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# 2015 Matrices Test A

## General Maths Standard 2015

MATRICES TEST
60mins
BASIC SKILLS MARK:

/30 =

Name:

ANALYSIS MARK:

/30 =

%.

## Basic Skills: 7 Questions worth 2 marks each

1. The matrix

A. a
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.

| |
1
0
0
0

0
1
0
0

0
0
1
0

10.

is an example of :

4 3 matrix
3 4 matrix

a
a diagonal matrix
an identity matrix
a square matrix

[ ]

, the element

G2,1 is:
A. 4
B. 2
C. 10
D. 5
E. Undefined

A.
B.
C.
D.

[]

A.

B.

[ ]

C.

[ ]

D.

[ 26 19 ]

E.

21 4 1
21 2 0

21 21
4
2
1
0

26
19

21 4 1
21 2 0

p q
13. If W = r s

[ ] [ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[
]
[ ]
2 1
4 3

3 2
1 0

B.

| |
| |

6 7
7 12

C.

1
p q
psqr r s

4 6 2 1
3 9 4 3

D.

1
psqr

8 6
12 27

E.

1
psqr

is :

12.

4.
4 6
3 9

7
2
1

11.

4 2
3. For the matrix G= 10 5

5.

3 2 1
3 1 0

is:

A.

E. Undefined
6.
7.
8.
9.

14.

, then

p q
r s

s q
r p

| |
| |
| |
s q
r p

s q
r p

W 1 =

## 15. The solution of the matrix equation

||| |

1 2 x = 6
4 2 y 14

E. There is no solution

is
17. The transformation matrix
A. Reflect in the x-axis
B. Reflect in the y-axis
C. Translate in the x-axis
D. Translate in the y-axis

16.

| |
| |
||
||
4
1

A.

4
1

B.

3
1

D.

is used to

18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

2
10

C.

1 0

0 1

25.
26.
27. Applications & Analysis: 7 Questions worth 2 marks each
28.
1. If P =

PQ =

[ ]
8 1
4 2

30 96
24 48

and Q =

[ ]
3 12
6 0

32.
then

## 29. The element 48 in the matrix PQ is

correctly obtained by calculating
A. 83 + 46
B. 86 + 10
C. 412 + 20
D. 46 + 212
E. 212 + 83
30.
2. If P is a matrix of order 4 1, Q is a matrix of
order 4 4 and I is the 4 4 identity matrix,
which one of the following will not be able to
be found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

A.

3 4

B.

1 4

C.

41

D.

3 1

E.

1 3

33.
4. Cassie sets up a matrix equation to solve a set
of simultaneous equations. The matrix
equation is:

][ ] [ ]

2 5 x
12
=
1 6 y
3

## 34. Which of the following sets of

simultaneous equations can be solved using
the matrix equation?
35.
A. 2 x +5 y=12
x+ 6 y=3
36.

QI + 2I
IP
QIP
Q3
PQ-1

B.

31.
3. If the order of matrix B is ( 3 1 and the

37.

38.

C.
D.

2

2 x 5 y =12

x6 y=3
2 x 5 y =3

6 yx=12
2 x 5 y =12

6 yx=3

39.
E.

2 y5 x=12
6 yx=3

40.
41.

5. If matrix A =

[
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

1
1
2
3

[ ]
3 1
x 1

and A1 =

, then

equals

2
1
0
1
2

42.
43.

## 6. A shop sells Blu-Ray discs for \$40 and DVDs

for \$20. Also two types of books - hardcover
and paperback - are sold for \$30 and \$16
respectively.
44. These prices are shown in the price matrix,
40 30
P=
20 16

45.
46. The owner decides to increase all prices by
\$3. The new price matrix can be found by
calculating:
47.

[ ]
[ ]
3 3
3 3

A. P +

C. 3 P
D. P

[ ]
[]
[ ]

E. P
7. If Q =

3 0
0 3
3
3

5 0
3 6

and R =

[ ]
5 5
0 6

0.5
0.833
0.6
1

Y=

B.

Y=

C.

Y=

D.

Y = 25 25
15 51

E.

Y = 0.5 1
0.5 1

1
1
0.5 0.5
40 30
18 36

48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.

1.3 0
0 1.3

B. P

[
[
[
[
[

A.

, solve the

## matrix equation YQ = R for the matrix Y.

59.
60.
61. END OF MULTIPLE CHOICE SECTION
62.
63.
64.

]
]
]

66.

67.

/32

Show all working or you cannot get part marks if you get a wrong answer with no steps shown.
68. Basic Skills: 3 Questions worth 16 marks.

