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- Business
- Classified Ads
- Dateline
- Editor
- Editorial
- Education
- Entertainment
- Feature article
- Headline
- Health
- Home and Culture
- International
- News article
- Obituaries
- Science
- Society Page
- Sports
- Table of contents
- Technology
- The cover page story
- Travel and Tourism Section


The business section is for things that are happening businesswise. For example, the business section might contain media
and advertising, world business, the economy of the country
that you live in, the stock markets, company researches, mutual
funds, and stock portfolios.
Classified Ads
Classified advertising is a form of advertising which is
particularly common in newspapers,
The words at the beginning of a news article that tell when and
where the story was written.
One of the people who runs a newspaper.
An article in which the people who run a newspaper give their
opinion on an important issue
This section contains information about movies, radio,
television, and other activities for entertainment. It also includes
games and puzzles, comic strips and cartoons, and the daily

Feature article
Feature articles provide readers with a written analysis of a
certain topic. These articles are intended to serve readers with
the writer's interpretation of a story, unlike news stories, which
simply provide the facts. Feature articles appear in several
different forms.
The words printed in large type across the top of a newspaper
article to catch the reader's attention.
The health section in a newspaper would usually contain the
things that are happening to a modern day person's health. For
example: They might have come out with a new medicine that
could clear the human race totally of allergies. In a health
section, there might be news containing things about fitness
and nutrition, new health care policies, and mental health and
Home and Culture
This section provides ideas about budgeting, food preparation,
house improvement, proper plant care, and the like.
The international section of a newspaper tells you about news in

different continents, such as Africa, the Americas, Europe, and

News article
In a newspaper, a story about an event that has just taken
In an obituary, you can find out about people who passed on
recently, and people think that their death should be mentioned
to the community. When you would go to this section in a
newspaper, you can most likely find a picture about someone
and a short biography.
The science section in a newspaper contains things that are
happening in our medical world today. For example: A science
section in a newspaper might contain what's happening in outer
space, and it might contain things that are happening in and
around our environment.
Society Page
This se ction contains news about important or well-known
people who are celebrating special occasions or performing at a
particular place.

In a sports section, you may find out about last night's baseball,
basketball, and football game. That's the second thing besides
asking your buddies down at the pizza parlour. It may also tell
you about a player on a team that might have gotten injured and
cannot play. In a sports section, you can find out things about
basketball, professional basketball, golf, soccer, tennis,
professional football, and different sports that maybe you'd want
to look for.
Table of contents
This is the most important part of a newspaper. This part of the
newspapershows where to find all of these newspaper sections.
Without it, reading the newspaper would take hours to read!
The technology section contains things that are going in and out
of style in the technology world, things that are coming out, and
things that have been out, but they're coming back in style.
The cover page story
In this section, you'd just find the story that has the cover page
has on it. It has more detail, and is usually found in the first few
pages in the newspaper.
Travel and Tourism
This section provides a guide to enjoyable travel. It directs
tourists to scenic vacation spots and gives information on the

activities in these places. Also found in this section are the

schedules of the departure and arrival of ships and airplanes,
both domestic and international.
To return the favor:
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What are the different parts of

the newspaper and their
1. General News- This contains the most important news both here
and abroad. It is usually found on the front page of the newspaper.
The title of the most important news is printed in big bold letters. It
is called banner headline.
2. Local and Foreign News Section- Part of this section contains news
from the towns and cities of the nation. Another part contains news
from abroad.
3. Editorial Page- Printed in this section are articles called editorials.
An editorial gives views or opinions of the editor or publisher on
certain issues or events.
4. Sports Page- This page contains news about sports events in and
out of the country. It also contains people well-known in sports.
5. Classified Ads Section- This section contains advertisements
which fall under headings like Help Wanted, For Lease or Sale,
Wanted to Buy. Also found in
This section are personal and legal notices.
6. Business and Finance Section- This section provides businessmen
and people interested in business with information on banking,
foreign exchange rates, imports and exports, and prices of prime

