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NEWSLETTER

OHCHR MADAGASCAR

Office of the United Nations


Resident Coordinator
United Nations Country Team

4th Edition - May 2015

ASSISTING THE GOVERNMENT IN SUBSTANTIALLY INCREASING ITS HUMAN RIGHTS


ACHIEVEMENTS AHEAD OF ITS FIRST 100 DAYS
The current fourth edition of the UNCT/OHCHR Newsletter is produced in a very specific humanitarian, political,
social, and economic, security and human rights context. The last few months have been marked by the dramatic
combination of plague, famine and floods. A new wave of widespread social protests staged by public and private
sectors workers as well as students was observed across the country. The urbanization of the mob justice phenomenon coupled with the resurgence of the dahalo (zebu raiders) scourge has had a drastic effect on the human
rights situation.
However, the Churches-sponsored and led national reconciliation conference took place and resulted in a number
of recommendations which, according to the 1830 participants, will help consolidate peace and stability and pave
the way for the development of the big island. The holding of the long-awaited municipal elections has reached an
irreversible phase. The current government with UNCTs support has intensified strategies to develop and
implement the National Development Plan, and has stepped up efforts to achieve substantial results ahead of its first 100 days.
On the eve of the first ordinary annual session of the National Assembly in May 2015, the government has committed itself to tabling a series of important draft laws authorizing the president of the republic to ratify a number of
HEADLINES
international, regional and sub-regional conventions including the second protocol
to the international covenant on civil and political rights aiming at the abolition of
The Human Rights Adviser to the Prime Minister explains
death penalty (1989), the UN convention for the protection of all persons from all
Government strategy on Human Rights.
p.2
forms of enforced disappearances (2006), the optional protocol to the convention on
Civil Society Organizations deeply concerned about
the rights of people with disabilities(2006), the option protocol to the convention on
the Human Rights situation.
p.2
the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women( 1999), the optional
Human Rights Education within the Gendarmerie
protocol to the convention against torture (2002), the optional protocol to the interAcademies and the Faculty of Law of the University
national covenant on economic, social and cultural rights (2008), the AU convenof Antananarivo.
p.2
tion for the protection and assistance of the internally displaced people (2009), the
Mainstreaming and protecting Human Rights in the
protocol on the rights of women in Africa (2003), the protocol to the African charter
context of the drastic humanitarian situation.
p.3
on human and people rights establishing the African court and its article 36(6)
3rd edition of the Defense Dialogue
p.3
( 1998), the AU convention on preventing and combating corruption ( 2003), the
Intensifying efforts towards the operationnalization of
African charter on democracy, elections and governance (2007), the convention
the Independent National Human Rights Commission
p.4
governing the specific aspects of refugees in Africa(1969), and the SADC protocol

Further step in the fight against trafficking in persons


p.4
on gender and development(2008).

The Governments concrete measures to fulfill its

The government is also expected to table draft laws on nationality, communication,


commitments to promoting and protecting
torture, proportional representation of women in public affairs, the setting up of a
Human Rights
green court specialized in combating rosewood trafficking.
Adoption of the Malagasy UPR Report

p.4
p.4

I am convinced that the successful completion of these legislative reforms will Empowering Civil Society Organizations in
strengthen the national human rights protection system, as well as the rule of law,
good governance and democratic mechanism, demonstrate that Madagascar is back,
and that the Malagasy government has irreversibly placed human rights at the heart
of its development and national reconciliation agenda. In this regard, the UNCT,
principally the OHCHR will continue to support the government in upholding and
discharging its human rights obligations. The 60 days of the current first ordinary
session of the parliament will be very crucial from a human rights and gender
perspective.

promoting and protecting Human Rights

p.5

UN Human Rights and Gender thematic group in action p5


Towards women participation in the current
national reconciliation process

p.5

Validation of the draft Media Code


p.5
Universal Periodic Review Recommendations ,
March 2015

p.6

Law No. 2014-007 / Independent National Human Rights


Commission

p.7

CSO Press release (05 February 2015)


p.13
CSO Press release (12 March 2015)
p.14
Malagy womens declaration on national reconciliation

Fatma Samoura
UN Resident Coordinator

and peace building

Celebration of the Womens week

p.15
p.16

NEWSLETTER

OHCHR MADAGASCAR

Office of the United Nations


Resident Coordinator
United Nations Country Team

4th Edition - May 2015

THE HUMAN RIGHTS ADVISER TO THE PRIME


MINISTER EXPLAINS GOVERNMENT STRATEGY
ON HUMAN RIGHTS
In Antananarivo, on 25 March, OHCHR carried out its monthly human
rights working group meeting with Technical and Financial Partners
(donors community). The meeting brought together embassies and UN
Agencies representatives. OHCHR briefed the participants on the current human rights, humanitarian and security situation. The Human
Rights Adviser to the Prime Minister was the guest of honor of the
meeting. She made a presentation on the government policy to promote
and protect human rights in Madagascar.

HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION WITHIN THE


GENDARMERIE ACADEMIES AND
THE FACULTY OF LAW OF THE UNIVERSITY OF
ANTANANARIVO .
Further significant steps for the institutionalization of Human Rights education have been made. In Antananarivo, on 4 March, the Human Rights
Adviser, on behalf of the UN Resident Coordinator/UNCT, and the Secretary of State in charge of the national Gendarmerie officially signed a
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on the integration of human

(from left to right,) the General PAZA Didier, Secretary of State in charge of the
National Gendarmerie, Mr. Omer KALAMEU, Human Rights Adviser./UNCT

rights modules into the curricula of the gendarmerie academies. The


UNCT principally the OHCHR will provide technical assistance and human rights trainings for gendarmes, and support the creation of a human
rights and peace resources center within the gendarmerie academy. It can
be recalled that in Antsirabe (160 km south of Antananarivo) a similar
MOU was signed between the UNCT and the General Commander of the
Antsirabe Military Academy (ACMIL).

CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS DEEPLY


CONCERNED ABOUT THE HUMAN RIGHTS
SITUATION

On 16 April, a MOU was also signed between the UNCT and the Faculty
of Law of the University of Antananarivo on the reinforcement of Human
Rights modules into the curricula of the Faculty as well as on the establishment of a Human Rights resources center which is supported by
OHCHR Regional Office of Southern Africa. The Resource Centre aims
at giving free access to OHCHR publications to human rights professionals, researchers, civil society and the public at large. The Resource Centre
will also serve as
de facto reference library for
official OHCHR
publications.

On 23 March, OHCHR organized its monthly meeting with civil society organizations (CSOs). 35 leaders of civil society organizations
including 21 women participated in the meeting. Participants took
stock of the current human rights, humanitarian and security situation.
They expressed deep concern over the absence of women in the current reconciliation process, the proliferation of leading actors of the
national reconciliation, the resurgence of the dahalo phenomenon, the
delay in the adoption of the legal framework of the upcoming municipal elections, the cases of sexual exploitation of children as well as the
exclusion of women in the response to the current humanitarian situation. At the end of the meeting, CSOs adopted a press release in which
their recommended inter alia the increased, significant and effective
participation of women in the current reconciliation process and in the
response to the humanitarian situation, the adoption by May 2015 of
the SADC protocol on gender and development, the Maputo protocol
on women rights in Africa as well as the gender parity law, ahead of
the upcoming municipal elections in July 2015.

Signing ceremony
at the University of
Antananarivo.

areas have left schools. In reaction to the overall humanitarian situation,


the Prime Minister subsequently launched an appeal for international support to Madagascar.Official sources also revealed that, malaria have killed
20 children in the locality of Farafangana (650 km southeast of Antananarivo). The same sources added that victims of plague have alarmingly
increased to 71 cases since September 2014. On 27 February, given the
scale of the situation, the Prime Minister declared the status of national
disaster, while launching a new call for international assistance.

