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What is radiation?

According to silverio (2012)radiation is a heat transfer by electromagnetic waves. [1] While according to
tippens (2008) radiation is define to the continuous emission of energy in the form of energy in the form of
electromagnetic waves originating at the atomic level [2]. Then as stated by Felicia and Pinar (2006)
radiation is define as the transfer of energy in the form of the invisible waves. [3]

2 types of radiation
Non-ionizing Radiation
Non-ionizing radiation ranges from extremely low frequency radiation, shown on the far left through the
audible, microwave, and visible portions of the spectrum into the ultraviolet range.
Ionizing Radiation
Higher frequency ultraviolet radiation begins to have enough energy to break chemical bonds. X-ray and
gamma ray radiation, which are at the upper end of magnetic radiation, have very high frequencies (in the
range of 100 billion billion Hertz) and very short wavelengths of about 1 picometer (1 trillionth of a meter).

15 forms of radiation
1. Ultraviolet light- the lower part of the spectrum of ultraviolet, called soft UV, from 3 eV to about 10
eV, is non-ionizing
2. Visible light- light, or visible light, is a very narrow range of electromagnetic radiation of a
wavelength that is visible to the human eye, or 380750 nm which equates to a frequency range of
790 to 400 THz respectively
3. Infrared- Infrared (IR) light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 0.7 and 300
micrometers, which corresponds to a frequency range between 430 to 1 THz respectively.
4. Microwave- Microwaves are electromagnetic waves with wavelengths ranging from as short as one
millimeter to as long as one meter, which equates to a frequency range of 300 GHz to 300 MHz
5. Radio waves- Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the
electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light.
6. Very low frequency (VLF)- Very low frequency, or VLF, refers to a frequency range of 30 Hz to 3 kHz
which corresponds to wavelengths of 100,000 to 10,000 meters respectively.
7. Extremely low frequency (ELF)- Extremely low frequency (ELF) is radiation frequencies from 3 to 30
Hz (108 to 107 meters respectively). In atmosphere science, an alternative definition is usually
given, from 3 Hz to 3 kHz
8. Thermal radiation (heat)- Thermal radiation is a common synonym for infrared radiation emitted by
objects at temperatures often encountered on Earth.
9. Black-body radiation- Black-body radiation is an idealized spectrum of radiation emitted by a body
that is at a uniform temperature.
10. Ultraviolet radiation-Ultraviolet of wavelengths from 10 nm to 125 nm ionizes air molecules, and
this interaction causes it to be strongly absorbed by air, ozone (O3) in particular. Ionizing UV

therefore does not penetrate Earth's atmosphere to a significant degree, and is sometimes referred
to as vacuum ultraviolet.
11. X-ray- are electromagnetic waves with a wavelength less than about 109 m (greater than 3x1017
Hz and 1,240 eV).
12. Gamma radiation- Gamma () radiation consists of photons with a wavelength less than 3x10,11
meters (greater than 1019 Hz and 41.4 keV).
13. Alpha radiation- Alpha particles are helium-4 nuclei (two protons and two neutrons).
14. Beta radiation- eta-minus () radiation consists of an energetic electron.
15. Neutron radiation- Neutron radiation consists of free neutrons. These neutrons may be emitted
during either spontaneous or induced nuclear fission

3 main fields of discipline that uses radiation

Medical Uses-hospitals, doctors, and dentists use a variety of nuclear materials and procedures to diagnose,
monitor, and treat a wide assortment of metabolic processes and medical conditions in humans.

Industrial Uses- In irradiation, for instance, foods, medical equipment, and other substances are exposed to
certain types of radiation (such as x-rays) to kill germs without harming the substance that is being
disinfected and without making it radioactive.

Nuclear Power Plants-Electricity produced by nuclear fission splitting the atom is one of the greatest uses
of radiation. As our country becomes a nation of electricity users, we need a reliable, abundant, clean, and
affordable source of electricity. We depend on it to give us light, to help us groom and feed ourselves, to keep
our homes and businesses running, and to power the many machines we use.

[1] Felicerta, C., & Pinar, L. (2006). Breaking Through Integrated Science . Quezon: E & C.
Radiation: Non-Ionizing and Ionizing. (2014, december 4). Retrieved from radiation protection:
Silverio, A. (2012). Physics: exploring life through science . Quezon : Phoenix .
Tippens, P. (2008). Physics the 7th edition . New york : Mc Graw Hill.
Uses of Radiation. (2014, October 17). Retrieved from United states regulatorycommission :