7. Entertainment Section- This section contains information about

movies, radio, television, and other activities for entertainment. It
also includes games and puzzles, comic strips and cartoons, and the
daily horoscope.
8. Home and Culture Section- This section provides ideas about
budgeting, food preparation, house improvement, proper plant care,
and the like.
9. Society Page- This section contains news about important or wellknown people who are celebrating special occasions or performing
at a particular place.
10. Travel and Tourism Section- This section provides a guide to
enjoyable travel. It directs tourists to scenic vacation spots and
gives information on the activities in these places. Also found in this
section are the schedules of the departure and arrival of ships and
airplanes, both domestic and international.
11. Announcements and Obituary Page- This section provides news
on the activities of the different religious sects, such as fellowships,
seminars, prayer meetings, bible studies, and the like. A list of
people who died and the time and place of their burial is found in
the obituary page.

Ano ang poliponya sa musika?]

Binubuo ito ng dalawa o higit pang mga himig na may
sariling kayarian at kaayusan ang bawat isa. Isang
halimbawa nito ay ang awit na "round" na isa-isa ang
pasok sa melodiya.

Ano ang tekstura?

In: Musika, Potograpya [Edit categories]

TEKSTURA SA BAGAY- ay tumutukoy sa panlabas

na katangian ng isang bagay na nahihipo o
TEKSTURA SA MUSIKA-tumutukoy sa kapal at
tinis ng musika

How to Read Your




Customer Care

Read Your Meter

A quick lesson in meter

Electric use varies from household to household,
depending upon the size of your home, number
and type of appliances and how you use them.
Your electric meter keeps track of it all for you.
Electric meters record the total amount of
electricity used. You can look at your own usage
by learning to read your own meter.

Is your meter a
confusing object?
It needn't be. Meters are not difficult to read and
they can provide you with information about
your energy conservation efforts. The
explanation in this pamphlet provides you with a
quick lesson in meter reading.

Your electric meter measures the amount of

electricity you use. Just as you purchase pounds
of meat, quarts of milk or gallons of gasoline,
you buy kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity. One
kWh of electricity supplies enough energy to
light ten 100-watt lamps for one hour.
Utility representatives use an electronic device
to read your meter every month unless it
inaccessible due to locked gates, heavy foliage,
unrestrained dogs or inclement weather
(flooding, etc.). When a meter cannot be read,
an estimate is made by computer. Your
cooperation in creating a safe working
environment for our employees is appreciated
and will eliminate the need for an estimated bill.
Any difference between the estimate and your
actual energy is adjusted automatically on your
next billing, provided actual readings are

How to Read Your

Electric Meter
Read all the dials from right to left, and
write the numbers down from right to left.
When the hand on any dial is between two
numbers, read the smaller number.
If the pointer appears to be exactly on a
number, record the next lowest number
unless the pointer on the dial to its right
has passed zero.
In This Example, the Reading Is 83895

Can You Show Me Step

by Step?
DIAL 1: The pointer is directly on number
5. Record as 5.

DIAL 2: The pointer has just passed 9, and

is between 9 and 0. Record as 9.
DIAL 3: The next dial has passed 8, and is
between 8 and 9. Again, record the smaller
number which is 8.
DIAL 4: The pointer looks like it is right on
the 4 but, the dial to its right has not
passed zero. So, you would record this dial
as 3.
DIAL 5: The pointer is between 8 and 9.
Record the smaller number which the
pointer just passed, which is 8.
Keep These Hints in Mind

Notice that the pointers on the first, third

and fifth dial move in the same direction
as the hand of a clock. The second and
fourth pointers move in the opposite

Stand directly in front of the meter so you

can clearly see the location of each
Read the numbers from RIGHT to LEFT,
and write the numbers down in the same
order (from right to left).
If the pointer is between two numbers,
read the number the pointer has just
passed, always the lowest number.
If the pointer is between 9 and 0, always
read 9.
If the pointer appears to be exactly on a
number, read the next lowest number
unless the pointer to its right has passed
zero. Since the first dial has no dial to its
right, this does not apply to dial 1.
Want to try this out on your meter? Download
this information in a pdf brochure.

