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Content

At a Glance
05 | February 2015

10 Cover Story:
Melbournes Lord Mayor Robert Doyle
Australias second-largest metropolis has repeatedly been voted the worlds most livable city. urbanDNA met
with Lord Mayor Robert Doyle to discuss long-term planning and lateral thinking to prepare for climate change,
population growth, and the integration of cutting-edge technology for a 21st-century infrastructure.

3 Editorial
6 City Lights
From our correspondents, a series of vignettes on
newdevelopments in urban living, from Milan to
Mississauga.

10 Cover Story: Melbournes Lord Mayor Robert Doyle


60 Predictive maintenance

20 PJM keeps the lights on


66 Mobility in Mumbai

20 PJM: Keeping the Lights On


PJM President and CEO Terry Boston on grid reliability:
Nothing has done more than electricity to raise our
standard of living.

26 Vienna: Smart City, Yesterday and


Tomorrow
The new city quarter of Aspern is a flagship for Viennas
Smart City initiative and an innovation showcase.

34 Making a Difference
Exclusive Q&A with ICLEIs Gino Van Begin on the role
of local governments in sustainable urban
development.

39 Hard Hats
Fire safety, zero-carbon construction, and virtual
power plants: Siemens solutions for urban
infrastructure.

48 Managing the Electronic Brain


Cofely Services operates its Agility Data Center using
Siemens management software with 3D visualization.

52 Taking the Lead on Climate Action


Seoul, Barcelona, Portland, and Buenos Aires were
among the winners of the 2014 CCLA awards.

60 New Service Concepts


Smart maintenance of transport infrastructure reduces
congestion and delays, and boosts safety and efficiency.

66 Maximum Mumbai
Several projects in the worlds fifth most populous
metropolis tackle mobility and public transportation
issues.

74 Street Patterns
A recent study fingerprinted 131 cities based on the
shapes of building blocks rather than their street grid.

75 Imprint
Cover: Sean Fennessy
Photos: Sean Fennessy, Agnes Thor, Atul Loke Illustration: Romain Trystram

30xxxData Centers

4urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 5

City Lights

City Lights

The Worlds First eHighway


Electric cars have taken to the road in a big
way here in California, which has long been
a pioneer in reducing emissions. Electric
trucks may soon join them. On a 1-mile
(1.6-kilometer) stretch of highway in Carson,
a dozen miles from downtown Los Angeles,
Siemens is installing a system of overhead
cables that supply electricity to specially
equipped trucks. It is the first public eHighway in the world. The demonstration will
involve a minimum of three vehicles. Each
is equipped with active current collectors,
which dynamically connect to the overhead
cables at speeds of up to 65 miles (90 kilometers) an hour. On roads without overhead
cables, the trucks can operate on diesel, natural gas, or batteries. On the eHighway, they
seamlessly switch to electricity. The current
collectors even allow trucks to disconnect
temporarily in order to pass. Eventually, a
22-mile (30-kilometer) stretch of highway
carrying some 35,000 trucks a day shuttling
between the downtown rail yards and the
two large ports of Los Angeles and Long
Beach may be electrified creating an innovative new road toward the goal of emissions-free freight transportation.

Cities are more than the sum of their citizens. Nevertheless, as more and more
people move to the urban centers, city life is determined by the individual experience
as much as by overarching developments. Here are a few personal perspectives and
observations highlighting urban trends.

Peter Jaret, journalist in Petaluma, California

Learning from Other Cities Can Go a Long Way


Abha Joshi-Ghani is the Director of Knowledge and Learning in Urban
Development at the World Bank Institute. A year and a half ago, she spoke
to urbanDNA about her responsibility for urban policy and strategy.
What has changed since then?
Infrastructure spending battered by the financial crisis remains a
priority for the World Bank. Countries prioritized infrastructure that was
absolutely necessary. But that is easing up now, explains Joshi-Ghani.
The bank increased lending during the financial crisis.
Climate action, she says, has to happen in cities, which feature the biggest concentrations of people and assets, produce 80 percent of greenhouse gases, and account for nearly 70 percent of energy used worldwide: Cities understand that they can have a very big impact on climate
action. Cities and the climate are intrinsically connected. Any positive
step toward sustainable infrastructure, inclusion of the poor in the city,
or good governance leads to climate action by the cities.
The World Bank supports planning and development for sustainable infrastructure: We want cities to learn from each other. Learning from other
cities can go a long way toward improving infrastructure and services.

6urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

strategic partner, Siemens will supply intelligent software to


enable the Enel Smart Grid a cornerstone of the fairs entire
technology infrastructure.
But thats not all. To underscore the relationship between
technology and nature in art as in nutrition Siemens has
provided Expo Gates, four treelike sculptures designed by
architect Daniel Libeskind. Each 10-meter structure anchors a
corner of Expos main square, Piazza Italia.
Claudia Flisi, journalist in Milan

Photos: Lynsey Addario, S


iemens AG

Thoughts of Italy bring to mind thoughts of food. This association will be stronger than ever when Milan hosts Expo 2015,
the worlds fair focusing on global nutrition. Up to 20 million
visitors will explore the theme of Feeding the planet, energy
for life between May 1 and October 31, 2015, roaming across
200 hectares of dedicated fairgrounds and seeing the exhibits of 144 countries. Pavilions will interpret the theme through
traditional cultural values and the use of new technologies.
Enel is one of Expos official global partners, contributing
smart energy solutions to the world event. As Enels official

Photo: Siemens AG

Food for Thought

Abha Joshi-Ghani
Roman Elsener, journalist in New York

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 7

City Lights

City Lights

Secrets of Hurricane Hazel


In Mississauga, her city near Toronto, people simply call
her Hazel. But everywhere else, Hazel McCallion is known
as Hurricane Hazel. At 93 years, Canadas oldest mayor
stepped aside on November 30, 2014, after 36 years in office. It was a wonderful journey, she tells urbanDNA. When
I was elected mayor in 1978, this place was a bedroom community for Toronto. But we built a city with infrastructure
forfamilies. Now Mississauga has a population of 713,000
and a spectacular skyline. We had to dig a hole in a hayfieldto build our downtown, she adds. Cows were grazing
here in 1978.
Hurricane Hazel won twelve elections before deciding to retire. One of her most famous quotes to explain her success
is: Act like a lady, think like a man (which Ive never figured
out), and work like a dog. She adds: You have to be very
honest with people. You have to do your homework before
you make a decision. I spent their money like my own, quite
carefully. And I ran this city like a business.
The former ice hockey player now plans to promote her favorite sport. And she is looking forward to spending time with
Missy, her German shepherd who is named after her city.
Jean-Cosme Delaloye, journalist in New York

Hazel McCallion

IPCC Fifth Assessment Report:


The Facts
In its Fifth Assessment Report (2014), the Intergovern
mental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) found that
global warming was continuing, with human influence a likely cause, and that a delayed response
would raise the cost of emissions reductions.
After 2030, the global population is set to
increase by 1 billion every

13 years.
Urban areas share
of global energy use:

of global energyrelated CO2:

6776%

7176%

Urban areas contribute between

80 and 90% of global GDP.


Share of global GDP contributed
by 27 major cities:
Share of global population
living in these cities:

8% (2012)
2.5%

Share of CO2 emissions attributable to urban


primary energy:
EU:

8urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

80%

China:

86%

Urban residents enjoying clean air in line with


WHO guidelines, worldwide:

economy, the focus is on greater efficiency for the road networks to keep up with
urban expansion. Investments made
today will determine the development of
any city tomorrow, especially when it
has to cope with population growth and
severe weather events, Michael Stevns,
Siemens project leader of the study, said
in HCMC.

160 million
Contribution of steel and cement to global
carbon emissions in 2006:
nearly

Photo: Xinhua News Agency

Clark Shimazu, journalist in Bangkok

Resilient Urban Mobility


A Case Study of Integrated
Transport in Ho Chi Minh
City

9% and 7%, respectively

Source: Allwood et al., 2010

Photo: Siemens AG

congestion and economic losses due


to transport delays, S
iemens and Arup
explored the benefits that smart transportation solutions could bring to the
city. An integrated control center that
gathers real-time data from the roads
and enables efficient management of
the transportation system as well as
bus priority services could provide daily
benefits and redirect traffic when needed providing economic benefits for
HCMC of US$1.6 billion dollars in the
next 30 years. The benefits achieved
are estimated at US$3.30 for every dollar invested.
At a time when the scale of investment
for a citywide public transport remains
far out of reach for the developing

USA:

Source: IEA 2008

Vietnam Can Ride above Rising Waters


The troupes of motorcyclists and buses
whirling inside roundabouts are a mustdo photo for visitors to Ho Chi Minh City
(HCMC). In the rainy season, however,
the vehicular corps de ballet halts to a
beeping and honking jumble of angry
drivers and frustrated commuters.
The southern metropolis, swollen beyond the 7.7 million mark, is only 1meter above sea level, and the waters are
rising. The city is one of the most exposed to the effects of climate change.
Managing todays traffic is already an
enormous task, and the citys population is growing by between 3 and 6percent a year, adding pressure to the already overcrowded streets and roads.
To prevent a future of worsening traffic

69%

Number of people using polluting and unhealthy


traditional solid fuels for household cooking and
heating:

3 billion
Source: Pachauri et al., 2012; IEA, 2012

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 9

How to Run the Worlds

Most Livable

City

For the past four years, Melbourne, Australias second-largest


metropolis, has been judged the worlds most livable city.
urbanDNA met with Lord Mayor Robert Doyle to talk about
accolades won through long-term planning, thinking laterally
about city amenities, climate change, population growth,
andcutting-edge technology for a 21st-century infrastructure.
Text: Garry Barker

Photos: Sean Fennessy

Melbourne

or four consecutive years, the


Economist Intelligence Unit
(EIU) has judged the City of
Melbourne to be the worlds most
livable city. Its a distinction that
puts Melbourne comfortably at the
head of the EIUs list of 140 major cities worldwide. Recognition at
such a level is good to have and provides cultural and commercial benefits. Melbournes Lord Mayor Robert
Doyle is proud of those accolades,
and several others the city has recently won, including the C40 and
Siemens City Climate Leadership
Award (CCLA).
They tell the world that Melbourne is
a good place for living, visiting, and
conducting business in comfort and
safety, he says. But pleasing though
the many honors are, the Lord Mayor
sees them much more as a measure
of how Melbourne is progressing
through the far-sighted program of
urban development that the City of

12urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

A great city in which to live and do


business: TheEconomist Intelligence
Unit has named Melbourne the
worlds most livable city for four
years in a row.

Melbourne has embarked upon and


to which he gives much of his time,
energy, and attention.

The Long View


I think of where Melbourne needs
tobe in 50 years time, and then think
about what that means about where
itneeds to be in 30 years and 20years,
in 10, in 5, in 2, he tells urbanDNA
inhis big, dark-paneled mayoral
chamber in the 145-year-old Second
Empire-style Melbourne Town Hall on
Swanston Street, the central citys
busiest thoroughfare and the busiest
tram route in the world.
Thats the way I prefer to think: Look
as far forward as you possibly can,
and then work out where you need to
be right now if thats where you want
to be in 50 years. Winning the four
most livable city awards isevidence
of how well that program is progressing, and there have beenseveral
other international awards. Two of

the most recent came fromthe C40


group and areparticularly important
to me: theCCLA awards, says Doyle.
The 1,200 buildings program aims
toretrofit 1,200 existing buildings to
improve their energy and water efficiency. Since 2008, 560 buildings
have been or are currently being retrofitted, with the aspirational goal to
achieve a 4.5 star NABERS energy rating. This years award is all the more
remarkable because it had its beginnings in a disaster, the mayor adds.

Staying Cool in a Hotter Climate


During Doyles first year in office,
the Black Saturday bushfires of 2009
killed 173 people. His reaction to the
disaster was profound and has had a
huge effect upon his view of how the
city should be planned and developed
over the next half century. When I
was first elected Lord Mayor, we had
terrible bushfires in Victoria, Doyle
recalls. Those fires killed 173people.

Melbourne

But what was not generally appreciated at the time was that leading up
to that awful day, parts of Victoria experienced up to ten consecutive days
above 40degrees. Thetemperature in
Melbourne on Black Saturday reached
46degrees. The city very nearly
came to a halt. Telecommunications,
public transport, lifts in buildings,
and many services failed or were
affected.
Those temperatures came at the
end of a ten-year drought, when water was rationed and its vital importance was high in everyones mind.
All Australians remember Black
Saturdays toll, but what Doyle and
the citys administrators, led by chief
executive Kathy Alexander, knew and
what galvanized them into action was
that in Melbourne during that week,
375people died of heat-related stress,
respiratory failure, and illness exacerbated by the high temperatures.
The aged and the ill were particularly
vulnerable.
We had to confront the eventuality that this would happen again,
that we would be getting longer and
hotter summers and drought periods, Doyle notes. The city had
to be cooled, but how to do it without upsetting the program for energy conservation? Thermal mapping showed that on a very hot day,
the outer suburbs of metropolitan
Melbourne were 4 to 5 degrees cooler than the inner city, where the
black asphalt and the concentration
of big buildings created a heat island effect, Doyle explains.

A Protective Canopy
Research offered a number of courses of action. We chose a very simple
one. We decided to plant more trees.
The drought had already affected
our canopy. We were losing trees;
were in danger of losing the great
elms and plane trees that are a hallmark of Melbourne. So our arborists designed an urban forest strategy that had us planting 3,000 trees a
year. We are on target to plant 30,000
trees, increasing the tree canopy in
the city from 20 percent to 40 percent.
That should cool the city center by
about 4 degrees in summer, making

Lord Mayor of Melbourne Robert


Doyle believes in taking a long-term
approach to urban development.

it a much more pleasant place, but


also safer and more resilient.
The trees still needed water, however: We embarked on large-scale
storm water harvesting projects in
our main gardens, in Birrarung Marr,
the parkland beside the Yarra River,
Alexandra Gardens, Fitzroy Gardens,
and the very large wetlands in Royal
Park. We have also built the worlds
first in-road storm water harvesting system on Darling Road in East
Melbourne. At the same time, we
were saving a lot of money in energy
costs and air-conditioning and making the city a more pleasant place to
be. Thats how we won the CCLA for
resilient adaptation with two programs that began because of that
awful disaster in February 2009. They
may not make the city drought-proof
or weather-proof, but they will enhance our resilience as we face hotter
summers in the future, states Doyle.

Robert Doyle
Born in Melbourne, age 61
Lord Mayor of Melbourne since
December 2008
Member of Victoria State
Parliament for 14 years
Opposition leader for four
years
Shadow Minister for Health
for three years
Parliamentary Secretary for
Health for three years
Principal at The Nous Group,
management consultancy
based in Melbourne; Chairman
of Melbourne Health, which
runs the Royal Melbourne
Hospital; and other charitable, academic, and economic
appointments.

Scan to watch Robert Doyle


discuss Melbournes cycling
culture and creating car-free
areas downtown.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 13

Melbourne

Melbourne

Melbourne City
Metropolitan Melbourne includes 30 suburban cities and shires
Area: 10,000 square kilometers
Aggregate population: 4.5 million
Population increase: +90,000 per year
Central Melbourne: laid out along the Hoddle Grid or Golden
Mile devised in 1837 by surveyor Robert Hoddle
Area: 36 square kilometers
Population: 95,000
Newly developed neighborhoods: Flemington, Kensington,
Southbank, Docklands

An increased tree
canopywithin Melbourne
helps to lower summer
temperatures in the city by
around 4 degrees.

Raising Livability

Green spaces and a


vibrant cultural life are
just two of the factors
attracting people to
Melbourne, Australias
fastest-growing postcode
area.

14urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

He speaks now with pride of the


three state-of-the-art libraries the
city has recently built, fitted with
high-speed Wi-Fi and internet connections open to all. He is also proud
of his campaign to turn concreted and asphalted areas into green
parklands, of the citys development of community centers and creative spaces. Proud, too, of partnering with developers building city
apartment blocks and doing it so that
one-third of the site becomes open
public space and, along the way,
providing affordable housing and
housing for the disabled.
Not all of it has been easy and there
continue to be discussions, negotiations, and even disputes about
what the Lord Mayor and his advisers see as the best long-term course
for Melbourne. But there is progress. We have a wonderful partnership between government, the private sector, and the nonprofit sector,
he says. He speaks with similar pride
of the work being undertaken for the
preservation of the historic Queen
Victoria Market, one of the great city
markets of the world. It is the biggest
city project ever undertaken.
Great attention is given to the effect
of population growth on the livability
of the city. These are large projects
catering for the new population that
is coming into the city, and in doing

that, we are thinking about how to


maintain the lifestyle that is so enviable now and which people love, but
at the same time cope with our rapid
population growth.

Push to the Center


In years past, the successful middle class of Melbourne sought quarter-acre sites with swimming pools
and roomy houses in the suburbs,
some 20 kilometers and more from
the central city. Today, the movement, particularly of well-educated young couples in the knowledge
industries, is toward the city centers new apartment towers close to
Melbournes heart. They like to cycle
or walk to work, and they enjoy the
citys vibrant caf culture, its bistros,
restaurants, theaters, festivals, and
parklands.
Melbourne is the fastest-growing
postcode in Australia, Doyle notes.
Thats largely due to the influx of
knowledge workers who want to live
close to their work. Thats a part of
livability as well; being prosperous. Victoria and outer Melbourne
once held most of Australias manufacturing, but much of that business has gone to China, South Korea,
Taiwan, and other Asian countries.
The Australian automotive industry,
largely centered in Victoria, is shutting down with a loss of more than
50,000jobs in the state.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 15

xxxEnia
voluptas doluptaerum
Melbourne
ne et et des volupic iliquas
repevolorae omnisitatque et et

Melbourne

Siemens in Australia
Siemens Australia established its headquarters in
Melbourne in 1872.
First entered Australia to work on the Darwin-Adelaide
Overland Telegraph line regarded as one of the great
19th-century engineering feats and a milestone in
Australian history.
Siemens is installing building management systems
at the high-tech Melbourne Museum, in the busy city
campus buildings of RMIT University, and in iconic
Melbourne Cricket Ground to make it one of the most
sustainable arenas in the world.
A large number of Melbourne trams and trains are
Siemens-made.
More than 20 percent of Australias energy is supplied
through Siemens technology.
Contributes cutting-edge technology for a wide variety
of industries, including food and beverage, oil and gas,
water, and mining.
A city for people: Thanks to an extensive network of cycle paths, 15 percent
of workers in Melbourne now bike to work.

Reviving the Citys Heart


Public transport and roads are receiving attention, such as the development of extensive bike paths within the city, meaning in some cases
the loss of on-street car parking, to
cater to a rising number of innercity dwellers pedaling to work. Like
London, Melbourne would rather not
have thousands of cars coming in every morning. The pressure on greater Melbournes arterial freeways and
highways is serious, and a subject of
vigorous political debate at the state
level. You start thinking about how
to use infrastructure better, Doyle
says. Today, 15 percent of city workers cycle to work. We closed one lane

16urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

of Princes Bridge (across the Yarra


River near Flinders Street railway station) so cyclists could move across it
in safety.
Melbourne is a city for people, he
says. When we are looking at land
use planning, we want to know how
it will work for people. Will there be
adequate parkland and public transport? Buildings, he believes, should
be human-friendly. Thirty years
ago, the great architect Norman Day
called us the Doughnut City and accused Melbourne of having a dead
heart, says Doyle, adding that the
criticism was justified. In those days,
workers went home to the suburbs
and the central city was lifeless and
empty.
Over the past three decades, we
have tried to get people back into
living in the city center by improving the public realm improving the
amenity, widening footpaths, paving them in bluestone instead of asphalt, providing tables and chairs on
footpaths. We have more street furniture in the center of the city than any
other city in the world, and that encourages people to linger and enjoy.
A kilometer of Swanston Street now

has no private vehicles. Its for public transport, bicycles, and pedestrians. Over the past 30 years, we have
seen a very carefully planned and designed reinvigoration of the center
of the city, and it has worked remarkably well.

Smart Growth
The real challenge, he believes, will
be the next 15 to 20 years. Growth is
nothing to fear as long as it is smart
growth. It is dumb growth you have
to fear, such as building whole suburbs without the infrastructure to
support them, a long way from employment. He speaks of Point Cook,
a fast-growing area with a lovely harbor 27 kilometers west of metropolitan Melbourne. The Grattan
Institute [a Melbourne economic
think-tank] recently discovered that
Point Cook has more induced births
than anywhere else in Australia,
Doyle explains. Why? Because there
is no infrastructure or public transport, and it can take more than an
hour to get to a hospital. So doctors
are making choices with expectant
mothers to induce them as a safety
measure. Thats dumb growth.

Photo: Abigail Varney

When we are losing manufacturing


jobs around our state and in the wider city, we know that in the central
city in the past five years we have created 77,500 new jobs, most of them in
the knowledge economy, says Doyle.
Young professional workers want
affordable housing close to work,
and that has meant a proliferation of
apartment building construction in
the city to house those people who
are part of that new prosperity.

Build the infrastructure first. Make


sure there is employment, and people will come, he says. Very few
cities have the longitudinal data that
we have. We started in 1994, updated our figures in the early 2000s,
and are updating them again now
in 2014. That is a long time to study
how your city changes and make
sure you are headed in the right
direction.
The great meeting place for Melbour
nians and visitors is Federation
Square, a 238,000-square-meter
paved space surrounded by unusual
modernist buildings. These contain
some highly innovative Siemens
technology that has lowered carbon
emissions by 55 percent and decreased overall water use by 26percent. There is also an energy-harvesting pavement that generates energy
from foot traffic, together with a
25-kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation. Storm water is harvested and
filtered, and evaporative misters cool
the area. A biogas plant produces
heat energy from organic food waste
collected from the area, adding to
thetotal of 43 percent reduction in
utility costs.

Thirty years after architect Norman Day called Melbourne the


Doughnut City because of its empty heart, the city center
pulses with activity.

Green Strategies
Another member of the Melbourne
City Council passionate in his pursuit of environmental conservation,
urban sustainability, and resilience
is Arron Wood, chairman of the citys
environmental committee and deputy chairman of its economic development committee.
Just about anywhere you look on
any environmental issue, whether
its water, waste, biodiversity, energy, climate, or adaptation we have a
strategy for it, he says. For example,

we have a total water mark strategy


that uses the city as a catchment and
sets targets for the quality of storm
water and how much non-potable
water we want to capture. At the moment, about 25 percent of our water
is reclaimed or recycled. We want
tokeep on building up that capacity.
In 2007, we looked at developing one
of the countrys first climate adaptation strategies, he recalls. From
that, we developed the open space
strategy, which is all about reintroducing open space into the city; and

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 17

xxxx

Melbourne

then the urban forest strategy, focused on cooling the city by planting a total of 30,000 trees. Over
the past four years, we have planted 12,000trees in the city. Were on
target.
The open spaces the city was creating
allowed it to hold events for residents
and visitors, he says: The urban forest is the glue that sticks everything
together and in the summer, it cools
the city by as much as 4degrees.
Melbourne recently embarked on the
next step of establishing an urban
ecology strategy, Wood notes: We
have the open spaces, we have the
trees, so what do we put among
them? Were looking at promoting
rooftop gardens in the city. We call
the project Growing Green. We did
the research with the University of
Melbourne and distributed that
knowledge to builders and developers. Now were seeing more green
roofs pop up.

Getting around Town


Growth is one aspect of Melbourne
in 2014, but so are amenities, as
Doyle notes: Are there places for
people to linger and just be stationary in a very busy city? The street

Melbournes Smart Grid


iemens smart grid technology helps
S
Citipower, Melbournes electricity distributor, to boost the reliability of the
citys power network and contribute
to Melbournes aim of deriving 25percent of its power from renewable sources by 2018. The technical expertise
that S
iemens brings to this project is
a critical element, says Krista Milne,
Sustainability Manager for the city. On
the one side, we have a very experienced grid operator, and on the other,
we have the city with its bold policy
ambitions. Siemens fits in the middle
ground in terms of bringing technical
knowledge and facilitating an outcome
between those two ambitions. We need
Siemens there to facilitate solutions that
work for both parties.
Federation Square marks the center of a cultural
precinct that features art galleries, a museum,
exhibition spaces, and more as well as cutting-edge
technology for efficient energy use in buildings.

furniture needs to be consistent and


in place. We have widened footpaths
to make it more pleasant for people
to get around. Within the city, 68 percent of journeys are made on foot.
Most ofthe rest are made by tram.
Melbourne has the worlds most extensive tram network 250 kilometers reaching well out into the suburbs. I see us extending that, the
Lord Mayor adds.
Trams are very efficient in moving people over short distances, particularly in the inner city. Our heavy
rail system is a bit more problematic because it has been built radially
to bring people from the outer suburbs to the center. We are going to
have to think about our bus fleet to
complete the movement around and
through the city, but eventually, I believe, we will need an underground
extension to the [rail] route. My preferred option would be what we call
Metro One, which starts in Parkville,
goes through the city, and finishes in
the Domain. We can connect it to the
tram network as well.

The city has got to be a navigable


place,whether you are 8 or 80.
Robert Doyle

Ultimate Sports City


Part of the attraction of Melbourne
isbased on its great sporting venues,
led by the iconic Melbourne Cricket
Ground (MCG), and more recently joined by the Melbourne Tennis
Centre complex and two other major
stadiums. The city has three times
been named the Worlds Ultimate
Sports City because of its facilities, transportation, and hosting
rights for major events such as the
Australian Open Tennis championship, one of only four grand slam
tournaments.
Many of Melbournes best innovations and technologies run in the
background, unseen by the public depending on them. Siemens is
delivering an energy efficiency upgrade program for the MCG that includes state-of-the-art automation in
the form of a new building management system for the iconic 100,000seat MCG connected to their event
management system. This will ensure the stadium becomes intelligent
infrastructure that is sustainable.
The solutions manage and maintain

the equipment and systems that ensure viability of the energy needs for
the MCGs huge lighting towers, as
well as the public amenities sports
fans like to eat: Last year, kiosks at
the MCG served 600,000 bags of hot
chips, 350,000 meat pies, 95,000 jam
doughnuts, 65,000 hamburgers, and
40,000 pizzas. Siemens is also installing new high-efficiency chillers, and upgrading 12,000 lights as
well as optimizing water supply for
the cricket ground. The upgrades will
pay for themselves in seven years
and the result will see utility costs
cut by 20percent, water use cut by
5percent, and CO2-equivalent carbon
emissions cut by 19 percent.
And while we are recording awards:
Melbourne has twice been judged
Most Admired Knowledge City.
Judges assess nominees on knowledge-based development strategies and capabilities; brand and
reputation; social cohesion; regional, national, and international relations; environmental policies;

urban physical infrastructure; public health standards; governance; and


creativity.
The city has got to be a navigable place, whether you are 8 or 80,
Doyle states. You need to be in close
proximity 20 minutes from any
service you require. This is one of
the few cities in the world where
that is true. The city is evolving and
changing. But it is evolving and
changing to meet the needs of the
people who use it, whether that is
for work or recreation or just to visit, he believes. As we make those
changes, we track them and their effect. That is particularly important in
helping us to make the public policy
decisions that we have made and are
making. If you cant measure it, you
cant manageit. p
Garry Barker is a technology editor at The Age
newspaper in Melbourne, and has worked as a
foreign correspondent in more than 50 countries.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 19

Grid Control

Grid Control

Keeping
the Lights

On

Millions of people in 13 US states rely on PJM Interconnection,


the company that directs the operation of North Americas
largest power grid. urbanDNA spoke with PJM President and
Chief Executive Officer TerryBoston about how technology
isimproving the reliability of the grid that powers the economy.
Text: Sameh Fahmy

20urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Photos: Agnes Thor

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 21

Grid Control

Grid Control
Terry Boston, President and
CEO of PJM Interconnection.

erry Boston has seen a tremendous amount of change in his


more than 40-year career in the
energy industry, but one thing remains
constant: There has been a common
thread, and that common thread has
been the reliability of the power grid
and the importance of electricity to
our economy, our homes, and our
lives, he says. Nothing has done
more than electricity to raise our
standard of living.
As Chief Executive Officer and President of PJM Interconnection, Boston
oversees the largest power grid in
North America and the worlds largest electricity market. More than
61million people in 13states and
Washington, D.C. rely on PJM, whose
territory borders New York City,
stretches west toward Chicago, and
extends into the rapidly growing
southeastern USA.
Boston, perhaps one of the most forward-thinking leaders in the energy
business, is leading PJM through
a time of unprecedented change.
Renewable energy resources such as
wind and solar are playing a greater
role in meeting energy needs in the
PJM network. Even more significantly, coal-fired power plants are being
shuttered as new natural gas plants
come online in what Boston has described as the worlds largest and
fastest fuel transition.
Maintaining the security and reliability of the power grid is more important than ever, which is why PJM partnered with S
iemens to create one of
the worlds most advanced grid management systems. The Advanced
Control Center (AC2) features two fully functional primary control centers
located at distant sites that can function independently or jointly to provide uninterrupted grid control in
even the most difficult circumstances. Reliability is paramount, Boston
emphasizes. If the lights arent on,
then nothing we do at PJM matters.

22urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

A Forward-Looking Leader
Boston began his career in 1972 as a
power supply engineer for the largest US public power provider, the
Tennessee Valley Authority. He directed divisions in transmission and
power operations, pricing, contracts,
and electric system reliability before
being named president and CEO of
PJM Interconnection in 2008.
My car, an electric Chevrolet
Volt, has more smarts in terms of
computational ability than the first
computer that I used to control a
20,000-megawatt power system, he
says with a smile. The potential of
technology to make the delivery of
electricity more efficient and reliable
has long fascinated Boston, and he
has been an enthusiastic early adopter of energy-saving technologies in
his personal and professional life.
In 1988, he and his wife built a home
using passive solar design techniques to maximize energy efficiency. One of the homes two sunrooms
has 3.6 tonnes of granite that stores
solar heat, and deciduous trees outside the rooms provide shade in the
summer, but allow sunlight to penetrate in the winter. In addition, the

Nothing has done


more than electricity
to raise our standard
of living.
Terry Boston

Terry Boston
President and CEO, PJM
Interconnection since 2008
President, Association
of Edison Illuminating
Companies, Inc.
Immediate past president
of GO 15, the association of
the worlds largest power
grid operators
Elected to the National
Academy of Engineering
Past chair of the North
American Transmission
Forum

interior walls of the home are insulated so that the couple can heat the
full house when family and guests
are visiting or downsize to a smaller
footprint if they are alone.
At PJM, Boston has his eye toward the
future energy needs of the vast region his company serves. PJM uses a
15-year planning horizon to forecast
energy flows over specific areas of
the grid and takes into account factors such as economic conditions and
public policies, particularly those related to renewable energy mandates
and environmental regulations.
Boston emphasizes that the planning process is data-driven, transparent, and collaborative. States can
request increases in transfer capabilities to support their public policy or
economic development objectives,
for example, and agree to transmission tariffs that fund those improvements. In 2011, the federal government issued an order that, among
other changes, opened the development of new regional transmission
projects to competition, which Boston
says will spur innovation and new solutions to energy challenges.

A Balancing Act
Operating the electric grid involves
balancing three basic elements
generation, transmission, and demand. PJM system operators keep
supply and demand in balance by adjusting the production of generating plants to accommodate changes
in demand, thus ensuring that transmission lines and facilities are not
overloaded.
PJMs Advanced Control Center
(AC2) is as impressive as the region
it serves. Each underground facility
is two floors deep with screens that
reach from a few feet above the floor
to the ceiling and keep track of generating stations, substations, transmission lines, and the other equipment that make up the power grid.
One map shows the total energy that
is flowing within the PJM network
and across its borders, while o
thers
show energy from specific sources
such as wind, nuclear, and coal as
well as weather forecasts and live
camera feeds.
u

The modern design


of PJMs building is
a reflection of the
companys forwardthinking approach to
grid management.

