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TABLES AND CODES

5 MAY 06

WH-I

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Below is a complete list of the standard contents of Airway Manual. Limited or special coverages may not contain all items, but that material which is included should be arranged in the order outlined.
TABLE OF CONTENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WH-I
REFERENCE TABLES
ALTIMETER SETTING (FLIGHT LEVEL TABLE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
PHONETIC ALPHABET AND MORSE CODE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
METRIC MULTIPLES AND SUB-MULTIPLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
WIND COMPONENT TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
PRESSURE ALTITUDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
INCHES TO HECTOPASCALS (OR MILLIBARS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
HECTOPASCALS (OR MILLIBARS) TO INCHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
MILLIMETERS TO HECTOPASCALS (OR MILLIBARS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
CONVERSIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Meters per Second to Feet per Minute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Meters per Second to Knots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15
15
15
16
16
17
20

ALTIMETER CORRECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
NOTAMS
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
TYPICAL NOTAM IN THE SYSTEM NOTAM FORMAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
FORMAT EXPLANATION OF SYSTEM NOTAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
PREVIOUS NOTAM FORMAT AND EXPLANATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
NOTAM CODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Second and Third Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Fourth and Fifth Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
SNOWTAM
ORIGINATION AND DISTRIBUTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
SNOWTAM FORMAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
GUIDANCE FOR THE COMPLETION OF THE SNOWTAM FORMAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
EXAMPLE OF COMPLETED SNOWTAM FORMAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
DEFINITIONS OF THE VARIOUS TYPES OF SNOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
STANDARD TIME SIGNALS
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Summary of Radio Broadcast Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
SHORTWAVE SERVICES WWV AND WWVH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Accuracy and Stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

WH-II

5 MAY 06

TABLES AND CODES


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Time Announcements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Time Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Audio Frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Silent Periods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BCD Time Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UT1 Time Corrections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Official Announcements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WWV and WWVH Audio Signals by Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

54
55
56
56
56
57
57
58

LOW FREQUENCY SERVICES WWVB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Accuracy and Stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Station Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WWVB Time Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GOES Satellite Time Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automated Computer Time Service (ACTS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

58
58
58
58
58
58

RADIO TIME SIGNALS


GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
LONGITUDE TO TIME. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Selected Cities with Local to UTC Conversion Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
WORLDWIDE LOCAL TIMES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
TABLES AND CODES DATA AUSTRALIA
UNITS OF MEASUREMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AU-1
GEODETIC REFERENCE DATUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AU-1
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AU-1
CONVERSION FACTORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AU-11
TIME SYSTEM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AU-11
TIME SIGNALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AU-11
DAYLIGHT AND DARKNESS GRAPHS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conversion of Arc to Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beginning of Daylight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
End of Daylight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AU-12
AU-13
AU-14
AU-16

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

REFERENCE TABLES

ALTIMETER SETTING

REFERENCE TABLES

SETTING

AT AIRPORT

IN THE AIR

QNE (Standard) 29.92 in. Hg.


1013.25 hPa 1013.25 mb

Variable elevation reading above


or below actual elevation

Positive separation by pressure


level but at varying actual altitudes

QNH (Sea Level)

Actual elevation reading when


aircraft on ground

Altitude indicated (without


consideraton of temperature)

QFE (Station)

Zero elevation reading when


aircraft on ground

Height above ground indicated


(without consideration of
temperature)

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES

PHONETIC ALPHABET AND MORSE


CODE

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES

METRIC MULTIPLES AND


SUB-MULTIPLES
Multiplying Factor

Prefix

Symbol

1 000 000 000 000 = 1012

terra

1 000 000 000 = 109

giga

mega

megahertz, etc.
kilogram, kilometer, etc.

1 000 000 =
1 000

106

=103

kilo

100=102

hecto

10=101

deka

da

meter, gram, liter, etc.

-1

deci

0.01=10-2

centi

0.001=10-3

0.1=10

Examples

milli

-6

micro

-9

nano

0.000 000 000 001=10-12

pico

0.000 001=10

0.000 000 001=10

milligram, millimeter, etc.

WIND COMPONENT TABLES


ANGLE BETWEEN WIND DIRECTION AND HEADING (LEFT OR RIGHT)
WIND SPEED
KNOTS

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

HEADWIND COMPONENT

-5

-5

-4

-4

-3

-3

-2

-1

10

-10

-9

-9

-8

-6

-5

-3

-2

15

-15

-14

-13

-11

-10

-8

-5

-3

20

-20

-19

-17

-15

-13

-10

-7

-3

25

-25

-23

-22

-19

-16

-13

-9

-4

30

-29

-28

-26

-23

-19

-15

-10

-5

35

-34

-33

-30

-27

-22

-18

-12

-6

40

-39

-38

-35

-31

-26

-20

-14

-7

45

-44

-42

-39

-34

-29

-23

-15

-8

50

-49

-47

-43

-38

-32

-25

-17

-9

55

-54

-52

-48

-42

-35

-28

-19

-9

60

-59

-56

-52

-46

-39

-30

-21

-10

65

-64

-61

-56

-50

-42

-33

-22

-11

70

-69

-66

-61

-54

-45

-35

-24

-12

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
ANGLE BETWEEN WIND DIRECTION AND HEADING (LEFT OR RIGHT)
WIND SPEED
KNOTS

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

CROSSWIND COMPONENT
3

10

10

15

10

11

13

14

15

20

10

13

15

17

19

20

25

13

16

19

22

23

25

30

10

15

19

23

26

28

29

35

12

18

22

27

30

33

34

40

14

20

26

31

35

38

39

45

15

23

29

34

39

42

44

50

17

25

32

38

43

47

49

55

19

28

35

42

48

52

54

60

10

21

30

39

46

52

56

59

65

11

22

33

42

50

56

61

64

70

12

24

35

45

54

61

66

69

ANGLE BETWEEN WIND DIRECTION AND HEADING (LEFT OR RIGHT)


WIND SPEED
KNOTS

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

TAILWIND COMPONENT

+1

+2

+3

+3

+4

+4

+5

+5

10

+2

+3

+5

+6

+8

+9

+9

+10

15

+3

+5

+8

+10

+11

+13

+14

+15

20

+3

+7

+10

+13

+15

+17

+19

+20

25

+4

+9

+13

+16

+19

+22

+23

+25

30

+5

+10

+15

+19

+23

+26

+28

+29

35

+6

+12

+18

+22

+27

+30

+33

+34

40

+7

+14

+20

+26

+31

+35

+38

+39

45

+8

+15

+23

+29

+34

+39

+42

+44

50

+9

+17

+25

+32

+38

+43

+47

+49

55

+9

+19

+28

+35

+42

+48

+52

+54

60

+10

+21

+30

+39

+46

+52

+56

+59

65

+11

+22

+33

+42

+50

+56

+61

+64

70

+12

+24

+35

+45

+54

+61

+66

+69

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES

PRESSURE ALTITUDE
Inches of
Mercury

.00

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

.07

.08

.09

21.00

9475

9462

9450

9438

9425

9413

9401

9388

9376

9364

21.10

9352

9339

9327

9315

9303

9290

9278

9266

9254

9241

21.20

9229

9217

9205

9192

9180

9168

9156

9144

9131

9119

21.30

9107

9095

9083

9071

9058

9046

9034

9022

9010

8998

21.40

8986

8973

8961

8949

8937

8925

8913

8901

8889

8877

21.50

8864

8852

8840

8828

8816

8804

8792

8780

8768

8756

21.60

8744

8732

8720

8708

8696

8684

8672

8660

8648

8636

21.70

8624

8612

8600

8588

8576

8564

8552

8540

8528

8516

21.80

8504

8492

8480

8468

8456

8444

8432

8420

8408

8397

21.90

8385

8373

8361

8349

8337

8325

8313

8301

8290

8278

22.00

8266

8254

8242

8230

8218

8207

8195

8183

8171

8159

22.10

8147

8136

8124

8112

8100

8088

8077

8065

8053

8041

22.20

8029

8018

8006

7994

7982

7971

7959

7947

7935

7924

22.30

7912

7900

7888

7877

7865

7853

7841

7830

7918

7806

22.40

7795

7783

7771

7760

7748

7736

7725

7713

7701

7690

22.50

7678

7666

7655

7643

7631

7620

7608

7597

7585

7573

22.60

7562

7550

7538

7527

7515

7504

7492

7481

7469

7457

22.70

7446

7434

7423

7411

7400

7388

7377

7365

7353

7342

22.80

7330

7319

7307

7296

7284

7273

7261

7250

7238

7227

22.90

7215

7204

7192

7181

7169

7158

7146

7135

7124

7112

23.00

7101

7089

7078

7066

7055

7044

7032

7021

7009

6998

23.10

6986

6975

6964

6952

6941

6929

6918

6907

6895

6884

23.20

6873

6861

6850

6839

6827

6816

6804

6793

6782

6770

23.30

6759

6748

6737

6725

6714

6703

6691

6680

6669

6657

23.40

6646

6635

6624

6612

6601

6590

6578

6567

6556

6545

23.50

6533

6522

6511

6500

6488

6477

6466

6455

6444

6432

23.60

6421

6410

6399

6388

6376

6365

6354

6343

6332

6320

23.70

6309

6298

6287

6276

6265

6253

6242

6231

6220

6209

23.80

6198

6187

6176

6164

6153

6142

6131

6120

6109

6098

23.90

6087

6076

6064

6053

6042

6031

6020

6009

5998

5987

24.00

5976

5965

5954

5943

5932

5921

5910

5899

5888

5877

24.10

5866

5855

5844

5832

5821

5810

5799

5788

5777

5767

24.20

5756

5745

5734

5723

5712

5701

5690

5679

5668

5657

24.30

5646

5635

5624

5613

5602

5591

5580

5569

5558

5548

24.40

5537

5526

5515

5504

5493

5482

5471

5460

5449

5439

24.50

5428

5417

5406

5395

5384

5373

5363

5352

5341

5330

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
Inches of
Mercury

.00

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

.07

.08

.09

24.60

5319

5308

5297

5287

5276

5265

5254

5243

5233

5222

24.70

5211

5200

5189

5179

5168

5157

5146

5135

5125

5114

24.80

5103

5092

5082

5071

5060

5049

5039

5028

5017

5006

24.90

4996

4985

4974

4963

4953

4942

4931

4921

4910

4899

25.00

4888

4878

4867

4856

4846

4835

4824

4814

4803

4792

25.10

4782

4771

4760

4750

4739

4728

4718

4707

4696

4686

25.20

4675

4665

4654

4643

4633

4622

4612

4601

4590

4580

25.30

4569

4559

4548

4537

4527

4516

4506

4495

4484

4474

25.40

4463

4453

4442

4432

4421

4411

4400

4390

4379

4368

25.50

4358

4347

4337

4326

4316

4305

4295

4284

4274

4263

25.60

4253

4242

4232

4221

4211

4200

4190

4179

4169

4159

25.70

4148

4138

4127

4117

4106

4096

4085

4075

4064

4054

25.80

4044

4033

4023

4012

4002

3992

3981

3971

3960

3950

25.90

3939

3929

3919

3908

3898

3888

3877

3867

3856

3846

26.00

3836

3825

3815

3805

3794

3784

3774

3763

3753

3743

26.10

3732

3722

3712

3701

3691

3681

3670

3660

3650

3639

26.20

3629

3619

3609

3598

3588

3578

3567

3557

3547

3537

26.30

3526

3516

3506

3495

3485

3475

3465

3454

3444

3434

26.40

3424

3414

3403

3393

3383

3373

3362

3352

3342

3332

26.50

3322

3311

3301

3291

3281

3271

3260

3250

3240

3230

26.60

3220

3210

3199

3189

3179

3169

3159

3149

3138

3128

26.70

3118

3108

3098

3088

3078

3067

3057

3047

3037

3027

26.80

3017

3007

2997

2987

2976

2966

2956

2946

2936

2926

26.90

2916

2906

2896

2886

2876

2866

2855

2845

2835

2825

27.00

2815

2805

2795

2785

2775

2765

2755

2745

2735

2725

27.10

2715

2705

2695

2685

2675

2665

2655

2645

2635

2625

27.20

2615

2605

2595

2585

2575

2565

2555

2545

2535

2525

27.30

2515

2505

2495

2485

2475

2465

2455

2445

2435

2426

27.40

2416

2406

2396

2386

2376

2366

2356

2346

2336

2326

27.50

2316

2307

2297

2287

2277

2267

2257

2247

2237

2227

27.60

2218

2208

2198

2188

2178

2168

2158

2149

2139

2129

27.70

2119

2109

2099

2089

2080

2070

2060

2050

2040

2030

27.80

2021

2011

2001

1991

1981

1972

1962

1952

1942

1932

27.90

1923

1913

1903

1893

1884

1874

1864

1854

1844

1835

28.00

1825

1815

1805

1796

1786

1776

1766

1757

1747

1737

28.10

1727

1718

1708

1698

1689

1679

1669

1659

1650

1640

28.20

1630

1621

1611

1601

1592

1582

1572

1562

1553

1543

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
Inches of
Mercury

.00

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

.07

.08

.09

28.30

1533

1524

1514

1504

1495

1485

1475

1466

1456

1446

28.40

1437

1427

1417

1408

1398

1389

1379

1369

1360

1350

28.50

1340

1331

1321

1312

1302

1292

1283

1273

1264

1254

28.60

1244

1235

1225

1216

1206

1196

1187

1177

1168

1158

28.70

1149

1139

1129

1120

1110

1101

1091

1082

1072

1063

28.80

1053

1044

1034

1024

1015

1005

996

986

977

967

28.90

958

948

939

929

920

910

901

891

882

872

29.00

863

853

844

834

825

815

806

796

787

778

29.10

768

759

749

740

730

721

711

702

693

683

29.20

674

664

655

645

636

627

617

608

598

589

29.30

579

570

561

551

542

532

523

514

504

495

29.40

486

476

467

457

448

439

429

420

411

401

29.50

392

382

373

364

354

345

336

326

317

308

29.60

298

289

280

270

261

252

242

233

224

215

29.70

205

196

187

177

168

159

149

140

131

122

29.80

112

103

94

84

75

66

57

47

38

29

29.90

20

10

-8

-17

-27

-36

-45

-54

-64

30.00

-73

-82

-91

-100

-110

-119

-128

-137

-147

-156

30.10

-165

-174

-183

-193

-202

-211

-220

-229

-238

-248

30.20

-257

-266

-275

-284

-294

-303

-312

-321

-330

-339

30.30

-348

-358

-367

-376

-385

-394

-403

-413

-422

-431

30.40

-440

-449

-458

-467

-476

-486

-495

-504

-513

-522

30.50

-531

-540

-549

-558

-568

-577

-586

-595

-604

-613

30.60

-622

-631

-640

-649

-658

-667

-676

-686

-695

-704

30.70

-713

-722

-731

-740

-749

-758

-767

-776

-785

-794

30.80

-803

-812

-821

-830

-839

-848

-857

-866

-875

-884

30.90

-893

-902

-911

-920

-929

-938

-947

-956

-965

-974

31.00

-983

-992

-1001

-1010

-1019

-1028

-1037

-1046

-1055

-1064

.07

.08

.09

INCHES TO HECTOPASCALS (OR


MILLIBARS)
1 inch of mercury = 33.863 hectopascals = 33.863 millibars
.00

.01

.02

21.0

711.1

711.5

711.8

712.2

712.5

712.8

713.2

713.5

713.9

714.2

21.1

714.5

714.9

715.2

715.5

715.9

716.2

716.6

716.9

717.2

717.6

21.2

717.9

718.3

718.6

718.9

719.3

719.6

719.9

720.3

720.6

721.0

21.3

721.3

721.6

722.0

722.3

722.7

723.0

723.3

723.7

724.0

724.3

Inches of
Mercury

.03

.04

.05

.06

HECTOPASCALS (or MILLIBARS)

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

10

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
1 inch of mercury = 33.863 hectopascals = 33.863 millibars
Inches of
Mercury
21.4

.00

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

.07

.08

.09

727.1

727.4

727.7

HECTOPASCALS (or MILLIBARS)


724.7

725.0

725.4

725.7

726.0

726.4

726.7

21.5

728.1

728.4

728.8

729.1

729.4

729.8

730.1

730.4

730.8

731.1

21.6

731.5

731.8

732.1

732.5

732.8

733.2

733.5

733.8

734.2

734.5

21.7

734.8

735.2

735.5

735.9

736.2

736.5

736.9

737.2

737.6

737.9

21.8

738.2

738.6

738.9

739.2

739.6

739.9

740.3

740.6

740.9

741.3

21.9

741.6

742.0

742.3

742.6

743.0

743.3

743.7

744.0

744.3

744.7

22.0

745.0

745.3

745.7

746.0

746.4

746.7

747.0

747.4

747.7

748.1

22.1

748.4

748.7

749.1

749.4

749.7

750.1

750.4

750.8

751.1

751.4

22.2

751.8

752.1

752.5

752.8

753.1

753.5

753.8

754.2

754.5

754.8

22.3

755.2

755.5

755.8

756.2

756.5

756.9

757.2

757.5

757.9

758.2

22.4

758.6

758.9

759.2

759.6

759.9

760.2

760.6

760.9

761.3

761.6

22.5

761.9

762.3

762.6

763.0

763.3

763.6

764.0

764.3

764.6

765.0

22.6

765.3

765.7

766.0

766.3

766.7

767.0

767.4

767.7

768.0

768.4

22.7

768.7

769.1

769.4

769.7

770.1

770.4

770.7

771.1

771.4

771.8

22.8

772.1

772.4

772.8

773.1

773.5

773.8

774.1

774.5

774.8

775.1

22.9

775.5

775.8

776.2

776.5

776.8

777.2

777.5

777.9

778.2

778.5

23.0

778.9

779.2

779.5

779.9

780.2

780.6

780.9

781.2

781.6

781.9

23.1

782.3

782.6

782.9

783.3

783.6

784.0

784.3

784.6

785.0

785.3

23.2

785.6

786.0

786.3

786.7

787.0

787.3

787.7

788.0

788.4

788.7

23.3

789.0

789.4

789.7

790.0

790.4

790.7

791.1

791.4

791.7

792.1

23.4

792.4

792.8

793.1

793.4

793.8

794.1

794.4

794.8

795.1

795.5

23.5

795.8

796.1

796.5

796.8

797.2

797.5

797.8

798.2

798.5

798.9

23.6

799.2

799.5

799.9

800.2

800.5

800.9

801.2

801.6

801.9

802.2

23.7

802.6

802.9

803.3

803.6

803.9

804.3

804.6

804.9

805.3

805.6

23.8

806.0

806.3

806.6

807.0

807.3

807.7

808.0

808.3

808.7

809.0

23.9

809.3

809.7

810.0

810.4

810.7

811.0

811.4

811.7

812.1

812.4

24.0

812.7

813.1

813.4

813.8

814.1

814.4

814.8

815.1

815.4

815.8

24.1

816.1

816.5

816.8

817.1

817.5

817.8

818.2

818.5

818.8

819.2

24.2

819.5

819.8

820.2

820.5

820.9

821.2

821.5

821.9

822.2

822.6

24.3

822.9

823.2

823.6

823.9

824.2

824.6

824.9

825.3

825.6

825.9

24.4

826.3

826.6

827.0

827.3

827.6

828.0

828.3

828.7

829.0

829.3

24.5

829.7

830.0

830.3

830.7

831.0

831.4

831.7

832.0

832.4

832.7

24.6

833.1

833.4

833.7

834.1

834.4

834.7

835.1

835.4

835.8

836.1

24.7

836.4

836.8

837.1

837.5

837.8

838.1

838.5

838.8

839.1

839.5

24.8

839.8

840.2

840.5

840.8

841.2

841.5

841.9

842.2

842.5

842.9

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

11

REFERENCE TABLES
1 inch of mercury = 33.863 hectopascals = 33.863 millibars
Inches of
Mercury

.00

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

.07

.08

.09

HECTOPASCALS (or MILLIBARS)

24.9

843.2

843.6

843.9

844.2

844.6

844.9

845.2

845.6

845.9

846.3

25.0

846.6

846.9

847.3

847.6

848.0

848.3

848.6

849.0

849.3

849.6

25.1

850.0

850.3

850.7

851.0

851.3

851.7

852.0

852.4

852.7

853.0

25.2

853.4

853.7

854.0

854.4

854.7

855.1

855.4

855.7

856.1

856.4

25.3

856.8

857.1

857.4

857.8

858.1

858.5

858.8

859.1

859.5

859.8

25.4

860.1

860.5

860.8

861.2

861.5

861.8

862.2

862.5

862.9

863.2

25.5

863.5

863.9

864.2

864.5

864.9

865.2

865.6

865.9

866.2

866.6

25.6

866.9

867.3

867.6

867.9

868.3

868.6

868.9

869.3

869.6

870.0

25.7

870.3

870.6

871.0

871.3

871.7

872.0

872.3

872.7

873.0

873.4

25.8

873.7

874.0

874.4

874.7

875.0

875.4

875.7

876.1

876.4

876.7

25.9

877.1

877.4

877.8

878.1

878.4

878.8

879.1

879.4

879.8

880.1

26.0

880.5

880.8

881.1

881.5

881.8

882.2

882.5

882.8

883.2

883.5

26.1

883.8

884.2

884.5

884.9

885.2

885.5

885.9

886.2

886.6

886.9

26.2

887.2

887.6

887.9

888.3

888.6

888.9

889.3

889.6

889.9

890.3

26.3

890.6

891.0

891.3

891.6

892.0

892.3

892.7

893.0

893.3

893.7

26.4

894.0

894.3

894.7

895.0

895.4

895.7

896.0

896.4

896.7

897.1

26.5

897.4

897.7

898.1

898.4

898.7

899.1

899.4

899.8

900.1

900.4

26.6

900.8

901.1

901.5

901.8

902.1

902.5

902.8

903.2

903.5

903.8

26.7

904.2

904.5

904.8

905.2

905.5

905.9

906.2

906.5

906.9

907.2

26.8

907.6

907.9

908.2

908.6

908.9

909.2

909.6

909.9

910.3

910.6

26.9

910.9

911.3

911.6

912.0

912.3

912.6

913.0

913.3

913.6

914.0

27.0

914.3

914.7

915.0

915.3

915.7

916.0

916.4

916.7

917.0

917.4

27.1

917.7

918.1

918.4

918.7

919.1

919.4

919.7

920.1

920.4

920.8

27.2

921.1

921.4

921.8

922.1

922.5

922.8

923.1

923.5

923.8

924.1

27.3

924.5

924.8

925.2

925.5

925.8

926.2

926.5

926.9

927.2

927.5

27.4

927.9

928.2

928.5

928.9

929.2

929.6

929.9

930.2

930.6

930.9

27.5

931.3

931.6

931.9

932.3

932.6

933.0

933.3

933.6

934.0

934.3

27.6

934.6

935.0

935.3

935.7

936.0

936.3

936.7

937.0

937.4

937.7

27.7

938.0

938.4

938.7

939.0

939.4

939.7

940.1

940.4

940.7

941.1

27.8

941.4

941.8

942.1

942.4

842.8

943.1

943.4

943.8

944.1

944.5

27.9

944.8

945.1

945.5

945.8

946.2

946.5

946.8

947.2

947.5

947.9

28.0

948.2

948.5

948.9

949.2

949.5

949.9

950.2

950.6

950.9

951.2

28.1

951.6

951.9

952.3

952.6

952.9

953.3

953.6

953.9

954.3

954.6

28.2

955.0

955.3

955.6

956.0

956.3

956.7

957.0

957.3

957.7

958.0

28.3

958.3

958.7

959.0

959.4

959.7

960.0

960.4

960.7

961.1

961.4

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

12

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
1 inch of mercury = 33.863 hectopascals = 33.863 millibars
.00

Inches of
Mercury

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

.07

.08

.09

HECTOPASCALS (or MILLIBARS)

