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JV GARBOLI

CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

METHOD STATEMENT
BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE

Method statement

BITUMINOUSE LAYERS:
BASE COURSE TYPE AB 2

OCTOBER 2006

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 0 / 8

JV GARBOLI
CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

METHOD STATEMENT
BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 1 / 8

1.Purpose
The Method Statement purpose is specification of actions, technological stages, of
machinery and materials used to the laying of the hot composition of mixtures for base course.

2.Field
The procedure is to be used for the bituminous mixture type AB 2 prepared with hot
bitumen laid as base course as by SR 7970 - 2001, and SR 174/1-2002; 174/2-1997.

3.Definitions
Technical terms, notations according to STAS 4032/1 - 90, SR 7970/2001, SR 174/1-2002,
174/2-1997.

4.Reference docs (standards, technical norms)


4.1 Execution design with afferent execution details
4.2 Work tasks book
4.3 Mentioned standards: SR 174/1-02; SR 174/2-97, STAS 7970 - 01, STAS 4032/1 - 90

5.Responsibilities
1.6.1. Work head is responsible to correct application of procedure and of technical
execution documentation, of job attributions afferent quality records and its evidence.
1.6.2. Quality control responsible (CQ) on work, follows the correct application of this
procedure, of execution design, correct elaboration of quality records (laying
thickness, temperatures, etc) and its evidence.
1.6.3. Machinery mechanics and formation electricians are responsible for assurance and
working of machinery (mechanical broom, vibrating pavers, smooth compactor and
rubber - Tyrell roller) mixture laying afferent and executed surfaces finished.
1.6.4. Formation laboratory are responsible for tests taking out samples and
verifications, correct elaboration of quality records in standardized docs of laboratory,
of imposed by tasks book records, before and during of work execution, and their in
time and operative presentation to implicated parts.

6.Procedure
6.1. Preliminary conditions
Assurance that the site has the laying spot, execution details and present procedure.
Existing of the mix design approved by Engineer.
The work spot personal are trained to know the execution projects, task book, and standard
machinery using way specific for this type of works and of present technical execution
procedure stipulation.

JV GARBOLI
CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

METHOD STATEMENT
BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 2 / 8

Assurance on site the materials, machinery tools and necessary instruments of road surface
laying and finishing.
Existing of quality records forms stipulated in task book.
Existing of orders forms, materials transport respectively (order tickets, transport tickets),
mixture transport including.
Existing of quality records for base course, official report of quality reception respectively,
(verification on stratum compaction and level heights) for the laying sections.
6.2. Preventive actions
The training and observing that the execution personnel uses protection equipment, utilizing
will be followed, overall, protective helmet, wood sole sandals according to work security
technique in force.
The knowledges by the executing personnel of protection work will be verified also of PSI
norms and especially of under traffic execution work norms, particularly when the laying is
executed on the half of carriageway.
Before of laying starting will be verified the suitability of site signing for public traffic.
6.3. Execution
6.3.1. Preparatory works
The bituminous mixture laying on the designed lane will be allowed only after the following
operations are effectuated:
Reception of support stratum according to tasks book stipulations.

Surveying checking of final heights, of support stratum surface slope and elaboration of
quality records by official quality reception report by works stages confirmed.
Support stratum preparation .

Verifying and adjustment for work to the designed parameters of laying and compaction
machinery.
6.3.2. Laying of bituminous mixture on a trial section.
Testing will be made on the experimentally road section of at least 250 to of mixture with
purpose establishment in the site connections of following necessities:
1.1.
Means (machinery) of laying and their work parameters adjustment;
1.2.
Optimum composition of compaction workshop, devices and components machinery
adjustment
1.3.
Compaction conditions (compaction parameters, number of passing, compaction degree) to
have the stipulated compaction degree from the standards and tasks book
1.4.
If the stipulated compaction degree is not realized, a new test will be done, changing the
work conditions by thickness laying modifications, of laying temperature or of the laying
workshop used.
1.5.
The part of the experimental road section executed, with the best results, especially
regarding the compaction degree, will take in account as a reference section for the other
part of work.