Office of the United Nations


Resident Coordinator
United Nations Country Team
MAINSTREAMING AND PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE
DRASTIC HUMANITARIAN SITUATION
National disasters principally the combination of the two cyclones
(Chedza and Fundi) and the drought in the south have affected the
overall human rights situation. In the aftermath of these two cyclones,
according to the National Bureau for Risk and Disaster Management
(BNGRC), as of 28 February, 173.970 people including 41.374 IDPs
have been affected by the tropical storm Chedza. The number of casualties has increased to 78
people.
With regard to
the Fundi, the
Malagasy Red
cross revealed
that
so
far
30.179
people
have been affected including
4.272 IDPs and
6 civilians have
died and 31 have been injured in the south principally in the districts
of Toliara I, Toliara II and Morombe. On 27-28 February, in the region of Antananarivo, at least 14 people have died and 30.000 affected
and relocated in connection with the floods. As of 3March, the National Bureau of Risks and Disasters Management reported a toll of 20
deaths, 71.854 victims, and 38.498 IDPs nationwide. The region of
Analamanga was the most affected with 19 deaths, 46,836 victims
almost half is located in Antananarivo Atsimondrano (south of the
capital).

OHCHR continuously ensured that human rights principles and standards


are upheld in the humanitarian response to these natural disasters by encouraging humanitarian actors (government and NGOs) to combating the
proliferation of unofficial IDPs sites, to providing gender segregated data,
to building latrines in all relocation sites, to ensuring that all relocation
sites are equally, qualitatively and quantitatively provided with humanitarian assistance, to building and creating child-friendly relocation sites, to
paying special attention to women and girls needs as well as to conducting
study impact of these natural disasters on women and children.

3rd EDITION OF THE DEFENSE DIALOGUE


On 19-20 March, at the auditorium of the Military Academy of Antsirabe, OHCHR participated in the 3rd edition of the Defense Dialogue (an international platform of dialogue on defense issues) under
the theme: Considering transnational threats for improving security at
Malagasy borders. On behalf of the UN Resident Coordinator,
OHCHR made a presentation on Response to transnational threats and
human rights highlighting the importance of upholding human rights
principles and standards in addressing and combating transnational
threats as well the role of the UN in combating these threats.

In the southern regions of


the country,
local populations
have
been facing
s e v e r e
drought conditions.
A
governmental
-led
joint
assessment
mission composed of Ministries of population and social protection,
health, the BNGRC, the National Office of Nutrition (ONN), Action
Against Hunger (ACF), OCHA, UNICEF and WFP revealed that in
the southern regions at least 200.000 people, including 40.000 children
under 5 years were starving and 5 to 10 people have died of famine.
The most affected regions are Androy regions (particularly in Ambovombe, Tsihombe, Beloha, and Bekily) and the Anosy region
(AmboasaryAtsimo) as well as the Atsimo Andrefana region. The
Ministry of education added that 54.000 students in the affected

More than 400 civilians and military students participated in the forum,
in the presence of the Minister of Defense, the regional Chief, the army
chief of Staff, the commander of the Military academy, the city mayor
as well as some members of the diplomatic corps.
Editor in Chief
Fatma Samoura
UN Resident Coordinator
Editor
Omer Kalameu
Human Rights Adviser
Writers
Tovohery RAZAKAMANANA
Volahery ANDRIAMANANTENASOA

Designers
Volahery ANDRIAMANANTENASOA
Raj HASSANALY

THE GOVERNMENTS CONCRETE MEASURES TO


FULFILL ITS COMMITMENTS TO PROMOTING
AND PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS

Office of the United Nations


Resident Coordinator
United Nations Country Team
INTENSIFYING EFFORTS TOWARDS THE
OPERATIONNALIZATION OF THE INDEPENDENT NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS
COMMISSION
Within the framework of its activities in support of the operationalization of the Independent National Human Rights Commission (INHRC),
during the month under review, OHCHR carried out two sensitization
and consultative workshops for the benefit of the members of the council of the national bar association and the Association of journalists.
Sessions focused on the law establishing the INHRC as well as the role
of the journalists and barristers in promoting and protecting human
rights. It is worth mentioning that in line with article 6 of the law on
INHRC, the association of journalists and the bar association will elect
amongst them one commissioner. Consultative and sensitization workshops on the INHRC will also be carried for the benefit of other entities
tasked with electing the leadership of the INHRC, including the National assembly, the leadership of the academia and human rights
NGOs.

During OHCHR meeting with the Prime Minister to stake stock of the
human rights, political humanitarian and security situation, and discuss
OHCHR and government priorities in the areas of human rights and rule
of law. The Prime Minister announced the appointment of a special adviser in charge of human rights within his office. She will be serving as
interface between the UNCT and the government on human rights issues.
The Prime Minister reiterated governments commitment to promoting
and protecting human rights. He announced the adoption of the national
action plan to combat human trafficking, the setting up of a national office to fight against human trafficking, the reactivation of the adoption
process of the plan for the reintegration of ex-dahalos as well as the signing of the decree appointing members of the ad hoc commission tasked
with drafting the budget of the independent national human rights commission (INHRC) as prescribed by article 31 of the law establishing the
INHRC.
Moreover, the government will be tabling a number of draft laws before
the parliament, including the media code, the law against torture and the
nationality code. The newly appointed adviser will ensure that human

The Prime Minister instructed the Minister of Finance to identify and


make available a public building for the INHRC. In line with article 31
of the law on INHRC, the Government has set up an adhoc committee
tasking with programming the budget of the INHRC. The adhoc committee is composed of representatives from the ministries of justice,
foreign affairs, finance and the prime ministers office.
Following OHCHRs advocacy, two representatives of the Civil Society
Organizations were appointed to participate in the committees with
consultative power.
(from left to right) Mrs. Josiane RALAIVAO ARISOA, Human Rights Adviser to
the Prime Minister, Mr. Omer KALAMEU, Human Rights Adviser to UNCT, HE
Mr. Jean RAVELONARIVO, Prime Minister.

FURTHER STEP IN THE FIGHT AGAINST


TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS

rights standards and principles are integrated and upheld in the current
humanitarian response, as well as to speed the completion and adoption
of the implementation and operationalization plan of recommendations
issued by international and regional human rights mechanisms.

The Malagasy Government reaffirmed its commitment to combating


trafficking in persons by taking two important decisions including the
adoption of the national plan against trafficking in persons on 5 March
as well as the signing of the 2015-269 decree establishing the National
Bureau to fight against human trafficking in application of article 48
of the law 2014-040 against human trafficking. The five-year national
action plan (2015-2019) encompasses four strategic axis including
prevention, protection and support to victims of human trafficking,
prosecution as well as cooperation. Despite these positive measures,
cases of human trafficking have remained unabated. In Antananarivo,
on 2 March, the national police has discovered 82 passports of Malagasy workers who were about to fly to Saudi Arabia, Libya and Kuwait, despite the suspension of workers exportation decided by the
Government in August 2013. Eight people including seven women
were arrested and 4 were transferred to the Antanimora/ Antananarivo
prison awaiting trial.

ADOPTION OF THE MALAGASY


UINIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW (UPR)
REPORT
In Geneva, on 19 March, the Malagasy UPR report was adopted during
the 28th session of the UN Human Rights Council. Only 1 recommendation (the ratification of the third optional protocol to the convention on
the rights of the child allowing the Committee on the rights of the child to
receive complainants from individuals or groups of individuals against
states that have ratified the instrument) out the 21 pending was rejected
by the Malagasy delegation. As of 19 March, Madagascar has accepted a
total of 159 UPR recommendations (see page 06).

