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OISD-STANDARD-118

Amended edition
FOR RESTRICTED
CIRCULATION

LAYOUTS
FOR
OIL AND GAS INSTALLATIONS

OISD-STANDARD-118
First Revision, July 1995

Amended edition. August 2000

Oil Industry Safety Directorate


Government of India
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas

OISD-STANDARD-118
First Revision, July 1995

Amended edition.
August 2000
FOR RESTRICTED
CIRCULATION

LAYOUTS
FOR
OIL AND GAS INSTALLATIONS

Prepared By :

COMMITTEE ON LAYOUTS

OIL INDUSTRY SAFETY DIRECTORATE


2ND FLOOR, KAILASH
26, KASTURBA GANDHI MARG
NEW DELHI-110 001

NOTE
OISD publications are prepared for use in the oil and gas industry under
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. These are the property of Ministry of
Petroleum & Natural Gas and shall not be reproduced or copied or loaned or
exhibited to others without written consent from OISD.
Though every effort has been made to assure the accuracy and reliability
of the data contained in these documents, OISD hereby expressly disclaims any
liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting from their use.
These documents are intended only to supplement and not to replace the
prevailing statutory requirements.

Note1 in superscript indicates the modification/changes/


addition based on the amendments approved in the 17 th Safety
Council meeting held in July, 1999.
Note
2
in
superscript
indicates
the
modification/changes/addition based on the amendments
approved in the 18th Safety Council meeting held in August,2000.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

FOREWORD
The Oil Industry in India is over 100 years old. As such various practices have been in
vogue because of collaboration/association with different foreign companies and
governments. Standardisation in design philosophies and operating and maintenance
practices at a national level was hardly in existence. This coupled with feed back from some
serious accidents that occurred in the recent past in India and abroad, emphasised the need
for the industry to review the existing state-of-the-art in designing, operating and maintaining
oil and gas installations.
With this in view, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in 1986 constituted a
Safety Council assisted by the Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) staffed from within the
industry for formulating and implementing a series of self regulatory measures aimed at
removing obsolescence, standardising and upgrading the existing standards to ensure safer
operations. Accordingly, OISD constituted a number of functional committees comprising of
experts nominated from the industry to draw up standards and guidelines on various
subjects. The experience and knowledge gathered over the years and the various national
and international codes and practices are taken into consideration.
The first edition of the document on "Layouts for Oil and Gas Installations" was
prepared by the Functional Committee and published in November 1988. This document of
July 1995 is the first revision prepared by the Functional Committee.
This document will be reviewed periodically for improvements based on the experience
and better understanding.
Suggestions from industry members may be addressed to:

The Coordinator
Committee on Layouts
Oil Industry Safety Directorate
2nd Floor, Kailash
26, Kasturba Gandhi Marg
New Delhi-110 001

COMMITTEE ON LAYOUTS
(First Edition - November 1988)
NAME

ORGANISATION

Leader
Shri R.P.Bhatla

Engineers India Ltd., New Delhi

Members
Shri K.K. Arora

Oil & Natural Gas Corpn. Ltd., Bombay

Shri S.K. Mukherjee

Hindustan Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. (R), Bombay

Shri V.K. Raina

Bharat Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. (M), Bombay

Shri K. Ravi Kumar

Madras Refineries Ltd., Madras

Member Coordinator
Shri B.K. Trehan

Oil Industry Safety Directorate, New Delhi

COMMITTEE ON LAYOUTS
(First Revision - July 1995)
Leader
Shri R.P. Bhatla/

Engineers India Ltd., New Delhi

Shri M.M. Kapoor


(since February, 1995)
Members
Shri S.K. Mukherjee

Hindustan Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. (R), Bombay

Shri K.K. Arora

Oil & Natural Gas Corpn. Ltd., Bombay

Shri V.K.Raina

Bharat Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. (M), Bombay

Shri S. Pandarinathan

Madras Refineries Ltd., Madras

Member Coordinator
Shri B. Sadhukhan/

Oil Industry Safety Directorate, New Delhi

Shri S.N. Mathur


(since April, 1995)
(In addition to the above, several other experts from the industry contributed in the preparation, review and
finalisation of this document.)

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

LAYOUTS FOR OIL AND GAS INSTALLATIONS


INDEX
SECTION
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
5.1
5.2
6.0
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.2
7.0
7.1
7.2
8.0
8.1
8.1.1
8.1.2
8.1.3
8.2
9.0
9.1
9.2
10.0
TABLES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

CONTENTS
Introduction
Scope
Definitions
Plant Layout Philosophy
Layout of Blocks/Facilities
General Considerations
Inter-distances
Layout of Process Units
General Considerations
Process Equipment
Control Room and Sub-Station
Equipment Spacing within Process Units
Layout of Storage Tanks
General Considerations
Inter-distances between Tanks / Offsite Facilities
Layout of LPG Facilities
General Considerations
LPG Storage
LPG Bottling
LPG Bulk Handling
Inter-distances for LPG Facilities
Layout of Utility Stations
General Considerations
Inter-distances
References

Inter-distances between Blocks/Facilities


Equipment Spacing within Process Units
Inter-distances between Storage Tanks/Offsite Facilities
(for Small Installations)
Inter-distances between Storage Tanks/Offsite Facilites
Inter-distances between Storage Tanks
Distances from Boundary Fencing
Inter-distances for LPG Facilities
Inter-distances between LPG Storage Vessels and Boundary/Property Line/
Group of Buildings not associated with LPG plant.

ANNEXURE 1 : TYPICAL LAYOUT OF LPG STORAGE VESSELS

v
"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

LAYOUTS FOR OIL AND GAS INSTALLATIONS


facilities upstream of the christmas tree of a well
are not covered under this definition.

1.0 INTRODUCTION
Hydrocarbon processing and handling plants are
inherently hazardous. Today's trend of large and
complex plants presents substantial risk potential. At
times plants are modified to operate at higher capacities
or efficiencies necessitating larger storage requirements
than contemplated earlier. For these reasons, initial site
analysis for the proposed new construction or addition
should be done carefully while considering the space
allocation to the various facilities.
The hydrocarbon industry over the years learnt
lessons from fires and explosions throughout the world
and has been up-dating plant safety norms including
inter-distances between facilities and their relative
locations. The minimum distances recommended many
years ago need review in the context of today's
environment in the industry.

