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1.

A liquid-in-glass thermometer consists


of a bulb containing a liquid. The liquid
can expand into a very thin capillary
tube.

The liquid in the thermometer is replaced


by another liquid that expands more for
the same temperature rise.
The new thermometer will have
A greater sensitivity and greater range.
B greater sensitivity but less range.
C the same sensitivity and the same
range.
D the same sensitivity but greater range.
3. A liquid is heated. Which statement is
incorrect?
A The molecules expand.
B The molecules gain energy.
C The molecules move further apart.
D The molecules move faster.

5. The diagram shows a liquid-in-glass


thermometer.

2. A person cannot unscrew the lid


of a pot of jam. He finds that the
lid can be unscrewed after it has
been held under hot, running
water for a few seconds.
Why is this?

A The air pressure in the jar falls.


B The glass expands.
C The jam melts.
D The lid expands.
4. Which of the following correctly
compares the forces between the
molecules in steam, water and
ice?
weakest forces
------------------ strongest
forces
A
ice
steam
water
B
ice
water
steam
C
steam
water
ice
D
water
steam
ice
6. A bimetallic strip made from
brass and iron is used as a
thermostat.

At 0 C, the length of the liquid column is


2.0 cm. At 100 C, the length of the liquid
column is 22.0cm. What is the length of
the liquid column at 40C?
A 6.0cm B 8.0cm C 8.8cm D 10.0cm

When the strip is heated, the brass


expands more than the iron. Which
shape will the strip become?

7. The diagram shows how the atoms in a


substance rearrange themselves during
a change of state. Which change of
state is shown?

8. Very small pollen grains are


suspended in a beaker of water.
A bright light shines from the
side. Small, bright dots of light
are seen through a microscope.
The dots move in rapidly
changing, random directions.
A pollen grains being hit by other
pollen grains
B pollen grains being hit by water
molecules

A gas to liquid
B liquid to gas
C liquid to solid

D solid to liquid

C water molecules being hit by


other water molecules
D water molecules being hit by
pollen grains
9. Brownian motion is observed by looking 10. Which energy resource is
at smoke particles through a
nonrenewable
microscope.
energy resource?
How do the smoke particles move in
A hydroelectric
Brownian motion?
B nuclear fission
A all in the same direction
C tides
B at random
D waves
C in circles
D vibrating about fixed points

Answers:
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8.
(50 marks)
11. An energy efficient bulb transfers 40% of the energy as useful
light energy.
How much energy is transferred as heat? _____________________
Draw a Sankey Diagram in the space below. (25 marks)

12. Electricity can be generated from either renewable or nonrenewable energy sources.
(a) Describe the difference between a renewable energy source and
a non-renewable energy source.
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(b) (i) Name one renewable energy source.
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(ii) Suggest one reason why your choice in (b)(i) is not, so far,
widely used for generating electricity.

9.

10

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(c) (i) Name one non-renewable energy source.
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(ii) Suggest one reason why non-renewable sources have been
widely used for generating
electricity up until the present time.
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......................[10] (Total : 25 marks)