69.
1. a) If A is a 2 3 matrix, how many rows and how many columns must B have so that AB is a 2 8 matrix?
70.

______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
______
71.
b) If A is an m by n matrix and B is an n by p matrix, what are the dimensions of the product matrix AB?
72.

______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
______
73.
c) Circle the correct terms to make the following sentences true.
74.

## If A is an m by n matrix and B is an r by s matrix:

i)

The matrix AB will exist if number of ROWS / COLUMNS in matrix A, m / n, equals the
number of ROWS / COLUMNS in matrix B, r / s

ii)

The matrix BA will exist if number of ROWS / COLUMNS in matrix B, r / s, equals the number
of ROWS / COLUMNS in matrix A, m / n
75.

## 2. Use the following matrices

5 2
B= 6
76. A= 1 1
4

| |

C=|1 2|

D= 0 1 4
3 5 3

(1 + 1 + 2 = 4 marks)

E= 6 2
1 0

77. to calculate the following, if possible. State if the calculation is not possible.
a) B+ D
d) A + E
78.
79.
80.
b)

C A

e) B A

c)

BC

f) 2 A D

81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.

87. (6 1 = 6 marks)

88.
89.

3. Using the matrices A and B from question 2, find the unknown matrix X if AX = B.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94. (2 marks)
4. For the following sets of simultaneous equations:
i)
Write down the matrices you would use to solve the following simultaneous equations.
ii)
Then using your calculator, solve the matrix equations to find the values of the pronumerals.
95.
5 x +2 y +3 z=83
2 x 7 y=24
x2 y +8 z=108
a) 4 x +3 y=14
b)
2 x + 4 y4 z=28

98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
103.

96.
97.

104.

(2 + 2 = 4 marks)

105.
106.

## Applications & Analysis: 4 Questions worth 16 marks.

107.
1. Matrix E is missing an element.
108.

E=

[ ]
2 1
3

109.
a) If the matrix is singular, calculate the missing value.
110.
111.
112.
b) If the missing value is 2, calculate the inverse of the matrix E.
113.
114.
115.
116.
117.
118.
119.
120.
121.
(2 + 2 = 4 marks)
2. Ashini is having a party and wants to buy packets of party pies (p), sausage rolls (s) and quiches (q) to feed
her guests.

122.
123.
124.
125.

The cost matrix C lists the prices of these foods, in dollars, at two stores.
p

## C= 4.30 5.60 7.80 store 1

4.70 5.70 7.20 store 2

126.
127.The number of packets she needs of each food is listed in Matrix N.
128.
4 p
N= 12 s
129.
5 q

[]

130.
a) Calculate C N

## to find the matrix CN.

131.
132.
133.
134.
b) What do the elements in the matrix CN represent?
135. ____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
c) Ashini decides that she needs to buy 4 more party pies and 3 more sausage rolls.
136. Show the new Matrix N.
137.
138.
139.
140.
141.
142.
d) Calculate how much it will cost her to buy her new quantity of food at each store.
143.
144.
145.
146.
147.
148.
149.
150.
151. (1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 4 marks)
152.

3. The number of roads linking the towns A, B, C and D is represented by the matrix R below.
153.

R=
To

From
A B C

B
C

3
1

0
0

0
0

2
0

154.

155.
a) Draw in the roads that, according to the matrix R, link the towns A, B, C and D.
156.
157.
158.
B
A
159.
160.
161.
D

162.
163.
164.

b) If a new road was to be made linking towns C and D, show how this would change matrix R.
165.

From
A B C D

A
B
C

166.

To

167.
c) Explain where the road represented by the element r 3,1 starts and finishes.
168.

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
169.
170.
171.

(2 + 1 + 1 = 4 marks)

4. Phyllis is a dairy farmer who produces three different cheeses and sells them at a local farmers market.
172.
The table below displays the amount (in kilograms) of cheese she sold at her first three farmers
markets.
173.
174. Market
175. Gouda
176. Mozzarella
177. Parmesan
178. First
179. 6
180. 8
181. 4
182. Second
183. 6
184. 11
185. 3
186. Third
187. 5
188. 10
189. 2
190.
a) Display this information in a matrix S.
191.
192.
193.
194.
195.
196.
197.
198.
She made \$266 at the first market, \$282 at the second and \$235 at the third
199.
b) Display this information in a column matrix R.
200.
201.
202.
203.
204.
205.
206.
c) Use simultaneous equations and matrix methods to calculate how much she charges per kilogram for
each type of cheese.
207.
208.
209.
210.
211.
212.
213.
214.
215.
216.
217.
218.
219.
220.

______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
______
221.

222.

(1 + 1 + 2 = 4 marks)