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Teng's curve
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Author
vikram.jeet

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Message
Posted:ThuJun09,201110:05amPostsubject:Teng'scurve

ThemethoddescribedbyrespectedShBaruasirisinwideuseforfootings
havingappreciablemomentalongwithverticalloadcausingpartof
footingtoleavecontactwithbase(i.e.upliftmentcondition)underthe
actionofunidirectionalmoment

Joined:26Jan2003
Posts:2212

Teng'scurvesalsoprovideupliftmentareaforfootingsunderactionofbiaxialmoment
andgivesmaxbasepressure.Theuseisverycommoninbridgefoundationsopentype
generallyinhillyareaswheregoodrockisavailableatbase.
Onewayisthatthetwomomentscanbeconvertedintoresultantalong
diagonalandfootingcouldbealignedalongdiagonaldirectionassuggested
byShBaruasahab.
Butinactuality,thealignmentoffootingalongdiagonalisnotinpractice.
ThereisnoquickmethodtocheckthebasepressuresotherthanTeng'scurves
Justavagueapproachveryapprox
Anapproximatemethodforsuchbiaxialcasecanbethoughtofadopting
lawofsuperposition
Wemaytake
ActualContactlengthalongLdirectionx==3*[L/2e)]consideringuniaxialmoalongL
ActualContactlengthalongBdirection=y==3*[L/2e')]consideringuniaxialmoalongB
(Butifabovevalueyieldthevaluex>LduetolessMoalongLdir,thexshallberestricted
equaltoLandsimilarilyify>B,thenyshallberestrictedtoB)
MaxBasepressure(redistributed)=[2*W/{x*Y1}+2*W/{X1*y1}]*85%
or
MaxBasepressure(redistributed)=[2*W/{X1*y}+2*W/{x*Y1}]*85%
Y1isleastof(yorB)andX1isleastof(xorL)
Ithinkresultsmaybewithindigestiblerange,thoughnotexact.Probablysomesefimembermay
comeoutwithexactalgorithm
bestregds
vikramjeet

6thJune2011
Re.:queryaboutTeng'scurve

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

1/15

2/13/2016

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
Incaseoffoundationssubjecttouplift,usemaybemadeofthemethodprescribedin'SteelDesigners'Manual',
explainedbrieflyhereasfollows:
Loadedlength=3*y=3*(L/2e)
Maximumedgepressure,p(max)=2*W/(3*B*y),
where:W=totalaxialloadonfoundationincludingselfwt.offdn.
B=widthoffdn.
e=M/W
IndrajitBarua.

PostedviaEmail

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...

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Posted:FriJun10,20117:13amPostsubject:Teng'scurve

DearMr.Vikramjeet,
Joined:26Jan2003
Posts:134

Consideringonemomentatatimeinrespectivedirectionandthensuperimposingthemtoknowactualunstressed
zonehasmanyassumptionsandlimitations.Asfarasuniaxialmomentisconsidered,wejustconsiderforce
equilibriumforappliedloadandreactionfromsoilforcompressionzone.Hence,theequationissimpletoobtain.
However,forbiaxialmomentcasehavingloadpointoutsidekern,theequilibriumbehavioriscompletelydifferentis
acomplexproblem.
Asmentionedinmyearlierpost,itisdifficulttoobtainonesingleequationcateringallthecombinationsof
eccentricities.
Toseethebehaviorofshiftofneutralaxisfromoriginalposition(i.e.whensomecornersareexperiencingve
bearingpresure)toactualposition(wherethereisnovebearingpressureonsoil),referthedocumentuploadedon
http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=5420&postdays=0&postorder=asc&start=20.Lasttwopagesof
thedocumentshowstheactualbearingpressurevariationandshiftofNAfordifferentcasesofexandey.
Ascanbeseen,theshiftofNAdependsontheamountofeccentricityinboththedirectionandhence,the
superpositionfromindividualaxiswillnotmeetequilibriumrequirements.
Theuploadeddocumentdescribesthestepbystepnumericalapproachthatcanbeeasilyimplementedthrough
programming.
Forthebenefitofthemembers,Iamattachingtwopicturesshowingthepressurecoefficient(k)forvarious
eccentricityandunstressedarea(calleduplift).Thiswasdevelopedthroughthenumericalapproachwithatangible
accuracyof99.9%.

