You are on page 1of 4

Principles

Materials should be clearly linked to


the curriculum they serve
Materials should be authentic in
terms of text and task
Materials should stimulate
interaction

Criteria for
adaptations

Materials should encourage learners to


develop skills, and skills in learning

Select learning material that fits to


the learners needs.

Make the learning relevant and


purposeful.

Relate your teaching materials to


your objectives and aims. You should
choose a material that your students
can use effectively for their own
purposes

Meet the learners needs, both


external and psychological.
Material must involve the learner
thinking development

Material need to be reliable

Tomlinson, B.. (2011). Materials Development in Language Teaching 2nd Edition. London:
Cambridge University Press.

Materials should encourage learners to apply


their developing skills to the world beyond the
classroom

Select learning
materials that fits
and relavant to the
learner needsSelect
learning material
that fits to the
learners needs.

Motivate learners
and educators to
examine their own
attitudes
behaviour
,responsibilities as
citizen in our
society.

Must be related to
the syllabus and the
curriculum policy
that had been
stated by the
goverment

Principles
of materials
selection and
adptation

Give oppurtunities
for the children to
use and evaluate
the materials

Encourage
understanding of
many important
contributions made
by people with
disabilities and
minority groups.

Tomlinson, B.. (2011). Materials Development in Language Teaching 2nd Edition. London:
Cambridge University Press.

support an inclusive
curriculum that
helping children to
aware of thier
society and others

Represent a range
of views on all the
issues

Novelty : e.g illustrations and activities

Variety : e.g
different
activities,
Materials
should
achieve
different
text
type
impact

PRINCIPLES OF MATERIALS SELECTION AND

Attractive presentation : e.g photo,


colourful
Content
: interesting
which with
Learner
feel moretopic
comfortable
offer
something
new
written material with a lot of white
space rather than combined so many
in one
page.
Achievableactivities
: challenging
task
that

Materials should
help the learners to
feel at ease.

can make the learner think.


Used texts and illustrations that
related to the learner culture
Material that are more relaxed which can
help them learn rather than testing them

Materials should
help the learners to
develop confidence.

Tomlinson, B.. (2011). Materials Development in Language Teaching 2nd Edition. London:
Cambridge University Press.

Develop learner creativity and imagination

Help the learners to feel successful by asking them to


use simple language to complete an easy task. Eg, fill in
the blanks, writing simple sentences
Provides activities which try to push them beyond their
existing profiency by engaging them in tasks which are
simulating, problematic but can be achievable.

Learners commitment

Five basic principles to


consider:

Learner involve n the adaptation process by


engaging their interest of the teaching
materials

Learners as a writer and


collaborator

Working cooperative can develops the role


of collaborator rather than language
receiver.

Learner as a problem solver

Provide learners with meaningful problem


solving.

as afurther
knower
Learners can change Learners
their role yet
becoming knower rather than assimilators.
Learner will be able toLearner
assessas
theevaluators
interest ofand
what they are doing and evaluate
the
assessor
material content.

Learners as passive
participants in syllabus
design

PRINCIPLES OF
MATERIALS SELECTION
AND ADAPTATION
Questions on a text

Substitution tables

Adaptation tasks for


pupils:

Tomlinson, B.. (2011). Materials Development in Language Teaching 2nd Edition. London:
Cambridge University Press.

Adapting a computer
material