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Polypropylene Chemical Resistance Guide

Chemical Listing & Ratings

hmcpolymers.com

POLYPROPYLENE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

About HMC Polymers


HMC Polymers is focused on being
Asias number ONE in PP.
We work in close cooperation with
our customers to improve existing
products and develop new resins
for the rapidly changing markets we
serve. The company offers a wide
range of products suitable for all
major applications and processes,
aswell as innovative new products
withexpanded capabilities, which
are used by customers to replace
traditional materials and other
plastics.
We have expertise in converting our
products with a variety of leading
process technologies to ensure
our customers are able to obtain
polypropylene grades optimised
fortheir market needs.
Polypropylene products produced
by HMC Polymers are the essential
building blocks used to manufacture
countless everyday goods such
as consumer products, fresh food
packaging, automotive and electrical
components, durable textiles,
medicalapplications, pipe systems
andmany others.

PP chemical resistance
HMC Polymers polypropylene resins, like most
polyolefins, are highly resistant to solvents and
chemicals.
The results of extensive laboratory and actual
field installation tests of polypropylenes
chemical resistance are reported in this
downloadable PDF which is periodically
updated.
The chemical resistance data presented in this
PDF for a range of over 260 chemicals and
substances is based on ASTM D543.

Testing
Unstressed resin specimens are used
measuring 76mm (3) long x 0.635mm
(0.025) thick, in the shape of dumbbells.
Results are reported after 1 month immersion.
Important: As it is difficult to create actual
service conditions in the laboratory, the results
of many of the environments should be taken
only as an indication of behaviour in service.

PP chemical resistance capability


HMC polypropylene resins have outstanding
resistance to water and other inorganic
environments. In most aqueous environments,
its weight increase is less than 0.2% when
it has been stored for 6 months at ambient
temperatures. When the temperature is
increased to 60C (140F), the weight increase
is less than 0.5% for a similar period. According
to ASTM D570, its 24 hr water absorption rate
is 0.03%. It resists most strong mineral acids
and bases, but, like the other polyolefins, it is
subject to attack by oxidizing agents.

HMC PP resins are appreciably affected


by chlorosulfonic acid and oleum at
room temperature, 98% sulfuric acid, 30%
hydrochloric acid, and 30% hydrogen peroxide
at 100C (212F). They are also affected by 98%
sulfuric acid at 60C (140F) and fuming nitric
acid and liquid bromine at room temperatures.
Under strain, failure could occur with strong
oxidizing acids at temperatures lower than
those mentioned. With few exceptions
however, inorganic chemicals produce little or
no effect on HMC PP resins over a period of 6
months at temperatures up to 120C (248F).
The permeation resistance of HMC PP resins
to organic chemicals depends on the rate
and extent to which absorption occurs. This,
in turn, affects the suitability of the resin
to serve in a particular environment. When
the resin is removed from the environment,
evaporation will take place and cause it to
return almost to its original dimensions.
Property changes resulting from the
absorption will be reversed if evaporation
is complete.
Temperature and polarity of the organic
medium are the foremost factors in
determining the extent of absorption by
polypropylene. Absorption becomes greater
as temperatures are increased and polarity
of the medium is decreased. Polypropylene
copolymers swell more than homopolymers,
indicating greater absorption. Such nonpolar
liquids as benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and
petroleum ether have a higher absorption rate
with polypropylene than polar media such as
ethanol and acetone.

Some reduction in tensile strength and an


increase in flexibility and elongation-to-break
in tension can be expected, depending on
the nature and amount of the organic
medium absorbed.
HMC PP resins have excellent resistance
to environmental stress-cracking. When
they are tested according to ASTM D1693
the brittle fractures that occur with certain
polyethylenes in contact with polar
organic liquids, detergents, and silicone
fluids are not observed. Failure of this
type with polypropylene is rare. Those
environments known to cause such cracking
to polypropylene are 98% sulfuric acid,
concentrated chromic/sulfuric acid mixtures,
and concentrated hydrochloric acid/chlorine
mixtures.
The useful life of HMC PP resins at elevated
temperatures is limited by oxidative
degradation. The expected life of polypropylene at any given temperature is also
determined by the nature of the environment,
and by the extraction of some of the antioxidant system. Any environment that tends
to extract the antioxidants may lead to more
rapid breakdown of the polypropylene,
especially at elevated temperatures.

