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Special Report

Investing in Freedom:
An Analysis of the Obama Administration

FY 2011 Budget Request for

Democracy and Human Rights

April 2010
Sarah Trister is the primary author of this year‟s report. Freedom House Executive Director Jennifer
Windsor, Deputy Executive Director Thomas O. Melia, Director of Advocacy Paula Schriefer, and
Director of Programs Robert Herman provided expertise and guidance throughout the process. Analytical
background on recent democratic developments was provided by Freedom House publication Freedom in
the World. Extensive research, editorial, proofreading and administrative assistance was provided by
Melanie Dominski. Freedom House staff in Washington and in field offices around the world also offered
valuable regional input. For additional Freedom House Special Reports, please see
www.freedomhouse.org.

Freedom House is an independent watchdog organization that supports the expansion of freedom around
the world. Freedom House supports democratic change, monitors freedom, and advocates for democracy
and human rights.

Founded in 1941, Freedom House has long been a vigorous proponent of the right of all individuals to be
free. Eleanor Roosevelt and Wendell Willkie served as Freedom House‟s first honorary co-chairpersons.
Glossary of Acronyms

AEECA: Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia


BBG: Broadcasting Board of Governors
DA: Development Assistance
DCHA: Bureau of Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance
DRC: Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRL: Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor
EAP: East Asia and Pacific
ESF: Economic Support Fund
FY: Fiscal Year
GJ&D: Governing Justly and Democratically
INCLE: International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement
INL: Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement
MCC: Millennium Challenge Corporation
MEPI: Middle East Partnership Initiative
NED: National Endowment of Democracy
NERD: Near East Regional Democracy Program
NGO: Non-Governmental Organization
OAS: Organization of American States
OMEP: Office of Middle East Programs
PCCB: Political Competition and Consensus-Building
ROLHR: Rule of Law and Human Rights
SCA: South and Central Asia
USAID: United States Agency for International Development
USIP: US Institute of Peace
WH: Western Hemisphere
Table of Contents

Executive Summary……………………………………………………………………… 1
Recommendations for Congress…….…………………………………………………… 5
Overview of FY 2011 Foreign Operations Budget Request………………...…………..7
Foreign Assistance Accounts 8
FY11 GJ&D Funding by Region 10
Global Funding Mechanisms 11
International Organizations 12
Other Organizations 13

FY11 Top GJ&D Requested Assistance Levels……………………………………… 14


Rule of Law &Human Rights 16
Good Governance 18
Political Competition and Consensus-Building 19
Civil Society 20

Regional and Country Breakdowns…………………………………………………….. 21


South and Central Asia 21
Afghanistan 24
Pakistan 25
Western Hemisphere 27
Near East 30
Africa 33
East Asia and the Pacific 38
Europe and Eurasia 41

Appendix
Global Funding Mechanisms ii
South and Central Asia iv
Western Hemisphere viii
Near East xv
Africa xx
East Asia and the Pacific xxxii
Europe and Eurasia xxxvii
Executive Summary

The United States utilizes diverse tools to support efforts in other countries to strengthen democracy and defend human
rights, including bilateral and multilateral diplomacy, trade agreements and preferences, and through U.S. foreign
assistance. While the outcome of struggles around the world for greater freedom and better, more accountable governance
will be determined by the men and women of each country, democracy assistance from the international community can
abet those efforts, especially in conjunction with strong and supportive diplomacy. The annual foreign assistance request
to Congress provides insight into how priorities are being set within an Administration – and the importance placed on
democracy and human rights relative to other aspects of foreign policy and international development.

The budget request for the State Department and Foreign Operations for Fiscal Year 2011 is the second of the Obama
Administration. In the FY11 request for Governing Justly and Democratically (GJ&D), the Administration has requested a
record $3.3 billion for democracy and human rights programs, a 25% increase over last year‟s request, although the
majority of this increase is accounted for by growth in the proposed investment in Afghanistan. As a general proposition,
Freedom House believes that, given the mounting threats and challenges to democracy and human rights around the
world, and the consequences these have for other vital national interests, more funds should be made available to support
democracy and human rights.

In the FY11 request, democracy and human rights funding represents only 10% of total Foreign Assistance;
furthermore, it is less than one-tenth of one percent of the total amount requested in the budget submission.

Freedom House‟s Freedom in the World 2010 report found that 2009 was the fourth straight year in which more countries
saw declines in freedom than saw improvements, the longest continuous period of deterioration in the nearly 40-year
history of the report. This troubling trend has been further evinced by recent developments abroad such as the restrictions
on the free flow of information including the cyber-attacks against Google in China, the erosion of freedom of association
including brutal crackdowns against protesters in Egypt, the silencing of opposition in Venezuela, the criminalization of
defamation in Cambodia used to intimidate journalists, and more subtle and frequently legalistic forms of intimidation and
control against civil society around the globe.

While many countries throughout the world received small increases in the FY11 request, the vast majority of the
proposed funding increase is directed towards two countries: Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Of the total request, 47% of all GJ&D funding for FY11 is being directed towards Afghanistan and Pakistan. This
is a significant increase from the FY10 request, in which over a third (35%) of all GJ&D funding was directed
towards these two countries.
If funding for Afghanistan and Pakistan is removed, the FY11 request reflects a global decrease of $27.7 million,
or 1.5% from the adjusted FY10 request.
GJ&D funding for Afghanistan alone is more than GJ&D funding for the Western Hemisphere, Africa, East Asia
and Pacific, and Europe and Eurasia combined.

While the challenges posed by Afghanistan and Pakistan are formidable, and we believe that the American-led efforts in
those countries should include a major investment in strengthening the democratic character of governance and support
for fundamental rights, Freedom House is concerned that such large increases (and overall amounts) for any single
country may mean that funds are not utilized effectively. More broadly, the FY11 budget request in this respect continues
a long-term trend by the U.S. government of episodically requesting large amounts of assistance (including democracy

1
and governance assistance) for countries experiencing conflict, crises, impending elections, or that are emerging from
conflicts. These investments are all-too-often then abandoned quickly when attention moves elsewhere.

Of the 20 countries that receive the largest amounts of GJ&D funding in this request, eight countries are currently
experiencing conflict or are in a very recent post-conflict state.
The requests for Afghanistan, Iraq, Liberia, Pakistan, Sudan and West Bank/Gaza account for 60% of the total
GJ&D request.

Inevitably, large amounts of democracy funding for a small number of strategically important countries come at the
expense of support for democracy initiatives in countries at a crossroads in their democratic development. Fortunately,
there were increases for some countries that have made strides toward becoming stable democracies.

Appropriately, the FY11 request includes sizable requests for Mexico, Indonesia, Ukraine, Serbia, and Georgia,
all new democracies deserving of sustained support. Indeed, the largest percentage increase over the FY10
request was for Mexico (539%.)
Increases for a number of African countries that have made notable democratic progress - including Ghana, Mali,
and Tanzania - should be maintained.

There are other countries, however, where the governments are resisting citizen demands for reform and the engine of
progress resides in civil society and alternative political movements. It is therefore concerning to note that overall
funding to support civil society in the FY11 request shows a 14% decline from the FY10 estimated spending levels.
Greater investment in building the institutional capacity of deserving governments should not come at the expense of
strengthening citizen-led demand for accountable governance, as appears to be the case in several countries in the budget
justification. As assaults on freedom of association increase worldwide, abetted by schemes enacted by governments to
„legalize‟ suppression of independent groups, trade unions, associations and opposition political parties, the US should
increase and deepen its support for civil society activities, and for efforts to improve the legal and international operating
environment for them.

It is also disconcerting that efforts to support freedom of expression are not accorded greater prominence in the budget
proposal at a time when the world‟s leading authoritarian states have embarked on systematic efforts to diminish access to
information via the Internet and to curtail free speech more generally. Given the strong statements made in recent months
by the Secretary of State on these themes, one would have expected greater focus on these efforts in the budget proposal.

Not all efforts need to be highly technological – traditional outlets like radio and newspapers still play an important role
combating misinformation and strengthening support for democracy and human rights. While funding for the Voice of
America has increased in recent years, other vital government-supported broadcasting programs have been consistently
underfunded – notably Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, whose budgets have remained flat for more than a decade, a
period during which many of the societies served by these radio broadcasts have seen independent news reporting
eviscerated. RFE/RL broadcasts in 21 countries in 28 languages, including Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Central Asia, and parts
of Europe that doggedly remain autocratic. In these places, surrogate broadcasting – providing accurate and objective
news and information to people living in places where state-controlled media is otherwise their only option – needs to be
seen as a vital component of a comprehensive democracy assistance strategy.

Additionally, we are concerned that 50% of the Rule of Law and Human Rights request for FY11 is provided through the
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement account. This account is primarily aimed at combating transnational

2
crime and strengthening law enforcement. Programs in these areas may sometimes serve to strengthen the delivery of
justice and respect for human rights, but past experience demonstrates that this is often not the case.

The FY 11 request provides $59.8 million for USAID‟s Office of Democracy and Governance and $70 million for the
State Department‟s Bureau for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. These core centers of support for democracy and
human rights programming also require adequate resources to bolster their intellectual programmatic leadership in terms
of distilling lessons learned and best practices, and to provide funding to enable them to support global and regional
initiatives that often get short-shrift in an assistance framework otherwise built largely around bilateral, country-specific
programs.

Regional Summaries

South and Central Asia


While funding for GJ&D has been protected relative to the overall cuts in the Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central
Asia (AEECA) account, the primary avenue for US funding in the region, recent events in Kyrgyzstan provide a stark
reminder that the U.S. should focus more diplomatic and assistance efforts - not less - to support democracy and human
rights in Central Asia, which in recent years has become the most repressive sub-region in the world.

Western Hemisphere
The request for Western Hemisphere GJ&D funding increased 29% over the FY10 request, the vast majority of which is
reflected in the 130% increase for Mexico. Despite the overall increase, we are concerned to see that a number of
countries in the Andean region received decreases or no request at all, for civil society activities, including Venezuela,
Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia. Many of these countries face considerable challenges to freedoms of expression
and association and civil society groups need adequate resources in order to work against repressive policies. We are
particularly disappointed to see that there is no GJ&D funding requested for Bolivia at all.

Near East
The request for Near East democracy and human rights funding went down overall, but when dramatically reduced
funding for Iraq is taken into account, there is actually a 10% increase over FY10 estimated levels. Although the request
for Iraq went down 45% from the FY10 request, the country remains the region‟s largest GJ&D recipient, with $175
million for FY11. Freedom House urges Congress and the Administration to continue to closely monitor GJ&D spending
in Iraq to ensure that money is being spent efficiently and is meeting citizens‟ needs.

The issue of democracy-related funding with respect to Egypt is of particular concern as the environment there becomes
increasingly restricted – as evidenced by recent crackdowns against political activists, bloggers, and journalists. GJ&D
funding for Egypt has gone down considerably over the past decade and although the Administration had last year
indicated that the decreases in democracy support in the bilateral USAID program in Egypt would be off-set by increased
funding from the State Department‟s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL) and Middle East
Partnership Initiative (MEPI), it is not clear that has been the case. Additionally, we have serious concerns about the US
Government decision to stop funding civil society groups not registered with the Egyptian Ministry of Social Solidarity,
essentially giving the Egyptian Government veto power over who receives funding from USAID. Not only is this decision
harmful to civil society groups in Egypt, it sets a dangerous precedent in terms of US Foreign Assistance.

Africa
While Freedom House welcomes the Administration‟s continued focus on democracy and human rights funding in Africa,
the total amount dedicated to these programs remains inadequate given the enormity of the challenge on that continent.

3
We would particularly like to see a shift in Africa away from the tendency to invest large amounts of democracy-related
resources in conflict countries, which, given budget realities, inevitably means fewer funds are available for countries that
are at a critical juncture in their democratic development. We urge the Congress to be mindful of these vast needs when
deliberating on the appropriations request, as in previous years a plethora of earmarks for other worthy causes has
crowded out the ability for USAID, in particular, to be able to respond to political development needs and opportunities.

East Asia and the Pacific


The East Asia and Pacific region has the smallest GJ&D request of any region, with only 3% of the overall FY11 GJ&D
request. This modest amount hardly reflects the dismal state of democracy and human rights in the region, with two
countries (Burma and North Korea) appearing on our Worst of the Worst list, and another two countries (China and Laos)
that consistently rank near the bottom of our Freedom in the World ratings. More than half of the world‟s people living in
Not Free countries live in China and this deserves a greater investment of strategic planning and resource allocation.

Europe and Eurasia


Though there was a small decrease (3.3%) in the request for Europe and Eurasia compared to the FY10 request, Freedom
House is encouraged to see that the Administration has for the most part continued to fund democracy and human rights
programs in the region. We were pleased to see increases in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Moldova, and
Montenegro.

The growing challenges to fundamental freedoms, and the assiduous efforts by many authoritarian and even nominally
democratic governments to impugn and marginalize critics, means that the United States ought to be intensifying and
expanding its effort, in tandem with the other democracies, to provide support to those who are taking the greatest risks to
advance the cause of freedom in their respective countries. Mindful of the limits of American ability to influence
outcomes in so many places, because the men and women of each country are really the authors of their democratic
development, we at Freedom House believe that the overall U.S. investment in support of freedom, democracy and human
rights, should be enlarged overall.

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Summary of FY11 Budget Recommendations for Congress
Global
USAID Bureau of Democracy, Conflict, and Human Rights (DCHA): Freedom House is concerned to see a
decrease in the request for USAID‟s Bureau of Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA)
and would encourage Congress to increase DCHA‟s funding to at least match, if not exceed, FY10 estimated
levels. These funds are vital in providing support to cross-border and cross-regional initiatives, encouraging the
sharing of lessons learned, and responding to rapidly emerging country situations. That increase should include
$10 million for core and institutional support for groups focused on core human rights (including freedom of
association and expression) and access to justice.

State Department Bureau of Human Rights and Labor (DRL): Freedom House recommends that that non-
earmarked funding for this Bureau should be increased and deployed strategically to address critical democracy
and human rights priorities that reinforce DRL‟s multilateral and bilateral diplomatic efforts. Additionally, we
recommend that at least $10 million be allocated for Internet Freedom programs.

South and Central Asia


Regional: Freedom House urges Congress to refocus attention towards fostering democracy in the Central Asian
Republics which have experienced a precipitous decline in freedom and human rights over the past few years.
We believe the amount of funding dedicated to this region is inadequate in light of the serious challenges posed to
freedom there.

Kazakhstan: Freedom House recommends that at least $5 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Kazakhstan
through AEECA.

Kyrgyzstan: Freedom House recommends that at least $10 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Kyrgyzstan
through AEECA.

Uzbekistan: Freedom House recommends that at least $4 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Uzbekistan
through AEECA.

Western Hemisphere
Bolivia: Freedom House strongly disagrees with the Administration‟s decision to accede to the demands of the
Bolivian government to cut off all U.S. support for democracy and human rights in Bolivia in exchange for
allowing other development programs to continue. We recommend that at least $20 million be allocated in
GJ&D funds for Bolivia through DA and administered outside the bilateral aid framework if necessary.

Honduras: Freedom House recommends that at least $13 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Honduras
through DA.

Venezuela: Freedom House recommends that at least $5 million be allocated for Civil Society in Venezuela
through ESF.

Haiti: although the recent earthquake and its aftermath underscored the need to bolster state capacity, it would be
a mistake not to provide any significant assistance to civil society, human rights and political processes led by

5
non-state actors whose contributions will be vital to the reconstruction of Haiti. We urge the Congress to address
this aspect of the aid package for Haiti
Africa
Angola: Freedom House recommends that at least $9 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Angola through
DA.

Cameroon: Freedom House recommends that at least $2 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Cameroon
through DA.

Niger: Freedom House recommends that at least $2 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Niger through DA.

Uganda: Freedom House recommends that at least $8 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Uganda through
DA.

Zambia: Freedom House recommends that at least $5 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Zambia through
DA.

Near East
Near East Regional Democracy (NERD): Freedom House encourages Congress to specify at least $10 million
within NERD for Internet Freedom activities.

Jordan: Freedom House recommends that at least $22 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Jordan through
ESF.

Egypt: Freedom House strongly disagrees with the Administration‟s decision not to fund Egyptian Civil Society
Groups that are not registered with the Ministry of Social Solidarity and urges Congress to look into this decision
and what it may mean for future US foreign assistance to Egypt.

Yemen: Freedom House recommends that at least $3 million be allocated for Civil Society programs in Yemen
under ESF.

East Asia and Pacific


China: Freedom House recommends that at least $7 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for China through DA.

Indonesia: Freedom House recommends that at least $15 million be allocated for Rule of Law and Human
Rights programs for Indonesia through DA.

Europe and Eurasia


Azerbaijan: Freedom House recommends that at least $7million be allocated for Civil Society programs for
Azerbaijan under AEECA.

Russia: Freedom House recommends that at least $37 million be allocated in GJ&D funds for Russia through
AEECA.

6
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Governing Justly and Democratically*


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FY11 Foreign Assistance Request by The FY11 GJ&D request is the subject of this report.
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Consensus-Building, and
Governing Justly and Political Competition and Consensus-Building, and
Civil Society.
Democratically
Civil Society.

Rule of Law and Human Rights funding is meant to advance and protect individual rights as embodied by the
Rule of Law and Human Rights funding is meant to advance and protect individual rights as embodied by the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, promoting societies in which the state and its citizens are accountable to laws
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, promoting societies in which the state and its citizens are accountable to
that are publically promulgated, equally enforced, independently adjudicated, and consistent with international human
laws that are publically promulgated, equally enforced, independently adjudicated, and consistent with international
rights.
human rights.
Good Governance funding is meant to promote government institutions that are democratic, effective, responsive,
Good Governance funding is meant to promote government institutions that are democratic, effective, responsive,
sustainable, and accountable to citizens. Activities funded under this program support public participation and
sustainable, and accountable to citizens. Activities funded under this program support public participation and
oversight, measures that curb corruption, and separation of powers through checks and balances.
oversight, measures that curb corruption, and separation of powers through checks and balances.
Political Competition and Consensus-Building programs encourage the development of transparent and inclusive
Political Competition and Consensus-Building programs encourage the development of transparent and inclusive
electoral and political processes, as well as democratic, responsive, and effective political parties.
electoral and political processes, as well as democratic, responsive, and effective political parties.

Civil Society programs support the means through which citizens can freely organize, advocate, and communicate with
Civil Society programs support the means through which citizens can freely organize, advocate, and communicate
fellow citizens, members of their own and other governments, international bodies, and other elements of civil society.
with fellow citizens, members of their own and other governments, international bodies, and other elements of civil
*Descriptions
society. are from the FY 2011 State and Foreign Operations Congressional Budget Justification

*Descriptions are from the FY 2011 State and Foreign Operations Congressional Budget Justification
7
Foreign Assistance Accounts*
Every year Foreign Assistance is requested
through a number of accounts, which FY11 GJ&D Breakdown by Accounts
Congressional appropriators use when allocating
Economic Support
funding. Over the past few years the President‟s Fund
Budget Request has not broken down the Foreign
Assistance objectives by account so it has been 6%
10% International
difficult to determine through which accounts Narcotics Control and
11%
GJ&D funding was allocated. However, in the Law Enforcement
FY11 Request, the Obama Administration 14% 59%
Development
included an additional breakdown in the Assistance
Congressional Budget Justification which
specifies the account requests in addition to Assistance for Europe,
objective requests. The primary accounts for Eurasia and Central
Governing Justly & Democratically include Asia
Development Assistance, Economic Support Other
Fund, Assistance for Europe Eurasia and Central
Asia, and International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement.