Regards,
JigneshChokshi

Quote:
Quote:
Quote:
forum@sefindia.org10062011>>>

ThemethoddescribedbyrespectedShBaruasirisinwideuseforfootings
havingappreciablemomentalongwithverticalloadcausingpartof
footingtoleavecontactwithbase(i.e.upliftmentcondition)underthe
actionofunidirectionalmoment
Teng'scurvesalsoprovideupliftmentareaforfootingsunderactionofbiaxialmoment
andgivesmaxbasepressure.Theuseisverycommoninbridgefoundationsopentype

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

2/15

2/13/2016

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
generallyinhillyareaswheregoodrockisavailableatbase.
Onewayisthatthetwomomentscanbeconvertedintoresultantalong
diagonalandfootingcouldbealignedalongdiagonaldirectionassuggested
byShBaruasahab.
Butinactuality,thealignmentoffootingalongdiagonalisnotinpractice.
ThereisnoquickmethodtocheckthebasepressuresotherthanTeng'scurves
Justavagueapproachveryapprox
Anapproximatemethodforsuchbiaxialcasecanbethoughtofadopting
lawofsuperposition
Wemaytake
ActualContactlengthalongLdirectionx==3*[L/2e)]consideringuniaxialmoalongL
ActualContactlengthalongBdirection=y==3*[L/2e')]consideringuniaxialmoalongB
(Butifabovevalueyieldthevaluex>LduetolessMoalongLdir,thexshallberestricted
equaltoLandsimilarilyify>B,thenyshallberestrictedtoB)
MaxBasepressure(redistributed)=[2*W/{x*Y1}+2*W/{X1*y1}]*85%
or
MaxBasepressure(redistributed)=[2*W/{X1*y}+2*W/{x*Y1}]*85%
Y1isleastof(yorB)andX1isleastof(xorL)
Ithinkresultsmaybewithindigestiblerange,thoughnotexact.Probablysomesefimembermay
comeoutwithexactalgorithm
bestregds
vikramjeet

6thJune2011
Re.:queryaboutTeng'scurve
Incaseoffoundationssubjecttouplift,usemaybemadeofthemethodprescribedin'SteelDesigners'Manual',
explainedbrieflyhereasfollows:
Loadedlength=3*y=3*(L/2e)
Maximumedgepressure,p(max)=2*W/(3*B*y),
where:W=totalaxialloadonfoundationincludingselfwt.offdn.
B=widthoffdn.
e=M/W
IndrajitBarua.

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Posted:FriJun10,20117:23amPostsubject:Teng'scurve

DearMr.Vikramjeet,

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

4/15

2/13/2016
Joined:26Jan2003
Posts:134

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
Consideringonemomentatatimeinrespectivedirectionandthensuperimposingthemtoknowactualunstressed
zonehasmanyassumptionsandlimitations.Asfarasuniaxialmomentisconsidered,wejustconsiderforce
equilibriumforappliedloadandreactionfromsoilforcompressionzone.Hence,theequationissimpletoobtain.
However,forbiaxialmomentcasehavingloadpointoutsidekern,theequilibriumbehavioriscompletelydifferentis
acomplexproblem.
Asmentionedinmyearlierpost,itisdifficulttoobtainonesingleequationcateringallthecombinationsof
eccentricities.
Toseethebehaviorofshiftofneutralaxisfromoriginalposition(i.e.whensomecornersareexperiencingve
bearingpresure)toactualposition(wherethereisnovebearingpressureonsoil),referthedocumentuploadedon
http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=5420&postdays=0&postorder=asc&start=20.Lasttwopagesof
thedocumentshowstheactualbearingpressurevariationandshiftofNAfordifferentcasesofexandey.
Ascanbeseen,theshiftofNAdependsontheamountofeccentricityinboththedirectionandhence,the
superpositionfromindividualaxiswillnotmeetequilibriumrequirements.
Theuploadeddocumentdescribesthestepbystepnumericalapproachthatcanbeeasilyimplementedthrough
programming.
Forthebenefitofthemembers,Iamattachingtwopicturesshowingthepressurecoefficient(k)forvarious
eccentricityandunstressedarea(calleduplift).Thiswasdevelopedthroughthenumericalapproachwithatangible
accuracyof99.9%.
Regards,
JigneshChokshi