For more information visit our website: www.hmcpolymers.com

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POLYPROPYLENE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

Chemicals list
Chemicals A - B
Environment

Temp C
20

60

100

Acetic acid (glacial)

97

B
(80C)

Acetic acid

50

A
(80C)

A - Negligible effect
Should be suitable for all applications where
these environmental conditions exist.

Environment

Rating system
This chart rates the chemical resistance of
HMC PP resin according to the following code:

Conc.

Conc.

Temp C

20

60

100

Ammonium metaphosphate

Satd.

Ammonium nitrate

Satd.

Ammonium persulfate

Satd.

Acetic acid

40

Ammonium sulfate

Satd.

Acetic acid

10

Ammonium sulfide

Satd.

Acetone

100

Ammonium thiocyanate

Satd.

Acetophenone

100

Amyl acetate

100

(80C)

Amyl alcohol

100

Acrylic emulsions

Amyl chloride

100

Aluminum chloride

Aniline

100

Should be suitable for applications where only


intermittent service is involved, or where the
swelling produced has no detrimental effect on
the part.

Aluminum fluoride

Anisole

100

Aluminum sulfate

D - Extensive attack

Ammonia (aqueous)

The specimen dissolves or disintegrates.


Polypropylene is not recommended.

Ammonia gas (dry)


Ammonium carbonate

Note: The user is advised to make his or


her own tests to determine the suitability of
polypropylene in the particular environment.

B - Limited absorption or attack


Should be suitable for most applications,
but the user is advised to make his or her
own tests to determine the suitability of
polypropylene in the particular environment.

C - Extensive absorption and/or


rapid permeation

Product enquiries:

sales@hmcpolymers.com
06.2012

Acriflavine
(2% solution in H20)

Antimony chloride

Aviation fuel (115/145


octane)

Aviation turbine fuel

100

Satd.

Barium carbonate

Satd.

Ammonium chloride

Satd.

Barium chloride

Satd.

Ammonium fluoride

20

Barium hydroxide

Ammonium hydroxide

10

Barium sulfate

Satd.

Barium sulfide

Satd.

Alums (all types)


30

100

Technical Information
By using any Technical Information contained herein, you agree that said technical information is given for convenience only, without any warranty or guarantee of any kind, and is accepted and used at your sole risk. You are encouraged to
verify independently any such information to their reasonable satisfaction. As used in this paragraph, Technical Information includes any technical advice, recommendations, testing, or analysis, including, without limitation, information as
it may relate to the selection of a product for a specific use and application.
Before using an HMC Polymers product, customers and other users should make their own independent determination that the product is suitable for the intended use. They should also ensure that they can use the HMC Polymers product
safely and legally. This document does not constitute a warranty, express or implied, including a warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In addition, no immunity under HMC Polymers, LyondellBasells or third parties
intellectual property rights shall be implied from this document. No one is authorized to make any warranties, issue any immunities or assume any liabilities on behalf ofHMC Polymers except in a writing signed by an authorized HMC
Polymers employee. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the exclusive remedy for all claims is replacement of the product or refund of the purchase price at HMC Polymers option, and in no event shall HMC Polymers be liable for special,
consequential, incidental, punitive or exemplary damages. Users should review the applicable Material Safety Data Sheet before handling the product.

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POLYPROPYLENE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

Chemicals list
Chemicals B - D
Environment

Conc.
%

Temp C

Environment

20

60

100

Calcium phosphate

100

A
(80C)

Borax

Boric acid

Beer
Benzene
Benzoic acid
Benzyl alcohol
Bismuth carbonate

Satd.