PJM in Numbers
Regional transmission organization for 391,742-km2
area(allor parts of 13 states and Washington, D.C.)
S
 erves a population of 61 million
1 83,604 MW generating capacity
P
 eak demand: 165,492 MW
A
 nnual energy delivery: 794 million MWh
O
 ver 100,000 km of transmission lines
2
 014 billings: about US$50 billion

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 23

Grid Control

Grid Control

Overall, the AC2 has exceeded


our expectations, especially
with the energy management
system and the intelligent
alarm processing.
Terry Boston

From its Advanced Control Center, PJM manages


the largest power grid in North America.

PJMs Advanced Control Center (AC2)

AC

With the

PJM is the only grid operator in North America


and one of the few worldwide to have a
dual-primary control center configuration.

The AC2 employs the Siemens

pectrum
S
Power Energy Management
System (EMS) a swellas Siemens

multisite and multi-mode system synchronization systems.

Its shared architecture platform facilitates integration


with other systems and new technologies to maximize
flexibility and scalability.

24urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Launched in November 2011, the AC

has
aintained the security and stability of the electric grid through
m
record high temperatures, near-record cold, straight-line winds
ofup to 160 kilometers per hour, and a massive hurricane.
2

Photo: PJM

Each site is fully functional


and capable of controlling the
grid either independently or
combined as a single virtual
control center.

The amount of data that is available to the operators can seem overwhelming, but PJM has implemented
intelligent event processing that suggests solutions to disruptions of the
power grid based on operator experience. The system is particularly beneficial for prioritizing actions during
severe weather events, when literally
thousands of disruptions can occur
simultaneously. Its almost like artificial intelligence, Boston says, but
you start with real intelligence.
The AC2 has been tested by several extreme weather events, including Hurricane Sandy in 2012. The
massive storm brought flooding
along the coast, 80-mile-per-hour
(129-kilometer-per-hour) winds, and
ice and blizzard conditions in the
mountains. Local distribution elements were severely damaged by the
storm 142 transmission lines and
substations were knocked out of service but the bulk electric system
remained stable.
Boston notes that the same economy
of scale that in 1927 led two utilities
in the states of Pennsylvania and New
Jersey to form the worlds first power
pool helped PJM mitigate the impacts
of Hurricane Sandy. Well before the
storm hit, PJM worked with its members to schedule additional generation to compensate for plants that the
hurricane had the potential to force

off-line. And even though the storm


took out power lines and other elements, the AC2 enabled PJM to coordinate power supplies and grid operations as members worked feverishly
to repair the damage.
We were never in an unanalyzed
state, even though we had many elements out across the system, Boston
says. I would say, overall the AC2 has
exceeded our expectations, especially
with the energy management system
and the intelligent alarm processing.

Toward a Smarter Grid


In addition to being the worlds most
advanced energy management system, the AC2 also is the most flexible.
It uses a shared architecture platform
to facilitate integration with other
systems and to make it easier to incorporate new technologies. This
flexibility is critical to a company
that is constantly testing and incorporating new technologies in todays
rapidly evolving energy market.
The PJM network now includes more
than 400 syncrophasers, which measure voltage, current, and frequency at specific points in the network
30times each second compared to
the industry standard technology of
once every four seconds. By providing more accurate feedback on grid
performance, the devices enable
operators to anticipate and prevent

problems, improve demand response,


and better integrate intermittent resources such as wind energy.
Pilot projects on the PJM campus
are also exploring ways to improve
management of the inherent intermittency of solar and wind power.
Large arrays of lithium-ion batteries and even water heaters are being used to store energy in response
to signals from the grid. PJM is also
working with car manufacturers to
demonstrate how wholesale electricity pricing signals can be communicated to electric vehicles so that they
can automatically charge themselves
at a given price point.
Managing the energy grid for today and into the future is a remarkably complex endeavor, but a conversation with Boston invariably
returns to the importance of preparation and planning to ensure the reliability that the modern economy demands. Through good planning,
Boston emphasizes, you can reduce
the consumption and cost of energy
substantially. p
Sameh Fahmy is a freelance technology
journalist based in Athens, Georgia, USA.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 25

Vienna:
A Smart City

Yesterday and Tomorrow

In the Austrian capital, old and new ideas for


urban development come together in the
Smart City Wien initiative. Oneof its flagship
projects is the development of the new
intelligent city quarter, aspern Seestadt.

Photo: GettyImages/Chris Steer

Text: Christopher Findlay

Vienna

Vienna

The Wittgenstein
House, built in 1928,
is now the home of
the Bulgarian
Cultural Institute.

n office tower reflected in a


caf window; the venerable
St. Stephens Cathedral juxtaposed with a cool mirrored glass faade across the square: In Vienna,
history and the future are closely interlaced, and the bygone grandeur
of the Habsburg empire is inseparable from a contemporary pioneering
spirit of entrepreneurship and daring new architecture.
For visitors and locals alike, the imperial past of Vienna is inescapable, its
majestic architecture and ample boulevards a palpable reminder of its former glory as the center of the AustroHungarian monarchy. Throughout the
citys history, builders and planners
have shaped the cityscape, as have
wars and other past cataclysms from
the Roman legionaries who founded the fortified camp of Vindobona on
the Danube in the first century BCE
and the imperial architects of the Holy
Roman Empire to the Ottoman armies
that twice besieged, but failed to conquer Vienna in the 16th and 17th centuries, up to the modern city planners
who rebuilt the city after the ravages
of the Second World War.
As Vienna grew and changed over
the centuries, it has always adapted to the changing tides of history; yet one constant throughout has
been the intelligence and inventive
resourcefulness of those who shaped
it. Today, the Austrian capital is a
showcase and test bed for new approaches and solutions that reflect
the determination to combine a high
standard of living with a sustainable
management of space and resources.
Between the imposing historic buildings and Ringstrassen (ring roads),
there has always been enough space
for new concepts in building styles
and city design to flourish.

28urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

A Center of Modernism
The city has brought forth more than
its share of unconventional geniuses in the arts, sciences, and philosophy. Especially in the half-century between the late 19th century and the
outbreak of the Second World War,
Vienna was the center of modernism
and a wellspring of original thinking in music, painting, and literature;
Sigmund Freud discovered psychology, while one of the 20th centurys
most influential philosophers, Ludwig
Wittgenstein, explored the logic of
language.
Many of these avant-garde thinkers
also left their mark on the face of modern Vienna. The artists of the Vienna
Secession shattered the boundaries of
aesthetics and style imposed by a stif
ling historicism; the philosophers father Karl Wittgenstein, a steel magnate and patron of the arts, financed
their architectural manifesto, the art
nouveau Secession Building (1897),
while the sparse Wittgenstein House
(1928) largely designed by his son
Ludwig reflects the parsimonious arguments of the Cambridge philosopher. The Looshaus (1910) opposite the
Hofburg (Imperial Palace), once described as a monstrosity and the
house with no eyebrows because the
windows lacked roofings, is today considered an icon of modernist architecture Emperor Franz Joseph I of
Austria allegedly ordered the windows
facing the abominable Looshaus to
be boarded up and refused to leave
the palace at the gate opposite its location on St. Michaels square.

Aspern: Future Smart Living


Considering this traditional nexus
between the intelligence of Viennas
gifted citizens and the o
rganic
development of the city, it seems

entirely appropriate that the municipal a


dministration and the Austrian
government have chosen the label
Smart City Wien for their initiative to develop the city sustainably
over the coming decades. The government and Viennas city hall have
introduced a number of measures to
promote intelligent solutions at the
systemic level in the interests of fostering a sustainable economy paired
with stable or growing living standards. Vienna already enjoys a reputation as a smart city, according to
several rankings, and was nominated
for the 2014 City Climate Leadership
Awards.
Together with the Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology
(BMVIT), the municipal administration
coordinates initiatives to foster technological and societal innovation and
strengthen Vienna as a business location and a hub of innovation and
research, creating jobs and building
know-how along the way. The ministry
considers the nations capital to be an
ideal stage for demonstrating technologies that make cities smart and livable and Austria intends to expand
its leadership position in this sector.
This includes help with securing funding from research budgets as well as
the development of growth markets
overseas to cement Viennas position
as an intelligent metropolis that can
attract research institutes, scientists,
and other pioneers.
One of the most ambitious parts of
this program is the plan for aspern
Seestadt, a new city quarter that will
ultimately cover an area of 2.4square
kilometers. Situated in the 22nd District
about 7 kilometers outside the city
center and built around an artificial
body of water, the Seestadt (LakeTown)
will offer homes for20,000 residents

as well as 15,000office workplaces


and 5,000jobs in the business, research, and educational sectors. The
aim is to build a multifunctional city
quarter that is neither purely residential nor dedicated to commerce. The
entire project is expected to run for
about two decades, with the first stage
of development currently underway
in the south of Aspern scheduled to
be completed in 2017. The first residents moved in in September 2014.

ASCR: a Research Roadmap

Photos: Claudio Farkasch

As a demonstration project within the


Smart City initiative, the new neighborhood will also serve as a test bed
for a number of innovative solutions
aimed at ensuring maximum quality of life, optimal quality of supply and
infrastructure, and efficient use of energy and other resources. Such a local
response to global problems requires
that new technologies and insights
in the areas of building technology,
energy management, mobility, and

On St. Michaels square, the house with no eyebrows faces


the gates of the Imperial Palace.

i nfrastructure (including the IT backbone) be taken into account.


One part of the Aspern enterprise is
a study of consumer behavior, with
the aim of collecting a data basis that
can inform the development of new
technologies for energy management systems in intelligent buildings as well as low-voltage grid solutions, from distribution networks to
the level of individual buildings and
apartments. The Aspern Smart City
Research (ASCR) group studies the potential for raising energy efficiency

through an integrated approach that


includes building technology, renewable energy sources, electric mobility, storage solutions, and smart grid
solutions. Our focus is on buildings and building complexes as a factor for network stability, says Gerald
Forthuber, the Siemens project leader within the ASCR. His job is to map
out research areas in close cooperation with the other members of the research group. Siemens Austria is the
main shareholder in the consortium,
followed by utilities Wien Energie and

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 29

Vienna

Aspern Seestadt: Viennas Urban Lakeside


Anticipated completion of development: 2028
Area: 240 hectares of mixed-use construction
By 2030, Aspern is to offer 8,500 housing units for 20,000 residents,
with 20,000 workplaces created.
Two underground stations on the U2 line offer direct downtown links.
To get government funding, residential buildings must meet benchmarks for climate-friendliness, affordability, social sustainability, and
architectural diversity, among other criteria.

30urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Brauner. aspern Seestadt offers a


unique opportunity for real-time
observation in a living lab environment. Energy and climate issues are
not only societal challenges, but also
a core driver for research and technology and thus catalysts for future
job creation. The City of Vienna has
been promoting use of renewable
energy and the development of sustainable supply solutions for many
years.

On Top of the Life Cycle Tower


The active fostering of innovation in
smart urban technology is also felt in
other parts of the country, where inventive entrepreneurs stand to gain
funding and other support for their
ideas, many of which make their way
back to Austrias capital for the world
to see. Over 600 kilometers east of
Vienna, Hubert Rhomberg has already made his idea a reality. In fact,
hes sitting in it: His office is on the
top floor of the Life Cycle Tower ONE
(LCT ONE), overlooking the q
uiet
town of Dornbirn on the shores of
Lake Constance, with a splendid
view of snowy Alpine peaks rising up
against a blue morning sky.
The idea was a simple one: to reintroduce wood as a key element in building construction, even for multi-story buildings. For the director of the
Rhomberg Holding, theres nothing old-fashioned about timber. The
LCT ONE itself is also a hybrid wood
construction. Compact and eight
floors (27meters) high, it is a proof
of concept for a new approach to construction. Almost like with a Lego set,
various modular timber elements
have been assembled to produce a
sleek, elegant construction. On the
interior, wooden beams and panels
exude warmth and a pleasant scent.
When a stranger asks me about my
profession, I tell them I work in carbon
storage technology, says Rhomberg.
What could be simpler than for CO2
to be converted into biomass, and
then to use that material for building? He rattles off a few numbers
that make a convincing case for a revolution in the construction business:
Construction accounts for 40 percent of all r esource consumption on

this p
lanet,and causes 60 percent
of all haulage on our roads. And the
global c onstruction industry is also
disproportionately responsible for
energy consumption and CO2 emissions worldwide. On the other hand,
ifmore timber was used in construction, that would create an incentive
for cultivating large forests, which in
turn would stave off soil erosion, foster biodiversity, and enhance the quality of life of humans and wildlife alike.

A Building with a Wooden


Heart
Photos: Rhomberg Group Press

then be fed to the ASCR analysts. The


first full data set for an entire year will
yield interesting results on energy
consumption with the changing of the
seasons, Forthuber believes.
He is acutely aware of privacy concerns, but certain incentives, such as
free iPads with preinstalled apps for
monitoring energy usage or cheaper power, are being considered for
the private residents in exchange for
their usage data, together with information campaigns explaining how
consumer behavior and network stability can be aligned in the best possible way. Our collaboration with
the city authorities and with the cityowned utilities is very good, he
concludes.
The feeling is mutual: I am very
proud of the Aspern Smart City
Research project, a cooperative study
iemens
between Wien Energie and S
that is one of its kind in Europe,
says Viennas Deputy Mayor Renate

aspern Seestadt model: Aspern Seestadt Press

Wiener N
etze, the Vienna Business
Agency, and the development company Wien 3420.
Ideally, intelligent buildings should
be able to generate a profit through
the energy distribution system and
participate in the power market, says
Forthuber. Among the participants of
what he calls the living lab will be a
school and kindergarten sporting an
photovoltaic (PV) array with storage
capacity; a student dorm with a different configuration of PV and a battery; and a residential building with
220 apartments, each of which has its
own configuration. Once the buildings
have been completed in the summer
of 2015, sensors installed in distribution transformers will collect statistics on power, voltage, and other metrics, while the behavior of the smart
building and its interaction with the
grid will be monitored in terms of
temperature, humidity, hot water consumption, lighting, etc. The data will

In the past 150 years, in most parts


ofthe world, wood has been almost
completely replaced by concrete and
steel. Only now have advances in
engineering made it possible to use
prefabricated wooden elements in
heavy-duty structures with a precision
tolerance in the millimeter range. But
its not just the lower energetic footprint of the building that has brought

LCT ONE
The Life Cycle concept, introduced by Rhomberg Group subsidiary CREE, is a model
for the planning, building, operating, and dismantling of modular building systems
that use sustainable materials and efficient construction techniques. The LCT ONE
in Dornbirn, Austria was built around a hybrid wood construction. It is 27 meters
and eight floors high, and was set up in just eight days by five builders. Compact,
organic, and composed of prefabricated segments, LCT ONE is a proof of concept
for a flexible platform that can be exported worldwide and adapted to local conditions. Both the modular elements and the building process itself are imbued with
intelligence, says Hubert Rhomberg, director of the Rhomberg Holding. He hopes
that the Life Cycle approach to construction will be taken up by innovators around
the globe. Using locally sourced wood instead of steel and concrete is a contribution
to climate protection. Or as Rhomberg puts it: We build CO2 storage devices and
well throw in a new office for free!

thousands of visitors to the LCT ONE:


The hybrid structure weighs only
halfas much as a comparable conventional building, which means that
thefoundations can be adapted to
thesmaller load, while the distance

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 31

Vienna

between supports can be increased


accordingly; separator walls can be
placed or removed as required, both
during the planning phase and afterwards, offering flexibility without the
need to change the structure of the
building.
It took five workers just eight days to
assemble the whole LCT ONE on location. Visitors came from as far
away as China and Canada to observe
whether our modular assembly idea
was feasible, says Rhomberg. He
isnt interested in a legacy of having
built a few green buildings or iconic architecture: I want the concept to
spread around the world and to lower
the threshold for access to this technology. The Rhomberg Group and its
subsidiary, CREE, which markets the
LCT concept, are also supported by
the BMVIT, which fosters innovation
in building technology as part of the
House of the Future initiative.
In the old days, this site used to house
several large textile mills, which were
the backbone of the local industry in
the state of Vorarlberg, Rhomberg
notes, pointing out of the window of

Vienna

his spacious office. They couldnt


survive in a globalized economy. Our
own success is due to the fact that
we are constantly changing, inventing, and adapting. Rhomberg is convinced that with a combination of innovation and business acumen, his
own company will prevail. This region is quite conservative. The state
government of Vorarlberg is the only
one in Austria to do without incurring
new debt, and people uphold values
such as modesty, frugality, and entrepreneurial spirit, he notes, adding:
If you cant allow mistakes, you cant
innovate. Maybe this adventurous
spirit is the reason why Vorarlberg is
a hotbed of invention and the national
leader in filing new patents.

