Sie sind auf Seite 1von 32

PAKISTAN REFINERY LIMITED

DAS CRUDE
ANALYSIS
September 2015

TECHNOLOGY & INSPECTION


LABORATORY

Korangi Creek Rd., P.O. Box 4612, Karachi-74000. Phone: 5091771-79, 5091811-6 Fax: 92-21-5060145, 5091780
Website: www.prl.com.pk

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

SUMMARY
The Narrow Cut TBP Distillation on DAS CRUDE crude was performed twice. In two
Runs 6000 ml (approx.) samples were used. The Primary Products Yield at the PRL cut
points are based on the average of the two Runs while detailed testing of these cut fractions was
carried out on the fractions obtained from the first and second Run. Gas oil and Residue yields
at revised cut points of 235-400 C and 400 C plus (revamp cut points) were also established.
The Test Method ASTM D-2892 was followed. The column used was of 50 mm diameter,
Tilting Funnel Type having 15 theoretical plates packed with Helipak packing. Each fraction
was weighed and specific gravity was determined at 60/60 F. The volume yields have been
calculated from the weight of each fraction and its respective specific gravity.
The DAS CRUDE Assay includes the following determinations:

Crude oil general characteristics.

TBP distillation for narrow cuts upto 371 C.

TBP distillation for narrow cuts upto 400 C.

TBP distillation into wide cuts corresponding to the following PRL cut fractions:
-

Gas/LPG
Light Naphtha
Heavy Naphtha
Kerosene
Gas Oil
Residue
Gas Oil
Residue

0-40
40-110
110-145
145-235
235-371
371
235-400
400

C
C
C
C
C
C plus
C
C plus

Detailed properties of all the above PRL cut fractions.

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
M.T KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

CRUDE OIL GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1298

Specific Gravity @ 60/60 F

0.8271

ASTM D-1298

API Gravity @ 60 F

39.57

ASTM D-97

Pour Point

minus 18

ASTM D-323

Reid Vapour Pressure

Psi

6.2

ASTM D-3230

Salt Contents

PTB

2.8

ASTM D-4294

Total Sulfur

%wt

1.1420

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 40 C

cSt

2.9952

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 50 C

cSt

2.2810

ASTM D-1796

BS&W

%Vol

0.1

ASTM D-473

Sediments

%wt

0.05

ASTM D-95

Water

%vol.

Traces

UOP-375

Characterization factor

11.90

ASTM D-974

Total Acid Number

mg KOH/g

0.05

UOP-163

Hydrogen Sulfide

ppm

0.2

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
M.T KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

CRUDE OIL GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-240

Gross Heating Value

BTU/lb

19300

ASTM D-5863

Vanadium Contents

ppm

2.2

ASTM D-5863

Sodium Contents

ppm

< 1.0

UOP-163

Mercaptan Sulphur

ppm

104

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

The DAS CURDE Oil was fractionated into cuts approximating the PRL cut fractions under
the following conditions:

FRACTION

FRACTIONATION
COLUMN

PRESSURE
(mm Hg)

Light Naphtha

15 plate
Atmospheric
Column with Helipak Packing
Packed Height: 48 cm
Diameter: 50 mm

5/1

Heavy Naphtha

15 plate
Atmospheric
Column with Helipak Packing
Packed Height: 48 cm
Diameter: 50 mm

5/1

Kerosene

15 plate
Atmospheric/
5/1
Column with Helipak Packing
100 mm of Hg
Packed Height: 48 cm
Diameter: 50 mm

Gas Oil

15 plate
2.00 mm of Hg
Column with Helipak Packing
Packed Height: 48 cm
Diameter: 50 mm