Development Assistance funding is meant to advance programs in countries facing long-term development challenges.
Programs that are funded through this account represent the primary contribution of the United States toward
international efforts to realize the Millennium Development Goals and address critical global issues such as food security
and climate change.

The Economic Support Fund advances United States interests by aiding countries in their efforts to attain short- and
long-term political, economic, and security goals. These goals cover a range of activities including countering extremist
ideology, assisting in the development of effective, independent legal systems, supporting transparent governance, and
empowering citizens.

Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia funding promotes the United State‟s effort to assist countries in
Southern Europe and the former Soviet Union to become stable, pluralistic, and prosperous.

International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement funding advances country and global programs that combat
transnational crime. These programs attempt to close the gaps between law enforcement jurisdictions and to improve on
institutions that are currently weak or corrupt.

*Descriptions are from the FY 2011 State and Foreign Operations Congressional Budget Justification

8
Overview of FY 2011 Governing Justly and Democratically Request1
President Obama‟s FY 2011 Budget Request for Foreign Assistance totals $36 billion, including $3.3 billion for
Governing Justly and Democratically (GJ&D). The GJ&D request reflects a $669,829,000 increase (25.15%) over FY
2010 Estimated levels.2 Most of this increase relates to Afghanistan and Pakistan (Af-Pak.) If these countries are removed
from the equation, GJ&D funding in the rest of the world actually decreases by $27.7 million, or 1.5%, compared
with FY10 Estimated levels.

Much of the increase in GJ&D funding for FY11 was in the Good Governance Category, which is requested at $1.6
billion, or 48% of total GJ&D funding. This is largely due to the fact that the request for Good Governance funding for
Afghanistan is more than double the FY10 request and the FY10 estimated levels. The Political Competition and
Consensus-Building and Civil Society categories show decreases of 13% and 14% respectively from FY10 estimated
levels. Rule of Law and Human Rights Funding received an 18% increase over the FY10 request and a 25% increase over
the FY10 estimated levels.

Change Change
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 from FY10 From FY10
3 4
(In Thousands of $) Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
GOVERNING JUSTLY & 518,832 669,829
DEMOCRATICALLY 2,702,037 2,814,129 2,663,132 3,332,961 (18%) (25%)
143,252 160,456
Rule of Law and Human Rights 699,266 753,936 736,732 897,188 (19%) (21%)
539,635 638,212
Good Governance 1,088,383 1,074,354 975,777 1,613,989 (50%) (65%)
Political Competition and -105,679 -39,767
Consensus-Building 432,697 376,975 311,063 271,296 (-28%) (-12%)
-58,376 -89,072
Civil Society 481,691 608,864 639,560 550,488 (-10%) (-13%)

FY11 GJ&D Requests by Category FY10 GJ&D Estimates by


Political
Rule of Law Category
Competition Political
and Human Rule of Law
and Competition
Rights and Human
Consensus- and
27% Rights
Building Civil Society Consensus- 28%
8% 17% Building Civil Society
12% 24%

Good Good
Governance Governance
48% 36%

1
All charts and tables in this document list numbers in thousands of dollars.
2
Unless otherwise noted, FY10 Estimated Levels do not include the Administration‟s request for an FY2010 Supplemental Spending
Bill.
3
Change from FY10 Request is the difference between the FY11 Requested Amount and the FY10 Request.
4
Change from FY10 Estimate is the difference between the FY11 Requested amount and the estimated levels for FY10 as listed in the
Administration‟s Congressional Budget Justification.
9
FY11 GJ&D Funding by Region
(in thousands of $)
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change from FY10 Change from FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
South and Central Asia 1,163,037 1,063,465 945,460 1,645,158 581,693 (55%) 699,698 (74%)
Western Hemisphere 290,408 320,885 324,851 416,778 95,893 (30%) 91,927 (28%)
Near East 483,548 545,467 530,817 401,048 -144,419 (-26%) -129,769 (-24%)
Africa 263,765 346,920 305,622 348,886 1,966 (1%) 43,264 (14%)
East Asia and Pacific 89,100 100,801 109,165 96,905 -3,896 (-4%) -12,260 (-11%)
Europe and Eurasia 224,297 238,141 231,952 228,562 -9,579 (-4%) -3,390 (-1%)

Regional Overview
Europe and East Asia
Eurasia 7% and Pacific The FY11 GJ&D request for Afghanistan and Pakistan
3% is $1.6 billion, or 47% of total GJ&D funding. The
Africa
11% impact of the high funding levels for Af-Pak can be
seen when GJ&D funding levels are broken down
South and regionally.
Near East
13% Central
Asia South and Central Asia (which includes Afghanistan
53%
and Pakistan) represents 53% of regional GJ&D
funding, a 74% increase over the estimates for FY10,
not including the Administration‟s FY10 Supplemental
Western Request for Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq. GJ&D
Hemisphere funding for Afghanistan now exceeds GJ&D funding
13%
for the Western Hemisphere, Africa, East Asia and
Pacific, and Europe and Eurasia combined.

While the challenges posed by Afghanistan and Pakistan are significant, Freedom House is concerned that such large
increases in funding may not always be used effectively.

Elsewhere, the request would decrease funding for GJ&D in the Near East, East Asia and Pacific, and Europe and
Eurasia, while increasing it for Africa and the Western Hemisphere. The Near East decrease is largely due to a 47%
reduction in Iraq‟s requested funding levels from the FY10 request, although Iraq remains the fourth largest recipient of
GJ&D funds.

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Global Funding Mechanisms
Freedom House is concerned to see a decrease in the request for USAID‟s Bureau of Democracy, Conflict, and
Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA). Congress should increase DCHA‟s funding to match or exceed the FY10
estimated levels. These funds support cross-border and cross-regional initiatives, facilitate the sharing of lessons
learned within and outside of USAID, and enable the U.S. to respond to rapidly emerging situations. Given the erosion
of fundamental human rights of freedom of association and expression, DCHA should receive additional funding in
FY11 to counter these threats. While the GJ&D request for the State Department‟s Bureau of Democracy, Human
Rights, and Labor (DRL) remains at the same level as the FY10 request, Freedom House believes that non-
earmarked funding for this Bureau should be increased and deployed strategically to address critical democracy and
human rights priorities that reinforce DRL‟s multilateral and bilateral diplomatic efforts.

Change From
State Department Bureau of Democracy, FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 FY10From
Change Change From
Human Rights, andBureau
State Department Labor (DRL)
of Democracy, Actual
FY09 Request
FY10 Estimate
FY10 Request
FY11 Request
FY10 FY10 Estimate
Change From
Human Rights,
Governing and
Justly Labor
and (DRL)
Democratically Actual
79,000 Request
70,000 Estimate
70,000 Request
70,000 Request 0 FY10 Estimate0
Governing Justly and Democratically 79,000 70,000 70,000 70,000 10,750
0 10,750
0
Rule of Law and Human Rights 41,981 27,500 27,500 38,250 (39.09%)
10,750 (39.09%)
10,750
Rule
GoodofGovernance
Law and Human Rights 41,981
4,050 27,500
750 27,500
750 38,250
750 (39.09%)0 (39.09%)0
Good Governance
Political Competition/Consensus 4,050
9,100 750
7,000 750
7,000 750
7,000 0
0 0
0
Political Competition/Consensus 9,100 7,000 7,000 7,000 -10,7500 -10,7500
Civil Society 23,869 34,750 34,750 24,000 (-30.93%)
-10,750 (-30.94%)
-10,750
Civil Society 23,869 34,750 34,750 24,000 (-30.93%) (-30.94%)
Change from
USAID Bureau of Democracy, Conflict FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 FY10from
Change Change From
and
USAID Humanitarian Assistance Conflict
Bureau of Democracy, (DCHA) Actual
FY09 Request
FY10 Estimate
FY10 Request
FY11 Request
FY10 FY10 Estimate
Change From
and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA) Actual Request Estimate Request -26,550
Request -22,550
FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 68,526 86,350 82,350 59,800 (-30.75%)
-26,550 (-27.38%)
-22,550
Governing Justly and Democratically 68,526 86,350 82,350 59,800 (-30.75%) -8,750
(-27.38%)
Rule of Law and Human Rights 13,250 4,250 13,000 4,250 0 (-67.30%)
-8,750
Rule of Law and Human Rights 13,250 4,250 13,000 4,250 -24,9000 -2,160
(-67.30%)
Good Governance 10,657 37,540 14,800 12,640 (-66.33%)
-24,900 (-14.59%)
-2,160
Good Governance 10,657 37,540 14,800 12,640 -3,000
(-66.33%) -14,690
(-14.59%)
Political Competition/Consensus 30,565 23,810 35,500 20,810 (-12.60%)
-3,000 (-41.38%)
-14,690
Political Competition/Consensus 30,565 23,810 35,500 20,810 1,450
(-12.60%) 3,050
(-41.38%)
Civil Society 14,054 20,650 19,050 22,100 (7.02%)
1,450 (16.01%)
3,050
Civil Society 14,054 20,650 19,050 22,100 (7.02%) (16.01%)
State Department Bureau for Change from
International Narcotics
State Department andfor
Bureau Law FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 FY10from
Change Change From
Enforcement
International (INL)
Narcotics and Law Actual
FY09 Request
FY10 Estimate
FY10 Request
FY11 Request
FY10 FY10 Estimate
Change From
Enforcement (INL) Actual Request Estimate Request 1,055
Request 915
FY10 Estimate
GJ&D Total 9,293 10,250 10,390 11,305 (10.29%)
1,055 (8.81%)
915
GJ&D Total 9,293 10,250 10,390 11,305 913
(10.29%) 835
(8.81%)
Rule of Law and Human Rights 8,908 9,822 9,900 10,735 (9.30%)
913 (8.43%)
835
Rule of Law and Human Rights 8,908 9,822 9,900 10,735 (9.30%) (8.43%)
142 80
Good Governance 385 428 490 570 (33.18%)
142 (16.33%)
80
Good Governance 385 428 490 570 (33.18%) (16.33%)

11
International Organizations

Also included in the Administration‟s GJ&D Request is funding for democracy and governance arms of international
organizations. Freedom House is particularly concerned that the Administration has requested no funds for the UN
High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Change From
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change from FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request Estimate
-9,000 500
UN Democracy Fund 3,000 14,000 4,500 5,000 (-64.29%) (11.11%)
UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of 1,110
Torture 7,100 6,000 7,100 7,100 (18.33%) 0
UN Voluntary Fund for Technical
Cooperation in the Field of Human -25
Rights 1,400 1,400 1,425 1,400 0 (-1.75%)
UN High Commissioner for Human -7,000
Rights 8,000 0 7,000 0 0 (-100.00%)
OAS Fund for Strengthening Democracy 3,500 3,000 3,000 3,000 0 0

12
Other Organizations

The overall request includes funding for a number of other organizations which, although their programs have an impact
on democracy and human rights, are not reflected in the GJ&D request. The NED has been a consistent and invaluable
source of support for democracy activists, and their status as a Congressionally-funded organization allows them to play a
complementary role to official U.S. foreign assistance efforts. The MCC provides incentives for countries to move
towards democracy and good governance through award of its compacts; many of its threshold programs are focused on
the GJ&D area. The work of the BBG, and its affiliates, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and Radio Free Asia, provide
critical sources of accurate information in repressive environments.
Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC)

Change from Change From


FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 FY10 FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
-145,300 174,700
Millennium Challenge Corporation 875,000 1,425,000 1,105,000 1,279,700 (-10.20%) (15.8%)

National Endowment for Democracy (NED)


Change from Change From
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 FY10 FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
5,000 -13,000
National Endowment for Democracy 115,000 100,000 118,000 105,000 (5%) (-11.01%)

Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG)


Change Change From
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 from FY10 FY10
Broadcasting Board of Governors Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
BROADCAST BOARD OF GOVERNORS 23,328 22,368
TOTAL 715,483 745,450 746,410 768,778 (3.13%) (2.99%)
22,956 21,355
International Broadcasting Operations 704,187 732,187 733,788 755,143 (3.14%) (2.91%)
372 1,013
Broadcasting Capital Improvements 11,296 13,263 12,622 13,635 (2.80%) (8.02%)

US Institute of Peace (USIP)


Change from Change From
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 FY10 FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
-2,670 -2,670
US Institute of Peace 31,000 49,220 49,220 46,550 (-5.42%) (-5.42%)

13
FY 11 Top GJ&D Requested Assistance Levels

FY11 FY10 FY10 Change From Change From


Country Request Request Estimate FY10 Request FY10 Estimate
1 Afghanistan 1,388,000 800,951 716,517 587,049 (73%) 671,483 (94%)
2 Mexico 207,000 32,405 90,000 174,595 (539%) 117,000 (130%)
3 Pakistan 190,800 190,724 164,674 76 (0%) 26,126 (16%)
4 Iraq 175,334 328,200 326,500 -152,866 (-47%) -151,166 (-46%)
5 Sudan 77,997 97,564 87,364 -19,567 (-20%) -9,367(-11%)
6 Liberia 43,200 39,394 39,268 3,806 (10%) 3,932 (10%)
7 West Bank and Gaza 41,500 42,000 32,100 -500 (-1%) 9,400 (29%)
8 Indonesia 39,702 42,056 39,925 -2,354 (-6%) -223 (-1%)
9 Russia 35,190 35,900 37,021 -710 (-2%) -1,831 (-5%)
10 Colombia 32,300 32,643 50,500 -343 (-1%) -18,200 (-36%)
11 Ukraine 28,837 31,683 28,692 -2,846 (-9%) 145 (1%)
12 Lebanon 28,769 27,317 26,689 1,452 (5%) 2,080 (8%)
13 Serbia 27,011 27,192 27,483 -181 (-1%) -472 (-2%)
14 Nigeria 25,271 20,700 21,367 4,571 (22%) 3,904 (18%)
15 Egypt 25,000 20,000 25,000 5,000 (25%) 0
Democratic Republic
16 of the Congo 24,900 25,400 13,400 -500 (-2%) 11,500 (86%)
17 Bangladesh 24,602 23,762 23,262 840 (4%) 1,340 (6%)
18 Georgia 24,150 20,371 18,750 3,779 (19%) 5,400 (29%)
19 Kosovo 23,147 23,830 21,895 -683 (-3%) 1,252 (6%)
20 Zimbabwe 20,600 21,000 20,600 -400 (-2%) 0

For FY11, Afghanistan alone represents 42% of the entire


GJ&D request. Together, the top 5 requests, those for FY11 GJ&D Requests
Afghanistan, Mexico, Pakistan, Iraq, and Sudan, represent
more than 60% of all GJ&D requested funding.
All Other
39% Afghanistan
The request for Mexico represents a 539% increase over the 42%

FY10 request. Mexico now ranks as the second largest


recipient of GJ&D funding. Much of this increase is requested Iraq Mexico
through the International Narcotics Control and Law 5% 6%
Enforcement (INCLE) account. Freedom House urges that
requested funding be used in a manner that encourages respect Sudan
2% Pakistan
for human rights and rule of law by both state and non-state
6%
actors. It is also notable that the top 7 requests for GJ&D
funding are all for countries that are currently experiencing
conflict or are in a very recent post-conflict state
While increases are requested for some key countries in the midst of an apparently successful democratic transition
.
(Ghana, Tanzania, Mali), the FY11 request reflects a continued tendency within all Administrations to invest large
amounts of funds into conflict countries, which, given budget realities inevitably mean fewer funds are available for
countries at a “crossroads” in their democratic development.
14
FY11 GJ&D Requested Assistance Levels

Biggest Increases*
(Not including FY10 Supplemental)

Increase by Dollar Amount Increase by Percentage


Increase
Country (in thousands of $) Country Percent Increase
1 Afghanistan 671, 483 1 Tanzania 448.12%
2 Mexico 117,000 2 Togo 321.05%
3 Pakistan 26,126 3 Mexico 130.00%
Democratic Republic 4 Ghana 120.00%
4 of the Congo 11,500 5 Ethiopia 98.07%
5 West Bank and Gaza 9,400 6 Afghanistan 93.71%
6 Tanzania 7,618 Democratic Republic
7 Georgia 5,400 7 of the Congo 85.82%
8 Kenya 4,810 8 Mali 81.82%
9 Mali 4,500 9 Mozambique 57.14%
10 Mozambique 4,000 10 Nepal 48.78%

Biggest Decreases*
(Not including FY10 Supplemental)

Decrease by Dollar Amount Decrease by Percentage

Decrease
Country (in thousands of $) Country Percent Decrease
1 Iraq -151,166 1 Algeria -100.00%
2 Colombia -18,200 2 Tunisia -100.00%
3 Haiti -12,525 3 Cameroon -100.00%
4 Sudan -9,367 4 Mauritius -100.00%
5 China -5,950 5 Bulgaria -100.00%
6 Jordan -5,700 6 China -87.50%
7 Guinea -3,112 7 Mauritania -79.98%
8 Timor-Leste -2,940 8 Djibouti -61.09%
9 Somalia -2,720 9 Iraq -46.30%
10 Turkmenistan -2,697 10 Turkmenistan -46.02%

*Increases and Decreases represent the difference between the FY11 Request and the FY10 Estimated Levels

15
Rule of Law &Human Rights

Top Rule of Law and Human Rights Funding Recipients


(in thousands of $)

FY11 FY10 FY10 Change From Change From


Request Request Estimate FY10 Request FY10 Estimate
Total ROLHR 897,188 753,936 736,732 19.00% 21.78%
Country
1 Afghanistan 248,000 210,362 186,103 17.89% 33.26%
2 Mexico 179,000 21,045 75,500 750.56% 137.75%
3 Pakistan 40,400 39,275 24,219 2.86% 66.81%
4 Colombia 25,600 24,053 38850 6.43% -34.11%
5 West Bank and Gaza 18,000 13,000 5,250 38.46% 242.86%
6 Liberia 17,200 8,998 8,998 91.15% 91.15%
7 Lebanon 16,249 14,154 13,733 14.80% 18.32%
8 Haiti 12,000 9,125 8,625 31.51% 39.13%
9 Kosovo 11,168 8,650 9,120 29.11% 22.46%
10 Egypt 10,500 8,000 10,500 31.25% 0.00%
11 Indonesia 10,450 14,777 14,688 -29.28% -28.85%
12 Cambodia 9,650 9,100 9,550 6.04% 1.05%
13 Sudan 9,600 3,700 1,000 159.45% 860.00%
14 Serbia 9,467 7,756 6,895 22.06% 37.30%
15 Russia 8,336 10,000 8,767 -16.64% -4.92%
Bosnia and
16 Herzegovina 7,860 8,816 7,239 -10.84% 8.58%
17 Guatemala 7,718 8,020 6,600 -3.77% 16.94%
18 Ukraine 6,758 6,508 6,423 3.84% 5.22%
Democratic Republic of
19 Congo 6,000 6,000 3,700 0.00% 62.16%
20 Iraq 6,000 73,000 73,500 -91.78% -91.84%

Freedom House is pleased to see an overall increase in Rule of


Law and Human Rights (ROLHR) funding, although we would International Narcotics
like to see a more detailed breakdown of funding being requested Control Rule of Law and
for the purposes of improving access to justice and respect for Human Rights Funding
human rights. In this regard, we are concerned that 50% of the ROLHR
ROLHR request is through the INCLE account. This account is ROLHR Funding
Funding in Other
primarily aimed at combating transnational crime and in INCLE Accounts
strengthening law enforcement. Programs in these areas may 49% 51%
sometimes serve to strengthen the delivery of justice and respect
for human rights, but experience demonstrates that this is not
always the case.