UN HUMAN RIGHTS AND GENDER THEMATIC


GROUP IN ACTION
Office of the United Nations
Resident Coordinator
United Nations Country Team
EMPOWERING CIVIL SOCIETY
ORGANIZATIONS IN PROMOTING
AND PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS
As part of its capacity-building activities, from February to March,
in Antananarivo, Tamatave (400 km east of Antananarivo) and
Antsiranana (1.250 km North of Antananarivo), respectively, OHCHR organized three workshops on human
rights monitoring, documentation investigations and reporting techniques
for the benefit of 74 NGO leaders (29
in Antananarivo including 22 women,
25 in Tamatave including 15 women
and 23 in Antsiranana including 19
women). Modules covered included
Introduction to human rights and international mechanisms for the protection
of human rights, national mechanisms
for the protection of human rights,
monitoring of sexual violence presented by UNFPA and human rights
monitoring, documentation, investigations and Reporting techniques as well as assistance to victims
presented by OHCHR. At the end of the workshop, participants
committed themselves to intensifying their human rights monitoring and reporting activities principally in the context of the current
humanitarian and security situation. A number of international
instruments pertaining to human rights (Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, African Charter on human rights and people, Ouagadougou Protocol on the creation of the African Court on human
rights and people, UN Declaration on human rights defenders)
were also distributed to all participants.
Ensuing to these workshops, Women associations in Antsiranana
who have set-up their Human-rights defenders platform further to
first OHCHR workshop, have decided to open such platform to the
whole local Civil Society network, whereas NGOs in Tamatave and
Moramanga have set-up the East region human rights defenders
network with a dedicated action plan.

TOWARDS WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN THE CURRENT NATIONAL RECONCILIATION PROCESS


OHCHR met with FFM and FFKM leadership to exchange on the
current reconciliation process. OHCHR observed that FFM and
FFKM have embarked upon regional consultations across the country. FFM is in the process of drafting a national reconciliation plan,
a reparation law and the legal framework for the national solidarity
funds to be set up according to the roadmap. FFM requested UNCT
support to this drafting process. OHCHR urged FFM and FFKM to
place women at the heart of the national reconciliation agenda by
inter alia ensuring their increased, significant and effective participation and representation.

This year, OHCHR is chairing the UN Human rights and Gender thematic
group. The group is mainly dedicated to fostering and facilitating UN joint
initiatives for Gender and Human rights promotion and protection. During its
last meeting, participants looked back over the current human rights and humanitarian situation and drafted the agenda for the celebration of the womens
rights week which has been successfully implemented. The group also brainstormed on the UNCT contribution to Madagascar evaluation report on the
second phase (2010-2014) of the world programme for human rights education and served as focal points for each agency.
Workshop on human rights monitoring, documentation investigations
and reporting techniques in Antsiranana on 09 April 2015

VALIDATION OF THE DRAFT MEDIA CODE


In Antsirabe (160km south of Antananarivo) on 25-27 March and in Mahajanga (600 km west of Antananarivo) on 1-3 April, OHCHR participated in
regional workshops on the consolidation of recommendations for the finalization of the draft Media Code, organized by the Ministry of Communication in
partnership with UNESCO, UNICEF, UNIC UNDP and OHCHR. The later
continued to ensure that the draft Media code is in line with international standards and norms pertaining to human rights and freedom of expression. A
final national validation workshop was held in Antananarivo on 8 April before
its submission
to the Council
of
Government. It is
worth recalling
that the draft
Media
Code
will be tabled
before the parliament during
its first ordinary session in
May.

Closing ceremony of the workshop in Mahajanga with


representatives of the Ministry of communication, the
Region office and UNESCO .

HIGHLIGHTS

Office of the United Nations


Resident Coordinator
United Nations Country Team

Recommandations issues de lExamen Priodique Universel (EPU)


acceptes par Madagascar en Mars 2015 *
1.

Ratifier les instruments juridiques internationaux sur les droits de lhomme auxquels Madagascar nest pas
encore partie ;

2.

Intensifier davantage les efforts visant assurer un accs quitable la sant et lducation pour tous;

3.

Prendre des mesures urgentes autant que ncessaires pour rsoudre la surpopulation carcrale ;

4.

Dpnaliser le dlit de presse, abolir les lois sur la diffamation et prendre toutes les mesures complmentaires pour assurer, dans la lgislation et en pratique, un environnement sain et favorable aux journalistes ;

5.

Entamer des tapes concrtes pour protger et promouvoir la libert dexpression et la libert de la presse
conformment la feuille de route pour la sortie de crise ;

6.

Avoir un dialogue rgulier avec les dfenseurs des droits de lhomme sur un mme pied dgalit que ces
derniers ;

7.

Accrotre les efforts visant fournir un environnement sain pour les journalistes, les dfenseurs des droits
de lhomme et les autres acteurs de la socit civile ;

8.

Abolir les restrictions relatives la capacit des journalistes critiquer librement le Gouvernement sans
peur de reprsailles en mettant jour le code de la communication de 1990, et la Commission Spciale sur
la Communication Audio-Visuelle ;

9.

Prendre toutes les mesures ncessaires, incluant une assistance matrielle et des programmes dappui aux
familles, afin de sassurer que toutes les personnes, notamment les enfants aient un niveau de vie adquat,
y compris laccs leau potable et lassainissement.

10.

Fournir plus de ressources pour assurer un accs universel leau potable et lassainissement, plus particulirement dans les zones rurales ;

11.

Augmenter les investissements dans le cadre du systme de sant pour assurer un accs abordable et universel aux services de sant essentiels;

12.

Raliser progressivement le droit la sant au maximum des ressources disponibles en sassurant un accs
gal et non discriminatoire tous, y compris aux femmes et aux enfants, des soins de sant communautaires faible cot et le respect de ce droit par tous, dont les leaders traditionnels ainsi que toutes autres
parties prenantes ;

13.

Relever lge dachvement de lenseignement obligatoire en vue daborder le problme de travail des
enfants, et sassurer que lenseignement primaire soit gratuit pour tous ;

14.

Mettre en uvre des mesures sociales pour aborder la situation des enfants qui ne frquentent pas lcole
et promouvoir leurs droits ;

15.

Prendre les mesures appropries pour sassurer que lenseignement primaire soit entirement gratuit ;

16.

Mettre en uvre un Plan dducation national incluant un plan sectoriel rvis pour lducation ayant des
allocations budgtaires assurant la priorit un enseignement de qualit et gratuit pour tous ;

17.

Continuer renforcer les efforts en supportant les enfants vulnrables et les moins privilgis achever
leurs tudes ;

18.

Allouer un budget suffisant au systme ducatif pour que les enfants, notamment les plus vulnrables,
aient accs lenseignement ;

19.

Aborder le problme de marginalisation dont souffrent les personnes vivant avec handicap au sein de la
socit, notamment les enfants et les filles en ce qui concerne lemploi, lducation et le droit fondamental
daccs aux btiments publics.

20.

Mettre en place une stratgie nationale sur les droits des personnes vivant avec handicap.

* Les 139 recommandations mises en Novembre 2014 ont t publies dans la Newsletter du mois de Janvier 2015.