28.4

961.7

962.1

962.4

962.8

963.1

963.4

963.8

964.1

964.4

964.8

28.5

965.1

965.5

965.8

966.1

966.5

966.8

967.2

967.5

967.8

968.2

28.6

968.5

968.8

969.2

969.5

969.9

970.2

970.5

970.9

971.2

971.6

28.7

971.9

972.2

972.6

972.9

973.2

973.6

973.9

974.3

974.6

974.9

28.8

975.3

975.6

976.0

976.3

976.6

977.0

977.3

977.7

978.0

978.3

28.9

978.7

979.0

979.3

979.7

980.0

980.4

980.7

981.0

981.4

981.7

29.0

982.1

982.4

982.7

983.1

983.4

983.7

984.1

984.4

984.8

985.1

29.1

985.4

985.8

986.1

986.5

986.8

987.1

987.5

987.8

988.2

988.5

29.2

988.8

989.2

989.5

989.8

990.2

990.5

990.9

991.2

991.5

991.9

29.3

992.2

992.6

992.9

993.2

993.6

993.9

994.2

994.6

994.9

995.3

29.4

995.6

995.9

996.3

996.6

997.0

997.3

997.6

998.0

998.3

998.6

29.5

999.0

999.3

999.7

1000.0

1000.4

1000.7

1001.0

1001.4

1001.7

1002.0

29.6

1002.4

1002.7

1003.1

1003.4

1003.7

1004.1

1004.4

1004.7

1005.1

1005.4

29.7

1005.8

1006.1

1006.4

1006.8

1007.1

1007.5

1007.8

1008.1

1008.5

1008.8

29.8

1009.1

1009.5

1009.8

1010.2

1010.5

1010.8

1011.2

1011.5

1011.9

1012.2

29.9

1012.5

1012.9

1013.2

1013.5

1013.9

1014.2

1014.6

1014.9

1015.2

1015.6

30.0

1015.9

1016.3

1016.6

1016.9

1017.3

1017.6

1018.0

1018.3

1018.6

1019.0

30.1

1019.3

1019.6

1020.0

1020.3

1020.7

1021.0

1021.3

1021.7

1022.0

1022.4

30.2

1022.7

1023.0

1023.4

1023.7

1024.0

1024.4

1024.7

1025.1

1025.4

1025.7

30.3

1026.1

1026.4

1026.8

1027.1

1027.4

1027.8

1028.1

1028.4

1028.8

1029.1

30.4

1029.5

1029.8

1030.1

1030.5

1030.8

1031.2

1031.5

1031.8

1032.2

1032.5

30.5

1032.9

1033.2

1033.5

1033.9

1034.2

1034.5

1034.9

1035.2

1035.6

1035.9

30.6

1036.2

1036.6

1036.9

1037.3

1037.6

1037.9

1038.3

1038.6

1038.9

1039.3

30.7

1039.6

1040.0

1040.3

1040.6

1041.0

1041.3

1041.7

1042.0

1042.3

1042.7

30.8

1043.0

1043.3

1043.7

1044.0

1044.4

1044.7

1045.0

1045.4

1045.7

1046.1

30.9

1046.4

1046.7

1047.1

1047.4

1047.8

1048.1

1048.4

1048.8

1049.1

1049.4

HECTOPASCALS (OR MILLIBARS) TO


INCHES
(1 hectopascal = 1 millibar = 0.02953 inches of mercury)
hPa or
mb

INCHES OF MERCURY

710

20.97

21.00

21.03

21.05

21.08

21.11

21.14

21.17

21.20

21.23

720

21.26

21.29

21.32

21.35

21.38

21.41

21.44

21.47

21.50

21.53

730

21.56

21.59

21.62

21.65

21.67

21.70

21.73

21.76

21.79

21.82

740

21.85

21.88

21.91

21.94

21.97

22.00

22.03

22.06

22.09

22.12

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

13

REFERENCE TABLES
(1 hectopascal = 1 millibar = 0.02953 inches of mercury)
hPa or
mb

INCHES OF MERCURY

750

22.15

22.18

22.21

22.24

22.27

22.30

22.32

22.35

22.38

22.41

760

22.44

22.47

22.50

22.53

22.56

22.59

22.62

22.65

22.68

22.71

770

22.74

22.77

22.80

22.83

22.86

22.89

22.92

22.94

22.97

23.00

780

23.03

23.06

23.09

23.12

23.15

23.18

23.21

23.24

23.27

23.30

790

23.33

23.36

23.39

23.42

23.45

23.48

23.51

23.54

23.56

23.59

800

23.62

23.65

23.68

23.71

23.74

23.77

23.80

23.83

23.86

23.89

810

23.92

23.95

23.98

24.01

24.04

24.07

24.10

24.13

24.16

24.19

820

24.21

24.24

24.27

24.30

24.33

24.36

24.39

24.42

24.45

24.48

830

24.51

24.54

24.57

24.60

24.63

24.66

24.69

24.72

24.75

24.78

840

24.81

24.83

24.86

24.89

24.92

24.95

24.98

25.01

25.04

25.07

850

25.10

25.13

25.16

25.19

25.22

25.25

25.28

25.31

25.34

25.37

860

25.40

25.43

25.45

25.48

25.51

25.54

25.57

25.60

25.63

25.66

870

25.69

25.72

25.75

25.78

25.81

25.84

25.87

25.90

25.93

25.96

880

25.99

26.02

26.05

26.07

26.10

26.13

26.16

26.19

26.22

26.25

890

26.28

26.31

26.34

26.37

26.40

26.43

26.46

26.49

26.52

26.55

900

26.58

26.61

26.64

26.67

26.70

26.72

26.75

26.78

26.81

26.84

910

26.87

26.90

26.93

26.96

26.99

27.02

27.05

27.08

27.11

27.14

920

27.17

27.20

27.23

27.26

27.29

27.32

27.34

27.37

27.40

27.43

930

27.46

27.49

27.52

27.55

27.58

27.61

27.64

27.67

27.70

27.73

940

27.76

27.79

27.82

27.85

27.88

27.91

27.94

27.96

27.99

28.02

950

28.05

28.08

28.11

28.14

28.17

28.20

28.23

28.26

28.29

28.32

960

28.35

28.38

28.41

28.44

28.47

28.50

28.53

28.56

28.58

28.61

970

28.64

28.67

28.70

28.73

28.76

28.79

28.82

28.85

28.88

28.91

980

28.94

28.97

29.00

29.03

29.06

29.09

29.12

29.15

29.18

29.21

990

29.23

29.26

29.29

29.32

29.35

29.38

29.41

29.44

29.47

29.50

1000

29.53

29.56

29.59

29.62

29.65

29.68

29.71

29.74

29.77

29.80

1010

29.83

29.85

29.88

29.91

29.94

29.97

30.00

30.03

30.06

30.09

1020

30.12

30.15

30.18

30.21

30.24

30.27

30.30

30.33

30.36

30.39

1030

30.42

30.45

30.47

30.50

30.53

30.56

30.59

30.62

30.65

30.68

1040

30.71

30.74

30.77

30.80

30.83

30.86

30.89

30.92

30.95

30.98

1050

31.01

31.04

31.07

31.10

31.12

31.15

31.18

31.21

31.24

31.27

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

14

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES

MILLIMETERS TO HECTOPASCALS
(OR MILLIBARS)
(1 millimeter of mercury = 1.3332 hectopascals = 1.3332 millibars)
MM of
Mercury

HECTOPASCALS (or MILLIBARS)

530

706.6

707.9

709.3

710.6

711.9

713.3

714.6

715.9

717.3

718.6

540

719.9

721.3

722.6

723.9

725.3

726.6

727.9

729.3

730.6

731.9

550

733.3

734.6

735.9

737.3

738.6

739.9

741.3

742.6

743.9

745.3

560

746.6

747.9

749.3

750.6

751.9

753.3

754.6

755.9

757.3

758.6

570

759.9

761.3

762.6

763.9

765.3

766.6

767.9

769.3

770.6

771.9

580

773.3

774.6

775.9

777.3

778.6

779.9

781.3

782.6

783.9

785.3

590

786.6

787.9

789.3

790.6

791.9

793.3

794.6

795.9

797.3

798.6

600

799.9

801.3

802.6

803.9

805.3

806.6

807.9

809.3

810.6

811.9

610

813.3

814.6

815.9

817.3

818.6

819.9

821.3

822.6

823.9

825.3

620

826.6

827.9

829.3

830.6

831.9

833.3

834.6

835.9

837.3

838.6

630

839.9

841.3

842.6

843.9

845.2

846.6

847.9

849.3

850.6

851.9

640

853.3

854.6

855.9

857.3

858.6

859.9

861.3

862.6

863.9

865.3

650

866.6

867.9

869.3

870.6

871.9

873.3

874.6

875.9

877.3

878.6

660

879.9

881.3

882.6

883.9

885.3

886.6

887.9

889.3

890.6

891.9

670

893.3

894.6

895.9

897.3

898.6

899.9

901.3

902.6

903.9

905.3

680

906.6

907.9

909.3

910.6

911.9

913.3

914.6

915.9

917.3

918.6

690

919.9

921.3

922.6

923.9

925.3

926.6

927.9

929.3

930.6

931.9

700

933.3

934.6

935.9

937.3

938.6

939.9

941.3

942.6

943.9

945.3

710

946.6

947.9

949.3

950.6

951.9

953.3

954.6

955.9

957.3

958.6

720

959.9

961.3

962.6

963.9

965.3

966.6

967.9

969.3

970.6

971.9

730

973.3

974.6

975.9

977.3

978.6

979.9

981.3

982.6

983.9

985.3

740

986.6

987.9

989.3

990.6

991.9

993.3

994.6

995.9

997.3

998.6

750

999.9

1001.3

1002.6

1003.9

1005.3

1006.6

1007.9

1009.3

1010.6

1011.9

760

1013.3

1014.6

1015.9

1017.2

1018.6

1019.9

1021.2

1022.6

1023.9

1025.2

770

1026.6

1027.9

1029.2

1030.6

1031.9

1033.2

1034.6

1035.9

1037.2

1038.6

780

1039.9

1041.2

1042.6

1043.9

1045.2

1046.6

1047.9

1049.2

1050.6

1051.9

790

1053.2

1054.6

1055.9

1057.2

1058.6

1059.9

1061.2

1062.6

1063.9

1065.2

800

1066.6

1067.9

1069.2

1070.6

1071.9

1073.2

1074.6

1075.9

1077.2

1078.6

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

15

REFERENCE TABLES

CONVERSIONS

(1 mps = 1.9438 knots)

METERS PER SECOND TO FEET PER


MINUTE
(mps = 196.85 fpm)
MPS

FPM

MPS

FPM

197

1.5

295

394

2.5

492

591

3.5

689

787

4.5

885

984

5.5

1082

1181

6.5

1279

1378

7.5

1476

1575

8.5

1673

1772

9.5

1870

10

1969

10.5

2067

11

2165

11.5

2263

12

2362

12.5

2460

13

2559

13.5

2657

14

2756

14.5

2854

15

2953

15.5

3051

16

3150

16.5

3248

17

3346

17.5

3444

18

3543

18.5

3641

19

3740

19.5

3838

20

3937

METERS PER SECOND TO KNOTS


(1 mps = 1.9438 knots)
Meters
p/sec.

Knots

Meters
p/sec.

Knots

1.9

3.9

5.8

7.8

9.7

11.7

13.6

15.6

17.5

10

19.4

11

21.4

12

23.3

13

25.3

14

27.2

15

29.2

Meters
p/sec.

Knots

Meters
p/sec.

Knots

16

31.1

17

33.0

18

35.0

19

36.9

20

38.9

21

40.8

22

42.8

23

44.7

24

46.6

25

48.6

26

50.5

27

52.5

28

54.4

29

56.4

30

58.3

31

60.3

32

62.2

33

64.1

34

66.1

35

68.0

36

70

37

71.9

38

73.9

39

75.8

40

77.8

41

79.7

42

81.6

43

83.6

44

85.5

45

87.5

46

89.4

47

91.4

48

93.3

49

95.2

50

97.2

51

99.1

52

101.1

53

103.0

54

105.0

55

106.9

56

108.8

57

110.8

58

112.7

59

114.7

60

116.6

61

118.6

62

120.5

63

122.5

64

124.4

65

126.3

66

128.3

67

130.2

68

132.2

69

134.1

70

136.1

71

138.0

72

140.0

73

141.9

74

143.8

75

145.8

76

147.7

77

149.7

78

151.6

79

153.6

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

16

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
TEMPERATURES

(CELSIUS/FAHRENHEIT)

(CELSIUS/FAHRENHEIT)
C

-40

-40.0

-39

-38.2

-38

-36.4

-37

-34.6

-36

-32.8

-35

-31.0

-34

-29.2

-33

-27.4

-32

-25.6

-31

-23.8

-30

-22.0

-29

-20.2

-28

-18.4

-27

-16.6

-26

-14.8

-25

-13.0

-24

-11.2

-23

- 9.4

-22

- 7.6

-21

- 5.8

-20

- 4.0

-19

- 2.2

-18

- 0.4

-17

1.4

-16

3.2

-15

5.0

-14

6.8

-13

8.6

-12

10.4

-11

12.2

-10

14.0

-9

15.8

-8

17.6

-7

19.4

-6

21.2

-5

23.0

-4

24.8

-3

26.6

-2

28.4

-1

30.2

32.0

33.8

35.6

37.4

39.2

41.0

42.8

44.6

46.4

48.2

10

50.0

11

51.8

12

53.6

13

55.4

14

57.2

15

59.0

16

60.8

17

62.6

18

64.4

19

66.2

20

68.0

21

69.8

22

71.6

23

73.4

24

75.2

25

77.0

26

78.8

27

80.6

28

82.4

29

84.2

30

86.0

31

87.8

32

89.6

33

91.4

34

93.2

35

95.0

36

96.8

37

98.6

38

100.4

39

102.2

40

104.0

41

105.8

42

107.6

43

109.4

44

111.2

45

113.0

46

114.8

47

116.6

48

118.4

49

120.2

50

122.0

51

123.8

52

125.6

53

127.4

54

129.2

55

131.0

WEIGHT
Kgs

Lbs

Kgs

Lbs

2.2046

.45359

11

13

15

18

20

22

10

44

20

66

30

14

88

40

18

110

50

23

132

60

27

154

70

32

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

17

REFERENCE TABLES
Lbs

Kgs

Lbs

Kgs

KILOMETERS
to SM

to NM

176

80

36

124.27

200

107.99

198

90

41

186.41

300

161.99

220

100

45

248.55

400

215.98

500

269.98

441

200

91

310.69

661

300

136

372.82

600

323.97

882

400

181

434.96

700

377.97

1102

500

227

497.10

800

431.97

900

485.96

1000

539.96

1323

600

272

559.23

1543

700

318

621.37

1764

800

363

1984

900

408

2205

1000

454

DISTANCES
KILOMETERS
to SM

to NM

0.62137

0.53996

1.24

1.08

1.86

1.62

2.49

2.16

3.11

2.70

3.73

3.24

4.35

3.78

4.97

4.32

5.59

4.86

6.21

10

5.40

12.43

20

10.80

18.64

30

16.20

24.85

40

21.60

31.07

50

27.00

37.28

60

32.40

43.50

70

37.80

49.71

80

43.20

55.92

90

48.60

62.14

100

54.00

STATUTE MILES
to KM

to NM

1.6093

0.86898

3.22

1.74

4.83

2.61

6.44

3.48

8.05

4.34

9.66

5.21

11.27

6.08

12.87

6.95

14.48

7.82

16.09

10

8.69

32.19

20

17.38

48.28

30

26.07

64.37

40

34.76

80.47

50

43.45

96.56

60

52.14

112.65

70

60.83

128.75

80

69.52

144.84

90

78.20

160.93

100

86.90

321.87

200

173.80

482.30

300

260.69

643.74

400

347.59

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

18

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
STATUTE MILES
to KM

NAUTICAL MILES
to NM

to KM

to SM

804.67

500

434.49

1481.60

800

920.62

965.61

600

521.39

1666.80

900

1035.70

1126.54

700

608.28

1852.00

1000

1150.78

1287.48

800

695.18

1448.41

900

782.01

1609.34

1000

868.98

NAUTICAL MILES
to SM

to KM
1.8520

1.1508

3.70

2.30

5.56

3.45

7.41

4.60

9.26

5.75

11.11

6.90

12.96

8.06

14.82

9.21

16.67

10.36

18.52

10

11.51

37.04

20

23.02

55.56

30

34.52

74.08

40

46.03

92.60

50

57.54

111.12

60

69.05

129.64

70

80.56

148.16

80

92.06

166.68

90

103.57

185.20

100

115.08

370.40

200

230.16

555.60

300

345.23

740.80

400

460.31

926.00

500

575.39

1111.20

600

690.47

1296.40

700

805.55

METERS to FEET
Meters

Ft

Meters

Ft

.3048

3.2808

10

13

16

20

23

26

30

10

33

20

66

30

98

12

40

131

15

50

164

18

60

197

21

70

230

24

80

262

27

90

295

30

100

328

61

200

656

91

300

984

122

400

1312

152

500

1640

183

600

1968

213

700

2296

244

800

2625

274

900

2953

305

1000

3281

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

19

REFERENCE TABLES
METERS to YARDS
Yds

Meters

Yds

Meters

INCHES to MILLIMETERS (mm)


Inches

Inches

mm

mm

.9144

1.0936

.03937

25.4

.07874

50.8

.11811

76.2

101.6

.15748

.19685

127.0

.23622

152.4

.27559

177.8

203.2

.31496

10

.35433

228.6

10

11

.3937

10

254.0

18

20

22

.7874

20

508.0

30

762.0

27

30

33

1.1811

36

40

44

1.5748

40

1016.0

46

50

55

1.9685

50

1270.0

55

60

66

2.3622

60

1524.0

70

1778.0

64

70

77

2.7559

73

80

88

3.1496

80

2032.0

82

90

99

3.5433

90

2286.0

91

100

110

3.9370

100

2540.0

200

5080.0

183

200

219

7.8140

274

300

329

11.8110

300

7620.0

366

400

438

15.7480

400

10160.0

457

500

548

19.6850

500

12700.0

600

15240.0

549

600

658

23.6220

640

700

767

27.5590

700

17780.0

732

800

877

31.4960

800

20320.0

823

900

987

35.4330

900

22860.0

1096

39.3701

1000

25400.0

914

1000

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

20

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
VOLUME
U.S.
Gal

Imp Gal

Imp
Gal

U.S.
Gal

.83267

1.2010

10

11

10

12

17

20

24

25

30

36

33

40

48

42

50

60

50

60

72

58

70

84

67

80

96

75

90

108

83

100

120

167

200

240

250

300

360

333

400

480

416

500

600

500

600

721

583

700

841

666

800

961

750

900

1081

833

1000

1201

U.S. Gal

U.S.
Gal

Liter

Liter

.26418

3.7853

11

U.S. Gal

U.S.
Gal

Liter

Liter

15

19

23

26

30

34

10

38

20

76

30

114

11

40

151

13

50

189

16

60

227

18

70

265

21

80

303

24

90

341

26

100

378

53

200

757

79

300

1136

106

400

1514

132

500

1893

158

600

2271

185

700

2650

211

800

3028

238

900

3407

264

1000

3785

Imp Gal

Imp
Gal

Liter

Liter

.21997

4.5460

.4

.7

14

.9

18

23

27

32

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

21

REFERENCE TABLES
Imp Gal

Imp
Gal

Liter

OIL VOLUME/WEIGHT

Liter

36

41

10

45

20

91

30

136

40

182

11

50

227

13

60

273

15

70

318

18

80

364

20

90

409

22

100

455

44

200

909

66

300

1364

88

400

1818

110

500

2273

132

600

2728

154

700

3182

176

800

3637

198

900

4091

220

1000

4546

(approximate according to Temp)


U.S.
Gal

1.3

10

75

20

150

30

225

40

300

50

375

60

450

70

525

11

80

600

12

90

675

13

100

750

27

200

1500

300

2250

53

400

3000

67

500

3750

80

600

4500

93

700

5250

107

800

6000

120

900

6750

133

1000

7500

OIL VOLUME/WEIGHT
(approximate according to Temp)

(approximate according to Temp)


U.S.
Gal

Lbs

Lbs

40

OIL VOLUME/WEIGHT

U.S.
Gal

U.S.
Gal

Lbs

Lbs

.13333

7.5000

.3

15

.4

22

.5

30

.7

38

.8

45

.9

52

1.1

60

1.2

68

Liter

Lbs

Liter

Lbs

.50471

1.9813

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

10

3.0

12

3.5

14

4.0

16

4.5

18

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

22

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
OIL VOLUME/WEIGHT

OIL VOLUME/WEIGHT

(approximate according to Temp)

(approximate according to Temp)

Liter

Lbs

Liter

Lbs

Liter

Kg

Liter

Kg

5.0

10

20

11

10

10

20

40

22

20

18

15

30

59

33

30

27

40

36

20

40

79

44

25

50

99

56

50

45

30

60

119

67

60

54

35

70

139

78

70

63

80

72

40

80

158

89

45

90

178

100

90

81

50

100

198

111

100

90

101

200

396

222

200

180

300

270

151

300

594

334

202

400

792

445

400

360

252

500

991

556

500

449

303

600

1189

668

600

539

700

629

353

700

1387

779

404

800

1585

890

800

719

454

900

1783

1001

900

809

505

1000

1981

1113

1000

899

TURBINE FUEL VOLUME/WEIGHT

OIL VOLUME/WEIGHT

(up to 5 pounds variation per 100 gallons due


to fuel grade and temperature)

(approximate according to Temp)


Liter

Kg

Liter

Kg

1.1127

.89871

10

Liter

Lbs

Liter

Lbs

0.57

1.8

1.1

3.6

1.7

5.4

2.3

7.2

2.8

9.0

3.4

11

13

4.5

14

5.1

16

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

23

REFERENCE TABLES
TURBINE FUEL VOLUME/WEIGHT

TURBINE FUEL VOLUME/WEIGHT

(up to 5 pounds variation per 100 gallons due


to fuel grade and temperature)

(up to 5 pounds variation per 100 gallons due


to fuel grade and temperature)

Liter

Lbs

Liter

Lbs

U.S.
Gal

U.S.
Gal

Lbs

Lbs

5.7

10

18

1.35

60

11

20

36

1.5

10

67

17

30

54

20

130

30

200

23

40

72

4.5

28

50

90

40

270

34

60

110

7.5

50

330

40

70

130

60

400

70

470

45

80

140

10.5

51

90

160

12

80

530

57

100

180

13.5

90

600

110

200

360

15

100

670

200

1300

170

300

540

30

230

400

720

45

300

2000

280

500

900

60

400

2700

340

600

1100

75

500

3300

600

4000

400

700

1300

90

450

800

1400

105

700

4700

510

900

1600

120

800

5300

570

1000

1800

135

900

6000

150

1000

6700

TURBINE FUEL VOLUME/WEIGHT


(up to 5 pounds variation per 100 gallons due
to fuel grade and temperature)
U.S.
Gal

U.S.
Gal

Lbs

TURBINE FUEL VOLUME/WEIGHT


(up to 5 pounds variation per 100 gallons due
to fuel grade and temperature)

Lbs
Liter

Kg

Liter

Kg

0.15

6.7

.3

13

1.25

.8

.45

20

2.5

1.6

.6

27

3.8

2.4

3.2

.75

33

5.0

.9

40

6.2

4.0

1.05

47

7.5

4.8

1.2

53

8.8

5.6

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

REFERENCE TABLES
TURBINE FUEL VOLUME/WEIGHT

AVIATION GAS VOLUME/WEIGHT

(up to 5 pounds variation per 100 gallons due


to fuel grade and temperature)

(approximate according to temperature)


Gal

Liter

Kg

Liter

Lbs

Gal

Lbs

Kg

10

6.4

11

7.2

12

10

25

20

16

38

30

24

50

40

32

62

50

40

75

60

48

88

70

56

100

80

64

110

90

72

120

100

80

250

200

160

380

300

240

500

400

320

620

500

400

750

600

480

880

700

560

1000

800

640

1100

900

720

1200

1000

800

1.3

48

1.5

54

1.7

10

60

20

120

30

180

40

240

50

300

10

60

360

12

70

420

13

80

480

15

90

540

17

100

600

33

200

1200

50

300

1800

67

400

2400

83

500

3000

100

600

3600

117

700

4200

133

800

4800

150

900

5400

167

1000

6000

AVIATION GAS VOLUME/WEIGHT


AVIATION GAS VOLUME/WEIGHT

(approximate according to temperature)

(approximate according to temperature)


Lbs

Gal

Lbs

Liter

Lbs

Liter
Gal

Lbs

.167

6.00

.3

12

.5

18

.7

24

.8

30

1.0

36

1.2

42

.631

1.58

10

11

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

5 MAY 06

TABLES AND CODES

25

REFERENCE TABLES
AVIATION GAS VOLUME/WEIGHT

AVIATION GAS VOLUME WEIGHT

(approximate according to temperature)

(approximate according to temperature)

Liter

Lbs

Liter

Lbs

Liter

Kg

Liter

Kg

13

11

14

12

10

16

14

10

20

14

13

20

32

28

19

30

48

42

30

22

25

40

63

56

40

29

32

50

79

70

50

36

60

43

38

60

95

83

44

70

111

97

70

50

50

80

127

111

80

58

57

90

143

125

90

65

100

72

63

100

158

139

126

200

317

278

200

144

189

300

476

417

300

216

252

400

634

556

400

288

500

359

315

500

793

695

378

600

951

834

600

431

442

700

1110

974

700

503

505

800

1268

1113

800

575

900

647

1000

719

568

900

1427

1252

631

1000

1585

1391

AVIATION GAS VOLUME WEIGHT


(approximate according to temperature)
Liter

Kg

Liter

Kg

1.39

.719

10

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

26

TABLES AND CODES

ALTIMETER CORRECTIONS

REFERENCE TABLES
TEMPERATURE CORRECTION

Extracted from ICAO Document 8186; Vol I; Part


VI; Chapter 3 ALTIMETER SETTING PROCEDURES.

