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Structural Analysis And Design of

Multi-storeyed Building

Objectives
Learn the concept of lateral and vertical loading
on the building.
Identification of structural arrangement of the
plan.
Modeling of the building for the structural
analysis.
Detail structural analysis using SAP 2000.
Sectional design of structural components.
Structural detailing of members and the system.

Major Scope
Seismic coefficient method is used
Code of practices: IS456:2000,
IS875:1987(Part 1,2), IS1893:2000,
IS13920:1993, SP16,SP34
The bearing capacity of foundation is assumed
to be 140 kN/m2.
The project does not take into account the soil
pressure in elements at the basement as well
as the possible impact loads due to vehicles

Salient Features

Name: Bharbhacho Complex


Location: Dhudhpati, Bhaktapur
Building Type: Commercial
System: RCC framed Structure
No. of storeys: 7
Floor ht: 3.3m
Foundation type: Raft foundation

Preliminary Design
Design of Slab
:
as per deflection control
Slab Depth

Effective depth (d) Total depth (D)

Without secondary
beam

190 mm

220 mm

With secondary
beam

120 mm

150 mm

Design of beam:
as per deflection control
Beam type

Width (b)

Total depth (D)

Primary Beam

400 mm

550 mm

Secondary beam

250 mm

300 mm

Design of column
Loaded from slab, wall, beam and self weight of
column considered
Factored load calculated
20% EQ load considered
Equating total load with Puz=0.45fckAc+0.75fyAst
Assuming Pt=3%
Ag calculated and size of column adopted
Column Type

Dimension (BD) mm2

Type I

400400

Type II

400400

Type III

500500

Manual calculation
Dead Load

Slab
Beam
Wall
column

Live load
Centre of mass
Centre of rigidity
Eccentricity

SAP Analysis

Design of Structural members


Design of Slab
Xm

Ym

Xs

Ys

Ast
required

112.25

98.04

141.51

132.27

Ast
provided

452.36

376.967 376.967 376.967

Slab Detailing

Torsional Detail in Slab

Design of Staircase
Staircase

Main reinforcement

Distribution bar

Development length

Required

Required

Required

Provided

Doglegged 12 559c/c

Provided

Provided

12 200 c/c 8 @279c/c

8 @270c/c

810 mm

820 mm

Openwell
1st flight

12391.65
c/c

12300 c/c

8 @279c/c

8 @270c/c

483 mm

485 mm

2nd flight

12398.26
c/c

12195c/c

8 @279c/c

8 @270c/c

600 mm

700 mm

Staircase Detailing

Design of Beam
Beam Type

Support reinforcement

Mid reinforcement

Top bar

Top bar

Bottom bar

Bottom bar

Primary beam (400x550)

5-25

4-20

2-20

2-25

Stair beam (400x 550)

2-20

2-20

2-20

4-20

3-16

2-16

2-16

3-16

Secondary beam (250x300)

Beam Detailing

Contd.

Design of Column
Column Types

Reinforcement

percent

Small (400x400)

8-28

2.43 %

Big (600x600)

12-25

1.64 %

Ramp (500x600)

12-28

2.46 %

Column Detailing

Design of Basement wall


Reinforcement pattern

Face

Reinforcement

Vertical

Both

16 mm @ 190 mm

Front

8 mm @160 mm

Inner

8 mm @320mm

Horizontal

Detailing of Basement wall

Design of Lift
Vertical Reinforcement

Horizontal Reinforcement

Lift Types

Required

Required

Capsule

14 @ 109.36 14 @ 100

12 @ 253.85 12 @ 250

Middle capsule 14 @ 331.14 14 @ 320

12 @ 253.85 12 @ 250

Service

12 @ 253.85 12 @ 250

Provided

14 @ 367.67 14 @ 350

Provided

Lift Detailing

Design of Foundation
Shorter span reinforcement

Longer span reinforcement

20 mm @ 175 mm c/c

20 mm @ 200 mm c/c

Raft Footing Detailing

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