Consolidating Intelligence
Vienna may be far away, but Rhom
bergs thoughts turn again to Aspern.
As a test bed for intelligent technology, the new city quarter would be
the ideal showcase for the Life Cycle
Tower concept. His dream is to build
a larger version of the LCT ONE, nearly quadruple its size, that would

Both the
LCTONEs
elements and
thebuilding
process itself
areimbued
with intelligence.
Hubert Rhomberg, Director, Rhomberg Holding

Hubert Rhomberg, Director of the Rhomberg Holding: When a stranger asks me about my
profession, I tell them I work in carbon storage technology.

Photos: Detlef Schneider

Wood as building material


makes for resource- and
energy-efficient, fast, and
affordable construction.

32urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

take into a
ccount the latest cuttingedge solutions for mobility, efficiency, smart grids, building technology,
and control systems. A 100-metertall lighthouse project now that
would really get peoples attention,
he laughs. Vienna has always been
open to new ideas and lateral thinking. And the ambitious plans for
Aspern will substantiate its claim to
be a smart city.
Back at his office in the capital, Gerald
Forthuber has a similar vision of integrated solutions that could emerge
from the work of the ASCR group.
For over a year, mixed project teams
have been setting out the research
parameters for smart grid, smart

building, and smart IT technology. The work of ASCR intersects with


the governments long-term planning for strategic grid expansion.
The research consortium has submitted part of its project for consideration by a state funding authority.
We are pleased to note that Aspern
is attracting international attention.
It not only showcases our ambitions
for urban development, but also
promotes Vienna as an international
business location. The whole city
isworking hard to help international and Austrian companies and organizations benefit from Aspern as a
center for research and innovation,
says Deputy Mayor Brauner.

No doubt, many of the innovators


and thinkers who helped to build
and shape Vienna over the centuries
would be astonished to see the latest
additions of infrastructure, architecture, and even entire new city quarters. But if any ghosts of past urban
planners should decide to haunt the
new Lake Town of Aspern, they can
rest assured that their legacy is safe
in the hands of modern-day pioneers
who are working hard to ensure that
the Smart City of Vienna continues
to live up to its reputation. p
Christopher Findlay is the Deputy Chief Editor
of urbanDNA magazine.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 33

ICLEI

xxxxxx

One City Can Make


a Big Difference
Secretary General Gino Van Begin is the
head of ICLEI, the worlds largest
international association of local and
metropolitan governments dedicated to
sustainable development. urbanDNA met
with him at his office in Bonn, Germany.
Text: Rhea Wessel

Photos: Johanna Ruebel

ased in Bonn, ICLEI Local


overnments for Sustainability
G
operates roughly 130 projects
ayear in seven project areas that,
taken together, help a city become
sustainable: the low-carbon city, the
resilient city, biodiversity, the resource-efficient city, the green local
economy, happy and healthy communities, and smart urban infrastructure. As an independent, nonprofit
organization, ICLEI is based on the
idea that voluntary, local initiatives
designed and driven by communities
can provide an effective and cost-efficient way to achieve local, national,
and global sustainability objectives.
ICLEI recently signed a Memorandum
of Understanding (MoU) with Siemens
to advance sustainable infrastructure
solutions in cities worldwide.

34urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Why is sustainability important


to you?
Gino Van Begin: I became interested in sustainability at a very early
stage. I was lucky to grow up in a residential area just outside of Brussels,
close to the forest. But more than my
contact to nature, it was my contact
to children from many different nationalities whose parents worked
at international organizations that
shaped my thinking. I began to look
at the environment not from a certain locality but from a global perspective, and I think that is what definitely shaped me.
I was studying law in Brussels in 1987
when the European Union received
the first mandate for environmental
legislation. I was very pleased to help
start drafting European environmental law, such as legislation about hazardous waste.
After the fall of the Berlin Wall and
the collapse of the Soviet Union, I had
the chance to support countries in the
Commonwealth of Independent States
in building environmental competences. I went to Russia and worked
for seven years in St. Petersburg and
Kaliningrad.
I was part of a project in which we
advised on how to best use European
funding for environmental projects

Supporting local
governments:
Secretary General
Gino Van Begin
outside the ICLEI
headquarters in
Bonn, Germany.

ICLEI

ICLEI

and how to implement those projects. For example, many industries


in or around St. Petersburg were discharging their emissions directly
into the Neva River. The environmental department there wanted to contain that pollution, and we provided
technical and administrative support. We also helped St. Petersburg
dispose of oily wastewater after bus
washes.

How does your work in Russia


compare to what you do today?

We help decisionmakers to


understand the needs of the
city and to solve them with
holistic strategies.
Gino Van Begin, ICLEI Secretary General

G. Van Begin: The projects in St.


Petersburg consisted of engineering
and technical support. At ICLEI, we
advise on policy. We help city councils and mayors or governors to understand the needs of the city and to
solve them with holistic strategies
and integrated approaches. Lets say
you need energy in your city. Butyou
also need to reduce poverty and
waste. We will work with your city to
use waste to produce energy.
We also connect leaders, b
ringing
them together to share experiences
about concrete projects, and we represent cities at international organizations.
When I started at ICLEI, we had seven
offices. Now we have 17 offices and
280 staff members. We raise all of
our funds ourselves. More than 1,000
cities pay a membership fee, but that
income stream only accounts for
about 8 percent of our total budget.
Weve got to find funding for the
other 92percent.

t rouble. This planet is not headed


down a good path. Yes, we must remain p
ositive and optimistic, but our
problems are very urgent.

So many people have tried so


many approaches. Why are you
optimistic?
G. Van Begin: I am inspired by global action that can be taken at a local
level. My experience with projects at
ICLEI has shown me that we really
can impact behavior. For example, at
our World Congress in 2009 in Cape
Town, we launched a project for local
action for biodiversity. Interested cities pulled together, and ICLEI helped
them define action plans for biodiversity to help fight climate change.
About 30 cities now have a plan.
Another project was focused on revitalizing a neighborhood and reducing traffic in a residential area
in Korea not for one day, but really changing habits for one month.
Well be presenting this project at
our next conference, which happens to be in Seoul in 2015. The project targeted a neighborhood in the
old part of Suwon, Korea, featuring a castle, winding streets, and a
city wall. About 4,000 people live
there. Residents agreed to park their
cars outside the city quarter for one
month and only move about using
non-motorized modes of transportation. In return, the mayor promised
to plant trees and repair streets.
One thing was clear: All the
young people especially the

I am inspired by global action that


can be taken at a local level. My
experience with projects at ICLEI
has shown me that we really can
impact behavior.
Gino Van Begin

children took ownership of the


streets. The community flourished
in amazing ways. During the month,
the mayor moved his office to the
area and NGOs were able to present
various projects. The project ended with citizens voting to keep certain roads free of traffic for the long
term. It was really a participatory
approach, and the mayor got reelected. We are now discussing with
Johannesburg how to do something
similar.

Can you tell us about the Memorandum of Understanding


with Siemens?
G. Van Begin: I wanted to sign an
MoU with Siemens because whats
changing cities is changing business.
For instance, any company that provides drinking water with long-term
contracts is affected by developments

such as climate change, rapid urbanization, and an increased demand


for energy for a larger global middle class. More and more people understandably want to have a car and
a fridge and clean drinking water.
Companies will need to do more than
think of their investment as a business. They must keep the entire picture in mind.
One contribution we make is the fact
that the Montreals of this world are
speaking to the Cape Towns and explaining their strategies while the
Shanghais are listening. This is
changing the way business is done.
My goal with the MoU is to have a
regular dialog with Siemens on an
established platform so we can share
ideas on metropolitan solutions. We
also envisage concrete pilot projects that address global warming
through mitigation or adaptation.

With whom do you work within


local governments?
G. Van Begin: In the 1990s, ICLEI often worked with the city heads of environmental departments. Then we
saw a shift in the first decade of the
2000s. Increasingly, our contacts
were mayors or deputy mayors for
energy, the economy, or the environment. Today, sustainability has become a mainstream agenda, and city
managers and mayors top-level decisionmakers are the ones making sure sustainability is part of their
program. A lot has changed now
that sustainability is seen as a valuable pursuit. But we are not out of

36urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

ICLEI and S
iemens: Partners for Sustainable Mobility
Many cities pursue policies aimed at shaping urban environments with good air quality and an enhanced quality of life.
With the number of commuters set to rise by 40 percent by
2030, sustainable mobility is a means of meeting these policy
objectives, and as such forms the focus for a new partnership
between ICLEI and Siemens. The partnership combines
technical and policy expertise to support this move toward
sustainable urban living.
Pioneer cities such as Copenhagen and Singapore are taking
the lead in implementing sustainable mobility in their cities.

With this partnership, ICLEI and Siemens want to make sure


that sustainable mobility solutions become available to other
towns and cities within their specific local context through
the offering of tailor-made approaches.
Sustainable mobility is embedded within the complexity of
a city, where all stakeholders have a role to play. By joining
forces, ICLEI and Siemens seek to work with cities to harness
the interaction between these different stakeholders, to
develop supportive framework conditions, and to advise on
technological solutions.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 37

Hard Hats

How important is technology


inmetropolitan solutions?
G. Van Begin: Technology is absolutely essential. But I get the impression that cities dont want to hear
companies talk about their technical solutions anymore. Problems are
no longer singular. Theyre multifaceted. The mayor of Dar-es-Salaam,
for instance, was reelected on his record of building infrastructure such
as hospitals and roads. But the population there may have tripled during the time he was in office. So even
with new roads, the city is still just as
congested. It is my aim to see companies anticipate these trends and offer not just technology but solutions,
and even capacity-building. In the
end, cities are demanding industry
best practices.

the creative part anymore. The innovation is in taking it one step further,
as Copenhagen did, and working with
employers to change behavior. Ive
also seen great ideas in urban agriculture that cut down on food transportation, such as seafood farming
inlarge vertical basins in a building.

What keeps you up at night,


Mr.Van Begin?
G. Van Begin: When I look at the
map, I see that some cities just wont
exist anymore as the global temperature rises, glaciers melt, and sea levels rise. Some cities will sink underwater. This requires a whole new way
of thinking and planning. Imagine
that we had to relocate Bonn to another place. How do you plan and execute that?

Creativity is surely a big part


ofit.

Which areas will be affected


first?

G. Van Begin: Definitely. For mobility, one good idea Ive seen is to
use cable cars as mass transit for
informal settlements. In Bogot,
Colombia, for instance, people live
in the hills, and these people need to
get to the city. In Copenhagen, one
out of two commuters cycles to work.
Since the cycling paths are congested, Copenhagen is trying to get employers to allow people to work at different times and to provide showers
at work. To build a cycling path is not

G. Van Begin: The small islands of


this world and low-lying countries
like Bangladesh. First comes flooding, then problems with drinking water. And on it goes. Theres also the
problem of the build-up and release
of methane gas from thawing permafrost in the Arctic. That is very dangerous; if the methane is released, it
will be as if we had done nothing at
all about global warming.
Cities are trying to get a head start,
particularly by creating a green

38urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Siemens at Work

These are situations no one


wants to face.

Cities are permanently under construction. S


iemens is involved in a broad range of
projects worldwide. The following pages illustrate the technological and geographical
scope of the Siemens portfolio, which is as diverse as the cities it serves.

G. Van Begin: Thats right, but those


scenarios are not science fiction.
Theres no time to waste. In developing countries and emerging economies, its incredible to see how fast
cities grow. Today, some 3.5billion
people live in urban areas. Thats half
of the world population. Theyll be
having children, so another 3.5billion people will join our cities in the
next 40 years. And theyll live longer.
That means we have 40 years to provide the same amount of water, energy, electricity, houses, jobs, infrastructure, etc. over again, in addition
to what we already have today, for
these 3.5 billion new people. We have
40 years to do what took us almost
4,000 years to achieve. p

Narvik
page 44

Hamburg
page 41
Eisenhttenstadt
Dsseldorf
page 46

page 43

Vienna
page 40, 44

Rhea Wessel is a freelance writer based in


Frankfurt, Germany. Her work has appeared in
The New York Times and the Wall Street J ournal.

San
Francisco Jacksonville
page 45
page 41

Hong Kong
page 47

Kuwait City
page 42

About ICLEI
Founded in 1990 at summit of
200local governments from
43countries
Worlds leading network of over
1,000 cities and towns committed
to building a sustainable future
Helps to make cities sustainable,
low-carbon, resilient, and livable
Focus on the green economy and
smart infrastructure
Next World Congress in Seoul
from 8 to 12 April 2015 for mayors,
local governments, NGOs, and
others

Buenos
Aires
Illustration: Kelli Anderson

Small Pacific
islands and
low-lying
countries like
Bangladesh
will be among
the first
affected by
rising global
temperatures.

Hard Hats

infrastructure. Some cities will need


more trees to provide shade when
temperatures rise. This is a much
better alternative to air-conditioning. Others will need to deal with
flooding, perhaps by building water
squares, which are plazas that can be
used for collecting heavy runoff.

page 43

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 39

Hard Hats

Hard Hats

Financing for European Locomotive Leasing

Iconic New Public Transportation


forSan Francisco

Facts: 8-year 140.5 million asset-based Senior Term Loan Financing | Up to 50 Vectron locomotives | Max. output rating 6,400 kWh | Top speed 200 km/h

Facts: Order volume US$648 million | 175 light rail cars | Option for 85 additional cars |
Currently 700,000 passengers on weekdays

European Locomotive Leasing (ELL)


is a provider of full-service locomotive leasing solutions to freight and
passenger operators throughout
continental Europe. With rail traffic
liberalization across the continent
and the growing prominence of private rail operators more likely to favor leasing over owning locomotives,
the locomotive leasing sector benefits from highly attractive market dynamics. The business outlook is set
on expansion which is why ELL
signed a framework agreement for
up to 50 Vectron locomotives from
Siemens, with financing secured inter alia by S
iemens Financial Services
(SFS) via Siemens Bank (SBA).
Christoph Katzensteiner, founder
and CEO of ELL, says: The versatile
Vectron locomotives are particularly
well suited to the European market
and are proving to be very popular
with our lessees. In particular, we are
pleased about their built-in

European Train Control System


(ETCS), which allows seamless domestic and cross-border traffic. Several consignments of Vectron locomotives have already been ordered,
and the first locomotives went operational for ELL customers in July 2014.
Additional locomotives will be delivered until 2016, allowing ELL to satisfy the demand from its expanding
customer base. The order is for AC locomotives and for multisystem locomotives. The AC units are intended
for border-crossing traffic in Austria,
Germany, and Hungary. In addition,
the multisystem units can be deployed in border-crossing traffic in
Poland, the Czech Republic, and the
Slovak Republic.
Locomotive leasing is a capital-intensive business. ELL at that point still
in a dynamic start-up phase envisaged an extremely short time frame
to close the deal, especially for any
loan provider to make itself

comfortable with the underlying asset values and challenges of the entire business model. This is where
Siemens in-house financial expertise came into play. The substantial
order was made possible through an
eight-year asset-based Senior Term
Loan Financing over 140.5 million
set up by SBA and based on dedicated SFS expertise of managing and
evaluating rolling stock assets. The
loan is mutually provided by SBA and
DVB Bank SE. But there is additional
substantial backing to set ELL on the
right track: The equity sponsor is
global investment firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, which provides resources from its established infrastructure
funds together with ELL management to finance all up-front and
start-up costs, as well as an agreed
percentage of all equipment costs including spare parts and initial funding of reserve accounts.

