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28 October 2004

Presented by
Dr. Andreas Schütze
Airbus

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview


Contents

• History
• Description
• Functional Areas
• Technical Areas
• Digital Deliverables
• ATA SGML Concept
• ATA Data Model
• What’s Next?

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 2


Contents

• History
• Description
• Functional Areas
• Technical Areas
• Digital Deliverables
• ATA SGML Concept
• ATA Data Model
• What’s Next?

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 3


History

Creation of ATA Specification 2200


Digital Data Specifications (iSpec 2200) based on:
(incl. SGML) become - ATA 100
Appendix of ATA 100 - ATA 2100

ATA Specification 100 Creation of ATA


(early digital data Specification 2100 (ATA
specifications included) 100 appendix deleted)

< 1989 1989 - 1993 1994 - 1999 2000

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 4


ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 5
Description

• Recommended specifications for the content, structure,


and deliverables to meet communication requirements
[physical, electronic and future technology] of aircraft
product technical information.
• A suite of data specifications and data models for the
digital representation and exchange of technical data.
• Objective is to:
4Minimize cost and effort expended by operators and OEMs
4Improve information quality and timeliness
4Ensure that manufacturers provide data that meets airline
operational needs

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 6


Functional Areas
• Generic Resources
4 ATA Numbering System
4 Effectivity
• Maintenance Requirements
4 Scheduled maintenance
4 Maintenance Planning
• Maintenance Procedures
4 Maintenance manuals
• Configuration Management
4 Aircraft, engine and
component configurations
4 Next Higher Assembly
and Next Lower Assembly
• Training (SDS only)
• Flight Operations
4 Master minimum
equipment list
4 Flight crew operating
manual
ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 7
Technical Areas
• Data Model
4 Integrated Data Environment
• SGML Specifications
4 DTDRequirements (GenReq, FuncReq, TechReq)
4 SGML Document Type Definitions (DTDs)
• Graphics
4 ATA graphic profile for
TIFF and CGM
4 Intelligent graphics,
wiring diagrams
4 Multi-media
4 Style guide
• Direct Access and Retrieval
4 Retrieval requirements,
language and schemata
4 Direct Access
4 Digital Security
4 Digital Certificates
4 Digital Signatures
• Common Support Data
Dictionary
ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 8
Digital Deliverables
• Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog (AIPC)
• Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM)
• Aircraft Recovery Manual (ARM)
• Component Maintenance Manual (CMM)
• Component Maintenance Manual Parts List (CMMIPL)
• Consumable Products Manual (CPM)
• Engine (Shop) Manual (EM)
• Engine Cleaning Inspection and Repair Manual (CIR)
• Engine Illustrated Parts Catalog (EIPC)
• Engine Parts Configuration Management Section (EPCM)
• Fault Reporting and Fault Isolation Manual (FRM/FIM)
• Flight Crew Operations Manual (FCOM)
• Illustrated Tool and Equipment Manual (ITEM)
• Maintenance Planning Document (MPD)
• Maintenance Review Board Report (MRB)
• Maintenance Steering Group (MSG-3)
• Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL)
• Non-Destructive Testing Manual (NDT)
• Power Plant Build-up Manual (PPBM)
• Power Plant Build-up Manual Illustrated Parts List
(PPBMIPL)
• Production Management Database (PMDB)
• Service Bulletin (SB)
• Service Bulletin Index (SBI)
• Structural Repair Manual (SRM)
• System Description Sections (SDS)
• Tool and Equipment Manual (TEM)
• Weight & Balance Manual (WBM)
• Wiring Diagram Manual (WM)
• Graphics Exchange (GREXCHANGE)
• Intelligent Graphics Exchange (IGEXCHANGE)
ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 9
Contents

• History
• Description
• Functional Areas
• Technical Areas
• Digital Deliverables
• ATA SGML Concept
4What is SGML?
4ATA SGML Methodology and DTDs in ATA iSpec 2200
4Basic ATA SGML Mechanisms (Effectivity, Revisions, …)

• ATA Data Model


• What’s Next?