Brine

Satd.

Bromine liquid

100

Bromine water

(a)

Butyl acetate

100

Butyl alcohol

100

Calcium carbonate

Satd.

Calcium chlorate

Satd.

Calcium chloride

50

Calcium hydroxide
Calcium hypochlorite bleach
Calcium nitrate

20

(a)

Temp C

Environment

20

60

100

50

Calcium sulfate

Calcium sulfite

Carbon dioxide (dry)


Carbon dioxide (wet)

Conc.

Temp C
20

60

100

Chromic/sulfuric acid

Cider

Citric acid

10

Copper chloride

Satd.

Copper cyanide

Satd.

Copper fluoride

Satd.

Copper nitrate

Satd.

Copper sulfate

Satd.

Carbonic acid

Cottonseed oil

Castor oil

Cuprous chloride

Satd.

Carbon disulfide

100

Carbon monoxide
Carbon tetrachloride

100

Cetyl alcohol

100

Cyclohexanol

100

Chlorine (gas)

100

Cyclohexanone

100

Chlorobenzene

100

Chloroform

100

Decalin

100

Chlorosulfonic acid

100

Detergents

Chrome alum

Developers (photographic)

Chromic acid

80

Product enquiries:

sales@hmcpolymers.com
06.2012

Conc.

Dibutyl phthalate

100

Chromic acid

(a)

50

Dichloroethylene

100

Chromic acid

10(a)

Diethanolamine

100

(a)

Technical Information
By using any Technical Information contained herein, you agree that said technical information is given for convenience only, without any warranty or guarantee of any kind, and is accepted and used at your sole risk. You are encouraged to
verify independently any such information to their reasonable satisfaction. As used in this paragraph, Technical Information includes any technical advice, recommendations, testing, or analysis, including, without limitation, information as
it may relate to the selection of a product for a specific use and application.
Before using an HMC Polymers product, customers and other users should make their own independent determination that the product is suitable for the intended use. They should also ensure that they can use the HMC Polymers product
safely and legally. This document does not constitute a warranty, express or implied, including a warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In addition, no immunity under HMC Polymers, LyondellBasells or third parties
intellectual property rights shall be implied from this document. No one is authorized to make any warranties, issue any immunities or assume any liabilities on behalf ofHMC Polymers except in a writing signed by an authorized HMC
Polymers employee. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the exclusive remedy for all claims is replacement of the product or refund of the purchase price at HMC Polymers option, and in no event shall HMC Polymers be liable for special,
consequential, incidental, punitive or exemplary damages. Users should review the applicable Material Safety Data Sheet before handling the product.

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POLYPROPYLENE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

Chemicals list
Chemicals E - H
Environment

Diisooctyl phthalate

Conc.

Temp C

Environment

20

60

100

100

Fluorosilicic acid

Formaldehyde

Emulsifiers

Conc.
%

Temp C

Environment

20

60

100

40

Conc.

Temp C

20

60

100

Hydrochloric acid

30(a)

Hydrochloric acid

20

A
(80C)

Hydrochloric acid

10

A
(80C)

Ethanolamine

100

Formic acid

100

Ethyl acetate

100

Formic acid

10

Ethyl alcohol

96

A
(80C)

Fructose

Hydrochloric acid

50-50 HCI-HNO3

D
(80C)

100

Fruit juices

(a)

Ethyl chloride
Ethylene dichloride

100

Hydrofluoric acid

40

Ethylene glycol
Ethylene oxide
Ethyl ether

100
100

B
(10C)

Furfural

100

Gas liquor

Hydrofluoric acid

(a)

60

A
(40C)

100

Gasoline

100

Hydrogen chloride gas (dry)

Gearbox oil

100

Hydrogen peroxide

30

Hydrogen peroxide

10

Gelatin
Fatty acids (C6)

100

Glucose

20

Hydrogen peroxide

Ferric chloride

Satd.

