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Statutes relating to traffic control.

May 2007

(a) General. State statutes establish the legal framework for regulation, warning, and guidance of highway traffic.
The following subdivisions list portions of the Consolidated Laws of New York related to traffic control. This list is
presented only as a guide to subject matter. It does not necessarily represent a complete and up-to-date tabulation of
pertinent statutes.
(b) Vehicle and Traffic Law.
(1) Definitions of words and phrases.
100- a through 159 Definitions of terms
(2)

Department of Motor Vehicles.


207
Uniform summons for traffic violations
210
Highway safety and driver training programs

(3) Vehicle size and weight.


393
Power to weigh and measure vehicles and responsibility for damage by vehicles in
violation of limits
(4) Rules of the road.
1100
Application to motor vehicle traffic on highways and private roads
1101
Obedience to traffic laws
1102
Obedience to police officers
1103
Obedience by public officials, with exceptions for work on highway and hazard vehicles
1104
Privileges of emergency vehicle drivers
1105
Obedience by persons riding animals or driving animal-drawn vehicles
1110
Obedience to traffic control devices and requirements for official signs
1111
Meanings of, and obedience to, traffic-control signal indications
1112
Meanings of, and obedience to, pedestrian-control signal indications
1113
Meanings of, and obedience to, flashing signal indications
1114
Unauthorized devices
1115
Interference with devices
1116
Meanings of, and obedience to, lane direction control indications
1120
Driving on the right side of roadway
1121
Passing to the right side of vehicles proceeding in the opposite direction
1122
Basic provisions for overtaking a vehicle on the left
1123
Permission for overtaking a vehicle on the right
1124
Limitations on overtaking a vehicle on the left
1125
Limitations on driving to the left of the center of roadway
1126
No-passing zones
1127
Driving on one-way roadways and at rotary traffic islands
1128
Driving on roadways laned for traffic
1129
Following too closely
1130
Driving on divided and controlled access highways
1140
Right-of-way at intersections
1141
Right-of-way for vehicles turning left
1142
Right-of-way for vehicles entering a stop or yield intersection
1143
Right-of-way for vehicles entering a highway from a private driveway
1144
Right-of-way upon approach of emergency vehicles
1145
Right-of-way for vehicles approaching rotary traffic circles or islands
1150
Pedestrian obedience to traffic control signals
1151
Pedestrian right-of-way in crosswalks
1151-aPedestrian right-of-way on sidewalks
1152
Pedestrians right-of-way when crossing a roadway outside a crosswalk
1153
Rights and duties of blind pedestrians
1154
Driver avoidance of pedestrians
155
Walking on right side of crosswalk
1156
Walking on roadways
1157
Soliciting rides or business
1160
Position and method of turning at intersections
1161
Prohibition of U-turns in certain locations
1162
Starting a parked vehicle

Statutes relating to traffic control.

