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Recommended Value

Add HttpOnly flag
The HttpOnly flag instructs the browser to deny access to the cookie through cli
ent side script. As a result, even if a cross-site scripting (XSS) flaw exists,
and a user accidentally accesses a link that exploits this flaw, the browser wil
l not reveal the cookie to a third party.?
The Secure flag tells the browser to send the cookie only if the request is bein
g sent over a secure channel such as HTTPS. This helps protect the cookie from b
eing passed over unencrypted requests.
These additional flags are configured through the following profile parameters:
Profile Parameter
Add Secure flag
Not client-dependentNote
Logout is not available to users on NetWeaver versions below 7.02. Upgrading to
NetWeaver 7.02 or higher is recommended.
Related LinksActivating HTTP Security Session Management on AS ABAP
SAP Fiori Security
Communication 2013 SAP AG or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 7
4 Users4.1 User Administration and Authentication
SAP Fiori applications adopt the user management and authentication mechanisms p
rovided by the SAP NetWeaver platform, specifically SAP NetWeaver Application Se
rver ABAP.
Therefore, the security recommendations and guidelines for user administration a
nd authentication as described in the SAP NetWeaver Application Server ABAP Secu
rity Guide also apply to the applications except in certain aspects such as auth
entication. The SAP NetWeaver Application Server ABAP Security Guide contains th
e following information:?
User management?
The user management concept, the tools used for user management, and the types o
f users required?
User Authentication and Single Sign-On?
The authentication options supported and how they are integrated with SAP Single
Sign-On mechanisms?
Authorization and roles?
An overview of the authorization concept for mobile applications, authorization
settings, network and communication security, and standard authorization roles?
Standard Authorization Objects?
A summary of password-related security issues
The SAP NetWeaver Application Server ABAP Security Guide is available on the SAP
Help Portal, or via the link in Related Links.
The applications use the following user management concepts:Users in the Backend
System (SU01, PFCG) Existing users are relevant for the backend system. The aut
horizations required for a particular application are provided using a PFCG role
delivered for each application. For more information, see Authorizations and Ro
les in this guide.Note
If you enable users who never directly access the backend system, you should cre
ate these users in the backend system without a password. This protects them aga
inst attacks that exploit incorrect or insecure password handling (these users a
re unlikely to change the initial password if they do not actually need to).User
s in SAP NetWeaver Gateway (SU01, PFCG)
Users also require a user ID for the SAP NetWeaver Gateway layer. They must have
the same username as the users in the backend system. The user requires certain
authorizations that allow the services of the application to be triggered in th
e backend. If you copy the users from the backend users, note the following reco

8 2013 SAP AG or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved.
SAP Fiori Security
If you use SSO2 logon tickets to authenticate the requests from the mobile devic
e on SAP NetWeaver Gateway, you should copy the user without any password. This
protects against attacks based on incorrect or insecure password handling.?
The same recommendations apply if you prefer to create users from scratch. If us
ers already exist in SAP NetWeaver Gateway, these steps are not relevant. Authen
tication can be carried out with the same credentials as for the existing applic
ation.To authenticate users, you can set up integration with your existing SSO s
olution based on SAP Logon Tickets or SAML. The user name in the system that iss
ues the logon tickets has to be the same as the user name for the Gateway system
and backend system.
Related LinksSAP NetWeaver Application Server ABAP Security GuideUser Authentica
tion and Single Sign-On [page 10]SAP Fiori applications support the following au
thentication and single sign-on mechanisms.4.1.1 User Creation and Authorization
Follow this procedure to create users and assign authorizations to them:1.
Create users on the SAP NetWeaver Gateway system and on the application backend
Decide on your preferred mechanism for user authentication and SSO.3.
Create dedicated authorizations for application users in the Gateway system.4.1.
2 User Management Tools
For information about the tools used for user management and user administration
with these applications, refer to the documentation, User and Role Administrati
on of AS ABAP.Note
For user notification about initial logon and activation, a user management tool
is often used to send out an e-mail containing the necessary logon information.
Related LinksUser and Role Administration of AS ABAP4.1.3 User Types
You may have to employ different security policies for different types of users.
For SAP Fiori, the following minimum user types are required:?
Individual user
Individual users provide access to an application and to administrative tasks.
SAP Fiori Security
Users 2013 SAP AG or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 9
Technical user
Technical users enable data communication between systems.
Related LinksUser Types4.1.4 User Data Synchronization
Users must have the same user name in SAP NetWeaver Gateway as they do in the ba
ckend system. You can use the Central User Administration