2/1

Residue

15 plate
Column with Helipak Packing
Packed Height: 48 cm
Diameter: 50 mm

REFLUX
RATIO

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

PERCENT DISTILLATION VS TBP TEMPERATURE


TOTAL DISTILLED PERCENT VOLUME
TBP DISTILLATION UP TO 371 C

Deg C

7.15

10

7.98

15

8.81

20

9.77

25

30

35

40

45

4.97

5.57

50

6.28

100

14.77 15.57 16.36 17.03 18.03 19.32 20.78 21.87 23.28 24.61

150

25.57 26.62 27.92 29.21 30.51 31.72 33.01 34.02 35.23 36.35

200

37.89 39.02 39.64 40.39 41.43 42.35 43.14 44.25 44.92 45.88

250

46.84 47.59 48.54 49.38 50.25 51.04 51.92 52.92 53.79 54.71

300

55.62 56.54 57.33 58.37 59.33 60.25 61.04 61.87 62.75 63.79

350

64.66 65.87 66.92 68.10 69.32


@ 371 deg C

10.48 11.19 12.06 12.98 13.90

PRL/DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

PERCENT DISTILLATION VS TBP TEMPERATURE


TOTAL DISTILLED PERCENT VOLUME
TBP DISTILLATION UP TO 400 C

Deg C

7.15

10

7.98

15

8.81

20

25

9.77

30

35

40

45

4.97

5.57

50

6.28

100

14.77 15.57 16.36 17.03 18.03 19.32 20.78 21.87 23.28 24.61

150

25.57 26.62 27.92 29.21 30.51 31.72 33.01 34.02 35.23 36.35

200

37.89 39.02 39.64 40.39 41.43 42.35 43.14 44.25 44.92 45.88

250

46.84 47.59 48.54 49.38 50.25 51.04 51.92 52.92 53.79 54.71

300

55.62 56.54 57.33 58.37 59.33 60.25 61.04 61.87 62.75 63.79

350

64.66 65.87 66.92 68.10 69.32 70.58 71.39 72.36 73.18 73.59

400

74.08

10.48 11.19 12.06 12.98 13.90

PRL/DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

PRIMARY PRODUCTS YIELD

FRACTION

PERCENT WEIGHT

PERCENT VOLUME

Gas/LPG
(0 40 C)

3.45

4.97

Light Naphtha
(40 110 C)

9.65

11.39

Heavy Naphtha
(110 145 C)

7.50

8.25

Kerosene
(145 235 C)

18.75

19.64

Gas Oil
(235 371 C)

25.80

25.07

Residue
(371 C Plus)

34.85

30.68

Gas Oil
(235 400 C)

30.82

29.83

Residue
(400 C Plus)

29.83

25.92

PRL/DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PRL/ DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

LIGHT HYDROCARBON ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 0 - 40 C

LIGHT HYDROCARBONS

PERCENT VOLUME
ON CRUDE

Ethane

0.02

Propane

0.31

Iso-Butane

0.33

n-Butane

1.42

iso-Pentane

0.44

n-Pentane

0.46

12

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

LIGHT NAPHTHA ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 40 - 110 C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1298

Specific Gravity @ 60/60 F

0.7036

ASTM D-1298

API Gravity @ 60 F

69.61

ASTM D-3242

Acid Number

mg KOH/g

0.010

ASTM D-611

Aniline Point

59.0

ASTM D-130

Copper Strip Corrosion


@ 50 C - 3 hours

3b

ASTM D-1218

Refractive Index @ 20 C

1.3960

ASTM D-323

Reid Vapour Pressure

ASTM D-156

Color Saybolt

ASTM D-4294

Total Sulfur

ppm

290

UOP-163

Mercaptan Sulfur

ppm

225

UOP-313

Nitrogen Base

ppm

Nil

ASTM D-2699

RON F1 Clear

UOP-375

Characterization Factor

12.40

ASTM D-1319

Aromatics

% Vol

7.4

Psi

4.0
+ 30

58.5

13

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

LIGHT NAPHTHA ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 40 - 110 C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

ASTM D-86

Distillation

RESULT

IBP
10 % Vol
30 % Vol
50 % Vol
70 % Vol
90 % Vol
End Point

56
74
80
86
93
104
119

Residue
Loss

% Vol
% Vol

14

0.5
1.0

PRL/DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

HEAVY NAPHTHA ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 110 145C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1298

Specific Gravity @ 60/60 F

0.7525

ASTM D-1298

API Gravity @ 60 F

56.54

ASTM D-2386

Freezing Point

< - 80

ASTM D-381

Existent Gum

mg/100 ml

1.0

ASTM D-1218

Refractive Index @ 20 C

1.4220

ASTM D-156

Color Saybolt

+ 30

ASTM D-4294

Total Sulfur

ppm

415

UOP-163

Mercaptan Sulfur

ppm

150

UOP-313

Nitrogen Base

ppm

Nil

ASTM D-2699

Research Octane Number

UOP-273

PONA Analysis

42.0
% Vol

Paraffins
Olefins
Naphthenes
Aromatics

64.2
Nil
23.1
12.7

16

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Sept Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

HEAVY NAPHTHA ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 110 145C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

UOP-375

Characterization Factor

ASTM D-86

Distillation

IBP
10 % Vol
30 % Vol
50 % Vol
70 % Vol
90 % Vol
End Point

11.85

119
122
125
127
132
139
154

Residue
Loss

% Vol
% Vol

17

1.0
Nil

PRL/DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

KEROSENE ANALYSIS
CUT RANGE 145 235 C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1298

Specific Gravity @ 60/60 F

0.7900

ASTM D-1298

API Gravity @ 60 F

47.61

ASTM D-3242

Acid Number

mg KOH/g

0.058

ASTM D-611

Aniline Point

56.5

ASTM D-1218

Refractive Index @ 20 C

IP-170

Flash Point

43.0

ASTM D-2386

Freezing Point

- 49.0

ASTM D-381

Existent Gum

mg/100 ml

1.0

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 50 C

cSt

0.9734

ASTM D-130

Copper Strip Corrosion


@ 100 C - 2 hours

2a

ASTM D-156

Color Saybolt

+30

ASTM D-1322

Smoke Point

mm

29

UOP-163

Mercaptan Sulfur

ppm

68.6

UOP-313

Nitrogen Base

ppm

0.1

19

1.4420

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

KEROSENE ANALYSIS
CUT RANGE 145 235 C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1319