JV GARBOLI
CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

METHOD STATEMENT
BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 3 / 8

6.3.3. Preparing the layer support stratum


The following stipulations as a general prescription of execution will be considered to the
bituminous mixture laying:
1.1.
Before laying, the support stratum will be verified to the designed heights adjusted like in
the execution project
1.2.
All deficiencies are rectified, then the support stratum surface is cleaned obligatory and
the work joint are primed.
1.3.
The support stratum priming must be uniform sprayed with special device on which the
binder quality per m can be adjusted according to the support stratum nature.
1.4.
In case that the support system presents degradations (cracks) the totally cover of its
surface with geo synthetic reinforced is necessary.
1.5.
The support stratum surface to which the bituminous pavement are laying has to be dry
and clean.
6.4. The priming
It is compulsory on the whole surface before laying bituminous pavements with closed
surface. Also, this is executed for the connection stratum in order to achieve linking of the two
layers. According to the support stratum nature the 0,3 - 0,5 kg/ mp residual bitumen will be used
for priming
After priming, the necessary time for solvent volatilization (emulsion breaking) must pass.
In case of open bituminous surface the priming must be done to the internal faces of kerb
and work joints too.
6.5. Laying
6.5.1.
At laying, the minimum temperature stipulated is necessary to be achieved according to
the enclosed table.
6.5.2.
In accordance to SR 174/1&2 stipulations, the mixture laying must be done by mechanical
means, with a finisher that has a good pre compaction, and that can follow the designed
levels and cross fall. Only in the exceptional cases, the manual laying is permitted (narrow
spaces). In this case, the unloading of mixture is to be done in successive piles, the
mixture laying in this case is to be by the slave transport and from slave with shovel (not
by throw) levelling will be mode with rake and the transverse profile achievement with
pattern, which, for verification, move in the road length supported by the height moulds
adequate height, before compaction, the mixture thickness is to be 20% higher the
prescribed thickness for the compacted stratum.
6.5.3.
Checking with a 3 meter straight edge are to be effectuated after the first passing of the
roller, than the surface corrections are effectuate, to achieve adequate uniting of new
laying mixture with before laying mixture, rolling being continuity after that.
6.5.4.
In case of mechanical means, the uniform laying of mixture is followed to have by pre
compaction a levelled surface, which needs the minimum corrections. In this sense the
pedestrian and vehicle traffic are forbidden on laid but no compacted mixture.
6.5.5.
For the plants of 30 - 40 t/hour capacity, using a mechanic finisher is compulsory to
achieve the spreading, levelling, heating, vibration works so achieving a pre compaction.
6.5.6.
Using pavers with vibratory beam is compulsory because without vibration, levelling is
only apparent, at the surface, but inside the mixture is non uniform, during the rolling
unevenness can appear and corrections are necessary, the quality of road surface is
reduced regarding smoothness.

METHOD STATEMENT

JV GARBOLI
CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE
6.5.7.

6.5.8.

6.5.9.

6.5.10.
6.5.11.
6.5.12.
6.5.13.
6.5.14.
6.5.15.

6.5.16.

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 4 / 8

The laying rate must be in such a way dimensioned, in corroboration with mixture plant
rhythm, so that laying could be achieved without stopping. The pavers must establish
laying levels by electronic devices with sensors or with stretched thread, or skate and it
can work on variable width 2,5 - 12,5 cm.
After pavers adjustment checking regarding laying thickness, the height and slope of
project profile which has to be achieved, any modifications during the work is not
permitted, only in case these have to be adapted to project or tasks book. The
modifications have to be adapted to task book and project. Modification has to be made
gentle graduated without shocks, in accordance with pavers speed, avoiding the Passover
of limit positions of stipulated by project beam, to avoid the return.
The laying on the whole road width is preferable, with a single paver, or by two pavers, in
parallel. In this case or when the mixture is transported in reverse direction of laying, the
average distance between them have to be about 5 m but not more then 30m. When the
mixture is transported on the road executed in laying direction, the distance between
pavers, have to permit passing of transport means over compacted mixture. When these
are not possible the work will be executed on traffic lane with suitable width, the
narrowest lane being executed the first.
On the level stretch sections or with small declivity, where transverse profile in unique
slope, in rainy period, the upper lane will be first executed to avoid the rains water
accumulation which could appear in case of executed the lower lane at first.
On declivities, the mixture is laid in climb sense.
Joint between lanes will be placed staggered comparative with the support stratum joint,
at least 10 - 20 cm. When three lanes covers the total width, it will have to be avoided that
the median lane be last executed.
In outstanding cases, in cold weather period, asphalt can be laid on short length and for
compaction machinery width.
When work is resumed on adjoining lane, the edge of previous executed lane is primed
with bituminous emulsion. Using the bituminous fluxed with solvent is admitted only
when emulsion isnt disposable, and in small quantities.
When the work is resumed on the same lane, extremity is cut on the whole thickness, 20 30 cm. of portion is eliminated, or, at laying finish, a wood role with the compacted
stratum thickness is transversal putted, with will support mixture during compaction. The
achievement of mixture key with 1,5 slope is preferable. This key is remove to work
resuming on the same lane.
Successive stratum will not be stopped in the same transverse profile but with at least 15 20 cm. staged.

