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PROJECT
Feasibility Studies

Total projects
= 452 of Rs. 20 crores or more
Total projects delayed = 205
Original Plan Costs
= Rs.52,987 Crores
Revised Plan Cost
= Rs.84,167 Crores
Increase in Cost
= Rs. 31,180 Crores
I .e. 58.8% escalation

OUT OF 205 DELAYED PROJECTS ,


RAILWAYS ACCOUNT FOR 125 PROJECTS

27+(5 5($6216 )25


'(/$<

0$,1 5($621 )25 '(/$< 2)


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1.
Reasons

Total
Projects
delayed

Railways

Coal

Steel

Power

Surface
Transport

2.
3.
4.

Paucity of funds

55

43

------

Problem of land

55

34

17

---

---

------

Delay in civil
works

48

34

----

----

---

12

Delay in supply
of equipments

23

----

----

---

---

------

Slow progress

36

14

----

----

---

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Changes in Scope of Projects


Lack of Supporting Infrastructures Facilities
Teething Trouble at the Pre- commissioning Stage
Industrial Relations and Law &Order Problem
Technological problem
Geological Surprises
Under estimation of original cost
General Price rise
Changes in foreign Exchange Rates
Changes in Statutory Duties

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Project
Preparation

PROJECT BACK GROUND AND DESCRIPTION


MARKET DEMAND AND PLANT CAPACITY
MATERIALS AND INPUTS
LOCATION AND SITE
PROJECT ENGG. AND INVESTMENT COST

1.

[Feasibility Studies]
Project
Identification

Project Appraisal
[Scrutiny & selection]

2.
3.
4.
5.

Project Programming
Project completion &
Operation]

[detail ]

Project
Implementation

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contd.

6.

7.
8.
9.
10.

PLANT ORGANISATION AND OVER HEADS


MANPOWER (LOCAL& FOREIGN)
IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE
FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC EVALUATION
STATUS OF CLEARANCES AND APPROVAL
FROM VARIOUS CENTRAL AND STATE GOVT.
DEPT./BODIES

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Project enterprises name and profile detailing its


experience and performance in project
implementation
Project description
Costs of study / investigation already carried out

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2.


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DEMAND PATTERN , SIZE AND MARKET


Existing size &capacity Industry
Market leaders
Past growth
Projected size of future growth

Govt. & Private sectors development programme

General quality of goods and product mix


Past /present imports and future trend of volume
and prices
Present size of demand ,its past growth

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.

Production programme

Products
By-products
Wastes
Estimated annual cost on
wastes Production programme

Contd.

contd.

SALES FORECAST AND MARKETING


PLAN

Anticipated competition for the project from


the existing and potential local and foreign
producers and suppliers
Local market share for products and byproducts
Sales programme and distribution
arrangements
Estimated sales revenue (annual) from
products &by-products from home market
and exports
Estimated annual cost on marketing and
sales promotion

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contd.
Determination of Plant Capacity
Feasible normal capacity
Quantitative relationship between
sales ,plant capacity and materials
and other inputs

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Raw materials
Processed industrial materials
Bought out components
Auxiliary materials
Factory supplies /captive manufacture
Power , water and other utilities including transport
services

5.

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In all estimates of costs, show local and foreign


amounts separately on CIF/delivery at the site basis
Preliminary determination of scope of the project
Process technology and equipment cost
process technologies that can be adopted in
relation to capacity size
Estimate of costs of local and foreign
technologies
Layout of the proposed production ,auxiliary
and services equipments ,major spare parts
,wear &tear parts and tools
Estimate of investment cost of equipments as
above

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Alternative locations ,descriptions and area of lands


pre-selected (Indicate the no. of families tobe
rehabilitated.)
Estimated cost of land including its development, for
each of the proposed alternatives
Schedule and cost of soil investigation
Factors influencing the selection of the alternatives
proposed

5.

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contd.

Layout of civil works , building arrangement and


description of construction materials to be used
Site preparation and development
Buildings and special civil works
Out door works
Estimate of investment costs of civil work as
above

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Organization layout for

production ,
Sales Administration and Management
Name, profile and experience of the
consultant appointed or proposed to be
appointed
Estimated overhead costs on - factory,
administration and financial items (interest,
bank charges & depreciation)

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)25(,*1
Estimated man power requirement
Estimated annual salaries & wages including
allowances, benefits & long term social
provisions
Labour housing plan and estimated cost
(show labour / staff classification & broad
skill trade analysis of workforce)


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Proposed time schedule indicating major


activities

Estimated implementation costs matching the


implementation programme.

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Total Investment cost

Estimated fixed assets


Estimated working capital requirements
Total operating costs classified by fixed and
variable cost

Project financing arrangement proposed


Proposed capital structure and finance plan
Loan/ Borrowings planned
Interest rates and estimate of interest amount



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Financial evaluation based on estimates


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Profitability
Pay- back of investment
Cash flow

National economic evaluation

Effect on industrialization infrastructure


development , development of ancillaries
Estimate of employment generation
Estimate of foreign exchange earnings/savings

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Automatic permission or special approval for


foreign investment

Foreign exchange permission


Approval for appointment of foreign

consultant
Import license or automatic permission for
import of capital goods and raw material
Clearance from pollution control board
,ministry of environment

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Soil investigation report


Industrial license /letter of intent if applicable
Automatic permission or specific approval for
foreign technical collaboration

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Clearance from the ministry of railways


Electricity authority / boards clarance
Clearance from chief controller of
explosives
Clearances from chief conservator of
forests
Clearance from state industries
dept.,factory inspectorate

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Sr.
No

Factor

1.

Organisation & Planning


General Implementation Programme
Plans for Sub Contracting
History of default, litigation, liquidity damages &
contraction extensions
Management Structure and Delegation of
Authority.
Personal
Experience, Qualification of Key Personnel
Adequacy of Specialised Staffing.

2.

Weight
age
Points
10

15

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Factors

5. Financial Condition

Bank References
Insurance References
Average Annual Turn Over
Working Capital
Quick ratio ( liquid assets : current

liabilities )
Value of contracts completed in last 5
years

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Sr.
No.

3.

4.

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No
.

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Weight
age
Points
30

Factors

Weight
age
Points

Major Construction Plant and Equipment


Adequacy (type, capacity, number)
Age/condition
Source/likelihood of Availability
Experience
Technical References
Value of Completed Contracts of Similar
Condition
Average percent of Work as sub contractor

15

30

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By a rule of thumb , the following are % of the
project cost factors:
1. Project development and
detailed project report
= 2%
2
Engineering and design
= 13%
3
Bought out materials and
= 55%
equipments
4
Fabrication and construction
= 30%
Depending on type of project , sector and
complexity, these can vary.