By using onshore power rather than the ships diesel


engines, port cities can massively reduce emissions.

Cleaner Port Call at Hamburg Cruise


Terminal
Facts: Order volume of approx. 8.5 million | SIHARBOR power supply with 12-MVA
capacity | Suitable for 50- and 60-Hz frequencies and all voltage levels

The versatile Vectron locomotives are particularly well suited to the European market and
are proving to be very p
opular
with our lessees.

40urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Photos: Siemens AG

ELLs new border-crossing state-of-the-art Vectron locomotives.

Illustration: Siemens AG

Christoph Katzensteiner, CEO, European Locomotive Leasing

One of the main causes of local air pollution in ports are


the exhaust emissions of the diesel engines that moored
ships use to generate electricity. Over a period of about
eight hours, a berthed cruise ship (12 megavolt-amperes)
generates as much NOx emission as 10,000 cars (i.e., 1.2
tonnes) and as much particulate matter as 6,000 cars
(i.e., 30 kilograms) would in approximately the same period. No wonder that reducing emissions is a strong concern in port cities around the world.
For more than ten years now, the European Commission
has recommended, through regulations, incentives, and
access facilitation, that port authorities provide ways for
ships to use onshore power sources during lay days in
port and thus avoid diesel engines polluting the harbors and the surrounding areas.
Hamburg has now taken the appropriate measures to cut
down on emissions from cruise ships: The Hamburg Port
Authority has commissioned Siemens as a general contractor to build a turnkey onshore power supply at the
Hamburg Altona cruise terminal. The system will supply
electricity to cruise ships of all common sizes and electrical system designs, allowing them to turn off their own
diesel generators during their lay days. Not only does
this result in cleaner air, it also reduces noise and vibrations in the port area.
Upon commissioning in spring of 2015, it will become the
first European onshore power supply system of this type.
It has a capacity of 12 megavolt-amperes and works with a
patented mobile robot arm designed specifically for the
tidal range. The heart of the system is a frequency converter with control software that adjusts the frequency of
the local distribution grid to the ships electrical system.
The scope of supply for Siemens also includes the medium- and low-voltage switchgear, the transformers, the
fire safety system, and the terminal buildings air-conditioning and ventilation system.

San Franciscos public transit is one of its prime tourist


attractions. The famed cable cars and historic streetcars rattling down the steep
streets are a must for every visitor to the Bay Area.
Light rail trains and electric as well as hybrid buses complement the citys
comprehensive transportation network, operated by
the San Francisco Municipal
Railway (Muni), making it
one of the most environmentally friendly cities in
the USA. Now, San Francisco
is gearing up for a comprehensive modernization of
its urban transport fleet
and plans to provide energy-saving, modern light rail
trains to transport the citys
more than 700,000 daily
weekday passengers.
San Franciscos Municipal
Transportation Agency
(SFMTA) has awarded
Siemens a contract to deliver an initial consignment
of175 light rail cars for its
Muni transit system at a

value of US$648 million.


With an option for an additional 85 cars, this is one of
the biggest orders for light
rail cars ever placed in the
USA. S
iemens will deliver a
newly developed light rail
car based on its ModelS200.
The car is especially energyefficient thanks to a lightweight drive system that recuperates braking energy
and an LED lighting system
that uses up to 40percent
less electricity than standard neon lighting.
The trains will be built at
the Siemens plant in Sacra
mento, California, and the
first cars will be delivered
at the end of 2016. This order marks a milestone for
Siemens in the history of our
US business. With our rail
vehicles made in the USA,
were already the leading
provider and have delivered
more than 1,300 streetcars
and light rail cars in 17 cities across North America to
date, says Jochen Eickholt,
CEO of Siemens Mobility.

Three of the designs proposed by S


iemens one of which
will be chosen by the SFMTA following public input.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 41

Hard Hats

Hard Hats

Upgrade for Latin Americas Oldest Subway System

World-Leading Fire Safety for


Kuwaits New Landmark

Facts: Order volume of 32.9 million | 340,000 passengers/day on Line C | Trainguard MT train control system

Thousands of people visit the Al Hamra Business


Tower each day. Kuwaits tallest building comprises
office space, a luxury shopping center, and a
theater; the sky lounge on the top floors offers
stunning views of the Arabian Gulf.
While its height makes the multipurpose building
attractive to visitors, it also poses a challenge for
fire protection: Each environment from restaurant
kitchens to offices to server rooms needs a dedicated solution.
Siemens installed the advanced fire protection
and emergency system FireFinder XLSV, incorporating the latest voice evacuation technology for
intelligible, undistorted voice messages to guide
people calmly out of the building in case ofan
emergency.

5-floor retail mall with

11-floor car park


23,000 m2 of retail space

meters high

transmission will make use of the Siemens Airlink solution. Sicas electronic interlockings are being installed for
safe setting of the train routes. The signaling technology
will be directed and monitored via the operations control
center in Constitucin, the southern terminus station of
Line C.

The six lines of Buenos Aires subte run for 53 kilometers


with 83 stations.

Siestorage Safeguards Steel Mill Operation


Facts: Power rating 2.8 MVA | Capacity 720 kWh

98,000 m2 of commercial space


Photo: GUY Christian/hemis.fr/laif

on 62 office floors

Photo: SOM

414

Mass public transport has a long tradition in Buenos Aires.


The metro system known as subte, short for Subterrneos
de Buenos Aires opened its first section on December 1,
1913, making it Latin Americas oldest subway system. Today,
it boasts a network of six lines with a total route length of
53 kilometers and 83 stations, providing transportation for
12.7 million residents as well as visitors in the larger metropolitan area of the Argentinian capital.
Siemens has in recent years contributed solutions for new
segments of the subte network e.g., signaling technology, power supply systems, and communication-based train
control technology (CBTC) for the new Line H in 2007 and
2012 and has now won a contract to upgrade Line C, which
originally dates from 1934. Running 4.3 kilometers from
Retiro to Constitucin, Line C connects the north and the
south of the city, and carries up to 340,000 passengers every
day. As this is one of Buenos Aires busiest lines, the upgrade will take place without interruption of normal service.
Commissioning is planned for the end of 2016.
In order to optimize punctuality and headway and improve safety, Siemens will install its Trainguard MT train
control system on Line C. Based on the line data, the automated system calculates exactly how and where a train has
to accelerate and brake to arrive punctually at the next station. Automatic train monitoring will be handled by the
Controlguide Vicos operations control system, while radio

Eisenhttenstadt is a special German town.


Built in the 1950s in East Germany as a planned
city for the workers of the ironworks industry
close to the Polish border, its name actually
translates as Ironworks City. Accordingly, the
towns largest employer still is the steel mill.
ArcelorMittal Eisenhttenstadt GmbH (AMEH)
operates the largest integrated steel and rolling mill in eastern Germany at this location,
with a closed metallurgical cycle comprising
ironworks, a converter steel mill, a hot rolling
mill, and a cold rolling mill, as well as various
galvanizing and finishing plants.
Vulkan Energiewirtschaft Oderbrcke GmbH
(VEO) is responsible for the operation and
maintenance of all electrical networks in the
industrial area of Eisenhttenstadt. In order to

keep the critical production processes at the


AMEH steel mill running in the event of a
blackout at the local 110-kilovolt distribution
grid, and thus prevent follow-up damage
which could potentially cost millions VEO has
a backup plan in place: an island network that
involves the Siemens battery storage system
Siestorage.
Based on lithium-ion batteries, the main function of the Siestorage energy storage system
consists of being able to start a gas turbine
through a starting motor at any time from the
de-energized state and without feeding in power from the public grid. The blast furnace gasfired power plant will then supply the steel mill
with electricity and heat.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 43

Hard Hats

Hard Hats

Automation for Iron Ore Trans


shipment Rail Station
Facts: MK2 interlocking | Rail 9000 operations control system | ACM 200 axle
counting systems

Facts: 5 years project duration | Test tram in regular service: 10 months |


4,200kWhenergy saved

In 2009, Viennese tram operator Wiener Linien started a research project together with its partners Rail Tec Arsenal,
SCHIG mbh, Siemens, Technical University Vienna, and
Vossloh Kiepe, and supported by the Austrian Research
Foundations Climate and Energy Fund to find out how
smart technology could reduce energy consumption for
heating, cooling, and air-conditioning in its tramways.
The first phase of this project involved collecting data from
one of the conventional Siemens ultralow floor (ULF)
trams, which have been in service for Wiener Linien since
1998, in a climatic wind tunnel as well as in regular line service. Subsequently, a custom-made ULF test tram the
EcoTram was fitted with a wide range of energy-saving
features such as a cooling and heating system with predictive control, CO2 sensors tracking how many passengers
are on board to ensure an optimal supply of fresh air, a
multistage cooling system, and special sunlight-inhibiting
window foils. The heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning system (HVAC) with a heat pump makes use of the ambient temperature for energy-efficient heating and cooling the first time this technology has been installed in a
tram.
After further testing in the climatic wind tunnel, the
EcoTram was deployed in passenger service on Line 62,
which connects the world-famous Opera with Lainz, in the
west of Vienna. Gnter Steinbauer, General Manager of
Wiener Linien, is enthusiastic about the successful completion of the research project: In the past five years, weve
been able to gain valuable insights into the energy-saving
potential of trams, and also to test new technologies in regular line service.
The result: During the ten-month test period, the EcoTram
saved more than 13 percent up to 4,200 kilowatt-hours of
energy on heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning,
compared to the data initially collected from the conventional tram. This roughly equals the energy consumed annually by an average household in Austria. In the future,
Wiener Linien is looking to capitalize on the scientifically
proven energy-saving potential.

44urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Automated shunting and loading helps LKAB raise its annual


iron ore production.

The eMeter EnergyIP MDMS allows utility JEA to gain maximum benefit
from its two-way meters.

Smart Savings for Community-Owned Utility


Facts: 65,000 two-way meters (and counting) | eMeter EnergyIP MDMS

Illustrations: Kelli Anderson

Viennas EcoTram Research


Completed

LKAB contracted S
iemens to
equip the transshipment
railroad station in Narvik
with state-of-the-art signaling and instrumentation and
control technology. The
automation of shunting processes and the optimization
of loading and unloading
processes at Narvik station
constitute an important
milestone in LKABs modernization road map to expand
annual production to 35 million tonnes of ore.
Siemens is supplying the
MK2 interlocking, the Rail
9000 operations control
system, type ACM 200 axle
counting systems, a container
for the indoor systems, a diesel emergency power unit,
shunting signals, and derailers. Due to the arctic weather
in the region, installation of
the equipment will take
place in 2015 as soon as outside conditions permit in
the short summer period
when temperatures might
rise to daytime average temperatures of 18 degrees.

Photo: Siemens AG

The EcoTram in passenger service.

Narvik on the north coast of


Norway lies 220 kilometers
north of the Arctic Circle.
One of the most northerly
towns in the world, its mean
annual temperature is
3.8degrees. However, due
to the North Atlantic Current, an extension of the
Gulf Stream, its port remains ice-free all year
round, and the surrounding
mountains protect it from
the icy coastal winds. It is a
key harbor facility for the
transportation of iron ore
from the Swedish town of
Kiruna, only 180 kilometers
away.
In Kiruna, Swedish mining
company Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara Aktiebolag
(LKAB) operates the worlds
largest iron ore mine. The
Kiruna line has been operating since 1903, initially
with steam locomotives, later changing to electric locomotives. Nowadays, each
freight train consists of 68
wagons, each wagon hauling 100 tonnes of ore.

JEA is a community-owned, nonprofit utility based in Jacksonville, Florida,


serving an estimated 427,000 electric, 313,000 water, and 240,000 s ewer
customers. In2009, the utility was awarded a US$13 million Smart Grid
Investment Grant by the US Department of Energy with the utility contributing matching funds to invest in advanced metering infrastructure.
Nowequipped with two-way meters, JEA was able to avoid monthly meter
reads in the field, resulting in immediate expenditure savings.
Extracting further value from the installed infrastructure, however, depended on the right meter data management system (MDMS) to support the
desired functionalities. Brian Novak, JEA Program Manager for Advanced
Metering Systems, says it was a matter of getting value out of the [installed]
system or just getting one meter read a month and not realizing the benefits
of this incredibly large investment.
JEA selected S
iemens eMeter EnergyIP platform as its MDMS because it is
technology-agnostic, with flexible architecture to address both electric and
water resources. Its standard adapters interface seamlessly with various data
collection systems, transforming the data into a common format. Hence,
EnergyIP now serves as the focal point for all of JEAs systems.
The EnergyIP MDMS has enabled the utility to remotely connect or disconnect customers at any time, improve the timeliness and reliability of electricity usage data for customers, decrease time spent assessing loads on the system, better identify assets that may need replacement, and better understand
where and when new infrastructure assets need to be built. The remote connect-disconnect functionality alone has allowed JEA to avoid 130,000 truck
rolls, which resulted in US$1.6 million in savings in the last year and a half.
For Brian Novak, this is just the start. Weve only tapped into a small portion
of what were capable of, Novak says. Were going to take all these systems
to the next level.

Were going to
take all these
systems to the
next level.
Brian Novak
JEA Program Manager for Advanced
Metering Systems

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 45

Hard Hats

Hard Hats

Virtual Power Plant Boosts Utilities Business


Facts: Cloud-based IT solution based on DEMS energy management system

iemens is supplying North Rhine-WestphaliaS


based energy services provider Mark-E with a
hosted, cloud-based IT solution for a virtual
power plant. The infrastructure is delivered and
operated by Omnetric GmbH, a joint venture of
Siemens and Accenture. The solution is based
on Siemens proven energy management system DEMS, which includes communications interfaces for the distributed energy resources,
supply forecasts, and aggregation mechanisms.
Virtual power plants play an important role in

Germanys sustainable energy supply, which increasingly relies on decentralized generation.


But distributed energy resources can only participate in energy and balancing power markets
if they are grouped together. The cloud-based
solution enables smaller utilities to operate
their own virtual power plants and thus reach
the critical size to participate in the energy market with only a minimal investment by using
Siemens technology and collaborating with
Mark-E as their market partner.

The new building in Kowloon Bay not only has zero net energy consumption, but actually feeds green energy into the grid.

Decentralized Energy Management System

Hong Kongs Zero-Carbon Construction

46urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Photo: Balfour Beatty

With the cloud-based DEMS system, smaller power plants can be combined into a single virtual
entity, achieving the critical mass required to take part in the energy market.

Illustration: Kelli Anderson

Facts: 1,800 hardware points | 3,200 software points | 2,800 sensor points | 160 kWp photovoltaic system

Like so many visionary innovations, this one originated in


a radical question: Is it possible to build a house that generates more renewable energy on-site than it consumes
even taking into account the energy needed to produce its
construction materials, the energy used during construction, and the energy its eventual demolition will consume?
In Hong Kong, one of the most densely populated cities
of the world, where high air pollution seems to be the
price to pay for energy-guzzling buildings, the Construction Industry Council provided a very palpable answer to
this question: the Zero-Carbon Building (ZCB), which
opened at the end of June 2012 in Kowloon Bay. In the traditional definition, a zero-carbon building is a building
with zero net energy consumption or zero net carbon
emissions on an annual basis. The Hong Kong ZCB, fitted
with S
iemens technology, has since raised public awareness of sustainable living and boosted interest in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the construction industry. It houses exhibition and training areas, office and
living space, and a multipurpose hall.
Siemens provided reliable technical solutions for all areas
controlled by a smart building management system. A
smart indoor and outdoor lighting system with light and
motion detectors controls lighting automatically based on
occupancy, individual needs, and the natural lighting level.