16
FY11 Rule of Law and Human Rights
Funding

Afghanistan
All Other 28%
43%

Mexico
20%

West Bank
and Gaza Colombia Pakistan
2% 3% 4%

17
Good Governance

Top Good Governance Funding Recipients


(in thousands of $)
Percent
Percent Change Change From
FY11 FY10 FY10 From FY10 FY10
Request Request Estimate Request Estimate
Total Good
Governance 1,613,989 1,074,354 975,777 50.23% 65.41%
Country
1 Afghanistan 1,010,000 390,589 392,568 158.58% 157.28%
2 Iraq 90,334 166,200 117,000 -45.65% -22.79%
3 Pakistan 70,000 71,035 60,035 -1.46% 16.60%
4 Sudan 35,000 34,000 34,000 2.94% 2.94%
5 Mexico 27,000 10,960 14,500 146.35% 86.21%
6 Indonesia 25,335 25,237 23,237 0.39% 9.03%
7 Liberia 20,000 22,494 22,368 -11.09% -10.59%
8 West Bank and Gaza 14,500 19,000 17,300 -23.68% -16.18%
9 Bangladesh 11,890 11,900 11,900 -0.08% -0.08%
10 Ukraine 10,897 12,835 10,135 -15.10% 7.52%
Democratic Republic of
11 the Congo 10,400 10,500 4,500 -0.95% 131.11%
12 Haiti 8,000 12,150 12,650 -34.16% -36.76%
13 Nigeria 7,271 8,500 8,000 -14.46% -9.11%
14 Honduras 6,894 6,894 6,143 0.00% 12.23%
15 Zimbabwe 6,800 7,000 6,800 -2.86% 0.00%
16 Russia 6,792 5,400 7,143 25.78% -4.91%
17 Mozambique 6,175 6,000 4,275 2.92% 44.44%
18 Mali 6,000 4,750 4,750 26.32% 26.32%
19 Egypt 6,000 5,000 6,000 20.00% 0.00%
20 Serbia 5,910 2,544 4,877 132.31% 21.18%

Good
Freedom Governance funding
House applauds the represents
increase in the largest
the overall
Mexico FY11 Good Governance Funding
2%
share of GJ&D funds and the largest
Good Governance request but notes that when theproportional
increase
increase forin the FY11 request.
Afghanistan However,
is removed, when
the request All Other
Afghanistan is removed,
actually represents a slightthe request
decrease represents
from the FY10a
24%
slight decrease from the FY10 request.
request and only a 10% increase over the It is aFY10
10% Sudan
2%
increase over the FY10 estimated level and
estimated levels. Afghanistan
represents over a third of all GJ&D funding. While 62%
Freedom
Freedom House House recognizes
supports thethe Administration‟s
importance of Pakistan
building
request forinstitutional
the DRC,capacity,
which is programs
similar todirected
the FY10 at 4%
the statebutalone
request is 130%– without
more than adequate
the FY10 support for
estimated Iraq
citizen-led demand for and oversight
levels. Additionally, Freedom House applauds the of 6%
accountable requests for– Mexico,
increases in governance have not had significant
Russia, Mali,
impact.
Egypt, and Serbia over the FY10 requested levels. 18
Political Competition and Consensus-Building

Top Political Competition and Consensus-Building Recipients


(in thousands of $)
Percent
Percent Change Change
FY11 FY10 FY10 From FY10 From FY10
Request Request Estimate Request Estimate
Total PCCB 271,296 376,975 311,063 -28.03% -12.78%
Country
1 Afghanistan 50,000 90,000 25,032 -44.44% 99.74%
2 Iraq 30,000 32,000 50,500 -6.25% -40.59%
3 Pakistan 15,200 15,207 15,210 -0.05% -0.07%
4 Sudan 14,900 45,708 38,208 -67.40% -61.00%
5 Kenya 14,550 5,000 10,000 191.00% 45.50%
6 Nigeria 9,000 9,000 9,000 - -
7 Georgia 5,000 3,200 3,180 56.25% 57.23%
8 Bangladesh 4,700 4,700 4,700 - -
9 Russia 4,395 3,500 3,570 25.57% 23.11%
Democratic Republic of
10 the Congo 4,000 4,950 2,950 -19.19% 35.59%
11 Zimbabwe 4,000 4,000 4,000 - -
12 Peru 4,000 5,000 5,000 -20.00% -20.00%
13 Somalia 3,550 5,500 4,550 -35.45% -21.98%
14 Nicaragua 3,134 6,500 3,332 -51.78% -5.94%
15 Liberia 3,000 4,610 4,610 -34.92% -34.92%
16 Nepal 3,000 4,175 2,000 -28.14% 50.00%
17 Jordan 3,000 4,000 5,000 -25.00% -40.00%
18 Sierra Leone 2,500 0 0 - -
19 Uganda 2,500 3,500 3,000 -28.57% -16.67%
20 Serbia 2,180 2,738 2,180 -20.38% -

The Political Competition and Consensus-Building (PCCB)


category is primarily focused on political party development FY11 Political Competition and
and election-related programming. PCCB funding receives a Consensus-Building Funding
28% decline from the FY10 request and a 13% decline from
FY10 estimated levels, largely due to the completion of
Afghanistan
(flawed) elections in Afghanistan, as well as elections in Iraq 18%
Iraq
and Liberia, and anticipated elections this year in Sudan. 11%
All Other
54%
The U.S. government must be able to provide adequate funds
between electoral cycles and be poised to respond to Pakistan
unexpected demands for elections and political process 6%
Sudan
assistance – thus the need for adequate funds for global Kenya 6%
mechanisms managed by the Democracy and Governance 5%
office of USAID.
19
Civil Society

Top Civil Society Funding Recipients

Percent
Percent Change Change
FY11 FY10 FY10 From FY10 From FY10
Request Request Estimate Request Estimate
Total Civil Society 550,488 608,864 639,560 -9.59% -13.93%
Country
1 Afghanistan 80,000 110,000 112,814 -27.27% -29.09%
2 Pakistan 65,200 65,207 65,210 -0.01% -0.02%
3 Iraq 32,500 57,000 85,500 -42.98% -61.99%
4 Sudan 18,497 14,156 14,156 30.67% 30.67%
5 Cuba 18,000 15,000 18,000 20.00% -
6 Russia 15,667 17,000 17,541 -7.84% -10.68%
7 Serbia 9,454 14,154 13,531 -33.21% -30.13%
8 Ukraine 9,182 10,521 10,459 -12.73% -12.21%
9 Georgia 9,000 7,146 5,565 25.94% 61.73%
10 Egypt 8,500 7,000 8,500 21.43% -
11 Belarus 8,244 10,500 8,829 -21.49% -6.63%
12 Burma 8,140 8,140 9,140 - -10.94%
13 West Bank and Gaza 8,000 9,000 8,550 -11.11% -6.43%
14 Lebanon 7,135 5,500 5,577 29.73% 27.94%
15 Nigeria 6,000 3,200 3,200 87.50% 87.50%
16 Jordan 5,500 3,250 7,500 69.23% -26.67%
17 Armenia 5,393 6,400 5,855 -15.73% -7.89%
18 Kosovo 5,269 3,100 4,875 69.97% 8.08%
19 Azerbaijan 4,990 5,619 6,870 -11.19% -27.37%
Bosnia and
20 Herzegovina 4,543 3,925 4,571 15.75% -0.61%

Freedom House is concerned that overall funding


to support civil society groups in the FY11 request FY11 Civil Society Funding
shows a 14% decline from the FY10 estimated
spending levels. As assaults on freedom of Afghanistan
association are increasing worldwide, the US should 15%
Pakistan
increase its support for civil society activities, and for 12%
efforts to improve enabling environments. Support for
All Other
freedom of expression should also have been accorded 61%
Iraq
greater prominence in the budget request. Congress 6%
should allocate funds sufficient to meet the Sudan
burgeoning threats to freedom of expression in both Cuba 3%
new and traditional media, in particular countries and 3%

at multilateral organizations.

20
Regional and Country Breakdowns

South and Central Asia

The South and Central Asia request for FY11 GJ&D funding is for $1.6 billion, and represents 53% of the total amount of
GJ&D money requested (although it represents only 21.6% of the total foreign assistance requested for the region).

Over 95.97% ($1.57 million) of the GJ&D request is requested for programs in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Additionally,
the Administration has requested that Congress appropriate supplemental funds for Fiscal Year 2010 for GJ&D funding
for Afghanistan and Pakistan following the practice begun by the Bush Administration of funding the wars in
Afghanistan and Iraq twice every year. Thus, the numbers for Afghanistan and Pakistan for FY10 will be higher than is
reflected in the current FY10 estimates. (This section of the report will analyze the total, regional, and country requests
taking into account the FY 2010 Supplemental Request when appropriate.)

When Afghanistan-Pakistan funding is removed, GJ&D funding request for this region actually falls by $27.7 million.
Most alarmingly, GJ&D funding for Central Asia continues to be reduced each year, including in FY11. The republics of
Central Asia, including Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan represent some
of the most repressive countries in the world. Recent events in Kyrgyzstan demonstrate that a U.S. policy of
downgrading human rights and democracy to support short-term interests damages both the U.S. reputation and
strategic leverage in the region.

FY11 GJ&D Request


South and Central Asia
2%
2%

12%

Afghanistan
Pakistan
84%
Bangladesh
All Others

21
South and Central Asia Regional Funding Comparison:
With and Without the FY 2010 Supplemental Request5
(in thousands of $)

Change From
FY10 FY10 Estimate Change From FY10
FY09 FY10 FY10 Supplemental FY11 Change (not including Estimate (Including
Actual Request Estimate Request* Request From FY10 Supplemental) Supplemental)
Regular
2,743,220 2,975,644 855,644
TOTAL S&C ASIA FUNDING 5,550,690 4,867,550 4,635,126 2,120,000 7,610,770 Request
(56%) (64%) (13%)

TOTAL GOVERNING JUSTLY & 581,693 699,698 -289,302


DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 1,163,037 1,063,465 945,460 989,000 1,645,158 (55%) (74%) (-15%)
37,429 80,573 -148,427
Rule of Law and Human Rights 246,792 265,637 222,493 229,000 303,066 (14%) (36%) (-33%)
617,562 627,793 -132,207
Good Governance 632,864 485,242 475,011 760,000 1,102,804 (127%) (132%) (-11%)

Political Competition and -41,444 25,568 25,568


Consensus-Building 194,872 116,242 49,230 0 74,798 (-36%) (52%) (52%)
-31,854 -34,236 -34,236
Civil Society 88,509 196,344 198,726 0 164,490 (-16%) (-17%) (-17%)

5
At the time of publication the FY2010 Supplemental Spending Bill has not been passed by either chamber of Congress. Therefore, these numbers are subject to
change as the Appropriations process progresses.
22
FY11 GJ&D Request
Civil Society South and Central Asia Rule of Law
10% and Human
Rights
Political 18%
Competition
and
Consensus-
Building
5%
Good
Governance
67%

Governing Justly and Democratically Funding Comparison: With and Without Af-Pak
(in thousands of $)

FY11 Change FY11 Change


FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
FY10 From FY10 Estimate (not Estimate
FY09 FY10 FY10 Supplemental FY11 Regular including (Including
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Request Supplemental) Supplemental)
Total Governing Justly
and Democratic 518,832 669,829 -319,171
Funding 2,702,037 2,814,129 2,663,132 989,000 3,332,961 (18.44%) (25.15%) (-8.74%)
Total Af-Pak GJ&D 587,125 697,609 -291,391
Funding 1,101,568 991,675 881,191 989,000 1,578,800 (59.21%) (79.17%) (-15.58%)
Af-Pak Percentage of
Total GJ&D 40.77% 35.24% 33.09% 100.00% 47.37% - - -
-68,293 -27,780 -27,780
GJ&D Without Af-Pak 1,600,469 1,822,454 1,781,941 0 1,754,161 (-3.75%) (-1.56%) (-0.02%)

23
Afghanistan Governing Justly and Democratically Funding
(in thousands of $)

Change From
Change FY10 Change From
FY10 From FY10 Estimate(not FY10 Estimate
Afghanistan FY09 FY10 FY10 Supplemental FY11 Regular including (Including
Program Totals Actual Request Estimate Request Request Request Supplemental) Supplemental)

Total Foreign 1,146,734 1,299,652 -476,348


Assistance 2,713,193 2,777,000 2,624,082 1,776,000 3,923,734 (41.29%) (49.53%) (-10.83%)
587,049 671,483 -313,517
GJ&D Total 984,180 800,951 716,517 985,000 1,388,000 (73.29%) (93.71%) (-18.43%)
Rule of Law and 37,638 61,897 -163,103
Human Rights 220,500 210,362 186,103 225,000 248,000 (17.89%) (33.26%) (-39.67%)
Good 619,411 617,432 -142,568
Governance 514,180 390,589 392,568 760,000 1,010,000 (158.58%) (157.28) (-12.37%)
Political
Competition
and Consensus- -40,000 24,968 24,968
Building 177,499 90,000 25,032 0 50,000 (-44.44%) (99.74%) (99.74%)
110,000 -30,000 -32,814 -32,814
Civil Society 72,001 112,814 0 80,000 (-27.27) (-29.09%) (-29.09%)

Afghanistan is the single largest


1,400,000
Afghanistan GJ&D Funding recipient of GJ&D funding in the
1,200,000 FY11 request, with more than 41%
1,000,000
of the total. When comparing the
FY11 request with the FY10
800,000 estimates, it appears that
600,000 Afghanistan has received almost a
100% increase, however, that
400,000
number does not include the
200,000 requested amounts for GJ&D in
the Administration‟s FY10
0
Supplemental Request. When the
Rule of Law and Good Governance Political Competition Civil Society
Human Rights and Consensus- Supplemental Request is added
Building to Afghanistan’s FY10 estimated
total, instead of a large increase,
FY10 Estimate (without Supplemental)
GJ&D funding for Afghanistan
FY10 Estimate (including Supplemental) decreases by $313 million.
FY11 Request

The Administration has said that it does not intend to request supplemental funds for Afghanistan, Pakistan, or Iraq for
FY11. However, supplemental funding requests have been utilized for Afghanistan and Iraq spending since the wars
began in 2001 and 2003 respectively, and large amounts of foreign assistance have been included in those requests.
Therefore, it is possible that the numbers for Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq will be supplemented by an additional
FY11 request.

24
Pakistan Governing Justly and Democratically Funding
(in thousands of $)

FY11 FY11
FY11 Change Change
FY10 Change From FY10 From FY10
Supplem- From FY10 Estimate Estimate
Pakistan Program FY09 FY10 FY10 ental FY11 Regular (not including (Including
Totals Actual Request Estimate Request Request Request Supplemental) Supplemental)
Total Foreign 1,471,600 1,595,728 1,251,728
Assistance 2,305,866 1,582,000 1,457,872 344,000 3,053,600 (93.02%) (109.46%) (69.47%)
76 26,126 22,126
GJ&D Total 117,388 190,724 164,674 4,000 190,800 (0.04%) (15.87%) (13.12%)
Rule of Law and 1,125 16,181 12,181
Human Rights 11,367 39,275 24,219 4,000 40,400 (2.86%) (66.81%) (43.17%)
-1,035 9,965 9,965
Good Governance 97,482 71,035 60,035 0 70,000 (-1.46%) (16.60%) (16.60%)
Political
Competition and
Consensus- -7 -10 -10
Building 6,539 15,207 15,210 0 15,200 (-0.05%) (-0.07%) (-0.07%)
-7 -10 -10
Civil Society 2,000 65,207 65,210 0 65,200 (-0.01%) (-0.02%) (-0.02%)

Pakistan is the third-largest recipient of GJ&D funding for FY11 with a request of $190 million. This represents a
16% increase over the estimated level of regular funding in FY10. Pakistan did receive a small request in the FY10
Supplemental request of $4 million for Rule of Law and Human Rights Programs. Even when considering the FY10
Supplemental request, Pakistan sees an increase in Good Governance and Rule of Law and Human Rights funding for
FY11.
Elsewhere in South and Central Asia
80,000
the funding levels are comparatively
Pakistan GJ&D Funding small to the total for the region. Sri
70,000
Lanka receives an increase of $1.3
60,000 million, 37%, over both the FY10
50,000
request and FY10 estimated level,
mostly for its Rule of Law and Human
40,000 Rights programs. Nepal receives a
decrease in requested levels with a
30,000
GJ&D request of $6.1 million, 54%
20,000 less than the FY10 request, but an
increase of $2 million over FY10
10,000
estimated levels. Turkmenistan
0 receives a decrease with a decline of
Rule of Law and Good Governance Political Competition Civil Society $2.7 million, 46%, from the FY10
Human Rights and Consensus- estimated level.
Building

FY10 Estimate (without Supplemental)


FY10 Estimate (including Supplemental)
FY11 Request
25
Regional and Country GJ&D Funding for South and Central Asia*

Change From
Change From FY10 Estimate
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY10 FY11 FY10 Regular (not including
(in thousands of $) Actual Request Estimate Supplemental Request Request Supplemental)
Afghanistan 587,049 671,483
Not Free (6,6) 984,180 800,951 716,517 985,000 1,388,000 (73%) (94%)
Bangladesh 840 1,340
Partly Free (3,4) 20,530 23,762 23,262 0 24,602 (4%) (6%)
India
Free (2,3) 1,000 0 0 0 0 - -
Kazakhstan -811
Not Free (6,5) 5,097 5,000 4,189 0 4,189 (-16%) 0
Kyrgyz Republic 1,314
Not Free (6,5) 7,619 8,600 9,914 0 9,914 (15%) 0
Nepal -7,100 2,000
Partly Free (4,4) 9,925 13,200 4,100 0 6,100 (-54%) (49%)
Pakistan 76 26,126
Partly Free (4,5) 117,388 190,724 164,674 4,000 190,800 (.0004%) (16%)
Sri Lanka 1,372 1,372
Partly Free (4,4) 4,421 3,710 3,710 0 5,082 (37%) (37%)
Tajikistan 1,410 -223
Not Free (6, 5) 5,803 6,368 8,001 0 7,778 (22%) (-3%)
Turkmenistan -1,537 -2,697
Not Free (7,7) 3,001 4,700 5,860 0 3,163 (-33%) (-46%)
Uzbekistan -520 -1
Not Free (7,7) 3,425 4,000 3,481 0 3,480 (-13%) (-.0003%)
State
Department SCA -400 298
Bureau 648 2,450 1,752 0 2,050 (-16%) (17%)
* No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY 2011 specifically for the Maldives.

Sri Lanka: Although the war has ended in Sri Lanka, significant barriers remain to a free and peaceful society, and
human rights abuses remain a problem.