HIGHLIGHTS

Office of the United Nations


Resident Coordinator
United Nations Country Team

LOI 2014-007 PORTANT INSTITUTION DE LA COMMISSION NATIONALE INDPENDANTE DES DROITS DE LHOMME
LAssemble Nationale a adopte en sa sance du 19 juin 2014,
LE PRESIDENT DE LA REPUBLIQUE
Vu la Constitution ;
Vu la dcision n 13-HCC/D3 du 16 juillet 2014 de la Haute Cour Constitutionnelle,
PROMULGUE LA LOI DONT LA TENEUR SUIT :
CHAPITRE PRELIMINAIRE
Dispositions gnrales
Article premier- Il est institu un organisme spcialis charg de la promotion et de la protection des Droits de lHomme, dnomm
Commission Nationale Indpendante des Droits de lHomme (CNIDH).
La Commission est un organisme apolitique, indpendant, dot de la personnalit morale, jouissant de lautonomie administrative et
financire.
Le sige de la Commission est bas Antananarivo, capitale de la Rpublique de Madagascar.
Dans son fonctionnement, la Commission nest soumise qu la loi. Aucun organe de lEtat ne peut lui donner des injonctions dans laccomplissement de sa mission.
CHAPITRE PREMIER
Des attributions de la Commission
Art. 2 - La Commission travaille temps plein. Elle est charge de :
1)

promouvoir et protger tous les Droits de lHomme sans exception ;

2)

fournir titre consultatif lExcutif , au Lgislatif , la Cour Suprme et tout autre organe comptent, soit la demande des
autorits concernes, soit en usant de sa facult dauto-saisine, des avis, recommandations, propositions et rapports concernant toute question relative la promotion et la protection des Droits de lHomme;

3)

dans le respect de son indpendance, formuler des avis lExcutif concernant les liberts fondamentales et les Droits de
lHomme, sur les Droits de la femme, de l'enfant, des personnes en situation dhandicap, des personnes ges et de tout autre
groupe vulnrable;

4)

laborer des rapports sur la situation nationale des Droits de lHomme et les liberts fondamentales en gnral, ainsi que sur
des questions plus spcifiques ;

5)

promouvoir et assurer lharmonisation des lois, des rglements et des pratiques nationales avec les instruments sous rgionaux,
rgionaux et internationaux relatifs aux Droits de lHomme, auxquels lEtat malagasy est partie, et veiller leur mise en uvre
effective;

6)

encourager la ratification des instruments rgionaux et internationaux relatifs aux Droits de lHomme ou ladhsion ces textes
et sassurer de leur mise en uvre ;

7)

interpeller lExcutif et ses dmembrements sur les situations de violation des Droits de lHomme dans tout le pays, lui proposer
toute initiative tendant y mettre fin et, le cas chant, mettre un avis sur les positions et ractions des autorits concernes ;

8)

examiner les lois et les rglements en vigueur ainsi que les projets et propositions de loi et faire les observations appropries en
vue de garantir que ces textes soient conformes aux principes fondamentaux des Droits de lHomme; recommander, si ncessaire, ladoption dune nouvelle lgislation, ladaptation de la lgislation et de la rglementation en vigueur, et si besoin est leur
modification;

9)

cooprer avec lOrganisation des Nations Unies et tout autre organisme des Nations unies, les institutions sous rgionales, rgionales ainsi que les institutions nationales dautres pays, comptentes dans les domaines de la promotion et de la protection
des Droits de lHomme;

10)

contribuer la rdaction des rapports que lEtat doit prsenter aux organes et comits des Nations unies, ainsi quaux institutions sous rgionales, rgionales, en application de ses obligations conventionnelles et le cas chant, mettre un avis ce
sujet dans le respect de son indpendance ;

11)

faire connatre les Droits de lHomme et la lutte contre toutes les formes de violation des Droits de lHomme, en sensibilisant
lopinion publique, notamment par linformation, lducation et en faisant appel, entre autres, tous les organes de presse ;

12)

tre associ llaboration des programmes concernant lenseignement et la recherche sur les Droits de lHomme et participer
leur mise en uvre dans les milieux scolaires, universitaires, sociaux et professionnels ;

HIGHLIGHTS

Office of the United Nations


Resident Coordinator
United Nations Country Team
13)

recevoir et examiner les plaintes et requtes individuelles ou collectives en matire de violation des Droits de lHomme et rechercher un rglement amiable par la conciliation ou les transmettre toutes autorits comptentes le cas chant.

Art. 3-La Commission adopte son rglement intrieur


Art.4-La Commission procde des tudes, analyses, enqutes, et publications sur toutes questions relatives aux Droits de lHomme
et aux liberts fondamentales.
La Commission saisit les autorits comptentes sur tous les cas de violations notamment celles lies :
a) la pratique de la torture, ou aux autres peines et traitement cruels, inhumains ou dgradants pendant la garde vue ou pendant la dtention en milieu carcral ou dans les centres de rducation et de rinsertion;
b) l'existence de lieux o se pratique la dtention secrte;
c)

aux disparitions forces, aux transferts secrets ;

d) la pratique de discrimination raciale, des pires formes de travail des enfants et de traite des personnes ;
e) la libert dopinion, dexpression et de manifestation.
Art.5- Dans laccomplissement de leurs attributions, les membres de la Commission jouissent des garanties lies au statut de dfenseurs des Droits de lHomme stipul dans la Dclaration des Nations unies sur les droits de protection des dfenseurs de Droi ts de
lHomme.
CHAPITRE II
De la composition de la Commission
Art.6-La Commission est compose dun Prsident et de 10 membres portant le titre de Commissaire.
Les Commissaires ont rang de Directeurs de Ministres et ce titre bnficient des mmes avantages et traitements.
La dsignation des membres tient compte dans la mesure du possible de la reprsentativit fminine, du pluralisme, de la comptence
et de lexpertise.
Les membres sont rpartis comme suit :
Un (e) reprsentant (e) de lAssemble Nationale et un (e) reprsentant(e)du Snat, dsigns respectivement par le Bureau
Permanent de chaque Chambre ;
Un (e) reprsentant (e) de lexcutif ayant voix consultative, dsign par le Premier Ministre. Il ou elle ne porte pas le titre de
commissaire.
Un(e) professeur de droit duniversits publiques dsign par le corps professoral dappartenance ;
Sept (7) reprsentants de la Socit civile, dsigns ou lus par chaque corps dorigine, aprs appel candidature, suivant les
critres prvus larticle 7 ci-dessous :
Un(e) (1) reprsentant (e) des associations uvrant dans la protection des droits de lenfant ;

un(e) reprsentant (e) des associations uvrant dans la protection des droits de la femme ;

Un(e) reprsentant(e) des associations uvrant dans la protection des droits des personnes vivant avec handicap ;

Un(e)reprsentant(e) de lOrdre des Avocats;

Un(e) (1) reprsentant(e) de lOrdre des Journalistes ;

Deux reprsentants (es) des Organisations Non Gouvernementales uvrant dans la dfense des Droits de lHomme;

A lexception du reprsentant de lexcutif, les Commissaires exercent leur fonction temps plein et ce titre ils sont rmunrs.
Avant dentrer en fonction, les membres de la Commission prtent serment devant la Cour Suprme en audience solennelle et en ces
termes:
Moi (Nom et Prnom), membre de la Commission Nationale Indpendante des Droits de lHomme, je jure de remplir fidlement et en toute indpendance et impartialit mon mandat, de ne me laisser jamais guider par aucun intrt partisan ou particulier et
de me consacrer entirement la protection et la promotion des droits de lHomme dans le strict respect de la Constitution, des
conventions internationales de protection des Droits de lHomme ainsi que les autres lois en vigueur .
Izahompikambana ao aminny Filankevi-pirenena mahaleotena momba ny Zonolombelona dia miniana fa hanatontosa
am-pahamarinana sy am-pahaleovantena tanteraka ary tsy mitanila ary hanokana manontolony heriko ho fampivoarana sy fiarovana ny
Zonolombelona anatinny fanajana ny Lalam-panorenana, ireo lalna iraisam-pirenena miaro ny Zonolombelona ary ny lalna manankery eto aminny tany sy ny fanjakana .

