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Type VS1 and VS6 Vertical Turbine Pumps

Wet Pit and Double Casing

Type VS1 and VS6 Vertical Turbine Pumps Wet Pit and Double Casing Marc Buckler Flowserve Corporation

Marc Buckler

Flowserve Corporation

Type VS1 and VS6 Vertical Turbine Pumps Wet Pit and Double Casing Marc Buckler Flowserve Corporation
Type VS1 and VS6 Vertical Turbine Pumps Wet Pit and Double Casing Marc Buckler Flowserve Corporation

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Marc Buckler Product Manager - Vertical Pumps Flowserve Corporation Taneytown, MD, USA

Marc Buckler

Product Manager - Vertical Pumps Flowserve Corporation Taneytown, MD, USA

Marc Buckler Product Manager - Vertical Pumps Flowserve Corporation Taneytown, MD, USA Calgary Pump Symposium 2013
Marc Buckler Product Manager - Vertical Pumps Flowserve Corporation Taneytown, MD, USA Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Marc Buckler Product Manager - Vertical Pumps Flowserve Corporation Taneytown, MD, USA Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Topics

Configurations & Construction

Pump Features

Design & Analysis

Sump Design

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Configurations

&

Construction

Engineered Flexibility

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Open or Enclosed Lineshaft Construction OR Open – Product Lubrication Enclosed – Oil Lubrication Calgary Pump

Open or Enclosed Lineshaft Construction

Open or Enclosed Lineshaft Construction OR Open – Product Lubrication Enclosed – Oil Lubrication Calgary Pump

OR

Open Product Lubrication

Enclosed Oil Lubrication

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Discharge Head Configurations
Discharge Head Configurations

Cast Discharge Head

Discharge Head Configurations Cast Discharge Head Fabricated Discharge Head OR Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Fabricated Discharge Head

OR

Discharge Head Configurations Cast Discharge Head Fabricated Discharge Head OR Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Suction & Discharge Configurations Above Ground Suction Below Ground Suction Above Ground Discharge Below Ground Discharge

Suction & Discharge Configurations

Suction & Discharge Configurations Above Ground Suction Below Ground Suction Above Ground Discharge Below Ground Discharge
Suction & Discharge Configurations Above Ground Suction Below Ground Suction Above Ground Discharge Below Ground Discharge

Above Ground Suction

Below Ground Suction

Above Ground

Discharge

Below Ground Discharge

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Impeller Constructions
Impeller Constructions
  • Maintains efficiency by close running clearances between lower shroud and bowl

Impeller Constructions  Maintains efficiency by close running clearances between lower shroud and bowl Enclosed Impeller

Enclosed Impeller

  • Provides an increase in efficiency over enclosed impellers

  • More suitable for services with solids

  • Limited in number of stages

Impeller Constructions  Maintains efficiency by close running clearances between lower shroud and bowl Enclosed Impeller

Semi-Open Impeller

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Impeller Constructions
Impeller Constructions
Impeller Constructions Semi-Open Enclosed Calgary Pump Symposium 2013
Impeller Constructions Semi-Open Enclosed Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Semi-Open

Enclosed

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Impeller Mounting Configurations
Impeller Mounting
Configurations
  • Provides interference fit between bowl shaft and impeller

Impeller Mounting Configurations  Provides interference fit between bowl shaft and impeller Colleted Impeller  Positively

Colleted Impeller

  • Positively locked to shaft

  • Stainless steel slotted keys prevent radial movement

  • Stainless steel split ring keys prevent axial movement

  • Commonly used for extreme temperature applications

Impeller Mounting Configurations  Provides interference fit between bowl shaft and impeller Colleted Impeller  Positively

Keyed Impeller

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Wear Ring Construction
Wear Ring Construction
  • Available on enclosed impellers and most bowls

  • Installed with interference fit

  • Roll pins positively lock the rings in place

Wear Ring Construction  Available on enclosed impellers and most bowls  Installed with interference fit

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

O-Ring Construction
O-Ring Construction
  • Provides a positive seal of all flanged joints