(iii)

Gas processing plant is a facility where natural


gas is received and processed to make gas, LPG,
condensate etc.
(iv)

SCOPE

This document lays down minimum requirements


of layouts within the plant boundary for petroleum
refineries, Oil/Gas production and processing plants,
LPG filling plants and other petroleum storage
installations. The requirement of green belt/buffer zone
beyond the plant boundary is outside the scope of this
standard. Such provision may be considered based on
local environmental/ security requirements.

3.0 DEFINITIONS
(i)

PETROLEUM REFINERY
Petroleum Refinery is a plant where crude oil is
received and processed into intermediates and
finished products.

(ii)

OIL/GAS PRODUCTION PLANT


Oil/Gas production plant is a plant where oil
and/or gas is collected, stabilised and despatched
for further processing. Drilling activities and

LPG FILLING PLANT


LPG filling plant is a plant where liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG) is received/despatched by
rail, road and pipeline and filled in cylinders.

(v)

OTHER PETROLEUM STORAGE INSTALLATIONS


Other petroleum storage installations include:

It is not intended that requirement of this standard


should be applied rigidly to existing premises where for
a variety of reasons, it may not be practicable to comply
with. This standard will however create awareness and
help in selective implementation of the recommendations at existing installations.

2.0

GAS PROCESSING PLANT

(vi)

Crude oil gathering stations

Coastal storage installations for crude oil


and petroleum products

Marketing depots and terminals

Aviation storage and fuelling stations

Pipeline installations/terminals.

FLASH POINT
"Flash point" of any petroleum liquid is the
minimum temperature at which the liquid yields
vapour in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air and gives a momentary flash
on application of a small pilot flame under specified conditions of test as per IS:1448 (Part-I).

(vii)

GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF PETROLEUM


PRODUCTS
Petroleum products are classified according to
their closed cup FLASH POINTS as follows:

Class "A" Petroleum:


Liquids which have flash point below 23 oC.

Class "B" Petroleum:


Liquids which have flash point of 23 oC
and above but below 65 oC.

Class "C" Petroleum:


Liquids which have flash point of 65 oC
and above but below 93 oC.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

Excluded Petroleum:
Liquids which have flash point of 93 oC
and above.

(i)

(a)

Liquefied gases including LPG, do not fall under


this classification but form separate category.

Information on following items should be


collected before proceeding with the
development of overall plot plan:
Process units and their capacities

Process flow
sequence

Utility requirements

Storage tanks list

LPG storage vessels and their sizes

Product despatch and mode of transport


(rail, road and pipeline)

Warehouses, open storage areas

Number of flares

Operating and maintenance philosophy for


grouping of utilities

Plant and non-plant buildings

Environmental considerations

Scrap yards and dumping ground

STABLING LINE

Fire station and fire training ground

It is an additional railway line/spur reserved for


additional rake/stabling.

Chemical/Toxic Chemical storage

Storage areas for solid products such as


petroleum coke, petroleum wax, coal,
bitumen and asphalt

(b)

Data on following infrastructural facilities


should be collected before detailed layout
activity is taken up and due consideration
should be given for the same while deciding
plant layout:

In the following cases, above classification does


not apply and special precautions should be
taken as required:
(a)

(b)

Where ambient temperatures or the


handling temperatures are higher than the
flash point of the product.
Where product handled is artificially heated
to a temperature above its flash point.

(viii) TANK HEIGHT


Tank height is the:

(ix)

BASIC INFORMATION

Height from tank bottom to top kerb angle


for cone roof tanks

Height from tank bottom to top of tank shell


for floating roof tanks

4.0 PLANT LAYOUT PHILOSOPHY


A petroleum installation may be broadly
considered as a group of one or more of the following
units/facilities:

diagram

indicating

flow

Crude oil storage

Intermediate and finished product storage

LPG storage and handling facilities

Site location map

Process units and control room

Prevailing wind direction

Product loading/unloading facilities (Rail,


Road and Pipelines)

Area topography contour map

Utilities generation and distribution centres

High flood level in the area

Blowdown and flare system

Source of water supply and likely entry point

Waste water treatment facilities

Administrative and service buildings (warehouse, workshop, canteen, fire station,


laboratory, first aid, parking lot etc.)

Electric supply source and direction of entry


point

Crude oil entry point

Storm water disposal point and effluent


disposal point

Following points shall be kept in mind while


developing overall plant layout of any installation.

vii
"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

(ii)

(iii)

Railway entry point and marshalling yard


location

(iv)

LOCATION

Approach roads to main plant areas

(a)

Inward/outward product movement by rail/


road and pipelines.

Process unit(s) should be located on high


ground to avoid flooding.

(b)

Presence of ignition source shall always be


contemplated beyond the boundary wall of
the installation.

(c)

Orientation of flares,furnaces/heaters, dusty


operations (e.g. sulphur handling) and
cooling towers should be decided based on
prevailing wind direction.

Surrounding risks
BLOCKS
(a)

In any process installation, it is recommended that plant layout arrangement should


follow the general route of raw material to
process unit (s) with tankages interposed as
required followed by despatch facilities.

(b)

Block layout should be adopted as much as


possible. The entire area should be subdivided into blocks. Maximum size of a block
should be established based on tank farm
layouts.

(V)

ROADS
(a)

All process units and dyked enclosures of


storage tanks shall be planned in separate
blocks with roads all around for access and
safety. Primary traffic roads in the
installation should be clear of hazardous
classified areas. Roads separating the
blocks shall provide fire breaks and have
facilities for fire fighting activities.

(b)

Alternative access should be provided for


each facility so that it can be approached for
fire fighting/maintenance/construction in the
event of blockage on one route.

(c)

Road widths and turning radii at road


junctions shall be designed to facilitate
movement of the largest fire fighting vehicle
in the event of emergency.

(d)

Rail spur shall be located close to the


periphery of the plant to minimise road
crossings and blockage of roads during
shunting.