The building also incorporates a Sinteso fire alarm system.


Generating renewable energy on-site with photovoltaic
panels and a trigeneration system that uses biofuel made
of used cooking oil, the Hong Kong ZCB not only has zero
carbon emissions on a net annual basis. Going beyond the
basic understanding of a zero-carbon building, the ZCB
even exports surplus energy to offset carbon emissions
accrued during the construction process.

Saving Energy at University of Hong Kong Buildings


The University of Hong Kong opted for an Energy
Performance Contract with S
iemens to install several
improvement measures at its Chow Yei Ching and Tsui
Tsin Tong buildings. Measures implemented to guarantee energy savings included chiller plant and lighting
retrofits at both buildings, as well as additional features
including an upgrade of the building management
system at the Chow Yei Ching building. The energy improvement retrofit will be financed by the guaranteed
operational cost savings; the contract will run for eight
years until 2021.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 47

Data centers are key elements in the


neural network of modern smart
cities. Service provider Cofely uses a
remote monitoring and visualization
tool to manage its Agility data center.

Managing the

Electronic
Brain
Text: Erika Claessens

48urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

T
Illustration: Siemens AG

Big data will be the transformational force for the 21st century, with smart
data centers allowing companies to focus solely on their core business.
urbanDNA spoke to Alexandre Gera, Data Center Manager for Cofely
Services in Belgium and its Agility Data Center, which features Datacenter
Clarity LC, Siemens data center infrastructure management (DCIM)
software tool with 3D visualization. It offers a virtual tour through the data
center infrastructure while managing and monitoring from a distance.

he always-on, overall connectivity culture is a phenomenon we cant deny any longer,


states Alexandre Gera. Smart data
centers now offer companies the opportunity of focusing solely on their
core business. Gera is the Data Center
Manager of the Agility Data Center of
Cofely Services, located in Gembloux
in the south of Belgium. The center
meets the requirements of its customers with an integrated facility management approach, hosted in asecure,

agile, and green data center. The company delivers data center services that
bring value both for in-house corporate clients and for customers with
anindependent ICT infrastructure.
Siemens designed thesolution and architecture of the Datacenter Clarity
LC platform with 3D visualization,
which offers a virtual tour through
the building while remotely managing
and monitoring the storage devices.
Alexandre Gera envisages the global
high-speed deployment of powerful

machines and networks that will


change our overall vision of societal and economic behavior in the
next ten years and definitively transform the development of every nation. However, the management of
the critical data volumes that accompany this evolution demands complex IT infrastructure. These electronic brains, in turn, require an
environment in which their data can
be processed in a flexible, safe, reliable, and sustainable way. Without

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 49

Data Centers

Datacenter Clarity LC is a
Siemens DCIM software platform created and designed for
the data center market. It is a
trademark of Maya Heat Transfer
Technology (HTT), a partner to
Siemens PLM. Datacenter Clarity
LC links facility management
with IT management and combines information from subsystems. These include energy
management, building management, fire safety, monitoring
of infrastructure, server racks,
zones and floors, data storage
systems, as well as switches
and routers. Datacenter Clarity
LC optimizes energy consumption, thereby facilitating the
cost-efficient operation of data
centers. The unique flexible 3D
visualization adds transparency
to the data center infrastructure,
leading to accessible reporting,
optimized operations, smarter
decisions, higher flexibility, and
future-proof architecture.

3D Visualization of Data
This film illustrateshow Clarity
LC DCIM supports
data center
management.

u siemens.com/datacenters

50urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Consolidating Data and Costs


In 2012, when the concept design
of our data center was launched,
our primary goal was to serve the
needs of the Benelux division of GDF
SUEZ Energy Services, a business
unit of the French GDF SUEZ Group.
Operating as separate entities, these
divisions are driving commercial
and operational synergies offering
multi-technical services to their clients as efficiently as possible, says
Gera. Adecisive factor in installing
an Agility Data Center for the Group
as a whole was the fact that previously, every division within the Group
had had its own IT infrastructure,
but the buildings were outdated and
not competitive.
Gera is certain that consolidation
ofall data activities in one data center can enhance performance results
and cut costs. As data centers consume a lot of energy, Cofely Services
opted to focus on large-scale sustainability: Security, agility, and sustainability on the part of the data
center was not just critical for our own
IT infrastructure, but also for our clients needs and even for third parties. We could also become a direct
facility partner for other companies.
Outsourcing their complete IT infrastructure into our building made

Clarity LC DCIM provides all information


related to the IT assets and the technical
infrastructure and can be tracked daily.
Clients can rely on a high-end environment for their IT infrastructure, and the
overall view is managed and monitored
with only one dedicated software tool.
Alexandre Gera, Data Center Manager, Cofely Services

Alexandre Gera

it more economical for them, whilst


also allowing them to focus on their
core business, says Gera.

the rollout of the project. It also allowed us to insert more features like
a ticketing module or a maintenance
tool at any time.

A DCIM Platform
On the other hand, this meant that
one of the basic requirements for
Cofelys Agility Data Center was a
data center infrastructure management (DCIM) platform that would
provide a comprehensive overview
of all assets. We definitely needed
a software tool that could monitor,
manage, and measure our data center performance, usage, and energy
consumption in relation to our building management system (BMS). As
such, the platform also had to be configured for power usage effectiveness
(PUE) as well as water and carbon usage effectiveness (WUE and CUE). By
delivering a guaranteed level of efficiency, it qualified as a green data
center, the manager points out.
We did not plan on a standard platform, but we really needed a very
flexible and high-performance DCIM
that could handle a lot of features
inorder to tour through the data
storage. It had to provide an overview of all assets, like usage parameters, capacity numbers, and energy consumption, Gera continues.
After a tendering process, the contract was awarded to Siemens. They
offered us the Datacenter Clarity
LC software tool with a complete
package of features, which still could
be evaluated and modified during

Datacenter Clarity LC DCIM

Photo: Cofely

Clarity LC DCIM

a doubt, smart data centers are on


track to become a basic element
of the economic empowerment of
enterprises.
Things have been moving at dazzling speed over the last ten years. Big
dataand big data management will
be as powerful a transformational
force for the 21st century as the introduction of computers and the World
Wide Web was in the second half of
the 20th century, Gera points out.
Nevertheless, companies have so far
been maintaining their own internal
IT packages at great expense, without
adding much value to their core business. Outsourcing IT infrastructure
and facilities makes financial sense
and offers more room to concentrate
resources on core activities. For companies looking for immediate high
availability, data center storage provides an excellent solution.

Photos: Cofely, private

Cofely Services operates its Agility


DataCenter near Gembloux in southern
Belgium.

Data Centers

iemens designed the solution and


S
architecture of the Datacenter Clarity
LC platform, installed and deployed
it, and arranged the integration
with the existing building management system used by Cofely Services.
Inthe long run, Siemens will also
perform the maintenance activities,
Gera states. The built-in flexibility
of the Siemens license model allows
us to pay as we grow at an attractive
price. This, combined with our excellent business relationship, was certainly a determining factor in choosing Siemens as our provider.
His customer base is diverse: Half
of the IT rooms are now filled up
by the GDF SUEZ Group for corporate collocation. The remaining part
is dedicated to other companies in
Belgium, but we also address businesses worldwide. Nowadays, alwayson, overall connectivity enables every enterprise to benefit from the
services offered by our data storage
center. The facility infrastructure of
a company can be monitored perfectly and effortlessly from a remote location. Moreover, our Agility Data
Center is connected to data centers
in Frankfurt and Amsterdam, so continuous monitoring and follow-up
are guaranteed.

Visualization Platform
The Datacenter Clarity LC of our
Agility Data Center is the key to any
facility information, whether it concerns our own data or that of our clients, says Gera. It offers all information and knowledge related to the
IT assets and the technical infrastructure and can be tracked daily. Clients
can rely on a high-end environment
for their IT infrastructure, and the
overall view is managed and monitored with only one dedicated software tool. Therefore, the DCIM is connected with other software and with
our building management system.
The BMS connection is configured
specifically for the Cofely building
and integrated into the Datacenter
Clarity LC software platform. Its a
pioneering venture: We are the first
in Europe to offer a DCIM platform
with 3D visualization. This was an
additional component in our choice
of partner. The 3D visualization is
unique and part of the full turnkey
installation provided. Its an innovative system.

and energy efficiency. Gera confirms:Our Agility Data Center is a


Tier III+ with an excellent power usage effectiveness score. This is a key
metric that compares energy use for
the overall facility to that of IT equipment. An ideal metric would be a 1.0
score, where all energy is used for IT
equipment and there is no additional waste. A typical data centers PUE is
2.0. Cofely Services has designed and
met its target of PUE 1.3, which represents a strong performance for a Tier
III+ Data Center requiring high resilience and redundancies.
For Gera, it is clear that big data is
the future. Benchmarking companies
need to follow this trend. But Gera
concludes that this could also create
new opportunities for cities worldwide. The storage of information
data at all levels can help city governors to transform information into
knowledge, empowering city management and improving the livelihood of all citizens, and contributing
to social and economic development.
As such, smart data centers are vital for companies core businesses,
but could be key for smart urbanization as well. Theres no doubt about
it, says Gera, smart companies and
smart cities are the future. p
For more than 25 years, journalist and editor
Erika Claessens has contributed to numerous
print and online publications in both Belgium
and the Netherlands. Her principal topics are
entrepreneurial innovation and sustainability.
She works in Antwerp, Belgium.

Green Footprint
Being responsible for about 2 percent
of global greenhouse gas emissions,
data center operators continuously
search for solutions to reduce energy
consumption and implement innovative equipment and tools to reduce
costs and the carbon footprint. The
Agility Data Center exemplifies the
movement toward green computing

By optimizing energy consumption,


Clarity LC DCIM makes data center
operations more cost-efficient.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 51

Cities

City Climate Leadership Awards

At the 2014 City Climate Leadership Awards (CCLA) in New York City, hosted
by the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group and Siemens, eleven cities were
honored for their climate actions and their initiatives to promote urban
sustainability, to improve waste management, and to raise the air quality.
Among the winners were Seoul, Barcelona, Portland, and Buenos Aires.
urbanDNA met with representatives of those cities to discuss their exemplary
projects and i nitiatives, their fight against climate change, and their visions
for the future.

Take the Lead on Climate Action

Seoul:

52urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Our citizens are what makes Seoul special.


Without their support, we could not reach
ourgoals. We had avision, but the citizens
themselves are pushing to implement such
ideas with inspired participation.
With the active participation
ofSeouls residents, the city is
cutting back its energy consumption by an amount equivalent to one nuclear plants
output.
Mayor Park Won-soon has big ambitions: He wants to make Seoul a city
of sunlight, with the help of photovoltaic energy and goodwill from
the public. Today, the Korean energy
market still relies heavily on nuclear power and carbon-emitting energy sources. About a third of the countrys electricity is produced from
nuclear energy. The city of Seoul
alone, with a population of 10 million people, accounts for more than
10 percent of South Koreas power
consumption. Inan effort to curb the
safety risks and environmental hazards associated with nuclear power,
the capital is working to reduce its
use of that technology.
Mayor Park, who is also the founder of the watchdog organization
Peoples Solidarity for Participatory
Democracy, is seeking to save energy

inSeoul while producing more renewable energy. And the city leader
told urbanDNA that he wants to win
the hearts and minds of the citizens
for green projects in the spirit of his
organizations motto: Lets make
the world a better place with people
power.
Without the support of our citizens,
it would be impossible to reach our
goals, Park says. Of course, we had
a vision and guidelines, but there
is the push on the part of the citizens themselves to have a role in implementing such ideas with inspired
participation. Because in Seoul,
citizens consume more energy than

Park Won-soon, Mayor of Seoul

Photos: Ivn Broida

A Better Place thanks


to People Power

Get more information


about the 2014 City
Climate Leadership
Awards (CCLA).

the industry and public sectors, the


city needs to involve its inhabitants
in climate action.
That is why Seoul has launched
the One Less Nuclear Power Plant
Initiative, designed to reduce the
citys energy demand by 2 million
tonnes of oilequivalent (TOE), about
as much as the output of one nuclear
plant. Parks plan is to reach this goal
through energy conservation and
ramping up the production of renewable energy. One highly innovative
part of this initiative is Make Seoul
a City of Sunlight a project to identify new photovoltaic energy sources. The city commissioned a Seoul
Solar Map with the goal of identifying all buildings and houses with the
capability to accommodate photovoltaic (PV) panels. As a result, the
government supplied almost 3,000
households with rooftop PV systems
in the last two years.

Park implemented a citizen-participation program and linked public


facilities and private investment to
the program of expanding PV power generation. In recent years, the
city has invested heavily in installing
PV generators on many public buildings. Additional money, Park hopes,
will come from private citizens. A fund
nticipated
to raise US$10 million at an a
return of 4 percent per year on invest
ment in PV power plants is being
created thisyear.
Since his election just four years
ago, Park Won-soon has increased
the energy independence ratio of
the South Korean capital from 2.5
to over 5 percent. Such accomplishments are possible if you have the
greenest vision and the help of the
people of the city, the mayor says.
Roman Elsener

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 53

City Climate Leadership Awards

Barcelona:

The Ultimate Smart City


The capital of Catalonia is
creating the revolutionary City
OS operating system to manage
its data, and plans to share it
with other cities for free.

54urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Manel Sanrom, CIO of the Barcelona City Council

city management. Our idea is that


the city is like a computer, with information coming in and going out,
Sanrom says. Just as computers
rely on software to handle the data,
we believe we can build programs not
only for Barcelona, but also for other cities. That will also help to create
jobs in Barcelona.
Barcelona seeks to become a self-sufficient and zero-emission city. It has
already invested 3 million in its urban platform. The program carries a
total price tag of 15 million, according to Sanrom. The city of 1.6 million
inhabitants wants to reduce its water
consumption by 20 percent in 2020.
It also plans a 20 percent reduction
of the energy consumption from municipal services within five years and
aims to add 15,000 sensors around
the city to monitor water levels, containers, parking, and people flow.

Italso hopes that other cities using


its City OS, after the initial launch,
will help to develop applications that
run with it. We hope that we will be
able to create a community of programmers, who will develop applications for this operating system like
they do for other computer systems,
Sanrom adds.
Receiving the award means a lot to
the Barcelona City Council. It is
proof that our vision for Barcelona
is right, Sanrom concludes.
Technology gives us the tools to
launch a revolution to change cities
for their people. We dont think it is
just a phenomenon. It is something
really deep and lasting. Cities have
to incorporate technology in their
management to give their citizens a
better life.
Jean-Cosme Delaloye

Photos: Mariona Villavieja

Barcelona is redefining the concept


of a smart city. The Catalan metropolis, which received the award for
Intelligent City Infrastructure at the
City Climate Leadership Awards ceremony, is creating a new operating
system. The City OS will help the citys
administration to better manage the
data it collects. The core of the software isscheduled to be ready by the
end of 2015. We believe that we can
have the full operating system within two or three years, says Manel
Sanrom, the chief information officer of the Barcelona City Council. But
as soon as we have the core of the program, we will give it away for free to
other cities.
When Barcelona started its technology revolution and developed
rban platform to interconnect
its u
the entire city in 2013, the municipal administration decided to embrace an open-source approach.
All cities have similar problems, so
we should have similar solutions,
Sanrom notes. Our goal is to create
a software community among cities
around the world.
The urban platform in Barcelona has
three components: the Sentilo program with sensors that collect raw
data in real time; the City OS, a software that will allow each department
of the city to access the data and work
with it, and different applications
that will work with the operating software to help reduce energy consumption and improve mobility as well as

Hello from Barcelona, the technology


city by the Mediterranean, where
weare writing our own computer
software to enhance our city and the
lives of its people.

