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AIM

To study the characteristics of a half wave rectifier.

SI

No

1

2

3

4

5

6

NAME

SPECIFICATION

QUANTITY

TRANSFORMER

DIODE

RESISTOR

CAPACITOR

BREAD BOARD

CONNECTING WIRES

0-12V

IN 4001

1K

470 F , 25 V

1 NO

1 NO

1 NO

1 NO

1 NO

AS REQUIRED

THEORY

A rectifier converts AC to pulsating DC by eliminating the negative half cycle of the input voltage .

During positive half cycle of the input voltage, upper end of the secondary of the transformer is positive

and lower end is negative. Therefore the diode is forward biased and hence it conducts and out put

voltage is equal to input voltage.

During negative half cycle of the input voltage, upper end of the secondary of the

transformer is negative and lower end is positive. Therefore the diode is reverse biased and hence it does

not conduct and out put voltage is equal to zero.

Vrms = Vm /2

Vdc= Vm /

1

D

0-230V/50Hz

1k

230V/9V

470 microF

OUTPUT

PROCEDURE

1. Set up the circuits on bread board

2.Observe wave form across RL on the CRO.

3.Note the peak value

4.Calculate the ripple factor and Vdc using the equations.

5.Repeat the same procedure with filter circuit.

RESULT

Studied the characteristics of half wave rectifier.

Theoretical value of ripple factor =...

Practical value of ripple factor =

Difference between Theoretical value and Practical value =...

AIM

To study the characteristics of a centre tapped rectifier.

COMPONENTS AND EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED

SI

No

1

2

3

4

5

6

NAME

SPECIFICATION

QUANTITY

TRANSFORMER

DIODE

RESISTOR

CAPACITOR

BREAD BOARD

CONNECTING WIRES

9-0-9V

1N 4001

1K

470 F , 25 V

1 NO

2 NO

1 NO

1 NO

1 NO

AS REQUIRED

THEORY

A rectifier converts AC to pulsating DC.During positive half cycle of the input voltage, upper end of the

secondary of the transformer is positive and lower end is negative. Therefore the diode D1 is forward

biased and diode D2 is reverse biased .Therefore D1 conducts and out put voltage is equal to input voltage.

During negative half cycle of the input voltage, upper end of the secondary of the

transformer is negative and lower end is positive. Therefore the diode D1 is reverse biased and diode D2

forward biased, hence it conducts and output voltage is same as that of positive half cycle.

Vrms = Vm / 2

Vdc=2 Vm /

1

D1

1K

230V/50Hz

9-0-9

D2

470 microF

PROCEDURE

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Observe the transformer secondary voltage(Vac) and wave form across RL on the CRO.

Note the peak value

Calculate the ripple factor and Vdc using the equations.

Repeat the same procedure with filter circuit.

RESULT

Studied the characteristics of centre tapped rectifier.

Theoretical value of ripple factor =...

Practical value of ripple factor =

Difference between Theoretical value and Practical value =...

BRIDGE RECTIFIER

AIM

To study the characteristics of a centre tapped rectifier.

SI

No

1

2

3

4

5

6

NAME

SPECIFICATION

QUANTITY

TRANSFORMER

DIODE

RESISTOR

CAPACITOR

BREAD BOARD

CONNECTING WIRES

0-12V

IN 4001

1K

470 F , 25 V

1 NO

4 NO

1 NO

1 NO

1 NO

AS REQUIRED

THEORY

A rectifier converts AC to pulsating DC.During positive half cycle of the input voltage, upper end of the

secondary of the transformer is positive and lower end is negative. Therefore the diode D1 and D3 are

forward biased and diode D2 and D4 are reverse biased .Therefore diode D1 and D3 conducts and out put

voltage is equal to the input voltage.

During negative half cycle of the input voltage, upper end of the secondary of the

transformer is negative and lower end is positive. Therefore the diode D1 and D3 are reverse biased and

diode D2 and D4 are forward biased, hence it conducts and out put voltage is same as that of positive half

cycle.

Vrms = Vm / 2

Vdc=2 Vm /

D4

230V/50Hz

D3

D1

+

~

D2 1K

470 microF

9-0-9

PROCEDURE

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Observe the transformer secondary voltage(Vac) and wave form across RL on the CRO.

Note the peak value

Calculate the ripple factor and Vdc using the equations.

Repeat the same procedure with filter circuit.

RESULT

Studied the characteristics of bridge rectifier.

Theoretical value of ripple factor =...

Practical value of ripple factor =

Difference between Theoretical value and Practical value =...

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