5 MAY 06

Requirement for Temperature Correction


The calculated minimum safe altitudes/heights must
be adjusted when the ambient temperature on the
surface is much lower than that predicted by the
standard atmosphere. In such conditions, an approximate correction is 4 per cent height increase for every 10 C below standard temperature as measured
at the altimeter setting source. This is safe for all altimeter setting source altitudes for temperatures
above -15.

NOTE: This chapter deals with altimeter corrections


for pressure, temperature and, where appropriate,
wind and terrain effects. The pilot is responsible for
these corrections except when under radar vectoring. In that case, the radar controller shall issue
clearances such that the prescribed obstacle clearance will exist at all times, taking the cold temperature correction into account.

Tabulated Corrections

PRESSURE CORRECTION

For colder temperatures, a more accurate correction


should be obtained from Tables 1 and 2 below.
These tables are calculated for a sea level aerodrome. They are therefore conservative when applied at higher aerodromes.

Flight Levels
When flying at levels with the altimeter set to 1013.2
hPa, the minimum safe altitude must be corrected for
deviations in pressure when the pressure is lower
than the standard atmosphere (1013 hPa). An appropriate correction is 10m (30 ft) per hPa below
1013 hPa. Alternatively, the correction can be obtained from standard correction graphs or tables
supplied by the operator.

NOTE 1: The corrections have been rounded up to


the next 5m or 10 ft increment.
NOTE 2: Temperature values from the reporting station (normally the aerodrome) nearest to the position
of the aircraft should be used.

QNH/QFE
When using the QNH or QFE altimeter setting (giving altitude or height above QFE datum respectively), a pressure correction is not required.
Table 1 Values to be added by the pilot to minimum promulgated heights/altitudes (m)
Aerodrome
Temperature
(C)

60

90

120

150

Height above the elevation of the altimeter setting source (metres)


180

210

240

270

300

450

600

900

1200

1500

10

10

10

15

15

15

20

25

35

50

70

85

-10

10

10

15

15

25

20

25

30

30

45

60

90

120

150

-20

10

15

20

25

25

30

35

40

45

65

85

130

170

215

-30

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

55

60

85

115

170

230

285

-40

15

25

30

40

45

50

60

65

75

110

145

220

290

365

-50

20

30

40

45

55

65

75

80

90

135

180

270

360

450

Table 2 Values to be added by the pilot to minimum promulgated heights/altitudes (ft)


Aerodrome
Temperature
(C)

200

300

400

500

Height above the elevation of the altimeter setting source (feet)


600

700

800

900

1000

1500

2000

3000

4000

5000

20

20

30

30

40

40

50

50

60

90

120

170

230

280

-10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

150

200

290

390

490

-20

30

50

60

70

90

100

120

130

140

210

280

420

570

710

-30

40

60

80

100

120

140

150

170

190

280

380

570

760

950

-40

50

80

100

120

150

170

190

220

240

360

480

720

970

1210

-50

60

90

120

150

180

210

240

270

300

450

590

890

1190

1500

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

31

NOTAMS

INTRODUCTION
NOTAMS

NOTAMs promulgating significant information


changes are disseminated from locations all over the
world. NOTAMs are intended to supplement Aero-

nautical Information Publications and provide a fast


medium for disseminating information at a short notice. The following format and codes are used in disseminating NOTAMs.

TYPICAL NOTAM IN THE SYSTEM NOTAM FORMAT

FORMAT EXPLANATION OF SYSTEM NOTAM


NOTAMN New NOTAM
NOTAMR Replaces a previous NOTAM
NOTAMC Cancels a NOTAM
NOTAMS SNOWTAM (see page 43)
NOTAM format item Q is divided into eight separate qualifier fields.
a.

FIR ICAO location indicator plus XX if applicable to more than one FIR.

b.

NOTAM CODE For NOTAM code decode see page 33. If the subject of the NOTAM (second and third
letter of NOTAM code) is not in the NOTAM Code , the following letters should be used to reference the
subject category.
QAGXX = AGA

c.

TRAFFIC

QCOXX = COM

QRCXX = RAC

QXXXX = Other

I = IFR
V = VFR
IV = IFR/VFR

d.

PURPOSE

N = Selected for the immediate attention of aircraft operators.


B = Selected for preflight information bulletins.
O = Operationally significant for IFR flights.
M = Miscellaneous.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1992, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

32

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

NOTAMS
e.

SCOPE

A = Aerodrome
E = Enroute
W = Navigational warning

f.

LOWER Used when applicable to indicate lower limits of the affected area. Default value of 000 is
used when limit is not defined.

g.

UPPER Used when applicable to indicate upper limit of the affected area. Default value of 999 is used
when limit is not defined.

h.

COORDINATES RADIUS Latitude and longitude present approximate center of a circle whose radius
encompasses the whole area of influence.

NOTAM format items A thru G provide information on location, times, changes and limits.
A)

ICAO location indicator of aerodrome or FIR.

B)

Ten figure date-time group indicating when the NOTAM comes into force.

C)

Ten figure date-time group or PERM indicating the duration of the NOTAM. If the duration of the
NOTAM is uncertain, the approximate duration must be indicated using the date-time group
followed by EST.

D)

Specified periods for changes being reported, otherwise omitted.

E)

Decoded NOTAM code in plain language. ICAO abbreviations may be used where appropriate.

F)
G)

These items are normally applicable to navigational warnings or airspace restrictions clearly
indicating reference datum and units of measurement. Item F provides the lower limit and item G
provides the upper limit.

SOME STATES ARE STILL PROMULGATING


CLASS I NOTAMS IN THE PREVIOUS FORMAT.

PREVIOUS NOTAM FORMAT AND EXPLANATION

A)

ICAO location indicator of aerodrome or FIR.

B)

Eight figure date-time group, WIE (with immediate effect), or WEF (with effect from) indicating
when the NOTAM comes into force.

C)

Eight figure date-time group, PERM, or UFN (until further notice) indicating the duration of the
NOTAM. If the duration of the NOTAM is UFN, the approximate duration of the information should
also be indicated.

D)

Specified periods for changes being reported, otherwise omitted.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1992, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

33

NOTAMS
NOTAM code (see page 33 for decode), abbreviated plain language or both.

E)
F)

G)

These items are normally applicable to navigational warnings or airspace restrictions clearly
indicating reference datum and units of measurement.

NOTAM CODE
SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS
SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS (Q__ __)
CODE

UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

SIGNIFICATION

AGA
Lighting facilities (L)
LA

Approach light system (specify runway and type)

als

LB

Aerodrome beacon

abn

LC

Runway centerline lights (specify runway)

rcll

LD

Landing direction indicator lights

ldi lgt

LE

Runway edge lights (specify runway)

redl

LF

Sequenced flashing lights (specify runway)

sequenced flg lgt

LH

High intensity runway lights (specify runway)

high intst rwy lgt

LI

Runway end identifier lights (specify runway)

rwy end id lgt

LJ

Runway alignment indicator lights (specify runway)

rai lgt

LK

Category II components of approach lighting system (specify


runway)

cat II components als

LL

Low intensity runway lights (specify runway)

low intst rwy lgt

LM

Medium intensity runway lights (specify runway)

medium intst rwy lgt

LP

Precision approach path indicator (PAPI) (specify runway)

papi

LR

All landing area lighting facilities

ldg area lgt fac

LS

Stopway lights (specify runway)

stwl

LT

Threshold lights (specify runway)

thr lgt

LU

Helicopter approach path indicator

hapi

LV

Visual approach slope indicator system (specify type and


runway)

vasis

LW

Heliport lighting

heliport lgt

LX

Taxiway centerline lights (specify taxiway)

twy cl lgt

LY

Taxiway edge lights (specify taxiway)

twy edge lgt

LZ

Runway touchdown zone lights (specify runway)

rtzl

AGA
Movement and landing area (M)
MA

Movement area

mov area

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

34

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

NOTAMS
SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS (Q__ __)
CODE

UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

SIGNIFICATION

MB

Bearing strength (specify part of landing area or movement


area)

bearing strength

MC

Clearway (specify runway)

cwy

MD

Declared distances (specify runway)

declared dist

MG

Taxiing guidance system

tgs

MH

Runway arresting gear (specify runway)

rag

MK

Parking area

prkg area

MM

Daylight markings (specify threshold, centerline, etc.)

day markings

MN

Apron

apron

MP

Aircraft stands (specify)

acft stand

MR

Runway (specify runway)

rwy

MS

Stopway (specify runway)

swy

MT

Threshold (specify runway)

thr

MU

Runway turning bay (specify runway)

rwy turning bay

MW

Strip (specify runway)

strip

MX

Taxiway(s) (specify)

twy

AGA
Facilities and services (F)
FA

Aerodrome

ad

FB

Friction Measuring Device (specify type)

friction measuring device

FC

Ceiling measurement equipment

ceiling measurement eqpt

FD

Docking system (specify AGNIS, BOLDS, etc.)

dckg system

FE

Oxygen (specify type)

oxygen

FF

Fire fighting and rescue

fire and rescue

FG

Ground movement control

gnd mov ctl

FH

Helicopter alighting area/platform

hel alighting area

FJ

Oils (specify type)

oil

FL

Landing direction indicator

ldi

FM

Meteorological service (specify type)

met

FO

Fog dispersal system

fg dispersal

FP

Heliport

heliport

FS

Snow removal equipment

sn removal eqpt

FT

Transmissometer (specify runway and, where applicable,


designator(s) of transmissometer(s))

transmissometer

FU

Fuel availability

fuel avbl
JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

35

NOTAMS
SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS (Q__ __)
CODE

UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

SIGNIFICATION

FW

Wind direction indicator

wdi

FZ

Customs

cust

COM
Communication and radar facilities (C)
CA

Air/ground facility (specify service and frequency)

a/g fac

CD

Controller-pilot datalink communications and automatic


dependent surveillance

cpdlc/ads

CE

Enroute surveillance radar

rsr

CG

Ground controlled approach system (GCA)

gca

CL

Selective calling system (SELCAL)

selcal

CM

Surface movement radar

smr

CP

Precision approach radar (PAR) (specify runway)

par

CR

Surveillance radar element of precision approach radar

sre

system (specify wavelength)


CS

Secondary surveillance radar (SSR)

ssr

CT

Terminal area surveillance radar

tar

COM
Instrument and microwave landing systems (I)
IC

Instrument landing system (ILS) (specify runway)

ils

ID

DME associated with ILS

ils dme

IG

Glide path (ILS) (specify runway)

ils gp

II

Inner marker (ILS) (specify runway)

ils im

IL

Localizer (ILS) (specify runway)

ils llz

IM

Middle marker (ILS)(specify runway)

ils mm

IN

Localizer (not associated with ILS)

llz

IO

Outer marker (ILS) (specify runway)

ils om

IS

ILS Category I (specify runway)

ils cat I

IT

ILS Category II (specify runway)

ils cat II

IU

ILS Category III (specify runway)

ils cat III

IW

Microwave landing system (specify runway)

mls

IX

Locator, outer (ILS) (specify runway)

ils lo

IY

Locator, middle (ILS) (specify runway)

ils lm

COM
Terminal and enroute navigation facilities (N)

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

36

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

NOTAMS
SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS (Q__ __)
CODE

UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

SIGNIFICATION

NA

All radio navigation facilities (except. . .)

all rdo nav fac

NB

Non-directional radio beacon

ndb

NC

DECCA

decca

ND

Distance measuring equipment (DME)

dme

NF

Fan marker

fan mkr

NL

Locator (specify identification)

NM

VOR/DME

vor/dme

NN

TACAN

tacan

NO

OMEGA

omega

NT

VORTAC

vortac

NV

VOR

vor

NX

Direction finding station (specify type and frequency)

df

RAC
Airspace organization (A)
AA

Minimum altitude (specify enroute/crossing/safe)

mnm alt

AC

Control zone (CTR)

ctr

AD

Air defense identification zone (ADIZ)

adiz

AE

Control area (CTA)

cta

AF

Flight information region

fir

AH

Upper control area

uta

AL

Minimum usable flight level

mnm usable fl

AN

Area navigation route

rnav route

AO

Oceanic control area

oca

AP

Reporting point (specify name or coded designator)

rep

AR

ATS route (specify)

ats rte

AT

Terminal control area (TMA)

tma

AU

Upper flight information region (UIR)

uir

AV

Upper advisory area (UDA)

uda

AX

Intersection

int

AZ

Aerodrome traffic zone

atz

RAC
Air traffic and VOLMET services (S)
SA

Automatic terminal information service (ATIS)

atis

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

37

NOTAMS
SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS (Q__ __)
CODE

UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

SIGNIFICATION

SB

ATS reporting office

aro

SC

Area control center

acc

SE

Flight information service

fis

SF

Aerodrome flight information service

afis

SL

Flow control center

flow ctl center

SO

Oceanic area control center

oac

SP

Approach control service

app

SS

Flight service station

fss

ST

Aerodrome control tower

twr

SU

Upper area control center

uac

SV

VOLMET Broadcast

volmet

SY

Upper advisory service (specify)

upper advisory ser

RAC
Air traffic procedures (P)
PA

Standard instrument arrival (specify route designator)

star

PB

Standard VFR arrival

std vfr arr

PD

Standard instrument departure (SID) (specify route designator)

sid

PF

Flow control procedure

flow ctl proc

PH

Holding procedure

hldg proc

PI

Instrument approach procedure (specify type and runway)

inst apch proc

PK

VFR approach procedure

vfr apch proc

PM

Aerodrome operating minima (specify procedure and amended


minimum)

opr minima

PO

Obstacle clearance altitude (specify procedure)

oca

PP

Obstacle clearance height (specify procedure)

och

PR

Radio failure procedure

rdo failure proc

PT

Transition altitude

ta

PU

Missed approach procedure (specify runway)

missed apch proc

PX

Minimum holding altitude (specify fix)

mnm hldg alt

PZ

ADIZ procedure

adiz proc

Navigation warnings
Airspace restrictions (R)
RA

Airspace reservation (specify)

airspace reservation

RD

Danger area (specify national prefix and number)

..d..

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

38

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

NOTAMS
SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS (Q__ __)
CODE

UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

SIGNIFICATION

RM

Military operating area

moa

RO

Overflying of . . . (specify)

overflying

RP

Prohibited area (specify national prefix and number)

..p..

RR

Restricted area (specify national prefix and number)

..r..

RT

Temporary restricted area (specify area)

tempo restricted area

Navigation warnings
Warnings (W)
WA

Air display

air display

WB

Aerobatics

aerobatics

WC

Captive balloon or kite

captive balloon/kite

WD

Demolition of explosives

demolition of explosives

WE

Exercises (specify)

exer

WF

Air refuelling

air refuelling

WG

Glider flying

gld fly

WJ

Banner/target towing

banner/target towing

WL

Ascent of free balloon

ascent of free balloon

WM

Missile, gun or rocket firing

missile/gun/rocket frng

WP

Parachute jumping exercise

pje

WR

Radioactive materials or toxic chemicals (specify)

radioactive materials/toxic
chemicals

WS

Burning or blowing gas

burning/blowing gas

WT

Mass movement of aircraft

mass mov of acft

WV

Formation flight

formation flt

WW

Significant volcanic activity

significant volcanic act

WZ

Model flying

model fly

Other information (O)


OA

Aeronautical information service

ais

OB

Obstacle (specify details)

obst

OE

Aircraft entry requirements

acft entry rqmnts

OL

Obstacle lights on . . . (specify)

obst lgt

OR

Rescue co-ordination center

rcc

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

39

NOTAMS
FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS
FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS
CODE

UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

SIGNIFICATION

Availability (A)
AC

Withdrawn for maintenance

withdrawn maint

AD

Available for daylight operation

avbl day ops

AF

Flight checked and found reliable

fltck okay

AG

Operating but ground checked only, awaiting flight check

opr but gnd ck only, awaiting flt ck

AH

Hours of service are now . . . (specify)

hr ser

AK

Resumed normal operation

okay

AL

Operative (or reoperative) subject to previously published


limitations/conditions

opr subj previous cond

AM

Military operations only

mil ops only

AN

Available for night operation

avbl ngt ops

AO

Operational

opr

AP

Available, prior permission required

avbl ppr

AR

Available on request

avbl o/r

AS

Unserviceable

u/s

AU

Not available (specify reason if appropriate)

not avbl

AW

Completely withdrawn

withdrawn

AX

Previously promulgated shutdown has been cancelled

promulgated shutdown cnl

Changes (C)
CA

Activated

act

CC

Completed

cmpl

CD

Deactivated

deactivated

CE

Erected

erected

CF

Operating frequency(ies) changed to

opr freq changed to

CG

Downgraded to

downgraded to

CH

Changed

changed

CI

Identification or radio call sign changed to

ident/rdo call sign changed to

CL

Realigned

realigned

CM

Displaced

displaced

CN

Cancelled

cnl

CO

Operating

opr

CP

Operating on reduced power

opr reduced pwr

CR

Temporarily replaced by

tempo rplcd by

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

40

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

NOTAMS
FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS
CODE

UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

SIGNIFICATION

CS

Installed

instl

CT

On test, do not use

on test, do not use

Hazard conditions (H)


HA

Braking action is. . .


1. Poor
2. Medium/Poor
3. Poor
4. Medium/Good
5. Good

ba is . . .

HB

Friction coefficient is. . . (specify friction measuring device


used)

friction coefficient is

HC

Covered by compacted snow to a depth of

cov compacted sn depth

HD

Covered by dry snow to a depth of

cov dry sn depth

HE

Covered by water to a depth of

cov water depth

HF

Totally free of snow and ice

free of sn and ice

HG

Grass cutting in progress

grass cutting inpr

HH

Hazard due to (specify)

hazard due

HI

Covered by ice

cov ice

HJ

Launch planned. . .(specify balloon flight identification or


project code name, launch site, planned period of
launch(es) - date/time, expected climb direction,
estimated time to pass 18,000m (60,000 ft), or reaching
cruise level if at or below 18,000m (60,000 ft), together
with estimated location)

launch plan

HK

Bird migration in progress (specify direction)

bird migration inpr

HL

Snow clearance completed

snow clr cmpl

HM

Marked by

marked by

HN

Covered by wet snow or slush to a depth of

cov wet sn/slush depth

HO

Obscured by snow

obscured by sn

HP

Snow clearance in progress

snow clr inpr

HQ

Operation cancelled. . .(specify balloon flight identification


or project code name)

opr cnl

HR

Standing water

standing water

HS

Sanding in progress

sanding inpr

HT

Approach according to signal area only

apch according signal area only

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

41

NOTAMS
FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS
UNIFORM ABBREVIATED
PHRASEOLOGY

CODE

SIGNIFICATION

HU

Launch in progress. . .(specify balloon flight identification


or project code name, launch site, date/time of launch(es),
estimated time passing 18,000m (60,000 ft), or reaching
cruising level if at or below 18,000m (60,000 ft), together
with estimated location, estimated date/time of
termination of the flight and planned location of ground
contact, when applicable)

launch inpr

HV

Work completed

work cmpl

HW

Work in progress

wip

HX

Concentration of birds

bird concentration

HY

Snow banks exist (specify height)

sn banks hgt

HZ

Covered by frozen ruts and ridges

cov frozen ruts and ridges

Limitations (L)
LA

Operating on auxiliary power supply

opr aux pwr

LB

Reserved for aircraft based therein

reserved for acft based therein

LC

Closed

clsd

LD

Unsafe

unsafe

LE

Operating without auxiliary power supply

opr aux wo pwr

LF

Interference from

interference fm

LG

Operating without identification

opr wo ident

LH

Unserviceable for aircraft heavier than

u/s acft heavier than

LI

Closed to IFR operations

clsd ifr ops

LK

Operating a a fixed light

opr as f lgt. . .

LL

Usable for length of. .and width of. .

usable len/wid. . .

LN

Closed to all night operations

clsed to all ngt ops

LP

Prohibited to

prohibited to

LR

Aircraft restricted to runways and taxiways

acft restricted to rwy and twy

LS

Subject to interruption

subj intrp

LT

Limited to

ltd to

LV

Closed to VFR operations

clsd vfr ops

LW

Will take place

will take place

LX

Operating but caution advised due to

opr but caution advised due to

Other (XX)
XX

Where 4th and 5th letter code does not cover the situation
use XX and supplement by plain language

(plain language following the NOTAM


Code)

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1989, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

43

SNOWTAM
Extracted from ICAO Annex 15 AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION SERVICES
SNOWTAM

ORIGINATION AND DISTRIBUTION


Notification of the presence or removal or significant
changes in hazardous conditions due to snow,
slush, ice or water on the movement area is to be

made preferably by use of the SNOWTAM format, or


the NOTAM Code and plain language.
Information concerning snow, ice and standing water
on aerodrome pavements shall, when reported by
means of a SNOWTAM, contain information in the
order shown in the following SNOWTAM Format.

SNOWTAM FORMAT

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1993, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

44

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SNOWTAM

GUIDANCE FOR THE COMPLETION


OF THE SNOWTAM FORMAT

MMYGGgg =

GENERAL
a. When reporting on two or three runways, repeat
Items C to P inclusive.

3mm for slush;

3. a change in the available length or width of a


runway of 10 per cent or more;
4. any change in the type of deposit or extent of
coverage which requires reclassification in
Items F or T of the SNOWTAM;

GGgg =

optional group for: correction to


SNOWTAM message previously
disseminated with the same
serial number = COR.

NOTE: Brackets in (BBB) are used to indicate


that this group is optional.

2. changes in depth of deposit greater than the


following:
10mm for wet snow;

(BBB) =

1. a change in the coefficient of friction of about


0.05;

YY =

time in hours (GG) and minutes (gg) UTC;

d. The maximum validity of SNOWTAM is 24 hours.


New SNOWTAM must be issued whenever there
is a significant change in conditions. The following changes relating to runway conditions are
considered as significant:

day of the month

c. Metric units must be used and the unit of measurement not reported.

20mm for dry snow;

MM =
month; e.g., January = 01, December = 12

b. Items together with their indicator must be


dropped completely, where no information is to
be included.

date/time of
observation/measurement,
whereby:

EXAMPLE: Abbreviated heading of SNOWTAM


No. 149 from Zurich, measurement/observation
of 7 November at 0620 UTC:
SWLS0149 LSZH 1107 0620

Item A
Aerodrome location indicator (four-letter location
indicator).