You Dont Get Lucky


unless You Try

With mountains
and the ocean,
Portland has the
best of all worlds
geographically.
But most of all, we
have a progressive
ethic, where everybody is comfortable with the idea
of always trying
something new.
Josh Alpert, Director of Strategic Initiatives,
City of Portland

Photos: Boone Rodriguez

Portland:

The city on the northwestern


coast of the USA, famous for
itsbroad-minded lifestyle, is
engaged inbuilding complete
neighborhoods for a sustainable community.
The City Climate Leadership Award
2014 in the category of Sustainable
Communities goes to Portland. The
city is developing complete neighborhoods to give all residents safe
and convenient access to the goods
and services needed in daily life. The
successful initiative shows a valuable
way toward building sustainable, resilient, and low-carbon communities.
Josh Alpert, Portlands Director of
Strategic Initiatives, who accepted
the award on behalf of the city in New
York, tells urbanDNA that the award
is very validating for his city. Its recognition that the work that we do in
Portland really is world-class work,
and that we are adding value to the
dialog on how cities can move things
ahead in terms of climate action,
Alpert says.
Over the last 30 years, Portland has
increased by more than 200,000 residents to its current population of
600,000. The demographic growth resulted in a more diverse population,
but the diverse communities did not
have equitable access to amenities
and economic opportunities. Alpert
explains: One of the reasons why the
Healthy Connected City strategy was
developed is because not everybody
can get a job downtown. So we are
trying to build neighborhoods where
people can work close to where they
live, and where they can shop and
play without having to use a car. They
can walk or take the bike.
Portland wants each of its city quarters to become such a complete
neighborhood, which not only leads
to a reduction of carbon emissions,
but also helps ensure that residents,
including lower-income families,
dont have to spend money and time
on traveling to their jobs. In 2012, already 45 percent of the population

lived in complete neighborhoods.


Portland aims to raise this figure to
80 percent by 2035.
The historic development is also a
challenge for todays city managers.
The inner neighborhoods which
were developed in an era when traffic
consisted of pedestrians, horses, or
streetcars are relatively compact,
but large parts of the city were developed as cars were becoming common
and are poorly suited for pedestrians or cyclists. As a result, transportation is responsible for 40percent
of Portlands greenhouse gas emissions. But the city is tackling the
challenges onall levels. Portland
has a history of being an experimental city. For the past 100 years,
we have really been trying to move
things. Not all of them work. Some
of them do, but even with things that
dont work, we learn lessons, says
Alpert. The award is a welcome incentive to come up with more new
and innovative projects.
Already in 2015, Portland will become
a whole lot friendlier for pedestrians
and bikers. The city will open the first
downtown bridge in 30 years and
no private vehicles will be allowed on
it. For us, this is huge, says Alpert,
we are a city of bridges, and all of
them are full of cars all day long going back and forth. So we said: No
more. If youre using this bridge to
come tothe city, youre going to do so
by public transit, on bike, or on foot.
And once youve crossed the new
bridge, you will be surprised by what
Portland has to offer. Its a spectacular city: We work hard, we play
hard, laughs Alpert. We really have
the best of all worlds geographically:
We have the mountains, we have the
ocean, but really, we have a progressive ethic in Portland, where everybody is comfortable with the idea of
always trying something new. We are
always planning; it truly seems like
everyone in this city has some sort of
urban planning background.
Roman Elsener

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 57

City Climate Leadership Awards

Buenos Aires:

Leading the Fight


against Solid Waste

Edgardo Cenzon, Minister for the


Environment, Buenos Aires

58urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Buenos Aires is implementing


an aggressive program to reduce the amount of solid waste
the city is sending to landfills
by improving recycling.
Not long ago, Buenos Aires faced a
major crisis. The landfills located in
Jos Len Surez, Gonzlez Catn,
and Punta Lara, three towns close to
the Argentinian capital, were full.
Inlate 2005, the city of Buenos Aires
voted for a Zero Waste Law with the
goal of gradually reducing the amount
of solid waste sent to those dumps
by30 percent in 2010, by 50 percent
in 2012, and by 75 percent in 2017.
Ultimately, the city of about 2.9 million inhabitants hopes to be able to
treat 100 percent of the waste by 2020.
After initial delays and criticism
from environmental groups, Buenos
Aires has picked up the pace in recent years and was awarded the City
Climate Leadership Award in New
York for its waste management program. It means a lot to us, because
the C40 Cities Climate Leadership
Group is a very important organization around the world, says Edgardo
Cenzon, the municipal minister for
the environment of Buenos Aires.
Itrepresents the most important
cities and is recognized as an organi
zation that promotes the fight against
climate change.
Buenos Aires used to send 6,000
tonnes of waste per day to the surrounding landfills. Last A
ugust, it
generated 3,100 tonnes. The waste
management program started about
two years ago, Cenzon adds. We
are surprised by the r esults. In two

years, Buenos Aires has managed to


reduce the amount of garbage the city
is burying in the landfills by 46percent. This is a huge improvement.
The environment minister believes
the city is on track to reach its goal
of an 83 percent reduction by 2017.
That would be a great achievement
for us in only five years, he notes.
We are copying things that were done
in cities like Madrid, London, or
Rome and are adapting them to the
reality of our city.

Photos: Javier Pierini

Welcome to Buenos
Aires, the green
city, where we have
managed to reduce
by 46percent the
amount of garbage
were sending to
our landfills!

The recycling program included the


scavengers working in the landfills.
It has already created 4,500 jobs for
them, with 2,000 more expected. We
are trying to make sure that this
program gives the cartoneros the
so-called scavengers of city dumps
a stable job to collect recyclable
products, Cenzon explains. The city
launched Green Centers for recyclable materials and Green Schools
to teach children about the need to
recycle garbage.
Buenos Aires focuses on waste separation at the source and has invested
resources in an extensive awareness
campaign to educate residents. It
launched a web portal, a call center,
and a chat room. The city also started handing out fines to major waste
producers such as restaurants that
fail to recycle. But we dont fine common people, Cenzon emphasizes.
On October 1, 2014, Buenos Aires
launched its new waste recollection
program. The city will have 52,000
baskets for paper collection. By March
2015, it plans to add 217 new garbage trucks with lateral collection of
waste. It will also implement its containerization program with 15,000
black containers for regular garbage
and 8,000 green containers for recyclable products. We have high expectations, because it is the first time
that the entire city will have these
two containers, Cenzon concludes.
We are showing that it is possible to
achieve a big reduction of the waste
we are sending to the landfills.
Jean-Cosme Delaloye

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 59

Service and Maintenance

Service and Maintenance

Giving Transport the


Service It Deserves
iemens Mobility has a linked range of new service concepts that
S
ensure road traffic and rail networks work smoothly. Central to
thisis intelligent maintenance of transport infrastructure assets.
The results: less traffic congestion and rail delays, greater safety,
and more efficient use of resources.
Text: Daniel Whitaker

Illustrations: Romain Trystram

60urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 61

Service and Maintenance

Service and Maintenance

Friday
10.06 a.m.

Rapid Response
New service concepts allow drastic shortening of response times
between error diagnosis and repair.

Friday
10.05 a.m.

Diagnosis:
Erlangen Support Center
Error message received at
Support Center. In a flash,
humans and machines are
analyzing the source of
the fault and identifying
the required spare parts.

Friday
1.07 p.m.

Error message:
Barcelona Sants
railwaystation
Train arrives at the station.
Doors open. Diagnostic
system registers that the
current flow to door relay 5 is too high. Just below
the limit.

ities depend on transportation the way that a body


depends on blood circulation. As the world continues to urbanize, transport connections will keep
getting more complex, and the costs of any obstruction
or accident will keep rising. City transport authorities
and rail operators are turning to Siemens Mobility for
ways to use the latest technology to keep transport flowing.

Keeping Traffic Moving


Take one of the oldest transport control technologies as
an example: the humble red-amber-green traffic light.
It must regulate complex traffic interactions, involving
changing patterns of car drivers, cyclists, pedestrians,
trams, and buses. The lights are constantly in use, and
their sequencing must be varied in response to events,
but if even one fails, this can generate accidents, delays,
and lost productivity. So reliability is paramount.
Once, maintenance was reactive. A broken light would
bring traffic problems and, once alerted, a city technician would confront a series of challenges: make his way
to the location (perhaps through the resulting jams); diagnose the problem (relying on his own knowledge);
obtain any necessary vehicle or part (perhaps through
maintaining an expensive inventory); then effect a repair
(again reliant on his own skills). These challenges only
grew for a smaller city without the budget for a traffic

62urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

control center. So how does Duisburg, just such a small


city in western Germany, cope with this responsibility,
when a bulb blows at a busy junction? Remarkably well,
these days.
The errant light will have been connected to a Siemens
traffic control center in Munich, where the manager,
Bakir Bijedic-Hoffmann, sees it instantly on his screen.
While a reserve red bulb clicks into operation at the
t raffic light, Bijedic-Hoffmann checks his database to
see what sort of repair vehicle will be needed and then
schedules the required elevated platform truck and
spare bulb. Duisburgs commuters will be spared gridlock or danger. When they pay their taxes, they will also
be spared the expense of maintaining the older, slower,
and costlier alternative, as a single center delivers significant economies of scale.
Bijedic-Hoffmanns clients also include larger cities with
their own technicians Vienna with its 2,000 sets of
t raffic lights, for example which will turn to Siemens
for any problem they cannot solve alone. A shared data
interface means that the engineer in Munich will see
exactly the same information as the Viennese technician,
but will be able to draw on a much greater database and
network of expertise. Our staff has gathered years of
experience in the field, Bijedic-Hoffmann explains. This
knowledge is an unbeatable advantage of the service.

Building Know-How
The knowledge base is built up and shared via a system of S
iemens Mobility Academies. Beyond Munichs
Intelligent Traffic Systems Academy, rail systems are
served by the Rolling Stock Academy in Erlangen and the
Rail Automation Academy in Brunswick. Combined, these
centers delivered almost 13,000 student-days of teaching last year attended by both S
iemens and client staff,
ranging from Europe to Asia and America.
The syllabus draws on cutting-edge, cost-effective technologies, a transition sometimes described as from
screwdriver to keyboard. Key aspects include rapid
transfer of data such as between the traffic light bulb
and Munich and remote access. A Siemens system
means that authorized city employees could also access
the traffic lights via a smartphone, remedying malfunctions or perhaps changing light sequencing to deal with
amajor event. But the emphasis is also always on the
practical experience of issues.

Offer & order:


administration in Madrid
Identified spare part made
available as offer in Rail Mall.
Customs documents (for
worldwide shipping), certificates, and the required software are prepared. Customer
examines offer, states delivery date/time, and orders by
mouse click.

Near Dsseldorf at Wegberg-Wildenrath, in a clearing beyond the north German coniferous forest, is another
Siemens facility, where it is not people who are tested,
but trains. At this Test and Validation Center, on an old
air force base, there are 32 kilometers of track to replicate
both normal and extreme conditions in national rail networks. More than 200 specialists in three shifts work in
what Head Robert Grootings describes as the worlds
largest and most modern certification facility for rolling
stock. They test the speed, breaking, curving, gradeclimbing, leakage, and noise performance of trains of all
manufacturers for operators from the UK to Vietnam.
As an indication of the uniqueness of Wegberg-Wildenrath,
when the facility held an open house day two years ago,
33,000 visitors took advantage of the chance to see it. As
with the academies, drivers as well as operational and
maintenance personnel also come here for courses prior to starting work on the trains that are being tested, repaired, and overhauled.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 63

Service and Maintenance

Service and Maintenance

Dispatch:
WDC Neu-Isenburg
Spare part package is
ready on the loading
ramp. Express agent picks
up shipment. Shipment
catches 2.55 p.m. flight to
Madrid on time.

Friday
1.25 p.m.

Friday
5.40 p.m.
Delivery:
Madrid Barajas airport
Airplane lands. Express agent is
ready and picks up spare part.

Friday
1.48 p.m.
Express logistics:
WDC Neu-Isenburg
Order arrives at the World
Distribution Center (WDC).
Forklift heads for high-bay
storage space 21/8. Team
packs spare part; inserts
delivery note and prepared
documents.

Friday
7.53 p.m.

Staying on the Rails

A Virtuous Circle

But just as with traffic control, important changes are


taking place in the way trains are operated, making them
ever more reliable. Each of the eight Siemens Velaro
trains operated by Russian Railways makes the journey
between Moscow and St. Petersburg at 250 kilometers
per hour, eight times a day, through temperatures ranging from 50 to +40 degrees. Yet only one train will be delayed more than five minutes in an average month, taking the availability ratio well above 99 percent and far
beyond the minimum levels guaranteed by S
iemens in its
maintenance contract. Similar achievements have been
made with the same train on the MadridBarcelona route,
which has now displaced air traffic between those cities, or
with the Desiro trains in use or on order in the UK.
The way in which this has been done illustrates several other key service concepts that S
iemens Mobility
now sees as fundamental. First is diagnostics, using onboard monitoring. There are up to 60 sensors per train
constantly relaying data online related to train components that could potentially fail. The data is visualized
and evaluated instantly, by systems that can translate it
into requirements for predictive maintenance to avoid
a problem arising. For example, wear and tear can be
estimated based on temperature reports from the motor drives and from the vibrations monitored in a carriage bogie (where the axels and wheels attach). This
allows a forecast of when repair or replacement is needed, and the maintenance schedule can be adjusted accordingly. The r equired maintenance work can be defined for workshop personnel and be ready to take place

This range of improved service concepts is also integrated with S


iemenss manufacturing design. In one direction, this means that new products are designed with
future service requirements as an important priority. So
new Desiro trains, for example, are made to be easier to
maintain. Seats are cantilevered, allowing unimpeded
access to the floor for cleaning. A new door mechanism
allows better accessibility to the door drive, so it too can
be more easily maintained.
In the other direction, maintenance experience from the
service relationship is taken up by new product designers
and used to develop improvements. Nothing now moves
without generating data, and Siemens knows how to put
this to good use. Take the agreement with MRCE, one of
Europes main locomotive leasing companies. MRCEs
Chief Technical Officer Rainer Beller explains how for the
mainstay of their fleet, the 189-class locomotives, We
intend to raise the maintenance interval from 1 million
to 1.4 million kilometers. For this, we need S
iemens as
a partner who can carry out the technical tests, produce
analyses, and perform the technical calculations.
But Beller identifies a key benefit for Siemens itself in
this contract: the huge volume of new data that will be
generated on real, cross-border usage of its trains. This
additional data can be matched to the preservice testing data from Wegberg-Wildenrath to help Siemens understand ever more precisely how different train designs will perform over their whole life cycles. Naturally,
this knowledge will then be fed back into continually
improving design for future trains.

64urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

when the train enters its depot, so that train service is


not interrupted.
Another way that Siemens has raised efficiency for its
clients is with spare parts provision. Lets say a door relay on the BarcelonaMadrid Velaro registers with slightly too high a current at 10.05 a.m. The Erlangen Support
Center will have diagnosed the source of the problem and
required spare part within a few seconds. Three hours later, the train operator in Madrid will have used Siemens
Rail Mall system to order the part, prepare all customs documentation, and agree delivery time and place
by mouse click. Less than 20 minutes after that, at the
Siemens World Distribution Center (WDC) by Frankfurt
airport, the spare part has been found and packaged with
all required documents. Ninety minutes later, the package is airborne on a flight to Madrid. Within three hours,
it is picked up by an express agent at Madrid Barajas airport. The same agent arrives at Barcelona La Sagra station
depot at 7.53 p.m., at the same time as the train; he passes
the part to the technician, and maintenance work begins.
The WDC holds 8,000 mobility parts (for both road and
rail) on 23,400 square meters of storage space, and ships
out 50,000 items each year. This removes the need for
Siemens clients all over the world to hold an expensive
parts inventory; it is a triumph of the art of logistics.