Aromatics

% Vol

17.9

ASTM D-3338

Net Heat of Combustion

MJ/Kg

43.25

ASTM D-4294

Total Sulfur

ppm

672

UOP-375

Characterization Factor

11.78

ASTM D-86

Distillation

IBP
10 % Vol
30 % Vol
50 % Vol
70 % Vol
90 % Vol
End Point

156
166
174
184
197
214
225

Residue
Loss

% Vol
% Vol

20

1.0
Nil

PRL/DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

GAS OIL ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 235 371 C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1298

Specific Gravity @ 60/60 F

0.8514

ASTM D-1298

API Gravity @ 60 F

34.70

ASTM D-611

Aniline Point

ASTM D-130

Copper Strip Corrosion


@ 50 C - 2 hours

ASTM D-93

Flash Point

126.5

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 50 C

cSt

3.2292

ASTM D-2500

Cloud Point

ASTM D-6371

CFPP

minus 02

ASTM D-97

Pour Point

minus 06

ASTM D-1500

Color

ASTM D-4294

Total Sulfur

ASTM D-976

Cetane Index

UOP-375

Characterization Factor

11.78

ASTM D-240

Gross Heating Value

Btu/lb

19600

68.8
1a

< 1.0
% wt

1.0614
51.68

22

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

GAS OIL ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 235 371 C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

ASTM D-86

Distillation

RESULT

IBP
10 % Vol
30 % Vol
50 % Vol
70 % Vol
90 % Vol
End Point

262
276
282
293
308
330
344

Residue
Loss

% Vol
% Vol

23

1.0
Nil

PRL/DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

RESIDUE ANALYSIS
CUT RANGE 371 C PLUS

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1298

Specific Gravity @ 60/60 F

0.9387

ASTM D-1298

API Gravity @ 60 F

19.24

ASTM D-93

Flash Point

204

ASTM D-97

Pour Point

24

UOP-375

Characterization factor

19.24

ASTM D-189

Carbon Residue

% wt

9.1

ASTM D-482

Ash Content

% wt

0.06

ASTM D-473

Sediments

%wt

0.02

ASTM D-1796

BS & W

%Vol

0.1

ASTM D-4294

Total Sulfur

% wt

2.4465

ASTM D-240

Gross Heating Value

BTU/lb

18500

ASTM D-5863

Sodium Contents

ppm

3.0

ASTM D-5863

Vanadium Contents

ppm

12.0

ASTM D-95

Water

%vol.

traces

25

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

RESIDUE ANALYSIS
CUT RANGE 371 C PLUS

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 50 C

cSt

115.5

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 60 C

cSt

66.56

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 70 C

cSt

51.87

26

RESULT

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

GAS OIL ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 235 400 C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1298

Specific Gravity @ 60/60 F

0.8553

ASTM D-1298

API Gravity @ 60 F

33.94

ASTM D-611

Aniline Point

ASTM D-130

Copper Strip Corrosion


@ 50 C - 2 hours

ASTM D-93

Flash Point

130

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 50 C

cSt

3.7500

ASTM D-2500

Cloud Point

ASTM D-6371

CFPP

ASTM D-97

Pour Point

minus 3

ASTM D-1500

Color

ASTM D-4294

Total Sulfur

ASTM D-976

Cetane Index

UOP-375

Characterization Factor

11.75

ASTM D-240

Gross Heating Value

Btu/lb

19500

70.5
1a

< 1.5
% wt

1.1510
51.22

27

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

GAS OIL ANALYSIS


CUT RANGE 235 400 C

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

ASTM D-86

Distillation

RESULT

IBP
10 % Vol
30 % Vol
50 % Vol
70 % Vol
90 % Vol
End Point

260
265
280
298
317
348
365

Residue
Loss

% Vol
% Vol

28

1.0
Nil

PRL/DAS CRUDE

REF: TBP-01/2015

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

RESIDUE ANALYSIS
CUT RANGE 400 C PLUS

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

RESULT

ASTM D-1298

Specific Gravity @ 60/60 F

0.9401

ASTM D-1298

API Gravity @ 60 F

19.01

ASTM D-93

Flash Point

210

ASTM D-97

Pour Point

30

UOP-375

Characterization factor

11.75

ASTM D-189

Carbon Residue

% wt

10.5

ASTM D-482

Ash Content

% wt

0.03

ASTM D-473

Sediments

%wt

0.08

ASTM D-1796

BS & W

%Vol

0.1

ASTM D-4294

Total Sulfur

% wt

2.5665

ASTM D-240

Gross Heating Value

BTU/lb

18400

IP-288

Sodium Contents

ppm

05

IP-288

Vanadium Contents

ppm

15

ASTM D-95

Water

%vol.

traces

30

PAKISTAN REFINERY LTD


DAS CRUDE ANALYSIS

TEST REPORT

Reference
Sample
Source

TBP-01/2015
DAS CRUDE
MT KARACHI

Testing Duration
Date of Sample
Sample Received

Aug Oct, 2015


August 29, 2015
September 4, 2015

RESIDUE ANALYSIS
CUT RANGE 400 C PLUS

TEST METHOD

TEST DESCRIPTION

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 50 C

cSt

270.0

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 60 C

cSt

118.6

ASTM D-445

Kinematic Viscosity @ 70 C

cSt

73.25

31

RESULT