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Art.7-Les membres de la Commission doivent remplir les conditions suivantes :
a) tre de nationalit malagasy ;
b)

avoir une bonne connaissance et une solide exprience en matire de Droits de lHomme;

c)

tre notoirement reconnu pour son impartialit, sa conduite morale, son intgrit et son attachement aux valeurs et principes de
Droit de lHomme ;

d) ne pas exercer une fonction lective, publique ou prive plein temps lexception de lenseignement ou de la recherche.
Art.8-. Lacte de nomination des membres est officialis par dcret du Prsident de la Rpublique dans un dlai dun mois partir de
la date de rception de la dernire lettre de dsignation manant des entits concernes.
Les membres sont nomms pour un mandat de quatre (4) ans renouvelable une fois.
Art. 9 - Le mandat des membres est irrvocable sauf dans les cas prvus par la prsente loi et le rglement intrieur de la Commission:

Non-respect des conditions dligibilit dcouvert aprs nomination ;

Indisponibilit dment constate par le Bureau ;

Manquements graves prciss par le rglement intrieur.

La rvocation est prononce par le Prsident de la Commission aprs la dlibration prise au moins par les 2/3 des membres pour
manquements graves, aprs audition de lintress, sans prjudice des poursuites pnales qui peuvent tre engages contre lui.
La dcision de rvocation du Prsident de la Commission est susceptible de recours devant le Conseil dEtat.
Art. 10-Le Bureau Excutif de la Commission notifie aux entits concernes lavis dexpiration du mandat 7 mois lavance.
Le processus de renouvellement des membres de la Commission sopre six mois avant lexpiration de leur mandat suivant les modalits prvues larticle 6 et suivants de la prsente loi.
Lorsquune vacance est constate par le Bureau Excutif avant la date normale dexpiration de mandat, il est procd au remplacement du membre dans un dlai de trois mois, dans les mmes conditions prvues larticle 6 et suivants de la prsente loi pour mener
terme le mandat en cours.
Art.11-Le Prsident et le Vice-prsident de la Commission sont lus par et parmi les commissaires pour un mandat de quatre ans renouvelable une fois.
Ils constituent lorgane permanent de la Commission.
Art. 12 - Le Prsident reprsente la Commission. Il est lordonnateur du budget.
La Commission dispose dun Secrtariat, dirig par un Secrtaire Gnral, nomm par le Prsident sur proposition des membres de la
Commission runis en assemble gnrale aprs appel manifestation dintrt.
Le Secrtaire Gnral travaille plein temps et est rmunr ce titre. Il sige titre consultatif.
Le Secrtaire Gnral rend compte de ses activits la Commission. Il nest pas membre du Bureau excutif de la Commission.
Art. 13 - Aucun membre de la Commission ne peut tre poursuivi, recherch, arrt, dtenu ou jug loccasion des opinions mises
ou actes accomplis dans lexercice de son mandat et lis sa mission.
Les Bureaux et le sige de la Commission sont inviolables.
CHAPITRE III
De lorganisation et du fonctionnement de la Commission
Art.14- La Commission se runit au minimum deux fois par an en assemble gnrale ordinaire. Il peut se runir en assemble gnrale extraordinaire pour les questions urgentes sur convocation du Prsident ou des deux tiers (2/3) des membres.
Si le quorum nest pas atteint, le Prsident convoque une deuxime runion dans un dlai de quinze jours au plus tard. Lors de cette
deuxime runion, la Commission peut valablement statuer quel que soit le nombre de membres prsents.
Art.15- Les membres de la Commission ont voix dlibrative lexception du reprsentant de lexcutif et du Secrtaire gnral. En
cas dgalit de voix au cours de la dlibration, celle du Prsident de sance est prpondrante.
Art.16- Le Bureau Excutif de la Commission est compos du Prsident, du Vice-prsident assist et dun Rapporteur.
Les Vice-prsident et le Rapporteur sont nomms par le Prsident aprs lection par ses pairs.

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Outre llaboration et ladoption du budget, le Bureau Excutif est charg de la dcision de modalits de fonctionnement de la Commission, de ltablissement de lordre du jour et de la prparation de rapport.
La Commission peut dsigner certains de ses membres pour constituer en tant que de besoin des groupes de travail chargs d'tudier
les questions spcifiques et de lui prsenter toutes recommandations utiles.
Le rglement intrieur fixe galement les modalits de fonctionnement des groupes de travail.
La Commission ou le groupe de travail peut, sil le juge utile, entendre ou consulter des personnes physiques ou morales ayant une
comptence particulire en matire de Droits de lHomme.
Art.17-La Commission collabore et coopre avec les entits gouvernementales et non - gouvernementales uvrant pour la promotion
et la protection des Droits civils, politiques, conomiques, sociaux et culturels, ainsi qu la protection des groupes vulnrables.
Art.18-La Commission est habilite sadresser directement au public ou par lintermdiaire de tout organe de presse pour faire
connatre ses actions et particulirement pour rendre public ses avis et recommandations.
Art. 19- la Commission publie un rapport annuel de ses activits et le prsente au Parlement.
Copies de ces rapports sont adresses :
au Prsident de la Rpublique ;

au Premier Ministre, Chef du Gouvernement ;

tous les ministres et autres institutions publiques concernes

La Commission doit rendre public son rapport.


Art.20- En tant que de besoin, la Commission peut se doter des antennes provinciales/rgionales pour laider sacquitter de ses fonctions.
La cration et le fonctionnement de ces structures dcentralises seront prciss par voie de dcret.

CHAPITRE IV
De la comptence de la Commission
Art.21-La Commission est habilite examiner librement toutes questions relevant de sa comptence, qu'elles soient soumises par le
gouvernement ou dcides par auto saisine sur proposition de ses membres ou de tout requrant.
La plainte peut tre individuelle ou collective ; La Commission est saisie par la victime ou ses ayants droit, par des organisations non
gouvernementales des Droits de lHomme ou par toute autre personne physique ou morale intresse.
La saisine de la Commission se fait par dclaration verbale ou par plainte enregistre au Bureau de la Commission dcrivant la violation allgue. Elle indique galement lidentit du prsum auteur ainsi que son adresse.
Art.22 - Les conditions de recevabilit des plaintes doivent tre dfinies dans le rglement intrieur et doivent tre rendues publiques.
Ds quelle estime la requte recevable, la Commission dsigne un de ses membres aux fins dinstruire le cas et de chercher les solutions pour faire cesser la violation.
Elle peut entendre toute personne et obtenir toutes informations et tous documents ncessaires l'apprciation de situations relevant
de sa comptence.
Art.23-La Commission dclare irrecevables les requtes :

fondes uniquement sur les rumeurs;

ne relevant pas de sa comptence ;

objet dune saisine devant une juridiction ou toute autre instance administrative.

Toutefois, lorsque des actes ou situations de violations manifestes sont en cours devant une juridiction comptente ou une autorit
administrative, la Commission peut intervenir et formuler des avis et recommandations sur les mesures ncessaires pour faire cesser
les violations constates.
Si la plainte est irrecevable, la Commission informe immdiatement le ou les intresss, en motivant sa dcision. La plainte peut tre
reconsidre si, ultrieurement, les motifs dirrecevabilit nexistent plus.

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CHAPITRE V

De la procdure dexamen des plaintes


Art.24- La procdure devant la Commission est gratuite, contradictoire, et confidentielle.
La Commission ne peut valablement siger que si les 2/3 de ses membres sont prsents.
Les sances de la Commission ne sont pas publiques et le dlibr se fait huis clos.
Art. 25 - La victime ou le prsum auteur peut rcuser les membres de la Commission sur base des faits prouvs.
Tout membre de la Commission peut tre rcus ou se rcuser dans les cas ci aprs :

si lui-mme ou son conjoint a un intrt personnel dans laffaire ;

sil est parent ou alli jusquau 4me degr inclus dune des personnes mises en cause ou appeles tmoigner ou intresses
comme victimes ou tmoins dans laffaire sous investigation ;

sil y a amiti ou inimiti prononce entre lui et lune des parties ;

sil a dj donn un avis dans laffaire ;

si lune des personnes en accusation ou des victimes est attache son service.