Maintenance:
La Sagra depot
Train arrives at depot. Express
agent arrives with spare part at
the same time. Technician accepts delivery of the parcel.
Maintenance work begins.

A Common Platform
The maintenance and service concepts described above
all fit together like links in a chain along the whole life
of any S
iemens mobility product. The importance of uniform IT infrastructure and of centralized control of service provision in a remote location have led to the overall
descriptive term: common Remote Service Platform (cRSP).
With the cRSP, service-related data is captured and used
ever more intelligently. The driving spirit is proaction
rather than reaction. The results are lower maintenance
costs and reduced downtime. Almost anyone moving in
an urban setting will benefit, even if they never appreciate what is being done. A safety net has been sewn to ensure that any blockages to the safe and free flow of transport are either quickly removed or, increasingly, never
happen at all. Good physicians have long known how prevention is preferable to cure. The best engineers are now
able wholeheartedly to agree. p
Daniel Whitaker is a London-based freelance journalist who has followed the energy and environmental sectors for many years. His work
has appeared in the Financial Times and The Economist magazine.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 65

Mumbai

Mumbai

The fifth most populous metropolis in the world


isaddressing mobility and public transportationrelated challenges effectively and is poised to
emerge as a well-planned, modern city with the
execution of several ongoing projects.
Text: Swati Prasad

Photos: Atul Loke

Mumbai
S

oftware engineer Prerna


Waghmare (33) lives in Sanpada
(Navi Mumbai) and commutes
daily to her office in Andheri East,
23kilometers away. Part of her journey involves a ride on the new Metro
(commissioned in June 2014). This
12-station, 11.4-kilometer corridor
saves Waghmare 30 minutes each
way, even as she continues to cover half the distance in an auto-rickshaw. The toughest part of her journey which takes her from east to
west of Mumbai is taken care of by
the Metro.
The ride is very comfortable. And
most of the time, I get a seat, says
Waghmare, one of 200,000 commuters who use the Metro each day.
However, this story is not just about
Mumbai Metro, but about the dozen-odd new projects commissioned
in the last ten years that have made
Mumbai a much better city to live

66urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

in. These include the Bandra-Worli


Sea Link, the Eastern Freeway, the
Monorail, the new Terminal 2 at the
Chhatrapati Shivaji International
Airport (CSIA), new eco-friendly
buses, skywalks, rail over bridges,
flyovers, and intelligent traffic signaling (see info box, p. 73).
Mumbai is one of the few cities
in India that have a comprehensive Master Plan in place for both
2030 and 2050. In terms of planning, I think Mumbai has done quite
well, says Shirish Sankhe, Director
at McKinsey India. Back in 2003, the
consultancy suggested an eightpronged approach to transform
Mumbai into a World-Class City.
Mumbai may not be a world-class
city yet, but it is certainly heading
there. About ten years ago, I lived in
Navy Nagar (Colaba, South Mumbai),
says Rama Thoopal (38), an advertising consultant and wife of a navy

Mumbai

officer. Her husband was posted back


to Mumbai in 2012. But this time,
they got navy accommodation in
Mankhurd (in the eastern suburbs).
So much has changed in Mumbai.
Despite living in a suburb, we can
reach the airport in 20 minutes,
thanks to the Santa Cruz-Chembur
Link Road (SCLR). With the Eastern
Freeway, getting to South Mumbai is
also a lot easier, says Thoopal.
Mumbai is a beautiful city with a
coastline on both sides. It definitely
holds a lot of potential, says Sankhe.
Sanjay Paranjpe, the S
iemens City
Account Manager for Mumbai, concurs: There are several ambitious
projects in the pipeline. With the execution of these projects, Mumbai will
emerge as an outstanding city, with
state-of-the-art infrastructure.

Coping with Lack of Space


This vibrant metropolis, which is also
the financial, commercial, and entertainment capital of India, is an island city with severe geographical constraints. Scarcity of land led
to a surge of satellite towns (such as
Greater Mumbai, Thane, Bhiwandi,
Ulhasnagar, Navi Mumbai, KalyanDombivili) and suburbs that start
with Bandra and extend up to VasaiVirar. Together, these areas make up
the Mumbai Metropolitan Region
(MMR).
During the development of the island
city (also known as South Mumbai) in
earlier decades, much of the workforce
traveled toward it from the suburbs
and satellite towns. Transportation
corridors in Mumbai have therefore
evolved as longitudinal routes heading to South Mumbai from the northern and eastern suburbs. Very few
east-west links were developed.
Over the last two decades, new office
complexes have come up in areas such
as the Bandra-Kurla Complex, Malad
(West), Andheri, Navi Mumbai, and
Powai. But connectivity to these areas
remained a challenge.
Meanwhile, the population of greater Mumbai increased from 12.5 million in 1991 to nearly 21 million in
2011. This population growth led to
a considerable drop in the quality of
life. A McKinsey report titled Vision

68urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

Mumbai is one of the


few cities in India
with a comprehensive
Master Plan for both
2030 and 2050.

Mumbai Metropolitan Region Fact File

Location: West coast, India


Capital of Maharashtra
Population (2011):

20,748,395

GDP:
US$208 billion
Mumbai: Transforming Mumbai into
a World-Class City, published in
September 2003, noted: The quality
of life in Mumbai has also worsened
and the decline is quite steep. Slums
have proliferated and congestion, pollution and water problems have skyrocketed. [] The situation is likely to
worsen over the next decade with an
expected population increase of over
two million.
Clearly, the megalopolis needed better infrastructure to cope with the rising population. The floods of July26,
2005 and the terrorist attacks in
November 2008 reiterated the mess
the city was in. But all thats changed
with the commissioning of new projects. Our focus is east-west connectivity. We want to reduce the number
of private vehicles on the roads by enhancing public transportation, says
Dilip Kawathkar, Deputy Metropolitan Commissioner and Joint Project
Director (PR) at the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA; a government body responsible for balanced development).
This development authority formulated the Mumbai Urban Transport
Project (MUTP) to improve the traffic and transport situation in the
MMR (with assistance from the World
Bank). The first phase of the project
began in 2007 and is said to be complete. MUTP Phase II is being implemented, and MUTP Phase III has been
approved.

Area:

4,355km

Shirish Sankhe, Director, McKinsey India

Per capita GDP (nominal):

US$2,000

The biggest space constraint was perhaps faced by the Chhatrapati Shivaji
International Airport, which required
modernization. CSIA has been referred
to as the most difficult airport to develop, being located in a confined area
with no space to expand. Its area per
passenger is one of the smallest in the
world, yet it manages about 19 percent
of the countrys air passenger traffic
and about 29 percent of the countrys
air cargo traffic.
The critical task was to develop a stateof-the-art terminal literally on top of
the existing airport and in parallel,
rebuild the airports unique intersecting runways, with minimal inconvenience for passengers or flight interruptions. Terminal 2, i naugurated
in January 2014, is c onsidered one of
the most iconic developments in recent times. The four-level international terminal, with anarea of more than
439,000 square meters, will ultimately
accommodate 40 million passengers
per year.

Enhancing Public Transport


Any modernization plan for Mumbai
must include the suburban trains,
which ferry 7.6 million passengers every day. With the increase in the citys
population, the suburban trains the
lifelines of Mumbai were getting
cramped. During rush hours, instead
of the permitted c apacity of 1,700 passengers, more than 5,000 people rode
on one train.

Top: Software engineer


Prerna Waghmare takes
the Mumbai Metro to her
workplace in Andheri.
Center and bottom:
Suburban trains are the
lifelines of Mumbai.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 69

Mumbai

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport

Taking a selfie
near the BandraWorli Sea Link.

The Western Express Highway to the suburbs is packed during peak hours.

70urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

The Mumbai Railway Vikas Corpora


tion (MRVC) initiated a number of
rail infrastructure projects under
MUTP Phase I and II. Since 2007, the
MRVC has inducted 112 new trains
with more than 1,200 coaches. The
state-of-the-art coaches are built of
stainless steel with improved comfort for commuters. With a top speed
of 100 kilometers per hour (as opposed to 80 in the previous trains),
the new commuter trains equipped
with S
iemens technology (such as the
propulsion system, auxiliary equipment, and passenger information
system) are a lot safer, comfortable,
faster, and more eco-friendly.

Clearly, public transport in Mumbai


is amongst the most affordable in the
world. A research study undertaken by Credo Business Consulting LLP
(commissioned by Siemens), titled
The Mobility Opportunity, returned
a clear verdict: Transport in Mumbai
is the most user-affordable of any
city in our study. Credos research
project involved 35 commercial centers across the world, including wellestablished cities (such as London,
New York, and Madrid), high-density
compact centers (such as Singapore,
Beijing, Dubai, and Hong Kong) and
emerging cities (such as Mumbai,
Delhi, Bangkok, and Mexico City).

Public transportation attracts economic activity and boosts productivity by improving connectivity
and r educing time lost to travel.
Undoubtedly, better transport improves quality of life, the Credo
report adds.
The Credo study The Mobility
Opportunity investigates ways
of boosting economic growth
by improving public transport.

At the same time, MMRDAs new projects like the Metro, the Monorail,
and various road projects are enhancing public transportation. These
projects are quite successful. For

instance, theMetro is used by over


200,000 people every day. The Eastern
Freeway is used by 30,000 vehicles
every day, while 50,000 vehicles use
the SCLR every day.
The MMRDA is presently implementing Phase II of the Monorail project,
the Urban Transport Project, the
Extended Mumbai Urban Infrastructure Project (which includes bridges,
f lyovers, rail over bridges, and widening of roads), and will undertake
more critical projects soon, such as
the Colaba-Bandra-SEEPZ Metro-3
corridor, the Bandra-Kurla to Chunabhatti Connector, the Worli-Sewri Elevated Connector, the Mumbai Trans
Harbour Link (MTHL), and the VirarAlibaug Multi Modal Corridor, says
Kawathkar.
Among the biggest of these projects
is the MTHL. People come to Mumbai
for business purposes. The MTHL
will connect Navi Mumbai to South
Mumbai, says Kawathkar. Today, it
takes over two hours to reach South
Mumbai from Navi Mumbai. According to MMRDA estimates, around
60,000cars will use the MTHL. But
unlike on the Eastern Freeway, a toll
will be levied for using the MTHL.
We expect the MTHL to be a big
boon for Mumbai, adds Kawathkar.

Project Execution Hurdles


Infrastructure projects can be delayed due to unforeseen reasons,
making project execution quite tedious. Take the case of the BandraWorli Sea Link, whose foundation
stone was laid back in 1999. The project was delayed due to several public
interest litigations, causing a fiveyear delay. The project was finally
completed in June 2009.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 71

Mumbai

The biggest challenge we face is in


the acquisition of land for smooth
implementation of projects, says
Kawathkar. The second challenge is
related to the shifting of utility services. There are innumerable service providers. We need to shift the
water pipeline, gas pipeline, telephone lines, sewerage, etc. There
are a number of agencies involved.
Getting approvals and shifting these
utilities takes time, adds Kawathkar.
The right projects are being talked about in Mumbai. But funding
and the capacity to execute those
projects are huge challenges, says
Sankhe. Take the case of the Mumbai
Metro. Mumbai needs ten Metro corridors by 2020. Only one has come
up. Executing one corridor at a time
is simply not enough to adapt capacity to population growth, as Sankhe
points out.
According to Sankhe, Mumbai needs
investments to the tune of around
US$40 billion in public transportation: Mumbai needs a ring road system that circles the entire city without
any traffic signals. Today, Mumbai
has one-fourth of a ring road in place

72urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015

in the form of the Eastern Freeway,


and one-tenth of it in the form of the
Bandra-Worli Sea Link. The city requires INR250 billion (US$4 billion)
worth of investments in its road networks alone.
The population of MMR is estimated to increase from around 22 million today to over 30 million by 2030.
The situation will get much worse,
unless all the projects are executed in time, adds Sankhe. The challenges also revolve around funding.
However, funding is something that
can be tackled. Both execution and
funding are challenges that have to
be tackled effectively, he says.
Sankhe thinks that Mumbai requires
a different governance and funding
framework, like other major cities
across the world. Mumbai does not
need multiple agencies. It needs a politically empowered mayor who can
ensure smooth execution of projects,
says Sankhe.

An Intelligent City in the


Making
Most developed cities are also intelligent cities. While Mumbai has a long

Swati Prasad is a freelance business journalist


who has lived and worked in both Delhi and
Mumbai as an editor and correspondent. She
reports on business and the Indian economy.

5
3

6
1

Not depicted: city-wide projects 8 and 9 .

Projects That Have Changed Mumbai

Illustration: Kelli Anderson

The Mumbai Monorail serves as a feeder to


high-capacity Mass Rapid Transit Systems.

way to go before it can be either, CSIA


has propelled Mumbai into the A-list of
National Geographics smartest cities across the world a catalog that
includes New York, London, Dubai,
and Seoul.
Similarly, news reports indicate that
by 2017, the Municipal Corporation
ofGreater Mumbai intends to finish
installing smart signals at 367of the
busiest junctions in the suburbs. At
present, 253 such signals exist in
South and Central Mumbai. The signals form a network called Area Traffic
Control (ATC) that is centrally managed from a control center. ATC cuts
waiting time at junctions by changing signal timing depending on traffic density. Sensors lying under the
surface of the road behind the pedestrian crossing do the calculations.
Worldwide, ATC has been implemented in 300 cities.
In the aftermath of the 2008 terror
attacks, the metropolis plans to implement a city surveillance project.
About 6,000 closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras will be installed
across the metro. The CCTV cameras
will be monitored remotely, while an
emergency number along the lines
of the 911 service in the USA will also
be set up.
Apart from these, Mumbai also
boasts a first-of-its-kind smart city
project known as Palava City. This
Wi-Fi-enabled planned urban development is expected to be completed
in 2025, and will rely on smart cards
for most services such as energy,
w ater, transportation, and public
safety. It would span 4,000 acres
and cost INR140 billion (US$2.25 billion). If we are looking at services
such as smart metering, electronic
tolling, citizen services, city surveillance, etc., Mumbai definitely has the
potential to emerge as a smart city,
says Sankhe. This would certainly
take Mumbai one step closer to becoming a highly livable city in the
coming years. p

1 B
 andra-Worli Sea Link: This INR16 billion (US$260 million)
project has reduced travel time between Bandra and Worli
during peak hours from 6090 minutes to 2030 minutes.
2 E
 astern Freeway: Connects P DMello Road in South Mumbai to the Eastern Express Highway at Ghatkopar. Length:
16.8 km; cost: INR14.4 billion (US$230 million). Opened to
public in June 2013.
3 Metro Rail Project: The first, 11.4-km long, 12-station Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar Metro corridor was commissioned
in June 2014 as an east-west commuter link. Travel time
from Versova to Ghatkopar cut from 90 to 20 minutes.
4 Monorail Project: A feeder to high-capacity Mass Rapid
Transit Systems like suburban and metro services. MMRDA
implemented the first Monorail (from Chembur to Wadala)
in February 2014 (8.93 km distance).
5 J ogeshwari-Vikhroli Link Road and the 6 Santa CruzChembur Link Road have improved connectivity between

eastern and western suburbs. SCLR was opened to public in


April 2014.
7 T
 he Sahar Elevated Road is a 2 km-long road that takes
commuters from the Western Express Highway to the international airport within 5 minutes.
8 Mumbai Urban Infrastructure Project involves construction, reconstruction, development, and broadening of various roads, as well as projects including Eastern Freeway,
Sahar Elevated Road, Milan, and Dahisar rail over bridges.
9 Mumbai Urban Transport Project is the largest multimodal project. Under this project, over 100 new suburban
trains as well as 644 low-floor environment-friendly Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport Undertaking
buses have been procured together with a digital signaling
system.

urbanDNA Issue 5/February 2015 73