Glycerin

100

Hydrogen sulfide

Ferric nitrate

Satd.

Glycol

Hydroquinone

Ferric sulfate

Satd.

Ferrous chloride

Satd.

Hexane

100

Ferrous sulfate

Satd.

Hydrobromic acid

50

Product enquiries:

sales@hmcpolymers.com
06.2012

(a)

Technical Information
By using any Technical Information contained herein, you agree that said technical information is given for convenience only, without any warranty or guarantee of any kind, and is accepted and used at your sole risk. You are encouraged to
verify independently any such information to their reasonable satisfaction. As used in this paragraph, Technical Information includes any technical advice, recommendations, testing, or analysis, including, without limitation, information as
it may relate to the selection of a product for a specific use and application.
Before using an HMC Polymers product, customers and other users should make their own independent determination that the product is suitable for the intended use. They should also ensure that they can use the HMC Polymers product
safely and legally. This document does not constitute a warranty, express or implied, including a warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In addition, no immunity under HMC Polymers, LyondellBasells or third parties
intellectual property rights shall be implied from this document. No one is authorized to make any warranties, issue any immunities or assume any liabilities on behalf ofHMC Polymers except in a writing signed by an authorized HMC
Polymers employee. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the exclusive remedy for all claims is replacement of the product or refund of the purchase price at HMC Polymers option, and in no event shall HMC Polymers be liable for special,
consequential, incidental, punitive or exemplary damages. Users should review the applicable Material Safety Data Sheet before handling the product.

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POLYPROPYLENE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

Chemicals list
Chemicals I - P
Environment

Conc.
%

Temp C
20

60

Environment
100

Conc.

Temp C

Environment

20

60

100

Magnesium nitrate

Satd.

Nickel sulfate

Conc.

Temp C

20

60

100

Satd.

Inks

Magnesium sulfate

Satd.

Nitric acid

fuming

Iodine tincture

Magnesium sulfite

Satd.

Nitric acid

70(a)

Nitric acid

60

D
(80C)

Nitric acid

10

50-50 HCO3-HCI

(a)

D
(80C)

50-50 HNO3-H2-S04

(a)

D
(80C)

100

Oleic acid

Oleum

100

50

Paraffin

100

Paraffin wax

100

Petrol

100

Isooctane

100

Meat juices

Isopropyl alcohol

100

Mercuric chloride

40

Mercuric cyanide

Satd.

Mercurous nitrate

Satd.

Mercury

100

Ketones

Lactic acid

20

Methyl alcohol

100

Lanolin

100

Methylene chloride

100

Lead acetate

Satd.

Methyl ethyl ketone

100

Linseed oil

100

Milk and its products

Lubricating oil

100

Mineral oil

100

Molasses
Magenta dye
(aqueous solution)

Motor oil

100

Olive oil
Oxalic acid (aqueous)

Some
staining

Magnesium carbonate

Satd.

Naphthalene

100

Magnesium chloride

Satd.

Nickel chloride

Satd.

Magnesium hydroxide

Satd.

Nickel nitrate

Satd.

Product enquiries:

sales@hmcpolymers.com
06.2012

Nitrobenzene

Technical Information
By using any Technical Information contained herein, you agree that said technical information is given for convenience only, without any warranty or guarantee of any kind, and is accepted and used at your sole risk. You are encouraged to
verify independently any such information to their reasonable satisfaction. As used in this paragraph, Technical Information includes any technical advice, recommendations, testing, or analysis, including, without limitation, information as
it may relate to the selection of a product for a specific use and application.
Before using an HMC Polymers product, customers and other users should make their own independent determination that the product is suitable for the intended use. They should also ensure that they can use the HMC Polymers product
safely and legally. This document does not constitute a warranty, express or implied, including a warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In addition, no immunity under HMC Polymers, LyondellBasells or third parties
intellectual property rights shall be implied from this document. No one is authorized to make any warranties, issue any immunities or assume any liabilities on behalf ofHMC Polymers except in a writing signed by an authorized HMC
Polymers employee. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the exclusive remedy for all claims is replacement of the product or refund of the purchase price at HMC Polymers option, and in no event shall HMC Polymers be liable for special,
consequential, incidental, punitive or exemplary damages. Users should review the applicable Material Safety Data Sheet before handling the product.

