 31
E-Mail: postmaster@din.de
Dansk Standard
Kollegievej 6
DK-2920 Charlottenlund
Telefon: + 45 39 96 61 01
Telefax: + 45 39 96 61 02
E-Mail: dansk.standard@ds.dk

Page 27 of 31

ELOT

IBN/BIN

ILNAS

IPQ

IST

NEN

NSAI

NSF

SFS

Hellenic Organization for Standardization


313 Acharnon Street
GR-11145 Athens
Telefon: + 30 210 21 20 100
Telefax: + 30 210 21 20 131
E-Mail: info@elot.gr
Bureau de Normalisation
Rue de Birmingham 131
BE-1070 Bruxelles
Telefon: + 32 2 738 01 11
Telefax: + 32 2 733 42 64
Institut luxembourgeois de la normalisation
B.P. 10
L-2010 Luxembourg
Telefon: + 352 46 97 46 1
Telefax:+ 352 22 25 24
E-Mail: info@ilnas.public.lu
Instituto Portugues da Qualidade
Rua Antonio Giao 2
P-2829-513 Caparica
Telefon: + 351 21 294 81 00
Telefax: + 351 21 294 81 01
E-Mail: ipq@mail.ipq.pt
Icelandic Standards
Sklatn 2
IS-105 Reykjavik
Telefon: + 354 520 71 50
Telefax: + 354 520 71 71
E-Mail: stadlar@stadlar.is
Nederlands Normalisatie-Instituut
Postbus 5059
NL-2600 GB Delft
Telefon: + 31 152 690 390
Telefax: + 31 152 690 190
E-Mail: info@nen.nl
National Standards Authority of Ireland Northwood
Stantry
IRL-Dublin 9
Telefon: + 353 1 807 38 00
Telefax: + 353 1 807 38 38
E-Mail: info@nsai.ie
Norges Standardiseringsforbund
P.O. Box 242
NO-1326 Lysaker
Telefon: + 47 67 83 86 00
Telefax: + 47 67 83 86 01
E-Mail: info@standard.no
Suomen Standardisoimisliitto r.y.
PO Box 130
FIN-00101 Helsinki Finland
Telefon: + 358 9 149 93 31
Telefax: + 358 9 146 49 25
E-Mail: sfs@sfs.fi
Page 28 of 31

SIS

SNV

UNI

UNMZ

Standardiseringen i Sverige
Sankt Paulsgatan 6
S - 118 80 Stockholm
Telefon: + 46 8 555 520 00
Telefax: + 46 8 555 520 01
E-Mail: info@sis.se
Schweizerische Normen-Vereinigung
Burglistrae 29
CH-8400 Winterthur
Telefon: + 41 52 224 54 54
Telefax: + 41 52 224 54 74
E-Mail: info@snv.ch
Ente Nazionale Italiano
di Unificazione Via Sannio 2
I-20137 Milano MI
Telefon: + 39 02 70 02 41
Telefax: + 39 02 70 02 43 75
E-Mail: uni@uni.com
Czech Office for Standards
Metrology and Testing Biskupsky dvur 5
CZ-128 01 Praha 2
Telefon: +420 224 907 175
Telefax: +420 224 915 064
E-Mail: posta@unmz.cz

7 American Standard Organisations


ANSI
(American National Standards
Institute)
OSHA
(Occupational Safety and Health
Administration)
NFPA
(National Fire Protection
Association)
CSA
(Canadian Standards Association)
CCOHS
(Canadian Center for Occupational
- Health and Safety)
NIOSH
(National Institute of Occupational
Health and Safety)
NSC
(National Safety Council)
ASSE
(American Society of Safety
Engineers)
RIA
(Robotic Industries Association)

http://www.ansi.org

http://www.osha.gov

http://www.nfpa.org

http://www.csa.ca
http://www.ccohs.ca

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/homepage.html

http://www.nsc.org
http://www.asse.org

http://www.robotics.org

Page 29 of 31

8 Internet-Links
8.1 CE-Marking
http://www.newapproach.org/ New Approach Standardisation in the Internal Market
http://www.eg-richtlinien-online.de/
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/newapproach/nando/ Notified Bodies
8.2 EU-Directives and harmonized standards

General Product Safety:


http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/european-standards/harmonised-standards/general-productsafety/index_en.htm
Low Voltage
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/european-standards/harmonised-standards/lowvoltage/index_en.htm
EMC
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/european-standards/harmonised-standards/electromagneticcompatibility/index_en.htm
Machinery
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/european-standards/harmonisedstandards/machinery/index_en.htm
ATEX
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/european-standards/harmonised-standards/equipmentexplosive-atmosphere/index_en.htm
Pressure Equipment
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/european-standards/harmonised-standards/pressureequipment/index_en.htm
Pressure Vessel
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/european-standards/harmonised-standards/simple-pressurevessels/index_en.htm

Page 30 of 31

9 Referneces
(1)

(2)

(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)

(8)
(9)
(10)

(11)

(12)
(13)

(14)

Bundesministerien BMWI und BMU Energiekonzept fr eine umweltschonende, zuverlssige


und bezahlbare Energieversorgung Bericht, Bundesministerium fr Wirtschaft und Technologie
(BMWI) und Bundesministerium fr Umwelt (BMU), September 2010.
Prof. Dr.-Ing. W. Mauch, Dipl.-Ing. T. Mezger, Dipl.-Phys. T. Staudacher, Forschungsstelle fr
Energiewirtschaft e.V., Mnchen: Anforderungen an elektrische Energiespeicher Stationrer
und mobiler Einsatz
Webpage Active Power, Inc.: http://www.activepower.com, Accessed: 8 Aug 2011.
T. B. Atwater and Arthur Dobley, Metal/Air batteries, Lindens Handbook of Batteries, 2011,
ISBN 978-0-07-162421-X.
Dena - power grid study II: Integration erneuerbarer Energien in die deutsche Stromversorgung
im Zeitraum 2015-2020 mit Ausblick 2025, Report, German Energy Agency (DENA), 2010.
Electric Power Research Institute: Electric Energy Storage Technology Options White Paper,
2010.
VDE - ETG Energy Storage Task Force: Energy storage in power supply systems with a high
share of renewable energy sources Significance - state of the art - need for action, Report, Dec
2008.
C. Hoffmann: Design of transport- and storage capacities in energy supply systems with high
shares of renewable energies; IRES, Berlin, 2010.
P. Patel: http://spectrum.ieee.org/energy/the-smarter-grid/batteries-that-go-with-the-flow, Article,
May 2010, Accessed 10 April 2011.
A. Jossen: Redox-Flow Batterien Ein System zur Langzeitspeicherung, Forum Elektrische
Energiespeicher - Netzoptimierung bei regenerativer Stromerzeugung, Nrnberg/Germany, 6
Dec 2007.
Webpage RWE ADELE:
www.rwe.com/web/cms/en/365478/rwe/innovations/powergeneration/energystorage/compressed-air-energy-storage/project-adele , Accessed 8 April 2011.
Simon Schwunk: Battery systems for storing renewable energy, Report, Fraunhofer-Institut fr
Solare Energie, April 2011.
T. Smolinka, et al.: Stand und Entwicklungspotenzial der Speichertechniken fr Elektroenergie
Ableitung von Anforderungen an und Auswirkungen auf die Investitionsgterindustrie, BMWiAuftragsstudie 08/28, 2009.
P. Wolfrum, F. Steinke, C. Hoffmann: EES Requirements for a renewable Europe, Presentation,
IEC Workshop EES, Freiburg, 31 May 2011.

Page 31 of 31