  • Located at rabbet fits on bowl and column joints

  • Also included at discharge head to suction can fit

O-Ring Construction  Provides a positive seal of all flanged joints  Located at rabbet fits

Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

Sealing Configurations
Sealing Configurations
  • Various Mechanical Seals

    • Single, dual, split seals

    • Balanced or unbalanced

    • Piping plan 13 minimum

  • Stuffing Box (Packed Box)

    • Low, high, extra high packed boxes

    • Plan 13 required for 100 psi or greater

  • Sealing Configurations  Various Mechanical Seals  Single, dual, split seals  Balanced or unbalanced 

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Driver Configurations
    Driver Configurations
    Driver Configurations  Motors, Solid or Hollow Shaft  Variable Frequency Drives  Engines with Right
    • Motors, Solid or Hollow Shaft

      • Variable Frequency Drives

    • Engines with Right Angle Gear Drives

    • Steam Turbines

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Question:

    I have an application where the

    pumping liquid is municipal water. What pump configuration do I select?

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Answer:

    Consider a Wet-Pit VS1

    with Product Lubrication

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VS1

    Standard Features

    Product Lubrication

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication
    VTP Standard Features
    Open-Product Lubrication

    Basket Strainer (Optional)

    • Prevents unwanted debris from entering pump

    • Design exceeds HI standards

    Bell Bearing

    • Provides maximum shaft support

    • Permanently grease lubricated for reliability

    Suction Bell

    • Provides efficient flow into eye of first stage impeller

    Sand Collar

    • Prevents grit from entering into bell bearing

    Wear Rings (Optional)

    • Renews clearances and efficiency

    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication • Basket Strainer (Optional)  Prevents unwanted debris from entering pump

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication
    VTP Standard Features
    Open-Product Lubrication
    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication  Lock Collet  Provides interference fit to hold impeller to
    • Lock Collet

      • Provides interference fit to hold impeller to bowl shaft

    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication  Lock Collet  Provides interference fit to hold impeller to
    • Impellers - Enclosed & Semi-Open

      • Designed for maximum coverage of all applications

    • Bowl Bearings

      • High length to diameter ratio on both sides of the impeller to provide rigid support for the bowl shaft

    • Discharge Case or Bowl/Column Adapter

      • Hydraulic adapter ensures efficient transfer of flow to various column sizes

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication
    VTP Standard Features
    Open-Product Lubrication

    Open Lineshaft Construction

    • Allows lineshaft bearings to be lubricated by pumped liquid

    Bearing Bracket with Rubber Lineshaft Bearings

    • Fits integrally between column sections to maintain alignment

    • Spaced to provide adequate shaft support

    Column Pipe

    • Available threaded as shown to minimize well casing diameter

    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication • Open Lineshaft Construction  Allows lineshaft bearings to be lubricated

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication
    VTP Standard Features
    Open-Product Lubrication
    • Discharge Head

    VTP Standard Features Open-Product Lubrication  Discharge Head  ASME 125# or 250# flat face flange
    • ASME 125# or 250# flat face flange

    • Provides smooth transition of pumped liquid to discharge piping

    • Functions as mounting base for driver

    • Pre-lubrication Connection

      • Allows external lubrication for deep set pumps

    • High Pressure Stuffing Box

      • Allows working pressures up to 20 bar (300 psi)

    • Vertical Hollow Shaft Motor

      • Extends head shaft through the motor

      • Provides impeller adjustment with an adjusting nut at the top of the motor

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Question:

    What if my pumping liquid contains

    some abrasives?

