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Activity 1: Nucleotide Bases Showdown!

Objectives:
To know the different nucleotide bases and the functions of it
To be able to distinguish the four nucleotide bases and;
To be familiar with the functions of the DNA.

Procedures:
1. The class will be divided into four groups and each will have a nucleotide base to defend.
2. Each group will discuss the functions of their chosen base.
3. After the discussion, the groups will be asked to write the facts and information throughout the
discussion.
4. After that, the groups will choose one member of the group to defend their nucleotide base.

Guide Questions:
1. Based on the report, what is the purpose of adenine and thymine? Guanine and cytosine?
2. Why do you think nucleotides are important?
3. What will happen when one of these bases is gone?
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What are the four nucleotide bases?


Which of the nucleotide bases belong to the purine?
Which of the nucleotide bases belong to the pyrimidine?
What is the purpose of these bases?
To what process in the DNA do these nucleotide bases act a vital role?
What is the relevance of the nucleotide bases to the DNA?
In what way do these bases affect the body processes?
How can you distinguish the four bases from each other?
What is the other name for the five-carbon sugar that can be found in each nucleotide?
Describe what kind of bond is in each pair of nucleotide bases.

Activity 2: GMO, to be or not to be?

Objectives:

To be able to the processes regarding DNA and;


To know the importance of DNA.

Procedures:
1. The class will be divided into two groups. They will choose between two sides. The pros and the
cons.
2. One member from each group will defend their chosen side by giving facts and information about
it.
3. The teacher will pick the winning side.

Guide Questions:
1. What do you think is the reason of altering the genetic code?
2. Is altering the genetic code necessary?
3. Why do you think the teacher chose that group to be the winner?

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What is the DNA?


What are the four bases?
What serves as the backbone of the DNA?
What is GMO?
What is the relationship between DNA and GMO?
Differentiate DNA from RNA.
What processes in the body is related to DNA?
Define DNA translation.
What is RNA?
Define DNA transcription.

Activity 3: Photo Synthesis

Objectives:
To know the process of photosynthesis
To be able to describe the process and function of DNA and;
To be able to know the importance of photosynthesis in the environment and other living things.

Procedures:
1. The class will be divided into two groups. Each will provide a picture of photosynthesis (the
light-dependent and dark reaction)
2. The two groups will choose between light-dependent and dark reaction.
3. After that, the two groups will discuss the chosen topic between them and will be asked to write it
on a sheet of paper.
4. One member will report their group discussion in front of the class.
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What is the importance of photosynthesis in the plant itself?


What happens in the dark reaction?
Why is photosynthesis an essential process?
Why is it called dark reaction?

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What is photosynthesis?
Where does photosynthesis takes place?
What part of the leaf is responsible for the collection of light?
What are needed by the plants to produce sugar?
What is the by-product of photosynthesis?
What is the end-product of photosynthesis?
What serves as the transporting vessel of manufactured food and water?
What is another term for light-dependent reaction? For dark reaction?
Define the following terms.
a. NADPH
b. ATP
c. Glucose
10. What is the dark reaction?

Activity 4: Respire or perspire?

Objectives:
To know the process of cellular respiration and;
To know the significance of cellular respiration in the body.

Procedures:

1. The class will be divided into three groups and will be given three topics namely Glycolysis.
Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport Chain.
2. Each group will be given one topic each and discuss it within the group.
3. One member of the group will report their discussion in front of the class.
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What is the proper order of cellular respiration?


What is aerobic and anaerobic respiration?
Why is ATP important?
What is pyruvate and what is its purpose in cellular respiration?

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What is Glycolysis?
What is needed in this process?
What is ATP?
What is the other name for Krebs Cycle?
Where does this take place?
What is FADH2?
Define Electron Transport Chain.
How many ATP is produced in this process?
What membranes are responsible for Electron Transport Chain?
What are the end-products of cellular respiration?