Electrical safety tips

Electricity always seeks the easiest path to the
ground. It tries to find a conductor, such as
metal, wet wood, or water. Never touch an
energized bare wire or faulty appliance while
you are grounded, the electricity will instantly
pass through you to the ground, causing a
harmful or fatal shock.
When you need to change a fuse or in case of
fire or shock, turn off the main switch on your
service panel. If you don't have a main switch,
turn off all circuit breakers. Remember, do not
tamper with the electric meter. You'll risk shock,
explosion, or fire.
Children's natural curiosity can lead to electrical
accidents. Teach children never to put fingers or
objects into an electrical outlet, toaster, or any
other appliance, even if it's off. Use plug covers
in all your outlets.

Ang pahayagan, diyaryo, o peryodiko ay isang uri

ng paglilimbag na naglalaman ng balita, impormasyon
at patalastas, kadalasang na imprenta sa mababang
halaga. Ito ay maaaring pangkalahatan o may espesyal
na interes, at kadalasan itong inilalathala ng araw-araw
o lingguhan.
Ang kauna-unahang naimprentang perydiko ay
inilathala noong 1605, at nakikipagsabayan pa rin kahit
umusbong na ang mga bagong teknolohiya tulad
ng radyo, telebisyon, at ang internet. Dahil sa mga
bagong pag-papaunlad sa internet, nagkaroon ng
pagsubok sa industriya ng mga peryodiko. Bumaba
ang sirkulasyon nito sa mga bansa, kaya't ang iba ay
lumilipat mula imprenta patungo sa internet online, na
nagdulot ng pagbaba ng kita sa mga peryodiko. May
mga lumalabas ng mga prediksiyon na baka lumiit o
mawala na ang halaga nito, ngunit batay sa
kasaysayan, hindi nalagpasan ng mga bagong
teknolohiya tulad ng radyo at telebisyon ang mga
nakalimbag na media.

Simula nang maging dyurnal (talaan ng pangyayari)

ang pahayagan, ang propesyong may kinalaman sa
paggawa ng dyaryo ay tinawag na peryodismo.
Sa panahon ng "Dilaw na Peryodismo" noong ika-19 na
siglo, madaming pahayagan sa Amerika ay bumase sa
mga nakaliligalig na mga kwento, sinadya ito upang
galitin o pukawin ang madla imbes na magbigay
impormasyon. ang mahigpit na pamamaraan ng pagulat na nakabase sa pagsisiyasat at kawastuhan ay
muling sumikat bandang ikalawang pandaigdig.
Ang pamumuna sa peryodismo ay iba-iba at minsan ay
mahubdob. Ang krebilidad ay pinagdududahan dahil sa
mga hindi kilalang pinagmulan, mga mali sa detalye,
pagbaybay, at balarila, totoo o kaya natutuklasang hindi
patas, at mga alingasngas na may kinalaman sa
panunulad at paggawa ng kwento.
Noon, ang pahayagan ay madalas na pagmamay-ari
ng mga makapangyarihang tao, at ginamit ito upang
magkaroon ng boses sa pulitika. Pagkatapos ng 1920

halos lahat ng malalaking palimbagan ay naging bahagi

ng ugnayang pinalalakad ng malalaking samahan tulad
ng Gannett, The McClatchy Company, Hearst
Corporation, Cox Enterprises, Landmark Media
Enterprises LLC, Morris Communications, The Tribune
Company, Hollinger International, News Corporation,
Swift Communications, at iba pa.
Nilalaman[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Pangkalahatan ang nilalaman nito. Kadalasang mga

pangkasalukuyang mga balita ang nakalimbag.
Maaaring ito ay mga pangyayari sa politika, balita sa
ibang bansa, kalakalan, kultura, palakasan, at mga

opinyon (alinman sa editoryal, kolum o guhitlarawang pampolitika). Ang mga Peryodiko ay

kadalasang gumagamit ng mga larawan upang ipakita
ang mga kuwento.
Ang iba pang maaaring ilagay sa peryodiko/pahayagan