May 2007

1163
Requirements for making turning movements
1164
Requirements for hand-and-arm signals or signal lamps
1165
Method of giving hand-and-arm signals
1166
Position and method of turning at private driveways
1170
Obedience to signals indicating the approach of trains
1171
Requirement for certain vehicles to stop at all railroad crossings
1172
Obedience to stop and yield signs
1173
Emerging from an alley, driveway, or building
1174
Stopping for a stopped school bus
1175
Obstructing traffic at an intersection
1180
Basic speed rule and obedience to posted speed limits
1180-aLimitations on establishing maximum speed limits
1181
Obedience to minimum speed regulations
1182
Speed contests and races
1190-1196
Reckless driving and driving while intoxicated
1200
Basic rules for stopping, standing and parking
1201
Stopping, standing and parking outside business or residence districts
1202
Stopping, standing and parking in specified places
1203
Parallel and angle parking, and parking limitations for persons selling or repairing vehicles
1203-a
Parking for vehicles with handicapped parking permits
1203-b
Parking for vehicles with disabled person license plates
1204
Removal of illegally stopped vehicles
1211
Backing
1214
Opening and closing vehicle doors
1215
Driving on mountain highways
1216
Coasting
1217
Following emergency fire vehicles
1218
Crossing fire hose
1219
Placing glass or other injurious substances on highways
1220
Throwing refuse. on highways and adjacent lands
1221
Driving through a safety zone
1224
Vehicle abandonment
1225
Avoiding a traffic control device
1225-a
Driving on sidewalks
1229-a
Pedestrians, animals and non-motorized vehicles on state expressway highways and
state interstate route highways
1230
Actions of minors upon highways and bike paths
1231
Application of traffic laws to persons riding bicycles
1232
Method of riding a bicycle
1233
Clinging to vehicles by persons on bicycles and play vehicles
1234
Positions and procedures for bicycle riding
1235
Carrying articles on a bicycle
1251
Method of riding a motorcycle
1252
Operation of motorcycles on roadways laned for traffic
1253
Clinging to vehicles by persons on motorcycles
(5) Powers of state and local authorities
1600
Limitations of powers
1601
Rights of owners of real property to regulate traffic
1602
Closing of streets and control of traffic during emergencies
1603
Delegation of powers to officials, boards, or agencies
1604
Guarantees on free use of public highways
1610
Department of Transportation to facilitate adoption of uniform ordinances and devices
1611
Department of Transportation orders considered rules and regulations
1612
Supreme Court jurisdiction with respect to Department of Transportation orders
1613
Judicial review of Department of Transportation orders
1620
Department of Transportation authority for speed regulations on state highways and
highways in Indian reservations
1621
Department of Transportation authority for traffic regulations on state highways and
highways in Indian reservations
1622
Department of Transportation authority for speed regulations on county roads and town
highways

Statutes relating to traffic control.


1623
1624
1625
1626
1628
1630
1631
1632
1640
1640-a
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1650
1651
1652
1652-a
1652-b
1660
1660-a
1662
1662-a
1663
1664
1670
1675
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685

May 2007

Department of Transportation authority for traffic regulations on state properties


Department of Transportation authority to prevent establishment of local speed limits on
state highways and require reporting of local speeding convictions
Authority for traffic regulations on restricted highways
Department of Transportation authority to regulate rest areas, parking areas, and scenic
overlooks
Department of Transportation authority for traffic regulations on barge canal bridges
Authority of public authorities and commissions for traffic regulations on highways under
their jurisdiction
Regulation of overtaking and passing on the New York State Thruway
Traffic regulations on the New York State Thruway in cities of over one million
population
City and village authority for traffic regulations
City and village authority for traffic regulations on driveways and in parking areas
City and village authority for traffic regulations on non-state highways
Traffic regulation authority in cities of over one million population
City and village authority for speed regulations
City and village authority for speed regulations on bridges
Exceptions to city and village traffic regulation authority
County superintendent of highways authority for traffic regulations on county roads
County superintendent of highways authority for traffic regulations on county roads
outside cities and villages
County superintendent of highways authority for speed regulations on bridges
County superintendent of highways authority to provide traffic control devices on city,
village, and town highways
Suffolk County superintendent of highways authority for traffic control on village and
town highways
Town authority for traffic regulations
Town authority for traffic regulations on driveways and in parking areas
Authority of Suffolk County towns for parking regulations in congested areas
Town authority for speed regulations
Town authority for speed regulations on town highway bridges
Exceptions to town traffic regulation authority
Authority of local authorities and school districts for traffic regulations on municipal
properties
Functions of county traffic safety boards
Adoption of a manual of uniform traffic control devices
Installation, operation, and maintenance of state traffic control devices
Installation, operation, and maintenance of local traffic control devices
Traffic regulation posting requirements
Approval of local traffic regulations and control devices on state highways
Authority for, and obedience to, stop signs at railroad-highway grade crossings

(6) Registration of snowmobiles, motorboats, and limited use vehicles.


