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Solutions to Avoid Water Pollution

Water pollution is a problem that isn't new to us. It has been around since time immemorial, though
its severity has only recently caught the attention of environmentalists the world over. Although
there are a lot of strict laws in the United States to protect clean water, unfortunately, they haven't
been followed up with adequate action. In fact, the problem is so grave that the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) has declared 40% of lakes, streams, and rivers unsafe for swimming and
fishing. So now, along with prevention, there is also a need to cure this problem. Given below are a
few tips that can help each one of us contribute towards this endeavor.
Enforcing Existing Laws
One of the most straightforward solutions is to make water protection laws more stringent, and to
penalize anyone who's found breaking them. This is one of the best ways to prevent water pollution,
and though it might not be that easy to implement, owing to the fact that it involves many high
profile industrialists and politics, if a united effort is made it can be achieved.
Stop Deforestation
All the different types of environmental pollution are interrelated. For example, forests are mainly
responsible for absorbing rainwater and soaking it up. However, due to the population explosion in
the past few decades, residential complexes and industries have spread, leading to rampant
deforestation. Due to this, the rainwater is getting diverted directly into the streams, not only overexposing the soil and taking away the fertile part of it, but also carrying pollutants in the form of
sediment along with it. Thus, one of the important solutions to check water pollution is to simply
plant more trees. Doing so will help keep the water clean, and would, at the same time, also help
reduce air pollution.
Preventing Oil Spills
Oil spills in the oceans have disastrous consequences on the marine ecosystem. The government can
play an important role in preventing this by strictly regulating and inspecting the movement of
commercial ships, and by educating citizens about the adverse effects of oil spills.
Check Excessive Emissions
The emissions from our vehicles include different harmful compounds like sulfur dioxide and
nitrogen oxides, which are released into the air. These compounds typically rise up high in the
atmosphere, and can travel for vast distances. They chemically combine with moisture, oxygen, and
other gases to form an acidic pollutant known as acid rain, which in turn causes water pollution
when it enters the different water-bodies. Acid rain is extremely harmful to the health of plants and
animals. It is known to wipe out forests, and also disrupt the delicate balance of the aquatic
ecosystems in the lakes and rivers.

Another cause of water pollution is the

emission of mercury into the
atmosphere. Natural sources of mercury
emission include volcanic eruptions. It
also enters the atmosphere through
human activities like burning of coal,
small-scale gold mining, etc. Mercury
emitted into the atmosphere is capable
of traveling for thousands of miles
before it comes back down to the Earth
along with rainfall or in a dry gaseous
form. Many studies have shown that fish
and other wildlife from various ecosystems commonly attain mercury levels of toxicological concern
when this mercury enters the aquatic ecosystem of lakes and rivers.
Thus, it becomes important to reduce emissions and to only use vehicles that have cleared all the
emission tests mandated by the state. In addition to this, mercury poisoning should be checked by
regulating the industrial processes that are responsible for it.
Be the Change
Before blaming others for their role in polluting water, we must first get our own actions in line. The
fact is that, each one of us contributes daily to the damage that is done to our environment. So, the
best way to deal with it is to start making small changes in our own homes and communities.
Check for any illegal setup of pipes that may be causing waste flow from the outflow pipe into the
nearby creek. Try to help your own locality and neighboring localities set up programs which will
ensure periodic cleaning and maintenance of septic tanks.
One of the best ways to check water pollution is to conserve water. This will significantly help
reduce the workload on the already overworked septic system. Also, we must try and reduce our
reliance on plastic. The plastic industry is one of the major sources of water pollution, as their
chemicals and waste products which are dumped into the rivers and other water bodies are nonbiodegradable.
These are just a few of the measures that we all can take to end the crisis of water pollution.
Everyone needs to come together for this purpose, and at the same time contribute in their own
small but significant way towards the preservation of our environment.