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 10


ATA SGML Concept: What is SGML? (1/4)

A unique source of information …..


<PROC><TITLE> Operational Test </TITLE>
ble
<WARNING>Make sure that... </WARNING> <STEP>On
ifia Data Loading
the maintenance panel<PANEL> 285VU </PANEL>,push
od
the pushbutton switch...</STEP> <STEP>Open the
circuit breaker...</PROC>
M
EO
Conf.
Data
Technical Databases

Printing Data Consultation


Off-line & On-line
A340-300 JC 2-53-80-48-001-01 795612041
TITLE: FLAP INTERCONNECTING STRUT – INSPECT Position: L/H

Operational Test
Aircraft Check Station WO Duration
Dates
341 C2 YUL 12345678 8 Days 3
Mar 1998 – 11 Mar 1998

WARNING: MAKE A340-300 JC 2-53-80-48-001-01


Aircraft
Dates
Check
FLAP INTERCONNECTING STRUT – INSPECT
Station WO Duration
Position: R/H
Operational Test
Warning : make sure that
SURE 341
Mar 1998 – 11 Mar 1998
C2 YUL 12345678 8 Days 3
hidraulic systems are not
pressurized
JOB CARD
Zone 835
Left Side

COVER PAGE
A. On the maintenance
panel
REFERENCE AMTOSS Task: 27-51-44-200-001
Source Requirement: <MRB reference / hyper-reference>
Periodicity: 1A
3C
5000 hrs
Compliance Plan: <Compliance Matrix ID>
Warranty-in-Effect: YES
Other References: N/A
SPECIAL Electrical Power: YES
CONDITIONS Hydraulic Power: YES
(Entry conditions Pneumatic Power: N/A
differ from check- Fuel Load: N/A
defaults) Other: Flaps 30 degrees
SKILLS Categories: 38
01
CAT

Part Serial
Number Number UNI Number FTN Qty Description
ROTABLES 9791223 13569-98 25-15-132-169 1 Engine
CONSUMABLES AC8624271 N/A 25-982-13 1 Screen assembly w/filter
999-04A-84 N/A 10 Lint free cloth and tricloroethane
TOOLING V-800 Series N/A 42-131-93 2 Sump Drain Tool
B18a3221 N/A 32-104-53 1 Access platform 1.8m (5ft. 11in.)
9807803501 N/A 02-120-95 1 Zero locking flap slat CTL lever

Total Sign-off
FLAP INTERCONNECTING STRUT – INSPECT
Revision Date: May 21, 1998 Page 1 of 3

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 11


ATA SGML Concept: What is SGML? (2/4)

• Separates the three main components of a document:


4Structure
4Contents
4Layout

Content Structure Layout

AMM Helvetica
18pt, Bold
FLIGHT CONTROL
Title Chapter Helvetica
12 pt, Medium
Indentation ...
This chapter . Title Para

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 12


ATA SGML Concept: What is SGML? (3/4)

AMM lang

rep
opt
TITLE INTRO CHAPTER chapnbr
rep
Char PARA TITLE SECTION sectnbr

Char Char Section contents

• The Document Type Definition (DTD) defines the


document structure including:
4Allelements and their attributes
4Element content model
4Element sequence and occurrence
ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 13
ATA SGML Concept: What is SGML? (4/4)

• The SGML document is also called “SGML Instance”


Start tag <CHAPTER
<CHAPTER CHAPNBR="24">
CHAPNBR="24"
Attribute
<TITLE>FLIGHT CONTROLS</TITLE>
initialisation
<SECTION SECTNBR="10">
<TITLE>AILERON</TITLE>
Element contents <PARA>The ailerons. . .
</PARA>
</SECTION>
End tag </CHAPTER>
</CHAPTER>

• SGML mark up language components:


4Elements (start tag, end tag)
4Element content (nested elements, textual content)
4Element attribute initialization

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 14


Chapter 4-2. SGML Based
Methodology and Document
Type Definitions (DTD)

Blue sensitive zones are links


to the CSDD

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Common Support Data Dictionary

Information about an elements / attributes

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 16


Chapter 4-2-3. DTD Technical Requirements

Guidelines for working groups defining DTDs with the objective


to reach maximum commonality between DTDs.