(e)

Layout of the facilities shall be made to


minimise truck traffic ingress in the plant.

(f)

Two road approaches from the highway


should be provided, one for employees and
other for product movement. Both these
approaches should be available for receipt
of assistance in emergency. However, for
smaller installations, this requirement may
be relaxed if not feasible.

(vi)

ERECTION AND MAINTENANCE


(a)

Erection methods shall be anticipated for all


types of equipments. Towers, reactors and
fired equipments should be located away
from congested areas to facilitate erection at
any stage.

(b)

Maintenance methods for each type of


equipment shall be identified in advance
since these affect the requirements for
layout. Equipment requiring frequent attention shall have easy accessibility. For equipments having removable parts, wherever
possible, arrangements shall be made to
facilitate their removal without dismantling
long lengths of piping. Free access shall be
provided for hoisting the equipment.

FUTURE EXPANSION
Future expansion shall be assessed and space
provision for known and unforeseen needs shall
be made. Orderly future expansion shall be
affected by providing space adjacent to similar
type of facilities for expansion. Extension of pipe
sleepers and pipe way, road crossings for yard
piping shall be given due consideration. Care
shall be taken to facilitate future expansion
without any interferene to plant on-stream.

5.0. LAYOUT OF BLOCKS/FACILITIES


An installation may consist of one or more of the
following basic blocks/facilities:
-

Storage tanks/offsites
LPG storage and filling facilities
Process units
Utilities and effluent disposal facilities

5.1 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

While locating the above blocks/facilities and


further sub blocks/facilities within them, following items
should be considered :
(i)

Layout planning should be in sequential order of


process flow.

(ii)

Orientation should be to suit wind direction to


avoid travel of hydrocarbon vapour over sources
of ignition.
Process units should be centrally located with
straight approach from main gate. Orientation of
process units should follow process flow in
sequential order so that piping runs are also
minimum.

(iii)

(x)

Area around flare should be paved to avoid


growth of grass/vegetation which can otherwise
provide combustible material for fires. (Ref.
section 8.0 of OISD-STD-106 on "Process Design
and Operating Philosophies on Relief and
Disposal systems").
(xi)

Truck loading facilities should be located close to


product movement gate. Rail loading facilities
should suit rail siding layout and preferably be
located along periphery of the installation.

(xii)

Effluent Treatment Plants should be located


minimum one block away from unit area, down
wind of process units and important areas to
avoid odour problems. They should be closer to
disposal point and at lower grade to facilitate
gravity flow of effluent.

(xiii)

Sulphur recovery unit and sulphur loading area


should be located close to product movement
gate and away from hazardous and populated
areas. A minimum distance of 50m is recommended between sulphur storage/handling and any
building or boundary wall.

Location of tall columns and furnaces should be


close to road side for ease of construction and
maintenance.
(iv)

Storage tanks should be grouped according to


product classification. In undulating areas,
storage tanks should be located at lower
elevations.

(v)

Utility blocks should be located adjacent to unit


blocks.

(vi)

Main power receiving station should be close to


the fence line with minimum overhead power
transmission lines passing through the installation.
Overhead power transmission lines shall not pass
over process units, storage tanks, offsite and
utility areas. Wherever these lines are passing
through plant premises adequate safety distances
shall be kept.

(vii)

H T sub-station should be located close to major


load centres. One or more sub-stations could be
provided to limit distances.

(viii)

L T sub-station should generally be located at


load centres in such a way that the distance
between distribution transformer and farthest
motor is minimum.

(ix)

Gas/Oil based power plants should be located


close to process units/utility blocks and closer to
Main Receiving Station, as far as possible. Coal
based power plants should be located away from
criticalfacilities like air separation plants, electrical installations etc. to avoid problems due to coal
dust and ash.

Flare should be located upwind of process units.


Height of flare and its distance from operating
facilities shall be decided based on heat radiation
considerations and other considerations like
ground level concentration, cold venting etc.

(xiv) Petroleum coke/coal storage and handling


facilities should be located as far as possible
away from process units, air separation plants,
populated and hazardous areas.
(xv)

Sufficient open areas should be left where


construction activities can be undertaken.
Requirements for erecting tall structures should
be studied before finalising the layout.

(xvi) Fire station should be located close to main entry


gate with straight approach to process units/other
critical areas. Fire station and fire water pump
house shall be located at a safe place away from
hazardous areas. Fire station includes fire
tenders, foam equipments and fire fighting
accessories.
(xvii) Fire water storage and pumps shall be located at
a minimum distance of 60 m from hydrocarbon
storage and process units. However for petroleum
depots and terminals, it shall be as per clause
4.3.5(V) of OISD-STD-117.

ix
"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

5.2

INTERDISTANCES

Interdistances
between
various
blocks/facilities
described above shall be as per Table-1.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

11

TABLE - 1 (NOTE1)
MINIMUM INTERDISTANCES BETWEEN BLOCKS/FACILITIES
S.No.

From \ To

10

11

12

13

14

15 16

1.

Process Units

36

***

30

45

30

60

90

150

45

60

45

30

60

60

30

90

2.

Process Control
Room

***

**

45

30

60

90

150

45

30

30

30

15

30

30

3.

Storage Tank
Class A

30

**

T3 &
T5

T3 &
T5

T3 &
T5

30

90

150

30

60

90

30

T6

60

30

50

4.

Storage Tank
Class B

45

45

T3 &
T5

T3 &
T5

T3 &
T5

30

90

150

30

60

90

30

T6

30

30

50

5.

Storage Tank
Class C

30

30

T3 &
T5

T3 &
T5

T3 &
T5

30

90

150

30

60

90

30

T6

30

30

50

6.

Storage Vessels
(Pressure) LPG/Other

60

60

30

30

30

T7

90

150

30

90

90

30

T8

45

30

60

7.

Flares-elevated

90

90

90

90

90

90

90

150

90

90

90

90

90

90

90

90

8.

Flares-ground

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

9.