6/9

POLYPROPYLENE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

Chemicals list
Chemicals P - S
Environment

Conc.

Temp C

Environment

20

60

100

Petroleum ether
(boiling point 100-140C)

100

Phenol

100

95

Plating solutions, brass

Plating solutions, cadmium

Plating solutions, chromium

Plating solutions, copper

Plating solutions, gold

Plating solutions, indium

Plating solutions, lead

Plating solutions, nickel

Plating solutions, rhodium

Plating solutions, silver

Plating solutions, tin

Plating solutions, zinc

Satd.

Potassium bromate

10

Potassium bromide

Satd.

Phosphoric acid

Potassium bicarbonate
Potassium borate

Product enquiries:

sales@hmcpolymers.com
06.2012

Conc.

Temp C

Environment

20

60

100

Potassium carbonate

Satd.

Potassium chlorate

Satd.

Silicone oil

Potassium chloride

Satd.

40

Satd.

40

Conc.

Temp C

20

60

100

100

Soap solution (concentrated)

Sodium acetate

Sodium bicarbonate

Satd.

Sodium bisulfate

Satd.

Potassium ferri-/ferrocyanide

Sodium bisulfite

Satd.

Potassium fluoride

Sodium borate

Potassium chromate
Potassium cyanide
Potassium dichromate

Potassium hydroxide

50

Sodium bromide oil solution

Potassium hydroxide

10

Sodium carbonate

Satd.

Potassium nitrate

Satd.

Sodium chlorate

Satd.

Potassium perborate

Satd.

Sodium chloride

Satd.

Potassium perchlorate

10

Sodium chlorite

Potassium permanganate

20

A
(80C)

Sodium chlorite

A
(80C)

Potassium sulfate
Potassium sulfide

Sodium chlorite

10

Potassium sulfite

A
(80C)

Sodium chlorite

20

A
(80C)

Sodium cyanide

Satd.

Propyl alcohol

100

Pyridine

100

Technical Information
By using any Technical Information contained herein, you agree that said technical information is given for convenience only, without any warranty or guarantee of any kind, and is accepted and used at your sole risk. You are encouraged to
verify independently any such information to their reasonable satisfaction. As used in this paragraph, Technical Information includes any technical advice, recommendations, testing, or analysis, including, without limitation, information as
it may relate to the selection of a product for a specific use and application.
Before using an HMC Polymers product, customers and other users should make their own independent determination that the product is suitable for the intended use. They should also ensure that they can use the HMC Polymers product
safely and legally. This document does not constitute a warranty, express or implied, including a warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In addition, no immunity under HMC Polymers, LyondellBasells or third parties
intellectual property rights shall be implied from this document. No one is authorized to make any warranties, issue any immunities or assume any liabilities on behalf ofHMC Polymers except in a writing signed by an authorized HMC
Polymers employee. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the exclusive remedy for all claims is replacement of the product or refund of the purchase price at HMC Polymers option, and in no event shall HMC Polymers be liable for special,
consequential, incidental, punitive or exemplary damages. Users should review the applicable Material Safety Data Sheet before handling the product.

7/9

POLYPROPYLENE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

Chemicals list
Chemicals S - Z
Environment

Conc.

Temp C

Environment

20

60

100

Sodium dichromate

Satd.

Sodium ferricyanide

Satd.

Sulfamic acid

Sodium ferrocyanicle

Satd.

Sodium fluoride

Satd.