Central Asian Republics: The Freedom in the World 2010 Report found that Central Asia, comprised of Kazakhstan,
the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, remains one of the most repressive regions in the
world. Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan are counted among Freedom House‟s Worst of the Worst in terms of political rights
and civil liberties.6 The Kyrgyz Republic declined from Partly Free to Not Free in 2009 and Kazakhstan registered a
decline due to the arrest and subsequent prosecution of human rights activist Yevgenii Zhovtis as well as passing a
restrictive Internet law and using civil penalties to discourage free expression in the media.7 Given these troubling
developments, Freedom House believes that the funding allocated for GJ&D programming in these countries is not
sufficient to adequately combat the rising repression. A 13% decrease in the request for Uzbekistan, for instance,
sends the wrong message at the wrong time to that country‟s totalitarian government. Freedom House
encourages Congress and the Administration to refocus efforts in the region toward consolidating democratic gains
and fighting repression.

6
Freedom House, Worst of the Worst 2009 http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=383&report=81
7
According to the Freedom in the World 2010 Report

26
Western Hemisphere
FY11 GJ&D Request
Freedom House is pleased that the request for GJ&D Political by Program Area
funding for the Western Hemisphere (WH) increased with Competition Civil Society
a request of $416 million for 2011, 29% over the FY10 and 8%
Consensus-
request. GJ&D represents 20% of the total WH Foreign Building
Assistance request while WH funding represents 13% of 3% Good
the total GJ&D request for FY11. Rule of Law and Governance Rule of Law
24% and Human
Human Rights funding saw an 87% increase over the
Rights
FY10 request with $270 million, and Good Governance 65%
saw an increase of 9% over the FY10 request with $100
million. Political Competition and Consensus-Building
and Civil Society saw decreases from their FY10 requests
of 58% and 37%, respectively.

Mexico remains the Western Hemisphere region‟s largest FY11 GJ&D Request
recipient of GJ&D funding with 58% of the total. FY11 GJ&D Request
Mexico‟s FY11 request of 207 million represents a 130% by Country
increase over its FY10 request. Panama, Honduras, and
El Salvador all also received increases while Colombia, Guatemala
Haiti, Paraguay, and Venezuela experienced decreases. 4%
All Others
Haiti 17%
The State Department’s Western Hemisphere Regional 6%
Bureau received a 19% decrease in GJ&D funding, with Mexico
a request of $45 million. USAID’s Central American Cuba 58%
Regional Office received a request of $2 million for 6%
GJ&D, the same as for FY10. USAID’s Latin American
and Caribbean Regional Office received a large increase Colombia
with a request of $2.1 million, more than double the FY10 9%
request.

Change Change
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
(in thousands of $) Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
TOTAL WESTERN HEMISPHERE -219,096 -212,785
FUNDING 2,161,242 2,366,498 2,360,187 2,147,402 (-9.26%) (-9%)
TOTAL WESTERN HEMISPHERE
GOVERNING JUSTLY AND 95,893 91,927
DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 290,408 320,885 324,851 416,778 (29.88%) (28.29%)
126,079 93,957
Rule of Law and Human Rights 154,052 144,822 176,944 270,901 (87.06%) (53.08%)
7,924 16,637
Good Governance 75,310 92,994 84,281 100,918 (8.52%) (19.74%)
Political Competition and -19,086 -14,998
Consensus-Building 15,177 32,620 28,532 13,534 (-58.51%) (-52.56%)
-19,024 -3,669
Civil Society 45,869 50,449 35,094 31,425 (-37.71%) (-10.45%)

27
Regional and Country GJ&D Funding for the Western Hemisphere*
Change Change
From From
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 FY10 FY10
(in thousands of $) Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
Bolivia -20,100
Partly Free (3,3) 15,050 20,100 0 0 (-100%) -
Colombia -343 -18,200
Partly Free (3,4) 47,550 32,643 50,500 32,300 (-1%) (-36%)
Cuba
Not Free (7,6) 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 0 0
Dominican Republic -434 -20
Free (2,2) 5,750 8,000 7,586 7,566 (-5%) (-0%)
Ecuador -4,270 70
Partly Free (3,3) 8,295 9,682 5,342 5,412 (-44%) (1%)
El Salvador 750 750
Free (2,3) 5,090 4,000 4,000 4,750 (19%) (19%)
Guatemala -1,995 700
Partly Free (4,4) 15,970 14,995 12,300 13,000 (-13%) (6%)
Guyana
Free (2,3) 1,600 2,000 2,000 2,000 0 0
Haiti -13,125 -12,525
Partly Free (4,5) 28,788 33,125 32,525 20,000 (-40%) (-39%)
Honduras 500 2,871
Partly Free (4,4) 6,494 11,864 9,493 12,364 (4%) (30%)
Jamaica -1,150 110
Free (2,3) 1,250 2,150 890 1,000 (-53%) (12%)
Mexico 174,595 117,000
Free (2,3) 69,650 32,405 90,000 207,000 (539%) (130%)
Nicaragua -6,953 -230
Partly Free (4,4) 8,001 16,071 9,348 9,118 (-43%) (-2%)
Panama 1,000 500
Free (1,2) 1,000 1,000 1,500 2,000 (100%) (33%)
Paraguay -195 -1,682
Partly Free (3,3) 2,800 4,000 5,487 3,805 (-5%) (-31%)
Peru -600 -600
Free (2,3) 3,000 8,600 8,600 8,000 (-7%) (-7%)
Venezuela -1,000 -1,000
Partly Free (5,4) 5,000 6,000 6,000 5,000 (-17%) (-17%)
Caribbean Basin
Security Initiative - - - 13,713 - 13, 713
Department of -33,850 -10,630
State WH Bureau 40,220 79,500 56,280 45,650 (-43%) (-18.89%)
USAID Central -3,700
America Program 2,800 5,700 2,000 2,000 (-65%) 0
USAID Latin
America & -3,900 1,100
Caribbean Program 2,100 6,000 1,000 2,100 (-65%) (110%)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY 2011 specifically for the following countries: Argentina, the Bahamas,
Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile, Eastern Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uruguay.

28
Andean Region: The Andean region is at a critical and challenging moment, with disturbing erosions of freedom of
association and freedom of expression in many countries and a weakening of any mechanisms of democratic
accountability. The FY11 request for GJ&D in this region shows a disregard and downgrading of human rights and
democracy.

Bolivia: The FY11 budget eliminates all GJ&D funding for Bolivia. (In previous years, requests for democracy and
human rights funding in Bolivia ranged from $20 to $25 million.) This is a reflection by the Obama Administration‟s
decision to accede to the demands of the Bolivian government to cut off all U.S. support for democracy and human rights
in exchange for allowing other development programs to continue. Freedom House believes that this policy decision
was a major mistake for Bolivia, for U.S. interests and for freedom of association and international democracy and
human rights efforts.

Venezuela: Freedom House is disappointed at the decrease in the request for Civil Society funding for Venezuela which
is $900,000 less than 2010 levels. Venezuela‟s Freedom in the World rating for Political Rights declined for 2009 from a
4 to a 5 due to the adoption of laws designed to marginalize political opposition, including provisions that were rejected
by referendum voters in December 2007. This concentration of power in the hands of President Hugo Chavez must be met
with the US Government‟s continued support of civil society groups on the ground that promote and protect the human
rights of the Venezuelan people. Freedom House recommends that Congress allocate at least $5 million for Civil
Society programs in Venezuela.

Haiti: Freedom House is disappointed to see a decrease in the request for Haiti‟s GJ&D funding request. Several critical
democracy and human rights programs were terminated abruptly last year. Freedom House is aware that the
Administration is planning on submitting a Supplemental Request for funds to assist Haiti in the aftermath of the January
12 earthquake, and we urge the Administration and Congress to restore Haiti’s GJ&D funding. Haiti‟s government has
been seriously crippled by the devastation and it is vital that the protection of human rights not be subjugated during this
difficult time period.

Honduras: The GJ&D request for Honduras represents a 30% increase of FY10 estimated levels. Assistance for
Honduras comes in the wake of a democratic rupture in 2009, whereby President Manuel Zelaya was ousted with the
support of the country‟s legislature and Supreme Court. Money included in this request should assist in monitoring efforts
leading up to the November 2012 primary election. Honduras has significant deficiencies in democratic governance
and respect for human rights, and the U.S. government has not put adequate emphasis in addressing these
challenges in the past.

29
Near East
Governing Justly and Democratically Funding for the Near East for FY11 received an almost 25% decrease, with a
request of $401 million. However, when you remove Iraq, funding increased by $21 million over FY10 estimated levels,
reflecting increases in Lebanon, Morocco, and the West Bank and Gaza and for the Middle East Partnership
Initiative (MEPI).
Bahrain currently receives no GJ&D funding and the
requests for Jordan and Yemen each dropped from their FY11 Near East GJ&D Funding
Political
FY10 estimated levels. Additionally, Algeria, Tunisia Competition
and Libya receive no GJ&D money for FY11. Iraq’s and Civil Society
Consensus- 8%
GJ&D request went down 46% from FY10 estimated Building
levels, with a request of $175 million. Freedom House 20%
understands this is a move toward giving Iraqis a
stronger hand in their own democratic future. We would
urge close monitoring of the situation there as American Good
Rule of Law
and Human
GJ&D assistance levels drop to ensure that democratic Governance
Rights
13%
gains continue and that human rights are protected. It is 59%
important to note that Freedom in the World 2010
marked significant decreases in Political Rights and Civil
Liberties across the region, with three countries, Jordan,
Bahrain, and Yemen dropping from Partly Free to Not
Free.
Freedom House is pleased to see that the request for the State Department‟s Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI)
went up 45% with a request of almost $53 million, and urges that these funds be used to bolster civil society and a
respect for human rights in the region.

The Near East Regional Democracy (NERD) Program, which is responsible for much of the programming intended for
Iran, received a request of $40 million, the same as its FY10 requested and estimated level. USAID‟s Office of Middle
East Programs (OMEP) received a 70% decrease from the FY10 request, which is reflective of the shift towards
requesting most regional funding for MEPI.
FY 11 Near East Governing Justly and Democratically Funding
(in thousands of $)

Change Change
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
TOTAL FY11 NEAR EAST 519,650 573,149
FUNDING 7,079,468 6,608,610 6,555,111 7,128,260 (7.86%) (8.74%)
TOTAL NEAR EAST
GOVERNING JUSTLY AND -144,419 -129,769
DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 483,548 545,467 530,817 401,048 (-26.48) (-24.45%)
-40,005 -31,674
Rule of Law and Human Rights 82,586 131,254 122,923 91,249 (-30.48) (-25.77%)
-81,829 -30,308
Good Governance 186,368 216,563 165,042 134,734 (-37.79%) (-18.36%)
Political Competition and -8,765 -17,490
Consensus-Building 59,291 65,000 73,725 56,235 (-13.48%) (-23.72%)
-13,820 -50,297
Civil Society 155,303 132,650 169,127 118,830 (-10.42%) (-29.74%)

30
FY11 Near East Funding
by Country
Jordan
Egypt Morocco Yemen
5% 3%
8% 4%

Lebanon
9%

Iraq
57%

West Bank
and Gaza
14%

FY11 Near East Funding


Regional and Country GJ&D Funding for Near East*

Change Change From


FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 FY10
(in thousands of $) Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
Algeria -800 -380
Not Free (6,5) 0 800 380 0 (100%) (100%)
Egypt 5,000
Not Free (6,5) 20,000 20,000 25,000 25,000 (25%) 0
Iraq -152,866 -151,166
Not Free (5,6) 318,720 328,200 326,500 175,334 (-47%) (-46%)
Jordan 300 -5,700
Not Free (6,5) 24,300 16,000 22,000 16,300 (2%) (-26%)
Lebanon 1,452 2,080
Partly Free (5,3) 18,313 27,317 26,689 28,769 (5%) (8%)
Libya
Not Free (7,7) 1,000 0 0 0 - -
Morocco 3,402
Partly Free (5,4) 5,000 10,650 7,248 10,650 0 (47%)
Tunisia -500
Not Free (7,5) 300 0 500 0 - (-100%)
West Bank and
Gaza Not Free -500 9,400
(6,6) 36,920 42,000 32,100 41,500 (1%) (29%)
Yemen -1,000
Not Free (6,5) 4,000 10,000 11,000 10,000 - (-9%)

4,400 16,500
MEPI 25,900 48,500 36,400 52,900 (9.07%) (45.33%)

NERD 25,000 40,000 40,000 40,000 0 0


-1,405 -2,405
OMEP 1,595 2,000 3,000 595 (-70.25%) (80.17%)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY 2011 specifically for the following countries: Bahrain, Israel,
Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.
31
Iraq: For FY11 there is a sharp decrease in the GJ&D request for Iraq. This decrease represents a 47% drop from the
FY10 request and represents a shift in the Administration‟s assistance programs in Iraq away from Governing Justly and
Democratically programming and more towards security. While Iraq is certainly in a better position now than it was just a
few years ago in terms of governance, it remains categorized as Not Free, is not an electoral democracy, and suffers from
corruption at all levels of government according to the Freedom in the World 2010 Report. Freedom House urges
Congress to closely monitor the human rights and democracy situation in Iraq to ensure that as the U.S. reduces its
presence there that local institutions and civil society are equipped to continue to promote human rights and the
move toward a stable democracy.

Yemen: The attempted terrorist attack on Christmas Day in 2009 thrust Yemen into the public eye and highlighted the
deteriorating security conditions there. Parliament and other political institutions are becoming increasingly marginalized
and political violence is increasing as the government faces opposition from rebels in the north and south of the country.
The Administration‟s request for Civil Society funding in Yemen represents a $1 million decrease from FY10 estimated
levels at a time when supporting governance and democracy programs should be a priority. Freedom House
recommends that Congress allocate at least $3 million for Civil Society programs in Yemen.

Jordan: The Administration‟s request for Jordan for FY11 is about the same as their request for FY10; however it
represents a $5.7 million decrease from FY10 estimated levels. This comes amidst political turmoil as King Abdullah
dissolved Parliament in 2009 and postponed elections until the end of 2010, further marginalizing an already weak
legislature. Freedom House recommends Congress allocate at least $22 million in GJ&D funds for Jordan.

Egypt: Freedom House opposes the Administration‟s decision to suspend USAID funding to civil society groups in Egypt
who are not officially registered with the Egyptian Ministry of Social Solidarity. Such control contravenes the Fiscal Year
2009 State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Act, which states: “With respect to the provision of assistance for
democracy, human rights and governance activities, the organizations implementing such assistance and the specific
nature of that assistance shall not be subject to the prior approval by the government of any foreign country.” Freedom
House recommends that Congress restore U.S. assistance to all civil society groups.

Near East Regional Democracy (NERD): In the FY2010 State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Bill, $10 million
was allocated under NERD to support internet freedom in repressive societies such as Iran. Freedom House is
disappointed to see no funding specified for internet freedom activities in the Administration‟s budget and encourages
Congress to include at least $10 million for internet freedom under NERD.

32
Africa
Africa
Freedom House is pleased that the request for Sub-Saharan Africa increased for FY11 with a request of $7.6 billion,
$13% more than the FY10 request and 8% more than FY10 estimated levels. Funding for Sub-Saharan Africa represents
11% of total GJ&D funding for FY11, while it only represented 5% in FY10. However, given the challenges facing the
region, funding for GJ&D for Sub-Saharan Africa is still inadequate.

Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Togo all received notable increases over the FY10 levels, but the
amounts requested for Angola, Guinea, Malawi and Zambia are insufficient and funding is eliminated for a number of
countries including Cameroon and Madagascar.

The request also reflects the overall tendency to direct the majority of GJ&D funding to conflict states and states on the
verge of elections, with Sudan, Liberia and DRC receiving the largest amounts in the region. (The $87 million requested
for Sudan alone represents over 20% of the GJ&D request for the region.)

It is also of note that a large proportion of Africa‟s Rule of Law and Human Rights funding increase was found under the
FY11 Governing
INCLE account. We reiterate Justly
our concerns and
about Democratic
funding Funding
under this forand
account Sub-Saharan Africa
urge Congress to ensure that a sufficient
amount is being devoted to rule of law programs. (in thousands of $)

Change Change
FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
FY09 Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
868,052 546,466
TOTAL FY11 AFRICA FUNDING 8,242,244 6,738,019 7,059,605 7,606,071 (12.88%) (7.74%)
TOTAL AFRICA GOVERNING
JUSTLY AND DEMOCRATICALLY 1,966 43,264
FUNDING 263,765 346,920 305,622 348,886 (0.57%) (14.16%)
20,827 29,195
Rule of Law and Human Rights 35,700 43,409 35,041 64,236 (47.98%) (83.32%)
-1,716 14,225
Good Governance 99,431 146,117 130,176 144,401 (-1.17%) (10.92%)
Political Competition and -28,619 -21,561
Consensus-Building 89,022 100,546 93,488 71,927 (-28.46%) (-23.06%)
11,474 21,405
Civil Society 39,612 56,848 46,917 68,322 (20.18%) (45.62%)

FY11 Africa GJ&D Funding


Rule of Law
and Human
Rights
Civil Society 18%
20%

Good
Governance
41%
Political
Competition
and
Consensus-
Building
21%

33
Regional and Country GJ&D Funding for Sub-Saharan Africa*

Change Change From


FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 FY10
(in thousands of $) Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate

Angola -2,424 -2,420


Not Free (6,5) 4,390 8,914 8,914 6,490 (-27%) (-27%)
Benin
Free (2,2) 0 0 0 595 595 595
Burundi -1,847 400
Partly Free (4,5) 2,030 6,547 4,300 4,700 (-28%) (9%)
Cameroon -1,703
Not Free (6,6) 0 1,703 1,344 0 (-100%) -1,344
Cape Verde
Free (1,1) 0 0 0 700 700 700
Central African
Republic
Partly Free (5,5) 250 0 0 0 - -
Chad 127
Not Free (7,6) 3,000 600 473 600 0 (27%)
Cote d'Ivoire -1,000
Not Free (6,5) 0 3,000 0 2,000 (-33%) 2,000
Democratic Republic of
the Congo -500 11,500
Not Free (6,6) 16,050 25,400 13,400 24,900 (-2%) (86%)
Djibouti -942
Partly Free (5,5) 1,000 600 1,542 600 0 (-61%)
Ethiopia -4,725 1,572
Partly Free (5,5) 6,000 7,900 1,603 3,175 (-60%) (98%)
Gabon
Not Free (6,5) 155 0 0 0 - -
Ghana 1,600 3,600
Free (1,2) 3,000 5,000 3,000 6,600 (32%) (120%)
Guinea -1,612 -3,112
Not Free (7,6) 2,576 7,139 8,639 5,527 (-23%) (-36%)
Guinea-Bissau 2,100
Partly Free (4,4) 0 600 0 2,700 (350%) 2,700
Kenya 5,300 4,810
Partly Free (4,4) 22,900 15,000 15,490 20,300 (35%) (31%)
Liberia 3,806 3,932
Partly Free (3,4) 27,201 39,394 39,268 43,200 (10%) (10%)
Madagascar -1,000
Partly Free (6,4) 1,000 1,000 0 0 (-100%) -
Malawi 274
Partly Free (3,4) 1,000 3,000 2,726 3,000 0 (10%)
Mali 4,500 4,500
Free (2,3) 2,700 5,500 5,500 10,000 (82%) (82%)
Mauritania -1,120 -799
Not Free (6,5) 800 1,320 999 200 (-85%) (-80%)
Mauritius -190
Free (1,2) 0 190 150 0 (-100%) -150
34
Change Change From
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
Mozambique 4,000 4,000
Partly Free (4,3) 3,000 7,000 7,000 11,000 (57%) (57%)
Namibia
Free (2,2) 2,000 0 0 0 - -
Niger -473
Partly Free (5,4) 200 1,500 1,973 1,500 0 (-24%)
Nigeria 4,571 3,904
Partly Free (5,4) 12,982 20,700 21,367 25,271 (22%) (18%)
Rwanda 850 850
Not Free (6,5) 2,580 5,000 5,000 5,850 (17%) (17%)
Senegal 2,100 2,109
Partly Free (3,3) 2,534 4,400 4,391 6,500 (48%) (48%)
Sierra Leone 2,100 1,750
Partly Free (3,3) 9,855 9,000 9,350 11,100 (23%) (19%)
Somalia -3,950 -2,720
Not Free (7,7) 8,687 12,500 11,270 8,550 (-32%) (-24%)
South Africa
Free (2,2) 0 0 0 2,866 2,866 2,866
Sudan -19,567 -9,367
Not Free (7,7) 83,032 97,564 87,364 77,997 (-20%) (-11%)
Tanzania 4,653 7,618
Partly Free (4,3) 3,150 4,665 1,700 9,318 (100%) (448%)
Togo 280 305
Partly Free (5,4) 0 120 95 400 (233%) (321%)
Uganda -1,000 -500
Partly Free (5,4) 4,500 7,500 7,000 6,500 (-13%) (-7%)
Zambia -1,167 -1,755
Partly Free (3,4) 2,500 3,614 4,202 2,447 (-32%) (-42%)
Zimbabwe -400
Not Free (6,6) 29,100 21,000 20,600 20,600 (-2%) 0
-500 -500
African Union 0 1,500 1,500 1,000 (-33%) (-33.33%)
State Department
African Affairs Bureau 1,555 4,300 4,300 4,300 0 0

USAID Africa Bureau 2,025 4,750 4,750 4,750 0 0


USAID East Africa -2,350 -50
Regional Program 700 3,000 700 650 (-78%) (-7.14%)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY 2011 specifically for the following countries: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde,
Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, The Gambia, Lesotho, Namibia, Republic of the Congo, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, South Africa,
and Swaziland.

