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Contents
midas Civil
1. Detail analysis in midas Civil

2. Nonlinear Static Analysis in midas Civil

midas FEA
1. Detail analysis in midas FEA

14

2. Creaking Analysis in midas FEA

27

Midas Civil

Detail analysis in midas Civil

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Analysis Capability of midas Civil

Static Analysis
Construction Stage Analysis

Moving Load Analysis


Modal Analysis
Linear Buckling Analysis
Transient / Frequency / Spectrum Response Analysis
Material / Geometry Nonlinearity Analysis
Reinforcement Analysis
Heat Transfer Analysis

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Available Detail Analysis in midas Civil


Linear Static Analysis

Nonlinear Static Analysis

Buckling Analysis

Heat Transfer Analysis


& Heat of Hydration Analysis

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Detail analysis in midas Civil

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Nonlinear static analysis

High end analysis functions


to represent nonlinear
behaviors of structures after
elastic limits
Various hardening models,
which define the behaviors
from the elastic limits to
maximum stress points
(Isotropic hardening,
Kinematic hardening &
Mixed hardening)
Various failure models
frequently encountered in
civil engineering practice
(Tresca, Von Mises, MohrCoulomb & Drucker-Prager)
Cyclic Load function using
the loading sequence
function to represent the
nonlinear behaviors of
structures subjected to cyclic
loads

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Detail analysis in midas Civil

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Nonlinear Shell Element

Good convergence for nonlinear


analysis using shell elements, which
reflect large displacements & large
rotations
Representation of material
nonlinearity of degenerated shell
elements by integrating stresses in
the thickness direction using a
layered approach
Plastic zone display function, which
shows the status of yielding of shell
elements in the thickness direction
to obtain detail information on
material nonlinearity
Material & geometric nonlinear
analysis functions to carried out
detail analyses of steel structures
consisted of steel box, steel plate & Ibeam sections

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Simultaneous analysis of geometric & material nonlinearity

Analysis results of a reduced


symmetry model expanded to
a full model to observe
nonlinear behaviors &
deformed shape using the
Mirror function
View function supported to
display plastic zones to identify
the status of yielding at
integration points
Animation function provided to
examine rather large
deformation & stress
redistribution in real time
Results of geometric - material
nonlinear analysis readily
verified by Stage/Step History
Graph Material &

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Thermal Analysis

Heat Transfer Analysis


- Steady State Analysis
- Time Transient Analysis
Heat of Hydration Analysis
- Thermo-elastic Analysis
- Maturity, Creep, Shrinkage,
Pipe Cooling

Without Cooling Pipes

With Cooling Pipes

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Midas Civil

Nonlinear Static Analysis in midas Civil

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Plastic Material Model

Tresca & von Mises


suitable for ductile materials such as metals, which
exhibit plastic incompressibility
Mohr-Coulomb & Drucker-Prager
suitable for materials such as concrete, rock and
soils, which exhibit volumetric plastic deformations

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Nonlinear Static Analysis in midas Civil

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Hardening Rule

Isotropic hardening
In the case of isotropic hardening, the yield surface
expands uniformly
Kinematic hardening
In the case of kinematic hardening, the size of the yield
surface remains unchanged and the center location of the
yield surface is shifted
Mixed hardening
Mixed hardening is a hardening type, which represents
the mix of isotropic hardening and kinematic hardening

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Nonlinear Static Analysis in midas Civil

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Nonlinear Analysis Control

Number of load steps


- General control
-Load step by load cases

Iteration Method
- Newton-Raphson
- Arch-Length
-Displacement-Control
Convergence Criteria
- Energy Member force x displacement) Norm
- Displacement Norm
- Force Norm

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Nonlinear Static Analysis in midas Civil

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Loading Sequence and Combination for Nonlinear Analysis

Loading Sequence
Sequence of applying load cases to a
geometric nonlinear analysis. Specified loading
sequence is effective only when NewtonRaphson is selected as the Iteration Method
Load Combination for Nonlinear Analysis
Generate load case using predefined load
combination to apply the load simultaneously
in nonlinear analysis
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Demonstration
Overview
Model
-Unit : N, mm
-Isotropic Elastic Material
-Plate Element
Load & Boundary Conditions
-Pressure
-Constraint

midas FEA

midas Civil
13/34

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Detail analysis in midas FEA

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Analysis Capability of midas FEA

Static Analysis
Construction Stage Analysis

Moving Load Analysis


Modal Analysis
Linear Buckling Analysis
Transient / Frequency / Spectrum Response Analysis
Material / Geometry Nonlinearity Analysis
Interface Nonlinearity Analysis
Reinforcement Analysis

Cracking Analysis
Static/Explicit Contact Analysis

Heat Transfer Analysis


Fatigue Analysis

Fluid Dynamics Analysis

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Detail analysis in midas FEA

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Applicable Problems

General Detail Analysis (Linear, Material/Geometry Nonlinear)


General detail FE analysis (linear static/dynamic analysis of concrete and steel)
Buckling analysis of steel structure with material and geometric nonlinearity

Concrete, Interface and Reinforcement Nonlinear Analysis


Detail analysis of composite structure (steel + concrete)
Thermal analysis and differential shrinkage analysis of steel-concrete composite girder, concrete filled steel
tube and core of the SRC pier and so on
3D detail analysis considering steel, concrete and reinforcement simultaneously
Detail analysis of CFT and analysis of the long-term behavior
(differential settlement)
Crack initiation and propagation in concrete structure
Discrete modeling and analysis of masonry
Composite modeling and analysis of wall in shear
Detail analysis for tendon anchorage

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Applicable Problems

Thermo-Elastic Analysis (Heat Transfer, Heat of Hydration)


Analysis of heat of hydration (general, special, nonlinear)
Detail analysis for assessment of shear capacity of pavement (de-bonding failure)

Analysis of thermal effect due to the asphalt pavement (guss asphalt)


Fire effect on a reinforced concrete slab
Evaluation of residual stress and integrity of welded part

Special Analysis (CFD, Contact, Fatigue, etc.)


