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Complex Variable

Analytic Functions

Solved Problems

Solved Problems :

1) Prove that an analytic function with its derivative zero is


constant.
Solution:
Let f (z) = u + iv be the given analytic functions whose
derivative is zero.
f (z) = + i = 0

= 0, = 0

But f (z) is analytic. Hence, CR equations are satisfied


=

and

= 0, = 0
As = 0, = 0 u = a constant
and
= 0, = 0 v = a constant
f (z) = u + iv = a constant

Complex Variable

Analytic Functions

Solved Problems

2) If f (z) is an analytic function, show that = 0


Solution:
Since, z = x + iy & =

x=(z+)

and

y=

(z-)

Let f (z) = u + iv

= (u + iv)

= ( . + . ) + i( . + . )

= [ . + ( - ) ] + i[
=
=

. + ( - ) ]

+ +

But since, f (z) is analytic,


= and =

= + = 0

Hence, Proved.

Complex Variable

Analytic Functions

Solved Problems

3) Show that following functions are analytic and find their


derivatives.
i)
Solution:
f (z) =
= +
= .
= ( cosy + i siny )
u = , v =
= , =
= , =

= and =

Further , , , are continuous and Cauchy Riemann


equations are satisfied.
Hence, is an analytic function.

Now, f (z) = + i = + i
= ( cosy + i siny )
= .
= +
3

Complex Variable

Analytic Functions

ii) Sinhz
Solution:
f (z) = sinhz = sinh(x + iy)
= sinhxcoshiy + coshxsinhiy
= sinhxcosy + i coshxsiny
u = sinhx cosy,

v = coshy siny

= coshx cosy,

= - sinhx siny

= sinhx siny,

= coshx cosy

= and =

Further , , , are continuous and Cauchy Riemann


equations are satisfied.
Hence, Sinhz is an analytic function.

Now, f (z) = + i
= coshx cosy + i sinhx siny
= coshx coshiy + sinhx sinhiy
= cosh (x + iy)
= coshz

Solved Problems

Complex Variable

Analytic Functions

Solved Problems

iii) z
Solution:

We have f (z) = z
= (x + iy) ( + )
= (x + iy) ( cosy + i siny )

u = ( ), v = ( + )
= ( ) +
= ( )
= ( + ) +
= ( + )

and

f (z) = z is analytic function and can be differentiated as usual.


f (z) = z +
= ( + )

Complex Variable

Analytic Functions

Solved Problems

4) Prove that f (z) = ( + ) + ( + ) is


analytic.
Solution:
We have u = + , v = +

=
3

+ 2y,

= 6xy 2x,

= 6xy + 2x

= 3 + 2y

By Cauchy Riemann Equations,

and

Also partial derivatives are continuous.


f (z) is analytic.

5) Determine the constants a, b, c, d if


f (z) = ( + + ) + ( + + ) is analytic.
Solution: we have f (z) = u +iv
and u = + + ; v = + +
= + , = +
= + , = +
6

Complex Variable

Analytic Functions

Solved Problems

Since, f (z) is analytic, Cauchy Riemann Equations are satisfied.

and

2x + 2ay = 2dx + 2y
and
2ax + 2by = - 2cx - 2dy

Equating the co-efficient of x, y we get


a = 1, d = 1 and a = - c , b = - d
a = 1, b = - 1, c = - 1, d = 1.