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UNIT 1

PART A QUESTIONS
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QUESTION
What is the importance of radiation resistance of an antenna?
What is the significance of aperture of the antenna?
Given the GEO stationary orbital radius r the earths radius R and speed of
light C how will you compute the time taken for a signal to pass from earth
to the satellite and back again

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What is the significance of radiation resistance of an antenna?

Draw E plane and H plane radiation pattern of a dipole.
What are and patterns in antenna radiation pattern?

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What are dBi and dBd?Write their significance.

What is an elementary dipole and how does it differ from the infinitesimal
dipole?
What is the effective area of a half wave dipole operating at 1GHz?
If the radaiation resistance of an antenna is 65 ohms and loss resistance is
10 ohms,find its efficiency.
Define half power beam width.
What is the significance of gain of an antenna?
Define effective of aperture of the antenna.
PART B QUESTIONS
Derive the Electric and Magnetic field components of a Hertzian dipole.
(i) Two spacecrafts are separated by 3 km.Each has an antenna with
directivity D=200 operating at 2 GHz.If crafts As receives 20dB power what
is the transmitted power by craft B?
(ii) Explain the following
1.polarization
2.effective aperture.
3.directivity
(i)A satellite is orbiting a equatorial plane with a period from perigee to
perigee of 10h. given that the eccentricity is 0.002 and the earths
equatorial radius is 6378.1414km how will you calculate the semi major
axis.
(ii)Summarize how you will determine the look angles for the geostationary
orbits. What are known as sun-synchronous orbits.
(i)How will you determine the sub satellite point
(ii)Write a brief note on launch vehicles and propulsion
(i) Explain about the various orbit perturbations.
(ii) With a neat sketch show the various stages involved in satellite launch.
Derive from basic principles, the orbital velocity of a satellite and calculate
the same if it is a circular orbit.
What are look angles explain how look angles are determined using sub
satellite points. Derive the necessary expression for look angles.
Give a detail note on bunching vehicles and the procedure employed for
launching space craft in GEO orbits.

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How are the satellite positions estimated using the sub-satellite points.
for satellite services
OmSakthi
(ii)Explain the Keplers law of planetary motion

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DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION

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UNIT 2
PART A QUESTIONS
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QUESTION

Why the operation near the saturation point of a TWTA is to be

avoided when multiple carriers are being amplified
simultaneously

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What is meant by antenna noise temperature and system noise

temperature referred to
State the principle of pattern multiplication.
What are the conditions to end fire array pattern?
Define pattern multiplication.
Why is loop antenna is called as magnetic dipole?
PART B QUESTIONS
(i) Starting from fundamentals develop the Friis transmission
equation for a satellite system. Discuss about the various noise
sources which affects a satellite link design and develop the
expression for C/N ratio at the input of an Earth station
demodulator.
(ii) In a link budget calculation at 12 GHz the free space loss is
206 dB,the antenna pointing loss is 1 dB and antenna absorption
is 2 dB. The receiver G/T ratio is 19.5 dB/K and receiver feeder
losses are 1 dB. The EIRP is 48 dBW. Calculate the carrier-tonoise spectral density ratio.
What are the various elements used in the space segment of a

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satellite system? Explain the need and functions of each element

in the satellite system.
How do the TT and C subsystem perform abroad the space craft.
Also explain the working of the transponder unit.
Howis the performance of a satellite impaired due to external
factors? Also suggest suitable methods to overcome the same.
Discuss about the TT&C and AOCS subsystems with a neat block
diagram.
budget calculation and explain the various losses associated
with it.
satellite.
(i)With a neat sketch explain the various modules of attitude and
oribit control (AOCS) subsystem.
(ii)Derive the analytical expression for uplink CNR
In detail explain the various submodule and their functions of a
telemetry, tracking and command(TT&C) subsystem. Draw
required diagram.
With neat diagrams explain the attitude and orbit controlled
systems in the space segment
(i)Explain in detail about station keeping
(iii)Explain transponders in detail.

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UNIT 3
PART A QUESTIONS
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QUESTION
Distinguish between preassigned and demand assigned traffic.
What is frequency reuse in satellites?
When VSAT-type terminals involved CDMA offers several
advantages for satellite networking. What are they
Point out the function of (a) the burst code word and (b) the
carrier and bit-timing recovery channel in a TDMA burst
A 10-KHZ tone is used to frequency modulate a carrier , the peak
deviation being 75-KHZ. Use Carsons rule and estimate the
bandwidth required.
Give the reasons for implementing FDMA/TDM in satellite links.
What is mean by encryption
A satellite downlink at 12GHz operates with a transmit power of
6W and an antenna gain of 48.2 dB. Calculate the EIRP in dBW
What is intermodulation noise.

