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PROJECTED

AV AIDS

OVER HEAD PROJECTOR

COMPUTER

SLIDE PROJECTOR

DVD PLAYER

SOUND FILM
PROJECTOR

FILM PROJECTOR
INTERNET
LCD

SLIDES

TAPE RECORDER
TELEVISION

VIDEO CASSETTS
RECORDER

COMPUTER

COMPUTER
DEFINITION:
The computer is gradually becoming a more
powerful tool for education purpose. Initially the
use of computer was limited to assessing with
regular learning programmes, such as
mathematics exercise, but today its
sophistication levels have increased significally.
ADVATAGES OF COMPUTER IN EDUCATION:

It provides a variety of situations for storing,


processing & receiving data.
It provides the traditional well-tried educational
system.
The internet allows people from around the world to
share knowledge, ideas and experience in any field.

DVD PLAYER

DVD PLAYER
DEFINITION:
DVD Player is a device that plays discs produced
under both the DVD audio techniques; this means that
you will have a lot of choice when it comes to players
and hardware.
ADVATAGES:
DVD Player with region coding was becoming an issue to
users who wanted variety in their DVD Players.

As discussed, there are different numerical codes for every


group of countries.
It is important to know these advantages to help users
decide if buying the device in worth the money.

FILM PROJECTOR

FLIM PROJECTOR
DEFINITION:

The class room teaching can be made interested by


showing films and creating an environment of reality
should be used in the projector.
GUIDELENCE FOR USING FILM PROJECTOR:
Check the room layout & locate light switches &dimmers.
Films must be shown in darkened room.
Plan what will be done if the equipment breaks.
Make sure that media are compelling & interesting to the
target group.
Check the media for sound level and image clarify.

INTERNET

INTERNET
DEFINITION:
Internet is a new means of computer based
communication system has opened vast capacity of
transfer of knowledge and has made it possible to get

into direct & instant communication across the world by


means of e-mail & even on line-chart.
ADVANTAGES:
Powerful search engines.
The internet provides the ability of e-mails. Free
email service to anyone in the country.
News, of all kinds is available almost in
stantaneously.
Information at various levels of study.
Information on almost every subject imaginable.

LCD PROJECTOR

LCD PROJECTOR
DEFINITION:

Teaching has come a long way from class room


lectures to interactive sessions. Presentations and
workshops have made class room sessions liveliness.
ADVATAGES OF LCD PROJECTOR:
The use of LCD serves a lot of time.
Using LCD projectors allows educations to reach
students with multiple approaches
Anything available on an individuals computer can
be projected onto a large class room screen.

OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

OVERHEAD PROJECTOR
DEFINITION:

Overhead transparencies are in expensive, easily


prepared and highly effective visual aids for target
group.
GUIDELINES FOR OVER HEAD PROJECTOR:

Write legibly with minimum letter size of 6mm.


Use pointer to focus the attention on a given project.
Use colors selectively to minis real ones.
Avoid all capitals in running matter.
Position the OHP before presentation.

SLIDE PROJECTOR

SLIDE PROJECTOR
DEFINITION:
A slide projector is a specialized projector which has
been designed to use with slides.

AADVANTAGES OF SLIDE PROJECTOR:


It can be held on screen as long as needed.
It can easily revise and updated.
It may be adopted to group or to individuals users.
Easily handled, stored and rearranged for various
user.
It is a convenient aid for making classroom teaching
interesting.

SOUND FILM PROJECTOR

SOUND FILM PROJECTOR


DEFINITION:

In this projector a projects successive frames from a


reel of film to create moving room over 25 feet long with
sound system and cinema projector.
ADVATAGES:
16mm motion pictures projector care and
maintenance.
35mm film projector start sound effects.
16mm motion picture projector operating techniques.
The rear-view mirror sound and communications.
Film to DVD 8mm, super 8mm & 16mm home movies
to DVD.

TAPERECORDER

TAPE RECORDER
DEFINITION:

A tape recorder is an excellent device to use for


rehearing a talk, especially when using over head
transparence slides.
ADVATAGES:
It provides the flexibility for the teacher to edit and
evaluate materials.
It can make lesson enjoyable when used along with
other subject matter.
It is easy to operate as it has only a few controls.
Easy to reach the information in evidence.

TELEVISION

TELEVISION
DEFINITION:

Educational television is the most visible and used


instructional media. When carefully designed and
produced, the broadcast lectures are very effective.
ADVANTAGES:
Provides opportunity for class room participation.
True representative of actual objective.
Match the level of maturity of students.
These are inexpensive.
These aids are locally available material as far as
possible.

VIDEOCAMERA

VIDEO CAMERA
DEFINTION:
The teacher needs to be familiarizing himself with the
parts of camera and its operation by carefully reading

the instructions book. She/he should practice the


various stages in taking a photograph listed there in
before putting a film in the camera.
GUIDELINES FOR USING VIDEO CAMERA:
Have the knowledge of using equipment and do
rehearsal before delivery.
Check the media for sound level and image clarify.
Load and advance the tape or film to the starting
point before the teaching begins.

VIDEOCASSETTS RECORDER

VIDEOCASSETTS RECORDER
DEFINITION:

They were originally designed to record commercially


broadcast television programmers. Video recordings
consist of moving pictures and sound.
ADVANTAGES:

Video can be shown in normal room lighting.


Video recording can be played many times.
It is easier to re-record.
Recording tape can be re-used.
Video cassette recorders are easier to operate.

ALBUM

ALBUM
DEFINITION:


Identification of learning disabilities the materials
of instructions represents the end and not the means
is a common error .Album is a teaching aid.
ADVANTAGES:
Friends without benefits, family guy review.
Complete your pain flow collection.
West demotes waves to one of greatest album ever
need.
Students work more interest and zeal.