Item B

6. any change in the conspicuity of runway


lighting caused by obscuring of the lights;

Eight-figure date/time group giving time of observation as month, day, hour and minutes in
UTC; this item must always be completed.
Item C

7. any other conditions known to be significant


according to experience or local circumstances.

Item D

e. The abbreviated heading TTAAiiii CCCC


MMYYGGgg (BBB) is included to facilitate the
automatic processing of SNOWTAM messages
in computer data banks. The explanation of
these symbols is:

5. when critical snow banks exist on one or both


sides of the runway, any change in the height
or distance from centerline;

TT =

data designator for SNOWTAM =


SW;

AA =

geographical designator for


States; e.g., LF = France, EG =
United Kingdom;

iiii =

SNOWTAM serial number in a


four-figure group;

CCCC =

four-letter location indicator of the


aerodrome to which the
SNOWTAM refers;

Lower runway designator number.


Cleared runway length in metres, if less than
published length (see Item T on reporting on part
of runway not cleared).
Item E
Cleared runway width in meters, if less than published width; if offset left or right of center line
add L or R as viewed from the threshold having the lower runway designation number.

Item F
Deposit over total runway length as explained in
SNOWTAM Format. Suitable combinations of
these numbers may be used to indicate varying
conditions over runway segments. If more than
one deposit is present on the same portion of the
runway, they should be reported in sequence
from the top to the bottom. Drifts, depths of deposit appreciably greater than the average values or other significant characteristics of the deposits may be reported under ITEM T in plain
language.

Item G
Mean depth in millimeters deposit for each third
of total runway length, or XX if not measurable
or operationally not significant; the assessment
to be made to an accuracy of 20mm for dry
snow, 10mm for wet snow and 3mm for slush.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1993, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

45

SNOWTAM

Item H
Friction measurements on each third of the runway and friction measuring device. Measured or
calculated coefficient (two digits) or, if not available, estimated surface friction (single digit) in
the order from the threshold having the lower
runway designation number. Insert a code 9
when surface conditions or available friction
measuring device do not permit a reliable surface friction measurement to be made. Use the
following abbreviations to indicate the type of
friction measuring device used:
BRD Brakemeter-Dynometer
GRT Grip Tester

If other equipment used specify in plain language.


Item J
Critical Snowbanks: If present insert height in
centimeters and distance from edge of runway in
metres, followed by left (L) or right (R) side or
both sides (LR), as viewed from the threshold
having the lower runway designation number.
Item K
If runway lights are obscured insert YES followed by L, R or both LR as viewed from the
threshold having the lower runway designation
number.
Item L
When further clearance will be undertaken, enter
length and width of runway or TOTAL if runway
will be cleared to full dimensions.
Item M
Enter the anticipated time of completion in UTC.

100% if 51-100% of runway contaminated.

EXAMPLE OF COMPLETED
SNOWTAM FORMAT
GG EHAMZQZX EDDFZQZX EKCHZQZX
070645 LSZHYNYX
SWLS0149 LSZH 11070620
SNOWTAM 0149

TAP Tapley meter

50% if 26-50% of runway contaminated

A) LSZH B) 11070620

SKH Skiddometer (high pressure tire)


SKL Skiddometer (low pressure tire)

25% if 11-25% of runway contaminated

RFT Runway friction tester


SFL Surface friction tester (low pressure tire)

10% if less than 10% of runway contaminated

MUM Mu-meter
SFH Surface friction tester (high pressure tire)

runway (if appropriate) in accordance with the


following scale:

Item N
The code for Item F may be used to describe
taxiway conditions; enter NO if no taxiways
serving the associated runway are available.

Item P
If applicable, enter YES followed by the lateral
distance in metres.

Item R

C) 02 D) . . . P)
C) 09 D) . . . P)
C) 12 D) . . . P)

R) NO S) 11070920 T) DEICING.

DEFINITIONS OF THE VARIOUS


TYPES OF SNOW
SLUSH Water-saturated snow which with a
heel-and-toe slap-down motion against the ground
will be displaced with a splatter; specific gravity: 0.5
up to 0.8.
NOTE: Combinations of ice, snow and/or standing
water may, especially when rain, rain and snow, or
snow is falling, produce substances with specific
gravities in excess of 0.8. These substances, due to
their high water/ice content, will have a transparent
rather than a cloudy appearance and, at the higher
specific gravities, will be readily distinguishable from
slush.
SNOW (on the ground)
a. Dry Snow: Snow which can be blown if loose or,
if compacted by hand, will fall apart again upon
release; specific gravity: up to but not including
0.35.
b. Wet Snow: Snow which, if compacted by hand,
will stick together and tend to or form a snowball;
specific gravity: 0.35 up to but not including 0.5.
c. Compacted Snow: Snow which has been compressed into a solid mass that resists further
compression and will hold together or break up
into lumps if picked up; specific gravity: 0.5 and
over.

The code for Item F may be used to describe


apron conditions; enter NO if apron unusable.

Item S
Enter the anticipated time of next observation/measurement in UTC.

Item T
Describe in plain language any operationally significant information but always report on length
of uncleared runway (Item D) and extent of runway contamination (Item F) for each third of the

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1993, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

51

STANDARD TIME SIGNALS


STANDARD TIME SIGNALS

INTRODUCTION
Precise time and frequency information is needed by
radio and air traffic control systems, participants in
space exploration computer networks, scientists
monitoring data of all kinds, and navigators of ships
and planes. These users need to compare their own
timing equipment to a reliable, internationally recog-

nized standard. The National Institute of Standards


and Technology (NIST) provides this standard for
most users in the United States.
Broadcast services include radio signals from NIST
radio stations WWV, WWVH, and WWVB; the
GOES satellites, and LoranC. Services are also
available using telephone voice and data lines.

SUMMARY OF RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES


Characteristics
Services:

WWV

WWVH

WWVB

Date Service
Began

March 1923

November 1948

July 1956

Geographical
Coordinates

40 40 49.0 N 105 02 27.0 W

21 59 26.0 N 159 46 00.0 W40

40 40 28.3 N 105
02 39.5 W

Standard Carrier
Frequencies

2.5 20 MHz

5, 10, 15 MHz

2.5 MHz

5, 10, 15 MHz

60 kHz

2500 W

10,000 W

5000 W

10,000 W

60 KW

Power
Standard Audio
Frequencies

440 (A above middle C), 500 600 Hz

Time Intervals

seconds, 10 sec, minutes, hour

Time Signals: Voice

Once per minute

Time Signals: Code

BCD code on 100Hz subcarrier, 1 pulse/s

UT1 Corrections
Special
Announcements

UT1 corrections are broadcast with an accuracy of +/0.1 s


Geoalerts, Marine Storm Warnings, Global Positioning System
Status Reports

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

53

STANDARD TIME SIGNALS


THE HOURLY BROADCAST SCHEDULES OF WWVH

SHORTWAVE SERVICES WWV


AND WWVH
NIST operates two high frequency (shortwave) radio
stations, WWV and WWVH. WWV is in Ft. Collins,
Colorado, and WWVH is in Kauai, Hawaii. Both stations broadcast continuous time and frequency signals on 2.5, 5, 10, and 15 MHz. WWV also broadcasts on 20 MHz. All frequencies provide the same
information. Although radio reception conditions in
the high frequency band vary greatly with factors
such as location, time of year, time of day, the partic-

ular frequency being used, atmospheric and ionospheric propagation conditions, and the type of receiving equipment used, at least one frequency
should be usable at all times. As a general rule, frequencies above 10 MHz work best in the daytime,
and the lower frequencies work best at night.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

54

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

STANDARD TIME SIGNALS


Services provided by WWV and WWVH include:
Time announcements Standard time intervals Standard frequencies UT1 time corrections BCD time
code Geophysical alerts Marine storm warnings
Global Positioning System (GPS) status reports

ACCURACY AND STABILITY


WWV and WWVH are referred to the primary NIST
Frequency Standard and related NIST atomic time
scales in Boulder, Colorado. The frequencies as
transmitted are maintained within a few parts in 1013
for frequency and <100 ns for timing with respect to
UTC (NIST). However, the received accuracy is far
less due to various propagation effects.

TIME ANNOUNCEMENTS
Voice announcements are made from WWV and
WWVH once every minute. Since both stations can
be heard in some locations, a mans voice is used on
WWV, and a womans voice is used on WWVH to reduce confusion. The WWVH announcement occurs
first, at about 15 s before the minute. The WWV announcement follows at about 7.5 s before the
minute. Though the announcements occur at different times, the tone markers are transmitted at the
exact same time from both stations. However, they
may not be received at exactly the same instant due
to differences in the propagation delays from the two
station sites.
The announced time is Coordinated Universal
Time (UTC).
UTC differs from your local time by a specific number of hours. The number of hours depends on the
number of time zones between your location and the
location of the zero meridian (which passes through
Greenwich, England). When local time changes
from Daylight Saving to Standard Time, or vice versa, UTC does not change. However, the difference
between UTC and local time does change by 1
hour. Use the chart of world time zones to find out
how many hours to add to or subtract from UTC to
obtain your local standard time. If DST is in effect at
your location, subtract 1 hour less in the U.S. than
shown on the chart.
UTC is a 24 hour clock system. The hours are numbered beginning with 00 hours at midnight through
12 hours at noon to 23 hours and 59 minutes just
before the next midnight.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

55

STANDARD TIME SIGNALS


STANDARD TIME ZONES OF THE WORLD AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO UTC

STANDARD TIME INTERVALS


The most frequent sounds heard on WWV and
WWVH are the seconds pulses. These pulses are
heard every second except on the 29th and 59th
seconds of each minute. The first pulse of each hour
is an 800ms pulse of 1500 Hz. The first pulse of
each minute is an 800ms pulse of 1000 Hz at WWV
and 1200 Hz at WWVH. The remaining seconds
pulses are short audio bursts (5ms pulses of 1000
Hz at WWV and 1200 Hz at WWVH) that sound like
the ticking of a clock.

tected zone around each seconds pulse is shown


below.

Each seconds pulse is preceded by 10 ms of silence


and followed by 25 ms of silence. The silence makes
it easier to pick out the pulse. The total 40ms pro JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

56

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

STANDARD TIME SIGNALS


FORMAT OF WWV AND WWVH SECONDS PULSES

STANDARD AUDIO FREQUENCIES


In alternate minutes during most of each hour,
500Hz or 600Hz audio tones are broadcast. A
440Hz tone (the musical note A above middle C) is
broadcast once each hour. In addition to being a musical standard, the 440 Hz tone provides an hourly
marker for chart recorders and other automated devices. The 440Hz tone is omitted, however, during
the first hour of each UTC day.

SILENT PERIODS
The silent periods are without tone modulation.
However, the carrier frequency, seconds pulses,
time announcements, and the 100Hz BCD time
code continue during the silent periods. In general,
one station will not broadcast an audio tone while
the other station is broadcasting a voice message.
On WWV, the silent period extends from 43 to 52 after the hour. WWVH has two silent periods; from 8 to
11 minutes after the hour, and from 14 to 20 minutes
after the hour. Minutes 29 and 59 on WWV and minutes 00 and 30 on WWVH are also silent.

BCD TIME CODE


WWV and WWVH continuously broadcast a binary
coded decimal (BCD) time code on a 100Hz subcarrier. The time code provides UTC information in serial fashion at a rate of 1 bit per second. The information carried by the time code includes the current
minute, hour, and day of the year. The time code
also contains the 100Hz frequency from the subcarrier. The 100Hz frequency may be used as a standard with the same accuracy as the audio frequencies.
WWV and WWVH require 1 minute to send their
time code. The time code frame contains the minute,
hour, day of year, the last two digits of the current
year, the UT1 correction, a leap second indicator,
and information about daylight and standard time.
Two BCD groups are used to express the hour (00 to
23), minute (00 to 59), and year (00 to 99); and three
groups are used to express the day of year (001 to
366). The information in the time code refers to the
time at the start of the one-minute frame. Seconds
are determined by counting pulses within the frame.

Each time code frame begins with a unique spacing


of pulses that mark the start of a new minute. During
the first second of the minute, no pulse is transmitted. Since the pulses are already delayed 30 ms by
the tone suppression, the UTC minute actually begins 1030 ms (1.03 s) earlier than the first pulse in
the frame. For synchronization purposes, position
markers lasting for 770 ms are transmitted every 10
s.
A leap second indicator is transmitted at second 3. If
this bit is high, it indicates that a leap second will be
added to UTC at the end of the current month. The
bit is set to 1 near the start of the month in which a
leap second is added. It is set to 0 immediately after
the leap second insertion.
UT1 corrections are broadcast during the final 10 s
of each frame. The bit transmitted at second 50
shows if UT1 is positive or negative with respect to
UTC. If a 1 is sent, the UT1 correction is positive. If a
0 is sent, the UT1 correction is negative. Bits 56, 57,
and 58 form a three-bit BCD group that shows the
magnitude of the correction. Since the unit for the
UT1 correction is 0.1 s, multiply the BCD group by
0.1 to obtain the correct value. Since only three bits
are used, the WWV and WWVH time codes can only
transmit UT1 corrections ranging from -0.7 to +0.7 s.
Daylight saving time (DST) and standard time (ST)
information is transmitted at seconds 2 and 55.
When ST is in effect, bits 2 and 55 are set to 0.
When DST is in effect, bits 2 and 55 are set to 1. On
the day of a change from ST to DST bit 55 changes
from 0 to 1 at 0000 UTC, and bit 2 changes from 0 to
1 exactly 24 hours later. On the day of a change
from DST back to ST bit 55 changes from 1 to 0 at
0000 UTC, and bit 2 changes from 1 to 0 exactly 24
hours later.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

57

STANDARD TIME SIGNALS


The year information is transmitted in two different
parts of the time code. The last digit of the year is
sent using bits 4 through 7. The next to last digit of
the year, or the decade indicator, is sent using bits
51 through 54. For example, for the year 2001, bits 4
through 7 will return a decimal value of 1, and bits 51
through 54 will return a decimal value of 0.

UT1 TIME CORRECTIONS


The UTC time scale broadcast by WWV and WWVH
meets the needs of most users. UTC runs at an almost perfectly constant rate, since its rate is based
on cesium atomic frequency standards. Somewhat
surprisingly, some users need time less stable than
UTC but related to the rotation of the Earth. Applications such as celestial navigation, satellite observations of the Earth, and some types of surveying require time referenced to the rotational position of the
Earth. These users rely on the UT1 time scale. UT1
is derived by astronomers who monitor the speed of
the Earths rotation.
You can obtain UT1 time by applying a correction to
the UTC time signals broadcast from WWV and
WWVH. UT1 time corrections are included in the
WWV and WWVH broadcasts at two levels of accuracy. First, for those users only needing UT1 to within 1 s, occasional corrections of exactly 1 s are inserted into the UTC time scale. These corrections,
called leap seconds, keep UTC within +/0.9 s of
UT1. Leap seconds are coordinated under international agreement by the International Earth Rotation
Service in Paris, France. Leap seconds can be either positive or negative, but so far, only positive
leap seconds have been needed. A positive leap
second is normally added every 1 or 2 years, usually
on June 30 or December 31.
The second level of correction is for the small number of users needing UT1 accurate to within 0.1 s.
These corrections are encoded into the broadcasts
by using doubled ticks during the first 16 s of each
minute. The amount of correction (in tenths of 1 s) is
determined by counting the number of successive
doubled ticks heard each minute. The sign of the
correction depends on whether the doubled ticks are
in the first 8 s of the minute or in the second 8 s. If
the doubled ticks are in the first 8 s (18) the sign is
positive, and if they are in the second 8 s (916) the
sign is negative. For example, if ticks 1, 2, and 3 are
doubled, the correction is plus 0.3 s. This means
that UT1 equals UTC + 0.3 s. If UTC is 8:45:17, then
UT1 is 8:45:17.3. If ticks 9, 10, 11, and 12 are doubled, the correction is minus 0.4 s. If UTC is
8:45:17, then UT1 is 8:45:16.6. An absence of doubled ticks indicates that the current correction is 0.

Geophysical Alerts
Current geophysical alerts (Geoalerts) are broadcast in voice from WWV at 18 minutes after the hour
and from WWVH at 45 minutes after the hour. The
messages are less than 45 s in length and are updated every 3 hours (typically at 0000, 0300, 0600,
0900, 1200, 1500, 1800, and 2100 UTC). Hourly updates are made when necessary.
SECTION INFORMATION IN VOICE MESSAGE
1

The solar-terrestrial indices for the


day: specifically the solar flux, the A
index, and the K index.

Space weather storms observed


during the previous 24 hours. Includes
all observed geomagnetic storms,
solar radiation storms (proton events)
and Radio blackouts (class M1 and
greater flares).

Space weather expected during the


following 24 hours.

Marine Storm Warnings


Both WWV and WWVH broadcast marine storm
warnings for the ocean areas where the United
States has warning responsibility for under international agreement. These brief voice messages warn
mariners of storm threats present in their areas, and
contain information provided by the National Weather Service. Atlantic high seas warnings are broadcast by WWV at 8 and 9 minutes after the hour and
an eastern North Pacific high seas warning is broadcast at 10 minutes after the hour. WWVH broadcasts
eastern and central North Pacific high seas warnings at 48, 49, 50 and 51 minutes after the hour. Additional segments (at 11 minutes after the hour on
WWV and at 52 minutes after the hour on WWVH)
are used when conditions are particularly bad.
The storm warnings are based on the most recent
forecasts. Updated forecasts are issued by the National Weather Service at 0500, 1100, 1700, and
2300 UTC for WWV; and at 0000, 0600, 1200, and
1800 UTC for WWVH.
A typical storm warning announcement test is as follows:
North Atlantic weather West of 35 West at 1700
UTC; Hurricane Donna, intensifying, 24 North, 60
West, moving northwest, 20 knots, winds 75 knots;
storm, 65 North, 35 West, moving east, 10 knots;
winds 50 knots, seas 15 feet.

OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS
Announcement segments 45 s long are available by
subscription to other Federal agencies. These segments are used for public service messages. The
accuracy and content of these messages is the responsibility of the originating agency.
For information about the availability of these segments, contact the NIST Time and Frequency Division. The announcements that are currently part of
the program schedule are described below.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

58

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

STANDARD TIME SIGNALS


ACCURACY AND STABILITY

Global Positioning System (GPS) Status


Announcements

The U.S. Coast Guard has sponsored two voice announcements per hour on WWV and WWVH, giving
current status information about the GPS satellites
and related operations. The 45 s announcements
begin at 14 and 15 minutes after each hour on WWV
and at 43 and 44 minutes after each hour on
WWVH.

WWV AND WWVH AUDIO SIGNALS BY


TELEPHONE
The audio portions of the WWV and WWVH broadcasts can also be heard by telephone. The time signals are usually delayed by <30 ms from a landline
in the continental United States, and the stability
(delay variations) are generally <1 ms during the
call. If you are calling from a mobile phone, the delay
is often more than 100 ms due to the multiple access
methods used to share cell channels. And if you are
making an overseas call, your call could be routed
through a communications satellite, which might add
250 to 500 ms to the delay.
To hear these broadcasts, dial (303) 499-7111 for
WWV, and (808) 335-4363 for WWVH. Callers are
disconnected after about 2 minutes. These are not
toll free numbers; callers outside the local calling
area are charged for the call at regular long distance
rates.

LOW FREQUENCY SERVICES


WWVB
Radio station WWVB is located on the WWV site
near FT. Collins, Colorado. WWVB continuously
broadcasts time and frequency signals at 60 kHz,
primarily for the continental United States. WWVB
does not broadcast voice announcements, but provides standard time information, including the year;
time intervals; Daylight Saving Time, leap second,
and leap year indicators; and UT1 corrections by
means of a BCD time code. In addition, the 60kHz
carrier frequency provides an accurate frequency
standard which is referenced to the NIST Frequency
Standard.
MEASURED FIELD INTENSITY CONTOURS OF
WWVB AT 13KW EFFECTIVE RADIATED POWER

NIST maintains the time and frequency standards at


the WWVB site as closely as possible. The transmitted frequency of WWVB is maintained within a few
parts in 1013 and time at the station site is kept within 100 ns of UTC (NIST). Propagation effects are minor compared to those of WWV and WWVH. When
proper receiving and averaging techniques are
used, the received accuracy of WWVB should be
nearly as good as the transmitted accuracy.

STATION IDENTIFICATION
WWVB identifies itself by advancing its carrier phase
45 at 10 minutes after the hour and returning to normal phase at 15 minutes after the hour. WWVB is
also identified by its unique time code.

WWVB TIME CODE


The WWVB time code is synchronized with the
60kHz carrier and is broadcast continuously at a rate
of 1 bit per second using pulsewidth modulation.
Each pulse is generated by reducing the carrier
power 10 dB at the start of each second. If full power
is restored 200 ms later, it represents a 0 bit. If full
power is restored 500 ms later, it represents a 1 bit.
If full power is restored 800 ms later, it represents a
reference marker or a position identifier.
WWVB requires one minute to send its time code.
The time code frame contains the current minute,
hour, day of year, the last two digits of the current
year, the UT1 correction, leap year and leap second
indicators, and information about daylight and standard time.

GOES SATELLITE TIME SERVICES


NIST and NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmosphere
Administration) have announced that the GOES
Time Code Service ended on January 1, 2005. Existing GOES Time Code receivers will no longer be
able to synchronize after that date, since the time
code will then be removed from the broadcast. This
decision has been jointly made by NIST and NOAA
in response to the fact that nearly all users requiring
time more accurate than 1 millisecond now use the
Global Positioning System (GPS), and as a result,
commercial sources for GOES timing receivers have
not existed for several years.
For questions or more information contact Michael
Lombardi at lombardi@boulder.nist.gov.

AUTOMATED COMPUTER TIME SERVICE


(ACTS)
The Automated Computer Time service (ACTS),
provides computers with telephone access to NIST
time at accuracies approaching 1 ms.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

59

STANDARD TIME SIGNALS


ACTS only works with analog modems that use ordinary telephone lines. Digital modems, such as Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), cable and wireless modems, cannot synchronize using ACTS. For
computers with Internet access, the Internet Time
Service (ITS) should be used to synchronize to
NIST. For information about ITS contact Judah Levine jlevine@boulder.nist.gov.
Using ACTS requires only a computer, a modem,
and some simple software. When a computer connects to ACTS by telephone, it receives an ASCII
time code. The information in the time code is then
used to set the computers clock.
Phone number

Location

(303) 494-4774

Colorado

(808) 335-4721

Hawaii

ACTS works at speeds up to 9600 baud with 8 data


bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. To receive the full time
code, you must connect at a speed of at least 1200
baud. The full time code is transmitted every second
and contains more information than the 300 baud
time code, which is transmitted every 2 seconds.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

61

RADIO TIME SIGNALS

GENERAL INFORMATION

RADIO TIME SIGNALS

Five short pips, from second 55 to second 59, followed by a lengthened pip, the start of which marks
the minute to an accuracy of +/- 1/20 second. The

duration of each short pip is 100 milliseconds and


that of the long pip is 500 milliseconds.
All times are in UTC; signals will be one hour earlier
during summer period.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC. 1988, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24 FEB 06

TABLES AND CODES

101

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES

INTRODUCTION

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES

The tables supplied on the following pages provide


an easy means to determine the sunrise and sunset
for most any position on the globe.
To obtain the Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) of
the sunrise or sunset at a particular place, the longitude must be converted to time (by means of the
Longitude to Time Table) and applied (east longitude
subtract, west add) to the Local Mean Time (LMT) at
0 longitude from the Sunrise and Sunset Tables.
Listings beginning towards the end of the Sunrise
and Sunset Tables contain the Local to UTC Conversion Factors, preselected for your convenience, for
many cities throughout the world.
UTC = LMT East (or + West) Longitude to Time Factor
EXAMPLE 1:
Find the UTC for the sunrise at Denver, Colorado, USA on 1 October.
Denver is located at 40N and 105W (rounded to
nearest degree).
From the Sunrise and Sunset Tables, find the
LMT for the sunrise at 0 longitude, 40 N, on 2
October (nearest day).
It is 05:56.
From the Longitude To Time Table, find the Longitude to Time Factor for 105 longitude.
It is 07:00.
Since the longitude for Denver is west, add 07:00
hours to 05:56 hours to obtain the UTC for the
sunrise:
05:56 + 07:00 = 12:56 UTC.
EXAMPLE 2:
Find the UTC for the sunset at Frankfurt, Germany on 1 October.
Frankfurt is located at 50N and 009E (rounded to
nearest degree).
From the Sunrise and Sunset Tables, find the
LMT for the sunset at 0 longitude, 50 N, on 2
October (nearest day).
It is 17:38.
From the Longitude To Time Table, find the Longitude to Time Factor for 009 longitude.
It is 00:36.
Since the longitude for Frankfurt is east, subtract
00:36 hours from 17:38 hours to obtain the UTC
for the sunset:
17:38 00:36 = 17:02 UTC.
Local time is determined by adding or subtracting
the LT conversion factor for the state. These factors
are listed in the Jeppesen Airport Directory.
Many states adopt summer or daylight time for
several months of the year. Consult the Chart NOTAMs section of the Jeppesen Airway Manual for dates
and conversion factors for any particular state.