2221
Definition of snowmobile
2227
Department of Motor Vehicles authority for rules and regulations governing snowmobile
registration
2229
Snowmobiles are not motor vehicles
2262
Limitations on use of limited use vehicles
2268
Motor-assisted vehicles may not be registered
2270
Department of Motor Vehicles authority for rules and regulations governing limited use
vehicle registration
(c) County Law.
215
(d) Education Law.
362
5708

County board of supervisors authority to regulate use of parking areas on county


property
Authority of the state university for traffic regulation on university grounds
Authority of Cornell University for traffic regulation

Statutes relating to traffic control.

May 2007

(e) Environmental Conservation Law.


11-1101
Placing or setting wildlife traps on a public highway
71-3501
Noisome or unwholesome substances or business on or near highways
(f) General Business Law.
599
Definition of traffic control device
599-a
Sale of traffic control devices
599-b
Department of Transportation certificates of approval for sale of non-conforming
traffic control devices
599-c
Penalties for selling improper traffic control devices
599-d
Sale of traffic control devices in cities of over one million population
599-e
Department of Transportation authority to adopt regulations regarding approval of
non-conforming traffic devices
(g) General Municipal Law.
125-a
180
208-a

Posting signs on dead-end roads


Registration, inspection, and use of bicycles
School and church crossing guard traffic control authority

(h) Highway Law


10

Signs for detours and temporary routes established in connection with state highway
construction

14

Rules and regulations for protection of state highways and use of chains or armored
tires
Provision of roadside rest areas along state highways
Establishment and identification of temporary detours in connection with maintenance of
state highways
Use of federal aid monies for construction of traffic control devices to serve mass
transportation passengers
County superintendent of highways responsibility for signs on detours and temporary
routes and authority for installation of signs regarding penalties for putting injurious
substances on roads
Requirements for posting closed highways
Designation of highways under construction or reconstruction as restricted highways
Signs for detours and temporary routes established connection with town highway
construction
Erection of guide boards by town highway superintendents
Designation of town highways as seasonal limited use highways
Signing of load limits on state highway bridges, and posting of closed state highway
bridges
Requirements for posting closed county road and town highway bridges and for signing
load limits on county road and town highway bridges
Bicycles and tricycles guaranteed free use of highways

20
42-a
80
102
104
104-a
140
154
205-a
230
231
316

(i) Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation Law.


21.05
Definitions of terms relating to snowmobiles
25.01
Adoption of rules and regulations for uniform signs or markers to control, direct or
regulate snowmobile operation and use
25.03
General rules for operation of snowmobiles
25.05
Rules for snowmobile operation on highways
25.09
Designation and posting of highways on which snowmobile travel is to be permitted
(j) Public Authorities Law.
361

Authority of the New York State Thruway Authority to control traffic

(k) Railroad Law.


53
53-a

Signs, flagmen, and gates at railroad-highway grade crossings


Warning signs at railroad-highway grade crossings

Statutes relating to traffic control.


53-b
53-3
(l) Transportation Law.
14
(m) Town Law.
64
130
198
(n) Village Law.
89

May 2007

Ringing bells and blowing whistles at railroad-highway grade crossings


Obstruction of railroad-highway grade crossings
Authority and responsibility of the Department of Transportation to regulate and
control traffic
Town authority to grant permits for use and occupancy of streets, highways, and public
places; to name and number streets and provide street signs; and to purchase, install,
and operate traffic signals
Town ordinances for parking regulations near fire houses and hydrants and regulations
on use of streets, highways, and sidewalks
Regulation of public parking places and use of parking meters
Village authority to name streets; conduct road work; regulate use of streets and
sidewalks; regulate excavating in streets; and regulate peddling, advertising, and
banners

(o) Statutes not consolidated by the legislature. The New York State Defense Emergency Act, with amendments, also contains provisions relating to control of traffic. Relevant sections are listed below (section numbers
are those in McKinney's Unconsolidated Laws of New York).
9123
Requirements for cities and counties to control pedestrian and vehicular traffic during civil
defense tests and drills, and during and subsequent to attack, and for recruiting,
equipping, and training police to maintain order and control traffic
9181
Vehicular traffic violation or disobedience a misdemeanor