35
FY11 Africa GJ&D Funding
(in thousands of $)
100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0

Burundi

Djibouti

Togo
Niger
Kenya

Rwanda

Cape Verde
Somalia
Mali

Ethiopia
Liberia
Nigeria
DRC

Benin

Mauritania
Mozambique

Angola

Cote d'Ivoire
Malawi

Zambia
Sudan

Zimbabwe

Tanzania

Ghana

Uganda

Chad
Sierra Leone

Guinea
Senegal

South Africa
Guinea-Bissau
FY11 Africa GJ&D Funding

Ethiopia: The Administration requested a 98% increase for Ethiopia over the FY10 estimated spending levels
though this is a substantial decrease from the FY10 requested amount. As crackdowns continue on NGOs and anti-
terror legislation is used against peaceful political opponents, in advance of the May 2010 election, it is all the more
important that US policy incorporate strong democracy themes – and continue to look for ways to bolster Ethiopia‟s
democracy advocates.

Freedom House is disappointed to see the requests for funding Angola, Cameroon, Niger, Uganda, and Zambia
decrease in FY11. The amount of GJ&D funding to these countries was very modest, and the challenges to democratic
advancement daunting, thus decreases are likely to be especially significant setbacks in democracy support and human
rights programs.

Angola: Angola‟s parliament approved a new constitution in January 2010 that further concentrates power in the hands
of longtime President Jose Eduardo dos Santos. The operating environment for civil society groups in Angola is
restricted and human rights abuses are common. Freedom House recommends that Congress allocate at least $9
million for GJ&D in Angola.

Cameroon: In 2011 Cameroon will hold Presidential elections, the first since a 2008 constitutional amendment removed
term limits on the presidency of longtime president Paul Biya. Previous presidential elections have been severely flawed
with the electoral commission controlled by the Government and harassment of civil society and opposition party
membership commonplace. Freedom House recommends that Congress allocate at least $2 million for GJ&D in
Cameroon.

Niger: Niger is in a period of political transition following a military coup in February 2010 whose leaders promised to
restore the country to democracy, although no clear timetable for elections has been set. Freedom House recommends
that Congress allocate at least $2 million for GJ&D in Niger.

Uganda: Uganda continues to suffer from widespread corruption and weak institutions. Furthermore, longtime President
Yoweri Museveni is employing a series of measures designed to constrict opposition parties, independent media, and
NGOs. Uganda has important presidential and parliamentary elections scheduled for February 2011 that will have
implications for the country‟s long-term stability. Freedom House recommends that Congress allocate at least $8
million for GJ&D in Uganda.
36
Zambia: Zambia‟s scheduled 2011 elections are expected to be an important test for the country‟s nascent democracy.
Voter turnout during the most recent election was historically low, less than 20%, and the government has been slow to
initiate electoral reforms. Indeed, the government has implemented a series of measures meant to restrict the activities of
opposition parties, independent media, and NGOs. While funding for GJ&D activities in Zambia has increased over the
past few years, at the same time so has the ruling party‟s consolidation of power at the expense of opposition. Freedom
House recommends that Congress allocate at least $5 million for GJ&D in Zambia.

Zimbabwe: Abuses of human rights continue in Zimbabwe despite the creation of the unity government in 2009. None of
the promised reforms have materialized. The $20 million requested for Zimbabwe should be utilized to helping activists
expand the space in which political opponents and civil society groups have to operate.

37
East Asia and Pacific
Funding for the East Asia and Pacific Region fell almost 3% overall and more than 11% for GJ&D in the FY11 request.
This was mostly due to a 27% drop in Rule of Law and Human Rights funding. Good Governance makes up the largest
part of GJ&D funding in the region, with 39%. Despite the drop in its request, Rule of Law and Human Rights comes in
second with 35% of funding. Some countries in the East Asia and Pacific Region experienced significant decreases in
their requests for FY11. China’s request for $850,000 reflects an 88% drop, and North Korea, Vietnam, and Timor-
Leste all received significant decreases as well. The State Department‟s Bureau for East Asia and Pacific Affairs
received a slight increase in GJ&D funding, with a request for $1.6 million.

FY11 Governing Justly and Democratic Funding for East Asia and the Pacific
(in thousands of $)

Change Change
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
TOTAL FY11 FUNDING FOR EAST ASIA -52,977 -21,629
AND THE PACIFIC 762,101 807,852 776,504 754,875 (-6.56%) (-2.78%)
TOTAL EAST ASIA & PACIFIC
GOVERNING JUSTLY AND -3,896 -12,260
DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 89,100 100,801 109,165 96,905 (-3.87%) (-11.23%)
-5,677 -12,685
Rule of Law and Human Rights 28,748 39,837 46,845 34,160 (-14.25%) (-27.08%)
1,301 1,601
Good Governance 37,232 37,034 36,734 38,335 (3.51%) (4.36%)
Political Competition and Consensus- -1,010 -110
Building 5,711 4,520 3,620 3,510 (-22.35%) (-3.04%)
1,490 -1,066
Civil Society 17,409 19,410 21,966 20,900 (7.68%) (-4.85%)

FY11 East Asia and Pacific GJ&D FY11 East Asia & Pacific GJ&D Funding by
Funding Program
Rule of Law
Thailand (in thousands of $) and Human
5% Mongolia Political
North Korea China Rights
Timor-Leste 3% 1% Competition 35%
1%
5% and
Consensus- Civil Society
Vietnam Building 22%
6% Indonesia 4%
Burma 42%
9%
Philippines Good
13% Cambodia Governance
15% 39%

38
Regional and Country GJ&D Funding for East Asia and the Pacific*

Change From
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10
(in thousands of $) Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request Estimate
Burma -1,000
Not Free (7,7) 6,600 8,500 9,500 8,500 0 (-11%)
Cambodia -250 200
Not Free (6,5) 14,650 15,100 14,650 14,850 (-2%) (1%)
China -5,950
Not Free (7,6) 5,225 850 6,800 850 0 (-88%)
Indonesia -2,354 -223
Free (2,3) 37,297 42,056 39,925 39,702 (-6%) (-1%)
Malaysia
Partly Free (4,4) 500 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolia
Free (2,2) 600 1,000 1,000 1,000 0 0
North Korea -500 -1,000
Not Free (7,7) 2,500 3,000 3,500 2,500 (-17%) (-29%)
Philippines
Partly Free (4,3) 10,021 12,850 12,850 12,850 0 0
Thailand
Partly Free (5,4) 2,500 4,500 4,500 4,500 0 0
Timor-Leste -295 -2,940
Partly Free (3,4) 5,420 5,395 8,040 5,100 (-5%) (-37%)
Vietnam -97 -1,397
Not Free (7,5) 3,200 5,500 6,800 5,403 (-2%) (21%)
Department of
State Bureau of
East Asian Pacific -200 50
Affairs 587 1,850 1,600 1,650 (-11%) (3.13%)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY 2011 specifically for the following countries: Fiji, Malaysia, Marshall Islands,
Micronesia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Singapore, Taiwan, and Tonga.

China: China continues its policy of severely restricting the exercise of fundamental human rights by its citizens.
Historically, human rights and democracy programs in China have been funded through global funding mechanisms and
not through a direct request from the Administration. Freedom House hopes that Congress will continue to specifically
allocate funding for China during the appropriations process. Freedom House encourages Congress and the
Administration to dedicate funds specifically to the issue of combating restrictions on internet freedom in China and
increasing cyber-security to thwart efforts by the Chinese government to use the internet as a way to track, harass, and
persecute human rights activists and others. Freedom House recommends that Congress allocate at least $7 million
for GJ&D in China.

Cambodia: Freedom House urges Congress and the Administration to continue to support Cambodia amidst a declining
human rights environment in the country, which includes the expansion of penalties for defamation, forced evacuations,
land grabbing, restrictions on press freedom through arresting of journalists and other means, and the impending passage
of a law restricting the activities of NGOs.

Burma: Freedom House is pleased to see a continued focus on Burma, but is troubled by the significant decrease in
funding. Burma is one of the 8 countries that are the “Worst of the Worst,” the government of Burma has shown no
39
indication in the last year of opening of political space and they continue to detain the highest number of political
prisoners in the world. Repressive election laws recently announced for the upcoming 2010 elections indicate the need for
the US Government to continue aggressive support of human rights and fundamental freedoms in one of the most
restricted countries in the world.

Indonesia: Freedom House is disappointed to see the 29% reduction in the ROLHR request for Indonesia. Indonesia is a
strong regional leader on human rights; however, the country is still grappling with religious freedom issues and human
rights abuses continue, especially in Papua province. The U.S. needs to support democratic allies like Indonesia in their
human rights efforts so that the gains that have been made are preserved. Given that Indonesia is a country on the cusp,
Freedom House recommends that Congress allocate at least $15 million for ROLHR programs in Indonesia.

Malaysia: Malaysia, though not an electoral democracy, has seen increased dynamism and electoral gains for the
opposition in recent years. As Malaysia is an important regional leader, Freedom House is disappointed that it has
received no GJ&D funding request for the second year in a row.

40
Europe and Eurasia
Overall GJ&D Funding for Europe and Eurasia sees a small decrease for FY11, which is reflected in a 12% drop in
Civil Society funding. Rule of Law and Human Rights and Political Competition and Consensus-Building each see
increases, while Good Governance remains close to static. Funding for Europe and Eurasia makes up 7% of the total
GJ&D Budget Request.

FY11 Europe and Eurasia Governing Justly and Democratically Funding


(in thousands of $)
Change Change
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
TOTAL FY11 EUROPE AND EURASIA -29,159 -10,143
FUNDING 1,021,682 885,526 866,510 856,367 (3.29%) (-1.17%)
TOTAL EUROPE AND EURASIA GOVERNING -9,579 -3,390
JUSTLY AND DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 224,297 238,141 231,952 228,562 (-4.02%) (-1.46%)
1,936 5,380
Rule of Law and Human Rights 61,606 62,005 58,561 63,941 (3.12%) (9.18%)
-2,150 93
Good Governance 39,825 54,461 52,218 52,311 (-3.95%) (0.18%)
Political Competition and Consensus- -3,755 3,514
Building 27,959 26,237 18,968 22,482 (-14.31%) (18.53%)
-5,610 -12,377
Civil Society 94,907 95,438 102,205 89,828 (-5.88%) (-12.11%)

Although Civil Society Funding experienced a 12% decrease for FY11, it still remains the largest source of funding for
Europe and Eurasia with 39% of GJ&D regional funds. Russia remains the largest recipient of GJ&D funds in the region,
with a request of over $35 million, though this does reflect a small decrease of about 5%. Funding levels for Georgia
have fluctuated over the past few years due to the 2008 military incursion by Russia and subsequent relief and rebuilding
efforts which were supported with supplemental funds. The FY11 request is just over $24 million, a 29% increase over
FY10 levels. No money was requested for Bulgaria for GJ&D in FY11 which represents an $800,000 decrease.
Azerbaijan experienced a 16% decrease, with a request of $9.7 million.

FY11 Europe and Eurasia GJ&D Funding


Rule of Law
and Human
Rights
28%
Civil Society
39%

Good
Governance
23%
Political
Competition
and
Consensus-
Building
10%

41
Regional and Country GJ&D Funding for Europe and Eurasia*

Change Change From


FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 FY10
(in thousands of $) Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
Albania -1,025 -50
Partly Free (3,3) 6,741 8,450 7,475 7,425 (-12%) (-1%)
Armenia -1,218 -273
Partly Free (6,4) 12,857 14,400 13,455 13,182 (-8%) (-2%)
Azerbaijan -2,953 -1,880
Not Free (6,5) 10,012 12,718 11,645 9,765 (-23%) (-16%)
Belarus -3,356 -585
Not Free (7,6) 9,020 13,000 10,229 9,644 (-26%) (-6%)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,172 1,964
Partly Free (4,3) 12,023 15,886 15,094 17,058 (7%) (13%)
Bulgaria -800 -800
Free (2,2) 0 800 800 0 (-100%) (-100%)
Georgia 3,779 5,400
Partly Free (4,4) 39,736 20,371 18,750 24,150 (19%) (29%)
Kosovo -683 1,252
Partly Free (5,4) 26,637 23,830 21,895 23,147 (-3%) (6%)
Macedonia -236 -154
Partly Free (3,3) 7,179 7,996 7,914 7,760 (-3%) (-2%)
Moldova 816 -140
Partly Free (3,4) 7,452 10,500 11,456 11,316 (8%) (-1%)
Montenegro 319 -314
Free (3,2) 2,849 3,900 4,533 4,219 (8%) (-7%)
Russia -710 -1,831
Not Free (6,5) 33,871 35,900 37,021 35,190 (-2%) (-5%)
Serbia -181 -472
Free (2,2) 19,766 27,192 27,483 27,011 (-1%) (-2%)
Ukraine -2,846 145
Free (3,2) 26,311 31,683 28,692 28,837 (-9%) (1%)
-1,277 -4,399
Eurasia Regional Funding 26,311 6,756 9,878 5,479 (-19%) (-45.67%)
-380 -1,253
Europe Regional Funding 6,082 4,759 5,632 4,379 (-8%) (-22.25%)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY 2011 specifically for the following countries: Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, and Turkey.

Azerbaijan: The past year has seen significant regression in tolerance by Azeri authorities for the freedom of expression.
Two young bloggers were jailed and sentenced to an extended term for “hooliganism” after being attacked by pro-
government individuals in a public café. Additionally, in 2009 the Government of Azerbaijan discontinued broadcasting
licenses for the USG-funded Voice of America. Thus, the 23% reduction in GJ&D assistance in Azerbaijan also sends the
wrong message at the wrong time. Freedom House recommends that Congress allocate at least $7 million in GJ&D
funding for Azerbaijan.

Russia: While Freedom House is supportive of the Administration‟s efforts to “reset” its relationship with Russia, it is
particularly important not to decrease funding levels for GJ&D programs in Russia, where the observance of fundamental
rights continues to backslide. Such a decrease, while not large, could easily be perceived by Russian authorities as a tacit
42
acceptance of their continued denial of political, civil and human rights to their own people. Freedom House believes that
while it is necessary to engage with Russia on other fronts, it is absolutely vital that the US Government continue to
prioritize democracy and human rights funding. Freedom House recommends that Congress allocate at least $37
million in GJ&D funding for Russia.