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

102

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES

LONGITUDE TO TIME
Degree ( ) to Hours (h) and Minutes (m)

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

0 00

30

2 00

60

4 00

90

6 00

120

8 00

150

10 00

0 04

31

2 04

61

4 04

91

6 04

121

8 04

151

10 04

0 08

32

2 08

62

4 08

92

6 08

122

8 08

152

10 08

0 12

33

2 12

63

4 12

93

6 12

123

8 12

153

10 12

0 16

34

2 16

64

4 16

94

6 16

124

8 16

154

10 16

0 20

35

2 20

65

4 20

95

6 20

125

8 20

155

10 20

0 24

36

2 24

66

4 24

96

6 24

126

8 24

156

10 24

0 28

37

2 28

67

4 28

97

6 28

127

8 28

157

10 28

0 32

38

2 32

68

4 32

98

6 32

128

8 32

158

10 32

0 36

39

2 36

69

4 36

99

6 36

129

8 36

159

10 36

10

0 40

40

2 40

70

4 40

100

6 40

130

8 40

160

10 40

11

0 44

41

2 44

71

4 44

101

6 44

131

8 44

161

10 44

12

0 48

42

2 48

72

4 48

102

6 48

132

8 48

162

10 48

13

0 52

43

2 52

73

4 52

103

6 52

133

8 52

163

10 52

14

0 56

44

2 56

74

4 56

104

6 56

134

8 56

164

10 56

15

1 00

45

3 00

75

5 00

105

7 00

135

9 00

165

11 00

16

1 04

46

3 04

76

5 04

106

7 04

136

9 04

166

11 04

17

1 08

47

3 08

77

5 08

107

7 08

137

9 08

167

11 08

18

1 12

48

3 12

78

5 12

108

7 12

138

9 12

168

11 12

19

1 16

49

3 16

79

5 16

109

7 16

139

9 16

169

11 16

20

1 20

50

3 20

80

5 20

110

7 20

140

9 20

170

11 20

21

1 24

51

3 24

81

5 24

111

7 24

141

9 24

171

11 24

22

1 28

52

3 28

82

5 28

112

7 28

142

9 28

172

11 28

23

1 32

53

3 32

83

5 32

113

7 32

143

9 32

173

11 32

24

1 36

54

3 36

84

5 36

114

7 36

144

9 36

174

11 36

25

1 40

55

3 40

85

5 40

115

7 40

145

9 40

175

11 40

26

1 44

56

3 44

86

5 44

116

7 44

146

9 44

176

11 44

27

1 48

57

3 48

87

5 48

117

7 48

147

9 48

177

11 48

28

1 52

58

3 52

88

5 52

118

7 52

148

9 52

178

11 52

29

1 56

59

3 56

89

5 56

119

7 56

149

9 56

179

11 56

180

12 00

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

103

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously below the horizon

Sun remains continuously above the horizon

SUNRISE
January
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

h m

h m

12 04

11 03

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

70

68

11 34

11 13

12 05

11 11

10 46

10 25

10 06

10 13

09 59

09 46

09 33

10 56

10 41

10 27

66

10 27

10 21

10 14

10 06

09 58

09 49

09 39

29

09 19

09 09

64

09 49

09 45

09 41

09 35

29

22

09 15

09 07

08 59

08 50

62

22

20

09 16

09 12

09 07

09 02

08 56

08 49

43

35

N 60

09 02

09 00

08 58

08 54

08 50

08 46

08 40

08 35

08 29

08 22

58

08 45

08 44

42

39

36

32

27

22

17

11

56

31

30

28

26

23

20

16

12

08 07

08 02

54

19

18

17

15

12

09

08 06

08 02

07 58

07 53

52

08 08

08 07

08 06

08 05

08 02

08 00

07 57

07 54

50

46

N 50

07 58

07 58

07 57

07 56

07 54

07 52

07 49

07 46

07 42

07 39

45

38

38

38

37

36

34

32

30

27

24

40

22

22

22

22

21

20

18

16

14

12

35

07 08

07 08

07 08

07 08

07 08

07 07

07 06

07 05

07 03

07 01

30

06 56

06 57

06 57

06 57

06 57

06 56

06 56

06 55

06 54

06 52

N 20

06 35

06 36

06 37

06 37

06 38

06 38

06 38

06 38

06 37

06 37

N 10

17

18

19

20

21

22

22

22

23

23

06 00

06 02

06 03

06 04

06 05

06 06

06 07

06 08

06 09

06 10

S 10

05 43

05 44

05 46

05 48

05 49

05 51

05 52

05 54

05 55

05 56

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

38

40

42

S 30

05 03

05 05

05 07

05 10

05 12

05 15

05 17

05 20

05 23

05 25

35

04 50

04 52

04 55

04 57

05 00

05 03

05 06

05 09

13

16

20

40

35

38

41

44

04 47

04 50

04 54

04 57

05 01

05 04

45

04 18

04 21

24

27

31

35

39

43

04 47

04 51

50

03 56

03 59

04 03

04 07

11

15

20

25

30

35

S 52

03 45

03 49

03 52

03 57

04 01

04 06

04 11

04 17

04 22

04 28

54

33

37

41

46

03 51

03 56

04 01

04 07

13

19

56

19

22

28

33

38

44

03 50

03 57

04 03

04 10

58

03 03

03 08

03 13

03 18

24

31

37

44

03 52

03 59

S 60

02 44

02 49

02 54

03 00

03 07

03 15

03 22

03 30

03 38

03 46

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

104

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
January
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

N 72

12 25

13 24

70

68

12 21

13 11

13 39

14 01

14 21

12 36

13 00

13 20

13 37

13 54

14 09

14 25

14 39

14 54

66

13 41

13 49

13 59

14 09

14 20

14 32

14 43

14 55

15 06

15 18

64

14 19

14 25

14 32

14 40

14 49

14 58

15 07

15 17

27

36

62

14 45

14 50

14 57

15 03

15 10

15 18

26

35

43

15 52

N 60

15 06

15 10

15 16

15 22

15 28

15 35

15 42

15 49

15 57

16 05

58

22

27

32

37

43

15 49

15 55

16 02

16 09

15

56

37

41

45

15 50

15 55

16 01

16 06

12

19

25

54

15 49

15 53

15 57

16 01

16 06

11

16

22

28

34

52

16 00

16 03

16 07

11

16

20

25

30

36

41

N 50

16 09

16 13

16 16

16 20

16 24

16 29

16 33

16 38

16 43

16 48

29

32

35

39

42

16 46

16 50

16 54

16 58

17 03

45
40

16 46

16 48

16 51

16 54

16 57

17 01

17 04

17 08

17 11

15

35

17 00

17 02

17 04

17 07

17 10

13

16

19

22

25

30

12

14

16

19

21

24

26

29

32

34

N 20

17 32

17 34

17 36

17 38

17 40

17 42

17 44

17 46

17 48

17 50

N 10

17 50

17 52

17 54

17 55

17 57

17 58

18 00

18 01

18 02

18 04

18 07

18 09

18 10

18 11

18 12

18 14

14

15

16

17

25

26

27

28

29

29

29

30

30

30

20

18 43

18 44

18 45

18 45

18 46

18 46

18 46

18 45

18 45

18 44

S 30

S 10

19 05

19 05

19 06

19 06

19 05

19 05

19 04

19 03

19 02

19 00

35

17

18

18

18

17

16

15

14

12

10

40

32

32

32

31

30

29

28

26

24

21

45

19 50

19 49

19 49

19 48

19 46

19 45

19 42

40

37

34

50

20 12

20 11

20 10

20 08

20 06

20 04

20 01

19 58

19 54

50

S 52

20 22

20 21

20 20

20 18

20 16

20 13

20 09

20 06

20 02

19 57

54

34

33

31

29

26

23

19

15

11

20 06

56

20 48

20 46

44

41

38

35

30

26

21

15

58

21 04

21 02

20 59

20 56

20 52

20 48

43

38

32

26

S 60

21 23

21 21

21 18

21 14

21 09

21 04

20 58

20 52

20 45

20 38

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

105

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
February
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

10 33

10 09

09 48

09 28

09 10

08 52

08 35

08 18

08 02

07 46

70

09 49

09 33

09 17

09 02

08 47

32

18

08 04

07 49

35

68

09 20

09 08

08 55

08 42

30

17

08 04

07 52

39

27

66

08 59

08 48

37

26

16

08 05

07 53

42

31

20

64

42

32

23

14

08 04

07 54

44

34

24

14

27

19

11

08 03

07 54

45

36

27

18

08

N 60

62

08 15

08 08

08 01

07 53

07 45

07 37

07 29

07 21

07 12

07 03

58

08 05

07 59

07 52

45

38

31

23

15

08

07 00

56

07 56

50

44

38

32

25

18

11

03

06 56

54

48

43

37

32

26

19

13

06

07 00

53

52

41

36

31

26

20

15

09

07 02

06 56

50

07 35

07 30

07 25

07 21

07 15

07 10

07 05

06 59

06 53

06 47

21

17

13

09

07 05

07 01

06 56

51

46

41

N 50
45
40

07 09

07 06

07 03

07 00

06 56

06 53

49

45

40

36

35

06 59

06 57

06 55

06 52

49

46

43

39

35

32

30

51

49

47

45

42

40

37

34

31

28

06 36

06 35

06 33

06 32

06 31

06 29

06 27

06 25

06 23

06 21

N 20
N 10

23

22

22

21

21

20

19

18

16

15

06 10

06 10

06 11

11

11

11

11

10

10

09

S 10

05 57

05 58

05 59

06 00

06 01

06 02

06 02

06 03

06 03

06 03

44

45

47

05 49

05 50

05 52

05 53

05 55

05 56

05 57

20
S 30

05 28

05 31

05 33

05 36

05 38

05 41

05 43

05 45

05 47

05 50

35

19

22

25

28

31

34

37

40

43

45

40

05 08

12

16

19

23

26

30

34

37

40

45

04 56

05 00

05 05

05 09

13

18

22

26

30

35

50

40

04 46

04 51

04 56

05 02

07

12

17

23

28

04 33

04 39

04 45

04 50

04 56

05 02

05 08

05 13

05 19

05 25

54

25

31

38

44

50

04 57

05 03

09

15

21

56

16

23

30

37

44

50

04 57

05 04

10

17

58

04 06

14

21

29

36

43

51

04 58

05

13

S 60

03 54

04 03

04 11

04 19

04 28

04 36

04 44

04 52

05 00

05 08

S 52

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

106

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
February
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

N 72

13 55

14 20

14 42

15 02

15 20

15 38

15 55

16 11

16 26

16 41

70

14 39

14 56

15 12

28

15 43

15 58

16 12

25

39

16 52

68

15 08

15 21

35

15 48

16 00

16 13

25

37

49

17 00

66

29

41

15 52

16 03

14

25

36

47

16 57

07

64

15 46

15 56

16

16

26

35

45

16 55

17 04

13

62

16 00

16 09

18

27

36

44

16 53

17 02

10

18

N 60

16 12

16 20

16 28

16 36

16 44

16 52

17 00

17 08

17 15

17 23

58

23

30

37

44

51

16 59

06

13

20

27

56

32

38

45

51

16 58

17 04

11

18

24

30

54

40

46

52

16 58

17 04

10

16

22

28

34

52

47

52

16 58

17 03

09

15

20

26

31

37

N 50

16 53

16 58

17 03

17 09

17 14

17 19

17 24

17 29

17 34

17 39

45

17 07

17 11

16

20

24

28

32

37

41

45

40

18

22

25

29

33

36

40

43

47

50

35

28

31

34

37

40

43

46

49

51

54

30

37

39

42

44

47

49

17 51

17 54

17 56

17 58

N 20

17 52

17 53

17 55

17 57

17 58

17 59

18 01

18 02

18 03

18 05

N 10

18 05

18 06

18 07

18 07

18 08

18 09

09

10

10

10

17

17

18

18

18

18

17

17

17

16

S 10

30

29

29

28

27

27

25

24

23

22

20

43

42

41

39

38

36

34

32

30

28

S 30

18 59

18 57

18 55

18 52

18 50

18 47

18 44

18 42

18 38

18 35

35

19 08

19 05

19 03

19 00

18 57

18 54

50

47

43

39

40

18

15

12

09

19 05

19 01

18 57

18 53

49

44

45

31

27

23

19

14

10

19 05

19 00

18 55

50

46

41

36

31

26

20

15

09

19 03

18 57

S 52

50

19 53

19 48

19 42

19 37

19 31

19 25

19 19

19 13

19 06

19 00

54

20 01

19 55

49

43

37

30

24

17

10

03

56

09

20 03

19 57

50

43

37

29

22

15

07

19

13

20 06

19 58

51

43

35

27

19

11

20 31

20 23

20 15

20 07

19 59

19 51

19 42

19 34

19 25

19 16

58
S 60

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

107

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
March
LAT

N 72

12

15

18

21

24

27

30

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

07 30

07 14

06 59

06 44

06 28

06 13

05 57

05 42

05 26

05 11

70

21

08

54

40

26

12

58

44

30

16

68

14

07 02

49

37

24

12

05 59

46

34

21

66

08

06 57

46

34

23

11

06 00

48

37

25

64

07 03

53

42

32

21

11

00

50

39

28

62

06 59

49

40

30

20

11

01

51

41

31

N 60

06 55

06 46

06 37

06 28

06 19

06 10

06 01

05 52

05 43

05 34

58

52

43

35

27

18

10

01

53

44

36

56

48

41

33

25

17

10

02

54

46

38

54

46

39

31

24

17

09

02

55

47

40

52

43

36

30

23

16

09

02

55

48

41

06 41

06 35

06 28

06 22

06 15

06 09

06 02

05 56

05 49

05 43

45

36

30

25

20

14

09

03

57

52

46

40

32

27

22

18

13

08

03

58

53

49

35

28

24

20

16

12

08

03

05 59

55

51

30

25

21

18

14

11

07

04

06 00

57

53

06 19

06 17

06 14

06 12

06 09

06 07

06 04

06 01

05 59

05 56

N 50

N 20
N 10

14

12

11

09

08

06

04

02

06 01

05 59

09

08

07

07

06

05

04

03

02

06 01

S 10

06 04

06 04

04

04

04

04

04

04

04

04

20

05 58

05 59

06 00

06 01

02

03

04

05

05

06

S 30

05 52

05 54

05 56

05 58

06 00

06 02

06 04

06 05

06 07

06 09

35

48

51

53

56

05 58

01

03

06

08

11

40

44

47

50

54

57

06 00

03

06

09

12

45

39

43

47

51

55

05 59

03

06

10

14

50

33

38

43

48

53

57

02

07

12

16

05 30

05 36

05 41

05 46

05 51

05 57

06 02

06 07

06 12

06 17

54

27

33

39

45

50

56

02

07

13

19

56

24

30

36

43

49

55

01

08

14

20

S 52

58
S 60

20

27

34

41

47

54

01

08

14

21

05 16

05 23

05 31

05 38

05 46

05 53

06 01

06 08

06 15

06 23

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

108

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
March
LAT

12

15

18

21

24

27

30

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

16 56

17 11

17 25

17 39

17 53

18 07

18 20

18 34

18 48

19 02

70

17 05

18

30

42

55

07

19

31

44

18 56

68

12

23

34

45

56

07

18

29

40

51

66

18

28

38

48

58

08

17

27

37

47

64

23

32

41

50

17 59

08

17

25

34

43

62

27

35

43

52

18 00

08

16

24

32

40

17 31

17 38

17 46

17 53

18 01

18 08

18 15

18 23

18 30

18 37

58

34

41

48

55

01

08

15

21

28

35

56

37

43

50

56

02

08

14

21

27

33

54

40

45

51

57

03

08

14

20

25

31

52

42

47

53

58

03

09

14

19

24

29

17 44

17 49

17 54

17 59

18 04

18 09

18 14

18 18

18 23

18 28

49

53

17 57

18 01

05

09

13

17

20

24

N 60

N 50
45
40

53

56

18 00

03

06

09

12

15

18

21

35

17 57

17 59

02

04

07

09

12

14

17

19

30

18 00

18 02

04

06

08

10

12

13

15

17

N 20

18 06

18 07

18 08

18 09

18 10

18 10

18 11

18 12

18 13

18 14

N 10

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

15

15

14

13

12

11

11

10

09

08

S 10

20

19

17

16

14

12

11

09

07

05

20

26

23

21

18

16

13

11

08

05

03

S 30

18 32

18 29

18 25

18 22

18 18

18 14

18 11

18 07

18 04

18 00

35

36

32

28

23

19

15

11

07

03

17 58

40

40

35

30

26

21

16

11

06

02

57

45

45

39

34

28

23

17

11

06

18 00

55

50

50

44

38

31

25

18

12

05

17 59

52

18 53

18 46

18 40

18 33

18 26

18 19

18 12

18 05

17 58

17 51

54

56

49

42

34

27

19

12

05

57

50

56

18 59

52

44

36

28

20

12

04

57

49

58

19 03

55

46

38

29

21

13

04

56

47

S 60

19 07

18 58

18 49

18 40

18 31

18 22

18 13

18 04

17 55

17 46

S 52

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

109

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
April
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

04 55

04 39

04 23

04 06

03 49

03 32

03 14

02 55

02 35

02 14

70

05 02

48

34

19

04 05

03 50

35

03 19

03 03

02 47

68

08

04 56

43

30

17

04 04

03 51

37

24

03 10

66

14

05 02

50

39

27

15

04 04

03 52

40

28

64

18

07

04 57

46

35

25

14

04 04

03 53

43

62

22

12

05 02

52

43

33

23

14

04 05

03 55

05 25

05 16

05 07

04 58

04 49

04 40

04 31

04 22

04 14

04 05

58

28

19

11

05 02

54

46

38

30

22

15

56

30

22

14

07

04 59

51

44

37

29

22

54

32

25

18

11

05 03

04 56

49

43

36

29

52

34

28

21

14

07

05 01

04 54

48

42

36

05 36

05 30

05 24

05 17

05 11

05 05

04 59

04 53

04 47

04 41

45

40

35

29

24

19

13

05 08

05 03

04 58

04 54

40

44

39

34

30

25

21

16

12

05 08

05 04

35

47

43

38

34

30

27

23

19

16

12

30

49

46

42

39

35

32

29

26

23

20

N 20

05 53

05 51

05 48

05 46

05 43

05 41

05 39

05 36

05 34

05 32

N 10

05 57

05 55

54

52

51

49

47

46

45

44

06 01

06 00

05 59

05 58

05 57

05 56

05 56

05 55

05 55

05 54

S 10

04

04

06 04

06 04

06 04

06 04

06 04

06 04

06 04

06 04

20

07

08

09

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

N 60

N 50

S 30

06 11

06 12

06 14

06 16

06 18

06 20

06 22

06 23

06 25

06 27

35

13

15

18

20

22

25

27

29

32

34

40

15

18

21

24

27

30

33

36

39

42

45

18

22

25

29

33

37

40

44

48

06 51

50

21

26

30

35

40

44

49

53

06 58

07 02

06 22

06 28

06 33

06 38

06 43

06 48

06 53

06 58

07 03

07 08

54

24

30

35

41

46

51

06 57

07 02

08

13

56

26

32

38

44

50

06 56

07 02

08

14

20

S 52

58
S 60

28

34

41

47

54

07 00

07

14

20

26

06 30

06 37

06 44

06 51

06 58

07 06

07 13

07 20

07 27

07 34

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

110

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
April
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

19 16

19 30

19 45

20 00

20 16

20 32

20 48

21 06

21 26

21 47

N 72
70

08

21

33

19 46

20 00

20 13

27

20 42

20 57

21 12

68

19 02

13

24

35

19 47

19 59

20 11

23

35

20 48

66

18 56

06

16

26

37

47

19 57

20 08

18

29

64

52

19 01

10

19

28

37

46

19 55

20 05

14

48

18 56

19 04

12

20

29

37

45

19 53

20 02

18 44

18 52

18 59

19 06

19 14

19 21

19 29

19 36

19 44

19 51

58

41

48

55

19 01

08

15

22

28

35

42

56

39

45

51

18 57

19 03

09

16

22

28

34

62
N 60

54

36

42

47

53

18 59

04

10

16

21

27

52

34

39

44

50

55

19 00

05

10

15

20

18 32

18 37

18 42

18 46

18 51

18 56

19 00

19 05

19 10

19 15

45

28

32

36

39

43

47

18 51

18 55

18 58

19 02

40

24

28

31

34

37

40

43

46

49

18 52

35

22

24

26

29

31

33

36

38

41

43

30

19

21

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

N 20

18 14

18 15

18 16

18 17

18 18

18 19

18 20

18 21

18 22

18 23

N 10

10

10

10

10

10

11

11

11

11

11

07

06

05

18 04

18 04

18 03

18 02

18 02

18 01

18 01

S 10

04

18 02

18 00

17 59

17 57

17 56

17 54

17 53

17 52

17 51

20

18 00

17 58

17 55

53

50

48

46

44

42

40

S 30

N 50

17 56

17 53

17 49

17 46

17 43

17 39

17 36

17 33

17 30

17 27

35

54

50

46

42

38

34

31

27

23

20

40

52

47

42

38

33

29

24

20

16

12

45

49

43

38

33

27

22

17

12

17 07

17 03

50

46

39

33

27

20

14

09

17 03

16 57

16 52

17 44

17 37

17 31

17 24

17 17

17 11

17 05

16 58

16 52

16 47

54

43

35

28

21

14

07

17 00

54

47

41

56

41

33

25

18

10

17 03

16 56

48

41

35

S 52

58
S 60

39

30

22

14

06

16 58

50

43

35

28

17 37

17 28

17 19

17 10

17 01

16 53

16 44

16 36

16 28

16 19

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

111

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
May
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