Bulk loading racks


(rail/road) LPG/POL

45

45

30

30

30

30

90

150

60

30

60

60

60

90

90

150 90/60

10. Fire stations/


First aid centre

T7 90/60 30
-

T7 T6/T760
30

30

12

30
12

50

30

90
Contd...

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

12

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

TABLE - 1 (Contd..)
S.No.

10

11

12

13

14

15 16

45

30

90

90

90

90

90

150

30

30

15

50

30

30

90

12. Rail spur

30

30

30

30

30

90

150

T7

30

15

30

15

50

13. Boundary fence


around installation

60

30

T6

T6

T6

T8

90

150 T6/T7 12

50

30

30

50

14. Service buildings

60

15

60

30

30

45

90

150

60

12

30

30

50

15. Cooling towers,


water storage,
nitrogen plant

30

30

30

30

30

30

90

150

30

30

30

15

30

30

15

16. API Separators/


oil sludge pit

90

30

50

50

50

60

90

150

50

90

90

50

50

50

15

11.

From \ To

Boiler House/
heaters

**

Distance will be 30 meters in case Control Room is blast proof and 60 meters in case it is not blast proof.

***

Refer OISD-STD-163 on Process Control Room Safety

Notes :
1.

All distances are in metres.

2.

All distances shall be measured between the nearest points on the perimeter of each facility except in case of tank vehicle loading/unloading area
where the distance shall be measured from the centre of each bay.

3.

"T" indicates the table to be referred.

4.

Where distances have not been specified, it shall be decided based on construction,operation & maintenance requirements.

5.

API/CPI, open oil separators/oil collection sumps shall be categorised under the same risk and shall be located at 90m distance from
heaters/boilers. However, if these are covered from top and provided with adequate venting to safe location, the minimum safe distance can be
reduced from 90m to 30m.

6.

Distance between bulk loading racks and fire station shall be :


(i)

For LPG Gantry - 90 m &


"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II
ii)
7.

13

For POL Gantry - 60 m.

Definitions :
Process Unit - a unit having integrated sequence of operation , physical and chemical, and may involve preparation, separation, purification, or change
in state, energy content or composition.
Service building a building housing facilities for inspection/maintenance/other supporting services which are directly required for operation of the plant.
Fire station a building housing facilities of parking fire tenders and keeping other ready to use fire fighting equipment for meeting plant emergencies,
fire control room with required communication facilities/mimic panel.
Fire pump house a building housing main fire water pumps, jockey pumps, communication and alarm system, instrumentation and the required
operating & supporting personnel.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

14

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II
-118 Revision - I

6.0

LAYOUT OF PROCESS UNITS

6.1

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

6.1.1 PROCESS EQUIPMENT


(i)

(ii)

Process flow sequence and operating


procedures shall be thoroughly understood
so that equipment arrangement in the plot
plan is functional. Equipment shall be
arranged in logistic process sequence for
short piping runs and operational ease.
It is recommended that the unit pipe rack
be kept in the centre, thereby splitting the
unit into two or more areas of
equipments.Pumps may be arranged in
two rows close to and on either side of the
central pipe rack. Heat Exchangers and
vessels should be grouped together
forming outer rows on both sides of the
rack. Fired heaters should be kept at open
end of the unit upwind from the remaining
plant equipments.

(iii)

Spacing between battery limits of individual


pieces of equipment shall be adequate for
undertaking maintenance jobs.

(iv)

Spacing between two process units in a


complex should be decided based on shut
down philosophy for maintenance of the
units. If the shut down of the units are
expected at different occasions, then inter
distances may be increased.This will
facilitate ease in maintenance and
minimise risk from/for operating units due
to hot jobs in the units under shut down.

(v)

Heat exchangers should be located


perpendicular to the pipe rack on the outer
row to facilitate pulling of tube bundles with
mobile crane or by other means.Shell and
tube heat exchanger should have a
longitudinal clearance of at least one metre
plus the length of removable bundles.

(vi)

Air fin coolers should be installed above the


pipe rack. Pumps handling hydro-carbons
and materials above the temperature of
230 degree C should not be installed
underneath the air fin coolers.

(vii)

Cold boxes should be located on grade or


on separate elevated structures. Adequate
space should be provided around cold
boxes for ease of operation and
maintenance.

(viii) Vessels having large liquid hold-up should


be installed at lower heights and preferably
at grade. Adequate drainage should be
provided around such vessels. Where
process requirement dictates their installation above grade, these should be located
in open area.
(ix)

Towers/columns should be located along


the pipe rack towards open areas for
unobstructed
erection
as
well
as
maintenance of internals at grade. Tall
towers require frequent operating attention
at upper levels. Hence they may be located
at one place so that common connecting
platform can be provided.

(x)

Thermo-siphon reboilers should preferably


be placed close to their associated towers.
Reboiler should be mounted on the tower
so that vertical expansion will be uniform,
piping system design is simplified and
inlet/outlet piping is minimised. Clearance
shall be provided for movement between
reboiler and tower.

(xi)

Gas compressors should be located down


wind from heaters so that leaked gases will
not drift towards the heater. Gas
compressors should have roofing and open
from sides to avoid accumulation of heavier
vapours/gases on the floor of compressor
house. Compressor house should be
located near the battery limits to facilitate
ease in maintenance and operation.

(xii)

Heaters should be located up wind at one


corner of the unit. Space should be
provided for removal and cleaning of
heater tubes besides approach for crane.
Areas around the heaters shall be graded
for guiding spills away from process
equipment. FD fans shall be located away
from process equipment from where they
arelikely to suck hydrocarbon vapours.
The local control panel for soot blower
control and flue gas analyser shall only be
located on and near the process heater.
The rest of controls shall be taken to
central control room.

(xiii)

No other tankage except day tanks shall be


provided within battery limits of any
process unit.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

15

(xiv) Flare knock out drum of the closed blow


down system should be located at battery
limit of the unit.
(xv)

towards outside. Doors should be made of


fire proof material.

Blow down facilities/burried drum shall be


located at one corner of the plant farthest
from furnace or any fired equipment and on
the lee-ward side of the unit.

(ii)

Control room should be designed to cater


for minimum occupancy.