The principal common mechanisms are:


Revision Management,
Effectivity Management,
Graphic Referencing Mechanism,
Cellular Tables,
Internal and External References Management,..

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 17


ATA SGML Concept: Revision Management

<SUBTASK
<SUBTASK
KEY="XX" CHG="R"
KEY="XX" CHG="R" REVDATE
REVDATE="XX" ="XX" ...>
...>
..
..
<LIST2>
<LIST2>
<<L2ITEM>
L2ITEM>
<PARA>
<PARA>
<REVST>Put
<REVST> Putaawarning
warning...... <REVEND>
<REVEND>

Change bar

• Marking revisions at anchor element level:


4KEYattribute: identification key of an element
4REVDATE attribute: date of revision
4CHG attribute (N, R, D, U)

• Marking revision of contents


4Textual revision surrounded by:
– REVST element (revision start)
– REVEND element (revision end)

4Deleted anchor: content replaced by element DELETED


ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 18
ATA SGML Concept: Effectivity Management

<SECTION…..>
<SECTION…..>
<EFFECT
<EFFECT
<EFFECT EFFRG
EFFRG
EFFRG==="101129
"101129
"101129 131199
131199
131199">">">
** ON A/C 101-129, 131-199
<TITLE>DC
<TITLE> DCGENERATION
GENERATION…
…</TITLE>
</TITLE>

• EFFECT element
4EFFRG attribute (aircraft range)
• May be completed by:
4a Service Bulletin condition SBEFF,
4or a Customer Originated Change condition COCEFF

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 19


ATA SGML Concept: Graphic Management

<GRAPHIC …..
<GRAPHIC ….. KEY=
KEY="xx"
"xx">>
<EFFECT>
<EFFECT>
<TITLE>
<TITLE>
<SHEET....
<SHEET
KEY="xx"
KEY= "xx"GNBR="xx"
GNBR="xx"SHEETNBR
SHEETNBR=="xx"
"xx" >>
<EFFECT>
<EFFECT>
<TITLE>
<TITLE>
<SHEET
<SHEET
KEY="xx"
KEY= "xx"GNBR="xx"
GNBR="xx"SHEETNBR
SHEETNBR=="xx"
"xx" >>
<EFFECT>
<EFFECT>
<TITLE>
<TITLE>

• GRAPHIC element: composed of one or several SHEET elements


• SHEET element:
4 GNBR attribute contains a graphic entity
4 SHEETNBR attribute specifies the graphic sheet number

• GRPHCREF element: to refer to a graphic or sheet


ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 20
ATA SGML Concept: Cellular Tables

<TABLE>
<TABLE>
<TGROUP>
<TGROUP>
<COLSPEC> <COLSPEC>
<COLSPEC> <COLSPEC> <COLSPEC>
<COLSPEC>

<THEAD>
<THEAD>
<ROW>
<ROW>
<<ENTRY>
ENTRY> <ENTRY>
<ENTRY> <ENTRY>
<ENTRY>

<TBODY>
<TBODY>
TABLE <ROW>
presentation <ROW>
<<ENTRY>
ENTRY> <ENTRY> <ENTRY>
<ENTRY> <ENTRY>
<ROW>
<ROW>
<<ENTRY>
ENTRY> <ENTRY> <ENTRY>
<ENTRY> <ENTRY>
• Table structure:
4THEAD element (header)
4TBODY element (table body)
4TFOOT element (footer)
4ROW element (table line)
4ENTRY element (table cell)
4COLSPEC, SPANSPEC element (column description)