01 50

01 22

00 41

N 72

70

02 29

02 11

01 51

01 29

01 02

00 12

68

02 56

02 42

02 28

02 12

01 57

01 40

01 21

01 00

00 29

66

03 17

03 05

02 53

02 41

02 29

02 17

02 05

01 53

01 41

01 28

64

33

23

03 12

03 02

02 53

02 43

34

02 25

02 16

02 07

46

37

28

20

03 11

03 03

02 55

02 48

02 41

34

N 60

62

03 57

03 49

03 41

03 34

03 26

03 19

03 13

03 06

03 01

02 55

58

04 07

04 00

03 53

46

39

33

27

22

17

03 12

56

16

09

04 02

03 56

03 50

45

40

35

30

26

54

23

17

11

04 06

04 00

03 55

03 50

46

42

39

52

30

24

19

14

09

04 04

04 00

03 56

03 52

49

N 50

04 36

04 31

04 26

04 21

04 17

04 12

04 09

04 05

04 02

03 59

45

04 49

45

41

37

33

30

27

24

21

04 19

40

05 00

04 56

04 53

04 49

46

44

41

39

37

35

35

09

05 06

05 03

05 00

04 58

04 56

04 53

04 52

04 50

04 49

30

17

14

12

10

05 08

05 06

05 04

05 03

05 01

05 00

05 31

05 29

05 27

05 26

05 25

05 23

05 22

05 22

05 21

05 20

N 20
N 10

43

42

41

40

39

39

38

38

38

38

05 54

05 53

05 53

05 53

05 53

05 53

05 53

05 53

05 53

05 54

S 10

06 04

06 05

06 05

06 06

06 06

06 07

06 07

06 08

06 09

06 10

16

17

18

19

20

21

23

24

25

26

20
S 30

06 29

06 31

06 33

06 35

06 37

06 38

06 40

06 42

06 44

06 46

35

37

39

41

44

46

48

06 50

06 53

06 55

06 57

40

45

48

06 51

06 54

06 57

06 59

07 02

07 05

07 07

07 09

45

06 55

06 59

07 02

07 06

07 09

07 12

16

19

22

25

50

07 07

07 11

16

20

24

28

32

36

40

43

S 52

07 12

07 17

07 22

07 27

07 31

07 36

07 40

07 44

07 48

07 52

54

19

24

29

34

39

44

49

07 53

07 58

08 02

56

25

31

37

42

48

07 53

07 58

08 03

08 08

12

58
S 60

33

39

46

07 52

07 58

08 04

08 10

15

20

25

07 41

07 49

07 56

08 03

08 09

08 16

08 22

08 29

08 34

08 40

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

112

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
May
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

22 11

22 41

23 35

N 72

70

21 29

21 47

22 07

22 31

23 01

68

21 01

21 15

21 30

21 45

22 01

22 18

22 37

23 01

23 43

66

20 40

20 52

21 03

21 15

21 27

21 39

21 51

22 04

22 17

22 30

64

24

33

20 43

20 53

21 02

21 12

21 22

21 31

21 40

21 49

62

20 10

18

27

35

20 43

20 51

20 59

21 07

21 15

22

N 60

19 59

20 06

20 13

20 21

20 28

20 35

20 42

20 48

20 55

21 01

58

48

19 55

20 02

20 08

15

21

27

33

38

20 43

56

40

46

19 52

19 58

20 03

20 09

14

20

24

29

54

32

38

43

48

19 53

19 58

20 03

20 08

13

17

52

25

30

35

40

45

49

19 54

19 58

20 02

20 06

N 50

19 19

19 24

19 28

19 33

19 37

19 41

19 45

19 49

19 53

19 56

45

19 06

19 09

13

17

20

24

27

30

33

36

40

18 55

18 58

19 01

19 04

19 07

19 09

12

15

18

20

35

46

48

18 50

18 53

18 55

18 58

19 00

19 02

19 04

19 06

30

37

39

41

43

45

47

18 49

18 51

18 53

18 54

18 24

18 25

18 26

18 27

18 28

18 29

18 31

18 32

18 33

18 34

N 20
N 10

12

12

13

13

14

14

15

16

16

17

18 00

18 00

18 00

18 00

18 00

18 00

18 00

18 00

18 01

18 01

S 10

17 50

17 49

17 48

17 47

17 46

17 46

17 45

17 45

17 45

17 45

38

36

35

33

32

31

30

29

28

28

20
S 30

17 25

17 22

17 20

17 18

17 16

17 14

17 12

17 11

17 10

17 09

35

17

14

11

17 09

17 06

17 04

17 02

17 00

16 59

16 57

40

17 09

17 05

17 02

16 59

16 56

16 53

16 51

16 48

46

45

45

16 58

16 54

16 50

47

43

40

37

34

32

30

50

47

42

37

32

28

24

20

17

14

11

16 41

16 35

16 30

16 25

16 21

16 16

16 12

16 09

16 05

16 02

54

35

29

23

18

13

16 08

16 04

16 00

15 56

15 53

56

28

22

15

10

16 04

15 59

15 54

15 49

45

42

20

13

16 07

16 00

15 54

48

43

38

33

29

16 12

16 04

15 56

15 49

15 43

15 36

15 30

15 24

15 19

15 14

S 52

58
S 60

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

113

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
June
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

70

68

66

01 15

01 02

00 48

00 33

00 08

64

02 00

01 52

01 46

01 40

01 36

01 33

01 31

62

01 31

01 32

01 35

28

02 23

02 19

02 15

02 12

02 10

02 09

02 09

02 10

02 12

N 60

02 50

02 46

02 43

02 40

02 37

02 36

02 36

02 36

02 37

02 39

58

03 08

03 04

03 01

02 59

02 57

02 56

02 56

02 56

02 57

02 59

56

23

20

17

03 15

03 14

03 13

03 13

03 13

03 14

03 16

54

35

33

31

29

28

27

27

27

28

30

52

46

44

42

41

40

39

39

40

41

42

N 50

03 56

03 54

03 53

03 51

03 50

03 50

03 50

03 51

03 51

03 53

45

04 17

04 15

04 14

04 13

04 13

04 12

04 13

04 13

04 14

04 15

40

33

32

31

31

30

30

31

31

32

33

35

47

47

46

46

45

45

46

46

04 47

04 48

30

04 59

04 59

04 58

04 58

04 58

04 58

04 59

04 59

05 00

05 01

N 20

05 20

05 20

05 20

05 20

05 20

05 20

05 21

05 21

05 22

05 23

N 10

38

38

38

38

39

39

40

40

41

42

05 54

05 55

05 55

05 56

05 56

05 57

05 57

05 58

05 59

05 59

S 10

06 10

06 11

06 12

06 13

06 13

06 14

06 15

06 16

06 16

06 17

27

29

30

31

32

33

33

34

35

35

S 30

06 47

06 49

06 50

06 51

06 53

06 54

06 55

06 55

06 56

06 56

35

06 59

07 00

07 02

07 03

07 05

07 06

07 07

07 08

07 08

07 09

40

07 12

14

16

17

19

20

21

22

22

23

45

27

30

32

34

35

37

38

07 39

07 39

07 39

20

46

49

07 52

07 54

07 56

07 58

07 59

08 00

08 00

08 00

S 52

50

07 55

07 58

08 01

08 04

08 06

08 07

08 09

08 10

08 10

08 10

54

08 05

08 09

12

14

17

18

20

21

21

21

56

17

20

24

27

29

31

32

33

34

33

58
S 60

30

34

38

41

08 44

08 46

08 47

08 48

08 48

08 48

08 45

08 50

08 54

08 58

09 01

09 03

09 05

09 06

09 06

09 05

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

114

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
June
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

N 72

70

68

66

22 44

22 58

23 14

23 32

64

21 58

22 06

22 13

22 20

22 25

22 29

22 31

22 32

22 32

22 30

28

21 34

21 40

21 45

21 48

21 51

21 53

21 54

21 54

21 53

N 60

21 06

21 11

21 16

21 20

21 23

21 25

21 27

21 28

21 28

21 27

58

20 48

20 53

20 57

21 00

21 03

21 05

21 06

21 07

21 07

21 07

56

33

37

41

20 44

20 46

20 48

20 50

20 50

20 51

20 50

54

21

24

27

30

32

34

35

36

36

36

52

09

13

15

18

20

22

23

24

24

24

N 50

20 00

20 02

20 05

20 07

20 09

20 11

20 12

20 13

20 13

20 13

45

19 39

19 41

19 43

19 45

19 47

19 49

19 50

19 50

19 51

19 51

62

40

22

24

26

28

29

30

31

32

33

33

35

19 08

19 10

19 12

13

14

16

16

17

18

18

30

18 56

18 58

18 59

19 00

19 01

19 03

19 03

19 04

19 05

19 05

N 20

18 35

18 37

18 38

18 39

18 40

18 41

18 41

18 42

18 43

18 43

N 10

18

19

19

20

21

22

22

23

24

24

18 01

18 02

18 02

18 03

18 03

18 04

18 05

18 05

18 06

18 07

S 10

17 45

17 45

17 46

17 46

17 46

17 47

17 47

17 48

17 49

17 49

28

28

28

28

28

28

29

30

30

31

S 30

17 08

17 07

17 07

17 07

17 07

17 07

17 08

17 08

17 09

17 10

35

16 56

16 56

16 55

16 55

16 55

16 55

16 55

16 56

16 57

16 58

40

43

42

41

41

41

41

41

42

42

43

45

28

27

25

25

24

24

24

25

26

27

20

09

16 07

16 05

16 04

16 04

16 03

16 03

16 04

16 05

16 06

S 52

50

16 00

15 58

15 56

15 55

15 54

15 53

15 53

15 54

15 55

15 56

54

15 50

47

45

44

43

42

42

43

44

45

56

38

36

33

32

30

30

30

30

31

33

58
S 60

25

22

19

17

15 16

15 15

15 15

15 15

15 17

18

15 10

15 06

15 03

15 00

14 59

14 58

14 57

14 58

14 59

15 01

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

115

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
July
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

31

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

70

01 09

68

00 35

01 08

01 30

01 49

02 06

66

00 03

00 37

00 53

01 09

01 23

01 36

01 49

02 02

02 14

02 27

02 38

64

01 04

01 45

01 52

01 59

02 07

02 16

02 25

34

02 43

02 53

03 02

62

02 16

02 20

02 25

02 30

36

02 43

02 50

02 57

03 05

03 13

21

N 60

02 41

02 45

02 49

02 53

02 58

03 04

03 10

03 16

03 23

03 29

03 36

58

03 01

03 04

03 08

03 11

03 16

21

26

31

37

43

03 49

56

18

20

23

27

31

35

40

44

03 50

03 55

04 00

54

32

34

37

40

43

47

03 51

03 56

04 00

04 05

10

52

44

46

48

03 51

03 55

03 58

04 02

04 06

10

14

19

N 50

03 54

03 56

03 59

04 01

04 04

04 08

04 11

04 15

04 19

04 23

04 27

45

04 17

04 18

04 20

22

25

28

30

33

37

40

43

40

34

36

38

39

42

44

46

04 49

04 51

04 54

04 56

35

04 49

04 50

04 52

04 54

04 55

04 57

04 59

05 01

05 03

05 06

05 08

30

05 02

05 03

05 05

05 06

05 07

05 09

05 11

12

14

16

18

N 20

05 24

05 25

05 26

05 27

05 28

05 29

05 30

05 31

05 32

05 34

05 35

N 10

05 43

05 43

05 44

05 45

05 46

05 46

05 47

05 48

05 48

05 49

05 49

06 00

06 01

06 01

06 02

06 02

06 02

06 02

06 03

06 03

06 03

06 03

S 10

17

18

18

18

18

18

18

18

17

17

16

20

35

36

36

36

35

35

34

34

33

32

31

S 30

06 56

06 56

05 56

06 56

06 55

06 54

06 53

06 52

06 50

06 48

06 47

35

07 09

07 08

07 08

07 07

07 06

07 05

07 04

07 02

07 00

06 58

06 56

40

23

22

22

21

19

18

16

14

12

07 09

07 06

45

07 39

39

38

36

35

33

31

28

25

22

19

50

08 00

07 59

07 58

07 56

07 54

07 51

49

45

42

38

34

S 52

08 09

08 08

08 07

08 05

08 03

08 00

07 57

07 54

07 50

07 46

07 41

54

20

19

18

15

13

10

08 06

08 02

07 58

07 54

49

56

33

31

29

27

24

21

17

13

08 08

08 03

07 58

58

08 47

08 45

08 43

40

37

33

29

24

19

13

08 07

S 60

09 04

09 02

09 00

08 56

08 52

08 48

08 43

08 38

08 32

08 25

08 19

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

116

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
July
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

31

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

70

23 34

22 55

68

23 25

22 58

22 37

22 19

22 03

66

23 46

23 26

23 11

22 57

22 44

22 32

22 20

22 07

21 55

21 43

21 31

64

22 26

22 21

22 16

22 09

22 02

21 54

21 45

21 36

27

21 18

21 08

62

21 51

21 47

21 43

21 39

21 33

27

20

21 13

21 06

20 58

20 50

N 60

21 25

21 23

21 20

21 16

21 12

21 07

21 01

20 55

20 49

20 42

20 35

58

21 06

21 04

21 01

20 58

20 54

20 50

20 45

40

34

28

22

56

20 49

20 48

20 46

43

40

36

32

27

22

17

11

54

35

34

32

30

27

24

20

16

11

20 06

20 01

52

23

22

21

18

16

13

10

20 06

20 02

19 58

19 53

N 50

20 13

20 12

20 10

20 08

20 06

20 04

20 01

19 57

19 54

19 50

19 45

45

19 50

19 50

19 49

19 47

19 46

19 44

19 41

39

36

32

29

40

33

32

32

31

29

28

26

24

21

19

16

35

18

18

17

16

15

14

13

11

19 09

19 07

19 04

30

19 05

19 05

19 05

19 04

19 03

19 02

19 01

19 00

18 58

18 57

18 55

N 20

18 43

18 43

18 44

18 43

18 43

18 43

18 42

18 41

18 40

18 39

18 38

N 10

25

25

25

26

26

26

25

25

25

24

23

18 07

18 08

18 08

18 09

18 09

18 10

18 10

18 10

18 10

18 10

18 10

S 10

17 50

17 51

17 52

17 52

17 53

17 54

17 54

17 55

17 56

17 56

17 56

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

20
S 30

17 11

17 12

17 13

17 15

17 16

17 18

17 20

17 21

17 23

17 25

17 27

35

16 59

17 00

17 02

17 03

17 05

17 07

17 09

17 11

13

15

17

40

45

16 46

16 48

16 50

16 52

16 54

16 56

16 59

17 01

17 04

17 07

45

28

30

32

34

37

39

42

45

16 48

16 51

16 54

50

16 08

10

12

15

18

21

24

28

31

35

39

S 52

15 58

16 00

16 03

16 06

16 09

16 12

16 16

16 20

16 24

16 28

16 32

54

47

15 50

15 52

15 55

15 59

16 02

16 06

11

15

20

24

56

35

37

40

44

47

15 51

15 56

16 01

16 05

11

16

58
S 60

20

23

27

30

34

39

44

15 49

15 55

16 00

16 06

15 03

15 06

15 10

15 14

15 19

15 24

15 30

15 36

15 42

15 48

15 55

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

117

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
August
LAT

12

15

18

21

24

27

30

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

00 43

01 27

01 56

02 19

02 39

02 58

03 15

03 32

03 47

70

01 37

01 59

02 18

02 36

02 52

03 08

03 22

36

03 50

04 03

68

02 21

02 36

02 50

03 03

03 16

29

41

03 53

04 04

16

66

02 50

03 02

03 13

24

35

45

03 56

04 06

16

26

64

03 12

21

31

40

03 49

03 59

04 08

17

26

35

29

37

45

03 54

04 02

04 10

18

26

34

42

N 60

62

03 43

03 50

03 58

04 05

04 12

04 19

04 27

04 34

04 41

04 48

58

03 56

04 02

04 08

15

21

28

34

41

47

54

56

04 06

12

17

23

29

35

41

47

53

04 59

54

15

20

26

31

36

42

47

52

04 58

05 03

52

23

28

33

38

43

48

52

04 57

05 02

07

04 31

04 35

04 39

04 44

04 48

04 53

04 57

05 02

05 06

05 11

45

46

04 50

04 53

04 57

05 01

05 04

05 08

11

15

18

40

04 59

05 02

05 05

05 08

11

14

16

19

22

25

35

05 10

12

15

17

19

22

24

26

28

30

30

20

21

23

25

27

29

30

32

34

35

05 36

05 37

05 38

05 39

05 40

05 40

05 41

05 42

05 43

05 44

N 50

N 20
N 10

05 50

05 50

05 50

05 51

05 51

05 51

05 51

51

51

51

06 03

06 02

06 02

06 02

06 01

06 01

06 00

05 59

05 58

05 58

S 10

15

15

14

12

11

10

09

06 07

06 06

06 04

20

29

28

26

24

22

20

18

16

13

11

S 30

06 44

06 42

06 40

06 37

06 34

06 31

06 28

06 25

06 22

06 19

35

06 53

06 51

48

45

41

38

34

31

27

23

40

07 03

07 00

06 57

06 53

49

45

41

37

32

28

45

15

11

07 07

07 03

06 58

06 54

49

44

39

33

50

30

25

20

15

07 09

07 04

06 58

52

46

40

07 36

07 31

07 26

07 20

07 15

07 09

07 03

06 56

06 50

06 43

54

44

38

32

26

20

14

07

07 01

54

47

56

07 52

46

40

33

26

20

13

05

06 58

50

58

08 01

07 55

48

41

33

26

18

11

07 03

55

S 60

08 12

08 05

07 57

07 49

07 41

07 33

07 25

07 17

07 08

06 59

S 52

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

118

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
August
LAT

12

15

18

21

24

27

30

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

N 72

23 12

22 35

22 08

21 45

21 24

21 04

20 46

20 28

20 11

70

22 29

22 07

21 48

21 30

21 13

20 57

20 41

25

20 10

19 56

68

21 47

21 32

21 18

21 04

20 50

36

23

20 10

19 56

44

66

21 19

21 08

20 56

20 44

32

20

20 09

19 57

45

34

64

20 58

20 48

38

28

18

20 07

19 57

46

36

25

41

33

24

15

20 06

19 56

47

37

28

18

20 27

20 20

20 12

20 04

19 55

19 47

19 38

19 29

19 21

19 12

58

15

20 08

20 01

19 54

46

39

31

23

15

06

56

20 05

19 59

19 52

46

39

31

24

17

09

19 02

54

19 56

50

44

38

32

25

18

11

04

18 57

52

48

43

37

31

25

19

13

07

19 00

53

19 41

19 36

19 31

19 25

19 20

19 14

19 08

19 02

18 56

18 50

25

21

17

12

19 08

19 03

18 58

18 53

48

42

40

12

19 09

19 06

19 02

18 58

18 54

50

45

41

36

35

19 02

18 59

18 56

18 53

49

46

42

38

34

31

30

18 52

50

47

45

42

39

36

33

29

26

N 20

18 36

18 35

18 33

18 31

18 29

18 27

18 25

18 23

18 20

18 18

62
N 60

N 50
45

N 10

22

22

21

19

18

17

15

14

12

11

18 10

18 09

18 09

18 08

18 08

18 07

18 07

18 06

18 05

18 04

S 10

17 57

17 57

17 58

17 58

17 58

17 58

17 58

17 58

17 58

17 58

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

50

51

20
S 30

17 28

17 30

17 32

17 34

17 35

17 37

17 39

17 40

17 42

17 43

35

19

22

24

26

28

30

33

35

37

39

40

17 09

12

15

18

20

23

26

29

32

34

45

16 58

17 01

17 05

17 08

11

15

18

22

25

29

50

43

16 48

16 52

16 56

17 00

05

09

13

18

22

16 37

16 41

16 46

16 50

16 55

17 00

17 05

17 09

17 14

17 19

54

29

34

39

45

50

16 55

17 00

05

11

16

56

21

27

32

38

43

49

16 55

17 01

06

12

S 52

58
S 60

12

18

24

30

37

43

49

16 55

17 02

08

16 01

16 08

16 15

16 22

16 29

16 36

16 42

16 49

16 56

17 03

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

119

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
September
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

04 03

04 17

04 31

04 45

04 59

05 13

05 26

05 40

05 53

06 06

70

16

29

41

04 53

05 05

17

29

41

53

05

68

27

38

49

05 00

10

21

31

42

53

03

66

36

46

04 55

05

14

24

33

43

52

02

64

43

52

05 01

09

18

27

35

44

52

01

N 72

50

04 58

06

13

21

29

37

44

52

06 00

N 60

62

04 55

05 02

05 09

05 17

05 24

05 31

05 38

05 45

05 52

05 59

58

05 00

07

13

20

26

32

39

45

52

58

56

05

10

16

22

28

34

40

46

51

57

54

08

14

19

25

30

35

41

46

51

57

52

12

17

22

27

31

36

41

46

51

56

05 15

05 20

05 24

05 29

05 33

05 37

05 42

05 46

05 51

05 56

45

22

26

29

33

36

40

44

47

51

55

40

28

31

33

36

39

42

45

48

50

53

35

33

35

37

39

41

44

46

48

50

52

30

37

39

40

42

43

45

47

48

50

52

05 44

05 45

05 46

05 46

05 47

05 48

05 48

05 49

05 49

05 50

N 50

N 20
N 10

51

51

50

50

50

50

49

49

49

49

05 57

05 56

55

55

53

52

51

49

48

47

S 10

06 02

06 01

05 59

05 57

55

53

51

49

48

46

08

06

06 03

06 00

05 58

55

52

49

47

44

20
S 30

06 15

06 12

06 08

06 04

06 01

05 57

05 53

05 49

05 46

05 42

35

19

15

11

06

02

58

53

49

45

41

40

23

18

14

09

04

05 59

54

49

44

39

45

28

23

17

11

06

06 00

55

49

43

37

50

34

28

21

15

08

02

55

48

42

35

06 37

06 30

06 23

06 16

06 09

06 02

05 55

05 48

05 41

05 34

54

40

32

25

18

10

03

56

48

41

33

56

43

35

27

20

12

04

56

48

40

32

S 52

58
S 60

46

38

30

22

13

05

56

48

39

31

06 50

06 42

06 33

06 24

06 15

06 06

05 57

05 47

05 38

05 29

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

120

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
September
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

19 54

19 38

19 22

19 06

18 50

18 34

18 19

18 03

17 48

17 33

70

41

27

12

18 58

44

30

16

02

49

35

68

31

18

19 05

52

39

27

14

02

49

36

66

22

10

18 59

47

35

24

12

01

49

38

64

15

19 04

54

43

32

22

11

00

50

39

N 72

09

18 59

49

39

29

19

10

18 00

50

40

N 60

19 03

18 54

18 45

18 36

18 27

18 17

18 08

17 59

17 50

17 41

58

18 58

50

41

33

24

16

07

59

50

42

56

54

46

38

30

22

14

06

58

51

43

54

50

43

35

28

21

13

06

58

51

43

52

47

40

33

26

19

12

05

58

51

44

18 44

18 37

18 31

18 24

18 18

18 11

18 04

17 58

17 51

17 45

45

37

31

26

20

14

09

03

57

52

46

40

31

26

22

17

12

07

02

57

52

47

35

26

22

18

14

10

05

01

57

52

48

30

22

19

15

11

08

04

18 00

56

53

49

18 15

18 13

18 10

18 07

18 04

18 02

17 59

17 56

17 53

17 51

62

N 50

N 20
N 10

09

07

05

03

18 02

18 00

58

56

54

52

18 03

18 02

18 01

18 00

17 59

17 58

57

56

55

54

S 10

17 58

17 57

17 57

17 57

57

56

56

56

56

56

52

52

53

54

54

55

55

56

57

17 57

20
S 30

17 45

17 47

17 48

17 50

17 51

17 53

17 55

17 56

17 58

18 00

35

41

44

46

48

50

52

54

57

17 59

01

40

37

40

43

46

48

51

54

57

18 00

03

45

32

36

39

43

46

50

54

57

01

05

50

27

31

35

40

44

49

53

58

02

07

17 24

17 29

17 34

17 38

17 43

17 48

17 53

17 58

18 03

18 08

54

21

26

32

37

42

47

53

58

04

09

56

18

24

29

35

41

47

53

58

04

10

S 52

58
S 60

14

21

27

33

40

46

52

59

05

12

17 10

17 17

17 24

17 31

17 38

17 45

17 52

17 59

18 06

18 13

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

121

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
October
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