(iii)

Transformers should be located in open


area on the rear side of sub-station.Each
transformer shall be isolated from the other
by a brick masonary wall. Approach road to
sub-station and transformer bays should be
provided to facilitate crane movement for
erection and maintenance.

(iv)

Electrical sub-station should be located


adjacent to the control room building and
should meet the requirements of electrical
area classification.

Vent from Blow down facility shall be


minimum 6m clear off the air fin coolers. It
shall be minimum 6m above the highest
platform if horizontal distance of 15m from
process equipment is not possible.
6.1.2 CONTROL ROOM AND SUB-STATION
(i)

Control room should be located distinctly in


the process block or in the adjoining block.
It should be at a safe distance where
protection to instruments and personnel is
ensured and non-hazardous electrical area
classification is permitted. It should have
alternate means of exit with doors opening

6.2

EQUIPMENT
UNITS

SPACING

WITHIN

PROCESS

Interdistances between various equipments in


process units shall be as per Table-2.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

TABLE-2
MINIMUM INTERDISTANCES BETWEEN EQUIPMENTS WITHIN PROCESS UNIT
This table could be used by the oil companies as a guideline for their projects. These could be suitably modified as required to suit space constraints
and relevant engineering practices. NOTE 1

S.No.

From \ To

10

11

1.

Fired heaters/
any fired equip.

15

15

15 22.5

15

15

20

15

15

15 16/30

2.

Reactors

15

15

3.

Distillation
columns

15

7.5

15

4.

Accumulators
(Hydrocarbon)

15

15

5.

Gas compressors 22.5


(Hydrocarbon)

7.5

7.5

15

7.5

6.

Hot oil transfer


pumps

15

7.5

7.51

7.

Fuel Oil Day tank

15

15

15

15

15

7.5

8.

Pump for Class A & 20


all products above
auto-ignition temp.

7.5

9.

Pumps - other
Hydrocarbon

15

10. Heat ExchangerHydrocarbon

15

11.

15

16/30

Air Fin CoolersHydrocarbon

12. Control room


13. Snuffing/purging
steam isolation
valve

14. Fired heaters


control panel (local)

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19 20

15

18

15

30

15

15

16

15

15

15

15

20

15

15

15

15

20

15

15

15

15

7.5

7.5

7.5

16

15

15

20

15

7.5

16

15

15

15

15-

15

15

15

15

16

15

15

15

15

15

15

16

15

15

15

15

7.5

15

16

15

15

15

15

7.5

15

16

15

15

15

15

7.5

15

16

15

15

15

15

16

20

20

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

20

16

16

16

16

15

16

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

20

10

15

15

15
-

15 5

Contd....

18

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

TABLE - 2 (Contd...)
S.No.

From \ To

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19 20

15. Pressure Vessel/


Drums
(Hydrocarbon)

18

15

16

10

15

15

15

16. Fire water


hydrants/monitors

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

16

15

15

15

18. Blow down facility


(pumps, drums,
stacks)

30

15

15

15

20

15

15

15

15

15

15

16

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

19. Water spray


Deluge valve

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

20. Structural main


(Technological
platforms)

15

7.5

15

16

15

17. Pipe rack (main)

Notes:
1.
2.
3.

All distances are face to face clear minimum distances in meters.


Distance between equipments not covered herein & equipments handling non-hydrocarbons shall be as per good engineering practices.
From control room to heater, safe distance shall be 16m if the control room is for one unit and shall be 30m, if it is for two units. For gas
processing plants, it shall be 30m irrespective of whether the control room is for one or more units.
4.
Distances between the reactor and furnace when directly connected process-wise, can be relaxed to 5m.
5.
Only distances indicated from fired heaters (1) Fuel oil day tank (7), Control room (12), Fired heater local control panel (14), Fire water
hydrant/monitor (16), Blow down facility (18) and water spray deluge valve (19) are by safety considerations. Other distances indicated are
recommended from erection, operation and maintenance safe guards.
6.
The local control panel meant for soot blower control & fuel gas analyser shall only be located on and near the process firedheater. The rest of
controls shall be taken to central control room.
7.
Safety distances as per preceeding Table-2 for blow down facilities are for open pit location. If the blow down drum is located underground, the
distance from fired heater shall be reduced from 30m to 15m.
8.
Steam snuffing/purging valve shall be located minimum 15m from only those equipments which are served bythe steam valve.
9.
Fuel Oil day tanks shall be located at a safe distance of 15m from equipment except those facilities such as heat exchanger, pump connected
directly with the Fuel Oil system. (Refer Table-5 for interdistance between tanks).
10. Distance between fired heater and distillation column shall be increased to 22.5m in case of light ends such as Naphtha stabiliser.
11.
Minimum distances between equipment shall not be applicable for package items and their related appertenances.

7.0

LAYOUT OF STORAGE TANKS

7.1

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

(i)

DYKED ENCLOSURES
(a)

high shall have not less than 0.6 meter


wide flat section on top. Note 2

Petroleum storage tanks shall be located in


dyked enclosures with roads all around the
enclosure. Aggregate capacity of tanks
located in one dyked enclosure shall not
exceed following values :
For a group of
floating roof tanks
For a group of
fixed roof tanks

: 120,000 cu.m.

(f)

Pump stations should be located outside


dyke areas by the side of roads.

(g)

Tanks located overhead for process


considerations shall meet safety distance
and shall also have dyked enclosure of
RCC construction and provided with drain
valves at suitable height for easy operation.

(ii) GROUPING
(a)

Grouping of petoleum products for storage


shall be based on the product classification. Class "A" and/or class "B" petroleum can be stored in the same dyked
enclosure. Class "C" petroleum should
preferably be stored in separate enclosure.
However, where class "C" petroleum is
stored in a common dyke along with class
"A" and/or class "B" petroleum, all safety
stipulations applicable for class "A" and/ or
class "B" respectively shall apply.

(b)

Excluded petroleum shall be stored in a


separate dyked enclosure and shall not
be stored along with class A, B or C
petroleum.

(c)

Tanks shall be arranged in maximum two


rows so that each tank is approachable
from the road surrounding the enclosure.
However, tanks having 50,000 cu.m
capacity and above shall be laid in single
row.