Le prsum auteur ou la victime ne peut rcuser plus dun tiers des membres de la Commission.
Art 26-La plainte est notifie au prsum auteur qui est invit se prsenter devant la Commission dans un dlai quil fixe.
En cas de saisine doffice, la Commission invite directement le prsum auteur se prsenter une date quil prcise. La date est
communique la victime ou son reprsentant, ses ayants droit ainsi quaux ventuels tmoins.
Art. 27-La Commission peut procder des enqutes ou investigations de recoupement.
Pour mener les enqutes et pendant les visites des lieux de dtention, les services concerns doivent contribuer la facilitation des
visites des lieux de dtention et de lobtention de toute information, dont laccs tout document utile la Commission.
Le refus des agents/services de lEtat de communiquer les documents et informations utiles la Commission est passible de sanctions
disciplinaires lexception des documents couverts par la confidentialit.
La Commission peut entendre toute personne lui permettant dapprcier la situation objet de sa saisine ou constate dans un lieu de
dtention.
La Commission peut se faire assister par les forces de lordre et dautres services de lEtat pour donner effet aux pouvoirs lui reconnus par la prsente loi.
Les personnes appeles tre entendues devant la Commission sont tenues dy rpondre.
La Commission doit prendre les mesures ncessaires pour la protection des victimes et des tmoins.
Art.28-La Commission peut procder la conciliation pour apporter une solution aux cas de violation relevs et octroyer une juste et
quitable rparation la victime.
Le commissaire dsign peut proposer une rsolution lamiable de la violation dans les limites fixes par la loi. Au cas o il y parvient,
un rapport circonstanci est adress la Commission pour dcision et clture.
Au terme de ses enqutes et investigations, le commissaire dsign transmet son rapport la Commission pour dcision.
En cas de conciliation, la dcision est entrine par les parties. Dans le cas contraire, la Commission peut suggrer la saisine des autorits comptentes, dont le recours judiciaire.
CHAPITRE VI
Dispositions financires
Art.29-Les crdits ncessaires laccomplissement de la mission de la Commission font lobjet dune inscription prcise au
budget gnral de lEtat suivant les rgles de la loi des finances.
La Commission dispose dune ligne budgtaire autonome inscrite dans la loi des finances et gre conformment aux rgles
de la comptabilit publique.
Les crdits allous doivent couvrir les dpenses de fonctionnement et dquipement.

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Art.30-La Commission peut recevoir des dons, legs ainsi que des subventions provenant des fondations prives et des partenaires au
dveloppement, dans le respect de son indpendance.
Art.31-A titre transitoire et jusqu la mise en place effective du Bureau de la Commission, une commission ad hoc est charge dlaborer et de soutenir le crdit allouer la Commission en confrence budgtaire en vue de son inscription dans la loi des finances 2014.
La commission ad hoc est compose de :

2 reprsentants de la Primature ;
2 reprsentants du Ministre des Affaires Etrangres
2 reprsentants du Ministre de la Justice ;
2 reprsentants du Ministre des finances.

La commission ad hoc est prside par la Primature ;


Le Bureau prpare, labore et prsente son budget en confrence budgtaire.

CHAPITRE VII
Dispositions finales
Art.32-Toutes dispositions contraires la prsente loi sont et demeurent abroges notamment la Loi n 2008-012 du 17 juillet 2008
portant institution du CNDH.
Art.33- Des textes rglementaires prciseront, en tant que de besoin, les modalits dapplication de la prsente loi.
Art.34-La prsente loi sera publie au Journal Officiel de la Rpublique.
Elle sera excute comme loi de lEtat.

Human Rights and Financial & Technical Partners group periodic meeting.

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COMMUNIQU DES ORGANISATIONS DE LA SOCIT CIVILE DU 05 FVRIER 2015


1. La runion mensuelle des organisations et associations de protection des Droits de lHomme sest tenue Antananarivo le 5 fvrier 2015.
2. Les participants ont examin la situation actuelle des Droits de lHomme Madagascar. Les changes et analyses ont essentiellement portes
sur :
La situation au Sud o une centaine de personnes y compris des dizaines denfants et de femmes seraient dcdes des suites de la famine
cause par la scheresse ;
La situation des personnes victimes des cyclones Chedza et Fundi ainsi que des inondations ;
Le problme durbanisation (constructions anarchiques de maisons dhabitation dans des endroits non indiqus, hauts risques) ;
Les problmes dhygine et dassainissement (canaux dvacuation non entretenus et insuffisants, insuffisance des latrines etc.) ;
Ltat de linfrastructure routire (dalles non couvertes, tat piteux des routes..),
La persistance des dlestages travers le pays, mettant plusieurs personnes dans une inscurit humaine de plus en plus croissante ;
Le processus doprationnalisation de la Commission Nationale Indpendante des Droits de lHomme (CNIDH),
Lvolution du processus de rconciliation nationale ;
Le plan gouvernemental de rintgration des ex-dahalos qui ne prend pas en compte le droit la justice et la rparation pour les victimes ;
La situation de la libert de presse ;
Le droit la participation accrue, significative et effective des femmes au processus de prise de dcision et aux affaires publiques, qui est en
nette rgression (Le taux de participation des femmes dans le gouvernement est pass de 27,8% en 2011 20% dans le nouveau gouvernement du Premier Ministre Ravelonarivo).
3. Fort des changes et analyses, les participants :
se flicitent des progrs accomplis par le gouvernement en matire de renforcement du systme national de protection et de promotion des
droits humains travers notamment ladoption de la loi contre la peine de mort, ladoption de la loi contre la traite, lacclration du processus dadoption dun nouveau code de la communication conforme aux standards et principaux internationaux relatifs aux droits de lhomme et
la libert dexpression, la ratification de la convention sur la protection des droits des personnes vivant avec handicap, ladoption des lois sur
le Senat, la Haute cour de justice, le Haut Conseil pour la dfense de la dmocratie et de ltat de droit ainsi que la participation lexamen
priodique universel en novembre 2014 ;
recommandent lacclration du processus doprationnalisation de la CNIDH travers la mise en place de la commission ad hoc sur le budget prvue par larticle 31 de la loi sur la CNIDH (la participation de deux reprsentants de la socit civile avec mandat consultatif), linscription de la CNIDH au budget de lEtat et lappui au processus de dsignation des commissaires issus de la socit civile ;
invitent le gouvernement prendre toutes les mesures utiles avec lappui de la communaut internationale pour assurer le droit la vie et les
droits conomiques et sociaux des victimes des cyclones et de la scheresse dans le sud;
invitent lEtat travers lautorit comptente une meilleure coordination des actions humanitaires en faveur des victimes des cyclones et de
la scheresse ;
recommandent la prise en considration des besoins spcifiques des femmes et des enfants dans la rponse humanitaire en cours( analyse de
limpact des cyclones et de la scheresse sur les femmes et les enfants, participation active des femmes dans la distribution des aides, construction des latrines appropries, couverture ou prise en charge quitable, sans discrimination et effective de tous les sites de relocation des
personnes dplaces, cration des espaces pour enfants etc. ) ;
invitent le gouvernement prendre toutes les mesures ncessaires pour trouver une solution durable aux questions urgentes durbanisation,
dhygine, dassainissement, de dlestage, dinfrastructures, et dinscurit urbaine et rurale ;
recommandent au gouvernement de garantir le droit la justice et la rparation des victimes des ex-dahalos et de lopration coup darrt
mene au cours du deuxime semestre de lanne 2014 pour radiquer linscurit et le vol de zbus au sud du pays ;
interpellent lOrdre des journalistes, les patrons de presse et les journalistes eux-mmes sur les drives thiques et dontologiques constates
dans certaines stations radios prives. (Les mdias doivent tre un instrument dapaisement et de cohsion sociale, surtout en cette priode de
rconciliation nationale) ;
invitent le gouvernement faire adopter la loi sur la parit et trouver tous les moyens ncessaires pour garantir la participation accrue, significative et effective des femmes dans le processus de prise de dcision notamment lors des lections communales de juillet 2015.
lancent un vibrant appel en faveur de la prise en compte du droit la vrit, du droit la justice, du droit la rparation et des garanties de non
-rptition dans le processus de rconciliation nationale afin dassurer une rconciliation nationale vraie, authentique, durable, susceptible de
rompre dfinitivement le cycle de crises a rptitions que le pays a connues ;
exhortent la communaut internationale, les Nations Unies, lUnion Europenne, lUnion Africaine, la SADC et le Haut-Commissariat des
Nations Unies aux Droits de lHomme continuer accompagner et appuyer le gouvernement et la socit civile dans leurs
missions de promotion et de protection des droits de lhomme ;
sengagent continuer uvrer en faveur de la promotion et de la protection des droits de lhomme Madagascar.
4. Les participants continueront dobserver et dinformer la communaut nationale et internationale sur la situation des
droits de lhomme Madagascar.