6.6. Compaction
3.1.
General remarks
3.1.1.
To the bituminous mixture laying compaction the temperatures by the table below
Bitumen
D 60 / 80
D 80 / 100

The mixture temperature (C)


At the plant
165175
160170

At laying
min. 155
min. 150

Maximum temperature during


compaction (C)
At the beginning
At the end
min. 150
min. 110
min. 145
min. 105

JV GARBOLI
CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

METHOD STATEMENT
BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE
3.1.2.
3.1.3.

3.1.4.

3.1.5.
3.1.6.
3.1.7.
3.1.8.

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 5 / 8

The compaction is very important because this operation influences directly the stratum
service life. When the compaction is performed at 125 - 130 0C, good compaction results
are obtained with small compaction energy.
The compaction is indispensable in the laying mixture to obtain the optimum physical mechanical characteristics values and of deformability (apparent specific weight, voids
percent, compression resistance, high temperature stabilizing, deformation and elasticity
modulus) and a good road surface, assuring the quality and durability for the road system.
The following factors influences the compaction quality:
o mixture laying
o laying method (mechanical, manual)
o compaction machinery features (weight, speed, station, vibratory,
metallic smooth rollers, rubber - tyre roller)
o the compaction plant structure
o working temperatures (laying and compaction, mixture type)
During the mixture laying, the scope is to achieve a homogeneous compaction, no surface
will be less rolled than other, in order to avoid cooling.
If a mixture bellow 70 C chilled is insufficient compacted, although initial a suitable
surface as planarity are achieved such surface in time are roughened under compaction
effect due to traffic loading.
Basically the compaction is to be effectuated of straight line, the changing of rollers
direction must be done on compacted mixture where the roller leaves no traces.
In all cases, the rolling is to be fast executed in the single round to obtain the prescribed
compaction in the shortest time, on the hot mixture respectively. The mixture temperature
will be frequently verified to obtain a good leading of compaction system.

3.2.
Establishing the rollers passing number of for each work point.
At the site opening, an experimental road section will be executed with fresh mixture which
will be laid and compacted with existent rollers, to verify the necessary number of passing for
obtaining prescribed compaction, because these are direct influenced by the nature and composition
of mixture.
From executed road section, after mixture cooling (usually 24 h after compaction) the intact
cores will be took over (20x20 cm. or cylindrical cores), on which the compaction degree will be
determined in laboratory. The diagram compaction degree - number of passing in accordance to
prescribed compaction degree will be elaborated. This number of passing will be observed to
execution..
3.3.

Compaction workshop

The compaction workshop is composed from a rubber-tyre compactor type Bitteli RG 248 by
weight = 20 to and a metallic smooth roller type Bitteli Grifone DTV 100 by weight = 10 to.
The number of passes was established in the follow of executing of trial sector in the
presence and having the accord of the Engineer: 10 passes with rubber-tyre compactor and 4 passes
with metallic smoother compactor.
3.4.
1.

Compaction technology

The mixture has to be compacted in the shortest time after laying to benefit of advantages
gave by rolling to high temperature.

JV GARBOLI
CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

METHOD STATEMENT
BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 6 / 8

The compaction will be effectuated in road length from the edge to axis. Each roller run
will be superposed lateral with at least 10 cm above precedent run.
In case of work on half of lane width, when the work on the second half is beginning, the
finished edge of mixture will be primed and the compaction will be started from
longitudinal joint . In the same way will restart the work after interruption.
The work joints of the superposed stratum will be staggered at least 10 cm face to face.
The roller will execute long passing. First passing will be done with law speed 2 4 Km/h
and follow passing with higher speed 4 6 Km/h. The 6 Km speed will not be surpassed,
because mixture stratum could be pulled out.
Running inversion and direction changing will be progressive effectuated with out
shocks, for avoiding the waving in face of rollers. Stopping in the road lengths will be
staged between them.
Unevenness which appear in face on surface will be corrected by mixture addition,
levelling with rake and verified by template after first pass of the roller.
Avoiding of hot mixture adhesion to metallic smooth rollers will be assured by their
wetting them.
6.5. Compaction degree
6.5.1. Compaction degree is a relative dimension which defines compaction efficiency
and is obtained by the report of apparent density of compacted mixture
determined according STAS 1338/2 - 87 by taking out samples by stratum, to
apparent density determined in standard conditions by Marshall laboratory
sample cylindrical, from the same mixture.
6.5.2. After finishing the compaction, the bituminous mixture stratum has to have an
compaction degree at least:

Minimum compaction
degree (%)
96
96
100

Layer
Base, levelling
Binder
Wearing

6.6. Compaction control on site


6.6.1. Operative the control is effectuated by monitoring of prescribed passing number
for rollers.
6.6.2. For laboratory testing, periodically will be token core sample, for determining
the achieved compaction degree according with par.6.6.5.2. The cores will be
sampled 24 hours after compaction.
6.6.3. Fast determination can be done with modern devices (i.e. gamma
densimeter).The compaction degree has to correspond to mentioned values in the
above table.