06 20

06 34

06 47

07 02

07 16

07 30

07 46

08 01

08 17

08 34

N 72
70

17

29

41

06 53

07 06

18

31

07 45

07 58

08 13

68

14

25

35

46

06 57

09

20

32

43

07 55

66

12

21

31

41

50

07 00

11

21

31

42

64

09

18

27

36

45

06 54

07 03

12

21

31

62

08

16

24

31

39

48

06 56

07 04

13

21

06 06

06 13

06 20

06 28

06 35

06 42

06 50

06 57

07 05

07 13

58

05

11

18

24

31

38

45

52

06 58

07 05

56

03

09

15

21

28

34

40

46

53

06 59

54

02

08

13

19

24

30

36

42

47

53

52

01

06

11

17

22

27

32

37

43

48

N 50

06 00

06 05

06 10

06 14

06 19

06 24

06 29

06 34

06 38

06 43

45

05 58

06 02

06

09

13

17

21

25

29

33

N 60

40

56

05 59

06 02

05

09

12

15

18

21

25

35

55

57

05 59

06 02

04

07

09

12

15

18

30

53

55

57

05 59

06 01

06 03

06 05

06 07

06 09

11

N 20

05 51

05 52

05 52

05 53

05 54

05 55

05 56

05 57

05 59

06 00

N 10

49

48

48

48

48

48

49

49

49

05 50

46

45

44

44

43

42

42

41

41

40

S 10

44

42

40

39

37

36

34

33

32

31

20

41

39

36

34

31

29

27

24

22

21

S 30

05 38

05 35

05 31

05 27

05 24

05 21

05 17

05 14

05 11

05 09

35

36

32

28

24

20

16

12

08

05 05

05 02

40

34

29

25

20

15

11

05 06

05 02

04 58

04 54

45

32

26

20

15

10

05 04

04 59

04 54

49

45

50

29

22

16

09

03

04 57

51

45

39

33

05 27

05 20

05 13

05 07

05 00

04 53

04 47

04 40

04 34

04 28

54

26

18

11

04

04 57

49

42

36

29

22

56

24

16

08

05 00

53

45

38

30

23

16

S 52

58
S 60

22

14

05

04 57

49

40

32

24

16

09

05 20

05 11

05 02

04 53

04 44

04 35

04 26

04 17

04 09

04 00

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

122

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
October
LAT

11

14

17

20

23

26

29

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

17 17

17 02

16 46

16 31

16 15

15 59

15 43

15 26

15 09

14 52

N 72
70

21

07

53

39

25

16 11

15 57

43

29

15 14

68

24

11

16 59

46

34

21

16 09

15 56

44

31

66

26

15

17 03

52

41

30

18

16 07

15 56

45

64

29

18

08

16 57

47

36

26

16

16 06

15 56

30

21

11

17 02

52

42

33

24

15

16 06

17 32

17 23

17 14

17 05

16 56

16 48

16 39

16 31

16 22

16 14

58

34

25

17

09

17 00

52

44

36

29

21

56

35

27

19

11

04

16 56

49

42

35

28

54

36

29

21

14

07

17 00

53

46

40

34

52

37

30

23

17

10

03

16 57

51

45

39

17 38

17 32

17 25

17 19

17 12

17 06

17 00

16 55

16 49

16 44

40

35

29

24

18

13

08

17 03

16 58

16 54

62
N 60

N 50
45
40

42

37

33

28

23

19

14

10

17 06

17 02

35

44

40

35

31

27

24

20

16

13

10

30

45

42

38

35

31

28

25

22

19

16

17 48

17 45

17 43

17 40

17 38

17 36

17 34

17 31

17 30

17 28

N 20
N 10

50

49

47

45

44

42

41

40

39

38

53

52

51

50

50

49

48

48

47

47

S 10

55

55

17 55

17 55

17 55

17 55

17 56

17 56

17 57

17 57

20

17 58

17 59

18 00

18 01

18 02

18 03

18 04

18 05

18 06

18 07

S 30

18 01

18 03

18 05

18 07

18 09

18 11

18 13

18 15

18 17

18 19

35

04

06

08

11

13

16

18

21

24

27

40

06

09

12

15

18

21

24

28

31

35

45

08

12

16

20

24

28

32

36

40

44

50

12

16

21

26

30

35

40

45

50

18 55

18 13

18 18

18 23

18 28

18 34

18 39

18 44

18 50

18 55

19 01

54

15

20

26

31

37

43

49

18 55

19 01

07

56

16

22

29

35

41

47

54

19 00

07

13

S 52

58
S 60

18

25

32

38

45

52

18 59

06

13

21

18 21

18 28

18 35

18 43

18 50

18 58

19 05

19 13

19 21

19 29

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

123

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
November
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

hm

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

08 52

09 12

09 32

09 56

10 25

11 08

70

27

08 42

08 58

09 15

09 32

09 51

10 13

10 38

11 15

68

08 08

20

33

08 47

09 00

09 14

09 29

09 43

09 59

10 15

66

07 53

08 03

08 14

26

08 37

08 48

09 00

09 11

09 22

09 33

64

40

07 50

07 59

08 09

19

28

08 38

08 47

08 56

09 05

N 72

62

29

38

46

07 55

08 04

08 12

20

29

37

08 44

07 20

07 28

07 36

07 43

07 51

07 59

08 06

08 13

08 20

08 27

58

12

19

26

33

40

47

07 54

08 00

08 07

13

56

07 05

12

18

25

31

37

43

07 49

07 55

08 00

54

06 59

07 05

11

17

22

28

34

39

44

07 50

52

54

06 59

07 04

10

15

20

26

31

35

40

06 48

06 53

06 58

07 03

07 08

07 13

07 18

07 23

07 27

07 32

37

42

46

06 50

06 54

06 58

07 02

07 06

07 10

07 14

N 60

N 50
45
40

28

32

35

38

42

45

06 49

06 52

06 56

06 59

35

20

23

26

29

32

35

38

40

43

46

30

13

16

18

20

23

25

28

30

33

35

N 20

06 01

06 03

06 04

06 06

06 07

06 09

06 11

06 13

06 14

06 16

N 10

05 50

05 51

05 52

05 53

05 54

05 55

05 56

05 57

05 58

06 00

40

40

40

40

41

41

42

42

43

05 44

S 10

30

29

29

28

28

28

28

28

28

28

20

19

17

16

05 15

05 14

05 13

05 12

05 12

05 11

05 11

S 30

05 06

05 04

05 01

04 59

04 57

04 56

04 54

04 53

04 52

04 52

35

04 58

04 56

04 53

50

48

46

44

42

41

40

40

50

46

43

40

37

34

32

30

28

27

45

40

36

32

28

24

21

18

04 15

04 13

04 11

50

28

23

18

13

09

04 04

04 01

03 57

03 54

03 52

04 22

04 17

04 11

04 06

04 01

03 57

03 52

03 49

03 45

03 42

54

16

10

04 04

03 58

03 53

48

43

39

35

32

56

09

04 02

03 56

50

44

38

33

28

24

20

58

04 01

03 54

47

40

33

27

21

16

03 10

03 06

S 60

03 52

03 44

03 36

03 28

03 21

03 14

03 07

03 01

02 55

02 49

S 52

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

124

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
November
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

hm

N 72

14 33

14 14

13 54

13 30

13 02

12 20

70

14 59

14 44

14 28

14 12

13 55

13 37

13 17

12 53

12 18

68

15 18

15 06

14 53

14 40

14 27

14 14

14 01

13 48

13 34

13 20

66

34

23

15 12

15 01

14 51

14 40

30

14 20

14 11

14 01

64

46

37

27

18

15 09

15 00

14 52

14 44

36

29

62

15 57

48

40

32

24

16

15 09

15 03

14 56

14 51

N 60

16 06

15 59

15 51

15 44

15 37

15 30

15 24

15 18

15 13

15 08

58

14

16 07

16 00

15 54

48

42

36

31

26

22

56

21

15

08

16 02

15 57

15 52

47

42

38

35

54

27

21

16

10

16 05

16 01

15 56

15 52

49

46

52

33

28

22

17

13

08

16 05

16 01

15 58

15 55

16 38

16 33

16 28

16 24

16 20

16 16

16 12

16 09

16 06

16 04

49

45

41

38

34

31

28

26

24

22

N 50
45
40

16 59

16 55

16 52

49

46

44

41

40

38

37

35

17 07

17 04

17 01

16 59

16 57

16 55

16 53

16 51

16 50

16 49

30

14

11

09

17 07

17 06

17 04

17 03

17 02

17 01

17 00

N 20

17 26

17 25

17 23

17 22

17 21

17 20

17 20

17 19

17 19

17 19

N 10

37

36

36

35

35

35

35

35

35

36

47

47

47

17 47

17 48

17 48

17 49

17 50

17 51

17 51

S 10

17 58

17 58

17 59

18 00

18 01

18 02

18 03

18 05

18 06

18 07

20

18 09

18 10

18 12

13

15

17

19

21

22

24

S 30

18 22

18 24

18 26

18 29

18 31

18 34

18 36

18 39

18 42

18 44

35

29

32

35

38

41

44

47

18 50

18 53

18 56

40

38

41

45

18 48

18 52

18 56

18 59

19 02

19 06

19 09

45

18 48

18 52

18 57

19 01

19 05

19 09

19 13

17

21

25

50

19 01

19 06

19 11

16

21

26

31

36

40

45

S 52

19 06

19 12

19 17

19 23

19 29

19 34

19 39

19 44

19 50

19 54

54

13

19

25

31

37

43

48

19 54

20 00

20 05

56

20

26

33

40

46

19 53

19 59

20 05

11

17

58
S 60

28

35

42

19 50

19 57

20 04

20 11

18

25

31

19 37

19 45

19 53

20 01

20 09

20 17

20 25

20 33

20 41

20 48

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

125

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNRISE
December
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

31

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

70

68

10 32

10 50

11 12

66

09 44

09 55

10 04

10 13

10 21

10 28

10 32

10 35

10 35

10 34

10 30

64

09 14

09 22

09 29

09 36

09 42

09 46

09 50

09 52

09 53

09 53

09 51

62

08 51

08 58

09 04

09 10

09 15

09 19

21

24

25

25

24

N 60

08 33

08 39

08 45

08 50

08 54

08 57

09 00

09 02

09 03

09 03

09 03

58

18

24

29

33

37

40

08 43

08 45

08 46

08 46

08 46

56

08 06

08 11

15

19

22

25

28

30

31

32

32

54

07 54

07 59

08 03

08 07

08 10

13

15

17

18

19

19

52

44

49

07 52

07 56

07 59

08 02

08 04

08 06

08 07

08 08

08 08

07 36

07 40

07 43

07 46

07 49

07 52

07 54

07 56

07 57

07 58

07 58

45

17

21

24

27

29

32

34

35

36

37

38

40

07 02

07 05

07 08

07 10

07 12

15

17

18

20

21

22

35

06 49

06 51

06 54

06 56

06 59

07 01

07 03

07 04

07 06

07 07

07 08

30

38

40

42

45

47

06 48

06 50

06 52

06 53

06 54

06 55

N 20

06 18

06 20

06 22

06 24

06 26

06 27

06 29

06 31

06 32

06 33

06 35

N 10

06 01

06 03

06 04

06 06

06 07

06 09

06 10

06 12

06 13

06 15

06 16

05 45

05 46

05 47

05 49

05 50

05 52

05 53

05 55

05 56

05 58

05 59

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

37

38

40

42

20

05 12

05 12

05 12

05 13

05 14

05 15

05 17

05 18

05 20

05 21

23

S 30

N 50

S 10

04 51

04 51

04 51

04 52

04 52

04 53

04 54

04 56

04 57

04 59

05 01

35

40

39

39

39

40

40

42

43

44

46

04 48

40

26

25

25

25

25

25

26

28

29

31

33

45

04 09

04 08

04 07

04 07

04 07

04 07

04 08

04 10

04 11

04 13

04 16

50

03 49

03 48

03 46

03 45

03 45

03 45

03 46

03 47

03 49

03 51

03 54

S 52

03 40

03 38

03 36

03 35

03 34

03 34

03 35

03 36

03 38

03 40

03 43

54

29

26

24

23

22

22

23

24

26

28

31

56

16

03 13

03 11

03 10

03 09

03 08

03 09

03 10

03 11

03 14

17

58

03 02

02 58

02 56

02 54

02 52

02 52

02 52

02 53

02 55

02 57

03 00

S 60

02 45

02 40

02 37

02 34

02 32

02 31

02 31

02 32

02 34

02 37

02 40

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

126

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Sun remains continuously above the horizon

Sun remains continuously below the horizon

SUNSET
December
LAT

10

13

16

19

22

25

28

31

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

h m

N 72

70

68

13 05

12 49

12 29

66

13 53

13 45

13 37

13 31

13 26

13 23

13 21

13 21

13 24

13 29

13 35

64

14 23

14 17

14 12

14 08

14 06

14 04

14 03

14 04

14 06

14 10

14 14

62

14 46

14 41

38

35

33

32

32

33

35

38

14 42

N 60

15 04

15 00

14 57

14 55

14 54

14 53

14 53

14 54

14 56

14 59

15 03

58

19

16

15 14

15 12

15 11

15 10

15 11

15 12

15 14

15 17

20

56

32

29

27

26

25

25

26

27

29

31

34

54

43

41

39

38

38

38

38

40

41

44

47

52

15 53

15 51

50

49

49

49

49

15 51

15 52

15 55

15 57

N 50

16 02

16 00

15 59

15 58

15 58

15 58

15 59

16 01

16 02

16 04

16 07

21

20

16 19

16 19

16 19

16 19

16 20

21

23

25

27

45
40

36

35

35

35

35

36

37

38

40

42

44

35

16 49

16 48

16 48

16 48

16 49

16 50

16 51

16 52

16 54

16 56

16 58

30

17 00

17 00

17 00

17 01

17 01

17 02

17 03

17 05

17 07

17 08

17 10

N 20

17 19

17 20

17 20

17 21

17 22

17 23

17 25

17 26

17 28

17 29

17 31

N 10

37

37

38

39

40

42

17 43

17 45

17 46

17 48

17 49

17 53

17 54

17 55

17 56

17 58

17 59

18 01

18 02

18 04

18 05

18 07

S 10

18 09

18 10

18 12

18 13

18 15

18 17

18

20

21

23

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

37

18 39

18 40

18 41

18 43

20
S 30

18 47

18 49

18 51

18 53

18 55

18 57

18 59

19 01

19 02

19 03

19 04

35

18 59

19 01

19 04

19 06

19 08

19 10

19 12

14

15

16

17

40

19 12

15

18

21

23

25

27

29

30

31

32

45

29

32

35

19 38

19 41

19 43

19 45

19 47

19 48

19 49

19 50

49

19 53

19 57

20 00

20 03

20 06

20 08

20 10

20 11

20 11

20 12

S 52

50

19 59

20 03

20 07

20 11

20 14

20 17

20 19

20 20

20 22

20 22

20 22

54

20 10

15

19

23

26

29

31

33

34

34

34

56

22

28

32

36

40

20 43

20 45

20 47

20 48

20 48

20 48

37

20 43

20 48

20 52

20 56

21 00

21 02

21 04

21 05

21 05

21 05

20 55

21 01

21 07

21 12

21 16

21 20

21 23

21 24

21 25

21 25

21 24

58
S 60

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

127

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Selected cities with local to UTC conversion
factors.
Country

City

Latitude

Country

Conversion
to UTC

City

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

N48

- 1:06

Baku

N40

- 3:20

Lajes

N39

+ 1:48

Santa Maria

N37

+ 1:41

N25

+ 5:10

N26

- 3:22

N24

- 6:02

N13

+ 3:58

N54

- 1:52

Brussels

N51

- 0:18

Cotonou

N06

- 0:10

Paro

N27

- 5:58

La Paz

S17

+ 4:33

N44

- 1:13

Caborone

S25

- 1:44

Vienna
AZERBAIJAN

AFGHANISTAN
Kabul

N34

- 4:37

Kandahar

N32

- 4:23

AZORES

ALASKA
Anchorage

N61

+ 10:01

Fairbanks

N65

+ 9:52

BAHAMAS

- 1:19

BAHRAIN

Nassau

ALBANIA
Tirana

N41

Bahrain

ALGERIA
Algiers

N37

- 0:13

Tamanrasset

N23

- 0:22

S09

BELARUS
S35

Minsk

+ 3:54

Mendoza

S33

+ 4:35

Rio Gallegos

S52

+ 4:37

BELGIUM

BENIN

ARMENIA
Yerevan

Barbados

- 0:53

ARGENTINA
Buenos Aires

Dhaka
BARBADOS

ANGOLA
Luanda

BANGLADESH

N40

- 2:58
BHUTAN

ARUBA
Aruba

N13

+ 4:40
BOLIVIA

ASCENSION I.
Ascension I.

S08

+ 0:57

BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide

S35

- 9:14

Alice Springs

S24

- 8:55

Brisbane

S27

- 10:13

Sarajevo
BOTSWANA

BRAZIL

Darwin

S12

- 8:44

Melbourne

S38

- 9:40

Brasilia

S16

+ 3:12

Perth

S32

- 7:44

Recife

S08

+ 2:20

AUSTRIA
Graz

N47

- 1:02

Innsbruck

N47

- 0:45

Linz

N48

- 0:57

Rio de Janeiro

S23

+ 2:54

Sao Paulo

S23

+ 3:06

BRUNEI
Bandar Seri
JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

128

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


City

Country

Begawan

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

N05

- 7:40

N43

- 1:33

BURUNDI
Bujumbura

S03

- 1:58

N04

- 0:39

Garoua

N09

- 0:53

Yaounde

N04

- 0:46

N49

+ 3:38

Halifax

N45

+ 4:14

Montreal

N46

+ 4:56

St. Johns

N48

+ 3:31

Toronto

N44

+ 5:18

Vancouver

N49

+ 8:12

Winnipeg

N50

+ 6:29

Gran Canaria

N28

+ 1:02

Tenerife

N28

+ 1:06

Rionegro

N06

+ 5:02

Santafe de Bogota

N05

+ 4:57

Moroni

S12

- 2:53

Brazzaville

S04

- 1:01

Dubrovnik

N43

- 1:13

Zagreb

N46

- 1:04

Santiago Cuba

N20

+ 5:03

Larnaca

N35

- 2:14

N50

- 0:57

N27

+ 0:53

Aalborg

N57

- 0:40

Billund

N56

- 0:37

Copenhagen

N55

- 0:50

Karup

N56

- 0:37

N12

- 2:53

CROATIA

CUBA

CYPRUS

CZECH REPUBLIC
Prague

Laayoune
DENMARK

CAPE VERDE
N17

+ 1:32

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC


Bangui

+ 4:59

DAKHLA/LAAYOUNE

CANARY IS.

Sal

N11

CONGO

CANADA
Gander

Barranquilla

COMOROS

CAMEROON
Douala

Conversion
to UTC

COLOMBIA

BULGARIA
Sotia

Latitude

City

Country

N04

- 1:14

DJIBOUTI

CHAD
NDjamena

N12

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

CHAGOS ARCHIPELAGO
Diego Garcia

Djibouti

- 1:00

S07

- 4:50

CHILE
Antofagasta

S23

+ 4:42

Santiago

S33

+ 4:43

Punta Cana

N19

+ 4:33

Santo Domingo

N18

+ 4:39

Latacunga

S01

+ 5:14

Quito

S00

+ 5:14

N30

- 2:04

ECUADOR

CHINA (P.R. of)