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Answer:

    Consider a Wet-Pit VS1

    with Enclosed Lineshaft / Oil Lubrication

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VTP

    Standard Features

    Enclosed Lineshaft Oil Lubrication

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VTP Standard Features Enclosed-Oil Lubrication
    VTP Standard Features
    Enclosed-Oil Lubrication
    • Tension Bearing Assembly with Oil Tank

      • Holds the enclosing tube and lineshaft bearings in alignment

      • Provides a chamber for the lubricant to as it enters the enclosing tube

      • Oil tank provided with shut off valve, sight feed regulator and lubrications lines

    VTP Standard Features Enclosed-Oil Lubrication  Tension Bearing Assembly with Oil Tank  Holds the enclosing

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VTP Standard Features Enclosed-Oil Lubrication
    VTP Standard Features
    Enclosed-Oil Lubrication
    • Enclosing Tube Stabilizer

      • Maintains rigidity and alignment of the enclosing tube

    • Enclosing Tube

      • Provides protection from the pumped liquid

      • Used with metal lineshaft bearings

    VTP Standard Features Enclosed-Oil Lubrication  Enclosing Tube Stabilizer  Maintains rigidity and alignment of the

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VTP Standard Features Enclosed-Oil Lubrication
    VTP Standard Features
    Enclosed-Oil Lubrication
    • Discharge Case with Bypass Port

      • Allows positive flow of the lubricant into the enclosing tube to lubricate lineshaft bearings

    VTP Standard Features Enclosed-Oil Lubrication  Discharge Case with Bypass Port  Allows positive flow of

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Optional Standard Features Enclosed Lubrication
    Optional Standard Features
    Enclosed Lubrication
    • Fresh Water Injection Lubrication

      • Uses injection assembly with packing in lieu of tube tension assembly

    • Flush Line to Suction Bearing (up to 20 feet)

      • Provides fresh water flush to bowl bearings

    • Rifle Drilled Pump Shaft

      • Provides fresh water flush to bowl bearings

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Question:

    What if my application has limited

    NPSH available?

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Answer:

    Consider a Double Casing VS6

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Standard Features

    Non-API VS6 Pump

    Standard Features Non-API VS6 Pump Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features Non-API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    Non-API Can Pump
    • Solid Shaft Motor with Thrust Bearing

      • Shaft extension allows motor to be coupled to pump

      • Includes thrust bearing to withstand the total hydraulic thrust as well as the rotor weight

  • Motor Alignment

    • Precision rabbet fit aids in the alignment of the motor to the pump shaft

    • Pumps with larger motors are supplied with motor alignment screws

  • OSHA Non-Spark Coupling Guards

    • Provides safety while allowing visual inspection of

  • the coupling without guard removal

    VPC Standard Features Non-API Can Pump  Solid Shaft Motor with Thrust Bearing  Shaft extension

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features Non-API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    Non-API Can Pump
    • Fabricated Discharge Head

      • Fabricated with ANSI 150# or 300# slip-on flanges

      • Functions as a mounting base for driver

      • 0.50” NPT discharge pressure gauge, suction vent, and drain taps

  • Lifting Lugs

    • Permits economical two point lifting method of pump during installation and maintenance

  • Rigid, Adjustable Flanged Coupling

    • Provides the proper impeller clearance adjustment

    • A spacer coupling allows access to the mechanical seal without removing the motor

  • High Pressure Seal Chamber

    • Accommodates low, high and extra high packed boxes or mechanical seal arrangements

  • VPC Standard Features Non-API Can Pump  Fabricated Discharge Head  Fabricated with ANSI 150# or

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features Non-API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    Non-API Can Pump
    • Fabricated Suction Can

      • Creates optimum hydraulic conditions through the suction flange inlet into the suction bell

    • Threaded or Keyed Lineshaft Couplings

      • Positively locks sections of lineshaft together

    • Open Lineshaft Construction

      • Allows lineshaft bearings to be lubricated by the pumped fluid

    • Flanged Column Assembly

      • Utilizes precision rabbet fits to ensure proper alignment of each section

      • Provides transition from bowl assembly to discharge

    VPC Standard Features Non-API Can Pump  Fabricated Suction Can  Creates optimum hydraulic conditions through

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features Non-API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    Non-API Can Pump
    • Bearing Retainers with Bearings

      • Provides shaft support in column assembly

      • Retainers are spaced between column sections

      • Pumps with larger column sizes ( >16”) are supplied with integral retainers

  • Enclosed or Semi-Open Impellers

    • Cast to provide smooth passageways for more efficient fluid flow

    • First stage impeller available with low NPSH design

  • Colleted or Keyed Impellers

    • Provides method of fasting impeller to shaft with an interference fit or a positive locking design

  • VPC Standard Features Non-API Can Pump  Bearing Retainers with Bearings  Provides shaft support in

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Question:

    What if my application has limited

    NPSH available and compliance to API specifications are required?