Sodium hydroxide

50

Sodium hydroxide

10

Sodium hypochlorite

20

Sulfur

Sodium nitrate

Sulfuric acid

Sodium nitrite

Sodium silicate

Sodium sulfate

Satd.

Sulfates of

Sulfates of

A
(80C)

potassium
and sodium

98(a)

Sulfuric acid

60

B
(80C)

Sulfuric acid

50

Sulfuric acid

10

50-50 H2SO4/HNO3

(a)

D
(80C)

Sodium sulfite

Satd.

Stannic chloride

Satd.

Stannous chloride

Satd.

Tallow

Starch

Tannic acid

Sugars and syrups

Tartaric acid

Temp C

20

60

100

100

10

Trichloroethylene

100

A
(80C)

Turpentine

100

Urea

Urine

Water
(distilled, soft, hard and vapour)

Wet chlorine

gas

D
70%

White paraffin

100

B
80%

White spirit

100

Transformer oil

Satd.

Conc.

Trichloroacetic acid

06.2012

100

sales@hmcpolymers.com

Environment

60

25

Product enquiries:

calcium and
magnesium

Temp C
20

Sodium sulfide

(a) May produce cracking in material under stress

Conc.

10

Tetrahydrofuran

100

Tetralin

100

Toluene

100

Whiskey

Wines
Xylene

100

Yeast
Zinc chloride

Satd.

Zinc oxide
Zinc sulfate

Satd.

Technical Information
By using any Technical Information contained herein, you agree that said technical information is given for convenience only, without any warranty or guarantee of any kind, and is accepted and used at your sole risk. You are encouraged to
verify independently any such information to their reasonable satisfaction. As used in this paragraph, Technical Information includes any technical advice, recommendations, testing, or analysis, including, without limitation, information as
it may relate to the selection of a product for a specific use and application.
Before using an HMC Polymers product, customers and other users should make their own independent determination that the product is suitable for the intended use. They should also ensure that they can use the HMC Polymers product
safely and legally. This document does not constitute a warranty, express or implied, including a warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In addition, no immunity under HMC Polymers, LyondellBasells or third parties
intellectual property rights shall be implied from this document. No one is authorized to make any warranties, issue any immunities or assume any liabilities on behalf ofHMC Polymers except in a writing signed by an authorized HMC
Polymers employee. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the exclusive remedy for all claims is replacement of the product or refund of the purchase price at HMC Polymers option, and in no event shall HMC Polymers be liable for special,
consequential, incidental, punitive or exemplary damages. Users should review the applicable Material Safety Data Sheet before handling the product.

8/9

POLYPROPYLENE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

Contact
HMC Polymers is proud to be
located in Thailand to serve the
Asian and global markets. Our
Head Office is in Bangkok and
production facilities are located in
Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate and
Hemaraj Eastern Industrial Estate,
Rayong province.

Visiting Addresses

Mail Addresses

Head Office

Head Office

HMC Polymers Co., Ltd


20/F, Sathorn City Tower
175 South Sathorn Road
Thungmahamek, Sathorn
Bangkok 10120, Thailand

P.O. Box 27, Sathorn Post Office,


Bangkok 10341, Thailand

Tel +66 2614 3700


Fax +66 2679 6380

P.O. Box 2, Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate,


Muang, Rayong 21150, Thailand

PP/PDH Plants

PP Plants
HMC Polymers Co., Ltd
Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate
6 Moo 8, I-1 Road
Map Ta Phut, Muang
Rayong 21150, Thailand
Tel +66 38 683 861
Fax +66 38 683 003

PDH Plant
HMC Polymers Co., Ltd
Hemaraj Eastern Industrial Estate
19 Soi G-12, Pakorn Songkro Radh Rd.
Map Ta Phut, Muang
Rayong 21150, Thailand
Tel + 66 38 949 777
Fax + 66 38 949 789

For HMC location directions and maps, refer to


the locations page on www.hmcpolymers.com

For more information visit our website: www.hmcpolymers.com

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