Quote:
Quote:
Quote:
forum@sefindia.org10062011>>>

ThemethoddescribedbyrespectedShBaruasirisinwideuseforfootings
havingappreciablemomentalongwithverticalloadcausingpartof
footingtoleavecontactwithbase(i.e.upliftmentcondition)underthe
actionofunidirectionalmoment
Teng'scurvesalsoprovideupliftmentareaforfootingsunderactionofbiaxialmoment
andgivesmaxbasepressure.Theuseisverycommoninbridgefoundationsopentype
generallyinhillyareaswheregoodrockisavailableatbase.
Onewayisthatthetwomomentscanbeconvertedintoresultantalong
diagonalandfootingcouldbealignedalongdiagonaldirectionassuggested
byShBaruasahab.
Butinactuality,thealignmentoffootingalongdiagonalisnotinpractice.
ThereisnoquickmethodtocheckthebasepressuresotherthanTeng'scurves
Justavagueapproachveryapprox
Anapproximatemethodforsuchbiaxialcasecanbethoughtofadopting
lawofsuperposition
Wemaytake
ActualContactlengthalongLdirectionx==3*[L/2e)]consideringuniaxialmoalongL
ActualContactlengthalongBdirection=y==3*[L/2e')]consideringuniaxialmoalongB
(Butifabovevalueyieldthevaluex>LduetolessMoalongLdir,thexshallberestricted
equaltoLandsimilarilyify>B,thenyshallberestrictedtoB)
MaxBasepressure(redistributed)=[2*W/{x*Y1}+2*W/{X1*y1}]*85%
or
MaxBasepressure(redistributed)=[2*W/{X1*y}+2*W/{x*Y1}]*85%

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

5/15

2/13/2016

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
Y1isleastof(yorB)andX1isleastof(xorL)
Ithinkresultsmaybewithindigestiblerange,thoughnotexact.Probablysomesefimembermay
comeoutwithexactalgorithm
bestregds
vikramjeet

6thJune2011
Re.:queryaboutTeng'scurve
Incaseoffoundationssubjecttouplift,usemaybemadeofthemethodprescribedin'SteelDesigners'Manual',
explainedbrieflyhereasfollows:
Loadedlength=3*y=3*(L/2e)
Maximumedgepressure,p(max)=2*W/(3*B*y),
where:W=totalaxialloadonfoundationincludingselfwt.offdn.
B=widthoffdn.
e=M/W
IndrajitBarua.

PostedviaEmail

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Posted:FriJun10,20119:51amPostsubject:Teng'scurve

DearErJigneshChowkshiji

Joined:26Jan2003
Posts:2212

Iagreewithyouthatitisacomplexproblem.Howeverforquickcheck,ifsome
approxapproachisdeveloped(maybe10%off),itmayhelpsavetimeof
designers.NotoutofcontexttomentionthatColumndesignbyreading
thesp16chartsisverytimeconsuming,buthereonsefi,aveterandesigner
ShRGGuptahasdevelopedMAGICequationswhichwerepostedon
forum.AsimilarapproachisneededforthisproblemtoothoughIfullyagree
itisnoteasy.
thanksandregards
vikramjeet

DearMr.Vikramjeet,
Consideringonemomentatatimeinrespectivedirectionandthensuperimposingthemtoknowactualunstressed
zonehasmanyassumptionsandlimitations.Asfarasuniaxialmomentisconsidered,wejustconsiderforce
equilibriumforappliedloadandreactionfromsoilforcompressionzone.Hence,theequationissimpletoobtain.
However,forbiaxialmomentcasehavingloadpointoutsidekern,theequilibriumbehavioriscompletelydifferentis
acomplexproblem

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

6/15

2/13/2016

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
PostedviaEmail

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hemal
...