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Answer:

    Consider a Double

    Casing API VS6 Pump

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Standard Features

    API VS6 Pump

    Standard Features API VS6 Pump Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump  Motor Alignment Screws  Provided for use with motors
    • Motor Alignment Screws

      • Provided for use with motors over 500 pounds

      • Aids in the alignment of the motor to the pump shaft

  • Solid Shaft Motor with Thrust Bearing

    • Motor shaft runout of 0.001 inch total indicated runout (TIR) contributes to the low vibration and overall pump and motor rotor balance

  • Precision, Rigid Adjustable Spacer Coupling

    • Provides easy rotor lift adjustments for renewing critical impeller clearances and pump efficiency

    • Allows seal removal without disturbing the motor

  • Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    API Can Pump
    • Cartridge Mechanical Seal with Plan 13

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump  Cartridge Mechanical Seal with Plan 13  Seal chamber
    • Seal chamber is suitable for single or dual seals

    • Plan 13 provides continuous seal chamber venting

    • Seal Chamber with Jackscrews

      • Used to separate mating parts easily during disassembly

    • Weld Neck Flanges

      • Used for suction and discharge connections

      • Increase maximum allowable working pressure

      • Provide higher nozzle loading capabilities then threaded or slip-on welded flanges

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump  Cartridge Mechanical Seal with Plan 13  Seal chamber
    • Flanged Vent Connection (Not Shown)

      • Allows pump to be vented upon initial operation

      • Can be pressurized to purge liquid from suction can when a suction can drain is supplied

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    API Can Pump
    • Lineshaft Bearing Spacing

      • Optimized to ensure long bearing life, low

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump  Lineshaft Bearing Spacing  Optimized to ensure long bearing

    vibration and increased mechanical seal life

    • Separate Sole Plate (Optional)

      • Allows removal of suction can without disturbing the foundation

    • Internal Suction Can Drain (Optional)

      • Allows the suction can to be drained of pumping liquid prior to removing the pump

    • Studs & Nuts

      • Prevent thread damage common with capscrew removal

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    API Can Pump
    • One Piece Shaft

      • Eliminates threaded shaft couplings which cause

    increased shaft runout, higher vibration and weaker joints

    • Available up to 6 m (20 ft)

    • Open Lineshaft Construction

    • Keyed Impellers

      • Key and split-ring design positively locks the impeller to the shaft, eliminating undesired movement

    • O-Ring Construction

      • Provides a positive seal of all flanged joints

      • Located at rabbet fits on bowl and column joints

      • Also included at discharge head to suction can fit

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump  One Piece Shaft  Eliminates threaded shaft couplings which

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    VPC Standard Features API Can Pump
    VPC Standard Features
    API Can Pump
    • Pressure Casing

      • Consists of suction can and discharge head

      • Designed to ASME standards

      • Able to withstand API’s specified corrosion allowances

  • Dynamically Balanced Impellers

    • Enclosed impellers balanced to ISO 1940-1 Gr G2.5

  • Bowl & Impeller Wear Rings

    • Provide a quick and easy way to renew clearances and pump efficiency

    • Roll pins positively lock the rings in place

    • Impeller wear rings are integral as standard

  • VPC Standard Features API Can Pump  Pressure Casing  Consists of suction can and discharge

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Intake

    Design

    Pump Intake Design Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Hydraulic Institute Standards

    Section 9.8

    Provides guidelines for Sump design Model studies Remedial measures

    Hydraulic Institute Standards Section 9.8 • Provides guidelines for • Sump design • Model studies •

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Sump Design

    Recommended design

    Sump Design • Recommended design Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Intake Model Study

    Model study recommended for:

    Single pump with flow > 40,000 gpm Total station flow > 100,000 gpm

    Intake Model Study • Model study recommended for: • Single pump with flow > 40,000 gpm