EGYPT

Beijing

N40

- 7:46

Kunming

N25

- 6:48

Cairo

Urumqui

N44

- 5:50

EQUATORIAL GUINEA
JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

129

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Country

City

Malabo

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

N04

- 0:35

Country

ERITREA
Asmara

N15

- 2:36

N59

- 1:39

ESTONIA
Tallinn

N09

Conversion
to UTC

Berlin

N52

- 0:54

Bremen

N53

- 0:35

Cologne-Bonn

N51

- 0:28

Dusseldorf

N51

- 0:27

Frankfurt/

N50

- 0:34

N54

- 0:40

Hamburg

- 2:35

FAROE IS.
Vagar

Latitude

Main

ETHIOPIA
Addis Ababa

City

N62

+ 0:29

FINLAND
Helsinki

N60

- 1:40

Oulu

N65

- 1:42

N48

- 0:30

Bordeaux

N45

+ 0:03

Brest

N48

+ 0:18

Clermont-Ferrand

N46

- 0:13

Lille

N51

- 0:12

Limoges

N46

- 0:05

Lyon

N46

- 0:20

Marseille

N43

- 0:21

Metz-Nancy

N49

- 0:25

Nantes

N47

+ 0:06

Paris CDG

N49

- 0:10

Paris ORY

N48

- 0:09

Strasbourg

N49

- 0:30

Toulouse

N44

- 0:05

N52

- 0:39

N51

- 0:49

Munich

N48

- 0:47

Nurnberg

N49

- 0:44

Accra

N06

+ 0:01

N36

+ 0:21

Athens

N38

- 1:35

Thessaloniki

N41

- 1:32

Sondre Stromfjord

N67

+ 3:23

Thule

N77

+ 4:35

Guam

N13

+ 9:39

N12

+ 1:03

Georgetown

N06

+ 3:53

Honolulu

N21

+ 10:32

N22

- 7:36

N47

- 1:17

N64

+ 1:30

GHANA

FRANCE
Basle-Mulhouse

Hannover
Leipzig

GIBRALTAR
Gibraltar
GREECE

GREENLAND

GUAM

GUINEA-BISSAU
Bissau
GUYANA

HAWAII

GABON
Franceville

S02

- 0:54

Libreville

N01

- 0:38

HONG KONG
Hong Kong

GAMBIA
Banjul

N13

+ 1:07

Budapest

GEORGIA
Tbilisi
GERMANY

HUNGARY

N42

- 3:00

ICELAND
Keflavik

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

130

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


City

Country

Reykjavik

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

N64

+ 1:28

INDIA

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

N36

- 9:22

Jerusalem

N32

- 2:21

Amman

N32

- 2:24

Aktyubinsk

N50

- 3:49

Almaty

N43

- 5:08

City

Country

Tokyo
JERUSALEM

Bombay

N19

- 4:52

Calcutta

N23

- 5:54

Delhi

N29

- 5:09

INDONESIA

JORDAN

KAZAKHSTAN

Jakarta

S06

- 7:07

Den Pasar

S09

- 7:41

IRAN

KENYA
Esfahan

N33

- 3:27

Mombasa

S04

- 2:38

Tehran

N36

- 3:25

Nairobi

S01

- 2:28

Baghdad

N33

- 2:57

N38

- 8:27

Pyongyang

N39

- 8:23

Kuwait

N29

- 3:12

Riga

N57

- 1:36

N34

- 2:22

Maseru

S29

- 1:50

Monrovia

N06

+ 0:43

N33

- 0:53

N55

- 1:41

N50

- 0:25

IRAQ

KOREA, REPUBLIC of

IRELAND

Seoul
KOREA, D.P.R of

Cork

N52

+ 0:34

Dublin

N53

+ 0:25

Shannon

N53

+ 0:36

ISRAEL

KUWAIT

LATVIA
Tel Aviv

N32

- 2:20

Bergamo

N46

- 0:39

Bologna

N45

- 0:45

Genoa

N44

- 0:35

ITALY

LEBANON

Milano

N46

- 0:35

Rome

N42

- 0:49

Torino

N45

- 0:31

Venice

N46

- 0:49

Verona

N45

- 0:44

IVORY COAST
Abidjan

Beirut
LESOTHO

LIBERIA

LIBYA, SPAJ
Tripoli
LITHUANIA
Vilnius

N05

+ 0:16

JAPAN

LUXEMBOURG
Luxembourg

Fukuoka

N34

- 8:42

Naha

N26

- 8:31

Ohrid

N41

- 1:23

Osaka

N35

- 9:02

Skopje

N42

- 1:26

Sapporo

N43

- 9:27

MADAGASCAR

MACEDONIA

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

131

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Country

City

Antananarivo

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

S19

- 3:10

MADEIRA IS.
Funchal

Country

N33

+ 1:07

N03

- 6:47

S16

- 2:20

NIGER

N04

4:64

NIGERIA

MALDIVES
Male
MALI
Bamako

N13

+ 0:32

Malta

N36

- 0:58

MAURITANIA
N18

+ 1:04

S20

3:51

MAURITIUS
Mauritius

N52

- 0:18

Auckland

S37

- 11:40

Christchurch

S43

- 11:30

Invercargill

S46

- 11:13

Wellington

S41

- 11:39

Niamey

N13

- 0:09

Lagos

N07

- 0:13

Bardufoss

N69

- 1:14

Bergen

N60

- 0:21

Hammerfest

N71

- 1:35

Oslo

N60

- 0:42

NORWAY

MALTA

Nouakchott

Conversion
to UTC

NEW ZEALAND

MALAWI
Blantyre

Latitude

Rotterdam

MALAYSIA
Kuala Lumpur

City

MEXICO

Stavanger

N59

- 0:22

Trondheim

N63

- 0:44

Muscat

N24

- 3:53

Karachi

N25

- 4:29

Lahore

N32

- 4:58

N09

+ 5:18

Asuncion

S25

+ 3:50

Lima-Callao

S12

+ 5:08

N15

- 8:04

N52

- 1:24

Lisbon

N39

+ 0:37

Porto

N41

+ 0:35

OMAN
Acapulco

N17

+ 6:39

Mexico City

N19

+ 6:36

PAKISTAN

MONGOLIA
Ulaan Baatar

N48

- 7:07

MOROCCO

PANAMA

Casablanca

N33

+ 0:30

Marrakech

N32

+ 0:32

Panama City
PARAGUAY

MOZAMBIQUE
Maputo

S26

- 2:10

PERU

N17

- 6:24

PHILIPPINES

MYANMAR
Yangon
NAMIBIA

Manila

Windhoek

S22

- 1:10

POLAND

Kathmandu

N28

- 7:41

PORTUGAL

NEPAL

Warsaw

NETHERLANDS
Amsterdam

N52

- 0:19

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

132

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


City

Country

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

N16

- 2:10

Goteborg

N58

- 0:49

Malmo

N55

- 0:53

Stockholm

N60

- 1:12

City

Country

SUDAN

QATAR
Doha

N25

SWEDEN

ROMANIA
Bucharest

Khartoum

- 3:26

N45

- 1:44

RUSSIA
Mineralnyye Vody

N44

- 2:52

Moscow

N55

- 2:32

St. Petersburg

N60

- 2:01

SWITZERLAND

SAUDI ARABIA
Dhahran

N26

- 3:21

Jeddah

N22

- 2:37

Riyadh

N25

- 3:07

N15

+ 1:10

S05

- 3:42

N09

+ 0:53

N01

- 6:56

N48

- 1:09

SLOVENIA
Ljubljana

N45

- 0:58

SOMALIA
Mogadishu

N33

- 2:26

Taipei

N25

- 8:05

S07

- 2:37

Bangkok

N14

- 6:42

Lome

N06

- 0:05

Tunis

N37

- 0:41

Ankara

N40

- 2:12

THAILAND

TOGO

TUNISIA

SLOVAKIA
Bratislava

Damascus

Dar-es-Salaam

SINGAPORE
Singapore

- 0:34

TANZANIA

SIERRA LEONE
Freetown

- 0:24

N47

TAIWAN

SEYCHELLES
Seychelles

N46

Zurich
SYRIA

SENEGAL
Dakar

Geneva

N02

- 3:01

TURKEY

Istanbul

N41

- 1:55

Izmir

N38

- 1:49

N00

- 2:10

N50

- 2:04

Abu Dhabi

N24

- 3:36

Dubai

N25

- 3:41

UGANDA
Entebbe

SOUTH AFRICAN REPUBLIC


Cape Town

S34

- 1:14

Johannesburg

S26

- 1:53

UKRAINE
Kiev
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

SPAIN
Barcelona

N41

- 0:08

Madrid

N40

+ 0:14

Palma

N39

- 0:11

SRI LANKA
Colombo

N07

- 5:20

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


Atlanta, Ga

N34

+ 5:38

Baltimore, Md

N39

+ 5:07

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TABLES AND CODES

24 FEB 06

133

SUNRISE AND SUNSET TABLES


Country

City

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

Bangor, Maine

N45

+ 4:35

Boston, Mass

N42

Chicago, Ill

Country

City

Latitude

Conversion
to UTC

Glasgow

N56

+ 0:18

+ 4:44

Liverpool

N53

+ 0:11

N42

+ 5:52

London

N51

+ 0:02

Cincinnati, Ohio

N39

+ 5:39

Luton

N52

+ 0:01

Cleveland, Ohio

N41

+ 5:27

Manchester

N53

+ 0:09

Dallas-Ft Worth,

N33

+ 6:28

Newcastle

N55

+ 0:07

S35

+ 3:44

N11

+ 4:47

Hochiminh

N11

- 7:07

Aden

N13

- 3:00

Sanaa

N15

- 2:57

Belgrade

N45

- 1:21

Kinshasa

S04

- 1:02

Lusaka

S15

- 1:54

S18

- 2:04

Texas

URUGUAY

Denver, Colo

N40

+ 6:59

Detroit, Mich

N42

+ 5:33

Dover, Del

N39

+ 5:02

Greensboro, N
Car

N36

+ 5:20

Houston, Texas

N30

+ 6:21

Indianapolis, Ind

N40

+ 5:45

Kansas City, Mo

N39

+ 6:19

Los Angeles, Calif

N34

+ 7:54

Memphis, Tenn

N35

+ 6:00

Minneapolis, Minn

N45

+ 6:13

New Orleans, La

N30

+ 6:01

New York, NY

N41

+ 4:55

Orlando, Fla

N28

+ 5:25

Philadelphia, Pa

N40

+ 5:01

Portland, Oreg

N46

+ 8:10

Salt Lake City,


Utah

N41

+ 7:28

San Francisco,
Calif

N38

+ 8:09

Seattle, Wash

N47

+ 8:09

St. Louis, Mo

N39

+ 6:01

Tampa, Fla

N28

+ 5:30

Washington, Va

N39

+ 5:10

Belfast

N55

+ 0:25

Birmingham

N52

+ 0:07

East Midlands

N53

+ 0:05

Edinburgh

N56

+ 0:13

Montevideo
VENEZUELA
Maracaibo
VIETNAM

YEMEN

YUGOSLAVIA

ZAIRE

ZAMBIA

ZIMBABWE
Harare

UNITED KINGDOM

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 1996, 2006. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

23 MAR 07

TABLES AND CODES

141

WORLDWIDE LOCAL TIMES

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN UTC


(Z) & LOCAL TIME
For countries with legal Summertime add one hour
to the derived local time during the period when legal
Summertime applies.
COUNTRY
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba

LOCAL TIME
UTC + 4h 30 min
UTC + 1h
UTC + 1h
UTC - 11h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 1h
UTC - 4h
UTC - 4h
UTC - 3h
UTC + 4h
UTC - 4h

Australia
Norfolk I

UTC + 11h 30 min

ACT, New South Wales, Victoria

UTC + 10h

Queensland

UTC + 10h

Tasmania

LEGAL SUMMERTIME PERIOD

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

24 MAR 07, 2200Z - 27 OCT 07, 2200Z

28 OCT 07, 1600Z - 30 MAR 08, 1600Z

UTC + 10h

Northern Territory

UTC + 9h 30 min

South Australia

UTC + 9h 30 min

7 OCT 07, 1600Z - 30 MAR 08, 1600Z

Western Australia

UTC + 8h

28 OCT 07, 1630Z - 30 MAR 08, 1630Z

Christmas I

UTC + 7h

UTC + 6h 30 min

UTC + 1h
UTC + 4h
UTC - 1h
UTC - 5h
UTC + 3h
UTC + 6h
UTC - 4h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 1h
UTC - 6h
UTC + 1h
UTC - 4h
UTC + 6h
UTC - 4h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 2h

25
25
25
29

Cocos (Keeling) I
Austria
Azerbaijan
Azores
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil

MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


MAR 07, 2100Z - 28 OCT 07, 2000Z
MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z
APR 07, 0700Z - 28 OCT 07, 0600Z

25 MAR 07, 0000Z - 28 OCT 07, 0000Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

1 APR 07, 0600Z - 28 OCT 07, 0500Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

Fernando de Noronha

UTC - 2h

Brazilia, Rio de Janeiro, Sao


Paulo, Sergipe

UTC - 3h

Mato Grosso

UTC - 4h

21 OCT 07, 0300Z - 24 FEB 08, 0200Z


(except Amapa and Para (eastern))
21 OCT 07, 0400Z - 24 FEB 08, 0300Z
(except Amazonas, Para (western), Rondonia
and Roraima)

q$z

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 2002, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

142

TABLES AND CODES

23 MAR 07

WORLDWIDE LOCAL TIMES


COUNTRY
Acre
British Virgin Is
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canary Is.
Canada

LOCAL TIME
UTC - 5h

LEGAL SUMMERTIME PERIOD

UTC - 4h
UTC + 8h
UTC + 2h
UTC
UTC + 2h
UTC + 7h
UTC + 1
UTC

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

UTC - 3h 30 min

11 MAR 07, 0331Z - 4 NOV 07, 0231Z

Atlantic (Labrador, New


Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince
Edward I)

UTC - 4h

11 MAR 07, 0600Z - 4 NOV 07, 0500Z

Eastern (Nunavut, Ontario,


Quebec)

UTC - 5h

11 MAR 07, 0700Z - 4 NOV 07, 0600Z

Central (Manitoba, Nunavut,


Ontario, Saskatchewan)

UTC - 6h

Mountain (Alberta, British


Columbia, Northwest Territories,
Nunavut)

UTC - 7h

11 MAR 07, 0800Z - 4 NOV 07, 0700Z


(except Saskatchewan)
11 MAR 07, 0900Z - 4 NOV 07, 0800Z

Pacific (British Columbia,


Nunavut, Yukon)
Cape Verde
Cayman Is.
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile

UTC - 8h

11 MAR 07, 1000Z - 4 NOV 07, 0900Z

UTC - 1h
UTC - 5h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 1h
UTC - 4h
UTC - 6h

Newfoundland, Labrador

Easter I.
China, PR of
Colombia
Comoros
Congo, DR of

UTC + 8h
UTC - 5h
UTC + 3h

13 OCT 07, 0400Z - 8 MAR 08, 0300Z


13 OCT 07, 0400Z - 8 MAR 08, 0300Z

East

UTC + 2h

West
Congo, Republic of
Cook Is
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark

UTC + 1h

UTC + 1h
UTC - 10h
UTC - 6h
UTC + 1h
UTC - 5h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 3h
UTC - 4h
UTC - 4h
UTC - 5h
UTC - 6h

25
11
25
25
25

UTC + 2h
UTC - 6h

26 APR 07, 2200Z - 27 SEP 07, 2100Z


20 MAY 07, 0600Z - 2 SEP 07, 0500Z

Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Galapagos Is.
Egypt
El Salvador

MAR
MAR
MAR
MAR
MAR

07, 0100Z
07, 0500Z
07, 0100Z
07, 0100Z
07, 0100Z

- 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


- 4 NOV 07, 0500Z
- 28 OCT 07, 0100Z
- 28 OCT 07, 0100Z
- 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

q$z

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 2002, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

16 NOV 07

TABLES AND CODES

143

WORLDWIDE LOCAL TIMES


COUNTRY
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Faroe Is.
Fiji Is.
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Marquesas Is
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Great Britain (UK)
Greece
Greenland

LOCAL TIME
UTC + 1h
UTC + 3h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 3h
UTC
UTC + 12h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 1
UTC - 3h
UTC - 10h
UTC - 9h 30min

LEGAL SUMMERTIME PERIOD

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

UTC + 1h
UTC
UTC + 4h
UTC + 1h
UTC
UTC + 1h
UTC
UTC + 2h

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

Northeastern part

UTC - 1h

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

Central part

UTC - 2h

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

Western part
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras

UTC - 3h

11 MAR 07, 0600Z - 4 NOV 07, 0500Z

Hong Kong, PR of China


Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia

UTC - 4h
UTC - 4h
UTC + 10h
UTC - 6h
UTC
UTC
UTC - 4h
UTC - 5h
UTC - 6h
UTC + 8h
UTC + 1h
UTC
UTC + 5h 30 min

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z
25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

29 APR 07, 0600Z - 30 SEP 07, 0500Z

6 MAY 07, 0600Z - 6 AUG 07, 0500Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

Eastern

UTC + 9h

Central

UTC + 8h

UTC + 7h

Western
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Johnston Atoll

UTC + 3h 30 min
UTC + 3h
UTC
UTC + 2h
UTC + 1h
UTC
UTC - 5h
UTC + 9h
UTC - 10h

1 APR 07, 0000Z - 31 OCT 07, 0000Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z
30 MAR 07, 0000Z - 15 SEP 07, 2300Z
25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

q$z

JEPPESEN, 2002, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

144

TABLES AND CODES

16 NOV 07

WORLDWIDE LOCAL TIMES


COUNTRY
Jordan
Kazakhstan

LOCAL TIME
UTC + 2h

LEGAL SUMMERTIME PERIOD


28 MAR 07, 2200Z - 25 OCT 07, 2200Z

Western

UTC + 4h

Eastern
Kenya

UTC + 6h

UTC + 3h

Kiribati
Line Is

UTC + 14h

Phoenix Is

UTC + 13h

Gilbert Is
Korea, D.P.R of
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho

UTC + 12h

UTC + 9h
UTC + 9h
UTC + 3h
UTC + 5h
UTC + 7h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 2h
UTC
UTC + 2h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 8h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 3h
UTC
UTC + 2h
UTC + 8h
UTC + 5h
UTC
UTC + 1h
UTC + 12h
UTC - 4h
UTC
UTC + 4h

Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau, PR of China
Macedonia, FYR of
Madagascar
Madeira
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Is
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


25 MAR 07, 0000Z - 28 OCT 07, 0000Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z
25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

Baja California North

UTC - 8h

1 APR 07, 1000Z - 28 OCT 07, 1000Z

Baja California South,


Chihuahua, Nayarit, Sinaloa,
Sonora

UTC - 7h

1 APR 07, 0900Z - 28 OCT 07, 0900Z

South, Central and Eastern


Micronesia, Federated States of

UTC - 6h

1 APR 07, 0800Z - 28 OCT 07, 0800Z

Kosrae, Pohnpei

UTC + 11h

Yap, Chuuk
Midway I
Miquelon I (France)
Moldova
Mongolia
Morocco

UTC + 10h

UTC - 11h
UTC - 3h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 8
UTC

11 APR 07, 0500Z - 4 NOV 07, 0400Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

JEPPESEN, 2002, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

16 NOV 07

TABLES AND CODES

145

WORLDWIDE LOCAL TIMES


COUNTRY
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru I
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Chatham Is
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Northern Mariana Is
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine Areas
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Reunion
Romania
Russia

LOCAL TIME
UTC + 2
UTC + 6hr 30min
UTC + 1h
UTC + 12h
UTC + 5hr 45 min
UTC + 1h
UTC - 4h
UTC + 11h
UTC + 12h
UTC + 12hr 45 min
UTC - 6h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 1h
UTC - 11h
UTC + 10h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 4h
UTC + 5h
UTC + 9h
UTC + 2h
UTC - 5h
UTC + 10h
UTC - 4h
UTC - 5h
UTC + 8h
UTC + 1h
UTC
UTC - 4h
UTC + 3h
UTC + 4h
UTC + 2h

LEGAL SUMMERTIME PERIOD

3 SEP 06, 0100Z - 1 APR 07, 0000Z


2 SEP 07, 0100Z - 6 APR 08, 0000Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

29 SEP 07, 1400Z - 5 APR 08, 1400Z


29 SEP 07, 1400Z - 5 APR 08, 1400Z
25 APR 07, 0800Z - 7 OCT 07, 0700Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

31 MAR 07, 2200Z - 18 OCT 07, 2100Z

21 OCT 07, 0400Z - 8 MAR 08, 0300Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

Kalingrad

UTC + 2h

25 MAR 07, 0000Z 28 OCT 07, 0000Z

European part

UTC + 3h

24 MAR 07, 2300Z - 27 OCT 07, 2300Z

Smaller areas around the river


Volga

UTC + 4h

24 MAR 07, 2200Z - 27 OCT 07, 2200Z

Ural region and parts of west


Siberia

UTC + 5h

24 MAR 07, 2100Z - 27 OCT 07, 2100Z

West / and parts of Central


Siberia

UTC + 6h

24 MAR 07, 2000Z - 27 OCT 07, 2000Z

Parts of Central Siberia

UTC + 7h

24 MAR 07, 1900Z - 27 OCT 07, 1900Z

Parts of East Siberia

UTC + 8h

24 MAR 07, 1800Z - 27 OCT 07, 1800Z

Parts of East Siberia and parts


of the Far East

UTC + 9h

24 MAR 07, 1700Z - 27 OCT 07, 1700Z

Parts of the Far East

UTC + 10h

24 MAR 07, 1600Z - 27 OCT 07, 1600Z

Parts of the Far East

UTC + 11h

24 MAR 07, 1500Z - 27 OCT 07, 1500Z

Parts of the Far East


Rwanda

UTC + 12h

24 MAR 07, 1400Z - 27 OCT 07, 1400Z

UTC + 2h

q$z

JEPPESEN, 2002, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

146

TABLES AND CODES

16 NOV 07

WORLDWIDE LOCAL TIMES


COUNTRY
St Kitts
St Lucia
St Pierre I (France)
St Vincent
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia and Montenegro
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Is.
Somalia
South African Republic
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks & Caicos Is.
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom

LOCAL TIME
UTC - 4h
UTC - 4h
UTC - 3h
UTC - 4h
UTC - 11h
UTC
UTC + 3h
UTC
UTC + 1h
UTC + 4h
UTC
UTC + 8h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 11h
UTC + 3h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 6
UTC + 3h
UTC - 3h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 8h
UTC + 5h
UTC + 3h
UTC + 7h
UTC
UTC + 13h
UTC - 4h
UTC + 1h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 5h
UTC - 5h
UTC + 12h
UTC + 3h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 4h
UTC

LEGAL SUMMERTIME PERIOD

11 MAR 07, 0500Z - 4 NOV 07, 0400Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z
31 MAR 07, 2200Z - 30 SEP 07, 2100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z


25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

1 APR 07, 0500Z - 28 OCT 07, 0400Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

25 MAR 07, 0100Z - 28 OCT 07, 0100Z

United States of America


Eastern

UTC - 5h

11 MAR 07, 0700Z - 4 NOV 07, 0600Z

Central

UTC - 6h

11 MAR 07, 0800Z - 4 NOV 07, 0700Z

Mountain

UTC - 7h

Pacific

UTC - 8h

11 MAR 07, 0900Z - 4 NOV 07, 0800Z


(except Arizona)
11 MAR 07, 1000Z - 4 NOV 07, 0900Z

Alaska

UTC - 9h

11 MAR 07, 1100Z - 4 NOV 07, 1000Z

Alaska (Aleutian Is)

UTC - 10h

Hawaii

UTC - 10h

11 MAR 07, 1200Z - 4 NOV 07, 1100Z

JEPPESEN, 2002, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

4 MAY 07

TABLES AND CODES

147

WORLDWIDE LOCAL TIMES


COUNTRY
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Virgin Is of the United States
Wake I
Wallis & Futuna Is
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

LOCAL TIME
UTC - 3h
UTC + 5h
UTC + 11h
UTC - 4h
UTC + 7h
UTC - 4h
UTC + 12h
UTC + 12h
UTC + 3h
UTC + 2h
UTC + 2h

LEGAL SUMMERTIME PERIOD


7 OCT 06, 0500Z - 8 MAR 08, 0400Z

JEPPESEN SANDERSON, INC., 2002, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

2 NOV 07

TABLES AND CODES

301

INTERNATIONAL DIALLING PROCEDURES


Based on the recommendations of the International Telecommunication Union ITU Operational Bulletin
849 dated 1 December 2005
COUNTRY
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Ascension I
Australia
Australian Ext. Terr.7
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium2
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Is
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Is
Central African Rep.
Chad
Chile
China, P.R. of
Colombia1
Comoros4
Congo D.R. of
Congo, Rep of
Cook Is

Code
+93
+355
+213
+1
+376
+244
+1
+1
+54
+374
+297
+247
+61
+672
+43
+994
+1
+973
+880
+1
+375
+32
+501
+229
+1
+975
+591
+387
+267
+55
+1
+673
+359
+226
+257
+855
+237
+1
+238
+1
+236
+235
+56
+86
+57
+269
+243
+242
+682

COUNTRY
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech
Denmark
Diego Garcia
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Rep.
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Is (Malvinas)
Faroe Is
Fiji Is
Finland
France2
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece2
Greenland
Grenada
Group of countries,
shared code12
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea Rep
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong, P.R. of
China
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran

Code
+506
+385
+53
+357
+420
+45
+246
+253
+1
+1
+593
+20
+503
+240
+291
+372
+251
+500
+298
+679
+358
+33
+594
+689
+241
+220
+995
+49
+233
+350
+30
+299
+1
+388
+590
+1
+502
+224
+245
+592
+509
+504
+852
+36
+354
+91
+62
+98

q$z

JEPPESEN, 1990, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

q$i

302

TABLES AND CODES

2 NOV 07

INTERNATIONAL DIALLING PROCEDURES


COUNTRY
Iraq
Ireland3
Israel
Italy6
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya11
Kiribati
Korea, DPR of
Korea, Rep of
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya SPAJ
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao, P.R. of China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia8
Maledives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Is
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mayotte4
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat I
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Neth Antilles

Code
+964
+353
+972
+39
+225
+1
+81
+962
+7
+254
+686
+850
+82
+965
+996
+856
+371
+961
+266
+231
+218
+423
+370
+352
+853
+389
+261
+265
+60
+960
+223
+356
+692
+596
+222
+230
+269
+52
+691
+373
+377
+976
+382
+1
+212
+258
+95
+264
+674
+977
+599

COUNTRY
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Northern Marianas Is
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Reunion
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
St Helena
St Kitts
St Pierre I
St Vincent
Samoa
San Marino5
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore9
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Is
Somalia
South African Rep
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria

q$i

Code
+31
+687
+64
+505
+227
+234
+683
+1
+47
+968
+92
+680
+507
+675
+595
+51
+63
+48
+351
+1
+974
+262
+40
+7
+250
+290
+1
+508
+1
+685
+378
+239
+966
+221
+381
+248
+232
+65
+421
+386
+677
+252
+27
+34
+94
+249
+597
+268
+46
+41
+963

q$z

JEPPESEN, 1990, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

2 NOV 07

TABLES AND CODES

303

INTERNATIONAL DIALLING PROCEDURES


COUNTRY
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania11
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tokelau
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Is
Tuvalu
Uganda11
Ukraine

Code
+886
+992
+255
+66
+670
+228
+690
+676
+1
+216
+90
+993
+1
+688
+256
+380

COUNTRY
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican10
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Virgin Is
Wallis and Futuna Is
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

q$i

Code
+971
+44
+1
+598
+998
+678
+379
+39
+58
+84
+1
+681
+967
+260
+263

1 The

length of the national (significant) number(s) will be 8 digits for geographic numbering and 10 digits for
non-geographic numbering (networks and services).
2 The 0 is used on all domestic calls, including in the same city, but is omitted when dialling from other
countries.
3 When dialling from Ireland to Northern Ireland, the area code used should be 048 instead of 004428.
4 In Comoros Islands, the subscriber numbers begin with digit 3 and 7 and Mayotte digit 2 and 6.
5 When dialling from San Marino to Italy, the complete national subscriber number must be used, without
prefixing the number by 0039.
6 When dialling from Italy to San Marino, the subscriber number must be prefixed by 0549 instead of 00378.
7 Including Australia Antarctic Territory Bases and Norfolk Island (international prefix for Norfolk Island is
0101).
8 When dialling from Malaysia to Singapore, the subscriber number must be prefixed by 02 instead of 0065.
9 When dialling from Singapore to Malaysia, the area code and subscriber number must be prefixed by
020 instead of 00160.
10 The country code is listed for future use (Vatican is currently using country code 39).
11 When dialling between Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda the national (significant) number must be prefixed by
005 for Kenya, 006 for Uganda and 007 for Tanzania.
12 ECTRA (a European body) proposed that country code +388 be assigned for a European Telephony
Numbering Space (ETNS), applicable throughout Europe for Europe-wide services. This code would
supplement, but not replace, existing country codes used by each European Nation. One advantage is that
companies could replace different numbers from different European countries with a single +388 number. For
more information see http://www.etns.org.

q$z

JEPPESEN, 1990, 2007. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.