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What is the basic principle of compressor?

Air compressors collect and store air in a pressurized tank, and use pistons and
valves to achieve the appropriate pressure levels within an air storage tank that
is attached to the motorized unit. There are a few different types of piston
compressors that can deliver even air pressures to the user.
Automotive compressors are combustion engine compressors that use the upand-down stroke of the piston to allow air in and pressurize the air within the
storage tank. Other piston compressors utilize a diaphragm, oil-free piston.
These pull air in, and pressurize it by not allowing air to escape during the
collection period.
These are the most common types of air compressors that are used today by
skilled workers and craftsmen. Before the day of motorized engines, air
compressors were not what they are today. Unable to store pressurized air, a
type of antique air compressor may be found in the blacksmith's foundry bellows.
Function of a Compressor

A compressor increases the pressure of a gas. This means that reduces the
volume of the gas and increases its density without turning that gas into a
liquid. Compressors can do this in a number of ways. However, the
commonality between all compressors is the fact that they all use some
sort of fuel, such as gasoline or electricity, to power whatever compression
method they use. Also, because the compressor increases the pressure on
the gas, it increases the temperature of the gas. Many other types of
compressors are used for various chemicals and fuels that require

Centrifugal Compressors

Centrifugal compressors use a spinning rotor to drive gases to the outside

of the rotor and expel or store the gases at higher pressures than before
they entered the compressor. This rotor in the compressor is known as an
impeller. It is basically a fan blade stored inside a housing with two open
ends. The fan blade is spun by a motor. The impeller sucks in air through
one opening and practically spins the air to the outside of the housing.
This spinning actions causes the air's volume to decrease as the air is
forced to the outside of the impeller. The air is then expelled, just as in a
normal fan, out the other end of the impeller. This released air must be
contained or used immediately to maintain its pressurized state.

Reciprocating Compressors

A reciprocating compressor uses a crankshaft to turn pistons used to

compress air. These compressors look a lot like car engines and operate in

a similar manner except for the fact that the compressed air does not
explode. The compressors can use multiple pistons and can generate air
compressed at extremely high pressures. These compressors are the most
commonly found compressors on portable air compression units.