: 60,000 cu.m.

If a group of tanks contains both fixed and


floating roof tanks, thenit shall be treated
as a group of fixed roof tanks for the
purpose of above limits.
(b)

Dyked enclosure should be able to contain


the complete contents of the largest tank in
the tank farm in case of any emergency.
Enclosure capacity shall be calculated after
deducting the volume of tanks (other than
the largest tank) upto the height of the
enclosure. A free board of 200 mm above
the calculated liquid level shall be
considered for fixing the height of the dyke.
However, for excluded petroleum, the
capacity of the dyked enclosure should be
based on spill containment but not for
containment on tank rupture.

(c)

(d)

(e)

The height of tank enclosure dyke shall be


at least one metre and shall not be more
than 2.0 m above average grade level
inside. However, for excluded Petroleum,
the minimum height of dyke wall shall be
600 mm.

(iii)

In a dyked enclosure where more than one tank is


located, fire walls of 600mm should be provided
as explained below:

Interdistance between the nearest tanks


located in two dykes shall be equivalent to
the largest tank diameter or 30m, whichever is more.
The tank or tanks shall be supported on
well designed foundations and shall be
either buried underground or installed in
the open and surrounded by wall or
embankment not more than two meter high
and made of earth, concrete or solid
masonry capable of withstanding fully
hydrostatic load. Earth wall of over 1 meter

FIRE WALLS

(iv)

(a)

Any tank having a diameter more than 30m


should be separated with fire walls from
other tank.

(b)

Fire walls should be provided by limiting


the aggregate capacity of each group of
tanks within, to 20,000 cu.m.

GENERAL
(a)

The tank height shall not exceed one and


half times the diameter of the tank or 20m
whichever is less.

20
(b)

(c)
(d)

7.2

Piping from/to any tank located in a single


dyked enclosure should not pass through
any other dyked enclosure. Piping
connected to tanks should run directly to
outside of dyke to the extent possible to
minimise piping within the enclosures.
No fire water/foam ring main shall pass
through dyked enclosure.

(ii)

Inter distances shall be as given in Table-4


for tanks storing class "A" and class "B"
petroleum products with total storage
capacity exceeding 5000 cu.m

(iii)

Interdistances between tanks and fencing


shall be as given in Table-6 for tanks
storing Class "A", Class "B" and Class "C"
petroleum products with total storage
capacity of class "A" and class "B"
petroleum stored exceeding 5000 cu.m

(iv)

Interdistances between tanks storing


excluded petroleum will not be governed by
Table-3 and 4 and should be decided on
construction, operation and maintenance
requirements.

The minimum distance between a tank


shell and the inside toe of the dyke wall
shall not be less than one half the height of
the tank.

INTERDISTANCES BETWEEN TANKS / OFFSITE FACILITIES

The following stipulations shall apply for the inter


distances for above ground tanks storing petroleum:
(i)

class "A" and "B" petroleum products with


total storage capacity not exceeding 5000
cu.m at one installation.

Inter distances shall be as given in Table-3


for tanks storing class "C" petroleum; or

TABLE - 3 (NOTE1)
INTERDISTANCES BETWEEN TANKS/OFFSITE FACILITIES
(For small installations)
S.No.

From \ To

10

11

12
15

13

1.

Storage tank for


petroleum class A

0.5 D

0.5 D
or 6

0.5 D
or 6

15

15

15

15

2.

Storage tank for


petroleum class B

0.5 D
or 6

0.5 D

0.5 D
or 6

0.5 D

0.5 D

4.5

4.5

4.5

3.

Storage tank for


petroleum class C

0.5 D
or 6

0.5 D
or 6

0.5 D

4.5

0.5 D
min.3

0.5 D
min.3

4.

Storage / filling shed


for petroleum class A

4.5

5.

Storage / filling shed


for petroleum class B

0.5 D

0.5 D

4.5

1.5

4.5

4.5

1.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

6.

Storage / filling shed


for petroleum class C

0.5 D

1.5

4.5

3 3

7.

Tank vehicle loading /


unloading area for
petroleum class A

15

8.

Tank vehicle loading/


unloading area for
petroleum class B

15

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

1.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

9.

Tank vehicle loading/


unloading area for
petroleum class C

15

4.5

4.5

4.5

33

1.5

1.5

10. Flame-proof electric


motors

15

D
D
min.4.5 min.4.5

Contd...

22

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

TABLE - 3 (Contd...)
S.No.

10

11

12

13

Non-flameproof
electric motors

15

4.5

4.5

4.5

12. Office building, stores,


amenities etc. within
installation

15

D
min. 4.5

0.5 D
min. 3

4.5

4.5

13. Boundary fencing


around installation

15

D
min. 4.5

0.5 D
min. 3

4.5

4.5

11.

From \ To

Notes:
1.

All distances are in metres.

2.

Above table is applicable for installations where


i) Only petroleum class C is stored.
ii) The total quantity of petroleum class A and class B stored above ground in bulk does not exceed 5000 cu.m.
iii) The diameter of any tank storing petroleum class A or petroleum class B does not exceed 9m.

3.

Interdistances given for tanks are shell to shell in the same dyke.

4.

All distances shall be measured between the nearest point on the perimeter of each facility except in the case of tank vehicle
loading/unloading area where the distance shall be measured from the centre of each bay.

5.

Where alternate distances are stipulated, maximum thereof shall be observed.

6.

Notation :
"D"

diameter of the tank

(-)

a distance suitable for constructional and operational convenience.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

TABLE - 4
INTERDISTANCES BETWEEN STORAGE TANKS/OFFSITE FACILITIES
S.No.

From \ To

1.

Storage tank for petroleum


class A

T5

T5

T5

15

15

15

15

15

2.

Storage tank for petroleum


class B

T5

T5

T5

15

15

15

15

15

3.

Storage tank for petroleum


class C

T5

T5

T5

15

4.

Storage / filling shed for


petroleum class A or
class B

15

15

15

15

15

15

5.

Storage/filling shed for


petroleum class C

15

15

6.

Tank vehicle loading/


unloading area for
petroleum class A or B

15

15

15

15

7.

