Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

1

THAL SAINIK CAMP-2012


HEALTH & HYGIENE
PART-I
Cadets Index No_____
100

Total Marks

Fill in the Blanks: 1x26=26 Marks

1.

The bite of __Scorpion__________should be treated as snake


bite

2.

_Pathanjali____________was the father of Yoga.

3.

__Stress___________Fracture may happen in fracture of ribs


or spine.

4.

The

number

of

stages

of

unconsciousness

are

_______4________
5.

The

motto

of

first

aider_Look_Think________and

_Act____________
6.

Burns caused by moist heat are called___Scald____________

7.

Main veins are__Superior_ and inferior venacava

8.

Muscles are of two types Voluntary_& involuntary__

9.

Nourishment
by___blood___

is

carried

to

all

part

of

the

body

10. Two lungs__Right____& __Left____________are the important


organs of respiration.
11. __Rabies________is a very dangerous disease transmitted
by rabies dog.
12. Irregularity in breathing is known as _Cardiac arrest___
13. Syphilis & gonorrhea are _STD______type of disease.
14. Rabies, Plaque anthrax & TB are _Animal__borne disease.
15. Heart

circulates

blood

to

all

parts

of

the

body

through__Arteries_____
16. The biggest artery is _Arota_______________
17. Waste material in the form of urine is removed by the
_Kidneys_______
18. Muscles___are attached to the bones & responsible for
body movement.
19. Stomach & intestine help in Digestion_____of food.
20

A __fracture____ is a break in continuity of skin or muscle

membrane.
21. Flat bones are found in ___ Cranium,shoulder __&
_Hips_____
22. __Crape________Bandage in wed in sprains & strains around
1 joint.
23. A __Sprain____in the wrenches of the ligaments & tissue
around the joint.

24. A strain is the _Stretching____________of a muscle.


25. Hemorrhage means _bleeding_______________
26. Expansion
Organisation__&(AIDS_

of

WHO__World

Health

Acquired Immune Difficiency Syndrome__

PART-II

1.

What are the structures of the body?


4x12=48 Marks
5X1=05 Marks
(a) Skelton (b) Muscles (c) Blood circulatory Organ (d)
respiratory organ
(e) Digestive Organ (f) Excretory Organs (g) Nervous
system organs

2.

What is First Aid? Write first aid treatment for the Snake Bite.

Make the victim lie down comfortably, convincing reasons


against fear of death. Apply light tourniquet wash with

soap and water. Suck the blood, evacuate the patient to


the hospital. Start artificial respiration of breathing fails.

3.

Write the procedure of mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration.

Casualty in Supine position. Clean the mouth to clear air


passage .Extend neck, cover the patients mouth with
clean gauge and blow directly and slowly.

4.

What are the first aid measures in case of Drowning?


Wet clothes should be loosened. Mouth, nose and throats
should be cleaned up. Patient should be made lie down
over his belly. Artificial respiration should be given cover
the patient with blanket.

5.

Write the methods of water Purification.


Boiling and distilling water clarification, sterilization
pinking and precipitation.

6.

What are the causes of Unconsciousness? Mention any four.

Head injury, Hemorrhage from brain, heart failure,


hepatic coma, excessive narcotic, epilepsy, hysteria, heat
strokes, electric shocks etc.

7.

Write short note on capillaries .

Tine blood vessels which connect the small arteries &


veins. The exchange of oxygen & nutrition with carbon di
oxide takes place in the capillaries.

8.

What are the different types of latrines?

(a) Water carriage system (b) Aqua privy latrines (c)


Removal systems (d) (e)Deep trench latrines (f) Shallow
trench latrines

9.

Write a short note on disposal of garbage.

Disposal of garbage is done by burial and burning under


municipal arrangements.
10. What are communicable
preventive measures.

diseases

classified

them?

Write

Communicable diseases are:(a) Excremental Disease (b) Droplet disease (c) Contact
disease (d) Inset Born disease (e) Water Born (f) Animal
Born
Prevention :(a) Separate the patient (b) Destroy Agents
Infection (d) Control of food (e) Vaccination

(c) Dis

11. How will you protect the surface water from pollution?

(a) Fencing all round the water point.


(b) Prohibiting animal grazing and human habitation.
(c) Prohibiting washing clothes.
(d) Ensuring no chaining of dirty waters to the water.

12. How many types of bones are there? Write the classification with
examples.

(a) Long bones Upper limbs, Femurs, Tibia


(b) Short bones Wrist, ankles
(c) Flat bones Cranium, shoulder, hips
(d) Irregular bones Vertebral column
(e) Joints

13. Write a short note on nervous system.


Marks

05

(a) Brain It is a compact new tissue structure which


controls and co-ordinates all body functions through
nerves.

(b) Nerves They control all the organs and their


functions. They are silkily wire like fibres which are
connected with brain.

PART-III
3x7=21
1.

Write the name of any three Yogasana.


(a) Vajrasana (b) Padmasana (c) Chakrasana

(d) Trikonasana (e) Dhanwasana (f) Shavasana

2.

Write three source of water.


(a) Rain water
(b) Sun face water
(c) Underground water

3.
What immediate action must be taken in case of internal
bleeding?
Keep the patient warm and lying down with feet, apply
cold application on the suspected injured region clean up
the patient. Arrange medical consistence.

4.

Write the three aims of dressing the wound?

(a) To protect the wound from infection.


(b) Reduce swelling and early healing.
(c) To support the effected part.
(d) Enable the individual to carry out his day to day
routine.
(e) Stop bleeding.

5.

Write the definition of fracture?

Fracture is a discontinuity or break in a bone resulting in


the dissolution of the supporting frame work of the body.

6.

Write any three items in First Aid Box.

(a) Tincher
(b) Cotton
(c) Antiseptic lotion
(d) Soap

7.

Write the three sign & Symptoms of sprain

(a) Pain at the joint.


(b) Inability to use the joint.
(c) Swelling and later bruising