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 21


ATA SGML Concept: Management of References
• Internal references
<REFINTREFID="EN244200861001">
<REFINT REFID="EN244200861001">

</REFINT>
</REFINT>

<GRPHCREFREFID="EN1234567890">
<GRPHCREF REFID="EN1234567890">

</GRPHCREF>
</GRPHCREF>

• External references
<REFEXTREFMAN="
<REFEXT REFMAN="SSM"
SSM"REFLOC="32-31/05">
REFLOC="32-31/05">

</REFEXT>
</REFEXT>

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 22


Contents

• History
• Description
• Functional Areas
• Technical Areas
• Digital Deliverables
• ATA SGML Concept
• ATA Data Model
4Vision
4What is a Data Model?
4Functional Areas
4Deliverables

• What’s Next?

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 23


ATA Data Model: Vision

Industry wide agreement Flight Operations


on the Information
Architecture for
information transfer
(Structure, Format and
Business Rules) Regulatory Agency Air Traffic Mgmt

Shared Data

Product Marketing Airport Mtce/Ops

Business Support Product Manufacturing


Product Maintenance

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 24


ATA Data Model: What is a Data Model?

• Structured graphical representation of the processes,


business rules and information/data interchanged between
a manufacturer/supplier and operator
• Modeling methodology and techniques provide
information/data in a standard, consistent, and predictable
manner in order to manage data as a resource
• Enables re-engineering of business processes and product
life-cycle information targeted to achieve a world-wide
accepted Integrated Data Environment

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 25


ATA Data Model: What is a Data Model?

• Critical Success Factors for the industry standard Data Model:


4 Generic - facilitates development of systems of varying purpose, scope and
complexity
4 Rigorous and precise - representation of data is complete, correct,
consistent and usable
4 Concise - facilitates improved understanding, communication, consensus
and validation
4 Conceptual - represents functional requirements rather than physical or
organizational constraints

• Flexible - supports phasing of the life cycle, i.e., M&E model to


be followed by Flight Ops, Training, Material Management
• Application - use of the model enables improved:
4 Business process analysis
4 Applications development
4 Re-engineering
4 Systems integration
4 Acquisition of information systems
ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 26
ATA Data Model: Functional Areas

• Derived through an affinity analysis between the structured


decomposition of the industry functions/processes and the
information/data used by those functions/processes

• Functional areas (business areas) were then used in the


architecture of iSpec 2200

• The functional areas are also consistent with a value chain


analysis

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 27


ATA Data Model: Functional Areas

Reliability
Assessment
Operations
Planning

Configuration Maintenance Enterprise


Management Event Resource
“B” Forecasting Management

Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance


Requirements Procedures Event Event Event
“A” “C” Planning Production Archive

Line
Maintenance
Flight Event
Scheduling Planning Maintenance
Product
Design Training
Component “D”
Engineering
Maintenance
Event
Planning Maintenance
Discrepancy

Flight
Operations

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 28


ATA Data Model: Deliverables

• General explanations on ATA CD, “ATA Data Model”


• Data Model developed using relational Data Modeling tool
(COOL:Biz)
• Data Model accessible through Model Browser on Internet
(including download capabilities)
• Contains:
4Industry Decomposition Diagram
4Entity-Relationship Diagrams divided in major subject areas
4Entity, attribute and relationship definitions

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 29


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ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 34
What’s next?

Future Data Exchange Project


XML
Design Rules

Methodology &
Technical
INDUSTRY Requirements EXCHANGE
DATA MODEL DATA MODEL Information
Set 1
Mainten. Mainten.
Procedures Procedures
Information
Set 2
Mainten. Mainten.
Requirem. Requirem.
Information
Configur. Configur. Set 3
Managem. Managem. .
.
.
Flight Ops Flight Ops
Information
Set n
Generic Generic
Resources Resources

ATA iSpec 2200 Overview 28 October 2004 Page 35