Posted:SatJun11,20114:07amPostsubject:Teng'scurve

DearSefiMembers,
Joined:01Apr2008
Posts:109

Foundationdesignmodule(FOUND)ofSTRAPsoftwareprovidesoptionstocontroluplift.Plzfindattachedsome
screenshotstoclarifythetopic.
Regards
HemalMistry
Surat
OnFri,10/6/11,vikram.jeet<forum@sefindia.org>wrote:
Quote:
From:vikram.jeet<forum@sefindia.org>
Subject:[SEFI]Re:Teng'scurve
To:general@sefindia.org
Date:Friday,10June,2011,12:08AM
ThemethoddescribedbyrespectedShBaruasirisinwideuseforfootings
havingappreciablemomentalongwithverticalloadcausingpartof
footingtoleavecontactwithbase(i.e.upliftmentcondition)underthe
actionofunidirectionalmoment
Teng'scurvesalsoprovideupliftmentareaforfootingsunderactionofbiaxialmoment
andgivesmaxbasepressure.Theuseisverycommoninbridgefoundationsopentype
generallyinhillyareaswheregoodrockisavailableatbase.
Onewayisthatthetwomomentscanbeconvertedintoresultantalong
diagonalandfootingcouldbealignedalongdiagonaldirectionassuggested
byShBaruasahab.
Butinactuality,thealignmentoffootingalongdiagonalisnotinpractice.
ThereisnoquickmethodtocheckthebasepressuresotherthanTeng'scurves
Justavagueapproachveryapprox
Anapproximatemethodforsuchbiaxialcasecanbethoughtofadopting
lawofsuperposition
Wemaytake
ActualContactlengthalongLdirectionx==3*[L/2e)]consideringuniaxialmoalongL
ActualContactlengthalongBdirection=y==3*[L/2e')]consideringuniaxialmoalongB
(Butifabovevalueyieldthevaluex>LduetolessMoalongLdir,thexshallberestricted
equaltoLandsimilarilyify>B,thenyshallberestrictedtoB)
MaxBasepressure(redistributed)=[2*W/{x*Y1}+2*W/{X1*y1}]*85%
or
MaxBasepressure(redistributed)=[2*W/{X1*y}+2*W/{x*Y1}]*85%
Y1isleastof(yorB)andX1isleastof(xorL)
Ithinkresultsmaybewithindigestiblerange,thoughnotexact.Probablysomesefimembermay
comeoutwithexactalgorithm
bestregds
vikramjeet

6thJune2011
Re.:queryaboutTeng'scurve
Incaseoffoundationssubjecttouplift,usemaybemadeofthemethodprescribedin'SteelDesigners'
Manual',explainedbrieflyhereasfollows:
Loadedlength=3*y=3*(L/2e)
Maximumedgepressure,p(max)=2*W/(3*B*y),
where:W=totalaxialloadonfoundationincludingselfwt.offdn.
B=widthoffdn.
e=M/W
IndrajitBarua.

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

7/15

2/13/2016

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
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Posted:SunJun12,20115:19amPostsubject:

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

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2/13/2016

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
DearMr.Hemal,

Joined:26Jan2003
Posts:134

Doesthesoftwareperformthisforbiaxialmomentcasealso?
Ifso,whatapproachtheprogramisusingandhowitisvalidated.
Regards,
JigneshVChokshi

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hemal
...

Posted:SunJun12,20115:02pmPostsubject:Teng'scurve

DearMr.Jignesh,
Joined:01Apr2008
Posts:109

Yes,youcanalsohavebiaxialmoment.Actually,asimentionedearlier,thisFOUNDATIONDESIGNMODULEIS
INBUILTMODULEOFSTRAP,whichiswellrecognizedgeneralstructuraldesignsoftware(www.atirsoft.com),and
youcangenerallyexpectbiaxialmomentsinafootingofspacestructure.
Youcanalsohaveeccentricityexand/oreywhichmaybetherebetweenc.g.offootingandcenterofcolumndue
geometricrestraint,inadditiontoactualbiaxialmomentsfromcolumn.
Itprovidescheckforpermissiblebasepressure,onewayshearandtwowayshear.Itprovidesfootingdimensions
anddepth(ifpossible)suchthatupliftparametersasspecifiedaresatisfiedalongwithusualchecks.
Plzfindattachedscreenshotsformoredetails.
Regards
HemalMistry
Surat
OnSun,12/6/11,JVCSNL<forum@sefindia.org>wrote:
Quote:
From:JVCSNL<forum@sefindia.org>
Subject:[SEFI]Re:Teng'scurve
To:general@sefindia.org
Date:Sunday,12June,2011,12:19AM
DearMr.Hemal,
Doesthesoftwareperformthisforbiaxialmomentcasealso?
Ifso,whatapproachtheprogramisusingandhowitisvalidated.
Regards,
JigneshVChokshi

