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Reg. I{o.

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B.E/B.Tech.DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2007.
Seventh Semester
Mechanical Engineering
ME 432 - POWER PI"ANT ENGINEERING
Time : Three hours

Maximum : 100 marks

x2=Z}marks)

N.

PARTA-(10

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Answer ALL questions.

What do you understand by combined power cycles?

2.

State the advantagesof gas turbine power plants.

3.

What are super critical boilers?

4.

Why reheaters and regenerators are used in power plants?

5,

What is meant by overfeed and underfeed principles of coal firing?

6.

Horv is the asir proclucedimportant in the selectionof thermal power plant


site?

7.

What do you understandby the term equivaleni evaporation?

8.

Define maximum demand anci loacl factor.

9.

f,ist dawn the different types of nuciear reacLorscommonly used in polver


plants.

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10. \Vhat,are thst bretclerreactor*i?

PARTB-(5x16=80marks)
11.

(a)

Draw the layout of a coal based thermal power station of 200 MW


(16)
capacity showing all necessarycomponentsand its function.

Or
(b)

(i)

Discussthe factors thosego in the favour of nuclearpowerplant as


(8)

comparedto other types of power plants.

(a)

Give the layout of a diesel power plant showing clearly all the
(8)
components.

(i)

Draw a neat sketch of a Volex boiler and discuss its merits and
(8)
demerits over Benson boiler.

(ii)

Explain the working principle of a fluidized bed combustionsystem


(8)
rvith a neat sketch.

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12.

(ii)

Steam at 100 bar and 500"C expands in the turbine upto 8.5 bar

va

(b)

N.

Or

with an isentropic effrciency of 80Vo.The steam is then reheated to

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original temperature and then it expands in the lower stage of the


turbine upto the condenser pressure of

0.005 bar absolute. The

isentropic efficiency of the lower stage of the turbine is 857c. Find


the thermal efficiency of the cycle assuming the pressure loss in the

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reheater of 0.5 bar. If the expansion of the steam is allorved to


continue in

the

lower part

of the turbine with

an isentropic

reheating, find the thermal efficiency of


(16)
the cycle.Neglect the pump work in both cases.

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effrciency of 75Vo without

13.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

Draw a neat line diagram of inplant coal handling and indicate the

equipments used at different stages.

(8)

Explain the advantages of pulverized coal burning.

(8)

Or
(b)

(i)

Discuss the principle used in forced and induced draught. Why


balanced draught is preferred over forced or induced draught? (8)

(ii)

Explain the principle of operation of an ESP with a neat sketch. (8)

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L4.

(a)

(i)

Describe the automatic control of fuel and air supply systems in


(8)
boilers.

(ii)

Discussthe variouslossesthoseare encountered


in boilers.

(8)

Or
(b)

(i)

A central powerstationhas annualfactorsas follows:


Load factor

= 60Vo

Capacity factor

= 40Vo

Use factor

= 45Vo

The power station has a maximum demand of 15000 kW.


Determine the annual energy production, reserye capacity over and
(8)
above peak load and hours per year not in service.
The annual peak load on a 30 MW power station is 25 MW. The
power station supplies load having maximum demandsof 10 MW,
8.5 I\{W, 5 MW and 4,5 MW. The annual load factor is 457o.Find
the average-load, energy supplied per year, diversity factor and
(8)
demand factor.

(i)

With a neat sketch indicate the function of various parts of a


(8)
nuclear reactor.

(ii)

What are the different components of a nuclear power plant?


(8)
Explain the working of a nuclear power plant.

va

aa
na

(a)

Or

Explain the principle of operation of a gas cooled reactor with a


(8)
neat sketch.

( i i)

Draw a schematic of a MHD generator and explain its working


(8)
principle.

(i)

w.

(b)

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15.

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(ii)

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