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COMMUNIQU DES ORGANISATIONS DE LA


SOCIT CIVILE DU 12 MARS 2015
1. La runion mensuelle des organisations et associations de protection des Droits de lHomme sest tenue Antananarivo le 12 mars 2015.
2. Les participants ont examin la situation actuelle des Droits de lHomme Madagascar. Les changes et analyses ont essentiellement port sur:

Lexclusion des Organisations de la Socit Civile dans la gestion stratgique et oprationnelle de la situation humanitaire actuelle.
La problmatique de la Rconciliation Nationale avec :
- La rsurgence dun 4ime acteur : le chef de lEtat lui-mme, aprs la FFKM, le FFM et le CRN.
- La non reprsentativit des femmes.

Elections communales : le cadre lgal et rglementaire nest pas dfinitivement mis en place.
Exploitation Sexuelle des Enfants (ESEC) : 80% des auteurs sont des Malgaches (Hauts commis de ltat, fonctionnaires, etc.).
La situation des Dfenseurs des Droits de lHomme.
Les entraves lapplication effective des textes internationaux dment ratifis par Madagascar. La situation des Dahalo dont 5 30% ont
moins de 18 ans (information OSC Androy/ Anosy).

3. Recommandations

Suite aux changes et analyses, les participants :

Reconnaissent les efforts accomplis par le gouvernement dans la rponse humanitaire en faveur des Sinistrs Andohatapenaka. Cependant, ils insistent sur la ncessit dune plus grande attention sur le problme de la dignit humaine (la promiscuit, lexistence de
toilettes, lespace de jeux pour les enfants, la participation des femmes la distribution des vivres, etc.).

Recommandent que la loi sur les lections communales et la loi sur la reprsentation proportionnelle des hommes et des femmes aux postes de dcision soient adoptes lors de la 1re session ordinaire du parlement en mai 2015, ainsi que les lois autorisant la ratification du
protocole de la SADC sur le genre et le dveloppement, le protocole de Maputo (2003) et de la Charte africaine de la dmocratie, des
lections et de la bonne gouvernance de 2007.

Recommandent ce que Madagascar rejoigne la Coalition des Organisations de la Socit Civile en Afrique Australe et participe
latelier francophone des Dfenseurs des Droits de lHomme prvu se tenir au mois de mars 2015.

Rappellent la Socit Civile ses Devoirs et obligations en matire de soumission des rapports alternatifs, de collecte dinformations et de
statistiques.

Invitent toutes les organisations, associations de la socit civile se mobiliser pour quelles puissent participer pleinement au processus
de dsignation de leurs membres au sein de la Commission Nationale Indpendante des Droits de lHomme. La pleine et effective participation des femmes au niveau des rgions doit tre assure.

Exhortent les pouvoirs publics assurer une participation accrue, significative et effective des femmes dans le processus de rconciliation
nationale et dans la rponse humanitaire en cours.

Demandent aux partenaires techniques et financiers, aux partenaires bilatraux et multilatraux, au Systme des Nations Unies, y compris
le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux Droits de lHomme, de continuer contribuer au renforcement des capacits des
acteurs et Organisations de la socit civile.

Exhortent le Gouvernement mettre en uvre le plan de rintgration des ex-dahalo tout en prenant en compte le droit la
justice et la rparation des victimes.

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DECLARATION DES FEMMES MALAGASY RELATIVE A LA


RECONCILIATION NATIONALE ET LA CONSOLIDATION DE LA PAIX
A lissue du dialogue sur la Rconciliation nationale et consolidation de la paix les 23 et 24 Mars 2015, l'Htel
IBIS Antananarivo, sous lgide de Gender Links en partenariat avec lUnion Africaine.
Nous, aujourdhui runis, formulons les requtes suivantes :
lattention des Institutions nationales malagasy :
Intgrer au moins 30% de femmes dans les processus de la rconciliation et la consolidation de la paix quelle que soit leur appartenance politique, sociale, conomique et religieuse.

Appliquer la parit au sein de toutes les Institutions tatiques et infra tatiques.


Amliorer la cohsion et le contrat social qui refltent les aspirations profondes de la population sur la base des consultations
transparentes.

Faire participer au moins 30% des femmes dans les consultations aussi bien rgionales que nationale dans le processus de Rforme du Secteur de la Scurit,

Mettre en place un systme de quota dau moins 30%, pendant un temps limit, en vue de laugmentation de leffectif des femmes
dans les domaines de la dfense et de la scurit ;

Ratifier les textes internationaux et rgionaux relatifs aux droits de la femme.


Adopter la Loi nationale sur la reprsentation proportionnelle des femmes.
Valider et mettre en oeuvre le plan daction national sur la rsolution 1325
Intgrer la parit dans la dsignation des membres du Haut conseil pour la dfense de la Dmocratie et de lEtat de Droit
(HCDDED)
A lattention des partenaires techniques et financiers

Mobiliser les ressources (humaines, financires et matrielles) pour lducation citoyenne et lectorale.
Accompagner les Institutions nationales et les acteurs non tatiques dans les processus de rconciliation, de consolidation de la
paix et de rforme du secteur de la scurit et aussi du dveloppement.
Fait Antananarivo le 24 Mars 2015

17 - 19

JUNE

JUNE

KEY DATES
FOR
MADAGASCAR

Symposium
national sur le
Genre et le
Dveloppement Antananarivo.

Designation
process of the
members of the
National Human
Rights Independent Institution.

SEPTEMBER

SEPTEMBER

(REPORTING)

(REPORTING)

CRC-OP-AC - Optional Protocol to the


Convention on the
Rights of the Child on
the involvement of
children in armed
conflict.

15

CRC-OP-SC - Optional Protocol to the


Convention on the
Rights of the Child on
the sale of children
child prostitution and
child pornography.

CELEBRATION OF

Office of the United Nations


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United Nations Country Team

THE WOMENS WEEK

The Ministry of population, social protection and the promotion of women


and the OHCHR-led human rights and gender thematic group organized a
one-week activities across the country to mark the international women day
under the national theme For a full enjoyment of womens rights, let us all
be responsible. The Ministry of Population, of Social protection and Promotion of Women and its partners have decided to organize the official
ceremony or celebration in the Urban Municipality of Toliary, District of
Toliary I, region of Atsimo Andrefana, (950km South from Antananarivo)
in order to mobilize international and national attention on human rights,
social, economic, cultural, humanitarian and security challenges that the
region is facing and call for a swift, collective and holistic response. Human rights and gender challenges include persistent and ingrained harmful
and discriminatory traditional practices against women and girls, polygamy, difficulty in ensuring free and compulsory birth registration for children, extreme poverty and inability to enjoy the right to social security and
to an adequate standard of living, malnutrition, high rate of illiteracy etc.
UNCT has provided technical and financial support for several activities.
OHCHR, in close cooperation with UNDP, particularly opted to support
Civil Society Organizations in conducting out-reach campaigns, especially
in rural areas from Antananarivo to Toliary with the view to engaging traditional, municipal and religious leaders in combating harmful and discriminatory traditional practices against women and girls.With the view to
maximizing the impacts and ensuring effective change and results, the
UNCT human rights and gender thematic group has built a strong partnership with two well-known personalities/celebrities, Dama MAHALEO, a
sociologist and renowned artist and Tho RAKOTOVAO, international
artist and Human Rights activist, especially in the protection of the rights
of the Mikea (minority group living in the southwest region), in the context
of the exploitation of natural resources in the south. Given the cultural
practices of the region relating to women and girls, it appeared important to
have an influent person, particularly a man native of the region, to sensitize
his peers and the whole community on women and girls status within the
society and the community. Both artists have played an essential role in
conducting outreach campaigns with their artistic performances, music,
songs and messages depicting the plight of women and girls in the south
and exhorting traditional leaders and the community to protect and

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eradicate all forms of discrimination and violence against women and


girls.