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Posted:MonJun13,20117:49amPostsubject:Teng'scurve

13thJune2011
If'e'ineachofthetwoorthogonaldirectionsexceeds1/6*(respectivelengthinthatdirection),thenyoucouldtry
computingtheeffectsfromthetwodirectionsasinthefollowing:

Joined:26Jan2003
Posts:1025

y1=L/2e[L],y2=B/2e
p(max)[L]=2*W/(3*B*y1)
p(max)=2*W/(3*L*y2)
Itmaybenotedthatp[max]resultingfromthesecomputationsarenotatthesamepoint,and
thereforethe2valuescannotbeaddedtogethertogetaresult.
AsfarasTeng'scurvesareconcerned,I'mabitunsureastowhatcurve'sexactlyyouarereferringto.
TheversionofTeng's'FoundationDesign'Ihaveisquiteold(1962,with8threprintinMarch,1981).
Wouldyoupleaseclarifythisaspectofthematter?
Wecandevelopequationsforanycurveprovidedwehavecertainsetsof'x'and'y'values,bythe
methodof'LeastSquaresCurveFittingRoutine'.Generally,apolynomialofthethirddegreeyields
satisfactoryresults.TheresultingcoefficientscouldbeembeddedinanExcelworksheetforour
purposes.
Ofcourse,wecannotbeverysurethatMotherNaturewouldobeythediktatsofthemathematical
modeldeveloped.byusTherefore,theexplanationofanycurvesdevelopedbyTeng(orforthatmatter,
byanyoneelse)shouldbeavailabletousforourunderstandingofthematter.
IndrajitBarua.
OnThu,09Jun201114:43:11,"jiwaji"<forum@sefindia.org>wrote
Sir
Theequationsgivenbyyouholdonlyecclessthan1/6ththerespectivebasedirections,asfullareais
assumedincontactintheirderivation.Myquerywasforwhentheonlywhenapartoftheareaisin
contact,ietheNAisinclinedtotheprincipaldirectionsofmoments,andinsidethefootingarea.
TheseequationsmaybethebasisofTeng'scharts,andonewouldliketousethemfordeveloping
EXCELormathcadsheets.
Sir,thesesituationsaroftenencounteredwhendiectloadingsarerelativelylight,dominanthorizontal
thrusts(specifiedbyvendorsinavarietyofcombinations)aretoberesisted,tiebeamsarealuxury
andcolumnlocationsareguidedbytechnologicalinputs,ieirregularmechanicallayoutsresultingin
highbiaxialeccentricities.Oneisoftencalledupontolocatesuchadditionalcolumnsinanexisting
Plantforvariousreasons,wherechoiceoflocationbystructuralengineerisunthinkable.
Iwouldbegratefulanyinformationonsuchequations,basedismadeavailable.
Regards
JiwajiDesai

"ibarua"<forum@sefindia.org>
06/08/201109:23PMPleaserespondto
general@sefindia.org
To
general@sefindia.orgcc
Subject
[SEFI]Re:Teng'scurve

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

10/15

2/13/2016

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
8thJune2011
Youcouldperhapstreattheactionsinthetwocasesseparatelyandthensuperimposetheresults.
Generally,foraloadingeccentricaboutbothaxes:
If'eL'and'eB'aretheeccentricitiesoftheload'W'withregardto'L'and'B'respectively,then:
p(max)=W/(B*L)*(1+6*eL/L+6*eB/B)
p(min)=W/(B*L)*(16*eL/L6*eB/B)
Anotherwaycouldbetocomputetheresultantmomentandalignthefoundationinthedirectionof
theresultantmoment.
IndrajitBarua
However,Ihavenotyetcomeacrossasituationwhenafoundationshasupliftsintwodirections.
IndrajitBarua.
OnTue,07Jun201111:58:39+0530"jiwaji"<forum@sefindia.org>wrote
autoremoved
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ibarua