43
Appendix

i
Global Democracy Funding Mechanisms
USAID Bureau of Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA)
Change From Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 68,526 82,350 59,800 -22,550 -27.38%
Democracy Fund 37,000 50,000 0 -50,000 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 10,000 10,000 0 -10,000 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus Building 19,500 32,500 0 -32,500 -100.00%
Civil Society 7,500 7,500 0 -7,500 -100.00%
Development Assistance 12,544 12,000 44,500 32,500 270.83%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 3,250 3,000 4,250 1,250 41.67%
Good Governance 3,250 3,000 7,340 4,340 144.67%
Political Competition
and Consensus Building 2,794 3,000 20,810 17,810 593.67%
Civil Society 3,250 3,000 12,100 9,100 303.33%
Economic Support Fund 5,000 6,500 0 -6,500 -100.00%
Good Governance 5,000 6,500 0 -6,500 -100.00%
Transition Initiatives 13,982 13,850 15,300 1,450 10.47%
Good Governance 2,407 5,300 5,300 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus Building 8,271 0 0 0 -
Civil Society 3,304 8,550 10,000 1,450 16.96%

Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 79,000 70,000 70,000 0 0.00%

Democracy Fund 79,000 70,000 0 -70,000 -100.00%


Rule of Law and Human Rights 41,981 27,500 0 -27,500 -100.00%
Good Governance 4,050 750 0 -750 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus Building 9,100 7,000 0 -7,000 -100.00%
Civil Society 23,869 34,750 0 -34,750 -100.00%
Economic Support Fund 0 0 70,000 70,000 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 38,250 38,250 -
Good Governance 0 0 750 750 -
Political Competition
and Consensus Building 0 0 7,000 7,000 -
Civil Society 0 0 24,000 24,000 -

State Department Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change from Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 9,293 10,390 11,305 915 9%
International Narcotics Control and Law
Enforcement 9,293 10,390 11,305 915 9%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 8,908 9,900 10,735 835 8%
Good Governance 385 490 570 80 16%

ii
South and Central Asia

Cumulative Total for South and Central Asia (1 Free, 5 Partly Free, 6 Not Free)
(in thousands of $)

Change From Change From


FY10 FY10
Estimate (not Estimate
FY10 Change including (Including
FY09 FY10 FY10 Supplemental FY11 From FY10 Supplemen- Supplemen-
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Request tal) tal)

TOTAL S&C ASIA FY11 2,743,220 2,975,644 855,644


FUNDING 5,550,690 4,867,550 4,635,126 2,120,000 7,610,770 (56%) (64%) (13%)

TOTAL S&C Asia GJ&D 581,693 699,698 -289,302


FY11 FUNDING 1,163,037 1,063,465 945,460 989,000 1,645,158 (55%) (74%) (-15%)
Rule of Law and 37,429 80,573 -148,427
Human Rights 246,792 265,637 222,493 229,000 303,066 (14%) (36%) (-33%)
1,063,465
Good 485,242 617,562 627,793 -132,207
Governance 632,864 475,011 760,000 1,102,804 (127%) (132%) (-11%)
Political
Competition
and Consensus- -41,444 25,568 25,568
Building 194,872 116,242 49,230 0 74,798 (-36%) (52%) (52%)
-31,854 -34,236 -34,236
Civil Society 88,509 196,344 198,726 0 164,490 (-16%) (-17%) (-17%)

Change From
FY10 Estimate
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From (not including
Actual Request Estimate Supplemental Request FY10 Request Supplemental)
Afghanistan 587,049 671,483
Not Free (6,6) 984,180 800,951 716,517 985,000 1,388,000 (73%) (94%)
840
Bangladesh 1,340
23,762 (4%)
Partly Free (3,4) 20,530 23,262 0 24,602 (6%)
India
0 -
Free (2,3) 1,000 0 0 0 -
Kazakhstan -811 0
Not Free (6,5) 5,097 5,000 4,189 0 4,189 (-16%) -
Kyrgyz Republic 1,314 0
Not Free (6,5) 7,619 8,600 9,914 0 9,914 (15%) -
Nepal -7,100 2,000
Partly Free (4,4) 9,925 13,200 4,100 0 6,100 (-54%) (49%)
Pakistan 76 26,126
Partly Free (4,5) 117,388 190,724 164,674 4,000 190,800 - (16%)
Sri Lanka 1,372 1,372
Partly Free (4,4) 4,421 3,710 3,710 0 5,082 (37%) (37%)
Tajikistan 1,410 -223
Not Free (6, 5) 5,803 6,368 8,001 0 7,778 (22%) (-3%)
Turkmenistan -1,537 -2,697
Not Free (7,7) 3,001 4,700 5,860 0 3,163 (-33%) (-46%)
Uzbekistan -520 -1
Not Free (7,7) 3,425 4,000 3,481 0 3,480 (-13%) -
*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY11 for the following countries: the Maldives.

iii
Country Breakdowns
Afghanistan Not Free (6, 6)
Change From Change From
FY10 FY10
Estimate (not Estimate
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 including (including
Actual Estimate Supplemental Request supplemental) supplemental)
671,483 -313,517
Governing Justly and Democratically 984,180 716,517 985,000 1,388,000 (93.71%) (-18.43%)
634,483 -175,517
Economic Support Fund 796,680 555,517 810,000 1,190,000 (114.21%) (-12.85%)
Rule of Law and Human 24,897 -25,103
Rights 33,000 25,103 50,000 50,000 (99.18%) (-33.42%)
617,432 -142,568
Good Governance 514,180 392,568 760,000 1,010,000 (157.28%) (-12.37%)
Political Competition 24,968 24,968
and Consensus-Building 177,499 25,032 0 50,000 (99.74%) (99.74%)
-32,814 -32,814
Civil Society 72,001 112,814 0 80,000 (-29.09%) (-29.09%)
International Narcotics Control and 37,000 -138,000
Law Enforcement 187,500 161,000 175,000 198,000 (22.98%) (-41.07%)
Rule of Law and Human 37,000 -138,000
Rights 187,500 161,000 175,000 198,000 (22.98%) (-41.07%)

Bangladesh Partly Free (3, 4)


Change From Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 20,530 23,262 24,602 1,340 5.76%
Development Assistance 20,530 22,912 23,752 840 3.67%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,499 2,850 3,700 850 29.82%
Good Governance 11,531 11,900 11,890 -10 -0.08%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 4,500 4,700 4,700 0 -
Civil Society 2,000 3,462 3,462 0 -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 350 850 500 142.86%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 350 850 500 142.86%

India Free (2, 3)


Change From Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,000 0 0 - -

Development Assistance 1,000 0 0 - -


Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,000 0 0 - -

iv
Kazakhstan Not Free (6, 5)
Change Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 5,097 4,189 4,189 0 -


Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 5,097 4,189 4,189 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,019 1,054 1,054 0 -
Good Governance 346 385 385 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 899 587 587 0 -
Civil Society 2,833 2,163 2,163 0 -

Kyrgyz Republic Not Free (6, 5)


Change Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 7,619 9,914 9,914 0 -
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 7,619 9,914 9,914 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,875 2,092 2,092 0 -
Good Governance 1,128 3,002 3,002 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,150 1,701 1,311 -390 -22.93%
Civil Society 3,466 3,119 3,509 390 12.50%

Nepal Partly Free (4, 4)


Change Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 9,925 4,100 6,100 2,000 48.78%

Economic Support Fund 9,925 3,000 5,000 2,000 66.67%


Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,500 0 0 - -
Good Governance 3,140 1,000 2,000 1,000 100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 4,285 2,000 3,000 1,000 50.00%
International Narcotics Control and Law
Enforcement 0 1,100 1,100 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 1,100 1,100 0 -

v
Pakistan Partly Free (4, 5)
Change From
FY10 Change From
Estimate (not FY10 Estimate
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 including (including
Actual Estimate Supplemental Request supplemental) supplemental)
26,126 22,126
Governing Justly and Democratically 117,388 164,674 4,000 190,800 (15.87%) (13.12%)
25,126 25,126
Economic Support Fund 115,754 162,574 0 187,700 (15.46%) (15.46%)
Rule of Law and Human 15,181 15,181
Rights 9,733 22,119 0 37,300 (68.63%) (68.63%)
9,965 9,965
Good Governance 97,482 60,035 0 70,000 (16.60%) (16.60%)
Political Competition -10 -10
and Consensus-Building 6,539 15,210 0 15,200 (-0.07%) (-0.07%)
-10 -10
Civil Society 2,000 65,210 0 65,200 (-0.02%) (-0.02%)
International Narcotics Control and 1,000 -3,000
Law Enforcement 1,634 2,100 4,000 3,100 (47.62%) (-49.18%)
Rule of Law and Human 1,000 -3,000
Rights 1,634 2,100 4,000 3,100 (47.62%) (-49.18%)

Sri Lanka Partly Free (4, 4)


Change From Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 4,421 3,710 5,082 1,372 36.98%

Development Assistance 1,421 3,710 4,282 572 15.42%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 521 1,350 1,782 432 32.00%
Good Governance 650 860 1,000 140 16.28%
Civil Society 250 1,500 1,500 0 -

Economic Support Fund 3,000 0 0 - -


Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,000 0 0 - -
Good Governance 1,000 0 0 - -
International Narcotics Control and Law
Enforcement 0 0 800 800 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 800 800 -

Tajikistan Not Free (6, 5)


Change From Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 5,803 8,001 7,778 -223 -2.79%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 5,803 8,001 7,778 -223 -2.79%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,534 2,597 2,510 -87 -3.35%
Good Governance 2,427 2,538 2,538 0 -
Civil Society 1,842 2,866 2,730 -136 -4.75%

vi
Turkmenistan Not Free (7, 7)
Change From Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 3,001 5,860 3,163 -2,697 -46.02%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 3,001 5,860 3,163 -2,697 -46.02%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 763 228 228 0 -
Good Governance 606 1,009 1,009 0 -
Civil Society 1,632 4,623 1,926 -2,697 -58.34%

Uzbekistan Not Free (7, 7)


Change From Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 3,425 3,481 3,480 -1 -0.03%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 3,425 3,481 3,480 -1 -0.03%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,214 550 550 0 -
Good Governance 374 680 680 0 -
Civil Society 1,837 2,251 2,250 -1 -0.04%

Regional Funding
US Department of State-Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs
Change From Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 648 1,752 2,050 298 17.01%


Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 648 1,752 2,050 298 17.01%
Good Governance 0 1,034 300 -734 -70.99%
Civil Society 648 718 1,750 1,032 143.73%

vii
Western Hemisphere

Cumulative Total for Western Hemisphere (17 Free, 8 Partly Free, 1 Not Free)
(in thousands of $)

Change From
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request Estimate
TOTAL WESTERN HEMISPHERE -219,096 -212,785
FUNDING 2,161,242 2,366,498 2,360,187 2,147,402 (-9.26%) (-9%)
TOTAL WESTERN HEMISPHERE
GOVERNING JUSTLY AND 95,893 91,927
DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 290,408 320,885 324,851 416,778 (29.88%) (28.29%)
126,079 93,957
Rule of Law and Human Rights 154,052 144,822 176,944 270,901 (87.06%) (53.08%)
7,924 16,637
Good Governance 75,310 92,994 84,281 100,918 (8.52%) (19.74%)
Political Competition and Consensus- -19,086 -14,998
Building 15,177 32,620 28,532 13,534 (-58.51%) (-52.56%)
-19,024 -3,669
Civil Society 45,869 50,449 35,094 31,425 (-37.71%) (-10.45%)

Change Change
FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
FY09 Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
Colombia -343 -18,200
Partly Free (3,4) 47,550 32,643 50,500 32,300 (-1%) (-36%)
Cuba 0 0
Not Free (7,6) 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 - -
Dominican Republic -434 -20
Free (2,2) 5,750 8,000 7,586 7,566 (-5%) -
Ecuador -4,270 70
Partly Free (3,3) 8,295 9,682 5,342 5,412 (-44%) (1%)
El Salvador 750 750
Free (2,3) 5,090 4,000 4,000 4,750 (19%) (19%)
Guatemala -1,995 700
Partly Free (4,4) 15,970 14,995 12,300 13,000 (-13%) (6%)
Guyana 0 0
Free (2,3) 1,600 2,000 2,000 2,000 - -
Haiti -13,125 -12,525
Partly Free (4,5) 28,788 33,125 32,525 20,000 (-40%) (-39%)
Honduras 500 2,871
Partly Free (4,4) 6,494 11,864 9,493 12,364 (4%) (30%)
Jamaica -1,150 110
Free (2,3) 1,250 2,150 890 1,000 (-53%) (12%)
Mexico 174,595 117,000
Free (2,3) 69,650 32,405 90,000 207,000 (539%) (130%)
Nicaragua -6,953 -230
Partly Free (4,4) 8,001 16,071 9,348 9,118 (-43%) (-2%)
Panama 1,000 500
Free (1,2) 1,000 1,000 1,500 2,000 (100%) (33%)

viii
Paraguay -195 -1,682
Partly Free (3,3) 2,800 4,000 5,487 3,805 (-5%) (-31%)
Peru -600 -600
Free (2,3) 3,000 8,600 8,600 8,000 (-7%) (-7%)
Venezuela -1,000 -1,000
Partly Free (5,4) 5,000 6,000 6,000 5,000 (-17%) (-17%)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY11 specifically for the following countries: Argentina, the Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica,
Chile, Eastern Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uruguay.

Country Breakdowns
Bolivia Partly Free (3, 3)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 15,050 0 0 - -
Development Assistance 15,050 0 0 - -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,853 0 0 - -


Good Governance 7,348 0 0 - -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,668 0 0 - -
Civil Society 3,181 0 0 - -

Colombia Partly Free (3, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 47,550 50,500 32,300 -18,200 -36.04%


Economic Support Fund 20,000 20,250 21,400 1,150 5.68%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 7,855 8,600 14,700 6,100 70.93%
Good Governance 10,095 9,000 5,500 -3,500 -38.89%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,550 2,150 700 -1,450 -67.44%
Civil Society 500 500 500 0 -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 27,550 30,250 10,900 -19,350 -63.97%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 27,550 30,250 10,900 -19,350 -63.97%

Cuba Not Free (7, 6)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 20,000 20,000 20,000 0 -


Economic Support Fund 20,000 20,000 20,000 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,550 2,000 2,000 0 -
Civil Society 18,450 18,000 18,000 0 -

ix
Dominican Republic Free (2, 2)

FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change


Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 5,750 7,586 7,566 -20 -0.26%
Development Assistance 5,750 7,586 7,566 -20 -0.26%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,684 2,419 2,400 -19 -0.79%
Good Governance 1,866 2,534 2,566 32 1.26%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 600 600 600 0 -
Civil Society 1,600 2,033 2,000 -33 -1.62%

Ecuador Partly Free (3, 3)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 8,295 5,342 5,412 70 1.31%
Development Assistance 8,295 5,342 5,412 70 1.31%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,050 1,069 1,413 344 32.18%
Good Governance 3,750 1,974 2,106 132 6.69%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 200 500 500 0 -
Civil Society 2,295 1,799 1,393 -406 -22.57%

El Salvador Free (2, 3)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 5,090 4,000 4,750 750 18.75%


Development Assistance 5,090 4,000 4,750 750 18.75%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,615 2,000 2,000 0 -


Good Governance 3,475 2,000 2,750 750 37.50%

Guatemala Partly Free (4, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 15,970 12,300 13,000 700 5.69%
Development Assistance 12,595 10,800 11,000 200 1.85%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 7,125 5,100 5,718 618 12.12%
Good Governance 4,970 3,200 5,282 2,082 65.06%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 500 2,500 0 -2,500 -100.00%
Economic Support Fund 0 0 2,000 2,000 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 2,000 2,000 -


International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 3,375 1,500 0 -1,500 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 3,295 1,500 0 -1,500 -100.00%
Good Governance 80 0 0 - -

x
Guyana Free (2, 3)
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 1,600 2,000 2,000 0 -


Development Assistance 1,600 2,000 2,000 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 400 200 300 100 50.00%
Good Governance 200 500 500 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 400 700 700 0 -
Civil Society 600 600 500 -100 -16.67%

Haiti Partly Free (4, 5)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 28,788 32,525 20,000 -12,525 -38.51%
Economic Support Fund 27,643 31,025 20,000 -11,025 -35.54%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 5,865 7,125 12,000 4,875 68.42%
Good Governance 10,800 12,650 8,000 -4,650 -36.76%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 5,173 11,250 0 -11,250 -100.00%
Civil Society 5,805 0 0 - -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 1,145 1,500 0 -1,500 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,145 1,500 0 -1,500 -100.00%

Honduras Partly Free (4, 4)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 6,494 9,493 12,364 2,871 30.24%
Development Assistance 6,494 9,493 12,364 2,871 30.24%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 351 1,201 2,270 1,069 89.01%
Good Governance 5,244 6,143 6,894 751 12.23%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 50 500 800 300 60.00%
Civil Society 849 1,649 2,400 751 45.54%

Jamaica Free (2, 3)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,250 890 1,000 110 12.36%
Development Assistance 1,050 890 1,000 110 12.36%
Good Governance 400 400 1,000 600 150.00%
Civil Society 650 490 0 -490 -100.00%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 200 0 0 - -
Good Governance 200 0 0 - -

xi
Mexico Free (2, 3)
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 69,650 90,000 207,000 117,000 130.00%
Development Assistance 800 500 3,000 2,500 500.00%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 2,000 2,000 -


Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 800 500 1,000 500 100.00%
Economic Support Fund 15,000 9,000 10,000 1,000 11.11%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 15,000 9,000 10,000 1,000 11.11%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 53,850 80,500 194,000 113,500 140.99%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 48,500 66,000 167,000 101,000 153.03%
Good Governance 5,350 14,500 27,000 12,500 86.21%

Nicaragua Partly Free (4, 4)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 8,001 9,348 9,118 -230 -2.46%


Development Assistance 8,001 9,348 9,118 -230 -2.46%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 584 0 0 - -
Good Governance 2,842 2,043 3,807 1,764 86.34%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 2,761 3,332 3,134 -198 -5.94%
Civil Society 1,814 3,973 2,177 -1,796 -45.21%

Panama Free (1, 2)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 1,000 1,500 2,000 500 33.33%


Development Assistance 1,000 1,500 2,000 500 33.33%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 600 0 0 - -


Good Governance 400 1,500 2,000 500 33.33%

Paraguay Partly Free (3, 3)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 2,800 5,487 3,805 -1,682 -30.65%


Development Assistance 2,800 5,487 3,805 -1,682 -30.65%
Rule of Law and Human
Rights 810 1,000 1,000 0 -
Good Governance 1,990 3,487 2,000 -1,487 -42.64%
Civil Society 0 1,000 805 -195 -19.50%

xii
Peru Free (2, 3)
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 3,000 8,600 8,000 -600 -6.98%
Development Assistance 3,000 8,600 8,000 -600 -6.98%
Good Governance 2,900 3,600 4,000 400 11.11%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 5,000 4,000 -1,000 -20.00%
Civil Society 100 0 0 - -

Venezuela Partly Free (5, 4)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 5,000 6,000 5,000 -1,000 -16.67%


Economic Support Fund 5,000 6,000 5,000 -1,000 -16.67%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 350 450 350 -100 -22.22%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,000 1,000 1,000 0 -
Civil Society 3,650 4,550 3,650 -900 -19.78%

Regional Funding

Caribbean Basin Security Initiative


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 0 0 13,713 13,713 -


Economic Support Fund 0 0 11,000 11,000 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 6,000 6,000 -


Good Governance 0 0 5,000 5,000 -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 2,713 2,713 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 2,200 2,200 -
Good Governance 0 0 513 513 -

US Department of State: Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 40,220 56,280 45,650 -10,630 -18.89%
Economic Support Fund 23,000 37,500 30,000 -7,500 -20.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 7,650 18,750 10,000 -8,750 -46.67%
Good Governance 10,350 18,750 20,000 1,250 6.67%
Civil Society 5,000 0 0 - -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 17,220 18,780 15,650 -3,130 -16.67%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 17,220 18,780 15,650 -3,130 -16.67%

xiii
USAID: Central America Regional Program
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 2,800 2,000 2,000 0 -


Development Assistance 2,800 2,000 2,000 0 -
Good Governance 2,800 2,000 2,000 0 -

USAID: Latin America and Caribbean Regional Program


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 2,100 1,000 2,100 1,100 110.00%


Development Assistance 2,100 1,000 2,100 1,100 110.00%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 1,000 1,000 -


Good Governance 250 0 0 - -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 475 500 1,100 600 120.00%
Civil Society 1,375 500 0 -500 -100.00%

xiv
Near East

Cumulative Total for Near East (1 Free, 3 Partly Free, 13 Not Free)
(in thousands of $)

Change Change
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
519,650 573,149
TOTAL NEAR EAST FUNDING 7,079,468 6,608,610 6,555,111 7,128,260 (7.86%) (8.74%)
TOTAL NEAR EAST GOVERNING
JUSTLY AND DEMOCRATICALLY -144,419 -129,769
FUNDING 483,548 545,467 530,817 401,048 (-26.48) (-24.45%)
-40,005 -31,674
Rule of Law and Human Rights 82,586 131,254 122,923 91,249 (-30.48) (-25.77%)
-81,829 -30,308
Good Governance 186,368 216,563 165,042 134,734 (-37.79%) (-18.36%)
Political Competition and -8,765 -17,490
Consensus-Building 59,291 65,000 73,725 56,235 (-13.48%) (-23.72%)
-13,820 -50,297
Civil Society 155,303 132,650 169,127 118,830 (-10.42%) (-29.74%)