JV GARBOLI
CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

METHOD STATEMENT
BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE
6.7.

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 7 / 8

Checking of the asfhaltic mixture

6.7.1. Testing the laid bituminous mixtures temperature.


In accordance to SR 174/1-01; 167/2-97, the bituminous mixture must have at laying and
compaction the temperatures showed in table 1, according to binder type. Temperatures are verified
with different type of thermometers with maximum200 C (with mercury of thermocouple)
6.7.2. Verifying of road surface uniformity
After bituminous pavement execution, the uniformity of road surface is made:
- longitudinal profile
- transversal profile
Measurement of in a transversal and longitudinal profile is done using a 3 meter straight
edge. The straight edge is moved in the length of road upon two generators situated at 1 m and 2m
to carriage way edge.
The unevenness in mm by gradation key introducing it between straight edge and pavement
surface are noticed in a table.
The road surface is suitable if the number of profiles in which the measured unevenness
over running maximal allowed unevenness (see the table below) is under 5% from the number of
measured profiles, and these unevenness are not continuous.
6.7.3. Measuring longitudinal profile using topographic apparatus.
The topographic apparatus using (level or theodolite) permit o very exact certification of
road longitudinal profile. The measuring of longitudinal profile heights are achieved on a long axis
for roads and on the axis and channel for street. The measuring done after works determination
represent the longitudinal profile of road. Usually precision of measuring is 1mm

7. Records
Request for inspection
Produced mixture registry.
Daily command.
Temperature registry at plant.
Temperature registry in situ.
Transport tickets.
Testing reports for physical-mechanical characteristics Marshal.
Testing reports on aggregates, bitumen, filler.
Testing reports for compaction degree on cores sample.
Testing reports for priming specific density.
Quality certificate registry for bitumen, filler emulsion, additives.
Quality Report for the prepare support stratum reception.
Quality Report for base stratum reception.
Quality Report for course reception.
Survey tables with performed levels.
Form F for acceptance of works for payment.
Nonconformity.

JV GARBOLI
CONICOS/TIRRENA
SCAVI

METHOD STATEMENT
BITUMINOUS LAYERS BASE COURSE TIPE AB 2

MEHADIA SITE

Code: ITE 13
Edition: 1
Revision: 0
Page: 8 / 8

8. RISK ASSESSMENT
LEGISLATION: - The Law no.90/1996 The Law of the protection of the work;
- Norms methodological by the applications of the law of the protection of
the works;
- General norms by the protection of the works;
- Specifies norms by safety of the works for works by the exploitation and the
care of the roads and bridges.
The workers involved in the activity describe is obligate to acquire the legislation and to wear the
equipment by protection.
The foreman has obligation to check the physical state of the workers and operators by machines
from the point by work, at beginning of the work and on the during day by work. At beginning of the
day-work make the daily instruction by protection.
The chief by motorcade is obligate to check the physical state of the drivers and to make the daily
instruction by protection of the work at beginning of the day-work.
The responsible with the safety make the periodic instruction (monthly) of the all staff.
Respect of the Plan of the Traffic Management, chapter 2.4 whereby mention :
- the staff which in zone of the carriage-way is obligated to keep reverberating vests;
- the signalizing of the work point shall be made as per schedule by signalizing approved by
N.A.R. and I.G.P. Bucuresti;
- on all sectors of road with reduced visibility is obligatory putting the pilots for street-traffic
control with reverberating vests, shunting signals and if is case emission receive stations;
- is interdicted the staying of the staff on the carriage-way without the work areas; the circulation
of the workers on public roads making on the left side, on shoulder, and when this miss, nearly by the
edge of carriage-way.

8. List of machines and gears:


- lorries Astra and Iveco (capacity by transport = 20 and22to) = 6 pieces.
- spreader Marini with vibrant beam.
- rubber Tyrell type Bittelli RG248, weight = 20 to.
- metallic smooth roller type Bitelli Grifone DTV100, weight = 10to.
- machine for spreading bituminous emulsion type Gutherm SPE 50, quantity by emulsion
spread = 0,5 3 kg/mp, in function of sped of the vehicle .

Responsible technical with execution


Dondas Mihai

Quality Manager,
Dutescu Daniel