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Green manufacturing

Group number 7
Abstract

Due to recent climate change and increasing scarcity of energy and material
resources, need for implementing technologies and processes that will
reduce effect on environment is increasing. So green manufacturing has
become necessary.

There are some favors and some challenges in

implementing the green manufacturing. Companies need to implement the


green

manufacturing

in

planned

manner.

Planning,

executing

and

communicating are the important aspects of framework to be followed by


companies. Green manufacturing has wide applications as use of clean
energy, waste management, recycling etc.

Introduction

sustainable

Sustainable manufacturing tries to

What is meant by green?

reduce effect on capability of future

Green refers to the ecological


sustainability.

It

manufacturing.

encompasses

resource

consumption.

manufacturing

tries

Green

to

reduce

many concerns as global warming,

effect on environment and in way

air

to do so it tries to have efficient

contamination,

population

growth,

waste,
scarcity

of

energy resources, pollution, social /


political

stability

etc.

Rising

concern for green is due to three


major factors:

resource consumption.
Forces

change

for

green

manufacturing
A

1. Rise in emissions and climate

driving

number

of

companies

have

started adopting Green initiatives


as

an

integral

part

of

their

operations. These initiatives are

2. Depletion of energy resources


3. Increasing waste generation and

driven by five factors:

pollution

1. Rising energy and input costs

What is green manufacturing?

2.Growing consumer pull for Green


products

Green
related

to

manufacturing

is

manufacturing

of

products such that same product

3. Increasing regulatory pressures


as policy makers introduce new
and stricter environmental

quality is obtained with minimum

and waste management laws

impact

4. Technological advances which


open up new attractive business
opportunities

on

environment,

society

and economy. Though effects on


society

and

economy

are

important, main focus of green


manufacturing

is

to

reduce

environmental

effects.

Green

manufacturing can be related to

Motivators
manufacturing

for

1. Continuous improvement

green

By engaging employees in
additional

improvements

operations

and

products

in

Strategies and practices of green


manufacturing can provide means
additional

work

on.

improvements

Therefore

they

to
are

included in approach of continuous


improvement.

Pressure

from

society

costumers

makes

their jobs effective and efficient.

for

4.

With increasing awareness,


pressure
increasing.

from

costumers

People

are

is

realizing

their power to influence the level of


sustainability and become a main
driver of green manufacturing in
various industries.
5. Scarcity of resources and its

2. Competition

risks

By using green technologies,


companies

can

get

advantage

over

other

products.

awareness

among

Nowadays

competitive

Conventional energy sources


are finite. Fossil fuels will become
scarce

in

future.

Many

costumers about green products

manufacturing industries are facing

have increased. So companies can

scarcity of raw metals. Faced with

improve

giving

the scarcity and the coexisting

green product alternatives to other

price pressure, the gap for new

market products.

technologies and industries came

their

image

by

up, dealing with the recycling of


3. Pressure from government
To

control

the

effects

materials
of

various industrial and civil activities


on environment, governments are
establishing strict regulations and
laws.

So

there

is

increasing

pressure to find and

implement

green manufacturing processes.

and

alternative,

environmentally

friendly

more
mining

technologies.
Barriers

for

manufacturing
1. Risk of business

green

In every business there is

and overhaul business operations

basic risk in implementation and

towards Green processes.

success of green manufacturing

2. Execute

practices. But facing the current


economic

trend,

interest

decrease

of

insustainable

Executing

green

manufacturing

practices

can

be

grouped into three aspects:

manufacturing is not expected to

Green energy - Increase use of

happen.

clean

can

highest

be

seen

barrier

that

to

the

Green

Manufacturing initiatives perceived


by

the

industry

investment

costs

amortization

time

is

too

and

high
longer

compared

to

conventional solutions. It is a most


common barrier in implementing
new concepts. For example, using
solar

energy

implemented

is
due

generally
to

very

not
high

initial cost of solar panels.

increase

in

Green products - Design products


for

sustainability

over

entire

product life cycle. Develop new


products so that they will reduce
effects

on

delivering

environment
same

while

quality

and

functionality.
Green

processes

maximum

Try

to

use

manufacturing

processes

using

green

technologies. Reduce the wastage


by improving processes. Increase
the recycling.

Framework for companies to


implement

green

manufacturing

3. Communicate
Create

awareness

about

green products among employees


and customers. Publicize the green

1. Plan
Companies

and

efficiency of energy use.

2. High investment cost


It

energy

need

to

plan

comprehensively to increase the


use of Green energy, shift the
product portfolio to Green products

orientation of the firm.


Applications
manufacturing

of

green

Major application of green


manufacturing
energy

is

sources.

application into practice, it needs

using

clean

to be economically viable. IBM has

Problems

with

made billions of dollars by recycling

conventional energy resources are

the electronic devices.

pollution and increasing scarcity.

Waste reduction and waste

Energy resources like solar energy,

management

wind energy, geothermal energy,

green manufacturing. By reducing

hydrogen power, energy produced

wastes, resources are saved and

from waste etc. can be used in

thus

industrial

and

manufacturing

applications.

Exploiting

from

sources

these

domestic
energy
itself

is

industry.

is

overall

manufacturing

is

recycling.

of

efficiency
increases.

of
Waste

management can help to dispose


the

harmful

manufacturing

Another application of green

application

byproducts
and

of

reduces

harmful effects on environment.


Developing

new

products

Recycling reduces the load on input

that are compatible with green

material

fresh

manufacturing

back

application. For example, finding

materials harmful to environment

new refrigerants that will cause

or non degradable materials into

ozone depletion.

resources.

product

supply
It

cycle.

from

also

To

bring

bring

any

is

also

one