Ulat panahon

Tudling ng Pagpapayo

Mga tala ng mga palabas

sa pelikula at teatro, shopping mall, restoran,

Pangulong tudling

Mga balitang showbis

Mga palaisipan, krosword, sudoku, at mga



Mga biro at katatawanan


Mga balitang pangdayuhan / balitang pandaigdig

Pangmukhang pahina

Iba't ibang bahagi ng pahayagan?

In: Libangan at Sining, Panitikan, Wika [Edit categories]

Pangmungkahing Pahina (Front page) nakalimbag sa pahinang ito ang
pinakamahahalagang balita.
Pahinang Editoryal (Editoryal page) natutunghayan dito ang pangunahing
pangulong tudling, kolum ng mga
komentarista/ pitak, karikaturang editoryal,
mga liham sa patnugot at talaan ng
Tanging Lathalain - itinatampok dito ang
katangi-tanging artikulo na maaaring tao,
pook, pangyayari, bagay, lunan at kakaibang
paniniwala o panuntunan sa buhay.
Isports/Pampalakasan (Sports page) nababasa sa pahinang ito ang mga tampok
na paligsaghan ng laro tulad ng basketball
atbp. Itinatampok din dito ang mga pitak

Movie Guide - Dito makikita ang mga
pelikulang ipapalabas sa sinehan.
Tv Guide - Dito makikita ang mga palabas sa
Klasipikadong Anunsyo (Classified Ads) - Sa
pahinang ito makikita ang mga trabaho,
ang mga house and lot na ipinagbibili atbp.
Obituary - Dito makikita ang mga namatay
na tao.
Pahinang Panlibangan (Entertainment page)
- Dito makikita ang mga Komiks, puzzle
Lifestyle - Dito makikita ang mga
pamamaraan ng pamumuhay ng mga sikat
na tao.
Business page - Dito makikita ang mga
bagay na may kaugnay sa negosyo.
Pang Grade School

Pagtukoy sa mga bahagi ng pahayagan

Ang pahayagan ay isang uri ng babasahing
naglalaman ng mahahalagang balitang
pambasa,pandaigdig,lathalain,anunsyo at
marami pang iba. Ito ay may ibat-ibang
Pangalan- Ito ang pantawag sa pahayagan
na makapagkikilanlan dito matatagpuan ito
sa taas na bahagi ng unang pahina.
Pangmukhang Pahina- dito mababasa ang
ulo ng balita o ang pinakatampok at
pangunahing balita. Makikita rin dito ang iba
pang mahahalagang balita.
Pangulong Tudling o Editoryal- mababasa
dito ang kuro- kuro ng editor o patnugot ng
pahayagan ukol sa mga napapanahonng
Lathalain- mababasa rito ang ibat-ibang
artikulo ng ibat ibang panunulat. Kabilang
dito ang mga paksa tungkol sa
pantahanan,pagliwaliw at marami pang
ibang humihikayat sa interes ngmambabasa.

Pitak-Ito ang kinapapalsaban ng mga

opinyon at pagmamasid ng isang palagian o
regular na manunulat ng pahayagan.
Balitang Pambansa- naglalaman ito ng mga
balita at pangyayari sa loob ng bansa.
Balitang pandaigdig-ang mga kaganapan sa
ibang bansa ay matutunghayan dito.
Kalakalan- mababasa rito ang mga balitang
ukol sa negosyo,pananalapi at iba kaugnay
ng bansa.
Libangan- Matutunghay dito ang mga
artikulo tunkol sa mga
artista,pelikula,tanghalan at iba pang
sangay ng sining. Mababasa rin dito ang
mga programa sa telebisyon at palabas sa
mga sinihan,horoscope,komiks at mga
Balitang pampalakasan- nakapaloob dito
ang mga balita ukol sa mga paligsahan at sa
ibat-ibang larangan ng isports,resulta ng
mga laro at iba pa.
Anunsyong Klasipikado-Mababasa rito ang
mga patalastas ukol sa paghahanap ng