Change Change From


FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
Egypt 5,000
Not Free (6,5) 20,000 20,000 25,000 25,000 (25%) -
Iraq -152,866 -151,166
Not Free (5,6) 318,720 328,200 326,500 175,334 (-47%) (-46%)
Jordan 300 -5,700
Not Free (6,5) 24,300 16,000 22,000 16,300 (2%) (-26%)
Lebanon 1,452 2,080
Partly Free (5,3) 18,313 27,317 26,689 28,769 (5%) (8%)
Libya
Not Free (7,7) 1,000 0 0 0 - -
Morocco 3,402
Partly Free (5,4) 5,000 10,650 7,248 10,650 0 (47%)
Tunisia -500
Not Free (7,5) 300 0 500 0 - (-100%)
West Bank and
Gaza Not Free -500 9,400
(6,6) 36,920 42,000 32,100 41,500 (1%) (29%)
Yemen -1,000
Not Free (6,5) 4,000 10,000 11,000 10,000 0 (-9%)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY11 specifically for the following countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Israel, Kuwait, Oman,
Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

xv
Country Breakdowns
Algeria Not Free (6, 5)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 380 0 -380 -100.00%
Development Assistance 0 380 0 -380 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 190 0 -190 -100.00%
Good Governance 0 190 0 -190 -100.00%

Egypt Not Free (6, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 20,000 25,000 25,000 0 -
Economic Support Fund 20,000 25,000 25,000 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 10,200 10,500 10,500 0 -
Good Governance 2,500 6,000 6,000 0 -
Civil Society 7,300 8,500 8,500 0 -

Iraq Not Free (5, 6)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 318,720 326,500 175,334 -151,166 -46.30%
Economic Support Fund 304,620 283,500 169,334 -114,166 -40.27%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 32,450 30,500 16,500 -14,000 -45.90%
Good Governance 143,640 117,000 90,334 -26,666 -22.79%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 41,000 50,500 30,000 -20,500 -40.59%
Civil Society 87,530 85,500 32,500 -53,000 -61.99%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 14,100 43,000 6,000 -37,000 -86.05%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 14,100 43,000 6,000 -37,000 -86.05%

Jordan Not Free (6, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 24,300 22,000 16,300 -5,700 -25.91%
Economic Support Fund 24,300 22,000 16,000 -6,000 -27.27%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 5,750 6,500 4,500 -2,000 -30.77%
Good Governance 8,300 3,000 3,000 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus- Building 4,500 5,000 3,000 -2,000 -40.00%
Civil Society 5,750 7,500 5,500 -2,000 -26.67%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 300 300 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 300 300 -

xvi
Lebanon Partly Free (5, 3)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 18,313 26,689 28,769 2,080 7.79%
Economic Support Fund 18,313 26,689 28,769 2,080 7.79%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 7,586 13,733 16,249 2,516 18.32%
Good Governance 4,575 6,802 4,250 -2,552 -37.52%
Political Competition and
Consensus- Building 2,095 577 1,135 558 96.71%
Civil Society 4,057 5,577 7,135 1,558 27.94%

Libya Not Free (7, 7)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,000 0 0 - -
Economic Support Fund 1,000 0 0 - -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 300 0 0 - -
Good Governance 500 0 0 - -
Civil Society 200 0 0 - -

Morocco Partly Free (5, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 5,000 7,248 10,650 3,402 46.94%
Development Assistance 5,000 7,248 10,000 2,752 37.97%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 3,000 3,000 -
Good Governance 2,800 3,700 3,500 -200 -5.41%
Political Competition and
Consensus- Building 1,000 848 1,100 252 29.72%
Civil Society 1,200 2,700 2,400 -300 -11.11%

Tunisia Not Free (7, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 300 500 0 -500 -100.00%
Economic Support Fund 300 500 0 -500 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 150 150 0 -150 -100.00%
Good Governance 150 150 0 -150 -100.00%
Civil Society 0 200 0 -200 -100.00%

xvii
West Bank and Gaza Not Free (6, 6)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 36,920 32,100 41,500 9,400 29.28%
Economic Support Fund 34,920 28,100 31,000 2,900 10.32%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 5,250 10,000 4,750 90.48%


Good Governance 16,528 13,300 12,000 -1,300 -9.77%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,650 1,000 1,000 0 -
Civil Society 16,742 8,550 8,000 -550 -6.43%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 2,000 4,000 10,500 6,500 162.50%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,000 0 8,000 8,000 -


Good Governance 0 4,000 2,500 -1,500 -37.50%

Yemen Not Free (6, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 4,000 11,000 10,000 -1,000 -9.09%


Development Assistance 1,233 11,000 0 -11,000 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 3,000 0 -3,000 -100.00%
Good Governance 287 3,000 0 -3,000 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus- Building 946 2,000 0 -2,000 -100.00%
Civil Society 0 3,000 0 -3,000 -100.00%
Economic Support Fund 2,767 0 10,000 10,000 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 3,000 3,000 -
Good Governance 1,438 0 3,000 3,000 -
Political Competition
and Consensus- Building 0 0 2,000 2,000 -
Civil Society 1,329 0 2,000 2,000 -

Regional Funding

Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 25,900 36,400 52,900 16,500 45.33%


Economic Support Fund 25,900 36,400 52,900 16,500 45.33%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 3,500 5,100 8,200 3,100 60.78%
Good Governance 1,200 2,900 4,500 1,600 55.17%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 6,500 8,800 13,000 4,200 47.73%
Civil Society 14,700 19,600 27,200 7,600 38.78%

xviii
Near East Regional Democracy (NERD)
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 25,000 40,000 40,000 0 -


Economic Support Fund 25,000 40,000 40,000 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 5,300 5,000 5,000 0 -
Good Governance 3,200 5,000 5,000 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,600 5,000 5,000 0 -
Civil Society 14,900 25,000 25,000 0 -

USAID: Office of Middle East Programs


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,595 3,000 595 -2,405 -80.17%
Development Assistance 1,300 2,000 595 -1,405 -70.25%
Civil Society 1,300 2,000 595 -1,405 -70.25%
Economic Support Fund 295 1,000 0 -1,000 -100.00%
Civil Society 295 1,000 0 -1,000 -100.00%

xix
Africa
Cumulative Total for Africa (13 Free, 21 Partly Free, 16 Not Free)
(in thousands of $)

FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From Change From


Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request FY10 Estimate
868,052 546,466
TOTAL AFRICA FUNDING 8,242,244 6,738,019 7,059,605 7,606,071 (12.88%) (7.74%)

TOTAL AFRICA GOVERNING JUSTLY 1,966 43,264


AND DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 263,765 346,920 305,622 348,886 (0.57%) (14.16%)
20,827 29,195
Rule of Law and Human Rights 35,700 43,409 35,041 64,236 (47.98%) (83.32%)
-1,716 14,225
Good Governance 99,431 146,117 130,176 144,401 (-1.17%) (10.92%)
Political Competition and Consensus- -28,619 -21,561
Building 89,022 100,546 93,488 71,927 (-28.46%) (-23.06%)
11,474 21,405
Civil Society 39,612 56,848 46,917 68,322 (20.18%) (45.62%)

FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From Change From


Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request FY10 Estimate

Angola -2,424 -2,420


Not Free (6,5) 4,390 8,914 8,914 6,490 (-27%) (-27%)
Benin 595 595
Free (2,2) 0 0 0 595 - -
Burundi -1,847 400
Partly Free (4,5) 2,030 6,547 4,300 4,700 (-28%) (9%)
Cameroon -1,703 -1,344
Not Free (6,6) 0 1,703 1,344 0 (-100%) -
Cape Verde 700 700
Free (1,1) 0 0 0 700 - -
Central African
Republic
Partly Free (5,5) 250 0 0 0 - -
Chad 0 127
Not Free (7,6) 3,000 600 473 600 - (27%)
Cote d'Ivoire -1,000 2,000
Not Free (6,5) 0 3,000 0 2,000 (-33%) -
Democratic Republic
of the Congo -500 11,500
Not Free (6,6) 16,050 25,400 13,400 24,900 (-2%) (86%)
Djibouti 0 -942
Partly Free (5,5) 1,000 600 1,542 600 (0%) (-61%)
Ethiopia -4,725 1,572
Partly Free (5,5) 6,000 7,900 1,603 3,175 (-60%) (98%)
Gabon
Not Free (6,5) 155 0 0 0 - -
Ghana 1,600 3,600
Free (1,2) 3,000 5,000 3,000 6,600 (32%) (120%)
Guinea -1,612 -3,112
Not Free (7,6) 2,576 7,139 8,639 5,527 (-23%) (-36%)

xx
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From Change From
Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request FY10 Estimate
Guinea-Bissau 2,100 2,700
Partly Free (4,4) 0 600 0 2,700 (350%) -
Kenya 5,300 4,810
Partly Free (4,4) 22,900 15,000 15,490 20,300 (35%) (31%)
Liberia 3,806 3,932
Partly Free (3,4) 27,201 39,394 39,268 43,200 (10%) (10%)
Madagascar -1,000
Partly Free (6,4) 1,000 1,000 0 0 (-100%) -
Malawi 0 274
Partly Free (3,4) 1,000 3,000 2,726 3,000 (0%) (10%)
Mali 4,500 4,500
Free (2,3) 2,700 5,500 5,500 10,000 (82%) (82%)
Mauritania -1,120 -799
Not Free (6,5) 800 1,320 999 200 (-85%) (-80%)
Mauritius -190 -150
Free (1,2) 0 190 150 0 (-100%) -
Mozambique 4,000 4,000
Partly Free (4,3) 3,000 7,000 7,000 11,000 (57%) (57%)
Namibia
Free (2,2) 2,000 0 0 0 - -
Niger Partly 0 -473
Free (5,4) 200 1,500 1,973 1,500 - (-24%)
Nigeria 4,571 3,904
Partly Free (5,4) 12,982 20,700 21,367 25,271 (22%) (18%)
Rwanda 850 850
Not Free (6,5) 2,580 5,000 5,000 5,850 (17%) (17%)
Senegal 2,100 2,109
Partly Free (3,3) 2,534 4,400 4,391 6,500 (48%) (48%)
Sierra Leone 2,100 1,750
Partly Free (3,3) 9,855 9,000 9,350 11,100 (23%) (19%)
Somalia -3,950 -2,720
Not Free (7,7) 8,687 12,500 11,270 8,550 (-32%) (-24%)
South Africa 2,866 2,866
Free (2,2) 0 0 0 2,866 - -
Sudan -19,567 -9,367
Not Free (7,7) 83,032 97,564 87,364 77,997 (-20%) (-11%)
Tanzania 4,653 7,618
Partly Free (4,3) 3,150 4,665 1,700 9,318 (100%) (448%)
Togo 280 305
Partly Free (5,4) 0 120 95 400 (233%) (321%)
Uganda -1,000 -500
Partly Free (5,4) 4,500 7,500 7,000 6,500 (-13%) (-7%)
Zambia -1,167 -1,755
Partly Free (3,4) 2,500 3,614 4,202 2,447 (-32%) (-42%)
Zimbabwe -400 0
Not Free (6,6) 29,100 21,000 20,600 20,600 (-2%) (0%)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY11 specifically for the following countries: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Equatorial
Guinea, Gabon, The Gambia, Lesotho, Namibia, Republic of the Congo, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, South Africa, and Swaziland.

xxi
Country Breakdowns
Angola Not Free (6, 5)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 4,390 8,914 6,490 -2,420 -27.15%


Development Assistance 4,390 8,914 6,490 -2,420 -27.15%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 800 0 -800 -100.00%
Good Governance 3,190 5,178 2,490 -2,688 -51.91%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 500 1,700 2,000 300 17.65%
Civil Society 700 1,236 2,000 764 61.81%

Benin Free (2, 2)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 0 595 595 -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 595 595 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 595 595 -

Burundi Partly Free (4, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,030 4,300 4,700 400 9.30%
Development Assistance 2,030 4,300 4,700 400 9.30%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 1,200 1,000 -200 -16.67%
Good Governance 1,030 1,300 1,800 500 38.46%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 500 0 -500 -100.00%
Civil Society 1,000 1,300 1,900 600 46.15%

Cameroon Not Free (6, 6)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 0 1,344 0 -1,344 -100.00%


Development Assistance 0 1,344 0 -1,344 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 1,344 0 -1,344 -100.00%

Cape Verde Free (1, 1)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 0 700 700 -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 700 700 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 700 700 -

xxii
Central African Republic Partly Free (5, 5)
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 250 0 0 - -


Economic Support Fund 250 0 0 - -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 250 0 0 - -

Chad Not Free (7, 6)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 3,000 473 600 127 26.85%
Development Assistance 0 473 600 127 26.85%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 473 600 127 26.85%
Economic Support Fund 3,000 0 0 - -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 3,000 0 0 - -

Cote d'Ivoire Not Free (6, 5)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 0 2,000 2,000 -
Economic Support Fund 0 0 2,000 2,000 -
Good Governance 0 0 500 500 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 0 500 500 -
Civil Society 0 0 1,000 1,000 -

Democratic Republic of the Congo Not Free (6, 6)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 16,050 13,400 24,900 11,500 85.82%
Economic Support Fund 16,050 13,400 24,900 11,500 85.82%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 5,800 3,700 6,000 2,300 62.16%
Good Governance 6,494 4,500 10,400 5,900 131.11%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 2,500 2,950 4,000 1,050 35.59%
Civil Society 1,256 2,250 4,500 2,250 100.00%

xxiii
Djibouti Partly Free (5, 5)
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,000 1,542 600 -942 -61.09%
Development Assistance 1,000 1,542 600 -942 -61.09%
Good Governance 0 1,000 0 -1,000 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,000 542 600 58 10.70%

Ethiopia Partly Free (5, 5)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 6,000 1,603 3,175 1,572 98.07%
Development Assistance 6,000 1,603 3,175 1,572 98.07%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,600 0 775 775 -
Good Governance 1,130 563 1,300 737 130.91%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,720 0 0 - -
Civil Society 1,550 1,040 1,100 60 5.77%

Gabon Not Free (6, 5)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 155 0 0 - -
Economic Support Fund 155 0 0 - -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 155 0 0 - -

Ghana Free (1, 2)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 3,000 3,000 6,600 3,600 120.00%
Development Assistance 3,000 3,000 4,900 1,900 63.33%
Good Governance 3,000 3,000 4,900 1,900 63.33%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 1,700 1,700 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 1,700 1,700 -

xxiv
Guinea Not Free (7, 6)
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 2,576 8,639 5,527 -3,112 -36.02%


Development Assistance 2,576 8,639 5,277 -3,362 -38.92%
Good Governance 500 4,042 2,500 -1,542 -38.15%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 2,076 2,541 1,077 -1,464 -57.62%
Civil Society 0 2,056 1,700 -356 -17.32%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 250 250 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 250 250 -

Guinea-Bissau Partly Free (4, 4)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 0 2,700 2,700 -
Development Assistance 0 0 600 600 -
Good Governance 0 0 300 300 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 0 150 150 -
Civil Society 0 0 150 150 -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 2,100 2,100 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 2,100 2,100 -

Kenya Partly Free (4, 4)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 22,900 15,490 20,300 4,810 31.05%
Development Assistance 5,300 15,490 20,300 4,810 31.05%
Good Governance 4,300 3,490 3,750 260 7.45%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,000 10,000 14,550 4,550 45.50%
Civil Society 0 2,000 2,000 0 -
Economic Support Fund 17,600 0 0 - -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,500 0 0 - -


Good Governance 9,900 0 0 - -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 3,200 0 0 - -
Civil Society 2,000 0 0 - -

xxv
Liberia Partly Free (3, 4)
Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 27,201 39,268 43,200 3,932 10.01%


Economic Support Fund 27,201 39,268 37,000 -2,268 -5.78%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 8,200 8,998 11,000 2,002 22.25%
Good Governance 11,800 22,368 20,000 -2,368 -10.59%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 4,201 4,610 3,000 -1,610 -34.92%
Civil Society 3,000 3,292 3,000 -292 -8.87%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 6,200 6,200 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 6,200 6,200 -

Madagascar Partly Free (6, 4)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,000 0 0 - -
Development Assistance 1,000 0 0 - -
Good Governance 1,000 0 0 - -

Malawi Partly Free (3, 4)


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,000 2,726 3,000 274 10.05%
Development Assistance 1,000 2,726 3,000 274 10.05%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 726 1,000 274 37.74%
Good Governance 500 1,500 2,000 500 33.33%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 500 500 0 -500 -100.00%

Mali Free (2, 3)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,700 5,500 10,000 4,500 81.82%
Development Assistance 2,700 5,500 10,000 4,500 81.82%
Good Governance 1,700 4,750 6,000 1,250 26.32%
Civil Society 1,000 750 4,000 3,250 433.33%

xxvi
Mauritania Not Free (6, 5)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 800 999 200 -799 -79.98%
Development Assistance 500 999 200 -799 -79.98%
Good Governance 350 699 0 -699 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 150 300 200 -100 -33.33%
Economic Support Fund 300 0 0 - -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 300 0 0 - -

Mauritius Free (1, 2)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 0 150 0 -150 -100.00%


Development Assistance 0 150 0 -150 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 150 0 -150 -100.00%

Mozambique Partly Free (4, 3)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 3,000 7,000 11,000 4,000 57.14%
Development Assistance 3,000 7,000 11,000 4,000 57.14%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 800 800 -
Good Governance 2,450 4,275 6,175 1,900 44.44%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 500 1,100 600 120.00%
Civil Society 550 2,225 2,925 700 31.46%

Namibia Free (2, 2)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,000 0 0 - -
Development Assistance 2,000 0 0 - -
Civil Society 2,000 0 0 - -

Niger Partly Free (5, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 200 1,973 1,500 -473 -23.97%
Development Assistance 200 1,973 1,500 -473 -23.97%
Good Governance 0 0 750 750 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 200 1,973 0 -1,973 -100.00%
Civil Society 0 0 750 750 -

xxvii
Nigeria Partly Free (5, 4)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 12,982 21,367 25,271 3,904 18.27%
Development Assistance 12,982 21,367 25,271 3,904 18.27%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 1,167 3,000 1,833 157.07%
Good Governance 4,000 8,000 7,271 -729 -9.11%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 5,400 9,000 9,000 0 -
Civil Society 3,582 3,200 6,000 2,800 87.50%

Rwanda Not Free (6, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,580 5,000 5,850 850 17.00%
Development Assistance 2,580 5,000 5,850 850 17.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 500 800 300 60.00%
Good Governance 1,880 4,000 4,250 250 6.25%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 700 0 0 - -
Civil Society 0 500 800 300 60.00%

Senegal Partly Free (3, 3)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,534 4,391 6,500 2,109 48.03%
Development Assistance 2,534 4,391 5,000 609 13.87%
Good Governance 2,534 3,391 2,500 -891 -26.28%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 0 1,000 1,000 -
Civil Society 0 1,000 1,500 500 50.00%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 1,500 1,500 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 1,500 1,500 -

Sierra Leone Partly Free (3, 3)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 9,855 9,350 11,100 1,750 18.72%
Economic Support Fund 9,855 9,350 10,500 1,150 12.30%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 9,000 7,500 5,000 -2,500 -33.33%
Good Governance 855 1,850 2,000 150 8.11%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 0 2,500 2,500 -
Civil Society 0 0 1,000 1,000 -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 600 600 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 600 600 -

xxviii
Somalia Not Free (7, 7)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 8,687 11,270 8,550 -2,720 -24.13%
Economic Support Fund 8,687 11,270 8,550 -2,720 -24.13%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 500 0 -500 -100.00%
Good Governance 3,977 5,220 4,000 -1,220 -23.37%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 3,710 4,550 3,550 -1,000 -21.98%
Civil Society 1,000 1,000 1,000 0 -