Crack and fatigue analysis of the surface of structures
Damage estimation of pier/waterbreak impacted by ship

Life-cycle prediction of steel-box bridges based-on moving load analysis


Fluid dynamics analysis of bridges, high-rise buildings and tunnels
Semi-coupled fluid-structure interaction analysis
Direct analysis of soil-structure interaction
High-end detail analysis (crash, fatigue, fracture mechanism)

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Detail analysis in midas FEA

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Framework of midas FEA


Main Menu
Tabbed
Toolbar

Work Window
Works Tree
Task
Pane

Property
Window

Table
Window

Output
Window

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Frame to Solid/Plate Model

Convert frame model


and PSC section types
in midas Civil into
plate/solid models in
midas FEA
Convert tendon profiles
and embed them as
bars from midas Civil
into midas FEA

18/34

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Mesh Generation

Includes advanced meshing


function : Auto-Mesh, Mapmesh & manual generation
Mesh extraction method from
2D/3D mesh sets or directly
from a geometry object
Capability of generating 3D
mesh for complex shapes using
2D Mesh sets

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Automatic Surface/Solid Meshing

Supports advanced meshing


functions for complex
geometry modeling : Manifold
and on-manifold shapes
Provides advanced mesh
function such as Hybrid
Meshing, Sub-Meshing as
well as Auto-mesh, Map-mesh
Fast mesh generation:
200,000 tetra elements perminute

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Mesh Size Control/Quality Assurance

Various size control functions


available to modify density of
nodes and elements for complex
geometry or variation of material
properties
Advanced size control functions
such as Adaptive Seeding, which
automatically controls mesh
density based on shape
characteristics
Standard Mesh quality and
assurance features to detect
incompatibility or poor element
quality

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Application Area

22/34

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Detail analysis in midas FEA

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Application Area

23/34

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Fatigue Analysis

Fatigue Analysis : Display


structure failure phenomenon
based on a cyclic loading pattern
with reduced yield strength
Calculate stress amplitude
Applying Rainflow Counting & SN Curve Calculating the fatigue
life (life cycle) and extent of
damage

24/34

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CFD Analysis

Investigate bridges stability


resistance to wind by visually
determining airflow pattern
Perform Steady state analysis /
Unsteady analysis and Laminar
Flow / Turbulence Flow analysis
Calculate aerodynamic force
coefficients and determine
pressure distribution &
turbulence kinetic energy

25/34

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Cracking Analysis

Includes TSC (Total Strain Crack)


for concrete crack analysis: Fixed
and Rotating models
Includes Reinforcement Analysis
to portray the main concrete
tension reinforcement
Incorporate impact of rebar in
tensile behavior of concrete
structures
Include analysis results and
visualization of crack pattern,
direction and status of the
element

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Cracking Analysis in midas FEA

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Total Strain Crack Model


Crack Model

Fixed
Rotating
Lateral Crack Effect
In cracked concrete, large tensile strains perpendicular
to the principal compressive direction reduce the
concrete compressive strength.
Tension Function
Elastic, Linear, Multi-linear, Exponential, Hordijk,
Constant, Brittle
Compression Function
Elastic, Multi-linear, Linear Hardening, Parabolic,
Satiratopm. Thorenfeldt

Hordijk

Thorenfeldt

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Cracking Analysis in midas FEA

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Reinforcement Material Properties

28/34

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Cracking Analysis in midas FEA

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Analysis Results in midas FEA

Von Mises Stress

Plasticity Status

Reinforcement Stress

Crack Pattern

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Cracking Analysis in midas FEA

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Load-Deflection Diagram

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Cracking Analysis in midas FEA

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Demonstration

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Comparison between midas Civil and FEA

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Comparison Chart
Analysis Type

Midas Civil

Midas FEA

Linear static analysis

Eigenvalue analysis

Dynamic analysis

Reinforcement analysis

V*
(No embedded reinforcement,
No tendon in plate/solid elements)

Heat of hydration analysis

Interface nonlinear analysis

N/A

Contact analysis

N/A

Nonlinear static analysis

Cracking analysis

N/A

Fatigue analysis

N/A

Heat transfer/stress analysis

CFD analysis

N/A

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Comparison Chart
Pre/Post-Processing

Midas Civil

Midas FEA

Plate/Shell

V*
(No high order element)

Solid

V*
(No high order element)

Curved line/plate elements

N/A

Interface element

N/A

Embedded element

N/A

Surface Mesh
(Auto-mesh, Map-mesh,
Hybrid Mesh, Sub-Mesh)

V*
(No Hybrid mesh and sub-mesh)

Solid Mesh
(Auto-mesh, Map-mesh,
Hybrid Mesh, Sub-Mesh)

V*
(No Hybrid mesh and sub-mesh)

Mesh Size Control

N/A

Mesh Quality Assurance

N/A

Iso Surface Plot

Local Direction Force Sum

Extract result in a table

V
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