CARTOON

CARTOON
DEFINITION:

A cartoon is a novel way of using pictures or


symbols for presenting a message or a point of view
concerning a personality, news, situations or events.

GUIDELINES FOR PREPARATION OF CARTOONS:


The cartoons should be appropriate size.
It should be according to educational level of students,
age, and experience.
Cartoon need to be instructive.
Cartoon should be interested and amusing.

CHARTS

CHARTS
DEFINITION:

Chart is visual presentation of diagram,


pictures, graph or words. it can be said that chart
is visual presentation of data, which as multiple
meaning.
GUIDELINES FOR PREPARETION OF CHARTS:

Select suitable words for writing on chart.


Words selected should be precise and
meaning to use too many words, as it makes
clumsy.
Highlights important points on chart.
The size of words should be appropriate.
Use effective colors.
CHALK BOARD

CHALK BOARD
DEFINITION:

A chalk board or black board is a reusable writing


surface chalk sticks made with calcium sulphate are
used for writing text.
GUIDELINES FOR PREPARATION OF CHALK BOARD:
Clean the chalkboard completely before starting
and avoid glare.
Dont speak while writing on the chalkboard.
Do not crowd the chalkboard with too much
matter.
Have the predecided plan for drawing and writing.
Determine the height of letters to be written on
the chalkboard by n=1/2depth of room/100.

DRAWING
DEFINITION:

The act of a person or thing that draws a graphic


representation by lines of an objects or ideas.
ADVANTAGES OF DRAWING:
It must then be left to the planner in thinkings
photography his map.
Drawing used as illustration for explanations.
Explain important events.
In this av aids helps in effective perceptual and
conceptual learning.

DRAWNIG

FLASH CARDS
DEFINITION:

Flash cards are a set of pictured paper cards of


varying sizes that are flashed on by one in a logical
sequence.
GUIDELINES FOR USING THE FLASH CARDS:
Letters should be large.
Diagrams should be simple.
Amount of information on each card should be
limited.
Give brief introduction about the lesson to the
students.
Flash cards in front of the class by holding it high
both your hands so that all the students.
Review the lesson by selectively using flashcards.

FLASH CARDS

GRAPH
DEFINITION:
Graph is the visual teaching aid for presenting statistical
data & contrasting the trends.

ADVANTAGES OF GRAPH:

It
It
It
It

is visually strong.
can easily compare two or three data sets.
can compare multiple continuous data sets easily.
helps to maintain the tpr chart.

GRAPH

HANDOUTS
DEFINITION:

When providing written test, remind the target group of


what you want tell them written communications should be
brief. the written material should be meaningful to the reader.
PURPOSE OF HANDOUTS:
To bring the key point in attention to participants during
class.
To distribute handouts prior to class as additional reading
material.

HANDOUTS

LEAFLETS
DEFINITION:

A printed sheet of paper containing or advertising and


usually distributed free.
CRITERIA FOR LEAFLETS:
The words written should be clear, concise, understandable
& short.
The sentence formed should not be too clumsy and
crowded.
The letter style should be attractive and bright.
The size of the paper should be less than 20-30cm in
length.
10-20cm in breath.

LEAFLETS

MODELS
DEFINITION:

Models is a three dimensional aid with desired flexible size,


complexity, safety and costly for effectively achieving in
stationed objectives.
ADVANTAGES OF MODELS:

Models are economical and effective.


Models can be used safely and conveniently.
Adequate flexibility & freedom is there in use of models.

MODELS

OBJECT
DEFINITION:

An object is the thing brought from its natural setting into


the classroom to supply the type of sensory experience that
will makes instructions meaningful.
ADVANTAGES OF OBJECT:
It arouses some interest among students in learning.
It makes teaching lively.
It heightens the reality in the classroom.
Students personal collection of objects can good source of
doing investigatory projects.

OBJECTS

PAMPHLETS
DEFINITION

A small booklet of leaflets containing information


or argument about single subjects.
CRITERIA FOR PAMPHLETS:
The background color and the colors used for
printing the letters should be contrast.
The sentence used should be less than 20-30cm in
length and 10-20cm in breath for size of letter.
The sentence used should be elected in the form
of points.
PAMPHLET

POSTERS
DEFINITION:

Posters can be made of a variety of materials and media


photograph, diagrams, word message or a combination of
these.
ADVANTAGES OF POSTERS:

Give spontaneity of flipcharts.


Posters are permanent.
These are portable.
Attract audience.
These can be used for simple or elaborative explanations.

POSTERS

PUPPETS
DEFINITION:

The word puppet today means a figure which figure which


fits over the hand. like a glove and is operated from behind
below by the finger.

ADVANTAGES OF PUPPETS:
It develops cco-operation among children.
Puppets can assist children with special educational needs.
Children develop their imagination by providing the
puppets with speech.

PUPPETS

SPECIMENS
DEFINITION:

A specimen is a part of an object. it may be a sample


that shows quality of structure.
ADVANTAGES OF SPECIMENS:
Students power of observation and firsthand experience is
enhanced by collection of specimen.
Specimens involve all the five sense in the process of
learning.
It heightens the reality in the classroom.
It makes teaching lively.

SPECIMENS

CONCLUSON:
Av aids are very useful for the teaching process they
are facilitators for making an explanation.

We are living today in arich and sophisticated audio


visual environment.
Av aids are the best tool for making teaching effective
and the best.
Av aids are those devices which are used in classroom
to encourage teaching learning process & on the basis of
findings.
Av aids of the English language are a helpful subject
because the teacher can bring in different ways.