Tank vehicle loading/


unloading area for
petroleum class C

15

15

15

8.

Flame proof electric pump


motor

9.

Non-flame proof electric


pump motor

15

15

15

15

Notes :
1.

All distances are in metres.

2.

Above table is applicable for installations where total quantity of petroleum class A and class B stored above
ground in bulk exceeds 5000 cu.m or where the diameter of any such tank for the storage of petroleum exceeds 9
m.

3.

All distances shall be measured between the nearest points on the perimeter of each facility except in the case of
tank vehicle loading/unloading area where the distance shall be measured from the centre of each bay.

4.

Notation:

5.

(-)

any distance suitable for constructional or operational convenience.

T5

Table-5 shall be referred.

This table is applicable for class C petroleum storage also alongwith class A & B petroleum as per limits specified
under note-2 above.

24

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

TABLE - 5
INTERDISTANCES BETWEEN STORAGE TANKS

Sl.
No.

Item

Floating Roof
Tanks

Fixed Roof
Tanks (Class
A & B Petroleum

Class C
Petroleum

1.

All tanks with diameters


upto 50 metres

(D + D) / 4

(D + d) / 4

(D + d) / 6

2.

All tanks with diameters


exceeding 50 metres

(D + d) / 4

(D + d) / 3

(D + d) / 4

Notes :
1.

This table is applicable for installations where aggregate storage capacity of class A and class B
petroleum stored above grade exceeds 5000 cu.m. or where the diameter of any such tank for the storage
of petroleum exceeds 9 m.

2.

Distances given are shell to shell in the same dyke.

3.

Notation:
D diameter of larger tank in metres
d

diameter of smaller tank in metres

4.

If the interdistance (for class A & B) calculated as above are less than 15m,then minimum of 15m or 0.5
D or d shall be followed.

5.

Interdistance between class A/B storage tanks and classC storage tanks shall not be less than 6 metres.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

25

TABLE - 6 (NOTE1)
DISTANCES FROM BOUNDARY FENCING

S.No.

Installation

Minimum Distance
from Boundary
fencing around
Installation

1.

Storage tank for Petroleum Class A

**

2.

Storage tank for Petroleum Class B

**

3.

Storage tank for Petroleum Class C

**

4.

Storage/filling shed for Petroleum


Class A or Class B

15

5.

Storage/filling shed for Petroleum


Class C

10

6.

Tank vehicle loading/unloading area


for class A & B petroleum

20

7.

Tank vehicle loading/unloading area


for class C petroleum

10

Notes :
1.

All distances are in metres.

2.

This table is applicable for facilities in an installation where total quantity of petroleum class A & B stored
above ground in bulk exceeds 5000 cu.m. or where the diameter of any such tank for the storage of
petroleum exceeds 9 m.

3.

Notation:
"D" diameter of larger tank in metres.

4.

**

Above table is based on the assumption that property beyond the boundary line is either protected or
adequate green belt is provided as a safety buffer where no structure exists. Property beyond property line
is deemed protected if it is within the jurisdiction of public Fire Brigade or plant's own Fire Brigade.

(I) Distance from Floating roof tank to boundary fencing for stable and boil-over
protection for exposure shall be D/2 (minimum 20m).

liquids, having

(ii) For tanks with weak roof-to-shell joint :


The above distance shall be D/2 (minimum 20m) for tanks having approved foam or inerting
system and the tank diameter not exceeding 50m.

26

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

8.0

LAYOUT OF LPG FACILITIES

8.1

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

27

position, as otherwise evaporation


spilled LPG may get affected.
(c)

There shall not be any depressions, large


ditches and low lying areas around LPG
storage as the leaked gas can accumulate,
being heavier than air. Top surface of the
vessels installed in a group should be on
the same plane so that safety blowout from
one vessel does not affect the other vessel.
This will also minimise the chances of
overfilling of adjoining vessels due to
gravitation.

(d)

A typical layout plan of LPG sphere area


with major safety requirements of distances, drainage sump, pump station location
etc. is enclosed at Annexure-1 for general
guidance.

8.1.1 LPG STORAGE


(i)

GROUPING
Vessels shall be arranged into groups each
having a maximum of six vessels. Capacity of
each group shall be limited to 15000 cu.m. Each
group shall be provided with a curb wall.
Any vessel in one group shall be separated from
a vessel in another group by a minimum distance
of 30m.
Spheres and bullets shall be treated as separate
groups with 30m safety distance between two
groups. Separate dedicated manifold shall be
provided for each group.

ii)

(iii)

8.1.2 LPG BOTTLING


(i)

LOCATION
(a)

Longitudinal axes of horizontal vessels


(Bullets) should not point towards other
vessels, vital process equipments and
control room.

(b)

Storage vessels should be located down


wind of process units, important buildings
and facilities.

(c)

LPG storage vessels shall not be located


within the same dykes where other
flammable liquid hydrocarbons are stored.

(d)

Storage vessels shall be laid out in single


row both in case of the spheres and bullets.
Storage vessels shall not be stacked one
above the other.

LOCATION
LPG bottling facilities should be located at a safe
distance from other facilities with minimum
ingress to trucking traffic and downwind to
storage as far as possible.
There shall not be any deep ditches in the
surrounding area to avoid LPG settling.

(ii)

CONSTRUCTION
Bottling section shall be of single storey having
roofing and open from sides for adequate
ventilation so that leaked gas can drift away.
RCC roofing should not be used to the extent
possible.

(iii)

OPERATION
(a)

Stacking areas for empty and filled


cylinders should be located separately.
Cylinders shall be stacked vertically. Filling
machines and testing facilities shall be
organised in sequential manner distinctly in
a separate area.

(b)

Filled LPG cylinders shall not be stored in


the vicinity of cylinders containing other
gases or hazardous substances.
Storage shall be kept on or above grade
and never below grade in cellar or
basement.

