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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes

1.1 Basic Concepts of ICT


ICT = Information Technology + Communication Technology

Information & Communications Technology


ICT Mediums:

Computers, Mobile, Digital (TV & RADIO, Small Devices)


Web TV, Streaming and Podcasting
TV Remote Controller, Analog and Digital TV
Technology Platform, Content, Online, Offline

Learning Activities
Knowledge Development
Research Internet and write a short note of each
term
Personal Skill Development
Describe in Voice each term giving Product
examples
Creativity
Assignment: Create an A4 Poster on ICT Mediums
with Images for Kids/Parents

WEB CASTING AUDIO & VIDEO

Niranjan Meegammana
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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes


Data: Available in Multiple Forms:
Text, Numbers, Logical, Visual, Sound ++
Text
Numbers
Visual
Sound
Sensor

Namali, Anuradhapura,
President visited America., Global
Warming
27, 6A, 010001 , 25/11/2011 ,
34444455334.34 , 2.3 x 1023
Graphics, Graphs, Digital Video, 3D
Cinema, 3D printers, DNA
Music, Voice: Sensors Captured - >
Converted
Temperature, Humidity, PH,

Data has Multiple Formats


Picture: JPG, BMP, GIF
Text: ASCII, UNICODE,
Audio: MP3, WAV, Ogg
Video: MP4, FLV, WMV, 3GP

What are the formats used in your computer for Text,


Numbers, Video and Audio?
Niranjan Meegammana
0777 606 796

www.shilpasayura.org
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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes

INFORMATION = DATA + CONTEXT + MEANING

Knowledge
Gaining wisdom from Information of a
situation or a condition
Capability to understand relationship
between information and how to use
information for a purpose

Consider..
1. Activity: A person is puts a finger in hot water glass.
2. Data gathering: The nerves send pain data to the brain.
3. Processing: Brain evaluates data and learn that pain comes from
the finger
4. Information: The painful finger means that it's not in a good place.
5. Action: Brain tells finger to remove itself from hot water.
6. Knowledge: Sticking finger in hot water is a bad idea.

Knowledge:

understanding of the "rules" of a situation.

Niranjan Meegammana
0777 606 796

www.shilpasayura.org
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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes

Describe 10 activities in your life which uses


Data :
Knowledge :
Information :

More on Data
Quality: How Good is Data?
(Source , Collection Method)
Rain Fall,
Flood Victims,
Test Marks
Validity : Range, Adequate, Time
Industry Certification,
Choice of Consumers
Relevance : Relevant for the use
Google Maps
Survey Plan, Sketch

Niranjan Meegammana
0777 606 796

www.shilpasayura.org
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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes

Good Information

is meaningful
is fascinating
updates prior knowledge
is a medium of
intercommunication
is topical
help making decisions

Relevance of information varies from


individual to individual.
Square root of a number to four decimal places not necessary
to an individual, but it is important to a scientist.

Timeliness, Accuracy, Usability


More considerations: Ownership, Information Security, Privacy

Group Discussion & Presentation


If you have to collect data to analyze the students
travel methods to school
1. How do you ensure quality of data?
2. How do you validate data?
3. How do you make data timely, Accurate and Usable?
Niranjan Meegammana
0777 606 796

www.shilpasayura.org
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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes

Data & Information Manipulation


Creation
Management
Dissemination

Give Examples
Online Education
Banking & Finance
News

Self Awareness Development

Study and describe Functions in an Office, School and a Bank


For creation, management and dissemination of data &
information?
Which persons are involved in above functions?

Niranjan Meegammana
0777 606 796

www.shilpasayura.org
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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes

Drawbacks of Manual Methods

SLOWNESS
ACCURACY
SECURITY ISSUES
UNABLE TO SHARE
HARD TO COPY

EXPLAIN A SITUATION IN LEAGAL TRANSACTION: SELLING A LAND


HOW AND WHERE DATA MANAGED MANUALLY?

Understand Data in Deep


Explain
The advantages of using ICT for data management
Why speed, accuracy important in banking data/info
management?
When you sign-up for Gmail, how they validate your data?
What are the data security features in facebook?
What is the value of a disconnected mobile phone number?
What is the use of Google map as a road map in Sri Lanka?
Why is it important to mark yearly flood levels ?

Niranjan Meegammana
0777 606 796

www.shilpasayura.org
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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes

Information in Daily Life


Research and Give Examples
Education, Business, Culture, Health, Agriculture, Travel,
Entertainment, Government Services,
E COMMERCE

B2B - Business 2 Business


B2C Business 2 Consumer
G2C Government to Citizens

Available Technologies to Manage Data


Computers, Databases, Networks, Data Stores, Software, Servers,
Fibre Optics, Server Farms, Mobile Technologies
Weather data Management
Hospital Records
Banking ATM System
Airline Ticket Booking
Hotel Booking System
Security Sensor System
Payroll System
Radio / TV Media Channel
Mobile Operator System
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GIS Geographical Information


System
GPS Global Positioning System
Auto Pilot System
Train Management System
Super Market System
Satellite TV System
Flood Control System
e Learning System
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A/L ICT 2012/ 2013 Notes

Niranjan Meegammana
0777 606 796

www.shilpasayura.org
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