On 1 March, the first sensitization concert took place at the


Cultural Center of Antsirabe (160km south from Antananarivo) to mark the zero discrimination day.
More than 30 Civil Society Organizations from Antananarivo and Antsirabe participated in the concert spreading human rights messages and
songs. During the concert, MSM: Men having Sex with Men Association condemned discrimination and recalled that all human beings were
all equal and free. NGO FIFAFI called on the protection of the rights of
people living with HIV/AIDS (FIFAFI). Two local NGOs denounced
the plight of people living disabilities and urged the government to
adopt the national action plan for the protection of minorities. ENDAOI called for a national mobilization to fight against Gender-based violence and to adopt the national action plan for the implementation of
Security Council Resolution 1325. REFMAP (Rseau des Femmes Artisanes de la Paix) and the local NGO ZONOLOMBELONA MIJORO; called upon the government to ensure womens participation in
the national reconciliation process as well as in the decision-making
process. Dama MAHALEO and Tho RAKOTOVAO denounced early
pregnancies and marriages. The performance of a MSM local artist has
also marked the zero discrimination day as well as the performance of a
10 years-old blind boy accompanied by Tho RAKOTOVAO. About
2.000 persons including 600 women and girls participated in the zero
discrimination day in Antsirabe, in the presence of the regional Chief,
the city mayor and the regional Director of the Ministry of Population.

On 2 March, the second sensitization-concert took place in


the locality of Ihosy (593 km South from Antananarivo) and
has mobilized about 4.000 persons including 2000 women.

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Messages conveyed related to gender-based violence, girls education and


early pregnancies, non-discrimination and womens participation.

The fourth concert was held on the same day in Sakaraha


(790km South from Antananarivo).

Since the discovery in

On 3 March, the third sensitization concert was 1998 of an important


organized in Ilakaka (708 km South from Anta- sapphire deposit, the
nanarivo), a city rich in mineral resources and city has continuously
precious mines and gemstones.
attracted new people..
This phenomenon has generated a situation of extreme insecurity as well
as diverse forms of child exploitation such as children working in mining
exploration as well as sexual exploitation with an exponential trend of
early pregnancies. Local womens associations drawn from the 18 ethnic
groups participated in the sensitization concert. Messages conveyed were
developed further to those specific points of concern of the area and its
surroundings.

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The local authorities, mainly the city mayor and the District Commander, highly contributed to the realization and the success of this
activity by mobilizing people and supporting practical organization.
On the other hand, local women associations also contributed to this
activity. The president of the 8 March Association called upon men to
closely work with women for the promotion of their rights and encouraged women to be more active in the social and political life. The city
mayor exhorted women to acquire self-confidence and unite their efforts towards the promotion of their rights. He also enjoined them to
start being more active in the political life and committed himself to
supporting them in their actions.

On 4 March, the fifth concert


was specifically dedicated to
children within primary and
secondary schools in Toliary
as well as youngsters out of
the education system.

Local associations contributed to


the mobilization of the targeted
people as well as schools staff.
This last concert was designed
on an interaction basis. Children
were invited to share their opinions and views on womens
rights, on types of violation of
womens rights they see in their
daily-life, on the relating causes
and the solutions they think
would be efficient to eradicate
such problems. Domestic violence was the most mentioned as
well as the difficulty, even

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impossibility, for women and girls to give opinion on decisions relevant to them due to
a misogynist-based society structure, gender and cultural stereotypes. Participants urged
the government and the UN to intensify civic education and human rights outreach campaigns for a better promotion and protection of girls and womens rights in rural areas.

On 5 March , in Toliara, the Ministry of population in tandem with the UNCT


mainly UNFPA, UNDP and UNICEF organized a community dialogue with
local leaders to brainstorm on the plight of rural women and engage them in
promoting and protecting of women rights. More than 50 leaders including
30 women participated in the session.
On the same day, at the parliament, in Antananarivo, OHCHR in partnership with EISA
(Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy) and SOMAMI (Women caucus at the
parliament) organized a roundtable discussion on the theme : Implementing the Security
Council resolution1325( 31 October 2000) in Madagascar: challenges, opportunities and
prospects. The roundtable discussion was chaired by the president of the national assembly in the presence of chairperson of the SOMAMI, 61 parliamentarians including all 31 women MPs, the chairperson of the REFMAP, EISA resident representative,
UNDP, 40 women drawn from local NGOs leaders. At
the end of the session, participants urged the government to speed up the adoption and validation process of
the national action plan for the implementation of the
SCR 1325. Copies of the SCR 1325 were also distributed to all participants. OHCHR officially launched a
national research to come up with a thematic report on
harmful and discriminatory traditional practices against
women and girls in Madagascar. The UN human rights
and gender thematic group in partnership will conduct
In Antananarivo, at the UN premises, the OHCHR-led
Gender and Human Rights Group also organized a ceremony for UN staff during which each agency, represented by a woman staff, was invited to make a communication on the Beijing Action Platform: Women and
poverty (UNDP) - Education and Training of Women
(WFP) - Women and Health (WHO UN Dispensary) Violence against Women (UNFPA) - Women and
armed Conflict - Women and the Economy (ILO ONUDI FAO) - Women in Power and decision-making (UNV) - Institutional Mechanisms for the
Advancement of Women protection and promotion of Women rights (OHCHR) - Women and the Media (UNESCO) - Child protection (UNICEF).
During the ceremony, OHCHR made a presentation highlighting the persistence of discrimination and other abuses against women and girls, and the
very low representation / participation of women in the decision making, and the national reconciliation processes. To address the challenges, OHCHR
called for the implementation of the human rights-based approach and gender integration/mainstreaming. The indoor programme was chaired by the
UN Resident coordinator, in the presence of the UNCG, members of the UNCT and more than 70 staff including 40 women.

On 7 March, in Toliara, a series of activities were conducted by the Ministry of Population and the UNCT including :visits to some local NGO and
women associations; visit to children victims of sexual violence; visits to female and minor detainees; free medical consultations for women and pregnant women. On 6 March, sport activities were also organized and sponsored in Toliara by the Ministry of Population to consolidate peace and social
cohesion. A workshop on the 2014 Gender barometer was also held in Toliary on 7 March under the patronage of the Ministry of Population in the
presence of the Ministry of Justice and the Ombudsman. Participants recognized that despite some valuable achievements, many efforts still need to be
made as the countrys record and progress towards the promotion and protection of womens rights remain low and slow.

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The

climax of the one-week


celebration was the official ceremony organized in the in Toliara, on
8 March. 187 Womens associations
participated to the parade.

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The first Lady called on national and international solidarity and support in promoting and protecting womens
rights in Madagascar.
The UN Resident Coordinator
reiterated UNs commitment
to supporting all initiatives
aiming at the realization of all
human right for women.

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