SPILLS AND LEAKS


(a)

(b)

Spillage collection shallow sump shall be


located at a distance where the flames
from sump fire will not impinge on the
vessel. This distance shall not be less than
the diameter of the nearest vessel or 15m
whichever is higher. The capacity of the
collection sump shall be as per drawing
enclosed at Annexure-1. However in case
of one sphere, the sump size shall be equal
to layout of two spheres.
Curb wall around the storage tank shall
have a minimum height of 30cm. However
it shall not exceed 60cm at shallow sump

of

(c)

28

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II
(d)

Trucking traffic shall be smooth to avoid


blocking/ obstruction for loading and
unloading of cylinders.

(c)

8.1.3 LPG BULK HANDLING


(i)

LOCATION
(a)

LPG truck loading/unloading station shall


be located in a separate block and shall not
be grouped with other products.
Maximum number of LPG tank lorry bays
shall be restricted to 8 in one group. The
bay should be designed in such a way that
the driver's cabin will be facing the exit
direction and shall have no obstruction.

(b)

(ii)

LPG loading/unloading rail gantries shall be


separated from other rail shunting facilities
by a minimum distance of 50m, except
relating to service for the same gantry.

Rail loading/unloading of LPG should be restricted


to a maximum of half rake, presently capacity of
which is 500 MT. If full rake loading/unloading is
envisaged, this shall be done on two separate rail
gantries having a minimum distance of 50m. In
case of 8 wheeler wagons half rake unloading/
loading capacity shall be 600 MT.

8.2 INTERDISTANCES FOR LPG FACILITIES


Interdistances for LPG facilities shall be as given
in Table-7.

LPG rail loading/unloading station shall be


located on a separate rail spur and shall
not be grouped with other products.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

29

TABLE - 7
INTERDISTANCES FOR LPG FACILITIES
S.No.

From \ To

1.

LPG Storage vessels

T8

30

30

30

15

60

2.

Boundary/property line/
group of buildings, not
associated with LPG plant

T8

30

30

30

30

**

3.

Shed-LPG/Cold repair shed/


cylinder evacuation facilities

30

30

15

30

30

15

60

4.

Tank Wagon Gantry


Tank Truck Gantry

30

30

30

50

50

30

60

5.

Rail spurs

30

30

30

50

50

30

60

6.

Pump house/Comp.
house(LPG)

15

30

15

30

30

60

7.

Fire Pump house

60

**

60

60

60

60

Notes :
1.

All distances are in metres.

2.

Notation:
T8 Refer Table - 8

3.

1/4 of sum of diameters of adjacent vessels or half the diameter of the larger of the two adjacent
vessels whichever is greater.

**

Any distance for operational convenience.

Distance of stabling line shall be as per minimum Railway Standards.

30

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

TABLE - 8 (NOTE1)
INTERDISTANCES BETWEEN LPG STORAGE VESSELS AND
BOUNDARY / PROPERTY LINE / GROUP OF BUILDINGS
NOT ASSOCIATED WITH LPG FACILITIES

Capacity of
Each Vessel
(Cum.M. of water)

Distance

1.

10 - 20

15

2.

21 - 40

20

3.

41. 350

30

4.

351 - 450

40

5.

451 - 750

60

6.

751 - 3800

90

S.No.

Note :
All distances are in metres.

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

9.0

LAYOUT OF UTILITY STATIONS

9.1

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

31
The waste disposal facilities like effluent
channels, land fill areas for disposing off solid
waste etc. should preferably be located by the
side of boundary wall, but down stream of wind
direction so that the foul odour that may be
present at times does not affect the plant
personnel and neighbourhood areas. Locating the
waste disposal facility near the boundary wall also
eliminates the vehicular movement in process
areas in case solid wastes are to be taken out of
installation for disposal.

Boiler House, Air compressors, fuel oil facilities


(for generation of steam) shall be located in separate
block adjoining the process unit blocks. The steam
generation facilities block should preferably include
boiler feed water pump, chemical block for boiler house
etc., which form the integral part of the steam
generation facilities.
The plant air compressors and drying units should
preferably be located in the boiler house unit block. Fuel
oil heating and pumping facilities may also be located
within the boiler house unit block. These may be located
in the boiler house unit block to minimise the spreading
ofvarious utility blocks around the process unit, to
facilitate ease of operation.
( i)

Smoking booths should not be provided in


hydrocarbon industry. However if it is necessary
to provide smoking booths, these should be
located at a safe distance of :
(i)

30m from hydrocarbon source in case of oil


refinery/storage installation.

(ii)

60m from hydrocabon source in case of


LPG/Gas Processing Plants.

9.2

INTERDISTANCES
Interdistances between various utility stations
and other facilities shall be as given in Table-1.

10.0 REFERENCES
1.

OISD-STD-106 on Process Design and


Operating Philosophies on Relief and
Disposal Systems.

2.

OISD-STD-144
Distribution.

3.

NFPA Standard No.30 "Flammable and


Combus-tible Liquids Code".

4.

Petroleum Rules - 1976.

5.

OISD-STD-117on Fire Protection facilities


for Petroleum depots and terminals.

6.

OISD-STD-116 on Fire Protection facilities


for Petroleum Refineries/process plants.

7.

SMPV Rules - 1981.

COOLING TOWERS
Cooling towers should be located away from
process unit area, preferably downstream
direction of wind to avoid corrosion of the
equipments in process areas.

(iii)

SMOKING BOOTHS

ELECTRICAL
Electrical generation facilities should be located
near the process unit block because such
electrical generation units normally supply steam
to the process units e.g. Cogeneration. When
external power grid is interconnected with plant
power generation facilities, either the power plant
shall be located at the side of boundary wall or
the external power transmission lines shall be
taken underground upto the interconnection grid
inorder to minimise the length of overhead
transmission lines within the plant.

(ii)

iv)

WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES


Separate collection system should be provided for
different types of waste generated in the process
plant such as oily water, cooling tower blowdown,
caustic and acidic effluents, sludge, fecal etc.

on

LPG

Bottling

and

32

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II
ANNEXURE - 1

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

33

34

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

NOTES

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

35

NOTES

36

OISD-STD-118 Revision - II

NOTES

"OISD hereby Expressly Disclaims any liability or Responsibilities for Loss or Damage Resulting from the use of the OISD Standards/Guidelines."