GeneralSponsor

Posted:MonJun13,20118:27amPostsubject:Teng'scurve

13thJune2011
Sequeltomyearlierpost:
Aftersomesearch,I'vebeenabletolocateTeng'scurvesyouhavereferredto(onpage133of'FoundationDesign'
Joined:26Jan2003
Posts:1025

byTeng).Ileaveittoyoutointerpretthechart.Ifsomesetsofdataas'x'and'y'canbegleanedfromthischart,
thenIcouldpossiblyruntheprogramtodeterminethecoefficientsofthepolynomialtogeneratethecurves.These
coefficientscanthenbeembeddedinanExcelworksheettomakeaprogramforanalysisanddesign.
IndrajitBarua.
OnThu,09Jun201114:43:11,"jiwaji"<forum@sefindia.org>wrote
Sir
Theequationsgivenbyyouholdonlyecclessthan1/6ththerespectivebasedirections,asfullareaisassumedin
contactintheirderivation.Myquerywasforwhentheonlywhenapartoftheareaisincontact,ietheNAis
inclinedtotheprincipaldirectionsofmoments,andinsidethefootingarea.
TheseequationsmaybethebasisofTeng'scharts,andonewouldliketousethemfordevelopingEXCELor
mathcadsheets.
Sir,thesesituationsaroftenencounteredwhendiectloadingsarerelativelylight,dominanthorizontalthrusts
(specifiedbyvendorsinavarietyofcombinations)aretoberesisted,tiebeamsarealuxuryandcolumnlocations
areguidedbytechnologicalinputs,ieirregularmechanicallayoutsresultinginhighbiaxialeccentricities.Oneis
oftencalledupontolocatesuchadditionalcolumnsinanexistingPlantforvariousreasons,wherechoiceoflocation
bystructuralengineerisunthinkable.
Iwouldbegratefulanyinformationonsuchequations,basedismadeavailable.
Regards
JiwajiDesai

"ibarua"<forum@sefindia.org>
06/08/201109:23PMPleaserespondto
general@sefindia.org
To
general@sefindia.orgcc
Subject

http://www.sefindia.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=37537

11/15

2/13/2016

www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
[SEFI]Re:Teng'scurve

8thJune2011
Youcouldperhapstreattheactionsinthetwocasesseparatelyandthensuperimposetheresults.
Generally,foraloadingeccentricaboutbothaxes:
If'eL'and'eB'aretheeccentricitiesoftheload'W'withregardto'L'and'B'respectively,then:
p(max)=W/(B*L)*(1+6*eL/L+6*eB/B)
p(min)=W/(B*L)*(16*eL/L6*eB/B)
Anotherwaycouldbetocomputetheresultantmomentandalignthefoundationinthedirectionoftheresultant
moment.
IndrajitBarua
However,Ihavenotyetcomeacrossasituationwhenafoundationshasupliftsintwodirections.
IndrajitBarua.
OnTue,07Jun201111:58:39+0530"jiwaji"<forum@sefindia.org>wrote
autoremoved
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Posted:MonJun13,20112:02pmPostsubject:Teng'scurve