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Acceptance Criteria

    No organized free surface and/or subsurface vortices should enter the pump Pre-swirl limited to 5° from the axial direction Velocity fluctuations at the impeller less than 10% Time averaged velocities within +/- 10% of the mean velocity (Turbulence)

    Acceptance Criteria • No organized free surface and/or subsurface vortices should enter the pump • Pre-swirl

    Model Pump

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Baseline Test

    Baseline Test Sidewall Vortex Surface Vortex Floor Vortex Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Sidewall Vortex

    Baseline Test Sidewall Vortex Surface Vortex Floor Vortex Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Surface Vortex

    Baseline Test Sidewall Vortex Surface Vortex Floor Vortex Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Floor Vortex

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Remedial Measures

    Modifications at entrance to pump bay

    Modifications in pump bay

    Remedial Measures Modifications at entrance to pump bay Modifications in pump bay Curtain Wall Baffles Fillet
    Remedial Measures Modifications at entrance to pump bay Modifications in pump bay Curtain Wall Baffles Fillet

    Curtain Wall Baffles

    Remedial Measures Modifications at entrance to pump bay Modifications in pump bay Curtain Wall Baffles Fillet

    Fillet

    Splitter

    Grating

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Remedial Measures

    Remedial Measures Vane grating baskets Calgary Pump Symposium 2013
    Remedial Measures Vane grating baskets Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Vane grating baskets

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Final Testing

    Final Testing Flow along floor with modifications Flow streamline along sidewall fillet Flow streamlines entering pump

    Flow along floor with modifications

    Final Testing Flow along floor with modifications Flow streamline along sidewall fillet Flow streamlines entering pump

    Flow streamline along sidewall fillet

    Final Testing Flow along floor with modifications Flow streamline along sidewall fillet Flow streamlines entering pump

    Flow streamlines entering pump

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Suction Can Design

    Suction Can Design • Guidelines for: • Can length • Suction flange location • Flow vanes

    Guidelines for:

    Can length Suction flange location Flow vanes Can diameter

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Summary

    Potential problems identified and corrected using physical modeling

    The approach of using HI Standards with physical modeling provides the best chance for success

    The approach minimizes performance problems, O&M costs, and outages

    Summary • Potential problems identified and corrected using physical modeling • The approach of using HI
    Summary • Potential problems identified and corrected using physical modeling • The approach of using HI
    Summary • Potential problems identified and corrected using physical modeling • The approach of using HI

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Pump Analysis • Structural Analysis  Includes:  Reed Critical Frequency (RCF) – Above Ground –

    Structural Analysis

    • Includes:

      • Reed Critical Frequency (RCF)

    Above Ground

    Below Ground

    • Nozzle Load Calculations

    • Foundation Load Calculations

    • Seismic Calculations

    • Anchor Bolt Calculations

    • Lifting Lug Calculations

    RotoDynamic Analysis

     Includes:  Torsional  Lateral Thermal Analysis
    Includes:
    Torsional
    Lateral
    Thermal Analysis
    • Elongation and stresses

    • Temperature gradient

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    • Why is it done?

      • Determine the natural frequency of the combined motor & pump system

      • Prevent excessive vibration

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis  Why is it done?  Determine the natural frequency
    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis  Why is it done?  Determine the natural frequency

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Design Standards
    Design Standards

    When is it required?

    • All VFD applications

    • To meet Hydraulic Institute and API 610 vibration limits

    • Motors > 260 kW (350 HP)

    • Design speeds ≤ 900 rpm

    • Design speed ≥ 3000 rpm AND > 7.5 m (25 ft)

     
    • Customer request

    Inputs required

    Required Modifications

    • Motor Outline Drawing, Weight

    • Motor RCF (+/- 10%), CoG

    • Foundation stiffness / spring rates

    • Discharge head size

    • Discharge head type (TF, HF, etc)

    • Pressure rating (wall thickness, etc)

    • Discharge head wall thickness

    • Ribs/gussets

    • Customer foundation

    • Possible lockout speed range

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Design Standards
    Design Standards

    Operating Speed Range

    • From a hydraulic standpoint, 30% of the operating speed can be considered a reasonable operating speed range

    • Greater than 30% should allow for lockout speeds

      • The predicted lockout speed will be defined in a +/-20% range; however, the actual lockout typically only requires a +/-5% speed range to be avoided.