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PART B QUESTIONS
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QUESTION
(i) Explain the need for a reference burst and preamble in a TDMA
system. Describe and compare the channels carried in a preamble with
those carried in a reference burst.
(ii) Explain initial acquisition, burst synchronization, frame efficiency
in relation to TDMA operation. For a TDMA network,calculate the
frame efficiency given the following information.
Total Frame length=120,832 symbols
Traffic bursts per
frame=14
Reference bursts per frame=2
Guard interval=103
symbols
are these techniques used to minimize interference in CDMA systems?
Also determine it throughput.
(i)Describe the ways to which demand assignment may be carried out
in FDMA.
(ii)What is known as pre-assigned traffic
(i)Calculate the probability of false detection when N = 10 and d = 4
(ii)For digital video broadcast what type of multiple acees is best
suited. Justify
(i) Explain about the implementation of TDMA and its Frame structure
in detail.
(ii) How the schemes for compression and encryption are
implemented for satellite technology
how this is used to minimize interference in a CDMA system.
(i)In detail explain the satellite TDMA frame structure with neat
diagrams. Emphasize on all the important fields in the TDMA frame
and its associated function
(i)Elaborate on FDMA satellite networks. Putforth its advantages and
limitations with justification. Draw all required diagrams to
(ii)Explain the concept of compression in satellite links.
How does the system npoise temperature affect the performance.
Derive expression for overall system noise temperature at the
receiving earth station.
(i)Derive the link power budget equation.
(ii)Explain antenna misalignment losses.

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UNIT 4
PART A QUESTIONS
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QUESTION

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An antenna has a noise temperature of 35K and it is matched

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into a receiver which has a noise temperature of 100K.Calculate
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the noise power density and the noise power for a BW of 36 MHz.

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Give the reason for deploying a demodulator/remodulator unit in

a home television set when we want to function in a satellite
Tv/FM receiving system
What is known as polarization interleaving with reference to the
Why is the LNA in a satellite receiving system placed at the
antenna end of the feeder cable?
Calculate the gain and the effective area of a 30=m parabolic
antenna at a frequency of 4GHz.
What is the role played by duplexers
State the functions of a LNA. Where is it employed
Distinguish between preassigned and demand assigned TDMA
Satellite access.
Define frame efficiency
PART B QUESTIONS
Explain the principle behind spectrum spreading and
dispreading. How are these techniques used to minimize
interference in CDMA systems? Also determine it throughput.
Write notes on:
i) TVRO
II)Antenna gain
Show how MATV is used to provide reception of DDS to a small
group of users. When this group is large what type of antenna
should be used. Explain
Analyse the functioning of transmit receive earth stations. With
a block diagram explain how the redundant earth station
functions
Write short notes on the following:
i)TVRO
ii)MATV
iii)CATV
With a neat block diagrams explain the transmitter,receiver and
antenna systems involved in earth station.
With neat diagram explain the procedure for measuring critical
satellite parameters like C/N0 and G/T. emphasise on the
significance of these parameters.
In detail explain the block diagram representation of a typical
digital earth station . give the block diagrams.
(ii)Compare the various satellite access technique
With neat diagrams explain the functioning of SPADE systems

UNIT 5
PART A QUESTIONS

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What is DBS?

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When the available bandwidth is 500MHz how many transponder

each of bandwidth 24MHz can be accommodated
internet traffic

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List out the popular INTELSAT series

Mention the application of INMARSAT systems
Name some multiple access technique.
What is GIS
PART B QUESTIONS
(i) Discuss in detail about the GPS and GSM Mobile satellite
services.
(ii)Write notes on : LEO and MEO.
Write in detail the satellite services like E-mail, Video
Enumerate how GSM and GPS deploying. Satellite have improved
the mobility of the customers.
Write short notes on the specialized services offerd by satellite
for video conferencing e-mail and internet.
Explain how are satellites deployed for GSM and GPS services.
(i) Descrbe the operation of a typical VSAT system with
necessary sketches.
(ii) Write about INTELSAT, INSAT and INMARSAT.
In detail discuss on a complete and detailed overview on various
mobile satellite services, Provide all required diagrams
Give a detailed note on
i) DTH and World space receivers
(i)What is GIS? Explain in detail the components of GIS
(ii)List the applications of remote sensing and GIS
(i)Explain how image enhancement and filtering is carried out in
satellite images
(ii)Write short note on GPS.

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