South Africa Free (2, 2)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 0 2,866 2,866 -
Development Assistance 0 0 2,866 2,866 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 1,416 1,416 -
Good Governance 0 0 1,450 1,450 -

Sudan Not Free (7, 7)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 83,032 87,364 77,997 -9,367 -10.72%
Economic Support Fund 81,182 86,364 68,397 -17,967 -20.80%
Good Governance 21,009 34,000 35,000 1,000 2.94%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 49,092 38,208 14,900 -23,308 -61.00%
Civil Society 11,081 14,156 18,497 4,341 30.67%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 1,850 1,000 9,600 8,600 860.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,850 1,000 9,600 8,600 860.00%

Tanzania Partly Free (4, 3)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 3,150 1,700 9,318 7,618 448.12%
Development Assistance 3,150 1,700 9,318 7,618 448.12%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 650 500 1,500 1,000 200.00%
Good Governance 707 0 5,318 5,318 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,000 0 0 - -
Civil Society 793 1,200 2,500 1,300 108.33%

xxix
Togo Partly Free (5, 4)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 95 400 305 321.05%
Development Assistance 0 95 0 -95 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 95 0 -95 -100.00%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 400 400 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 400 400 -

Uganda Partly Free (5, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 4,500 7,000 6,500 -500 -7.14%


Development Assistance 4,500 7,000 6,500 -500 -7.14%
Good Governance 1,500 2,000 2,000 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,500 3,000 2,500 -500 -16.67%
Civil Society 1,500 2,000 2,000 0 -

Zambia Partly Free (3, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,500 4,202 2,447 -1,755 -41.77%
Development Assistance 2,500 4,202 2,447 -1,755 -41.77%
Good Governance 2,500 2,700 2,447 -253 -9.37%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 1,502 0 -1,502 -100.00%

Zimbabwe Not Free (6, 6)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 29,100 20,600 20,600 0 -


Economic Support Fund 29,100 20,600 20,600 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 6,100 5,800 5,800 0 -
Good Governance 10,400 6,800 6,800 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 4,000 4,000 4,000 0 -
Civil Society 8,600 4,000 4,000 0 -

Regional Funding
African Union
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 1,500 1,000 -500 -33.33%
Economic Support Fund 0 1,500 1,000 -500 -33.33%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 1,500 1,000 -500 -33.33%
xxx
Bureau of African Affairs
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,555 4,300 4,300 0 0.00%
Economic Support Fund 1,555 4,300 4,300 0 0.00%
Good Governance 0 1,600 1,600 0 0.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,555 2,700 2,700 0 0.00%

USAID: Africa Bureau


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 2,025 4,750 4,750 0 0.00%


Development Assistance 2,025 4,750 4,750 0 0.00%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 500 500 0 0.00%


Good Governance 2,025 2,250 2,250 0 0.00%
Civil Society 0 2,000 2,000 0 0.00%

USAID: East Africa Regional Program


Percent Change
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 From FY10
Actual Estimate Request Estimate Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 700 700 650 -50 -7.14%
Development Assistance 700 700 650 -50 -7.14%
Good Governance 700 700 650 -50 -7.14%

USAID: Southern Africa Regional Program


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 1,313 3,000 3,000 0 -
Development Assistance 1,313 3,000 3,000 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 2,000 2,000 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,313 500 500 0 -
Civil Society 0 500 500 0 -

USAID: West Africa Regional Program


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 0 2,712 10,000 7,288 268.73%


Development Assistance 0 2,712 10,000 7,288 268.73%
Good Governance 0 1,000 4,000 3,000 300.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 500 2,500 2,000 400.00%
Civil Society 0 1,212 3,500 2,288 188.78%

xxxi
East Asia and the Pacific
Cumulative Total for East Asia and the Pacific (6 Free, 10 Partly Free, 5 Not Free)
(in thousands of $)

Change Change
FY10 FY10 FY11 From FY10 From FY10
FY09 Actual Request Estimate Request Request Estimate
TOTAL FUNDING FOR EAST ASIA AND THE -52,977 -21,629
PACIFIC 762,101 807,852 776,504 754,875 (-6.56%) (-2.78%)

TOTAL EAST ASIA & PACIFIC GOVERNING -3,896 -12,260


JUSTLY AND DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 89,100 100,801 109,165 96,905 (-3.87%) (-11.23%)
-5,677 -12,685
Rule of Law and Human Rights 28,748 39,837 46,845 34,160 (-14.25%) (-27.08%)
1,301 1,601
Good Governance 37,232 37,034 36,734 38,335 (3.51%) (4.36%)
-1,010 -110
Political Competition and Consensus-Building 5,711 4,520 3,620 3,510 (-22.35%) (-3.04%)
1,490 -1,066
Civil Society 17,409 19,410 21,966 20,900 (7.68%) (-4.85%)

FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From Change From


Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request FY10 Estimate
Burma 0 -1,000
Not Free (7,7) 6,600 8,500 9,500 8,500 - (-11%)
-250 200
Cambodia
14,650 15,100 14,650 14,850 (-2%) (1%)
Not Free (6,5)
0 -5,950
China
5,225 850 6,800 850 - (-88%)
Not Free (7,6)
-2,354 -223
Indonesia
37,297 42,056 39,925 39,702 (-6%) (-1%)
Free (2,3)
Malaysia
500 0 0 0 - -
Partly Free (4,4)
Mongolia
600 1,000 1,000 1,000 - -
Free (2,2)
-500 -1,000
North Korea
2,500 3,000 3,500 2,500 (-17%) (-29%)
Not Free (7,7)
0 0
Philippines
10,021 12,850 12,850 12,850 - -
Partly Free (4,3)
0 0
Thailand
2,500 4,500 4,500 4,500 - -
Partly Free (5,4)
-295 -2,940
Timor-Leste
5,420 5,395 8,040 5,100 (-5%) (-37%)
Partly Free (3,4)
-97 -1,397
Vietnam
3,200 5,500 6,800 5,403 (-2%) (21%)
Not Free (7,5)

*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY11 specifically for the following countries: Fiji, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia,
Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Singapore, Taiwan, and Tonga.

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Country Breakdowns
Burma Not Free (7, 7)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 6,600 9,500 8,500 -1,000 -10.53%
Economic Support Fund 6,600 9,500 8,500 -1,000 -10.53%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 360 360 0 -


Civil Society 6,600 9,140 8,140 -1,000 -10.94%

Cambodia Not Free (6, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 14,650 14,650 14,850 200 1.37%
Development Assistance 6,000 0 9,850 9,850 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 15 0 4,650 4,650 -
Good Governance 758 0 1,000 1,000 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 777 0 690 690 -
Civil Society 4,450 0 3,510 3,510 -
Economic Support Fund 8,650 14,650 5,000 -9,650 -65.87%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 6,900 9,550 5,000 -4,550 -47.64%
Good Governance 1,750 1,100 0 -1,100 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 600 0 -600 -100.00%
Civil Society 0 3,400 0 -3,400 -100.00%

China Not Free (7, 6)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 5,225 6,800 850 -5,950 -87.50%
Development Assistance 4,625 6,000 0 -6,000 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 4,625 6,000 0 -6,000 -100.00%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 600 800 850 50 6.25%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 600 800 850 50 6.25%

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Indonesia Free (2, 3)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request FY10 Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 37,297 39,925 39,702 -223 -0.56%
Development Assistance 20,290 10,048 37,202 27,154 270.24%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 2,147 7,950 5,803 270.28%
Good Governance 20,290 6,843 25,335 18,492 270.23%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 248 917 669 269.76%
Civil Society 0 810 3,000 2,190 270.37%
Economic Support Fund 15,682 27,377 0 -27,377 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 7,427 10,041 0 -10,041 -100.00%
Good Governance 6,208 16,394 0 -16,394 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 910 669 0 -669 -100.00%
Civil Society 1,137 273 0 -273 -100.00%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 1,325 2,500 2,500 0 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,325 2,500 2,500 0 -

Malaysia Partly Free (4, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 500 0 0 - -
Economic Support Fund 500 0 0 - -
Good Governance 500 0 0 - -

Mongolia Free (2, 2)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 600 1,000 1,000 0 -
Development Assistance 600 1,000 1,000 0 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 300 700 700 0 -


Good Governance 300 300 300 0 -

North Korea Not Free (7, 7)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,500 3,500 2,500 -1,000 -28.57%
Economic Support Fund 2,500 3,500 2,500 -1,000 -28.57%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 750 1,000 750 -250 -25.00%
Civil Society 1,750 2,500 1,750 -750 -30.00%

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Philippines Partly Free (4, 3)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 10,021 12,850 12,850 0 -


Development Assistance 0 0 12,200 12,200 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 5,200 5,200 -
Good Governance 0 0 4,897 4,897 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 0 1,103 1,103 -
Civil Society 0 0 1,000 1,000 -
Economic Support Fund 10,021 12,200 0 -12,200 -100.00%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 3,000 5,200 0 -5,200 -100.00%
Good Governance 2,997 4,897 0 -4,897 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 4,024 1,103 0 -1,103 -100.00%
Civil Society 0 1,000 0 -1,000 -100.00%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 650 650 0 -
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 650 650 0 -

Thailand Partly Free (5, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,500 4,500 4,500 0 -
Development Assistance 2,500 3,900 3,900 0 -
Good Governance 750 1,900 1,900 0 -
Civil Society 1,750 2,000 2,000 0 -
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 600 600 0 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 600 600 0 -

Timor-Leste Partly Free (3, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 5,420 8,040 5,100 -2,940 -36.57%
Development Assistance 5,420 6,440 4,500 -1,940 -30.12%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,506 3,297 1,500 -1,797 -54.50%
Good Governance 1,692 2,150 1,200 -950 -44.19%
Political Competition
and Consensus- Building 0 0 800 800 -
Civil Society 1,222 993 1,000 7 0.70%
Economic Support Fund 0 1,000 0 -1,000 -100.00%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 1,000 0 -1,000 -100.00%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 600 600 0 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 600 600 0 -

xxxv
Vietnam Not Free (7, 5)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 3,200 6,800 5,403 -1,397 -20.54%


Development Assistance 3,200 6,800 5,203 -1,597 -23.49%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,300 2,900 2,100 -800 -27.59%
Good Governance 1,400 2,050 2,603 553 26.98%
Civil Society 500 1,850 500 -1,350 -72.97%
International Narcotics Control and
Law Enforcement 0 0 200 200 -

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 0 200 200 -

Regional Funding
US Department of State-Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 587 1,600 1,650 50 3.13%


Economic Support Fund 587 1,600 1,650 50 3.13%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 500 550 50 10.00%
Good Governance 587 1,100 1,100 0 -

xxxvi
Europe and Eurasia
Cumulative Total for Europe and Eurasia (17 Free, 8 Partly Free, 3 Not Free)
(in thousands of $)
Change
FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From From FY10
Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request Estimate
TOTAL FY11 EUROPE AND EURASIA -29,159 -10,143
FUNDING 1,021,682 885,526 866,510 856,367 (3.29%) (-1.17%)
TOTAL EUROPE AND EURASIA GOVERNING -9,579 -3,390
JUSTLY AND DEMOCRATICALLY FUNDING 224,297 238,141 231,952 228,562 (-4.02%) (-1.46%)
1,936 5,380
Rule of Law and Human Rights 61,606 62,005 58,561 63,941 (3.12%) (9.18%)
-2,150 93
Good Governance 39,825 54,461 52,218 52,311 (-3.95%) (0.18%)
-3,755 3,514
Political Competition and Consensus-Building 27,959 26,237 18,968 22,482 (-14.31%) (18.53%)
-5,610 -12,377
Civil Society 94,907 95,438 102,205 89,828 (-5.88%) (-12.11%)

Country Breakdowns*

FY09 FY10 FY10 FY11 Change From Change From


Actual Request Estimate Request FY10 Request FY10 Estimate
Albania -1,025 -50
Partly Free (3,3) 6,741 8,450 7,475 7,425 (-12%) (-1%)
Armenia -1,218 -273
Partly Free (6,4) 12,857 14,400 13,455 13,182 (-8%) (-2%)
Azerbaijan -2,953 -1,880
Not Free (6,5) 10,012 12,718 11,645 9,765 (-23%) (-16%)
Belarus -3,356 -585
Not Free (7,6) 9,020 13,000 10,229 9,644 (-26%) (-6%)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,172 1,964
Partly Free (4,3) 12,023 15,886 15,094 17,058 (7%) (13%)
Bulgaria -800 -800
Free (2,2) 0 800 800 0 (-100%) (-100%)
Georgia 3,779 5,400
Partly Free (4,4) 39,736 20,371 18,750 24,150 (19%) (29%)
Kosovo -683 1,252
Partly Free (5,4) 26,637 23,830 21,895 23,147 (-3%) (6%)
Macedonia -236 -154
Partly Free (3,3) 7,179 7,996 7,914 7,760 (-3%) (-2%)
Moldova 816 -140
Partly Free (3,4) 7,452 10,500 11,456 11,316 (8%) (-1%)
Montenegro 319 -314
Free (3,2) 2,849 3,900 4,533 4,219 (8%) (-7%)
Russia -710 -1,831
Not Free (6,5) 33,871 35,900 37,021 35,190 (-2%) (-5%)
Serbia -181 -472
Free (2,2) 19,766 27,192 27,483 27,011 (-1%) (-2%)
Ukraine -2,846 145
Free (3,2) 26,311 31,683 28,692 28,837 (-9%) (1%)

xxxvii
*No USAID GJ&D funding was requested in FY11 specifically for the following countries: Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia,
Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Turkey.

Albania Partly Free (3, 3)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 6,741 7,475 7,425 -50 -0.67%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 6,741 7,475 7,425 -50 -0.67%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,877 3,308 3,308 0 -


Good Governance 3,070 2,770 2,770 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 0 0 500 500 -
Civil Society 794 1,397 847 -550 -39.37%

Armenia Partly Free (6, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 12,857 13,455 13,182 -273 -2.03%


Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 12,857 13,455 13,182 -273 -2.03%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,607 2,250 2,389 139 6.18%
Good Governance 3,000 4,100 3,600 -500 -12.20%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 700 1,250 1,800 550 44.00%
Civil Society 6,550 5,855 5,393 -462 -7.89%

Azerbaijan Not Free (6, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 10,012 11,645 9,765 -1,880 -16.14%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 10,012 11,645 9,765 -1,880 -16.14%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,752 2,005 2,005 0 -
Good Governance 1,510 1,360 1,360 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,685 1,410 1,410 0 -
Civil Society 5,065 6,870 4,990 -1,880 -27.37%

Belarus Not Free (7, 6)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 9,020 10,229 9,644 -585 -5.72%


Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 9,020 10,229 9,644 -585 -5.72%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,200 1,400 1,400 0 -
Civil Society 7,820 8,829 8,244 -585 -6.63%

xxxviii
Bosnia and Herzegovina Partly Free (4, 3)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 12,023 15,094 17,058 1,964 13.01%


Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 12,023 15,094 17,058 1,964 13.01%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 6,493 7,239 7,860 621 8.58%
Good Governance 1,524 3,284 4,655 1,371 41.75%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 800 0 0 - -
Civil Society 3,206 4,571 4,543 -28 -0.61%

Bulgaria Free (2, 2)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 0 800 0 -800 -100.00%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 0 800 0 -800 -100.00%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 0 500 0 -500 -100.00%


Good Governance 0 300 0 -300 -100.00%

Georgia Partly Free (4, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 39,736 18,750 24,150 5,400 28.80%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 39,736 18,750 24,150 5,400 28.80%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 8,421 4,265 5,150 885 20.75%
Good Governance 8,116 5,740 5,000 -740 -12.89%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 6,722 3,180 5,000 1,820 57.23%
Civil Society 16,477 5,565 9,000 3,435 61.73%

Kosovo Partly Free (5, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 26,637 21,895 23,147 1,252 5.72%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central
Asia 26,637 21,895 23,147 1,252 5.72%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 12,532 9,120 11,168 2,048 22.46%
Good Governance 6,400 5,700 5,200 -500 -8.77%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 3,600 2,200 1,510 -690 -31.36%

xxxix
Macedonia Partly Free (3, 3)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change From
Actual Estimate Request Estimate FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 7,179 7,914 7,760 -154 -1.95%


Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central
Asia 7,179 7,914 7,760 -154 -1.95%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 2,930 2,881 2,340 -541 -18.78%
Good Governance 2.73 2,300 2,130 -170 -7.39%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 75 200 0 -200 -100.00%
Civil Society 1,444 2,533 3,290 757 29.89%

Moldova Partly Free (3, 4)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 7,452 11,456 11,316 -140 -1.22%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central
Asia 7,452 11,456 11,316 -140 -1.22%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,160 2,836 3,088 252 8.89%
Good Governance 680 2,242 1,900 -342 -15.25%
Political Competition
and Consensus- Building 1,523 1,789 2,173 384 21.46%
Civil Society 4,089 4,589 4,155 -434 -9.46%

Montenegro Free (3, 2)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 2,849 4,533 4,219 -314 -6.93%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central
Asia 2,849 4,533 4,219 -314 -6.93%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 1,000 1,584 1,584 0 -
Good Governance 0 1,845 1,675 -170 -9.21%
Civil Society 1,849 1,104 960 -144 -13.04%

Russia Not Free (6, 5)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 33,871 37,021 35,190 -1,831 -4.95%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 33,871 37,021 35,190 -1,831 -4.95%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 10,131 8,767 8,336 -431 -4.92%
Good Governance 5,372 7,143 6,792 -351 -4.91%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 3,674 3,570 4,395 825 23.11%
Civil Society 14,694 17,541 15,667 -1,874 -10.68%

xl
Serbia Free (2, 2)
FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 19,766 27,483 27,011 -472 -1.72%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 19,766 27,483 27,011 -472 -1.72%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 4,409 6,895 9,467 2,572 37.30%
Good Governance 884 4,877 5,910 1,033 21.18%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 2,180 2,180 2,180 0 -
Civil Society 12,293 13,531 9,454 -4,077 -30.13%

Ukraine Free (3, 2)


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 26,311 28,692 28,837 145 0.51%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 26,311 28,692 28,837 145 0.51%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 6,594 6,423 6,758 335 5.22%
Good Governance 5,956 10,135 10,897 762 7.52%
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 3,952 1,675 2,000 325 19.40%
Civil Society 9,809 10,459 9,182 -1,277 -12.21%

Regional Funding

Eurasia Regional Funding


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate
Governing Justly and Democratically 3,761 9,878 5,479 -4,399 -44.53%
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 3,761 9,878 5,479 -4,399 -44.53%

Rule of Law and Human Rights 306 69 69 0 -


Good Governance 309 111 111 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 1,824 65 65 0 -
Civil Society 1,322 9,633 5,234 -4,399 -45.67%

Europe Regional Funding


FY09 FY10 FY11 Change From FY10 Percent Change
Actual Estimate Request Estimate From FY10 Estimate

Governing Justly and Democratically 6,082 5,632 4,379 -1,253 -22.25%


Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and
Central Asia 6,082 5,632 4,379 -1,253 -22.25%
Rule of Law and Human Rights 394 419 419 0 -
Good Governance 274 311 311 0 -
Political Competition
and Consensus-Building 24 49 49 0 -
Civil Society 5,390 4,853 3,600 -1,253 -25.82%

xli
xlii
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