trabaho,mga uri ng serbisyo,paupahang

bahay,mga piangbibiling
lote,bahay,gamit,sasakyan at iba pa.
Obitwaryo-malulunghayan dito ang mga
pangalan ng mga yumao o namatay at iba
pang impormasyon tungkol sa kanila.

According to the standard Big Bang model,

the universe was born during a period of
inflation that began about 13.7 billion years
ago. Like a rapidly expanding balloon, it
swelled from a size smaller than an electron
to nearly its current size within a tiny fraction
of a second.
Initially, the universe was permeated only by
energy. Some of this energy congealed into
particles, which assembled into light atoms
like hydrogen and helium. These atoms
clumped first into galaxies, then stars, inside
whose fiery furnaces all the other elements
were forged.

This is the generally agreed-upon picture of

our universe's origins as depicted by
scientists. It is a powerful model that
explains many of the things scientists see
when they look up in the sky, such as the
remarkable smoothness of space-time on
large scales and the even distribution of
galaxies on opposite sides of the universe.
But there are things about it that make
some scientists uneasy. For starters, the
idea that the universe underwent a period of
rapidinflation early in its history cannot be
directly tested, and it relies on the existence
of a mysterious form of energy in the
universe's beginning that has long
"Inflation is an extremely powerful theory,
and yet we still have no idea what caused
inflationor whether it is even the correct
theory, although it works extremely well,"

said Eric Agol, an astrophysicist at the

University of Washington.
For some scientists, inflation is a clunky
addition to the Big Bang model, a necessary
complexity appended to make it fit with
observations. Nor was it the last such
"We've also learned there has to be dark
matter in the universe, and now dark
energy," said Paul Steinhardt, a theoretical
physicist at Princeton University. "So the
way the model works today is you say, 'OK,
you take some Big Bang, you take some
inflation, you tune that to have the following
properties, then you add a certain amount of
dark matter and dark energy.' These things
aren't connected in a coherent theory."
"What's disturbing is when you have a
theory and you make a new observation,
you have to add new components,"

Steinhardt added. "And they're not

connected There's no reason to add
them, and no particular reason to add them
in that particular amount, except the
observations. The question is how much
you're explaining and how much you're
engineering a model. And we dont' know
An ageless universe
In recent years, Steinhardt has been
working with colleague Neil Turok at
Cambridge University on a radical
alternative to the standard Big Bang model.
According to their idea, called the ekpyrotic
universe theory, the universe was born not
just once, but multiple times in endless
cycles of fiery death and rebirth. Enormous
sheet-like "branes," representing different
parts of our universe, collide about once
every trillion years, triggering Big Bang-like

explosions that re-inject matter and energy

into the universe.
The pair claims that their ekpyrotic, or
"cyclic," theory would explain not only
inflation, but other cosmic mysteries as well,
including dark matter, dark energy and why
the universe appears to be expanding at an
ever-accelerating clip.
While controversial, the ekpyrotic theory
raises the possibility that the universe is
ageless and self-renewing. It is a prospect
perhaps even more awe-inspiring than a
universe with a definite beginning and end,
for it would mean that the stars in the sky,
even the oldest ones, are like short-lived
fireflies in the grand scheme of things.
"Does the universe resemble any of the
physical models we make of it? I'd like to
hope that the effort society pours into
scientific research is getting us closer to

fundamental truths, and not just a way to

make useful tools," said Caltech astronomer
Richard Massey. "But I'm equally terrified of
finding out that everything I know is wrong,
and secretly hope that I don't."