    • Need to avoid sub-synchronous whirl (below ground instability)

      • Typically 30%-50% of maximum design speed

      • Critical for pumps with hard bearings

  • Need to avoid second critical frequency

    • Issues typically occur on high speed pumps with TF style discharge heads

  • Separation Margin

    • Minimum of separation factor above and below the running speed range is standard for the reed critical analysis

      • +/- 20% separation for speeds 1200 rpm and greater

      • +25% / -20% separation for speeds 900 rpm and less

  • This is not a guaranteed factor or operating speed range

  • Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Flexible System (With Lockout Speeds)
    Flexible System (With Lockout Speeds)
    Operating Speed Range Predicted RCF Range Actual Blockout Range Speed Speed
    Operating Speed Range
    Predicted
    RCF Range
    Actual
    Blockout
    Range
    Speed
    Speed

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Flexible System (No Lockout Speeds)
    Flexible System (No Lockout Speeds)
    Operating Speed Range Predicted RCF Range Actual Blockout Range Speed Speed
    Operating Speed Range
    Predicted
    RCF Range
    Actual
    Blockout
    Range
    Speed
    Speed

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Rigid System
    Rigid System
    Operating Speed Range Predicted RCF Range Actual Blockout Range Speed Speed
    Operating Speed Range
    Predicted
    RCF Range
    Actual
    Blockout
    Range
    Speed
    Speed

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Design Factors
    Design Factors

    System frequency varies by:

    • Motor manufacturer

      • Base Diameter

      • Frame Size

      • Weight

      • Center of Gravity

      • Reed Critical Frequency

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Cases To Avoid
    Cases To Avoid

    Cast Heads have limited use for VFD applications.

    • Cast heads always have a system natural frequency below the

    operating speed (flexible system)

    • Better for higher RPM applications (1800-3600rpm)

    • Not much can be done to stiffen the system

    100% of Operating Speed Range

    • Must have system natural frequency higher than the operating speed (rigid system)

    • Requires proper selection of the motor to even be physically possible

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis
    Special Case
    Special Case

    A standard RCF analysis is only on the above ground portion

    Below ground analysis performed only on special

    case basis

    • Ex. Can pump, 35’ long, small pump size

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis Special Case • A standard RCF analysis is only on
    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency Analysis Special Case • A standard RCF analysis is only on

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Nozzle Load Calculations
    Pump Analysis
    Nozzle Load Calculations

    Why is it done?

    • Limit deflection at the stuffing box

    • Reduce stresses in the discharge head

    Pump Analysis Nozzle Load Calculations • Why is it done?  Limit deflection at the stuffing
    Pump Analysis Nozzle Load Calculations • Why is it done?  Limit deflection at the stuffing

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Nozzle Load Calculations
    Pump Analysis
    Nozzle Load Calculations

    Inputs Required:

    • Pump loading

    • Foundation design

    • Motor weight

    • Customer imposed loads

    When is it required?

    • If the imposed reaction forces or

    moments exceed the allowable load

    • When nozzle position differs from standard (PRM)

    • Customer request

    Required Modifications:

    • Add ribs to the discharge head

    • Thicken the discharge head riser

    NOTES:
    NOTES:
    • More difficult to obtain higher loads on

      • TF style heads vs HF heads.

      • Discharges heads with 3-piece elbow design.

      • Pumps in a flexible system

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Foundation Load Calculations
    Pump Analysis
    Foundation Load Calculations
    Pump Analysis Foundation Load Calculations  Why is it done?  Determines load imparted on foundation.
    • Why is it done?

      • Determines load imparted on foundation.

      • Allows proper sizing of anchor bolts, foundation, etc.

    Pump Analysis Foundation Load Calculations  Why is it done?  Determines load imparted on foundation.