DearSir,
Joined:26Jan2003
Posts:134

ItwouldbereallygreatifsomeonecandeveloptheequationforTeng'scurves.Itried,butendedupdevelopinga
numericalmethodwhichworksforallcasesofeccentricitiesandisunconditional.
Basically,thesecurvesaregraphicalrepresentationoftheresultwhichmeetsequilibriumconditionforfootings
subjectedtolargemomentsinboththedirection.
InmyearlierpostImentionedthatTeng'schartsdepictthepressurecoefficientsvaryfromlineartopolynomialfor
differentcombinationsofeccentricities.
Zone1isacaseoflinearpressurecoefficientsanditisnothingbuttheKernportion.
Zone2isabovezone1anditisleafshaped.ThevaluesofXandYaregiveningraphandequationisnotgivenfor
it.
Zone3isontwosidesofzone2.Theequationsgivenshallbeusedwithappropriatevaluesofexandey.The
equationsapplyonlyfortheonesideandothersideismirrored.Theequationgiveniswithpower2.Ifsolutionof
equationisnotavailable,justinterchangeexandeyandlxandly.
Zone4iswithvaluesofex/lxandey/ly>0.25.Usually,thefoundationsinthiszonefailinoverturningcheckand
forallpracticalreasons,thiszonemaybeignored.However,theequationisprettysimpleandstraightforwardand
isbasedontetrahedron.
Mostofthefoundationsfallinzone2andzone3categoryandthebehaviorofupliftareaandpressurecoefficientis
varyingalot.Findingtheupliftarea(xandy)isreallyachallenge.Also,engineerhastoworkonmanyload
combinationswheretheupliftcasewillarise.
Justtoaddthesolutionadoptedbyothersoftwareworkingonsoilaselasticmedium,likeSAFEalsoworkson
iterativeproceduretoobtainthefoundationincompressiononly.
Regards,

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www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
JigneshVChokshi
Quote:
Quote:
Quote:
forum@sefindia.org13062011>>>

13thJune2011
Sequeltomyearlierpost:
Aftersomesearch,I'vebeenabletolocateTeng'scurvesyouhavereferredto(onpage133of'FoundationDesign'
byTeng).Ileaveittoyoutointerpretthechart.Ifsomesetsofdataas'x'and'y'canbegleanedfromthischart,
thenIcouldpossiblyruntheprogramtodeterminethecoefficientsofthepolynomialtogeneratethecurves.These
coefficientscanthenbeembeddedinanExcelworksheettomakeaprogramforanalysisanddesign.
IndrajitBarua.
OnThu,09Jun201114:43:11,"jiwaji"wrote
Sir
Theequationsgivenbyyouholdonlyecclessthan1/6ththerespectivebasedirections,asfullareaisassumedin
contactintheirderivation.Myquerywasforwhentheonlywhenapartoftheareaisincontact,ietheNAis
inclinedtotheprincipaldirectionsofmoments,andinsidethefootingarea.
TheseequationsmaybethebasisofTeng'scharts,andonewouldliketousethemfordevelopingEXCELor
mathcadsheets.
Sir,thesesituationsaroftenencounteredwhendiectloadingsarerelativelylight,dominanthorizontalthrusts
(specifiedbyvendorsinavarietyofcombinations)aretoberesisted,tiebeamsarealuxuryandcolumnlocations
areguidedbytechnologicalinputs,ieirregularmechanicallayoutsresultinginhighbiaxialeccentricities.Oneis
oftencalledupontolocatesuchadditionalcolumnsinanexistingPlantforvariousreasons,wherechoiceoflocation
bystructuralengineerisunthinkable.
Iwouldbegratefulanyinformationonsuchequations,basedismadeavailable.
Regards
JiwajiDesai

"ibarua"
06/08/201109:23PMPleaserespondto
general@sefindia.org(general@sefindia.org)
To
general@sefindia.org(general@sefindia.org)cc
Subject
[SEFI]Re:Teng'scurve

8thJune2011
Youcouldperhapstreattheactionsinthetwocasesseparatelyandthensuperimposetheresults.
Generally,foraloadingeccentricaboutbothaxes:
If'eL'and'eB'aretheeccentricitiesoftheload'W'withregardto'L'and'B'respectively,then:
p(max)=W/(B*L)*(1+6*eL/L+6*eB/B)
p(min)=W/(B*L)*(16*eL/L6*eB/B)
Anotherwaycouldbetocomputetheresultantmomentandalignthefoundationinthedirectionoftheresultant
moment.

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www.sefindia.org::ViewtopicTeng'scurve
IndrajitBarua
However,Ihavenotyetcomeacrossasituationwhenafoundationshasupliftsintwodirections.
IndrajitBarua.
OnTue,07Jun201111:58:39+0530"jiwaji"wrote
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