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Reading comprehension/ English / First Year/ Raed Albanon

Most people start smoking when they are in their teens and are addicted
by the time they reach adulthood. Some have tried to quit but have
returned to cigarettes because smoking is such a strong addiction. It is a
habit that is very difficult to break. There are many different reasons
why people smoke.
Three of the main reasons that young people smoke are to look mature,
to be like their friends, and to experiment. Since teens see older people
all around them smoking, especially their parents and relatives, they
smoke to act older. If their friends or peers smoke, they may feel
pressured into doing the same to be accepted. The last reason is the
excitement of experimenting with something that is forbidden. In
Massachusetts it is against the law for anyone under 18 years old to
smoke. Usually parents do not allow their underage teens to smoke.
Therefore, smoking becomes very attractive. It is exciting to get
cigarettes and sneak away to smoke without being caught.
Adults smoke for other reasons. They may have a lot of stress and
pressures because of economic and personal problems. They may be
unemployed or working but not making enough money to take care of
themselves and their families. They may be homeless, or they may be
dealing with alcohol or cocaine/heroin addictions. Some may be in bad
marriages or relationships in which there is physical and/or verbal
abuse. All these people may smoke to feel relaxed or to give them
energy while going through a hard time.
Whether young or old, some people smoke to control their weight.
Smokers, on the average, weigh seven pounds less than non-smokers.
Smoking reduces a person's appetite. It lessens his/her sense of taste and
smell. This could be why ex-smokers gain weight after quitting
cigarettes. Food tastes and smells so much better.
Finally, there are people who say they love to smoke. Smoking gives
them pleasure. It just makes them feel good.
1- What is the purpose of the whole passage?
A.

to contrast young and old smokers

B.

to explain why people start smoking X

C.

to demonstrate the attraction of cigarettes among the young

D.

to show the similarities between young and old smokers

2- The purpose of paragraph 2 is to:


A.

explain why young people decide to smoke X

B.

warn young people how dangerous smoking is

C.

show how exciting smoking can be

D.

suggest that other people influence the decision of young people


wwho start smoking

3- Adults smoke for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:


A.

to deal with stress

B.

to cope with financial difficulties X

C.

to deal with relationship problems

D.

to appear more mature

4- In paragraph 3, how does sentence 3 relate to sentence 1?


A.

It is a contradiction.

B.

It is a cause.

C.

It is an example. X

D.

It is an effect.

5- The main purpose of paragraph 4 is:


A.

to contrast the reasons why young and old people take up


smoking

B. to show a common cause for smoking among people of all ages X


C.

to describe the possible effects of smoking

D.

to warn smokers of the dangers of smoking

6- The word peers in paragraph 2 means:


A.

members of the aristocracy

B.

mentors

C.

peeping Toms

D.

persons of a similar age X

7- The word forbidden in paragraph 2 means:


A.

not allowed X

B.

approved

C.

disliked

D.

favored

8- The verb sneak away in paragraph 2 means:


A.

to wear sneakers?

B.

to walk away without being noticed X

C.

to betray someone?

D.

to spy on someone?

9- The word abuse in paragraph 3 means:


A.

excessive use

B.

inappropriate use

C.

mistreatment X

D.

argument

10- The word attractive in paragraph 2 means:


A.

good-looking

B.

magnetic

C.

inactive

D.

Appealing X
Good Luck