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Similarities & differences between Piaget & Vygotsky theories

PAYAM MOGHADAMFAR

Child

actively

cognitive

organises Child is active in providing

schemas

to feedback to the

maintain equilibrium.
Source of cognition

parent/instructor

children themselves

social environment could


help the child's cognitive
development

Childs role

independent

Dependent on social
interaction

Cognitive development

universal cognitive change

highly variable development


, depending on the child's
cultural experiences to the
environment.

theory

Natural line of development

Cultural line of development

Infancy(0-2 yrs)

Sensorimotor stage

affiliation

Early childhood(2-7yrs)

Preoperational stage

play

Middle childhood(7-11yrs)

Concrete operational stage

learning

Adolescence(12-19yrs)

Formal operational stage

peer

adulthood

Formal operational stage

work

egocentric speech not useful

Inner speech- helps to problem

Period of development & basic


concerns:

Differences in terms of private

solve and with cognitive


development

speech:
Developmental Significance

Lack of ability

Course of Development

Declines with age

External thinking
Increases in youth, then
declines

Relationship to Social Speech

Negative; immature

Positive; social stimulated

Relationship to Environmental Piaget did not comment

Increases with task difficulty

Context
The Theory:
contents
Nature Or Nurture

---

Intellectual Development
Continuous Interaction With
Environment

---

Intelligence

---

Adaptation

---

Assimilation

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Similarities & differences between Piaget & Vygotsky theories - Psycho...

Accommodation

---

Schema

---

Equilibrium

---

Disequilibrium

---

---

Development As Social
Process

---

How Reasoning
Understanding, Planning
Remembering Arise Out Of
Child Social Experiences

http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Similarities_&_differences_between_...

-----

Zone Of Proximal
Development

---

Guided Participation

---

Collaborative Learning

---

Task Performance With


Assistance What Is Good
Assistance

---

Scaffolding

---

Strategies & Levels Of


Problem Solving

---

Adult Child Relationship

---

Peer Tutors

---

Role Of Peers

Learning is a product of

individualist society.

power of the community

child is an

introvert

extrovert

Basic focus is

cognition

cognition

Complex interactionist

Everyone is different.

Everyone is different.

Child himself

Zone of proximal

character of development
Basic source of learning is

development
Child learning process

independent

dependent

Role of child

scientist

Apprentice

Development

Same or universal

Variable due to cultural


differences

See also

Edit

Developmental psychology
Categories: Developmental psychology

Jean Piaget

Lev Vygotsky

Erikson

Add category

Read more
Assessment|
Biopsychology|
Comparative|
Cognitive|
Developmental|
Language|
Scaffolding
Individual...

Assessment |
Biopsychology |
Comparative |
Cognitive |
Developmental |
Language
Loevinger's
stages of| ego development
Individual...

Assessment|
Biopsychology|
Comparative|
Cognitive|
Developmental|
Language|
Developmental
aspects of olfaction
Individual...

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Similarities & differences between Piaget & Vygotsky theories - Psycho...

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Who is your favorite Vikings


character? Meet the cast before
the season premiere

Lifestyle

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Entertainment

Video Games

Who is your favorite Vikings character? Meet the cast!

2/13/2016 9:03 PM