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Foundation Load Calculations
    Pump Analysis
    Foundation Load Calculations

    Inputs required

    • Pump and motor weight

    • Nozzle loads

    • Pumpage weight

    Optional inputs

    • Start-up and locked rotor torque

    • Unrestrained piping

    • Motor imbalance

    • Other

    Required modifications

    • N/A For reference only

    When is it required?

    • Customer request

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Seismic Calculations
    Pump Analysis
    Seismic Calculations

    Why is it done?

    • System anchorage is designed to withstand a seismic event

    Inputs required

    • Foundation loading (optional)

    • Specific design code (IBC is

    standard)

    • Site seismic data

    Required Modifications

    • Anchor bolt size or quantity

    • Foundation (size, embedment,

    strength)

    When is it required?

    • Customer request

    Example per IBC
    Example per IBC

    Analyzed in X, Y, & Z directions

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Anchor Bolt
    Pump Analysis
    Anchor Bolt

    Why is it done?

    • System anchorage is designed to withstand operating loads

    Inputs required

    • Pump and motor weight

    • Nozzle loads

    • Pumpage weight

    Required Modifications

    • Anchor bolt size or quantity

    • Foundation (size, embedment, strength) When is it required?

    • Customer request

    • When anchor bolts are supplied by Flowserve

    Pump Analysis Anchor Bolt • Why is it done?  System anchorage is designed to withstand

    Example per ACI (American Concrete Institute)

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Lifting Lug
    Pump Analysis
    Lifting Lug

    Why is it done?

    • To ensure the pump can be safely lifted using

    the provisions provided Inputs required

    • Pump weight

    • Discharge head style

    • Pump components (column size, etc)

    • Intended installation method (fully assembled,

    components, etc)

    Required Modifications

    • Lug redesign

    • Discharge head wall thickness

    When is it required?

    • If Flowserve standards are exceeded

      • Weight and diameter dependent

    • Customer request

    Pump Analysis Lifting Lug • Why is it done?  To ensure the pump can be
    Pump Analysis Lifting Lug • Why is it done?  To ensure the pump can be

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Torsional Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Torsional Analysis
    • Why is it done? • Required Modifications  Reduce induced torques and stresses  Shaft
    Why is it done?
    Required Modifications
    Reduce induced torques and stresses
    Shaft material change
    Prevent fatigue
    Increase shaft size
    Inputs required
    Modify speed range
    Motor inertia & stiffness
    When is it required?
    Customer request
    When required by API 610

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Lateral Analysis (Critical Speed)
    Pump Analysis
    Lateral Analysis (Critical Speed)

    Why is it done?

    • Prevent displacement

    • Minimize vibration

    Inputs required Only pump data

    Required Modifications

    • Modify speed range

    • Change bearing material or spacing

    When is it required?

    Pump Analysis Lateral Analysis (Critical Speed) • Why is it done?  Prevent displacement  Minimize
    • Flowserve standard

    • Optional analysis method using FEA per customer request.

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Reed Critical Frequency vs Critical Speed
    Pump Analysis
    Reed Critical Frequency vs Critical Speed

    Reed Critical Frequency Analysis

    Structural Analysis

    • Determines system frequency based on combination of pump, motor and foundation data.

    • Both above and below ground frequencies exist

    Critical Speed Analysis

    Rotodynamic Analysis

    • Determines bearing spacing

    • Inputs from pump only

      • No impact from motor or foundation

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Pump Analysis Thermal Analysis
    Pump Analysis
    Thermal Analysis

    Why is it done?

    • Predict temperature gradient

    • Determine pump growth rates and total elongation

    Inputs required Ambient conditions

    Vendor temperature limits (motor, coupling, etc)

    Cooling provisions

    Operational conditions (temperature cycles)

    Required Modifications Custom design per application

    When is it required?

    Applications > 260 C (500 F)

    Customer request

    Pump Analysis Thermal Analysis • Why is it done?  Predict temperature gradient  Determine pump
    Pump Analysis Thermal Analysis • Why is it done?  Predict temperature gradient  Determine pump

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013

    Calgary Pump Symposium 2013